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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054099/examining-factors-associated-with-elevated-lie-scale-responding-on-the-child-abuse-potential-inventory
#1
Amanda H Costello, Natalie J Shook, Nancy M Wallace, Cheryl B McNeil
Child maltreatment remains a serious public health issue in the United States. Therefore, it is important to engage in quality control of the assessment, prevention, and treatment services for families affected by maltreatment. Parenting capacity assessments (PCAs) are typically an integral part of service delivery for families affected by maltreatment and can carry serious consequences for the referred parent. The Child Abuse Potential Inventory (CAPI) is a measure that is widely used in PCAs; however, socially desirable responding on the CAPI can serve to invalidate the important information derived from this assessment, as well as lead to negative impressions of the parent...
October 17, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054083/modulation-of-valence-band-maximum-edge-and-photocatalytic-activity-of-biox-by-incorporation-of-halides
#2
Jiaxin Lv, Qingsong Hu, Chengjin Cao, Yaping Zhao
To better know the photocatalytic performance of bismuth oxyhalides (BiOX, X = Cl, Br, I) regulated by incorporation of halides within nanostructures, BiOX nanosheets were synthesized through morphology controllable solvothermal method and characterized systematically. The organic structural property greatly influences the photocatalytic activity of BiOX: 1) as for neutral molecular phenol, BiOX shows photocatalytic activity in the order of BiOCl > BiOBr > BiOI under simulated sun light irradiation, and the photo-oxidation kinetics follow Eley-Rideal mechanism; and 2) for adsorbed anionic orange II (OII) and cationic methylene blue (MB), BiOX shows photocatalytic activity in the order of BiOCl > BiOBr > BiOI, and the photo-oxidation kinetics follow Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanism...
October 1, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054032/constipation-and-other-common-symptoms-reported-by-women-and-men-in-methadone-and-buprenorphine-maintenance-treatment
#3
Paul S Haber, Mahmoud Elsayed, David Espinoza, Nicholas Lintzeris, Anne-Sophie Veillard, Richard Hallinan
BACKGROUND: Opioid substitution treatment (OST) is often continued long-term and, therefore, opioid-associated symptoms are of interest. Symptoms associated with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in men are well described, but there are fewer reports concerning symptoms associated with buprenorphine maintenance treatment (BMT) and very few reports among women. METHOD: Recipients of BMT (n=113) and MMT (n=184), non-opioid users (n=105) and opioid users not receiving OST (n=87) completed the Patient Assessment of Constipation (PAC-SYM) and a general symptom checklist...
October 13, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054029/endocranial-illuminator-a-technique-for-transilluminating-the-skull
#4
Nuttapon Surachotmongkhon, Nawaporn Techataweewan, Robert W Mann
A novel tool, the endocranial illuminator (EI), has been devised to facilitate examination of the interior of the intact human cranium. A number of the endocranial characteristics including cranial thickness, sutural complexities, and foramina are easy visible with this device. The EI enhances the accuracy of anatomical examination of the cranial vault in forensic, archaeological, and historical crania in those cases where they must remain intact. The EI is simple and inexpensive to construct and lightweight so it can be used in the laboratory or easily transported in the field...
October 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054015/synergistic-effect-of-copper-and-arsenic-upon-oxidative-stress-inflammation-and-autophagy-alterations-in-brain-tissues-of-gallus-gallus
#5
Xiao Sun, Jinglun Li, Hongjing Zhao, Yu Wang, Juanjuan Liu, Yizhi Shao, Yuan Xue, Mingwei Xing
Arsenic or copper is one of the most highly toxic pollution that can cause dysfunction to brains, however, the exact mechanism remains unclear. The aim of the study is to investigate the mechanisms of arsenic or/and copper-induced oxidative stress, inflammation and autophagy in chicken brains and elucidate the interactions between arsenic and copper. A total of 72 1-day-old Hy-line chickens were divided into four groups (18 chickens per group) treated with 30mg/kg arsenic trioxide (As2O3) or/and 300mg/kg copper sulfate (CuSO4) for 12weeks...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054009/construction-of-organic-inorganic-cadmium-sulfide-diethylenetriamine-hybrids-for-efficient-photocatalytic-hydrogen-production
#6
Jiali Lv, Jun Liu, Jinfeng Zhang, Kai Dai, Changhao Liang, Zhongliao Wang, Guangping Zhu
The design and control of effective, sustainable, cheap, and reusable photocatalysts are crucial to the development of solar energy conversion to hydrogen (H2) for solving environmental problems. The cadmium sulfide/diethylenetriamine (CdS/DETA) hybrid in a single crystalline structure was achieved by a solvothermal approach. The organic-inorganic CdS/DETA hybrid shows high performance and satisfactory stability for H2 production under visible-light irradiation. The synergetic chemical coupling effect between CdS and DETA leads to a marked increase in the H2 generation rate and the apparent quantum yield...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054006/synthesis-of-hierarchically-meso-macroporous-tio2-cds-heterojunction-photocatalysts-with-excellent-visible-light-photocatalytic-activity
#7
Haixin Zhao, Shu Cui, Lan Yang, Guodong Li, Nan Li, Xiaotian Li
Photocatalysts with a hierarchically porous structure have attracted considerable attention owing to their wide pore size distribution and high surface area, which enhance the efficiency of transporting species to active sites. In this study, hierarchically meso-macroporous TiO2 photocatalysts decorated with highly dispersed CdS nanoparticles were synthesized via hydrolysis, followed by a hydrothermal treatment. The textural mesopores and interconnected pore framework provided more accessible active sites and efficient mass transport for the photocatalytic process...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054002/low-temperature-preparation-of-oxygen-deficient-tin-dioxide-nanocrystals-and-a-role-of-oxygen-vacancy-in-photocatalytic-activity-improvement
#8
Supanan Anuchai, Sukon Phanichphant, Doldet Tantraviwat, Prayoonsak Pluengphon, Thiti Bovornratanaraks, Burapat Inceesungvorn
The introduction of oxygen vacancies (Vos) into tin dioxide crystal structure has been found as an effective method to improve its photocatalytic performance. Herein, oxygen-deficient tin dioxide (SnO2-x) nanocrystals were successfully prepared via a facile, one-step hydrothermal method at the temperature lower than those reported previously. The effect of hydrothermal temperature on phase composition and Vos content was also firstly investigated. Due to its high oxygen vacancy concentration, the SnO2-x prepared at 80 °C provides the best photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange under UV-visible light...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053981/clinical-efficacy-onset-time-and-safety-of-bright-light-therapy-in-acute-bipolar-depression-as-an-adjunctive-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Tian-Hang Zhou, Wei-Min Dang, Yan-Tao Ma, Chang-Qing Hu, Ning Wang, Guo-Yi Zhang, Gang Wang, Chuan Shi, Hua Zhang, Bin Guo, Shu-Zhe Zhou, Lei Feng, Shu-Xia Geng, Yu-Zhen Tong, Guan-Wen Tang, Zhong-Kai He, Long Zhen, Xin Yu
BACKGROUND: Bright light therapy (BLT) is an effective treatment for seasonal affective disorder and non- seasonal depression. The efficacy of BLT in treating patients with bipolar disorder is still unknown. AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine the efficacy, onset time and clinical safety of BLT in treating patients with acute bipolar depression as an adjunctive therapy (trial registration at ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02009371). METHODS: This was a multi-center, single blind, randomized clinical trial...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053958/structure-of-the-dnmt1-reader-module-complexed-with-a-unique-two-mono-ubiquitin-mark-on-histone-h3-reveals-the-basis-for-dna-methylation-maintenance
#10
Satoshi Ishiyama, Atsuya Nishiyama, Yasushi Saeki, Kei Moritsugu, Daichi Morimoto, Luna Yamaguchi, Naoko Arai, Rumie Matsumura, Toru Kawakami, Yuichi Mishima, Hironobu Hojo, Shintaro Shimamura, Fuyuki Ishikawa, Shoji Tajima, Keiji Tanaka, Mariko Ariyoshi, Masahiro Shirakawa, Mitsunori Ikeguchi, Akinori Kidera, Isao Suetake, Kyohei Arita, Makoto Nakanishi
The proper location and timing of Dnmt1 activation are essential for DNA methylation maintenance. We demonstrate here that Dnmt1 utilizes two-mono-ubiquitylated histone H3 as a unique ubiquitin mark for its recruitment to and activation at DNA methylation sites. The crystal structure of the replication foci targeting sequence (RFTS) of Dnmt1 in complex with H3-K18Ub/23Ub reveals striking differences to the known ubiquitin-recognition structures. The two ubiquitins are simultaneously bound to the RFTS with a combination of canonical hydrophobic and atypical hydrophilic interactions...
October 19, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053942/do-elite-breath-hold-divers-suffer-from-mild-short-term-memory-impairments
#11
François Billaut, Patrice Gueit, Sylvane Faure, Guillaume Costalat, Frédéric Lemaitre
Repeated apneas are associated with severe hypoxemia that may ultimately lead to loss of consciousness in some breath-hold divers. Despite increasing number of practitioners, the relationship between apnea-induced hypoxia and neurocognitive functions is still poorly understood in the sport of free diving. To shed light onto this phenomenon, we examined the impact of long-term breath-hold diving training on attentional processing, short-term memory, and long-term mnesic and executive functions. Thirty-six men matched for age, height and weight were separated into three groups [12 elite breath-hold divers (EBHD, mean static apnea best time 371 sec, 105 months mean apnea experience); 12 novice breath-hold divers (NBHD, mean best time 243 sec, 8...
October 20, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053916/in-situ-wrapping-si-nanoparticles-with-2d-carbon-nanosheets-as-high-areal-capacity-anode-for-lithium-ion-batteries
#12
Lijing Yan, Jie Liu, Qianqian Wang, Minghao Sun, Zhanguo Jiang, Chengdu Liang, Feng Pan, Zhan Lin
Silicon (Si) has aroused great interest as the most promising anode material for high-energy-density lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) in the last decade because of its significantly high capacity and low discharge potential. However, its practical application is still hindered by large volume change of Si during cycling, which is more serious in the case of high mass loading. Designing Si anode with high mass loading and high areal capacity by a simple, scalable, and environmentally friendly method is still a big challenge...
October 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053900/hair-coat-properties-of-donkeys-mules-and-horses-in-a-temperate-climate
#13
B Osthaus, L Proops, S Long, N Bell, K Hayday, F Burden
BACKGROUND: There are clear differences between donkeys and horses in their evolutionary history, physiology, behaviour and husbandry needs. Donkeys are often kept in climates they are not adapted to and as such may suffer impaired welfare unless protection from the elements is provided. OBJECTIVES: To compare some of the hair coat properties of donkeys, mules and horses living outside, throughout the year, in the temperate climate of the UK. STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal study...
October 20, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053888/epidemiological-patterns-of-tick-borne-encephalitis-in-lithuania-and-clinical-features-in-adults-in-the-light-of-the-high-incidence-in-recent-years-a-retrospective-study
#14
Daiva Radzišauskienė, Kęstutis Žagminas, Loreta Ašoklienė, Arminas Jasionis, Rūta Mameniškienė, Arvydas Ambrozaitis, Ligita Jančorienė, Dalius Jatužis, Iveta Petraitytė, Evelina Mockienė
BACKGROUND: Lithuania is one of the countries with the highest incidence of TBE in Europe. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological patterns of TBE in Lithuania, and characterize clinical features in adults in the light of the high incidence in recent years. METHODS: Surveillance data available on the website of the Center for Communicable Diseases and AIDS of Lithuania were used to describe the epidemiological patterns of TBE. The retrospective study included 712 patients hospitalized in the Center for Infectious Diseases and the Center for Neurology of Vilnius University in the years 2005-2014...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053859/unexpected-results-when-assessing-underlying-aggressiveness-in-japanese-quail-using-photocastrated-stimulus-birds
#15
J M Caliva, J M Kembro, S Pellegrini, D A Guzman, R H Marin
Aggressive behaviors can affect both animal welfare and productivity. Because the expression of aggressive behaviors is dependent on the quality of the opponent, they reflect relative rather than absolute levels of underlying aggressiveness. This study was aimed to characterize the aggressive responsiveness of photostimulated (14:10 h light:dark photoperiod) adult Japanese quail when interacting with a photocastrated (6:18 h light:dark photoperiod) counterpart in a novel test environment and to assesses interindividual variations...
October 10, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053857/uv-reflection-properties-of-plumage-and-skin-of-domesticated-turkeys-meleagris-gallopavo-f-dom-as-revealed-by-uv-photography
#16
T Bartels, J-H Lütgeharm, M Wähner, J Berk
Reflection and fluorescence properties of feathered and non-feathered body regions of white- and bronze-colored fattening turkeys of various ages were examined by ultraviolet (UV) photography. The examinations were carried out on 20 white-feathered fattening turkeys (B.U.T. 6; 10 males, 10 females) and 20 bronze-feathered fattening turkeys (Grelier 708; 10 males, 10 females) over a period of 21 weeks. The turkeys were photographed once a wk under long-wave UV (UVA) radiation illumination (λ = 344-407 nm) using a digital camera...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053843/effects-of-season-and-distance-during-transport-on-broiler-chicken-meat
#17
V M Dos Santos, B S L Dallago, A M C Racanicci, Â P Santana, F E M Bernal
This research aims to evaluate the microclimate of commercial loads of broiler chickens at different distances in the summer (rainy) and winter (dry) seasons and their effects on meat quality. Twelve broiler loads were monitored with a total of 24 crates per load. Data loggers were used to record temperature and relative humidity. The experiment followed a completely randomized design with 48 treatments in a factorial scheme (2 seasons: rainy and dry) x 2 (distances: short and long) x 12 (positions), with 3 replicates per experimental group...
October 10, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053771/the-cerebellum-in-alzheimer-s-disease-evaluating-its-role-in-cognitive-decline
#18
Heidi I L Jacobs, David A Hopkins, Helen C Mayrhofer, Emiliano Bruner, Fred W van Leeuwen, Wijnand Raaijmakers, Jeremy D Schmahmann
The cerebellum has long been regarded as essential only for the coordination of voluntary motor activity and motor learning. Anatomical, clinical and neuroimaging studies have led to a paradigm shift in the understanding of the cerebellar role in nervous system function, demonstrating that the cerebellum appears integral also to the modulation of cognition and emotion. The search to understand the cerebellar contribution to cognitive processing has increased interest in exploring the role of the cerebellum in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders...
July 28, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053700/come-to-the-light-side-in-vivo-monitoring-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-biofilm-infections-in-chronic-wounds-in-a-diabetic-hairless-murine-model
#19
Alessandra M Agostinho Hunt, Jacob A Gibson, Casandra L Larrivee, Sandra O'Reilly, Svetlana Navitskaya, Julia V Busik, Christopher M Waters
The presence of bacteria as structured biofilms in chronic wounds, especially in diabetic patients, is thought to prevent wound healing and resolution. Chronic mouse wounds models have been used to understand the underlying interactions between the microorganisms and the host. The models developed to date rely on the use of haired animals and terminal collection of wound tissue for determination of viable bacteria. While significant insight has been gained with these models, this experimental procedure requires a large number of animals and sampling is time consuming...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053692/resonance-fluorescence-of-an-ingaas-quantum-dot-in-a-planar-cavity-using-orthogonal-excitation-and-detection
#20
Disheng Chen, Gary R Lander, Edward B Flagg
The ability to perform simultaneous resonant excitation and fluorescence detection is important for quantum optical measurements of quantum dots (QDs). Resonant excitation without fluorescence detection - for example, a differential transmission measurement - can determine some properties of the emitting system, but does not allow applications or measurements based on the emitted photons. For example, the measurement of photon correlations, observation of the Mollow triplet, and realization of single photon sources all require collection of the fluorescence...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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