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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668028/reallocating-time-between-sleep-sedentary-and-active-behaviours-associations-with-obesity-and-health-in-canadian-adults
#1
Rachel C Colley, Isabelle Michaud, Didier Garriguet
BACKGROUND: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sleep are positively associated with adults' health, while the association with sedentary behaviour (SED) is negative. Light-intensity physical activity (LPA) is emerging as an independent predictor of improved cardiovascular health. The health impacts of each of these factors have been examined in isolation, but interest has increased in associations between health and movement behaviours collectively. DATA AND METHODS: This analysis examines how reallocating time between movement behaviours is associated with obesity and with self-rated general and mental health...
April 18, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668000/cd-in-codoped-tio-2-nanochips-for-high-efficiency-photocatalytic-dye-degradation
#2
Dongliang Liu, Peng Huang, Yong Liu, Zhou Wu, Dongsheng Li, Jun Guo, Tao Wu
Titanium dioxide has been widely investigated in the field of photocatalysis research. However, the wide bandgap (3.2 eV) greatly limits its practical applications because only ultraviolet light can be absorbed by bare TiO2. Herein, we report a facile approach to prepare Cd/In-codoped TiO2 nanochips with the capability of visible light absorption. Such bimetallic-doped TiO2 was synthesized through a two-step process: Cd/In/S-TiO2 gels were first synthesized by mixing the preformed Cd-In-S supertetrahedral nanoclusters with a titanium source, and the subsequent pyrolytic process effectively converted the gels into Cd/In-TiO2 nanochips with a thickness of ∼2...
April 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667939/a-photochemical-approach-for-a-fast-and-self-limited-covalent-modification-of-surface-supported-graphene-with-photoactive-dyes
#3
Natalia Sergeeva, Alexander N Chaika, Brian Walls, Barry Murphy, Killian Walshe, David Martin, Billy D O Richards, Gin Jose, K Fleischer, Victor Aristov, Olga Molodtsova, Igor V Shvets, Sergey Krasnikov
Herein, we report a simple method for a covalent modification of surface-supported graphene with photoactive dyes. Graphene was fabricated on cubic-SiC/Si(001) wafers due to their low cost and suitability for mass-production of continuous graphene fit for electronic applications on millimetre scale. Functionalisation of the graphene surface was carried out in solution via white light-induced photochemical generation of phenazine radicals from phenazine diazonium salt. The resulting covalently bonded phenazine-graphene hybrid structure was characterised by scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and spectroscopy (STS), Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory (DFT) calculations...
April 18, 2018: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667839/polyoxometalate-based-metal-organic-frameworks-as-visible-light-induced-photocatalysts
#4
Xiuxia Zhao, Shaowei Zhang, Junqing Yan, Landong Li, Guangjun Wu, Wei Shi, Guangming Yang, Naijia Guan, Peng Cheng
Two stable 3D polyoxometalate-based metal-organic frameworks (PMOFs), [CuI 12 (trz)8 (H2 O)2 ][α-SiW12 O40 ]·2H2 O (1) and [CuI 12 (trz)8 Cl][α-PW12 O40 ] (2) (Htrz = 1- H-1,2,4-triazole) based on Keggin-type POMs were successfully obtained and fully characterized. The basic building units of the two PMOFs are [CuI 12 (trz)8 ], but polyoxoanion (POA) template effect leads to different structures and properties: 1 represents an interesting example that [α-SiW12 O40 ]4- locate in the nine-membered Cu-trz rings through Cu···O weak interactions to form a 3D framework, whereas 2 shows a 3D structure constructed from 2D bilayer cationic network [CuI 12 (trz)8 Cl]3+ and [α-PW12 O40 ]3- lying in the adjacent layers via Cu···O weak interactions...
April 18, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667818/balancing-the-electron-and-hole-transfer-for-efficient-quantum-dot-light-emitting-diodes-by-employing-a-versatile-organic-electron-blocking-layer
#5
Xiao Jin, Chun Chang, Weifeng Zhao, Shujuan Huang, Xiaobing Gu, Qin Zhang, Feng Li, Yubao Zhang, Qinghua Li
The electron blocking layer (EBL) is important to balance the charge carrier transfer and achieve highly efficient quantum dot light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). Here we report the utilization of a soluble tert-butyldimethylsilyl chloride-modified poly(p-phenylene benzobisoxazole) (TBS-PBO) as an EBL for simultaneous good charge carrier transfer balance while maintaining high current density. We show that the versatile TBS-PBO blocks excess electron injection into the QDs, thus leading to better charge carrier transfer balance...
April 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667728/comparison-of-10-efficient-protocols-for-photodynamic-therapy-of-actinic-keratosis-how-relevant-are-effective-light-dose-and-local-damage-in-predicting-the-complete-response-rate-at-3-months
#6
Anne-Sophie Vignion-Dewalle, Gregory Baert, Elise Thecua, Fabienne Lecomte, Claire Vicentini, Henry Abi-Rached, Laurent Mortier, Serge Mordon
BACKGROUND: Topical photodynamic therapy is an established treatment modality for various dermatological conditions, including actinic keratosis. In Europe, the approved protocols for photodynamic therapy of actinic keratosis involve irradiation with either an Aktilite CL 128 lamp or daylight, whereas irradiation with the Blu-U illuminator is approved in the United States. Many other protocols using irradiation by a variety of light sources are also clinically efficient. OBJECTIVES: This paper aims to compare 10 different protocols with clinically proven efficacy for photodynamic therapy of actinic keratosis and the available spectral irradiance of the light source...
April 18, 2018: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667677/theoretical-determination-of-adsorption-and-ionisation-energies-of-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-on-water-ice
#7
Eric Michoulier, Nadia Ben Amor, Mathias Rapacioli, Jennifer A Noble, Joëlle Mascetti, Céline Toubin, Aude Simon
In dense interstellar environments, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) are likely to condense onto or integrate into water ice mantles covering dust grains. Understanding the role of ice in the photo-induced processes involving adsorbed PAHs is therefore a key issue in astrochemistry. This requires (i) the knowledge of PAH-ice interactions, i.e. PAH-ice adsorption energies and local structures at the PAH-ice interface, as well as (ii) the understanding of the fate of electrons in the PAH-ice system upon excitation...
April 18, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667675/pre-programmed-self-assembly-of-polynuclear-clusters
#8
Takuya Shiga, Graham N Newton, Hiroki Oshio
This perspective reviews our recent efforts towards the self-assembly of polynuclear clusters with ditopic and tritopic multidentate ligands HL1 (2-phenyl-4,5-bis{6-(3,5-dimethylpyrazol-1-yl)pyrid-2-yl}-1H-imidazole) and H2L2 (2,6-bis-[5-(2-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-3-yl]pyridine), both of which are planar and rigid molecules. HL1 was found to be an excellent support for tetranuclear [Fe4] complexes, [FeII4(L1)4](BF4)4 ([FeII4]) and [FeIII2FeII2(L1)4](BF4)6 ([FeIII2FeII2]). The homovalent system was found to exhibit multistep spin crossover (SCO), while the mixed-valence [FeIII2FeII2] complex shows wavelength-dependent tuneable light-induced excited spin state trapping (LIESST)...
April 18, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667627/propofol-inhibits-hela-cells-by-impairing-autophagic-flux-via-amp-activated-protein-kinase-ampk-activation-and-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-regulated-by-calcium
#9
Xi Chen, Kai Li, Guoqing Zhao
BACKGROUND Propofol has antitumor effects against various cancers. However, the mechanism of action of propofol in HeLa human cervical cancer cells has not been elucidated. MATERIAL AND METHODS We treated HeLa human cervical cancer cells with different concentrations of propofol. Cell viability was evaluated with Cell Counting Kit-8 and apoptosis was analyzed by annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate and propidium iodide staining and flow cytometry. Autophagosome formation was evaluated based on microtubule-associated protein light chain (LC)3 conversion and light chain 3 puncta formation...
April 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667599/sensitive-singular-phase-optical-detection-without-phase-measurements-with-tamm-plasmons
#10
Svetlana V Boriskina, Yoichiro Tsurimaki
Spectrally-tailored interactions of light with material interfaces offer many exciting applications in sensing, photo-detection, and optical energy conversion. In particular, complete suppression of light reflectance at select frequencies accompanied by sharp phase variations in the reflected signal forms the basis for the development of ultra-sensitive singular-phase optical detection schemes such as Brewster and surface plasmon interferometry. However, both the Brewster effect and surface-plasmon-mediated absorption on planar interfaces are limited to one polarization of the incident light and oblique excitation angles, and may have limited bandwidth dictated by the material dielectric index and plasma frequency...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667547/new-markers-for-predicting-fertility-of-the-male-gametes-in-the-post-genomic-age
#11
Savina Dipresa, Luca De Toni, Carlo Foresta, Andrea Garolla
A number of test have been proposed to assess male fertility potential, ranging from routine testing by light microscopic method for evaluating semen samples, to screening test for DNA integrity aimed to look at sperm chromatin abnormalities. Spermatozoa are an extremely differentiated cell, they have critical functions for embryo development and heredity, in addiction to delivering a haploid paternal genome to the oocyte. Towards this goal certain requirements must always be met. The ability of spermatozoa to perform its reproductive function taking place in the spermatogenesis, a highly specialized process depending on multiple factors with effect on male fertility...
April 18, 2018: Protein and Peptide Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667542/multi-objective-optimization-model-of-intersection-signal-timing-considering-emission-based-on-field-data-a-case-study-of-beijing
#12
Weibin Kou, Xumei Chen, Lei Yu, Huibo Gong
Most existing signal timing models are aimed to minimize the total delay and stops at intersections, without considering environmental factors. This paper analyzes the trade-off between vehicle emission and traffic efficiencies on the basis of the field data. First, considering the different operating modes of cruising, acceleration, deceleration, and idling, the field data of emissions and GPS are collected to estimate emission rates for the heavy-duty and light-duty vehicles. Second, multi-objective signal timing optimization model is established based on a genetic algorithm to minimize delay, stops, and emissions...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667496/reducing-prolonged-sedentary-time-using-a-treadmill-desk-acutely-improves-cardiometabolic-risk-markers-in-male-and-female-adults
#13
Rachael B Champion, Lindsey R Smith, Jennifer Smith, Bogdana Hirlav, Benjamin D Maylor, Stephanie L White, Daniel P Bailey
This study evaluated the acute effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with an accumulated 2 h of light-intensity walking on postprandial cardiometabolic risk markers. In this randomised crossover trial, 24 participants (twelve males) aged 18-55 years took part in two, 6.5 h conditions: 1) prolonged sitting (SIT) and 2) sitting interrupted hourly with 20 min light-intensity treadmill desk walking at between 1.2-3.5 km/h-1 (INT-SIT). Standardized meals were provided at 0 h and 3 h. Blood samples and blood pressure measures were taken hourly...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667442/nutraceuticals-shedding-light-on-the-grey-area-between-pharmaceuticals-and-food
#14
Antonello Santini, Ettore Novellino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667368/nanostructured-li-3-v-2-po-4-3-cathodes
#15
REVIEW
Huiteng Tan, Lianhua Xu, Hongbo Geng, Xianhong Rui, Chengchao Li, Shaoming Huang
To further increase the energy and power densities of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), monoclinic Li3 V2 (PO4 )3 attracts much attention. However, the intrinsic low electrical conductivity (2.4 × 10-7 S cm-1 ) and sluggish kinetics become major drawbacks that keep Li3 V2 (PO4 )3 away from meeting its full potential in high rate performance. Recently, significant breakthroughs in electrochemical performance (e.g., rate capability and cycling stability) have been achieved by utilizing advanced nanotechnologies...
April 18, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667365/flexible-and-high-performance-all-2d-photodetector-for-wearable-devices
#16
Jiandong Yao, Guowei Yang
Emerging novel applications at the forefront of innovation horizon raise new requirements including good flexibility and unprecedented properties for the photoelectronic industry. On account of diversity in transport and photoelectric properties, 2D layered materials have proven as competent building blocks toward next-generation photodetectors. Herein, an all-2D Bi2 Te3 -SnS-Bi2 Te3 photodetector is fabricated with pulsed-laser deposition. It is sensitive to broadband wavelength from ultraviolet (370 nm) to near-infrared (808 nm)...
April 18, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667293/enhanced-in-vitro-biocompatibility-and-water-dispersibility-of-magnetite-and-cobalt-ferrite-nanoparticles-employed-as-ros-formation-enhancer-in-radiation-cancer-therapy
#17
Stefanie Klein, Melek Kızaloğlu, Luis Portilla, Hyoungwon Park, Tobias Rejek, Julian Hümmer, Karsten Meyer, Rainer Hock, Luitpold V R Distel, Marcus Halik, Carola Kryschi
Efficient magnetic reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation enhancing agents after X-ray treatment are realized by functionalizing superparamagnetic magnetite (Fe3 O4 ) and Co-ferrite (CoFe2 O4 ) nanoparticles with self-assembled monolayers (SAMs). The Fe3 O4 and CoFe2 O4 nanoparticles are synthesized using Massart's coprecipitation technique. Successful surface modification with the SAM forming compounds 1-methyl-3-(dodecylphosphonic acid) imidazolium bromide, or (2-{2-[2-hydroxy-ethoxy]-ethoxy}-ethyl phosphonic acid provides biocompatibility and long-term stability of the Fe3 O4 and CoFe2 O4 nanoparticles in cell media...
April 18, 2018: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667268/a-molecular-network-for-functional-versatility-of-hecate-transcription-factors
#18
Christophe Gaillochet, Suraj Jamge, Froukje van der Wal, Gerco Angenent, Richard Immink, Jan U Lohmann
During the plant life cycle, diverse signalling inputs are continuously integrated and engage specific genetic programs depending on the cellular or developmental context. Consistent with an important role in this process, HECATE (HEC) bHLH transcription factors display diverse functions, from photomorphogenesis to the control of shoot meristem dynamics and gynoecium patterning. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying their functional versatility and the deployment of specific HEC sub-programs still remain elusive...
April 18, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667248/establishment-of-a-radiotelemetric-recording-technique-in-mice-to-investigate-gastric-slow-waves-modulatory-role-of-putative-neurotransmitter-systems
#19
Huichuan Wang, Zengbing Lu, Yuen Hang Liu, Yayi Sun, Longlong Tu, Man P Ngan, Chi-Kong Yeung, John A Rudd
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Gastric slow waves originating from interstitial cells of Cajal-smooth muscle syncytium are usually studied in culture or in tissue segments, but no studies have made recording of slow waves from conscious freely moving mice. Can radiotelemetry be used to record slow waves, and do they respond predictably to drug treatment? What is the main finding and its importance? Radiotelemetry may be used to record slow waves from conscious freely moving mice permitting an examination of drug action in vivo, which is critical to drug discovery projects characterizing drugs and metabolites on gastrointestinal function...
April 18, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667201/functioning-of-potassium-and-magnesium-in-photosynthesis-photosynthate-translocation-and-photoprotection
#20
Merle Tränkner, Ershad Tavakol, Bálint Jákli
Potassium (K) and magnesium (Mg) are mineral nutrients that are required in large quantities by plants. Both elements critically contribute to the process of photosynthesis and the subsequent long-distance transport of photoassimilates. If K or Mg are not present in sufficient quantities in photosynthetic tissues, complex interactions of anatomical, physiological and biochemical responses result in a reduction of photosynthetic carbon assimilation. As a consequence, excessive production of reactive oxygen species causes photooxidation of the photosynthetic apparatus and cause an up-regulation of photoprotective mechanisms...
April 18, 2018: Physiologia Plantarum
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