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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913378/testing-neurophysiological-markers-related-to-fear-potentiated-startle
#1
Antonia V Seligowski, Erin Bondy, Paris Singleton, Holly K Orcutt, Kerry J Ressler, Randy P Auerbach
Fear-potentiated startle (FPS) paradigms provide insight into fear learning mechanisms that contribute to impairment among individuals with posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Electrophysiology also has provided insight into these mechanisms through the examination of event-related potentials (ERPs) such as the P100 and LPP. It remains unclear, however, whether the P100 and LPP may be related to fear learning processes within the FPS paradigm. To this end, we tested differences in ERP amplitudes for conditioned stimuli associated (CS+) and not associated (CS-) with an aversive unconditioned stimulus (US) during fear acquisition...
June 11, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913376/compulsive-buying-in-paris-psychology-students-assessment-of-dsm-5-personality-trait-domains
#2
David Duroy, Olivier Sabbagh, Ariane Baudel, Michel Lejoyeux
Compulsive buying is associated with significant psychiatric comorbidity, such as personality disorders. Few studies have focused on the dimensional model of personality disorders in compulsive buying. We aimed to assess the eventual presence of personality dysfunctions in compulsive buying according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder, 5th edition (DSM-5) dimensional conception of personality disorders. We screened online compulsive buying (QABB), characterized purchasing behavior and explored DSM-5 personality trait domains (Personality Inventory for DSM-5-Brief Form [PID-5-BF]) in 233 Paris psychology students using an online self-reporting questionnaire...
June 8, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913348/from-linear-care-plan-through-concept-map-to-concepto-plan-the-creation-of-an-innovative-and-holistic-care-plan
#3
M Sherry McDonald, Melanie Neumeier, Mark E Olver
Linear care plans have traditionally been used in nursing education to support nursing students in identifying potential and actual health care problems, and to follow up on those issues with nursing interventions. However, the linear care plan does not support the nursing student with learning in-depth critical thinking, clinical reasoning, creative thinking, and other ways of thinking. Concept mapping was introduced as a way to support the nursing student to improve upon critical thinking and clinical reasoning and to identify relationships among the patient's health care problems...
May 26, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913096/what-does-it-take-to-graduate-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-perceptions-of-successful-physiotherapy-graduates-from-one-university-in-the-uk
#4
Elizabeth Cassidy, Meriel Norris, Annabel Williams
Little is known about the complex factors that underpin persistence and success for preregistration physiotherapy students. This article presents findings from a qualitative study which explored the perceptions of eight recent graduates from one UK university about their experiences of their physiotherapy undergraduate degree program, and what they considered important in their success. Data were collected via one-to-one, semi-structured interviews. An in-depth thematic analysis was undertaken from which three overarching themes were inferred...
June 18, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913073/chronotype-and-environmental-light-exposure-in-a-student-population
#5
Kate Porcheret, Lucien Wald, Lin Fritschi, Menno Gerkema, Marijke Gordijn, Martha Merrrow, Shantha M W Rajaratnam, Daniel Rock, Tracey L Sletten, Guy Warman, Katharina Wulff, Till Roenneberg, Russell G Foster
In humans and most other species, changes in the intensity and duration of light provide a critical set of signals for the synchronisation of the circadian system to the astronomical day. The timing of activity within the 24 h day defines an individual's chronotype, i.e. morning, intermediate or evening type. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between environmental light exposure, due to geographical location, on the chronotype of university students. Over 6 000 university students from cities in the Northern Hemisphere (Oxford, Munich and Groningen) and Southern Hemisphere (Perth, Melbourne and Auckland) completed the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire...
June 18, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912883/acceptability-of-hpv-vaccines-and-associations-with-perceptions-related-to-hpv-and-hpv-vaccines-among-male-baccalaureate-students-in-hong-kong
#6
Teris Cheung, Joseph T F Lau, Johnson Z Wang, P K H Mo, Y S Ho
OBJECTIVES: The highly infectious human papillomavirus (HPV) causes both genital warts and cervical cancer in women. In 2009, the prevalence of genital warts in Hong Kong was 203.7 per 100,000 person-years. Cervical cancer, more seriously, was the eight most common cancer among women and girls in Hong Kong, accounting for 2.3% of all new cancer cases in females in 2014. Cervical cancer is a significant global public health problem and HPV is a major risk factor leading to the development of cervical cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912668/student-response-to-reports-of-unprofessional-behavior-assessing-risk-of-subsequent-professional-problems-in-medical-school
#7
Michael A Ainsworth, Karen M Szauter
BACKGROUND: An early concern note (ECN) program is used by some medical schools to identify, counsel, and intervene when students exhibit unprofessional behavior. Student maturity, insight, propensity for reflection, and receptiveness to feedback have been suggested as predictors of future behavior. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that (a) classifying students with a first ECN based on their response to the report would identify students at risk of repeat ECNs better than the action that prompted it and (b) receipt of multiple ECNs would identify students at risk of adverse academic events...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912657/using-multiple-mini-interviews-as-a-pre-screening-tool-for-medical-student-candidates-completing-international-health-electives
#8
Caley A Satterfield, Matthew M Dacso, Premal Patel
There continues to be an increase in the number of learners who participate in international health electives (IHEs). However, not all learners enter IHEs with the same level of knowledge, attitude, and previous experience, which puts undue burden on host supervisors and poses risks to student and patient safety. The Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) is a technique that has become a popular method for undergraduate and postgraduate-level health science admissions programs. This paper describes the MMI process used by our program to screen first-year medical students applying for pre-clinical IHEs...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912653/evaluation-of-the-impact-of-a-senior-mentor-program-on-medical-students-geriatric-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-older-adults
#9
Maria Mendoza De La Garza, Christina Tieu, Darrell Schroeder, Kathleen Lowe, Ericka Tung
Medical schools throughout the country struggle with how best to train students to provide quality, patient-centered care to the burgeoning population of older adults. The Senior Sages Program (SSP) is a longitudinal Senior Mentor Program (SMP) that offers students the opportunity to learn about the aging process and core geriatric medicine concepts through the eyes of an aging expert: their Senior Sage. The SSP marries a robust electronic curriculum with an SMP and online discussion board. The aim of this program evaluation was to measure the impact on students' geriatric knowledge and attitudes toward older adults...
June 18, 2018: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912649/conditions-and-strategies-high-school-students-living-in-lodgings-experience-as-important-and-helpful-for-their-well-being
#10
Wenche Wannebo, Siri Andreassen Devik, Lisbeth Uhrenfeldt
Many 15- to 16-year-old adolescents in Scandinavian countries have to move away from home to live in lodgings during senior high school. This transition might affect the adolescents' well-being and mental health, with the risk of dropping out of school and/or potential mental health problems. This study aims to explore what adolescents experience to be of importance and helpful for their well-being through their lives in lodgings during senior high school. Qualitative, in-depth interviews were performed among 21 adolescents from the ages of 16 to 18 of both genders living in lodgings in a Norwegian county...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912574/the-relationship-between-neuroticism-and-night-eating-exploring-the-mediating-roles-of-psychological-distress-and-maladaptive-coping
#11
Jinbo He, Xitao Fan, Jinjin Yan, Fang Huang, Wen Wu, Zhihui Cai
Night Eating Syndrome has been shown to be associated with various negative physical and psychological consequences. This study explored the relationship between neuroticism and night eating, which had not been studied before. We also examined the possible mediating roles of psychological distress and maladaptive coping for the relationship between neuroticism and night eating. A sample of 578 Chinese college students were assessed on several measures: The Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale, the Night Eating Questionnaire, the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire...
June 18, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912479/heterogeneity-of-pregamers-by-consumption-and-reinforcement-reasons-a-latent-profile-analysis
#12
Amie L Haas, Robert E Wickham, Byron L Zamboanga, Jennifer P Read, Brian Borsari
BACKGROUND: Pregaming is a common, high-risk drinking activity among college students that has been largely unchangeable despite targeted intervention approaches. Therefore, identifying profiles of pregamers could enhance understanding of the risks associated with this practice and inform intervention development. METHODS: This study identified subtypes of pregamers in undergraduates (N = 911; 60% female, 42.9% White) attending 3 U.S. universities in 2012. Self-report data assessed recent alcohol use (overall, heavy, and pregaming), pregaming motives, and demographics...
June 18, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912414/peroxiredoxin-6-is-the-primary-antioxidant-enzyme-for-the-maintenance-of-viability-and-dna-integrity-in-human-spermatozoa
#13
Maria C Fernandez, Cristian O'Flaherty
STUDY QUESTION: Are all components of the peroxiredoxins (PRDXs) system important to control the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) to maintain viability and DNA integrity in spermatozoa? SUMMARY ANSWER: PRDX6 is the primary player of the PRDXs system for maintaining viability and DNA integrity in human spermatozoa. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Mammalian spermatozoa are sensitive to high levels of ROS and PRDXs are antioxidant enzymes proven to control the levels of ROS generated during sperm capacitation to avoid oxidative damage in the spermatozoon...
June 15, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912152/susceptibility-to-alcohol-hangovers-the-association-with-self-reported-immune-status
#14
Aurora J A E van de Loo, Marlou Mackus, Marith van Schrojenstein Lantman, Aletta D Kraneveld, Karel A Brookhuis, Johan Garssen, Andrew Scholey, Joris C Verster
Increasing evidence points at a role for the immune system in the genesis of the alcohol hangover. This study investigated the association between self-reported immune function and experiencing hangovers. Dutch students aged 18 to 30 years old were invited to complete an online survey. Eighteen items on immune-related complaints were completed to assess self-reported immune function. Alcohol consumption in the past month (with respect to usual consumption and the occasion of heaviest drinking) was also recorded...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912085/just-in-time-training-for-intraosseous-needle-placement-and-defibrillator-use-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#15
Taichi Itoh, Jannet Lee-Jayaram, Rui Fang, Travis Hong, Benjamin Berg
OBJECTIVES: Just-in-time training (JITT) is a method of simulation-based training where the training occurs within the clinical environment in a concise manner. Just-in-time training has shown effects at the learner, patient, and system-wide levels. We evaluated a JITT curriculum for the procedures of intraosseous (IO) needle placement and defibrillator use in a pediatric emergency department (ED) by comparing the trainees' comfort level in performing those procedures independently (Kirkpatrick level 2a) and trainees' knowledge of the procedures/equipment (Kirkpatrick level 2b) before and after the JITT...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912031/canine-outreach-promoting-engagement-the-effect-of-meaningful-activities-on-students-attitudes-toward-cognitively-impaired-older-adults
#16
B Morgan Yordy, W Stuart Pope, Chih-Hsuan Wang
Animal-assisted activities (AAAs) show promise in providing emotional and social benefits to older adults and may be used as a tool to promote therapeutic communication between students and cognitively impaired older adults. The purpose was to develop a program incorporating AAAs to enhance social engagement of cognitively impaired older adults in a community respite program and in turn enhance student comfort when caring for this vulnerable population. The Dementia Attitudes Scale, a validated tool, was used to measure students' attitudes before and after AAA intervention...
June 14, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912030/a-capstone-simulation-for-leadership-development-bridging-theory-to-practice
#17
Haley P Strickland, Teresa D Welch
New graduate nurses are expected to function autonomously and be practice-ready upon graduation. However, transitioning from the role of student to one of leadership in the professional nurse's role is a complex experience. Concerns for safety and liability in an increasingly complex health care environment may limit the availability of relevant clinical experiences for nursing students to develop leadership skills. The Mock Hospital, a comprehensive capstone simulation, was designed to immerse senior nursing students into the leadership role of the professional nurse...
June 14, 2018: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911965/exploring-empathy-in-the-face-of-patient-anonymity-and-professional-challenges-and-barriers
#18
Carina Mendoza
This article defines empathy as the conveyed expression of awareness, understanding, and sensitivity to the experiences, feelings, and emotions of a patient with a medical condition. This article is a reflective short story addressing empathy through the eyes of Maria (a fictitious patient), who is confronted with the challenges of negotiating her first encounter at a medical facility, and through the actions of Dr Jones (a fictitious physician) who, at a critical juncture, fails to engage empathically with her patient donning the ubiquitous hospital gown...
May 30, 2018: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911940/face-construct-and-concurrent-validity-of-a-simulation-model-for-laparoscopic-ovariectomy-in-standing-horses
#19
Mustafa M Elarbi, Claude A Ragle, Boel A Fransson, Kelly D Farnsworth
OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a simulation model for laparoscopic ovariectomy in standing horses. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SAMPLE 15 third-year veterinary students and 4 equine surgeons with experience in laparoscopy. PROCEDURES A simulation model that mimicked laparoscopic ovariectomy in standing horses was developed. Face validity of the model was determined with a questionnaire completed by the equine surgeons. Construct validity was determined by comparing performance scores (based on time to completion and accuracy completing various operative tasks) for simulated laparoscopic ovariectomy performed in the model for the students with scores for the equine surgeons...
July 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911926/how-much-does-education-improve-intelligence-a-meta-analysis
#20
Stuart J Ritchie, Elliot M Tucker-Drob
Intelligence test scores and educational duration are positively correlated. This correlation could be interpreted in two ways: Students with greater propensity for intelligence go on to complete more education, or a longer education increases intelligence. We meta-analyzed three categories of quasiexperimental studies of educational effects on intelligence: those estimating education-intelligence associations after controlling for earlier intelligence, those using compulsory schooling policy changes as instrumental variables, and those using regression-discontinuity designs on school-entry age cutoffs...
June 1, 2018: Psychological Science
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