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A M Abdelkader, D J Fray
Chemically-doped graphenes are promising electrode materials for energy storage and electrosorption applications. Here, an affordable electrochemical green process is introduced to dope graphene with nitrogen. The process is based on reversing the polarity of two identical graphene oxide (GO) electrodes in molten KCl-LiCl-Li3N. During the cathodic step, the oxygen functional groups on the GO surface are removed through direct electro-deoxidation reactions or a reaction with the deposited lithium. In the anodic step, nitrogen is adsorbed onto the surface of graphene and subsequently reacts to form nitrogen-doped graphene...
September 20, 2017: Nanoscale
André Luiz Pereira, Raphael Tobias de Vasconcelos Barros, Sandra Rosa Pereira
Pharmacopollution is a public health and environmental outcome of some active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) and endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDC) dispersed through water and/or soil. Its most important sources are the pharmaceutical industry, healthcare facilities (e.g., hospitals), livestock, aquaculture, and households (patients' excretion and littering). The last source is the focus of this article. Research questions are "What is the Household Waste Medicine (HWM) phenomenon?", "How HWM and pharmacopollution are related?", and "Why is a reverse logistic system necessary for HWM in Brazil?" This article followed the seven steps proposed by Rother (2007) for a systematic review based on the Cochrane Handbook and the National Health Service (NHS) Center for Reviews Dissemination (CDR) Report...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Chao Tian, Bethann S Hromatka, Amy K Kiefer, Nicholas Eriksson, Suzanne M Noble, Joyce Y Tung, David A Hinds
Infectious diseases have a profound impact on our health and many studies suggest that host genetics play a major role in the pathogenesis of most of them. We perform 23 genome-wide association studies for common infections and infection-associated procedures, including chickenpox, shingles, cold sores, mononucleosis, mumps, hepatitis B, plantar warts, positive tuberculosis test results, strep throat, scarlet fever, pneumonia, bacterial meningitis, yeast infections, urinary tract infections, tonsillectomy, childhood ear infections, myringotomy, measles, hepatitis A, rheumatic fever, common colds, rubella and chronic sinus infection, in over 200,000 individuals of European ancestry...
September 19, 2017: Nature Communications
Jihwan Myung, Scott D Pauls
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) is a collection of about 10,000 neurons, each of which functions as a circadian clock with slightly different periods and phases, that work in concert to form and maintain the master circadian clock for the organism. The diversity among neurons confers on the SCN the ability to robustly encode both the 24-hour light pattern as well as the seasonal time. Cluster synchronization brings the different neurons into line and reduces the large population to essentially two oscillators, coordinated by a macroscopic network motif of asymmetric repulsive-attractive coupling...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
Weiqin Jiang, Yifei Shen, Yongfeng Ding, Chuyu Ye, Yi Zheng, Peng Zhao, Lulu Liu, Zhou Tong, Linfu Zhou, Shuo Sun, Xingchen Zhang, Lisong Teng, Michael P Timko, Longjiang Fan, Weijia Fang
Synchronous multifocal tumors are common in the hepatobiliary and pancreatic system but because of similarities in their histological features, oncologists have difficulty in identifying their precise tissue clonal origin through routine histopathological methods. To address this problem and assist in more precise diagnosis, we developed a computational approach for tissue origin diagnosis based on naive Bayes algorithm (TOD-Bayes) using ubiquitous RNA-Seq data. Massive tissue-specific RNA-Seq data sets were first obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and ∼1,000 feature genes were used to train and validate the TOD-Bayes algorithm...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Dana M Lindemann, Matthew C Allender, Marta Rzadkowska, Grace Archer, Lauren Kane, Eric Baitchman, Elizabeth A Driskell, Caroline T Chu, Kuldeep Singh, Shih-Hsuan Hsiao, John M Sykes, Sherry Cox
Snake fungal disease (SFD; Ophidiomyces ophiodiicola) is posing a significant threat to several free-ranging populations of pitvipers. Triazole antifungals have been proposed for the treatment of mycoses in reptiles; however, data are lacking about their safety and efficacy in snakes with SFD. Study 1 investigated in vitro susceptibility, and identified that plasma concentrations >250 ng/ml (voriconazole) and >1,000 ng/ml (itraconazole) may be effective in vivo for SFD. In Study 2, the pharmacokinetics after a single subcutaneous voriconazole injection were assessed in apparently healthy free-ranging cottonmouths (Agkistrodon piscivorus)...
September 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Adele Meron, Christopher McMullen, Scott R Laker, Dustin Currie, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Over 7 million athletes participate in high school (HS) sports annually, with both the benefits of physical activity and risks of injury. While catastrophic cervical spine injuries have been studied, limited data are available characterizing less severe cervical spine injuries in HS athletes. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare cervical spine injury rates and patterns among United States (US) HS athletes across 24 sports over a ten-year period. DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study SETTING: National sample of high schools participating in the High School Reporting Information Online (High School RIO) injury surveillance system...
September 12, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Ming Cheng, Hongsheng Fan, Yingying Xu, Rongming Wang, Xixiang Zhang
Hollow Co2P nanoflowers (Co2P HNFs) were successfully prepared via a one-step, template-free method. Microstructure analysis reveals that Co2P HNFs are assembled from nanorods and possess abundant mesopores and an amorphous carbon shell. Density functional theory calculations and electrochemical measurements demonstrate the high electrical conductivity of Co2P. Benefiting from the unique nanostructures, when employed as an electrode material for supercapacitors, Co2P HNFs exhibit a high specific capacitance, an outstanding rate capability, and an ultralong cycling stability...
September 14, 2017: Nanoscale
Therése Nordström, Manisha Pandey, Ainslie Calcutt, Jessica Powell, Zachary N Phillips, Grace Yeung, Ashwini K Giddam, Yun Shi, Thomas Haselhorst, Mark von Itzstein, Michael R Batzloff, Michael F Good
Peptides offer enormous promise as vaccines to prevent and protect against many infectious and noninfectious diseases. However, to date, limited vaccine efficacy has been reported and none have been licensed for human use. Innovative ways to enhance their immunogenicity are being tested, but rational sequence modification as a means to improve immune responsiveness has been neglected. Our objective was to establish a two-step generic protocol to modify defined amino acids of a helical peptide epitope to create a superior immunogen...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
V V Ryzhkin, K V Lobastov, A V Vorontsova, I V Schastlivtsev, V E Barinov, E K Naumov, L A Laberko
The purpose of the study was to evaluate clinical efficacy of electromyostimulation (EMS) of the crural muscles as part of comprehensive therapy for post-thrombotic disease in patients with residual venous obstruction in the femoropopliteal segment. We carried out a prospective comparative clinical study enrolling patients having endured a fist episode of clinically unprovoked venous thrombosis of the femoropopliteal segment and completed the standard 6-month course of anticoagulant therapy and presenting with ultrasonographic signs of complete recanalization of the proximal venous segments (stenosis of 20% and more from the vessel's initial diameter), as well as scoring 5 points and more by the Villalta scale...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
Hanguang Zhang, Sooyeon Hwang, Maoyu Wang, Zhenxing Feng, Stavros Karakalos, Langli Luo, Zhi Qiao, Xiaohong Xie, Chongmin Wang, Dong Su, Yuyan Shao, Gang Wu
It remains a grand challenge to replace platinum group metal (PGM) catalysts with earth abundant materials for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic media, which is crucial for large-scale deployment of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). Here, we report a high-performance atomic Fe catalyst derived from chemically Fe-doped zeolitic imidazo-late frameworks (ZIFs) by directly bonding Fe ions to imidazolate ligands within 3D frameworks. Although the ZIF was iden-tified as a promising precursor, the new synthetic chemistry enables well-dispersed atomic Fe sites embedded into porous carbon without the formation of aggregates...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Jennifer F Bobb, Amy K Lee, Gwen T Lapham, Malia Oliver, Evette Ludman, Carol Achtmeyer, Rebecca Parrish, Ryan M Caldeiro, Paula Lozano, Julie E Richards, Katharine A Bradley
Alcohol use is a major cause of disability and death worldwide. To improve prevention and treatment addressing unhealthy alcohol use, experts recommend that alcohol-related care be integrated into primary care (PC). However, few healthcare systems do so. To address this gap, implementation researchers and clinical leaders at Kaiser Permanente Washington partnered to design a high-quality Program of Sustained Patient-centered Alcohol-related Care (SPARC). Here, we describe the SPARC pilot implementation, evaluate its effectiveness within three large pilot sites, and describe the qualitative findings on barriers and facilitators...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
JuKyung Lee, Hobin Jeong, Rodrigo Lassarote Lavall, Ahmed Busnaina, Younglae Kim, Yung Joon Jung, HeaYeon Lee
We demonstrate a simple and efficient one-step procedure for synthesizing a solid state polypyrrole (PPy) thin film for supercapacitor applications using alternating current impedance spectroscopy. By controlling the frequency and amplitude we were able to create unique PPy nano/microstructures with a particular morphology of the loop. Our PPy micro/nanosphere shows extremely high capacitance of 568 F/g, which is close to the theoretical value of 620 F/g and 20-100% higher than that of other reported PPy electrodes...
September 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mitch J Duncan, Wendy J Brown, W Kerry Mummery, Corneel Vandelanotte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Soshi Suzuki, Toshiki Takamizawa, Arisa Imai, Akimasa Tsujimoto, Keiichi Sai, Masayuki Takimoto, Wayne W Barkmeier, Mark A Latta, Masashi Miyazaki
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the enamel bond durability of universal adhesives in the self-etch mode under 2-year water storage and thermal cycling conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three commercially available universal adhesives and a gold standard two-step self-etch adhesive were used. Ten specimens of bovine enamel were prepared per test group, and shear bond strength (SBS) was measured to determine the bonding durability after thermal cycling (TC) or long-term water storage (WS)...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
Andrew Z Haddad, Steve P Cronin, Mark S Mashuta, Robert M Buchanan, Craig A Grapperhaus
In this study, we report the electrocatalytic behavior of the neutral, monomeric Cu(II) complex of diacetyl-bis(N-4-methyl-3-thiosemicarbazonato), CuL(1), for metal-assisted ligand-centered hydrogen evolution in acetonitrile and dimethylformamide. CuL(1) displays a maximum turnover frequency (TOF) of 10 000 s(-1) in acetonitrile and 5100 s(-1) in dimethylformamide at an overpotential of 0.80 and 0.76 V, respectively. The rate law is first-order in catalyst and second-order in proton concentration. Gas analysis from controlled potential electrolysis confirms CuL(1) as an electrocatalyst to produce H2 with a minimum Faradaic efficiency of 81% and turnover numbers as high as 73 while showing no sign of degradation over 23 h...
August 31, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
M Ryan Mason, Melinda J Ickes, Marilyn S Campbell, Lance M Bollinger
Although physical activity (PA) is associated with decreased risk of chronic diseases, fewer than half of American adults meet the recommendations for daily PA, in part, due to large amounts of sedentary time in the workplace. PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of an incentivized workplace PA intervention. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort design. SETTING: Large southeastern university. PARTICIPANTS: Of the 16 588 eligible employees working ≥8 h/wk, 6246 (37...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Tatsuhiko Naito, Yu Nagashima, Kenichiro Taira, Naohiro Uchio, Shoji Tsuji, Jun Shimizu
BACKGROUND: The morphometric analysis of myelinated nerve fibers of peripheral nerves in cross-sectional optical microscopic images is valuable. Several automated methods for nerve fiber identification and segmentation have been reported. This paper presents a new method that uses a deep learning model of a convolutional neural network (CNN). We tested it for human sural nerve biopsy images. METHODS: The method comprises four steps: normalization, clustering segmentation, myelinated nerve fiber identification, and clump splitting...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Bo Peng, Karol Kowalski
The representation and storage of two-electron integral tensors are vital in large-scale applications of accurate electronic structure methods. Low-rank representation and efficient storage strategy of integral tensors can significantly reduce the numerical overhead and consequently time-to-solution of these methods. In this work, by combining pivoted incomplete Cholesky decomposition (CD) with a follow-up truncated singular vector decomposition (SVD), we develop a decomposition strategy to approximately represent the two-electron integral tensor in terms of low-rank vectors...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
D A L Lourenco, B O Fragomeni, H L Bradford, I R Menezes, J B S Ferraz, I Aguilar, S Tsuruta, I Misztal
We investigated the importance of SNP weighting in populations with 2,000 to 25,000 genotyped animals. Populations were simulated with two effective sizes (20 or 100) and three numbers of QTL (10, 50 or 500). Pedigree information was available for six generations; phenotypes were recorded for the four middle generations. Animals from the last three generations were genotyped for 45,000 SNP. Single-step genomic BLUP (ssGBLUP) and weighted ssGBLUP (WssGBLUP) were used to estimate genomic EBV using a genomic relationship matrix (G)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Zeitschrift Für Tierzüchtung und Züchtungsbiologie
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