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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245126/geographic-and-social-disparities-in-exposure-to-air-neurotoxicants-at-u-s-public-schools
#1
Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins
Children are especially vulnerable to the health and developmental impacts of environmental hazards and they spend significant portions of their days at school. Yet there are no national-level studies examining school-level environmental inequalities and few have examined disparate exposure to neurological air toxicants, even though chronic exposure to air pollution impacts children's brain functioning. We paired information about the geographic locations and demographics of each public school in the US with air neurotoxicant exposure estimates pertaining to 24 known neurotoxicants included in the US Environmental Protection Agency's National Air Toxics Assessment...
December 12, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245100/student-motivation-stressors-and-intent-to-leave-nursing-doctoral-study-a-national-study-using-path-analysis
#2
Delene Volkert, Lori Candela, Matthew Bernacki
BACKGROUND: The demand for doctorally prepared nurses worldwide is higher than ever. Universities have responded with increased numbers of DNP and Ph.D. in Nursing programs. There are more doctoral nursing students than ever before yet they remain one of the least studied student populations. This is concerning given the high attrition rates reported in doctoral programs. The few studies that do exist are typically qualitative and exploratory in nature. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this national study of Ph...
December 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245090/psychological-distress-and-risk-for-suicidal-behavior-among-university-students-in-contemporary-china
#3
Fang Tang, Majella Byrne, Ping Qin
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress and suicidal behavior are important mental health problems among university students and warrant research to inform strategies for effective prevention in this young population. The present study aimed to assess psychological distress and suicidal behavior and to unravel their associations among university students. METHODS: A total of 5972 undergraduate students, randomly selected from six universities in central China, comprised the sample...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245029/nursing-students-learning-dynamics-and-influencing-factors-in-clinical-contexts
#4
Jung Jae Lee, Charlotte L Clarke, Maggie N Carson
Clinical placements are essential for students to develop clinical skills to qualify as nurses. However, various difficulties encountered by nursing students during their clinical education detract from developing clinical competencies. This constructivist grounded theory study aims to explore nursing students' experiences in clinical nursing education, and to identify the factors that influence the clinical education students receive. Twenty-one individual and six group semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixteen fourth year nursing students and four registered nurses...
December 7, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244968/the-house-of-lords-debates-wound-care-strategy
#5
Paul Browning
On Tuesday 22 November, the House of Lords (London, UK) held a short debate 'Improving the standard of wound care in the NHS.' It consisted of nine questions from the floor and a response from Lord O'Shaughnessy, The Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Health (Conservative). Here, Paul Browning, (Doctoral Research Student, University of Worcester, employed by 3M UK plc) summarises the key points from the evening and explains why it is so important we keep wound care on the Government's agenda.
December 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244832/productivity-impact-and-collaboration-differences-between-transdisciplinary-and-traditionally-trained-doctoral-students-a-comparison-of-publication-patterns
#6
Anna-Sigrid Keck, Stephanie Sloane, Janet M Liechty, Barbara H Fiese, Sharon M Donovan
Transdisciplinary (TD) approaches are increasingly used to address complex public health problems such as childhood obesity. Compared to traditional grant-funded scientific projects among established scientists, those designed around a TD, team-based approach yielded greater publication output after three to five years. However, little is known about how a TD focus throughout graduate school training may affect students' publication-related productivity, impact, and collaboration. The objective of this study was to compare the publication patterns of students in traditional versus TD doctoral training programs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244530/establishing-measurement-equivalence-across-computer-and-paper-based-tests-of-spatial-cognition
#7
Shannon K T Bailey, Alexis R Neigel, Lindsay Y Dhanani, Valerie K Sims
Objective The purpose of the present research is to establish measurement equivalence and test differences in reliability between computerized and pencil-and-paper-based tests of spatial cognition. Background Researchers have increasingly adopted computerized test formats, but few attempt to establish equivalence for computer-based and paper-based tests. The mixed results in the literature on the test mode effect, which occurs when performance differs as a function of test medium, highlight the need to test for, instead of assume, measurement equivalence...
December 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244255/the-values-journey-of-nursing-and-midwifery-students-selected-using-multiple-mini-interviews-year-one-findings
#8
Alison Callwood, Sarah Bolger, Helen Therese Allan
AIM: to explore how adult, child and mental health nursing and midwifery students, selected using multiple mini interviews, describe their 'values journey' following exposure to the clinical practice environment. BACKGROUND: Values based recruitment incorporates assessment of healthcare students' personal values using approaches like multiple mini interviews. Students' experience of adjustment to their values during their programme is conceptualised as a 'values journey'...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244243/metabolic-interaction-between-urea-cycle-and-citric-acid-cycle-shunt-a-guided-approach
#9
Rossana Pesi, Francesco Balestri, Piero L Ipata
This article is a guided pedagogical approach, devoted to postgraduate students specializing in biochemistry, aimed at presenting all single reactions and overall equations leading to the metabolic interaction between ureagenesis and citric acid cycle to be incorporated into a two-three lecture series about the interaction of urea cycle with other metabolic pathways. We emphasize that citrate synthetase, aconitase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase, three enzymes of the citric acid cycle are not involved, thus creating a shunt in citric acid cycle...
December 15, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244211/individuation-in-relation-to-parents-as-a-predictor-of-career-goals-and-career-optimism-in-emerging-adults
#10
Melita Puklek Levpušček, Victoria Rauch, Luka Komidar
The aim of this study was to examine the associations of Slovenian emerging adults' individuation characteristics (in relation to mother and father) with career goals and career optimism. We were interested in contributions of age, gender, certainty of study choice, and individuation dimensions when predicting intrinsic/extrinsic career goals and career optimism. The participants provided self-reports on the Individuation Test for Emerging Adults, the Career Goals Scale and the Career Futures Inventory. The results showed that age did not relate to emerging adults' career goals; however, older students reported lower career optimism than their younger counterparts...
December 15, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244190/self-other-agreement-in-personality-traits-and-profiles-across-cultures-a-multirater-multiscale-study-in-blacks-and-whites-in-south-africa
#11
Velichko H Fetvadjiev, Deon Meiring, Fons J R van de Vijver, J Alewyn Nel, François De Kock
OBJECTIVE: Despite the importance of self-other agreement for the validity of trait models, few studies have assessed cultural differences systematically. We examined self-other agreement in traits and profiles in the more collectivistic Black group and the more individualistic White group in South Africa. METHOD: Participants were 172 Black and 198 White students, and one relative and one friend of each student. Participants completed a behavior-based and a trait-adjective-based inventory...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243803/effect-of-metformin-on-fibrosarcoma-in-hamsters
#12
D J Popović, D Lalošević, D Miljković, K J Popović, I Čapo, J K Popović
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of metformin on an in vivo solid tumor model of fibrosarcoma in hamsters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 33 Syrian golden hamsters of both sexes, weighing approximately 100 g, were randomly allocated to 3 experimental and 2 control groups. 2 x 106 BHK-21/C13 cells in 1 ml were injected subcutaneously into the animals' back in 4 groups. The first experimental group (7 animals) started peroral treatment with metformin 500 mg/kg daily via a gastric probe 7 days before tumor inoculation, the second (8 animals) 3 days before inoculation and the third (6 animals) immediately after inoculation...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243566/for-shawnee-keeping-the-student-and-family-front-and-center
#13
Erin D Maughan, Mayumi Willgerodt
Patient-centered care is a buzzword heard often as part of health care reform efforts. For school nurses patient-centered care means student- and family-centered care. Student-centered care can improve student compliance and actually decrease school nurse workload. This article explains what student-centered means and provides examples of how school nurses can provide student and families-centered care in their communities. Approaches that center on individual students, as well as community cafes will be included...
January 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243565/finding-the-best-evidence-to-support-care-of-students-with-chronic-conditions-clue-2-acquire
#14
Catherine F Yonkaitis, Erin D Maughan
Every day, school nurses make practice decisions that impact the care provided to school children. Our professional standards require that we stay up to date with best practice options, yet there is neither time nor money to attend a continuing education offering for every practice concern we encounter. Learning how to acquire the evidence that leads to best practice can ensure our practice is current and that our students have the best chance to have positive health and academic outcomes. This article explains where to find good evidence and how to access it...
January 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243446/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-schoolchildren-from-north-eastern-italian-population
#15
Andrea Dobbiani, Federico Berton, Giuseppe Perinetti, Fulvia Costantinides, Roberto DI Lenarda
OBJECTIVE: The longitudinal aspect of dental caries has not been previously reported for the Italian population. The primary object of the present study is to collect information of the prevalence of dental decay among the schoolchildren of primary school of Gradisca d'Isonzo (GO) and to analyse the tendency of caries among the students followed since the first year of school. METHODS: Subsequent examinations hold from 2011 to 2015 has been conducted by two calibrated examiners...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243385/assessing-the-impact-of-early-learning-programs-in-africa
#16
REVIEW
Amber Gove, Tracy Brunette, Jennae Bulat, Bidemi Carrol, Catherine Henny, Wykia Macon, Evangeline Nderu, Yasmin Sitabkhan
We present results from early learning programs in six African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Tanzania, and Uganda. In partnership with ministries of education, RTI International has worked within government systems to support the design and deployment of locally contextualized materials, training, and assessment tools, with the goal of improving outcomes for early learners in primary schools, and in Kenya and Tanzania preprimary as well. Here we report on the experience and evidence of impact from specific programs in each country, including summary assessment results when available...
December 2017: New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243377/mindfulness-in-nursing-students-the-five-facet-mindfulness-questionnaire-in-samples-of-nursing-students-in-china-the-philippines-and-south-africa
#17
David Arthur, Doroteo Dizon, Karien Jooste, Zheng Li, Mathew Salvador, Xiuyu Yao
Mindfulness as a clinical strategy for helping manage physical and psychological symptoms is gathering an impressive evidence base. It is also being embraced widely for personal and professional development. As a therapeutic intervention for nurses working across a spectrum of settings, it helps expand practice, and integrating mindfulness in nursing undergraduate and graduate curricula is imminent. In the present study, we outline the development and measurement of mindfulness as a personality trait and therapeutic intervention, and advocate the use of a questionnaire alternative to expensive and impractical laboratory measures...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243309/relevance-of-terrorism-for-italian-students-not-directly-exposed-to-it-the-affective-impact-of-the-2015-paris-and-the-2016-brussels-attacks
#18
Daniela Raccanello, Roberto Burro, Margherita Brondino, Margherita Pasini
Notwithstanding the dramatically increasing frequency of acts of terrorism in Europe and the extent of their media coverage, there is lack of knowledge on people's affective reactions and associated emotion regulation strategies. We explored the affective impact on two cohorts of Italian students (n = 193) possibly exposed vicariously through the mass media to the 2015 Paris or the 2016 Brussels terrorist attacks, respectively. We accessed data from three online questionnaires: one on emotion regulation administered before each attack; one on daily affect administered just before and after each attack; and one on causes of weekly affect and life satisfaction administered at the end of the week in which each attack occurred...
December 15, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243099/autism-and-accommodations-in-higher-education-insights-from-the-autism-community
#19
Jennifer C Sarrett
This article builds on the growing body of research on higher education for autistic students by soliciting input from autistic adults on their higher education experiences and suggestions on making these experiences more 'autism-friendly'. Sixty-six individuals participated in a national exploratory survey and thirty-one participated in follow-up, online focus groups. The article reviews the accommodations individuals received and the accommodations they would have liked to receive. Concrete strategies are provided for institutes of higher education to address the social and sensory needs of autistic students, areas many participants reported being neglected in their academic experience, such as mentors and a neurodiverse space...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243098/bullying-and-identity-development-insights-from-autistic-and-non-autistic-college-students
#20
Danielle DeNigris, Patricia J Brooks, Rita Obeid, Maria Alarcon, Christina Shane-Simpson, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch
Reduced cognitive empathy may put autistic people at risk for bullying. We compared interpretations of bullying provided by 22 autistic and 15 non-autistic college students. Autistic (and non-autistic) students reported less severe bullying in college relative to earlier in development. Chronic bullying was associated with improvements in self-descriptions and self-acceptance. Autistic students who were chronically bullied were more likely to self-identify as autistic when asked to explain their disability...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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