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Gabrielius Jakutis, Ieva Norkienė, Donata Ringaitienė, Tomas Jovaiša
Background: Hyperoxia has long been perceived as a desirable or at least an inevitable part of cardiopulmonary bypass. Recent evidence suggest that it might have multiple detrimental effects on patient homeostasis. The aim of the study was to identify the determinants of supra-physiological values of partial oxygen pressure during on-pump cardiac surgery and to assess the impact of hyperoxia on clinical outcomes. Materials and methods: Retrospective data analysis of the institutional research database was performed to evaluate the effects of hyperoxia in patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, 246 patients were included in the final analysis...
2017: Acta Medica Lituanica
Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki, Behzad Heidari
AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence and the associated factors of metabolically unhealthy in normal-weight and metabolically healthy in obese. METHODS: We analyzed the data of a representative sample of 986 participants recruited among adult population of north of Iran. Data were collected regarding demographic characteristics, lifestyle, body mass index, abdominal obesity measures, blood pressure, and lipid profiles. The participants were classified as metabolically healthy obese (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy normal-weight (MUNW)...
November 23, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Ik Dong Yoo, Sang Mi Lee, Jeong Won Lee, Jung Eun Oh, Yong Jin Cho, Hwang Sik Shin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) uptake of reference organs can be affected by subjects' factors in positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in a healthy population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 208 normal healthy subjects without diabetes or dyslipidemia were included. Adipose tissue volume was measured by CT images from a dedicated PET/CT scan. Uptake of 18F-FDG of reference organs was measured from liver, blood pool, and muscle, and was normalized by lean body anthropometric data and adipose tissue volume...
November 27, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Bingyuan Wang, Ming Zhang, Shu Wang, Chongjian Wang, Jinjin Wang, Linlin Li, Lu Zhang, Yongcheng Ren, Chengyi Han, Yang Zhao, Junmei Zhou, Guo'an Wang, Yanxia Shen, Dongting Wu, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Tianping Feng, Jingzhi Zhao, Xinping Luo, Dongsheng Hu
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine dynamic status of metabolically healthy overweight or obesity (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy and normal weight (MUNW) and the risk of incident type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Body mass index and metabolic health were assessed on 11,865 eligible participants ≥18 years from 6-year follow-up cohort study of a rural Chinese population. Participants were classified as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), MHO, MUNW and metabolically unhealthy overweight or obesity (MUO) at both baseline and follow-up examinations...
October 31, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
Wenqing Ding, Hong Cheng, Fangfang Chen, Yinkun Yan, Meixian Zhang, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Dongqing Hou, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: The potential mechanism underlying the relationship between the risk of cardiovascular diseases and metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals remains unclear. The aim of the study was to prospectively investigate the potential role of the adipokines in the association between the MHO phenotype and hypertension in children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 1184 participants at baseline were recruited from a cohort of the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome (BCAMS) study...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
Atieh Mirzababaei, Khadijeh Mirzaei, Leila Khorrami-Nezhad, Zhila Maghbooli, Seyed Ali Keshavarz
Link between obesity and bone health is controversial. It seems that maybe the difference in metabolic status leads to this difference. We studied relation between metabolically healthy/unhealthy components with bone mineral density. Results showed metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUHO) phenotypes have better bone status at hip site than metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). Also, component metabolic can effect on BMD in different sites. PURPOSE/INTRODUCTION: This cross-sectional study aimed to compare total BMD and L-L4 BMD in MHO and MUHO base on Karelis criteria...
October 29, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
A E Espinosa De Ycaza, D Donegan, M D Jensen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The clinical relevance of the metabolically healthy overweight/obese (MHO) phenotype is controversial and the relationships between weight change and the development of cardiometabolic risk factors is unknown. Therefore, we aim to: (1) Assess the long-term risk of developing one or more components of the metabolic syndrome in MHO adults compared with metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW); (2) Evaluate risk of a composite of death, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and risk of developing type 2 diabetes between adults defined according to baseline body mass index and metabolic health...
September 25, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Kayoung Lee
PURPOSE: We assessed the association of blood mercury concentration with metabolic and weight phenotypes. METHODS: Blood mercury concentration, metabolic syndrome components, and body mass index (BMI) were measured in 6006 Korean adults (2963 men, 3043 women, mean age 44.7 ± 14.7 years), using the 2011-2013 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Metabolic and weight phenotypes were classified based on BMI and metabolic syndrome (MetS) presence as metabolically healthy and normal weight (MHNW), metabolically unhealthy and normal weight (MUNW), metabolically healthy and obese (MHO), and metabolically unhealthy and obese (MUO)...
October 13, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
P T Bradshaw, K R Reynolds, L E Wagenknecht, C E Ndumele, J Stevens
BACKGROUND: Some obese adults are not afflicted by the metabolic abnormalities often associated with obesity [the 'metabolically healthy obese' (MHO)], however, they may be at increased risk of developing cardiometabolic abnormalities in the future. Little is known about the relative incidence of individual components of metabolic syndrome (MetSyn). METHODS: We used data from a multi-center, community-based cohort aged 45-64 years at recruitment [the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study] to examine the first appearance of any MetSyn component, excluding waist circumference...
October 9, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Aditi Khokhar, Vivian Chin, Sheila Perez-Colon, Tanni Farook, Shipra Bansal, Elna Kochummen, Vatcharapan Umpaichitra
Obesity is on the rise worldwide. An obesity subtype, metabolically healthy obese (MHO), is resilient to unfavorable metabolic and cardiovascular effects. Factors predicting MHO phenotype are not well characterized. We aimed to identify MHO and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUO) children and adolescents with respect to metabolic factors, and to find predictors of MHO subtype. A retrospective chart review was done on children, ages 4-19 years, 99% African-American/Caribbean, with BMI ≥95th %tile. MUO was defined as meeting ≥1 of the following: fasting glucose ≥100 mg/dl, HbA1c >5...
2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
Da Young Yoon, Young Ah Lee, Jieun Lee, Jae Hyun Kim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and metabolically unhealthy obesity (MUO) are differentiated by the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) and insulin resistance (IR). This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of MHO in Korean children and adolescents and to investigate the anthropometric, laboratory, and lifestyle predictors of MHO. This study included data from 530 obese subjects, aged 10-19 years, obtained from the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Shinje Moon, Chang-Myung Oh, Moon-Ki Choi, Yoo-Kyung Park, Sukyung Chun, Minkyung Choi, Jae Myung Yu, Hyung Joon Yoo
The metabolic outcomes of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) remain controversial. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of physical activity on the cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes of MHO. The study included participants who were followed for 10 years and recruited from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES), a population-based cohort study. Participants with previously recorded CVDs or cancer, or who had received steroids or anticoagulants at baseline were excluded. A total of 8144 participants (3,942 men and 4,202 women) fulfilled inclusion criteria...
2017: PloS One
Melania Gaggini, Fabrizia Carli, Amalia Gastaldelli
Excess caloric intake does not always translate to an expansion of the subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and increase in fat mass. It is now recognized that adipocyte type (white, WAT, or brown, BAT), size (large vs. small) and metabolism are important factors for the development of cardiometabolic diseases. When the subcutaneous adipose tissue is not able to expand in response to increased energy intake the excess substrate is stored as visceral adipose tissue or as ectopic fat in tissues as muscle, liver and pancreas...
September 25, 2017: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
Sayana Tsushima, Pawel Wargocki, Shin-Ichi Tanabe
Conditions in which exhaled and dermally-emitted bioeffluents could be sampled separately or together (whole-body emission) were created. Five lightly-dressed males exhaled the air through a mask to another, identical chamber or without a mask to the chamber in which they were sitting; the outdoor air supply rate was the same in both chambers. The carbon dioxide concentration in the chamber with exhaled air was 2,000 ppm. Chamber temperatures were 23°C or 28°C and ozone was present or absent in the supply airflow...
September 11, 2017: Indoor Air
Anca Daniela Farcas, Camelia Larisa Vonica, Adela Golea
AIMS: The objective of this prospective study was to assess the correlation between carotid intima-media thickness at the common carotid (CIMTc) and carotid bifurcation (CIMTb) level, hepatic fat accumulation, and obesity phenotypes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred obese adults, in which CIMTc and CIMTb thickness was determined, were included. According to body mass index (BMI) and presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS), patients were classified as metabolically healthy obese (MHO, obesity without MetS) and metabolically unhealthy obese (MUHO, obesity with MetS)...
June 17, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
Tae Jun Kim, Eun Ran Kim, Sung Noh Hong, Young-Ho Kim, Dong Kyung Chang, Jaehwan Ji, Jee Eun Kim, Hye Seung Kim, Kyunga Kim, Hee Jung Son
Obesity is a well-known risk factor for colorectal neoplasia. Yet, the associations of both metabolic and obesity status with metachronous colorectal neoplasia remain unclear. We conducted a cohort study of 9,331 adults who underwent screening colonoscopy and surveillance colonoscopy. Participants were classified as metabolically healthy if they had no metabolic syndrome component. Participants were categorized into four groups according to body mass index and metabolic status: metabolically healthy non-obese (MHNO; n = 2,745), metabolically abnormal non-obese (MANO; n = 3,267), metabolically healthy obese (MHO; n = 707), and metabolically abnormal obese (MAO; n = 2,612)...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Majid Karandish, Hajieh Shahbazian, Jalaly Mohammad Taha, Bahman Cheraghian, Mitra Moradi
BACKGROUND: Today, obesity epidemic is one of the major health problems of the present century. One of the phenotypes of obesity is metabolically healthy obesity. It seems that these obese individuals suffer less from cardiovascular disease and metabolically unhealthy obesity. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO) and its relationship with incidence of metabolic syndrome, diabetes and hypertension in individuals over 20 years in the city of Ahvaz...
July 27, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Birgit Henrich, Freya Kretzmer, René Deenen, Karl Köhrer
Mycoplasma hominis is the second smallest facultative pathogen of the human urogenital tract. With less than 600 protein-encoding genes, it represents an ideal model organism for the study of host-pathogen interactions. For a comprehensive characterisation of the M. hominis action in infection a customized Mho microarray, which was based on two genome sequences (PG21 and LBD-4), was designed to analyze the dynamics of the mycoplasma transcriptome during infection and validated for M. hominis strain FBG. RNA preparation was evaluated and adapted to ensure the highest recovery of mycoplasmal mRNAs from in vitro HeLa cell infection assays...
2017: PloS One
Maria Carliana Mota, Catarina Mendes Silva, Laura Cristina Tibiletti Balieiro, Walid Makin Fahmy, Cibele Aparecida Crispim
Social jetlag - a measure of disruption of the circadian system - has been linked to obesity, but its association with metabolic complications in non-communicable chronic diseases (NCCDs) is unknown in the literature. We examined the associations between social jetlag and obesity status and metabolic parameters among individuals with NCCDs. Patients (n = 792) with NCCDs (obesity, systemic arterial hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus or dyslipidaemia) attended clinics of the public health service of the city of Uberlândia, Minas Gerais State, Brazil...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
Ibrahima Seck, Anta Tal Dia, Oumar Sagna, Mamadou Makhtar Leye
Introduction: Despite the recognition of the role of Mutual Health Organization (MHO) as a mechanism to ensure the financial sustainability of health systems, recent studies have shown the existence of obstacles to enrolment and retention in these MHOs. The objective of this study was to examine the determinants of enrolment and retention in MHO in Senegal.Methods: Data collection was conducted from 22 June to 30 September 2015 in Ziguinchor, located 450 km from Dakar by stratified two-stage sampling (n = 912 households)...
March 6, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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