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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342232/informational-and-linguistic-analysis-of-large-genomic-sequence-collections-via-efficient-hadoop-cluster-algorithms
#1
Umberto Ferraro Petrillo, Gianluca Roscigno, Giuseppe Cattaneo, Raffaele Giancarlo
Motivation: Information theoretic and compositional/linguistic analysis of genomes have a central role in bioinformatics, even more so since the associated methodologies are becoming very valuable also for epigenomic and meta-genomic studies. The kernel of those methods is based on the collection of k-mer statistics, i.e., how many times each k-mer in {A;C; G; T}k occurs in a DNA sequence. Although this problem is computationally very simple and efficiently solvable on a conventional computer, the sheer amount of data available now in applications demands to resort to parallel and distributed computing...
January 12, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341386/at-the-core-of-reasoning-dissociating-deductive-and-non-deductive-load
#2
John P Coetzee, Martin M Monti
In recent years, neuroimaging methods have been used to investigate how the human mind carries out deductive reasoning. According to some, the neural substrate of language is integral to deductive reasoning. According to others, deductive reasoning is supported by a language-independent distributed network including left frontopolar and frontomedial cortices. However, it has been suggested that activity in these frontal regions might instead reflect non-deductive factors such as working memory load and general cognitive difficulty...
January 16, 2018: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341346/a-systematic-review-and-classification-of-interventions-for-speech-sound-disorder-in-preschool-children
#3
REVIEW
Yvonne Wren, Sam Harding, Juliet Goldbart, Sue Roulstone
BACKGROUND: Multiple nterventions have been developed to address speech sound disorder (SSD) in children. Many of these have been evaluated but the evidence for these has not been considered within a model which categorizes types of intervention. The opportunity to carry out a systematic of interventions for SSD arose as part of a larger scale study of interventions for primary speech and language impairment in preschool children. AIMS: To review systematically the evidence for interventions for SSD in preschool children and to categorize them within a classification of interventions for SSD...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340511/-a-critical-examination-of-public-policies-related-to-indigenous-health-traditional-medicine-and-interculturality-in-mexico-1990-2016
#4
Roberto Campos Navarro, Edith Yesenia Peña Sánchez, Alfredo Paulo Maya
Over the last 26 years, the Mexican government has developed a number of activities and discourses around what has been called "intercultural health," directed especially at indigenous peoples in Mexico (some 62, according to linguistic criteria). In this way, the government has built health care institutions (rural centers, clinics, and hospitals) in states like Puebla, Nayarit, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Queretaro, and Jalisco, proposing the implementation of cultural pertinence indicators (which are minimal and inadequate)...
July 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338989/relations-between-self-reported-and-linguistic-monitoring-assessments-of-affective-experience-in-an-extreme-environment
#5
Nathan Smith
INTRODUCTION: Approaches for monitoring psychosocial health in challenging environments are needed to maintain the performance and safety of personnel. The purpose of the present research was to examine the relationship between 2 candidate methods (self-reported and linguistics) for monitoring affective experience during extreme environment activities. METHODS: A single-subject repeated-measures design was used in the present work. The participant was a 46-year-old individual scheduled to complete a self-supported ski expedition across Arctic Greenland...
January 12, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338353/developing-a-tailored-website-for-promoting-awareness-about-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa-among-blacks-in-community-based-settings
#6
Rebecca Robbins, Yalini Senathirajah, Natasha J Williams, Carly Hutchinson, David M Rapoport, John P Allegrante, Alwyn Cohall, April Rogers, Olugbenga Ogedegbe, Girardin Jean-Louis
Blacks are at greater risk for lower sleep quality and higher risk for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) than other racial groups. In this study, we summarize the development of a tailored website including visuals, key messages, and video narratives, to promote awareness about sleep apnea among community-dwelling blacks. We utilized mixed methods, including in-depth interviews, usability-testing procedures, and brief surveys (n = 9, 55% female, 100% black, average age 38.5 years). Themes from the qualitative analysis illuminated varied knowledge regarding OSA symptoms and prevalent self-reported experience with sleep disturbance and OSA symptoms (e...
January 17, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336010/the-unique-role-of-executive-function-skills-in-predicting-hong-kong-kindergarteners-reading-comprehension
#7
Yingyi Liu, Huilin Sun, Dan Lin, Hong Li, Susanna Siu-Sze Yeung, Terry Tin-Yau Wong
BACKGROUND: Word reading and linguistic comprehension skills are two crucial components in reading comprehension, according to the Simple View of Reading (SVR). Some researchers have posited that a third component should be involved in reading and understanding texts, namely executive function (EF) skills. AIM: This study was novel in two ways. Not only did we tested EF skills as a predictor of reading comprehension in a non-alphabetic language (i.e., Chinese) to extend the theoretical model of SVR, we also examined reading comprehension further in kindergarten children (age 5) in Hong Kong, in the attempt to reveal possible early precursors of reading comprehension...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332530/reconciliation-of-patient-doctor-vocabulary-in-a-structured-resource
#8
Mike Donald Tapi Nzali, Jérôme Aze, Sandra Bringay, Christian Lavergne, Caroline Mollevi, Thomas Optiz
Today, social media is increasingly used by patients to openly discuss their health. Mining automatically such data is a challenging task because of the non-structured nature of the text and the use of many abbreviations and the slang terms. Our goal is to use Patient Authored Text to build a French Consumer Health Vocabulary on breast cancer field, by collecting various kinds of non-experts' expressions that are related to their diseases and then compare them to biomedical terms used by health care professionals...
January 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331824/effects-of-subject-case-marking-on-agreement-processing-erp-evidence-from-basque
#9
Wing-Yee Chow, Andrew Nevins, Manuel Carreiras
Previous cross-linguistic research has found that comprehenders are immediately sensitive to various kinds of agreement violations across languages. We focused on Basque, a verb-final ergative language with both subject-verb (SV) and object-verb (OV) agreement. We compared the effects of SV agreement violations on comprehenders' event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in transitive sentences (where OV agreement is present, and the subject is ergative) and intransitive sentences (where OV agreement is absent, and the subject is absolutive)...
December 20, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324761/cross-linguistic-regularities-and-learner-biases-reflect-core-mechanics
#10
Brent Strickland, Emmanuel Chemla
Recent research in infant cognition and adult vision suggests that the mechanical object relationships may be more salient and naturally attention grabbing than similar but non-mechanical relationships. Here we examine two novel sources of evidence from language related to this hypothesis. In Experiments 1 and 2, we show that adults preferentially infer that the meaning of a novel preposition refers to a mechanical as opposed to a non-mechanical relationship. Experiments 3 and 4 examine cross-linguistic adpositions obtained on a large scale from machines or from experts, respectively...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324240/cognitive-science-in-the-era-of-artificial-intelligence-a-roadmap-for-reverse-engineering-the-infant-language-learner
#11
Emmanuel Dupoux
Spectacular progress in the information processing sciences (machine learning, wearable sensors) promises to revolutionize the study of cognitive development. Here, we analyse the conditions under which 'reverse engineering' language development, i.e., building an effective system that mimics infant's achievements, can contribute to our scientific understanding of early language development. We argue that, on the computational side, it is important to move from toy problems to the full complexity of the learning situation, and take as input as faithful reconstructions of the sensory signals available to infants as possible...
January 8, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324074/synchronization-of-electrophysiological-responses-with-speech-benefits-syntactic-information-processing
#12
Lars Meyer, Matthias Gumbert
In auditory neuroscience, electrophysiological synchronization to low-level acoustic and high-level linguistic features is well established-but its functional purpose for verbal information transmission is unclear. Based on prior evidence for a dependence of auditory task performance on delta-band oscillatory phase, we hypothesized that the synchronization of electrophysiological responses at delta-band frequency to the speech stimulus serves to implicitly align neural excitability with syntactic information...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321706/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-multiple-sclerosis-related-symptom-checklist
#13
Zeliha Tülek, Cansu Polat, Murat Kürtüncü, Mefkure Eraksoy
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes different symptoms in each attack and has an individual-specific course. Detailed questioning and recording of MS symptoms is important for developing a management plan for individual-specific symptoms. The present study was planned to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of "Multiple Sclerosis-Related Symptom Checklist" (MS-RS), which has been developed for patients to personally follow-up the symptoms they experience...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319739/translation-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-diabetes-attitudes-scale-third-version-into-brazilian-portuguese
#14
Gisele de Lacerda Chaves Vieira, Adriana Silvino Pagano, Ilka Afonso Reis, Júlia Santos Nunes Rodrigues, Heloísa de Carvalho Torres
OBJECTIVE: to perform the translation, adaptation and validation of the Diabetes Attitudes Scale - third version instrument into Brazilian Portuguese. METHODS: methodological study carried out in six stages: initial translation, synthesis of the initial translation, back-translation, evaluation of the translated version by the Committee of Judges (27 Linguists and 29 health professionals), pre-test and validation. The pre-test and validation (test-retest) steps included 22 and 120 health professionals, respectively...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319602/an-interactional-profile-to-assist-the-differential-diagnosis-of-neurodegenerative-and-functional-memory-disorders
#15
Markus Reuber, Daniel J Blackburn, Chris Elsey, Sarah Wakefield, Kerry A Ardern, Kirsty Harkness, Annalena Venneri, Danielle Jones, Chloe Shaw, Paul Drew
OBJECTIVE: Specialist services for dementia are seeing an increasing number of patients. We investigated whether interactional and linguistic features in the communication behavior of patients with memory problems could help distinguish between those with problems secondary to neurological disorders (ND) and those with functional memory disorder (FMD). METHODS: In part 1 of this study, a diagnostic scoring aid (DSA) was developed encouraging linguists to provide quantitative ratings for 14 interactional features...
January 9, 2018: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318680/transgendered-and-re-flected-borrowed-greek-nouns-in-anatomical-latin
#16
Paul E Neumann
In this survey, almost thirty borrowed words in anatomical Latin were found to differ from the original Greek noun in gender and/or inflection. A third of these cases were judged to be errors. The rest are long-standing or widely-accepted exceptions to the usual adoption rules for borrowed Greek words. Possible linguistic explanations for these exceptions are presented. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
January 10, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316760/-analysis-on-occupational-noise-induced-hearing-loss-of-different-type-workers-in-underground-mining
#17
Q C Liu, C H Duo, Z Wang, K Yan, J Zhang, W Xiong, M Zhu
Objective: To investigate hearing loss status of blasters, drillers mechanics and so on in underground mining, and put forward suggestion diagnosis of occupational explosive deafness and occupational deafness. Methods: Underground excavation workers in a metal mine were recruited in this study, those with a history of ear disease and non-occupational deafness were all excluded. Finally, the features of pure tone audiometry of 459 noise-exposed workers were analyzed. Results: High-frequency hearing loss occurred on 351workers and the positive detection rate was 74...
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315609/validity-and-reliability-of-a-malay-version-of-the-lawton-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-scale-among-the-malay-speaking-elderly-in-malaysia
#18
Masne Kadar, Suhaili Ibrahim, Nor Afifi Razaob, Siaw Chui Chai, Dzalani Harun
BACKGROUND/AIM: The Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale is a tool often used to assess independence among elderly at home. Its suitability to be used with the elderly population in Malaysia has not been validated. This current study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale - Malay Version to Malay speaking elderly in Malaysia. METHODS: This study was divided into three phases: (1) translation and linguistic validity involving both forward and backward translations; (2) establishment of face validity and content validity; and (3) establishment of reliability involving inter-rater, test-retest and internal consistency analyses...
January 9, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315207/involving-people-who-self-harm-in-research-design
#19
Sandra Walker
BACKGROUND: Involving service users in mental health research is expected in the United Kingdom. PURPOSE: This report outlines the process of exploring a proposed research project with a group of service users. The proposed research project is part of a doctoral pathway that was designed to explore the experiences in a general hospital of people who were admitted with self-harm in terms of their contact with mental health services. METHODS: A consultation event was held where the researcher outlined the proposed format of the project and the expected aims and outcomes...
February 2018: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314421/cognate-effects-and-cognitive-control-in-patients-with-parallel-and-differential-bilingual-aphasia
#20
Lize Van der Linden, Nele Verreyt, Miet De Letter, Dimitri Hemelsoet, Peter Mariën, Patrick Santens, Michaël Stevens, Arnaud Szmalec, Wouter Duyck
BACKGROUND: Until today, there is no satisfying explanation for why one language may recover worse than another in differential bilingual aphasia. One potential explanation that has been largely unexplored is that differential aphasia is the consequence of a loss of language control rather than a loss of linguistic representations. Language control is part of a general control mechanism that also manages non-linguistic cognitive control. If this system is impaired, patients with differential aphasia could still show bilingual language activation, but they may be unable to manage activation in non-target languages, so that performance in another language is hindered...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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