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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434136/facial-expressions-and-speech-acts-experimental-evidences-on-the-role-of-the-upper-face-as-an-illocutionary-force-indicating-device-in-language-comprehension
#1
Filippo Domaneschi, Marcello Passarelli, Carlo Chiorri
Language scientists have broadly addressed the problem of explaining how language users recognize the kind of speech act performed by a speaker uttering a sentence in a particular context. They have done so by investigating the role played by the illocutionary force indicating devices (IFIDs), i.e., all linguistic elements that indicate the illocutionary force of an utterance. The present work takes a first step in the direction of an experimental investigation of non-verbal IFIDs because it investigates the role played by facial expressions and, in particular, of upper-face action units (AUs) in the comprehension of three basic types of illocutionary force: assertions, questions, and orders...
April 22, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431187/feasibility-of-audio-computer-assisted-self-interviewing-with-color-coding-and-helper-assistance-acasi-h-for-hmong-older-adults
#2
Maichou Lor, Barbara J Bowers
Many older adult immigrants in the US, including Hmong older adults, have limited English proficiency (LEP), and cannot read or have difficulty reading even in their first language (non-literate [NL]). Little has been done to identify feasible data collection approaches to enable inclusion of LEP or NL populations in research, limiting knowledge about their health. This study's purpose was to test the feasibility of culturally and linguistically adapted audio computer-assisted self-interviewing (ACASI) with color-labeled response categories and helper assistance (ACASI-H) for collection of health data with Hmong older adults...
April 21, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427728/with-a-little-help-from-my-child-a-dyad-approach-to-immigrant-mothers-and-adolescents-socio-cultural-adaptation
#3
Peter F Titzmann, Burkhard Gniewosz
Intergenerational adjustment theories suggest that immigrant adolescents may be particularly influential in their families, as they take on family obligations and serve as language brokers. Empirical research in this regard is, however, scarce. One aim of this study was to test whether adolescents' linguistic competence in German adds to the explanation of maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties in Germany. Another aim was to investigate whether the association between adolescents' linguistic competence and maternal socio-cultural adaptation difficulties differs depending on adolescents' involvement in family obligations...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427338/-working-is-out-of-the-question-a-qualitative-text-analysis-of-medical-certificates-of-disability
#4
Guri Aarseth, Bård Natvig, Eivind Engebretsen, Anne Kveim Lie
BACKGROUND: Medical certificates influence the distribution of economic benefits in welfare states; however, the qualitative aspects of these texts remain largely unexplored. The present study is the first systematic investigation done of these texts. Our aim was to investigate how GPs select and mediate information about their patients' health and how they support their conclusions about illness, functioning and fitness for work in medical certificates. METHODS: We performed a textual analysis of thirty-three medical certificates produced by general practitioners (GP) in Norway at the request of the Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration (NAV)...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427021/risk-factors-for-learning-problems-in-youth-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures
#5
Julia Doss, Rochelle Caplan, Prabha Siddarth, Brenda Bursch, Tatiana Falcone, Marcy Forgey, Kyle Hinman, W Curt LaFrance, Rebecca Laptook, Richard Shaw, Deborah Weisbrot, Matthew Willis, Sigita Plioplys
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the risk factors for learning problems (LP) in pediatric psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) and their specificity by comparing psychopathology, medical, cognitive/linguistic/achievement, bullying history, and parent education variables between subjects with PNES with and without LP and between subjects with PNES and siblings with LP. METHODS: 55 subjects with PNES and 35 siblings, aged 8-18years, underwent cognitive, linguistic, and achievement testing, and completed somatization and anxiety sensitivity questionnaires...
April 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425814/verbal-short-term-memory-and-language-impairments-in-cantonese-speakers-after-stroke
#6
Diana Wai-Lam Ho, Anthony Pak-Hin Kong, Nim-Ting Koon
PURPOSE: The study examined the relationship between verbal short-term memory (STM) and language impairment in Cantonese speakers after stroke. It is hypothesised that Cantonese speakers with left-hemisphere (LH) stroke would perform worse than those with right hemisphere (RH) stroke and normal controls. Specific linguistic factors of Cantonese might affect results in the tasks. METHOD: Fifteen participants with LH stroke, 10 with RH stroke and 25 healthy controls were tested with auditory-verbal immediate serial recall (ISR) tasks and auditory linguistic tasks...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425776/development-of-the-aboriginal-communication-assessment-after-brain-injury-acaabi-a-screening-tool-for-identifying-acquired-communication-disorders-in-aboriginal-australians
#7
Elizabeth M Armstrong, Natalie Ciccone, Deborah Hersh, Judith Katzenellebogen, Juli Coffin, Sandra Thompson, Leon Flicker, Colleen Hayward, Deborah Woods, Meaghan McAllister
PURPOSE: Acquired communication disorders (ACD), following stroke and traumatic brain injury, may not be correctly identified in Aboriginal Australians due to a lack of linguistically and culturally appropriate assessment tools. Within this paper we explore key issues that were considered in the development of the Aboriginal Communication Assessment After Brain Injury (ACAABI) - a screening tool designed to assess the presence of ACD in Aboriginal populations. METHOD: A literature review and consultation with key stakeholders were undertaken to explore directions needed to develop a new tool, based on existing tools and recommendations for future developments...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424634/when-the-second-language-takes-the-lead-neurocognitive-processing-changes-in-the-first-language-of-adult-attriters
#8
Kristina Kasparian, Karsten Steinhauer
Although research on multilingualism has revealed continued neuroplasticity for language-learning beyond what was previously expected, it remains controversial whether and to what extent a second language (L2) acquired in adulthood may induce changes in the neurocognitive processing of a first language (L1). First language (L1) attrition in adulthood offers new insight on neuroplasticity and the factors that modulate neurocognitive responses to language. To date, investigations of the neurocognitive correlates of L1 attrition and of factors influencing these mechanisms are still scarce...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424501/translation-and-validation-of-the-greek-version-of-the-female-sexual-function-index-questionnaire
#9
A Zachariou, M Filiponi, P S Kirana
The clinical evaluation of female sexual dysfunctions should be supplemented by validated questionnaires; however, there is no specific instrument available in Greek language. The study was designed to linguistically validate the Greek version of Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI). Ninety-nine healthy women and eighteen women with a sexual dysfunction were recruited through a survey and were asked to voluntarily complete the FSFI questionnaire in Greek (FSFI-Gr) at baseline and after 2 weeks. We assessed validity, internal consistency reliability and test-retest reliability of the FSFI greek version...
April 20, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423797/htp-nlp-a-new-nlp-system-for-high-throughput-phenotyping
#10
Daniel R Schlegel, Chris Crowner, Frank Lehoullier, Peter L Elkin
Secondary use of clinical data for research requires a method to quickly process the data so that researchers can quickly extract cohorts. We present two advances in the High Throughput Phenotyping NLP system which support the aim of truly high throughput processing of clinical data, inspired by a characterization of the linguistic properties of such data. Semantic indexing to store and generalize partially-processed results and the use of compositional expressions for ungrammatical text are discussed, along with a set of initial timing results for the system...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422354/auditory-verbal-experience-and-agency-in-waking-sleep-onset-rem-and-non-rem-sleep
#11
Jana Speth, Trevor A Harley, Clemens Speth
We present one of the first quantitative studies on auditory verbal experiences ("hearing voices") and auditory verbal agency (inner speech, and specifically "talking to (imaginary) voices or characters") in healthy participants across states of consciousness. Tools of quantitative linguistic analysis were used to measure participants' implicit knowledge of auditory verbal experiences (VE) and auditory verbal agencies (VA), displayed in mentation reports from four different states. Analysis was conducted on a total of 569 mentation reports from rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, non-REM sleep, sleep onset, and waking...
April 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420589/associations-between-language-acculturation-age-of-immigration-and-obesity-in-the-mexican-american-mano-a-mano-cohort
#12
Matthew Chrisman, Wong-Ho Chow, Carrie R Daniel, Xifeng Wu, Hua Zhao
INTRODUCTION: As Mexican immigrants to the U.S. become acculturated, they face worsening health outcomes such as obesity. The role of language acculturation in the development of obesity has not been thoroughly examined. METHODS: To examine associations between language acculturation and obesity, data were drawn from the Mexican-American Mano A Mano cohort study. Participants aged 20 years and over (n=18,298) completed baseline questionnaires on socio-demographic and behavioural factors, including physical activity and sitting time...
April 15, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419261/challenges-in-adapting-existing-clinical-natural-language-processing-systems-to-multiple-diverse-health-care-settings
#13
David S Carrell, Robert E Schoen, Daniel A Leffler, Michele Morris, Sherri Rose, Andrew Baer, Seth D Crockett, Rebecca A Gourevitch, Katie M Dean, Ateev Mehrotra
Objective: Widespread application of clinical natural language processing (NLP) systems requires taking existing NLP systems and adapting them to diverse and heterogeneous settings. We describe the challenges faced and lessons learned in adapting an existing NLP system for measuring colonoscopy quality. Materials and Methods: Colonoscopy and pathology reports from 4 settings during 2013-2015, varying by geographic location, practice type, compensation structure, and electronic health record...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416691/neurophysiological-dynamics-of-phrase-structure-building-during-sentence-processing
#14
Matthew J Nelson, Imen El Karoui, Kristof Giber, Xiaofang Yang, Laurent Cohen, Hilda Koopman, Sydney S Cash, Lionel Naccache, John T Hale, Christophe Pallier, Stanislas Dehaene
Although sentences unfold sequentially, one word at a time, most linguistic theories propose that their underlying syntactic structure involves a tree of nested phrases rather than a linear sequence of words. Whether and how the brain builds such structures, however, remains largely unknown. Here, we used human intracranial recordings and visual word-by-word presentation of sentences and word lists to investigate how left-hemispheric brain activity varies during the formation of phrase structures. In a broad set of language-related areas, comprising multiple superior temporal and inferior frontal sites, high-gamma power increased with each successive word in a sentence but decreased suddenly whenever words could be merged into a phrase...
April 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416204/-they-must-understand-we-are-people-pregnancy-and-maternity-service-use-among-signing-deaf-women-in-cape-town
#15
Margaret W Gichane, Marion Heap, Mayara Fontes, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities are at disproportionate risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, however, there is limited information on their pregnancy histories. This mixed-methods study focuses on signing Deaf women whose access to health care may be compromised by language barriers related to their disability. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the pregnancy outcomes and maternity service use of a sample of signing Deaf women of child-bearing age in Cape Town to the population of the Western Cape of South Africa...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414821/constructing-a-biodiversity-terminological-inventory
#16
Nhung T H Nguyen, Axel J Soto, Georgios Kontonatsios, Riza Batista-Navarro, Sophia Ananiadou
The increasing growth of literature in biodiversity presents challenges to users who need to discover pertinent information in an efficient and timely manner. In response, text mining techniques offer solutions by facilitating the automated discovery of knowledge from large textual data. An important step in text mining is the recognition of concepts via their linguistic realisation, i.e., terms. However, a given concept may be referred to in text using various synonyms or term variants, making search systems likely to overlook documents mentioning less known variants, which are albeit relevant to a query term...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414481/word-order-denotes-relevance-differences-the-case-of-conjoined-phrases-with-lexical-gender
#17
Selin Kesebir
This work explores the order of linguistic references to the two genders (e.g., men and women vs. women and men). It argues that a gender is more likely to be mentioned first when it is perceived to have higher relevance in a context rather than lower relevance, and audiences assign stronger relevance to a party when the party is mentioned first rather than second. Studies 1-3 document the current prevalence of male-first conjoined phrases in the public (but not family) domain and link the pattern to historical changes in women's public presence over the 20th century...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414029/how-well-does-capture%C3%A2-translate-an-exploratory-analysis-of-a-copd-case-finding-method-for-spanish-speaking-patients
#18
Wilson A Quezada, Beth A Whippo, Patricia A Jellen, Nancy K Leidy, David Mannino, Katherine J Kim, MeiLan K Han, Julia F Houfek, Barry Make, Karen G Malley, Catherine A Meldrum, Stephen Rennard, Barbara P Yawn, Fernando Martinez, Byron M Thomashow
BACKGROUND: This study tested the properties of a Spanish translation of CAPTURE™ (COPD Assessment in Primary Care To Identify Undiagnosed Respiratory Disease and Exacerbation Risk) with selective use of peak expiratory flow (PEF). METHODS: Analyses of data from the Spanish-speaking cohort of the cross-sectional, case-control study used to develop CAPTURE. Translation procedures included forward and backward translation, reconciliation, and cognitive interviewing to assure linguistic and cultural equivalence...
April 13, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413091/-what-we-have-here-is-a-failure-to-communicate-association-of-preferred-language-with-the-rate-of-psychiatric-consultation
#19
Stephanie G Cheung, Adrienne D Mishkin, Peter A Shapiro
BACKGROUND: In the United States, people with limited English proficiency (LEP) receive poorer medical care than those proficient in English. Few studies demonstrate how linguistic barriers complicate psychiatric care; in consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry, there are no published data about care disparities for patients with LEP or for whom English is not the preferred language (PL). OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if PL affects the psychiatric consultation rate...
February 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411527/development-of-sensitivity-versus-specificity-for-print-in-the-visual-word-form-area
#20
Tracy M Centanni, Livia W King, Marianna D Eddy, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, John D E Gabrieli
An area near the left lateral occipito-temporal sulcus that responds preferentially to print has been designated as the visual word form area (VWFA). Research suggests that specialization in this brain region increases as reading expertise is achieved. Here we aimed to characterize that development in terms of sensitivity (response to printed words relative to non-linguistic faces) versus specificity (response to printed words versus line drawings of nameable objects) in typically reading children ages 7-14 versus young adults as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
April 12, 2017: Brain and Language
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