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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757716/us-assessment-of-sports-related-hip-injuries
#1
Eugen Lungu, Johan Michaud, Nathalie J Bureau
Traumatic and overuse hip injuries occur frequently in amateur and professional athletes. After clinical assessment, imaging plays an important role in diagnosis and in defining care management of these injuries. Ultrasonography (US) is being increasingly used in assessment of hip injuries because of the wide availability of US machines, the lower cost, and the unique real-time imaging capability, which allows both static and dynamic evaluation as well as guidance of point-of-care interventions such as fluid aspiration and steroid injection...
May 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747820/gangliosides-and-autoimmune-peripheral-nerve-diseases
#2
John A Goodfellow, Hugh J Willison
A wide range of neuroimmunological diseases, referred to as autoimmune neuropathies, affect the peripheral nervous systems (PNS). The PNS is structurally diverse with complex anatomical compartments enriched in many different myelin and neuronal glycolipids, notably gangliosides. Autoimmune neuropathies are a proportion of autoimmune neuropathies mediated by autoimmune attack due to antibodies reactive with these compartmentally localized gangliosides. Antiganglioside antibodies are principally associated with the acute paralytic disease, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and are also found in several chronic autoimmune neuropathy syndromes...
2018: Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734573/hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-as-treatment-for-bilateral-arm-compartment-syndrome-after-crossfit-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Adriano Fernando Mendes, José da Mota Neto, Erica Maciel Heringer, Leandro Furtado de Simoni, Diego Demolinari Pires, Pedro José Labronici
Introduction: CrossFit is a physical fitness program characterized by high-intensity workouts that can be associated with serious injury. Acute compartment syndrome in the upper limbs is a rare occurrence. It may occur after intense physical exercise, and its usual treatment is surgical. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a treatment described as adjunctive in cases of compartmental syndrome. Presentation: We describe the case of a CrossFit practitioner who, after intense training, developed progressive symptoms of rhabdomyolysis and acute bilateral arm compartment syndrome, who was successfully treated with hyperbaric oxygen therapy and required no fasciotomy as surgical treatment...
March 2018: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596854/brain-and-behavioral-correlates-of-insulin-resistance-in-youth-with-depression-and-obesity
#4
Manpreet K Singh, Sara M Leslie, Mary Melissa Packer, Yevgeniya V Zaiko, Owen R Phillips, Elizabeth F Weisman, Danielle M Wall, Booil Jo, Natalie Rasgon
Depression, together with insulin resistance, is increasingly prevalent among youth. These conditions have traditionally been compartmentalized, but recent evidence suggests that a shared brain motivational network underlies their co-occurrence. We posit that, in the context of depressive symptoms, insulin resistance is associated with aberrant structure and functional connectivity in the Anterior Cingulate Cortex (ACC) and hippocampus. This motivational neural circuit underlies dysfunctional behavioral responses and increased sensitivity to rewarding aspects of ingesting high calorie food that lead to disinhibition of eating even when satiated...
April 5, 2018: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565819/protein-amino-acid-metabolism-disarrangements-the-hidden-enemy-of-chronic-age-related-conditions
#5
REVIEW
Evasio Pasini, Giovanni Corsetti, Roberto Aquilani, Claudia Romano, Anna Picca, Riccardo Calvani, Francesco Saverio Dioguardi
Proteins are macro-molecules crucial for cell life, which are made up of amino acids (AAs). In healthy people, protein synthesis and degradation are well balanced. However, in the presence of hypercatabolic stimulation (i.e., inflammation), protein breakdown increases as the resulting AAs are consumed for metabolic proposes. Indeed, AAs are biochemical totipotent molecules which, when deaminated, can be transformed into energy, lipids, carbohydrates, and/or biochemical intermediates of fundamental cycles, such as the Krebs' cycle...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536263/human-performance-in-motorcycle-road-racing-a-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Emanuele D'Artibale, Paul B Laursen, John B Cronin
Performance in motorcycle road racing is typically considered as the summation of interactions between rider, motorcycle, tires, and environment. Despite the substantial investments made towards the development of motorcycle technology and the business interests of manufacturers, published research focusing on the riders is relatively sparse, and a bike-centered mentality tends to dominate the sport. This manuscript reviews the known human performance aspects of motorcycle road racing and suggests directions for future research...
June 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514879/heterogeneity-of-adipose-tissue-in-development-and-metabolic-function
#7
REVIEW
Theresa Schoettl, Ingrid P Fischer, Siegfried Ussar
Adipose tissue is a central metabolic organ. Unlike other organs, adipose tissue is compartmentalized into individual depots and distributed throughout the body. These different adipose depots show major functional differences and risk associations for developing metabolic syndrome. Recent advances in lineage tracing demonstrate that individual adipose depots are composed of adipocytes that are derived from distinct precursor populations, giving rise to different populations of energy-storing white adipocytes...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482859/magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-functional-outcomes-after-a-polyurethane-meniscal-scaffold-implantation-minimum-5-year-follow-up
#8
Joan C Monllau, Francesco Poggioli, Juan Erquicia, Eduardo Ramírez, Xavier Pelfort, Pablo Gelber, Raúl Torres-Claramunt
PURPOSE: To report the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and clinical outcomes at a minimum 5-year follow-up in a series of patients with postmeniscectomy syndrome and treated with a polyurethane scaffold. METHODS: All consecutive patients operated on from September 2008 to February 2011 for either persistent medial or lateral joint line compartmental pain receiving a polyurethane scaffold due to a previous partial meniscus resection with a minimum 5-year follow-up were included...
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29474737/association-between-reported-aetiology-of-central-nervous-system-infections-and-the-speciality-of-study-investigators-a-bias-compartmental-syndrome
#9
Tehmina Bharucha, Serena Vickers, Damien Ming, Sue J Lee, Audrey Dubot-Pérès, Xavier de Lamballerie, Paul N Newton
Background: Conventional descriptions of central nervous system (CNS) infections are variably categorized into clinical syndromes for patient investigation, management and research. Aetiologies of the most commonly recognized syndromes, encephalitis and meningitis, tend to be attributed predominantly to viruses and bacteria, respectively. Methods: A systematic review was performed of aetiological studies of CNS syndromes and data extracted on reported author specialities...
December 1, 2017: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467577/human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-the-brain-culprit-or-facilitator
#10
REVIEW
Luminita Ene
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) enters the brain early, where it can persist, evolve, and become compartmentalized. Central nervous system (CNS) disease can be attributed to HIV alone or to the complex interplay between the virus and other neurotropic pathogens. Aim: The current review aims to describe the direct impact of HIV on the brain as well as its relationship with other pathogens from a practitioner's perspective, to provide a general clinical overview, brief workup, and, whenever possible, treatment guidance...
2018: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461511/roles-of-a-kinase-anchoring-proteins-and-phosphodiesterases-in-the-cardiovascular-system
#11
REVIEW
Maria Ercu, Enno Klussmann
A-kinase anchoring proteins (AKAPs) and cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases (PDEs) are essential enzymes in the cyclic adenosine 3'-5' monophosphate (cAMP) signaling cascade. They establish local cAMP pools by controlling the intensity, duration and compartmentalization of cyclic nucleotide-dependent signaling. Various members of the AKAP and PDE families are expressed in the cardiovascular system and direct important processes maintaining homeostatic functioning of the heart and vasculature, e.g., the endothelial barrier function and excitation-contraction coupling...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Development and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459181/nuclear-envelope-rupture-little-holes-big-openings
#12
REVIEW
Emily M Hatch
The nuclear envelope (NE), which is a critical barrier between the DNA and the cytosol, is capable of extensive dynamic membrane remodeling events in interphase. One of these events, interphase NE rupture and repair, can occur in both normal and disease states and results in the loss of nucleus compartmentalization. NE rupture is not lethal, but new research indicates that it could have broad impacts on genome stability and activate innate immune responses. These observations suggest a new model for how changes in NE structure could be pathogenic in cancer, laminopathies, and autoinflammatory syndromes, and redefine the functions of nucleus compartmentalization...
February 16, 2018: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415981/acute-exertional-compartment-syndrome-with-rhabdomyolysis-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#13
Brandon McKinney, Christopher Gaunder, Ross Schumer
BACKGROUND Acute exertional compartment syndrome (AECS) is a rare cause of leg pain often associated with a delay in diagnosis and potentially leading to irreversible muscle and nerve damage. CASE REPORT We present the case of a previously healthy, high-level athlete who presented with the acute onset of unilateral anterior leg pain and foot drop the day after a strenuous workout. He was diagnosed with compartment syndrome and rhabdomyolysis. His management included emergent fluid resuscitation, fasciotomies, debridement of necrotic muscle from his anterior compartment, and delayed primary closure...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374645/spontaneous-calf-haematoma-in-severe-dengue
#14
Ahmad Mursel Anam, Raihan Rabbani, Farzana Shumy
We report a case of spontaneous calf muscle haematoma, formed during the recovery phase of dengue haemorrhagic fever, which, to the best of our knowledge, has never been encountered before. A 45-year-old man presented with features of severe dengue and got admitted to our intensive care unit. He was treated with intravenous fluid therapy and supportive measures, and gradually improved, initially. However, during the recovery phase, he suddenly developed painful left calf, which was found tender, hot and swollen on physical examination...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285409/massive-lumbar-spine-hematoma-post-spinal-tap
#15
Ahmed Al Jishi, Naresh Murty
Background: Lumbar puncture is a well-known procedure. The indications for lumbar puncture vary among different medical and surgical disciplines, though obtaining a sample for cerebrospinal fluid analysis is the most common one. A normal coagulation profile is crucial prior to pursing the procedure. Occasionally, an urgent sample is needed to guide an appropriate treatment while the patient's coagulation status is suboptimum. In those specific critical situations, some may accept suboptimal correction owing to the urgency of the case...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243133/symptomatic-cerebrospinal-fluid-hiv-1-escape-with-no-resistance-associated-mutations-following-low-level-plasma-viremia
#16
Mattia Trunfio, Sarah Beth Joseph, Valeria Ghisetti, Alessandra Romito, Caterina Martini, Jessica Cusato, Sabrina Audagnotto, Laura Pesci Kincer, Micol Ferrara, Arianna Sala, Daniele Imperiale, Giovanni Di Perri, Andrea Calcagno
The majority of neurologically symptomatic cerebrospinal fluid HIV-1 escape cases are connected with resistance-associated mutations and potentially explained by low cerebrospinal fluid antiretroviral concentrations. However, there are still significant knowledge gaps regarding the physiopathology and long-term management of neurosymptomatic viral escape. We report a case of Parkinson-like syndrome following cerebrospinal fluid HIV-1 escape in a 40-year-old female patient with an history of persistent low-level plasma viremia under treatment...
February 2018: Journal of Neurovirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195681/compression-sonography-for-non-invasive-measurement-of-lower-leg-compartment-pressure-in-an-animal-model
#17
Andreas Bloch, Corina Tomaschett, Stephan M Jakob, Andreas Schwinghammer, Timo Schmid
INTRODUCTION: Compression ultrasound is a non-invasive technique allowing for qualitative visualization and quantitative measurements of mechanical tissue properties. In acute compartment syndrome (ACS), cadaver studies have proven that the intra-compartmental pressure (ICP) measured by compression sonography correlates with the ICP measured invasively. This study aimed to evaluate compression sonography for compartment pressure measurements in an animal model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The pressure in the anterior tibial compartment of 6 domestic pig legs was increased from baseline to 40mmHg in 5mmHg steps...
November 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174139/altered-tgf-%C3%AE-endocytic-trafficking-contributes-to-the-increased-signaling-in-marfan-syndrome
#18
Anna-Maria Siegert, Carla Serra-Peinado, Enric Gutiérrez-Martínez, Fernando Rodríguez-Pascual, Isabel Fabregat, Gustavo Egea
The main cardiovascular alteration in Marfan syndrome (MFS) is the formation of aortic aneurysms in which augmented TGF-β signaling is reported. However, the primary role of TGF-β signaling as a molecular link between the genetic mutation of fibrillin-1 and disease onset is controversial. The compartmentalization of TGF-β endocytic trafficking has been shown to determine a signaling response in which clathrin-dependent internalization leads to TGF-β signal propagation, and caveolin-1 (CAV-1) associated internalization leads to signal abrogation...
February 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147897/vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-with-mesh-mediated-fascial-traction-achieves-better-outcomes-than-vacuum-assisted-wound-closure-alone-a-comparative-study
#19
Giuseppe Salamone, Leo Licari, Giovanni Guercio, Albert Comelli, Mirko Mangiapane, Nicolò Falco, Roberta Tutino, Noemi Bagarella, Sofia Campanella, Calogero Porrello, Roberto Gullo, Gianfranco Cocorullo, Gaspare Gulotta
BACKGROUND: Open abdomen (OA) permits the application of damage control surgery principles when abdominal trauma, sepsis, severe acute peritonitis and abdominal compartmental syndrome (ACS) occur. METHODS: Non-traumatic patients treated with OA between January 2010 and December 2015 were identified in a prospective database, and the data collected were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' records were collected from charts and the surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) registries...
November 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105796/penetration-and-pharmacokinetics-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-in-rat-prostate-tissue
#20
Venkata K Yellepeddi, Jayashree Radhakrishnan, Rajan Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) involves inflammation of the prostate and affects the quality of life of men of all ages. It is well reported in clinical studies that the treatment for CP/CPPS using nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) produced favorable outcomes. However, currently, there are no guidelines on choice of the NSAIDs for the treatment of CP/CPPS. Therefore, in the current research study, we evaluated the prostate tissue penetration of four NSAIDs in rats to provide guidance on choice of NSAIDs for the treatment of CP/CPPS...
February 2018: Prostate
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