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erythropoietin, bdnf

Asli Memisoglu, Meltem Kolgazi, Akan Yaman, Elif Bahadir, Serap Sirvanci, Berrak Ç Yeğen, Eren Ozek
Neonatal unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia might cause severe bilirubin neurotoxicity in especially hemolytic conditions. The study aimed to elucidate the potential neuroprotective effects of erythropoietin (EPO) in hemolysis-induced hyperbilirubinemia. In newborn rats, hyperbilirubinemia secondary to hemolysis was induced by injecting with phenylhydrazine hydrochloride (PHZ) and rats were injected with either vehicle or EPO. At 54th hour of the PHZ injection, rats were decapitated. Serum levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-10, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and S100-B and brain malondialdehyde, glutathione levels and myeloperoxidase activities were measured...
December 19, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Alma Y Galvez-Contreras, Tania Campos-Ordonez, Veronica Lopez-Virgen, Jesus Gomez-Plascencia, Rodrigo Ramos-Zuniga, Oscar Gonzalez-Perez
The psychiatric disorders are one of the most disabling illnesses in the world and represent a major problem for public health. These disorders are characterized by neuroanatomical or biochemical changes and it has been suggested that such changes may be due to inadequate neurodevelopment. Diverse alterations in the gene expression and/or serum level of specific growth factors have been implicated in the etiology, symptoms and progression of some psychiatric disorders. Herein, we summarize the latest information regarding the role of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), Insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), neuroregulin-1 (NGR-1), erythropoietin (EPO), vascular growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), nerve growth factor (NGF) and others cytokines in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, depression, bipolar and anxiety disorders...
December 2016: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
M I Khairallah, L A Kassem, N A Yassin, M A Gamal el Din, M Zekri, M Attia
UNLABELLED: Neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) are characterized by progressive cognitive dysfunction and memory loss. There is deposition of amyloid plaques in the brain and subsequent neuronal loss. Neuroinflammation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of AD. There is still no effective curative therapy for these patients. One promising strategy involves the stimulation of endogenous stem cells. This study investigated the therapeutic effect of erythropoietin (EPO) in neurogenesis, and proved its manipulation of the endogenous mesenchymal stem cells in model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced neuroinflammation...
March 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
Zhankui Jia, Rui Xue, Shengli Ma, Jingjing Xu, Si Guo, Songchao Li, Erwei Zhang, Jun Wang, Jinjian Yang
Aging is a natural process accompanied with many disorders, including the memory decline. The underlying mechanisms for the age-related memory decline are complicated. Previous work suggested that oxidative stress, inflammatory disturbance, and the neurotropic absence play important roles in the age-related disorders. Thus, to seek a drug to target those abnormalities might be a possible protective approach for aging. Here, we reported that supplements with exogenous erythropoietin (EPO) for 4 weeks could partially rescue the spatial and fear memory impairments in aged rats...
October 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Ping Wang, Fei Xia
Neurotrophic factor decreased in the early stage of diabetic retinal nerve cells. Neurons damage brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and receptor TrkB expression reduced. Erythropoietin (EPO) plays an important role in protecting early diabetic retinopathy. The rats were euthanized at 24 h after EPO vitreous injection and the retina was separated. HE staining was applied to observe the pathological tissue morphology. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blot were used to detect BDNF, TrkB, extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), and glial fibrillary acidic portein (GFAP) expression...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Maj Vinberg, Kamilla Miskowiak, Pernille Hoejman, Maria Pedersen, Lars Vedel Kessing
UNLABELLED: The study aims to investigate the effect of repeated infusions of recombinant erythropoietin (EPO) on plasma brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in patients with affective disorders. In total, 83 patients were recruited: 40 currently depressed patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) (Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17 items (HDRS-17) score >17) (study 1) and 43 patients with bipolar disorder (BD) in partial remission (HDRS-17 and Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) ≤ 14) (study 2)...
2015: PloS One
Amara Larpthaveesarp, Donna M Ferriero, Fernando F Gonzalez
In recent years, growth factor therapy has emerged as a potential treatment for ischemic brain injury. The efficacy of therapies that either directly introduce or stimulate local production of growth factors and their receptors in damaged brain tissue has been tested in a multitude of models for different Central Nervous System (CNS) diseases. These growth factors include erythropoietin (EPO), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), among others...
April 30, 2015: Brain Sciences
William Almaguer-Melian, Daymara Mercerón-Martínez, Nancy Pavón-Fuentes, Esteban Alberti-Amador, Rilda Leon-Martinez, Nuris Ledón, Susana Delgado Ocaña, Jorge A Bergado Rosado
BACKGROUND: Erythropoietin (EPO) upregulates the mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade, a central signaling pathway in cellular plastic mechanisms, and is critical for normal brain development. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that EPO could modulate the plasticity mechanisms supporting spatial memory recovery in fimbria-fornix-transected animals. METHODS: Fimbria-fornix was transected in 3 groups of rats. Seven days later, EPO was injected daily for 4 consecutive days within 10 minutes after training on a water maze task...
November 2015: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
Nurcan Üçeyler, Nadja Riediger, Waldemar Kafke, Claudia Sommer
Pathophysiologically relevant alterations in cytokine and neurotrophic factor levels have been reported in neuropathy subtypes. We characterized gene expression profiles of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors in nerve and skin samples of patients with neuropathies of different etiologies. We prospectively studied 133 patients with neuropathies and compared data between subtypes and with healthy controls. All patients underwent sural nerve and/or skin punch biopsy at the lateral thigh and lower leg; controls received skin punch biopsies...
January 2015: Journal of Neurology
Lionel Pellegrini, Youssef Bennis, Lionel Velly, Isabelle Grandvuillemin, Pascale Pisano, Nicolas Bruder, Benjamin Guillet
INTRODUCTION: Recent data on newborn animals exposed to anesthetics have raised safety concerns regarding anesthesia practices in young children. Indeed, studies on rodents have demonstrated a widespread increase in brain apoptosis shortly after exposure to sevoflurane, followed by long-term neurologic impairment. In this context, we aimed to evaluate the protective effect of rh-EPO, a potent neuroprotective agent, in rat pups exposed to sevoflurane. MATERIAL AND METHODS: At postnatal day 7, 75 rat pups were allocated into three groups: SEVO + EPO (n = 27) exposed to sevoflurane 2 vol% (0...
July 2014: Paediatric Anaesthesia
Ai Chen, Li-Jing Xiong, Yu Tong, Meng Mao
Hypoxia-ischemia (H/I) brain injury results in various degrees of damage to the body, and the immature brain is particularly fragile to oxygen deprivation. Hypothermia and erythropoietin (EPO) have long been known to be neuroprotective in ischemic brain injury. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has recently been recognized as a potent modulator capable of regulating a wide repertoire of neuronal functions. This review was based on studies concerning the involvement of BDNF in the protection of H/I brain injury following a search in PubMed between 1995 and December, 2011...
March 2013: Biomedical Reports
Shawn Hayley, Darcy Litteljohn
Depression is a common chronic psychiatric disorder that is also often co-morbid with numerous neurological and immune diseases. Accumulating evidence indicates that disturbances of neuroplasticity occur with depression, including reductions of hippocampal neurogenesis and cortical synaptogenesis. Improper trophic support stemming from stressor-induced reductions of growth factors, most notably brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), likely drives such aberrant neuroplasticity. We posit that psychological and immune stressors can interact upon a vulnerable genetic background to promote depression by disturbing BDNF and neuroplastic processes...
2013: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Moussa B H Youdim, Lana Kupershmidt, Tamar Amit, Orly Weinreb
The cascade of neurotoxic events involved in neuronal degeneration suggests that it is naive to think mono-target drugs can induce disease modification by slowing the process of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD). Employing the pharmacophore of rasagiline (N-propargyl-1-R-aminoindan), we have developed a series of novel multi-target neuroprotective drugs, including: (A) drugs [ladostigil, TV-3326 (N-propargyl-3R-aminoindan-5yl)-ethyl methylcarbamate)] with both cholinesterase-butyrylesterase (Ch-BuE) and brain-selective monamine oxidase-AB (MAO-AB) inhibitory activities and (B) iron chelator-radical scavenging drugs (M30) possessing brain-selective MAO-AB inhibitor activity and the neuroprotective-neurorescue propargylamine moiety of rasagiline...
January 2014: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
M Sami El Shimi, Hisham A Awad, Sahar M A Hassanein, Ghada I Gad, Safaa S Imam, Hebatallah A Shaaban, Mohamed O El Maraghy
OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and efficacy of single dose systemic recombinant human erythropoietin (rEPO) in neonates with perinatal hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE), and its effect on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE). METHODS: Forty-five full-term neonates; 30 with perinatal HIE and 15 controls were studied. HIE neonates were randomized into three intervention groups (first 6 h of life): 10 received single subcutaneous 1500 U/kg rEPO at day-1, 10 subjected to hypothermia for 72 h and 10 received supportive care...
September 2014: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
I N Solev, V Yu Balabanyan, I A Volchek, O S Elizarova, S A Litvinova, T L Garibova, T A Voronina
Human recombinant erythropoietin adsorbed on poly(butyl)cyanoacrylate nanoparticles and administered intraperitoneally in a dose of 0.05 mg/kg exhibited a neuroprotective effect in experimental intracerebral posttraumatic hematomas (hemorrhagic stroke) and reduced animal mortality. Human recombinant erythropoietin, native and adsorbed on lactic and glycolic acid copolymer-based nanoparticles, exhibited no antistroke effect on this model. Analysis of reverse transcription PCR products showed that human recombinant erythropoietin adsorbed on poly(butyl)cyanoacrylate nanoparticles more than 2-fold increased the expression of BDNF and NGF neurotrophins in the rat brain frontal cortex and hippocampus...
June 2013: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Meagan Osborn, Nazneen Rustom, Melanie Clarke, Darcy Litteljohn, Chris Rudyk, Hymie Anisman, Shawn Hayley
Depression is a chronic and debilitating condition with a significant degree of relapse and treatment resistance that could stem, at least in part, from disturbances of neuroplasticity. This has led to an increased focus on treatment strategies that target brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), synaptic plasticity and adult neurogenesis. In the current study we aimed to assess whether erythropoietin (EPO) would have antidepressant-like effects given its already established pro-trophic actions. In particular, we assessed whether EPO would diminish the deleterious effects of a social stressor in mice...
2013: PloS One
Odett Kaiser, Gerrit Paasche, Timo Stöver, Stefanie Ernst, Thomas Lenarz, Andrej Kral, Athanasia Warnecke
Activins are regulators of embryogenesis, osteogenesis, hormones and neuronal survival. Even though activin receptor type II has been detected in spiral ganglion neurons (SGN), little is known about the role of activins in the inner ear. An activin-mediated neuroprotection is of considerable clinical interest since SGN are targets of electrical stimulation with cochlear implants in hearing impaired patients. Thus, the presence of activin type-I and type-II receptors was demonstrated immunocytochemically and the individual and combined effects of activin A, erythropoietin (EPO) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on SGN were examined in vitro...
December 2013: Neuropharmacology
Undine E Lang, Stefan Borgwardt
Depression is a multicausal disorder and has been associated with the risk to develop cancer, dementia, diabetes, epilepsy and stroke. As a metabolic disorder depression has been associated with obesity, diabetes, insulin sensitivity, neuropeptide Y, glucose regulation, poor glycemic control, glucagone-like peptide-1, cholezystokinin, ghrelin, leptin, the endocannabinoid system, insulin-like growth factor and gastrin-releasing peptide. As a cardiovascular disease a close relationship exists between depression and blood pressure, heart rate, norepinephrine, sympathetic tone, vascular resistance, blood viscosity, plasma volume, intima thickness and atherosclerosis...
2013: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Moussa B H Youdim
Present anti-PD and -AD drugs have limited symptomatic activity and devoid of neuroprotective and neurorestorative property that is needed for disease modifying action. The complex pathology of PD and AD led us to develop several multi-target neuroprotective and neurorestorative drugs with several CNS targets with the ability for possible disease modifying activity. Employing the pharmacophore of our anti-parkinson drug rasagiline (Azilect, N-propagrgyl-1-R-aminoindan), we have developed a series of novel multi-functional neuroprotective drugs (A) [TV-3326 (N-propargyl-3R-aminoindan-5yl)-ethyl methylcarbamate)], with both cholinesterase-butyrylesterase and brain selective monoamine-oxidase (MAO) A/B inhibitory activities and (B) the iron chelator-radical scavenging-brain selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) A/B inhibitor and M30 possessing the neuroprotective and neurorescuing propargyl moiety of rasagiline, as potential treatment of AD, DLB and PD with dementia...
March 2013: Experimental Neurobiology
Zhi-Yang Chang, Ming-Kung Yeh, Chiao-Hsi Chiang, Yi-Hao Chen, Da-Wen Lu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of EPO in the presence of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-, trophic factor withdrawal (TFW)-, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)-induced toxicity on total, small, and large retinal ganglion cells (RGCs). METHODS: Retinal cells from adult rats were cultured in a medium containing brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and forskolin...
2013: PloS One
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