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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214452/calorie-counting-and-fitness-tracking-technology-associations-with-eating-disorder-symptomatology
#1
Courtney C Simpson, Suzanne E Mazzeo
The use of online calorie tracking applications and activity monitors is increasing exponentially. Anecdotal reports document the potential for these trackers to trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptomatology. Yet, research has not examined the relation between use of these devices and eating disorder-related attitudes and behaviors. This study explored associations between the use of calorie counting and fitness tracking devices and eating disorder symptomatology. Participants (N=493) were college students who reported their use of tracking technology and completed measures of eating disorder symptomatology...
February 9, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214448/effect-of-fluoride-toothpaste-with-nano-sized-trimetaphosphate-on-enamel-demineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Marcelle Danelon, Juliano Pelim Pessan, Francisco Nunes Souza-Neto, Emerson Rodrigues de Camargo, Alberto Carlos Botazzo Delbem
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effect of toothpastes containing 1100ppm F associated or not with micrometric or nano-sized sodium trimetaphosphate (TMP) on enamel demineralization in vitro, using a pH cycling model. DESIGN: Bovine enamel blocks (4mm×4mm, n=96) were randomly allocated into eight groups (n=12), according to the test toothpastes: Placebo (without fluoride or TMP); 1100ppm F (1100F); 1100F plus micrometric TMP at concentrations of 1%, 3% or 6%; and 1100F plus nanosized TMP at 1%, 3% or 6%...
February 10, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214431/simulation-in-undergraduate-paediatric-nursing-curriculum-evaluation-of-a-complex-ward-for-a-day-education-program
#3
Andree S Gamble
Simulation in health education has been shown to increase confidence, psychomotor and professional skills, and thus positively impact on student preparedness for clinical placement. It is recognised as a valuable tool to expose and engage students in realistic patient care encounters without the potential to cause patient harm. Although inherent challenges exist in the development and implementation of simulation, variability in clinical placement time, availability and quality dictates the need to provide students with learning opportunities they may otherwise not experience...
February 4, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214430/development-of-evidence-based-practice-in-academic-service-partnerships-experiences-of-working-life-representatives-from-social-and-health-care-sectors
#4
Hanna-Leena Melender
Learning about how to develop and lead the implementation of evidence based practice (EBP) in services is an important part of the education of developers and managers for the social and health care sectors. In order to develop this teaching and to support the development of EBP in services, a Teaching Development Effort (TDE) was conducted by establishing academic service partnerships (ASPs) and connecting Master's students' assignments with them. The TDE was conducted as a part of a larger project whose main aims were to strengthen, develop and renew transfers of knowledge and competence between higher education institutions and workplaces, and to strive for a more multidisciplinary quality in workplace innovations...
February 9, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214248/fruit-promoting-smarter-lunchrooms-interventions-results-from-a-cluster-rct
#5
Katherine N Greene, Gnel Gabrielyan, David R Just, Brian Wansink
INTRODUCTION: The Smarter Lunchrooms Movement was developed to provide schools with simple, low-cost solutions to encourage students to make healthier food choices at school. The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of fruit-promoting Smarter Lunchroom interventions on middle school students' selection and consumption of fruits. DESIGN: A 9-week cluster RCT was conducted using a pre-test/post-test control group design in upstate New York in February-April 2014...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214169/protective-misperception-prospective-study-of-weight-self-perception-and-blood-pressure-in-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity
#6
Emily S Unger, Ichiro Kawachi, Carly E Milliren, Kendrin R Sonneville, Idia B Thurston, Holly C Gooding, Tracy K Richmond
PURPOSE: Underestimating one's weight is often seen as a barrier to weight loss. However, recent research has shown that weight underperception may be beneficial, with lower future weight gain and fewer depressive symptoms. Here, we examine the relationship between adolescent weight underperception and future blood pressure. METHODS: Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we obtained a nationally representative sample of 2,463 adolescents with overweight and obesity (students in grades 8-12 in 1996)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214145/effect-of-reduction-mammoplasty-on-acute-radiation-side-effects-and-use-of-lumpectomy-cavity-boosts
#7
Jolinta Y Lin, Rachel Bluebond-Langner, Enid Choi, Sally Cheston, Elizabeth M Nichols, Randi J Cohen, Soren M Bentzen, Cynthia Drogula, Susan Kesmodel, Emily Bellavance, Paula Rosenblatt, Katherine Tkaczuk, Sheri Slezak, Steven J Feigenberg
PURPOSE: Reduction mammoplasty (RM) during breast-conserving surgery is popular among women with large-volume breasts because it reduces redundant breast folds and may decrease skin-related morbidity from radiation therapy. However, RM may obscure the lumpectomy cavity (LC) and pose challenges to administering an LC boost, potentially affecting local control. We investigated the impact of RM on acute side effects and use of LC boosts. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The records of 645 consecutive women treated with whole-breast irradiation at an urban university and 2 community practices between January 2012 and December 2014 were reviewed on an institutional review board-approved study...
January 7, 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214045/factors-affecting-the-willingness-of-nursing-students-to-receive-annual-seasonal-influenza-vaccination-a-large-scale-cross-sectional-study
#8
Kin Cheung, Sin Man Simone Ho, Winsome Lam
Nursing students are at high risk of exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases such as seasonal influenza. However, due to the limited number of studies conducted in this area, the prevalence and factors affecting annual seasonal influenza vaccination (ASIV) uptake remain unclear. This was a large-scale cross-sectional survey study conducted among 902 nursing students in different years of study. The questionnaire was developed based on the Health Belief Model (HBM), and logistic regression was used to determine the predictors of ASIV uptake...
February 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213909/improving-prescribing-practices-a-pharmacist-led-educational-intervention-for-nurse-practitioner-students
#9
Jennifer A Sabatino, Maria C Pruchnicki, Alexa M Sevin, Elizabeth Barker, Christopher G Green, Kyle Porter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess impact of a pharmacist-led educational intervention on family nurse practitioner (FNP) students' prescribing skills, perception of preparedness to prescribe, and perception of pharmacist as collaborator. METHOD: Prospective pre-post assessment of a 14-week educational intervention in an FNP program in the spring semester of 2014. Students participated in an online module of weekly patient cases and prescriptions emphasizing legal requirements, prescription accuracy, and appropriate therapy...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213889/social-emotional-competence-an-essential-factor-for-promoting-positive-adjustment-and-reducing-risk-in-school-children
#10
Celene E Domitrovich, Joseph A Durlak, Katharine C Staley, Roger P Weissberg
Social-emotional competence is a critical factor to target with universal preventive interventions that are conducted in schools because the construct (a) associates with social, behavioral, and academic outcomes that are important for healthy development; (b) predicts important life outcomes in adulthood; (c) can be improved with feasible and cost-effective interventions; and (d) plays a critical role in the behavior change process. This article reviews this research and what is known about effective intervention approaches...
February 18, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213585/fidelity-of-implementation-an-overlooked-yet-critical-construct-to-establish-effectiveness-of-evidence-based-instructional-practices
#11
Marilyne Stains, Trisha Vickrey
The discipline-based education research (DBER) community has been invested in the research and development of evidence-based instructional practices (EBIPs) for decades. Unfortunately, investigations of the impact of EBIPs on student outcomes typically do not characterize instructors' adherence to an EBIP, often assuming that implementation was as intended by developers. The validity of such findings is compromised, since positive or negative outcomes can be incorrectly attributed to an EBIP when other factors impacting implementation are often present...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213584/using-the-biology-card-sorting-task-to-measure-changes-in-conceptual-expertise-during-postsecondary-biology-education
#12
Sarah A Bissonnette, Elijah D Combs, Paul H Nagami, Victor Byers, Juliana Fernandez, Dinh Le, Jared Realin, Selina Woodham, Julia I Smith, Kimberly D Tanner
While there have been concerted efforts to reform undergraduate biology toward teaching students to organize their conceptual knowledge like experts, there are few tools that attempt to measure this. We previously developed the Biology Card Sorting Task (BCST), designed to probe how individuals organize their conceptual biological knowledge. Previous results showed the BCST could differentiate between different populations, namely non-biology majors (NBM) and biology faculty (BF). In this study, we administered the BCST to three additional populations, using a cross-sectional design: entering biology majors (EBM), advanced biology majors (ABM), and biology graduate students (BGS)...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213583/why-work-with-undergraduate-researchers-differences-in-research-advisors-motivations-and-outcomes-by-career-stage
#13
Charles N Hayward, Sandra L Laursen, Heather Thiry
Undergraduate research is often hailed as a solution to increasing the number and quality of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduates needed to fill the high-tech jobs of the future. Student benefits of research are well documented but the emerging literature on advisors' perspectives is incomplete: only a few studies have included the graduate students and postdocs who often serve as research advisors, and not much is known about why research advisors choose to work with undergraduate researchers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213582/a-scale-up-mock-up-comparison-of-student-learning-gains-in-high-and-low-tech-active-learning-environments
#14
Paula A G Soneral, Sara A Wyse
Student-centered learning environments with upside-down pedagogies (SCALE-UP) are widely implemented at institutions across the country, and learning gains from these classrooms have been well documented. This study investigates the specific design feature(s) of the SCALE-UP classroom most conducive to teaching and learning. Using pilot survey data from instructors and students to prioritize the most salient SCALE-UP classroom features, we created a low-tech "Mock-up" version of this classroom and tested the impact of these features on student learning, attitudes, and satisfaction using a quasi--experimental setup...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213581/a-program-aimed-toward-inclusive-excellence-for-underrepresented-undergraduate-women-in-the-sciences
#15
Laura A Katz, Kathryn M Aloisio, Nicholas J Horton, Minh Ly, Sara Pruss, Kate Queeney, Cate Rowen, Patricia Marten DiBartolo
Created to foster inclusive excellence, Smith College's Achieving Excellence in Mathematics, Engineering, and Science (AEMES) Scholars program provides early faculty-mentored research opportunities and other programming as a way to foster success in academic outcomes for underrepresented women in science. Using academic record data, we compared Scholars' outcomes over time with those of underrepresented students before program launch and to relevant peer comparison groups. Since its launch, AEMES Scholars have achieved significantly higher gateway life sciences course grade point averages (GPAs), rates of persistence in life and natural sciences, and participation in natural sciences advanced research relative to baseline...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213530/students-beliefs-in-animal-sentience-no-decline-across-veterinary-education
#16
N Clarke, D C J Main, E S Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213492/peer-leadership-for-pharmacy-students
#17
Brett J Bailey, Brandi L Bowers, Drayton A Hammond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213416/danish-students-visit-edinburgh-vet-school
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213384/impact-of-a-pharmacy-student-driven-medication-delivery-service-at-hospital-discharge
#19
Jacalyn Rogers, Vinita Pai, Jenna Merandi, Char Catt, Justin Cole, Shannon Yarosz, Allison Wehr, Kayla Durkin, Chet Kaczor
PURPOSE: A pharmacy student-driven discharge service developed for patients to reduce the number of medication errors on after-visit summaries (AVSs) is discussed. METHODS: An audit of AVS documents was conducted before the implementation period (September 3 to October 23, 2013) to identify medication errors. As part of the audit, a pharmacist review of the discharge medication list was completed to determine the number and types of errors that occurred. A student-driven discharge service with AVS review was developed in collaboration with nursing and medical residents...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213383/development-of-a-direct-observation-of-procedural-skills-rubric-for-fourth-year-pharmacy-students-in-ambulatory-care-rotations
#20
Sara J Linedecker, Jamie Barner, Jennifer Ridings-Myhra, Aida Garza, Debra Lopez, William McIntyre
PURPOSE: The development and implementation of a pilot program requiring direct observation of procedural skills (DOPS) assessments of fourth-year pharmacy students during ambulatory care rotations are described. METHODS: All fourth-year pharmacy students at the University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy who engaged in a required advanced pharmacy practice experience (APPE) in ambulatory care during the period January-May 2015 participated in a DOPS pilot program...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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