keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Linguistic

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323607/language-based-inequity-in-health-care-who-is-the-poor-historian
#1
Alexander R Green, Chijioke Nze
Patients with limited English proficiency (LEP) are among the most vulnerable populations. They experience high rates of medical errors with worse clinical outcomes than English-proficient patients and receive lower quality of care by other metrics. However, we have yet to take the issue of linguistic inequities seriously in the medical system and in medical education, tacitly accepting that substandard care is either unavoidable or not worth the cost to address. We argue that we have a moral imperative to provide high-quality care to patients with LEP and to teach our medical trainees that such care is both expected and feasible...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323454/interaction-behaviors-of-bilingual-parents-with-their-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#2
Kristelle Hudry, Lisa Rumney, Nicole Pitt, Josephine Barbaro, Giacomo Vivanti
Given concerns that bilingual exposure might confuse children with disabilities-including autism spectrum disorder (ASD)-bilingual parents may restrict exposure to one language, often the community-dominant language. We investigated a potential consequence of this decision; the possibility that non-native language use might influence parental communicative behaviors during interaction with the child. We recruited 39 parent-child dyads, each with a young child with ASD (mostly boys) and parent/carer (mostly mothers)...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318539/a-revival-of-the-homo-loquens-as-a-builder-of-labeled-structures-neurocognitive-considerations
#3
REVIEW
T Goucha, E Zaccarella, A D Friederici
The core capacity of human language is described as the faculty to combine words into hierarchical structures. This review aims to isolate the fundamental computation behind the language faculty together with its neural implementation. First, we present our central hypothesis by confronting recent linguistic theory with evolutionary arguments: linguistic humaniqueness is reflected in the labeling of word combinations forming asymmetric hierarchical structures. Second, we review the neurolinguistic literature, especially focusing on dual-stream connectivity models...
March 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318415/is-the-hebb-repetition-task-a-reliable-measure-of-individual-differences-in-sequence-learning
#4
Louisa Bogaerts, Noam Siegelman, Tali Ben-Porat, Ram Frost
The Hebb repetition task, an operationalization of long-term sequence learning through repetition, is the focus of renewed interest, as it is taken to provide a laboratory analogue for naturalistic vocabulary acquisition. Indeed, recent studies have consistently related performance in the Hebb repetition task with a range of linguistic (dis)abilities. However, in spite of the growing interest in the Hebb repetition effect as a theoretical construct, no previous research has ever tested whether the task used to assess Hebb learning offers a stable and reliable measure of individual performance in sequence learning...
March 20, 2017: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318390/context-and-goals-suicide-notes-from-a-linguistic-point-of-view
#5
Dariusz Galasiński
The article is a critique of a study of language of suicide notes. It raises the issue of the acontextual approach to language and suggests that suicide notes and their language must be seen within the social context in which they are written. Moreover, the article challenges the assumption that suicide notes have only a representational function. Instead, it argues that they can serve a host of other communicative purposes.
February 8, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316280/predicting-fitness-to-practise-events-in-international-medical-graduates-who-registered-as-uk-doctors-via-the-professional-and-linguistic-assessments-board-plab-system-a-national-cohort-study
#6
Paul A Tiffin, Lewis W Paton, Lazaro M Mwandigha, John C McLachlan, Jan Illing
BACKGROUND: International medical graduates working in the UK are more likely to be censured in relation to fitness to practise compared to home graduates. Performance on the General Medical Council's (GMC's) Professional and Linguistic Assessments Board (PLAB) tests and English fluency have previously been shown to predict later educational performance in this group of doctors. It is unknown whether the PLAB system is also a valid predictor of unprofessional behaviour and malpractice...
March 20, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315157/economic-assimilation-and-skill-acquisition-evidence-from-the-occupational-sorting-of-childhood-immigrants
#7
Marigee Bacolod, Marcos A Rangel
We study the economic assimilation of childhood immigrants to the United States. The linguistic distance between English and the predominant language in one's country of birth interacted with age at arrival is shown to be closely connected to occupational sorting in adulthood. By applying big-data techniques to occupations' detailed skill requirements, we provide evidence that childhood immigrants from English-distant countries who arrived after the primary school years reveal comparative advantages in tasks distinct from those for which (close to) Anglophone immigrants are better suited...
March 17, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314160/difference-in-imaging-biomarkers-of-neurodegeneration-between-early-and-late-onset-amnestic-alzheimer-s-disease
#8
Anne-Laure Aziz, Bernard Giusiano, Sven Joubert, Lauréline Duprat, Mira Didic, Claude Gueriot, Lejla Koric, José Boucraut, Olivier Felician, Jean-Philippe Ranjeva, Eric Guedj, Mathieu Ceccaldi
Neuroimaging biomarkers differ between patients with early-onset Alzheimer's disease (EOAD) and late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). Whether these changes reflect cognitive heterogeneity or differences in disease severity is still unknown. This study aimed at investigating changes in neuroimaging biomarkers, according to the age of onset of the disease, in mild amnestic Alzheimer's disease patients with positive amyloid biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid. Both patient groups were impaired on tasks assessing verbal and visual recognition memory...
February 21, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304117/planning-focus-group-interviews-with-asylum-seekers-factors-related-to-the-researcher-interpreter-and-asylum-seekers
#9
Niina Eklöf, Maija Hupli, Helena Leino-Kilpi
The aim of this article was to discuss factors related to the researcher, interpreter and asylum seekers when planning focus group interviews with asylum seekers. Focus group interview is one of the basic data collection methods in descriptive nursing and health research. It has been used in multicultural research, allowing an opportunity to participate without literacy and to have linguistic and cultural support from other participants. Asylum seekers form a specific, vulnerable group, and the growing number of asylum seekers increases the need for research related to them...
March 17, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303618/australian-mental-health-consumers-and-carers-expect-more-health-management-information-from-community-pharmacy
#10
Jasmina Fejzic, Kathy Knox, Hendrika Laetitia Hattingh, Amary Mey, Denise McConnell, Amanda J Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: To identify the health management information needs of Australian mental health consumers and carers and explore the role of community pharmacy in meeting those needs. METHOD: Interviews and focus groups were conducted with a purposive convenience sample of 74 mental health consumers and carers across three Australian states, representing metropolitan, rural and remote settings, including those with culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Recruitment and interviews continued until data saturation was reached...
March 16, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300936/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-vocal-fatigue-index-vfi
#11
Fabiana Zambon, Felipe Moreti, Chayadevie Nanjundeswaran, Mara Behlau
The purpose of this study was to perform the cultural adaptation of the Brazilian version of the Vocal Fatigue Index (VFI). Two Brazilian bilingual speech-language pathologists (SLP) translated the original version of the VFI in English into Portuguese. The translations were reviewed by a committee of five voice specialist SLPs resulting in the final version of the instrument. A third bilingual SLP back-translated this final version and the same committee reviewed the differences from its original version. The final Portuguese version of the VFI, as in the original English version, was answered on a categorical scale of 0-4 indicating the frequency they experience the symptoms: 0=never, 1=almost never, 2=sometimes, 3=almost always, and 4=always...
March 13, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298701/identification-of-probabilities
#12
Paul M B Vitányi, Nick Chater
Within psychology, neuroscience and artificial intelligence, there has been increasing interest in the proposal that the brain builds probabilistic models of sensory and linguistic input: that is, to infer a probabilistic model from a sample. The practical problems of such inference are substantial: the brain has limited data and restricted computational resources. But there is a more fundamental question: is the problem of inferring a probabilistic model from a sample possible even in principle? We explore this question and find some surprisingly positive and general results...
February 2017: Journal of Mathematical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296527/pragmatics-of-language-and-theory-of-mind-in-children-with-dyslexia-with-associated-language-difficulties-or-nonverbal-learning-disabilities
#13
Ramona Cardillo, Ricardo Basso Garcia, Irene C Mammarella, Cesare Cornoldi
The present study aims to find empirical evidence of deficits in linguistic pragmatic skills and theory of mind (ToM) in children with dyslexia with associated language difficulties or nonverbal learning disabilities (NLD), when compared with a group of typically developing (TD) children matched for age and gender. Our results indicate that children with dyslexia perform less well than TD children in most of the tasks measuring pragmatics of language, and in one of the tasks measuring ToM. In contrast, children with NLD generally performed better than the dyslexia group, and performed significantly worse than the TD children only in a metaphors task based on visual stimuli...
March 15, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294712/frequency-and-chunking-in-derived-words-a-parametric-fmri-study
#14
Alice Blumenthal-Dramé, Volkmar Glauche, Tobias Bormann, Cornelius Weiller, Mariacristina Musso, Bernd Kortmann
In usage-based linguistic theories, the assumption that high-frequency language strings are mentally represented as unitary chunks has been invoked to account for a wide range of phenomena. However, neurocognitive evidence in support of this assumption is still lacking. In line with Gestalt psychological assumptions, we propose that a language string qualifies as a chunk if the following two conditions are simultaneously satisfied: The perception of the whole string does not involve strong activation of its individual component parts, but the component parts in isolation strongly evoke the whole...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293277/on-avoided-words-absent-words-and-their-application-to-biological-sequence-analysis
#15
Yannis Almirantis, Panagiotis Charalampopoulos, Jia Gao, Costas S Iliopoulos, Manal Mohamed, Solon P Pissis, Dimitris Polychronopoulos
BACKGROUND: The deviation of the observed frequency of a word w from its expected frequency in a given sequence x is used to determine whether or not the word is avoided. This concept is particularly useful in DNA linguistic analysis. The value of the deviation of w, denoted by [Formula: see text], effectively characterises the extent of a word by its edge contrast in the context in which it occurs. A word w of length [Formula: see text] is a [Formula: see text]-avoided word in x if [Formula: see text], for a given threshold [Formula: see text]...
2017: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293201/accessibility-of-referent-information-influences-sentence-planning-an-eye-tracking-study
#16
Lesya Y Ganushchak, Agnieszka E Konopka, Yiya Chen
This study investigated the time-course of online sentence formulation (i.e., incrementality in sentence planning) as a function of the preceding discourse context. In two eye-tracking experiments, participants described pictures of transitive events (e.g., a frog catching a fly). The accessibility of the agent (Experiment 1) and patient (Experiment 2) was manipulated in the discourse preceding each picture. In the Literal condition, participants heard a story where the agent or patient was mentioned explicitly (fly, frog)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292791/the-demon-in-deeming-medical-paternalism-and-linguistic-issues-in-the-palliative-care-setting
#17
Melissa Devlin, Vincent Maida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292741/writing-for-health-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-benefit-finding-writing-for-adults-with-type-1-or-type-2-diabetes
#18
Joanna Crawford, Kay Wilhelm, Lisa Robins, Judy Proudfoot
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus is Australia's fastest growing chronic disease, and has high comorbidity with depression. Both subthreshold depression and diabetes distress are common amongst people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, and are associated with poorer diabetes self-care. A need exists for low-intensity self-help interventions for large numbers of people with diabetes and diabetes distress or subthreshold depression, as part of a stepped-care approach to meeting the psychological needs of people with diabetes...
March 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292666/hierarchical-organization-in-the-temporal-structure-of-infant-direct-speech-and-song
#19
Simone Falk, Christopher T Kello
Caregivers alter the temporal structure of their utterances when talking and singing to infants compared with adult communication. The present study tested whether temporal variability in infant-directed registers serves to emphasize the hierarchical temporal structure of speech. Fifteen German-speaking mothers sang a play song and told a story to their 6-months-old infants, or to an adult. Recordings were analyzed using a recently developed method that determines the degree of nested clustering of temporal events in speech...
March 11, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291635/awareness-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-among-the-general-population-of-the-lorraine-region-of-france
#20
F Arous, J-M Boivin, A Chaouat, C Rumeau, R Jankowski, D T Nguyen
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) seems to be underdiagnosed. The aim of this study was to assess awareness of OSAHS among the general population of the Lorraine Region of France. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological study was carried out from July to November 2015 in the Lorraine Region, using an anonymous questionnaire that assessed knowledge of OSAHS-related symptoms and complications. The survey was also circulated on the Internet via social media...
March 10, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
keyword
keyword
97054
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"