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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#1
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712519/contemporary-outcomes-of-infants-with-gastroschisis-in-north-america-a-multicenter-cohort-study
#2
Brenna S Fullerton, Cristine S Velazco, Eric A Sparks, Kate A Morrow, Erika M Edwards, Roger F Soll, Biren P Modi, Jeffrey D Horbar, Tom Jaksic
OBJECTIVE: To quantify outcomes and analyze factors predictive of morbidity and mortality in infants with gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical data regarding neonates with gastroschisis born between 2009 and 2014 were prospectively collected at 175 North American centers. Multivariate regression was used to assess risk factors for mortality and length of stay (LOS). RESULTS: Gastroschisis was diagnosed in 4420 neonates with median birth weight 2410 g (IQR 2105-2747)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707849/malnutrition-after-bariatric-surgery
#3
Nicolas Taton, Anne-Laure Borel, Marine Chobert Bakouline, Jérôme Fauconnier, Catherine Arvieux, Fabian Reche
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is a rare but severe complication following obesity surgery. Our objective was to analyze these cases of malnutrition and their management at the Grenoble University Hospital. METHODS: Retrospective data between 2006 to 2016 was analyzed from Department of Medical Information, Severe Obesity Outcome Network, and register of the Department of Artificial Nutrition. Data collected concerned age, sex, anthropometric data, surgical procedures and history of obesity surgery, initial surgical follow-up, delay from surgery, nutritional characteristics, nutritional and surgical management, follow up and outcomes...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702099/strategies-for-early-metabolic-disturbances-in-patients-with-an-end-jejunostomy-or-end-ileostomy-experience-from-a-specialized-home-parenteral-nutrition-hpn-center
#4
Michał Ławiński, Dominika Haraszczuk, Aleksandra Gradowska, Justyna Z Kostro, Agnieszka Bzikowska, Jacek Sobocki
INTRODUCTION: An end stoma syndrome is usually the result of an intentional surgical intervention in the course of staged treatment or a complication of surgery. These patients most frequently suffer from water and electrolyte disturbances, malnutrition syndromes caused by malabsorption of trace elements and/or vitamins, and undernutrition. AIM: To present early metabolic disturbances observed in patients with an end jejunostomy or end ileostomy syndrome on the first day of their hospitalization in a specialist Home Parenteral Nutrition (HPN) center...
2017: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695878/impact-of-biliopancreatic-limb-length-on-severe-protein%C3%A2-calorie-malnutrition-requiring-revisional-surgery-after-one-anastomosis-mini-gastric-bypass
#5
Kamal Kumar Mahawar, Chetan Parmar, William R J Carr, Neil Jennings, Norbert Schroeder, Peter K Small
BACKGROUND: One anastomosis (mini) gastric bypass (OAGB) is believed to be more malabsorptive than Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. A number of patients undergoing this procedure suffer from severe protein‒calorie malnutrition requiring revisional surgery. The purpose of this study was to find the magnitude of severe protein‒calorie malnutrition requiring revisional surgery after OAGB and any potential relationship with biliopancreatic limb (BPL) length. METHODS: A questionnaire-based survey was carried out on the surgeons performing OAGB...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684015/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-measurements-of-phase-angle-and-height-for-age-are-predictive-of-outcome-in-children-following-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#6
L V Marino, R Meyer, M Johnson, C Newell, C Johnstone, A Magee, K Sykes, S A Wootton, J V Pappachan
OBJECTIVE: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are often growth restricted (low weight- and/or height-for-age) which may increase risk of poor post operative resilience. Bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been used to determine body composition in different clinical settings and has been shown to mark differences in nutritional state and clinical outcome. In disease conditions were fluid is not normally distributed it is proposed that raw impedance values and BIS derived phase-angle may serve as prognostic indicators of clinical outcome...
June 28, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680715/actual-5-year-nutritional-outcomes-of-patients-with-gastric-cancer
#7
Ki Hyun Kim, Dong Jin Park, Young Suk Park, Sang Hoon Ahn, Do Joong Park, Hyung Ho Kim
PURPOSE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the rarely reported long-term nutritional results of patients with gastric cancer after curative gastrectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the prospectively collected medical records of 658 patients who underwent radical gastrectomy with curative intent for gastric cancer from January 2008 to December 2009 and had no recurrences. All patients were followed for 5 years. Nutritional statuses were assessed using measurements of body weight, serum hemoglobin, total lymphocyte count (TLC), protein, albumin, cholesterol, and nutritional risk index (NRI)...
June 2017: Journal of Gastric Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679305/iatrogenic-aortic-dissection-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Jia-Chen Li, Xin-Liang Guan, Ming Gong, Hong-Jia Zhang
A 64-year-old female complaining of unrelieved chest pain for 2 days was admitted to the Emergency Room of the Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Beijing, China. After definitive diagnosis, a percutaneous coronary intervention was implemented, but immediately after embedding the stent in the distal area of the right coronary artery, an acute coronary and aortic dissection was found. Cardiologists immediately gave the patient conservative management. At the same time, another smaller stent was immediately embedded in the proximal area of the right coronary artery and plunged into the ascending aorta by 2 mm, with the intention of covering the tear of the dissection...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636832/nutrient-deficiencies-are-common-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#9
Leigh A Frame-Peterson, Robin D Megill, Suzanne Carobrese, Michael Schweitzer
Obesity, defined as a body mass index >30 kg/m(2), is a growing worldwide epidemic currently effecting 1 in 10 adults, with rates as high as 40% in the United States. The only proven long-term treatment of severe obesity on a population level is surgical modification of the gastrointestinal anatomy to induce weight loss, termed bariatric surgery. With adequate physician guidance and appropriate candidate criteria, bariatric surgery is an option for effective long-term treatment of obesity and its related comorbidities...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627353/-ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-diaphragm-structure-and-function
#10
Feifei Wang, Xiaoping Zhu, Shaolin Ma
Diaphragm is the principal respiratory muscle. Diaphragm dysfunction resulting from mechanical ventilation, chronic cardiopulmonary disease, medicine, cardio-thoracic surgery, septic shock and chronic malnutrition predisposes to weaning failure from mechanical ventilation and prolongs intensive care unit (ICU) stay. Traditionally, the method of assessment of diaphragm structure and function was invasive, lacking specific, and was difficult to be used bedside. A number of recent studies have been suggested that ultrasonographic evaluation has been proposed as an accurate, safe and noninvasive method of quantification of diaphragm structure and function...
March 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625392/a-novel-risk-score-to-predict-the-need-for-nutrition-support-after-cardiac-surgery
#11
Rika E Ohkuma, Todd C Crawford, Patricia M Brown, Joshua C Grimm, J Trent Magruder, Arman Kilic, Alejandro Suarez-Pierre, Sukyee Snyder, Justin D Wood, Eric Schneider, Marc S Sussman, Glenn J R Whitman
BACKGROUND: In specific patients, early postoperative nutrition mitigates malnutrition-related morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study was to develop and validate a prediction score designed to stratify patients immediately after cardiac surgery according to risk for nutrition support (NS). METHODS: We identified adult cardiac surgery patients at our institution in 2012 requiring postoperative NS, enteral or parenteral. Using multivariable logistic regression modeling, we developed a Johns Hopkins Hospital Nutrition Support (JHH NS) score from relative odds ratios generated by variables that independently predicted the need for NS...
May 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625194/preoperative-malnutrition-is-associated-with-increased-mortality-and-adverse-outcomes-after-paediatric-cardiac-surgery
#12
Faith Ross, Gregory Latham, Denise Joffe, Michael Richards, Jeremy Geiduschek, Michael Eisses, Douglas Thompson, Monique Radman
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common in children with CHD and is likely to place them at an increased risk for adverse surgical outcomes. We sought to evaluate the impact of preoperative malnutrition on outcomes after paediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients from age 0 to 5 years undergoing cardiac surgery at Seattle Children's Hospital from 2006 to 2015. We used regression modelling to examine the impact of malnutrition on surgical outcomes...
June 19, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609773/transoral-robotic-surgery-total-laryngectomy-evaluation-of-functional-and-survival-outcomes-in-a-retrospective-case-series-at-a-single-institution
#13
Giri Krishnan, Suren Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Transoral robotic surgery total laryngectomy (TORS-TL) is a minimally invasive endoscopic surgical approach which can theoretically minimise the morbidity of large external incisions and limit dissection of tissue planes so as to reduce the risk of pharyngocutaneous fistulae related to poor tissue healing secondary to radiation soft tissue injury or malnutrition. The purpose of this paper was to report our experience with this uncommon surgical approach. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at a single institution to evaluate the functional and survival outcomes of a series of patients who underwent TORS-TL...
June 14, 2017: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608250/the-efficacy-of-active-drainage-for-preventing-postoperative-organ-space-surgical-site-infections-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#14
Ryo Ikeshima, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Hidekazu Takahashi, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Chu Matsuda, Masakazu Ikenaga, Kiyokazu Nakajima, Hirofumi Yamamoto, Kohei Murata, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori
PURPOSE: Patients with Crohn's disease (CD) show a higher incidence of surgical site infections (SSIs) after bowel resection in comparison to other patient populations because CD patients commonly suffer from anemia, malnutrition, and immunosuppression. In comparison to conventional passive drainage, active drainage using a closed-suction drain reportedly reduces postoperative wound-related complications in several diseases. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the incidence of SSI and to identify the risk factors for SSI in patients with CD...
June 12, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602793/the-single-anastomosis-duodenal-switch-modifications-a-review-of-the-current-literature-on-outcomes
#15
Philippe Topart, Guillaume Becouarn
BACKGROUND: The single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) was designed in 2007 to reduce the side effects of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) by replacing the Roux-en-Y construction with a single duodeno-ileal anastomosis and combining the common channel with the alimentary limb. Several variants using different channel lengths were published. The objective of this study was to identify the published cases of SADI-S and variants and assess the results regarding potential benefits on side effects and revisions...
April 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600220/the-belgian-national-registry-on-chronic-pancreatitis-a-prospective-multi-centre-study-covering-more-than-800-patients-in-one-year
#16
M Fernandez, M Arvanitakis, C Musala, J Devière, W Van Steenbergen, V Putzeys, F Ausloos, B Bastens, P Gast, G Roeyen, F Berrevoet, I Scheers, M Delhaye, P H Deprez
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The epidemiology, natural history, complications, and therapeutic management of chronic pancreatitis (CP) are not well described at the national level. This multi-centre prospective observational study involving eight Belgian hospitals aimed to improve the understanding of these aspects of CP in Belgium. METHODS: All patients with a diagnosis of CP based on imaging were eligible for this study. Data were gathered regarding epidemiology, etiology, CP complications, and treatment modalities...
May 26, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596674/follow-up-after-curative-resection-for-gastric-cancer-is-it-time-to-tailor-it
#17
EDITORIAL
Paolo Aurello, Niccolò Petrucciani, Laura Antolino, Diego Giulitti, Francesco D'Angelo, Giovanni Ramacciato
There is still no consensus on the follow-up frequency and regimen after curative resection for gastric cancer. Moreover, controversy exists regarding the utility of follow-up in improving survival, and the recommendations of experts and societies vary considerably. The main reason to establish surveillance programs is to diagnose tumor recurrence or metachronous cancers early and to thereby provide prompt treatment and prolong survival. In the setting of gastric malignancies, other reasons have been put forth: (1) the detection of adverse effects of a previous surgery, such as malnutrition or digestive sequelae; (2) the collection of data; and (3) the identification of psychological and/or social problems and provision of appropriate support to the patients...
May 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587182/preoperative-nutritional-conditioning-of-crohn-s-patients-systematic-review-of-current-evidence-and-practice
#18
Fabian Grass, Basile Pache, David Martin, Dieter Hahnloser, Nicolas Demartines, Martin Hübner
Crohn's disease is an incurable and frequently progressive entity with major impact on affected patients. Up to half of patients require surgery in the first 10 years after diagnosis and over 75% of operated patients require at least one further surgery within lifetime. In order to minimize surgical risk, modifiable risk factors such as nutritional status need to be optimized. This systematic review on preoperative nutritional support in adult Crohn's patients between 1997 and 2017 aimed to provide an overview on target populations, screening modalities, routes of administration, and expected benefits...
June 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561149/-preoperative-evaluation-and-arrangements-the-elderly-patient
#19
Cynthia Olotu-Steffen, Simone Gurlit, Rainer Kiefmann
With a constantly growing portion of elderly within our population and the advances of modern medicine, surgery on aged and very aged patients has become a daily hospital routine. Due to the physical and mental features of ageing these patients face special perioperative risks. They display a higher rate of complications, morbidity and cognitive deficits which might in the end lead to persisting need of care. Even in the healthy elderly, most organ functions are "physiologically" instable or deficient and the homeostasis of health and disease is fragile...
May 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555706/can-we-predict-morbidity-and-mortality-of-patients-aged-75-years-and-older-undergoing-cystectomy
#20
F Atallah, P Letocart, B Malavaud, M Ahmad, M Mazerolles, V Minville
Radical cystectomy is associated with a high postoperative mortality and morbidity in older patients. We aimed to define the predictive value of comorbidity scores and determine the prognostic factors of postoperative complications. Preoperative associated morbidities were collected and graded according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score system, the Adult Comorbidity Evaluation (ACE) scale and the Charlson comorbidity index. Surgical complications were graded according to Clavien classification...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
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