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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923194/gender-negative-life-events-and-coping-on-different-stages-of-depression-severity-a-cross-sectional-study-among-chinese-university-students
#1
Xiao-Jun Sun, Geng-Feng Niu, Zhi-Qi You, Zong-Kui Zhou, Yun Tang
BACKGROUND: The effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on depression have been well-documented. But depression is a heterogeneous syndrome of which the severity ranged from mild depression to major depression. This study aimed to investigate the specific effects of gender, negative life events, and coping on different stages of depression severity. METHOD: A total of 5989 students (aged 16-25 years, M=20.85, SD=0.58), recruited from six universities in the central region of China using the stratified cluster sampling method, completed Life Events Questionnaire, Coping Response Inventory, and Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923165/outpatient-versus-inpatient-cervix-priming-with-foley-catheter-a-randomized-trial
#2
Catarina Policiano, Mariana Pimenta, Diana Martins, Nuno Clode
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy between outpatient and inpatient cervix priming with Foley catheter. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a randomized trial including term pregnancies with a single fetus in cephalic presentation, Bishop score<6, gestational age>41 weeks or medical indication for induction of labor. Patients were randomized to outpatient (n=65) or inpatient (n=65) priming with Foley catheter. Primary outcome was Bishop score change between outpatient and inpatient groups...
November 27, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#3
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923095/medical-student-mistreatment
#4
Catherine Lucey, Wendy Levinson, Shiphra Ginsburg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923091/association-between-learning-environment-interventions-and-medical-student-well-being-a-systematic-review
#5
Lauren T Wasson, Amberle Cusmano, Laura Meli, Irene Louh, Louise Falzon, Meghan Hampsey, Geoffrey Young, Jonathan Shaffer, Karina W Davidson
Importance: Concerns exist about the current quality of undergraduate medical education and its effect on students' well-being. Objective: To identify best practices for undergraduate medical education learning environment interventions that are associated with improved emotional well-being of students. Data Sources: Learning environment interventions were identified by searching the biomedical electronic databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and ERIC from database inception dates to October 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923082/prevalence-of-self-disclosed-disability-among-medical-students-in-us-allopathic-medical-schools
#7
LETTER
Lisa M Meeks, Kurt R Herzer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923076/medical-student-mental-health-culture-environment-and-the-need-for-change
#8
EDITORIAL
Stuart J Slavin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922901/simulation-using-teamstepps-to-promote-interprofessional-education-and-collaborative-practice
#9
Trent Reed, Trisha Leann Horsley, Keith Muccino, Donna Quinones, Viva Jo Siddall, Janet McCarthy, William Adams
Effective interprofessional collaborative practice is critical to maximizing patient safety and providing quality patient care; incorporating these strategies into the curriculum is an important step toward implementation. This study assessed whether TeamSTEPPS training using simulation could improve student knowledge of TeamSTEPPS principles, self-efficacy toward interprofessional collaborative practice, and team performance. Students (N = 201) demonstrated significant improvement in all of the targeted measurements...
December 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922900/treat-me-like-everyone-else-the-experience-of-nurses-who-had-disabilities-while-in-school
#10
Leslie Neal-Boylan, Michelle Miller
The Americans With Disabilities Act requires that nursing programs not discriminate against students with disabilities. This article describes a qualitative study of RNs who had disabilities while in nursing school. As students, participants tried to hide their disabilities, experienced fear and anger from faculty, were frequently told they could never be nurses, wanted to be treated like everyone else, had to work harder than others to prove themselves worthy, and learned to advocate for themselves.
December 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922899/nursing-students-intrinsic-motivation-and-performance-on-the-licensure-examination
#11
Michele G Hackney
Unsuccessful attempts at licensure adversely affect graduates, prelicensure nursing education programs, health care agencies, and ultimately, patient safety. The purpose of this quantitative, correlational study was to investigate the relationship between nursing students' intrinsic motivation and performance on the licensure examination. Nursing students responded to 12 questions related to reasons for learning as indicators of motivation type. Results indicated no statistically significant correlations between variables...
December 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922898/clinical-hours-in-nurse-practitioner-programs-equals-clinical-competence-fact-or-misnomer
#12
Cathy R Fulton, Carol Clark, Stephanie Dickinson
An assumption in nursing education is that clinical experience equals competent practice. Knowing the extent of learning acquired during these experiences is important, and in graduate education, this is not always known. This study examined the nature of clinical hours that nurse practitioner students complete during practicum courses and explored activities of students when not engaged in direct patient care.
December 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922727/measuring-learning-gain-comparing-anatomy-drawing-screencasts-and-paper-based-resources
#13
James D Pickering
The use of technology-enhanced learning (TEL) resources is now a common tool across a variety of healthcare programs. Despite this popular approach to curriculum delivery there remains a paucity in empirical evidence that quantifies the change in learning gain. The aim of the study was to measure the changes in learning gain observed with anatomy drawing screencasts in comparison to a traditional paper-based resource. Learning gain is a widely used term to describe the tangible changes in learning outcomes that have been achieved after a specific intervention...
December 6, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922723/the-american-indian-and-alaska-native-dentist-workforce-in-the-united-states
#14
Elizabeth Mertz, Cynthia Wides, Paul Gates
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to describe the American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) dentist workforce, the general practice patterns of these providers, and their contributions to oral health care for AI/AN and underserved patients. METHODS: A national sample survey of underrepresented minority dentists was conducted in 2012 and received a 34 percent response rate for self-reported AI/AN dentists. Data were weighted for selection and response bias to be nationally representative...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922720/function-of-personal-growth-initiative-on-posttraumatic-growth-posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-over-and-above-adaptive-and-maladaptive-rumination
#15
Yuki Shigemoto, Blakely Low, Dominika Borowa, Christine Robitschek
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether various types of rumination are distinguishable and the effects of personal growth initiative (PGI) on posttraumatic growth, posttraumatic stress, and depression through adaptive and maladaptive rumination. METHOD: Sample included 292 college students who experienced a potentially traumatic event (PTE). RESULTS: Intrusive and deliberative rumination were found to be distinct factors. However, brooding and reflection, thought to be separate aspects of depression, were a single factor...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922718/costly-and-unnecessary
#16
Kate Harrington
Many U.S. medical students, residents, and physicians want to see the elimination of the U.S. Medical Licensing Exam Step 2 Clinical Skills exam, saying it has a high price tag and an even higher first-attempt pass rate.
December 1, 2016: Texas Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922570/developing-a-simulation-based-training-program-for-the-prehospital-professionals-and-students-on-the-management-of-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome
#17
Melih Elcin, Arif Onan, Orhan Odabasi, Melahat Saylam, Handan Ilhan, Pinar Daylan Kockaya, Ilker Gurcuoglu, Yavuz Uckuyu, Duygu Cengiz, Osman Arikan Nacar
INTRODUCTION: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a major global health threat. Prehospital professionals face the risk of infection as they work to save lives. They should be made aware of the disease and be prepared to handle such cases. The aims of our study are to develop a training program about the prehospital management of a MERS case using standardized patient (SP) scenarios, to evaluate the awareness and preparedness of the participants about MERS, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this training...
December 2016: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922227/increasing-knowledge-and-confidence-in-behavioral-change-a-pilot-study
#18
Elizabeth P Frates, Ryan C Xiao, Kate Simeon, Tracie McCargo, Michelle Guo, Theodore A Stern
Objective: To assess whether and how effectively an interactive presentation about lifestyle medicine could impact the knowledge and attitudes of medical students to prepare them for managing chronic conditions in their patients. Chronic diseases are increasingly prevalent and problematic. Although chronic disease management involves lifestyle modification, few physicians are adequately trained in effective motivational interventions. Methods: We surveyed first- and second-year Harvard Medical School students in October 2015 before and after a presentation on lifestyle medicine and quantified changes in their knowledge, attitudes/confidence, and skills...
November 24, 2016: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922222/delving-into-the-details-implementing-multitiered-k-3-reading-supports-in-high-priority-schools
#19
Michael D Coyne, Ashley Oldham, Kaitlin Leonard, Darci Burns, Nicholas Gage
Although there is widespread agreement about the practices associated with multitiered systems of support (MTSS) frameworks in beginning reading, we often underestimate the systems and infrastructure that schools need to implement and sustain these practices. The real work of developing these systems often happens in the detailed-oriented and often messy world of schedules, routines, meetings, and materials. The purpose of this article is to describe a K-3 reading initiative where school teams serving high percentages of students at risk for reading difficulties "delved into the details" to work to overcome the complexities inherent in implementing multitiered reading supports in high priority schools...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922220/implementation-of-a-text-based-content-intervention-in-secondary-social-studies-classes
#20
Jeanne Wanzek, Sharon Vaughn
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with highly specified materials and implementing practices that are aligned with effective reading comprehension and content instruction, teachers' fidelity was consistently low for some components and high for others...
December 2016: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
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