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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730364/water-resources-vulnerability-assessment-in-the-adriatic-sea-region-the-case-of-corfu-island
#1
Vasilis Kanakoudis, Stavroula Tsitsifli, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Barbara Cencur Curk, Barbara Karleusa
Cross-border water resources management and protection is a complicated task to achieve, lacking a common methodological framework. Especially in the Adriatic region, water used for drinking water supply purposes pass from many different countries, turning its management into a hard task to achieve. During the DRINKADRIA project, a common methodological framework has been developed, for efficient and effective cross-border water supply and resources management, taking into consideration different resources types (surface and groundwater) emphasizing in drinking water supply intake...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719187/exploring-the-role-of-habitat-on-the-wettability-of-cicada-wings
#2
Junho Oh, Catherine Dana, Sungmin Hong, Jessica K Roman, Kyoo D Jo, Je W Hong, Jonah Nguyen, Donald M Cropek, Marianne Alleyne, Nenad Miljkovic
Evolutionary pressure has pushed the wings of many insect species to develop micro/nanostructures that can significantly affect wettability and enable functionalities such as droplet jumping, self-cleaning, anti-fogging, anti-microbial, and anti-reflectivity. Significant effort is underway to understand the wing surface structure to establish rational design tools for the development of novel engineered materials. Most studies, however, have focused on superhydrophobic wings obtained from a single insect species, in particular, the Psaltoda claripennis cicada...
July 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713803/the-institute-for-global-orthopedics-and-traumatology-a-model-for-academic-collaboration-in-orthopedic-surgery
#3
Devin James Conway, Richard Coughlin, Amber Caldwell, David Shearer
In 2006, surgeons at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) established the Institute for Global Orthopedics and Traumatology (IGOT), an initiative within the department of orthopedic surgery. The principal aim of IGOT is to create long-term, sustainable solutions to the growing burden of musculoskeletal injury in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) through academic partnership. IGOT currently has relationships with teaching hospitals in Ghana, Malawi, Tanzania, Nicaragua, and Nepal. The organizational structure of IGOT is built on four pillars: Global Surgical Education (GSE), Global Knowledge Exchange (GKE), Global Research Initiative (GRI), and Global Leadership and Advocacy...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712186/glycaemic-control-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-during-ramazan-fasting
#4
Uzma Malik, Nasir Mahmood, Khurshid Ahmed Khan, Maliha Hameed, Fawad Ahmed Randhawa, Sadia Salman, Amna Riaz, Khadija Waheed, Aqeela Rasheed
BACKGROUND: Among five main pillars of Islam Fasting is one of the key elements, all healthy adult Muslims have to observe fast from dawn till dusk during the holy month of Ramadan. According to a 2009 demographic study, Islam has 1.57 billion believers, making up 23% of the world population of 6.8 billion, and is growing by 3% per year. EPIDIAR (epidemiology of diabetes and Ramadan) study showed that 43% patients with type 1 and 79% patients with type2 diabetes observe fast during the month of Ramadan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698774/the-four-pillars-of-alzheimer-s-prevention
#5
Dharma Singh Khalsa, George Perry
Much is yet to be discovered about the precise biological changes that cause Alzheimer's, disease, why it progresses more quickly in some than in others, and how the disease can be prevented, slowed, or stopped. And while researchers continue to search for the magic pill that can prevent or halt the spread of amyloid in the brain, our authors believe that changing or modifying one's lifestyle and attitude can make a difference in both prevention and treatment.
March 2017: Cerebrum: the Dana Forum on Brain Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685037/integrating-palliative-care-into-national-health-systems-in-africa-a-multi-country-intervention-study
#6
Liz Grant, Julia Downing, Emmanuel Luyirika, Mairead Murphy, Liz Namukwaya, Fatia Kiyange, Mackuline Atieno, Emilly Kemigisha-Ssali, Jenny Hunt, Kaly Snell, Scott A Murray, Mhoira Leng
BACKGROUND: The WHO is calling for the integration of palliative care in all health care settings globally. METHODS: A 3.5-year program was implemented in 12 government hospitals, three each in Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Zambia. A four-pillared approach of advocacy, staff training, service delivery strengthening and international and regional partnership working was utilized. A baseline assessment was undertaken to ascertain needs, and 27 indicators were agreed to guide and evaluate the intervention...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626598/design-concerns-of-room-and-pillar-retreat-panels
#7
Ted M Klemetti, Morgan M Sears, Ihsan B Tulu
Why do some room and pillar retreat panels encounter abnormal conditions? What factors deserve the most consideration during the planning and execution phases of mining and what can be done to mitigate those abnormal conditions when they are encountered? To help answer these questions, and to determine some of the relevant factors influencing the conditions of room and pillar (R & P) retreat mining entries, four consecutive R & P retreat panels were evaluated. This evaluation was intended to reinforce the influence of topographic changes, depth of cover, multiple-seam interactions, geological conditions, and mining geometry...
January 2017: International Journal of Mining Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621374/linker-functionalisation-triggers-an-alternative-3d-topology-for-zn-isophthalate-4-4-bipyridine-frameworks
#8
Andreas Schneemann, Robin Rudolf, Sebastian Henke, Yukiko Takahashi, Hung Banh, Inke Hante, Christian Schneider, Shin-Ichiro Noro, Roland A Fischer
A series of four Zn(2+) metal-organic frameworks containing functionalised isophthalate linkers and 4,4'-bipyridine pillars have been prepared and characterised. Isophthalates which contain -OC3H2n+1 alkoxy side chains (with n = 1, 2 or 3) form frameworks with a 3D pillared-layer topology instead of the typical 2D layer topology of the renowned coordination polymers with an interdigitated structure (CIDs), which is found for shorter -OC2H5 side chains. The gas adsorption properties of the materials were analysed using N2, CO2 and O2 adsorption measurements at low temperatures...
June 27, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613813/pillared-layer-metal-organic-frameworks-for-improved-lithium-ion-storage-performance
#9
Teng Gong, Xiaobing Lou, En-Qing Gao, Bingwen Hu
Recently, more and more metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been directly used as anodic materials in lithium-ion batteries, but judicious design or choice of MOFs is still challenging for lack of structural-property knowledge. In this article we propose a pillared-layer strategy to achieve improved Li-storage performance. Four Mn(II) and Co(II) MOFs with mixed azide and carboxylate ligands were studied to illustrate the strategy. In these 3D MOFs, layers (1, 3, and 4) or chains (2) with short bridges are linked by long organic spacers...
June 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589444/reflections-on-the-future-of-pharmaceutical-public-private-partnerships-from-input-to-impact
#10
REVIEW
Remco L A de Vrueh, Daan J A Crommelin
Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) are multiple stakeholder partnerships designed to improve research efficacy. We focus on PPPs in the biomedical/pharmaceutical field, which emerged as a logical result of the open innovation model. Originally, a typical PPP was based on an academic and an industrial pillar, with governmental or other third party funding as an incentive. Over time, other players joined in, often health foundations, patient organizations, and regulatory scientists. This review discusses reasons for initiating a PPP, focusing on precompetitive research...
June 6, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585820/water-vapor-sorption-in-hybrid-pillared-square-grid-materials
#11
Daniel O'Nolan, Amrit Kumar, Michael J Zaworotko
We report water vapor sorption studies on four primitive cubic, pcu, pillared square grid materials: SIFSIX-1-Cu, SIFSIX-2-Cu-i, SIFSIX-3-Ni, and SIFSIX-14-Cu-i. SIFSIX-1-Cu, SIFSIX-3-Ni, and SIFSIX-14-Cu-i were observed to exhibit negative water vapor adsorption at ca. 40-50% relative humidity (RH). The negative adsorption is attributed to a water-induced phase transformation from a porous pcu topology to nonporous sql and sql-c* topologies. Whereas the phase transformation of SIFSIX-1-Cu was found to be irreversible, SIFSIX-3-Ni could be regenerated by heating and can therefore be recycled...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516407/components-of-sustainability-considerations-in-management-of-petrochemical-industries
#12
Amir Aryanasl, Jamal Ghodousi, Reza Arjmandi, Nabiollah Mansouri
Sustainability comprises three pillars of social, environmental, and economic aspects. Petrochemical industry has a great inter-related complex impact on social and economic development of societies and adverse impact on almost all environmental aspects and resource depletion in many countries, which make sustainability a crucial issue for petrochemical industries. This study was conducted to propose components of sustainability considerations in management of petrochemical industries.A combination of exploratory study-to prepare a preliminary list of components of sustainable business in petrochemical industries based on review of literature and Delphi-to obtain experts' view on this preliminary list and provide a detailed list of components and sub-components that should be addressed to bring sustainability to petrochemical industries, were used...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501195/recycling-polymer-residues-to-synthesize-magnetic-nanocomposites-for-dispersive-micro-solid-phase-extraction
#13
Hoda Ghambari, Emilia M Reyes-Gallardo, Rafael Lucena, Mohammad Saraji, Soledad Cárdenas
The ubiquitous presence of plastics, an obvious consequence of their usefulness and low price, has turned them into a problem of environmental and safety concern. The new plastic economy, an initiative recently launched by the World Economic Forum and Ellen MacArthur Foundation, with analytical support from McKinsey & Company, promotes a change in the use of plastic worldwide around three main pillars: redesign, reusing and recycling. Recycled plastics, with the aim of extending their life spam, can be used to synthesize materials for analytical purposes...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488750/computing-the-extended-synthesis-mapping-the-dynamics-and-conceptual-structure-of-the-evolvability-research-front
#14
Laura Nuño de la Rosa
Since the late 1970s, the field of evolutionary biology has undergone empirical and theoretical developments that have threaten the pillars of evolutionary theory. Some evolutionary biologists have recently argued that evolutionary biology is not experiencing a paradigm shift, but an expansion of the modern synthesis. Philosophers of biology focusing on scientific practices seem to agree with this pluralistic interpretation and have argued that evolutionary theory should rather be seen as an organized network of multiple problem agendas with diverse disciplinary contributors...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476210/-not-for-profit-a-report-from-the-fourth-annual-symposium-of-ethics-held-by-the-national-institute-for-blood-transfusion-france
#15
J Ceccaldi, J-B Thibert, A Haddad, M-C Bouësseau, R Pottier, B Danic, S Noël, M Monsellier, J-D Tissot, T Sannié, B Clavier, M-F Mamzer, J-P Cartron, J-P Vernant, C Hervé, O Garraud
The not-for-profit issue has been debated in November 2016 in Paris; this issue is one of the four canonical pillars of ethical blood donation. It is intimately bound to benevolence though it is distinct, as not-for-profit calls for institutions while benevolence calls for individuals. It is indeed intended that voluntary blood donors do not benefit from their donation and are thus non-remunerated. Not-for-profit is essential since it refers to the public character of blood as a putative public resource aimed at being shared as a tribute of solidarity...
June 2017: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471702/adeno-associated-virus-transformation-into-the-normal-miniature-pig-and-the-normal-guinea-pigs-cochlea-via-scala-tympani
#16
Xunbei Shi, Nan Wu, Yue Zhang, Weiwei Guo, Chang Lin, Shiming Yang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of the miniature pig cochlea after AAV1 transfect into the cochlea via round window membrane (RWM). METHODS: Twenty miniature pigs are equally divided into four experimental groups. Twelve miniature pigs are equally divided into four control groups. Each pig was transfected with the AAV1 in the experimental group via RWM and each pig was transduced with the artificial perilymph in the control group. The expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) was observed at 2 weeks, 3 weeks and 4 weeks, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444607/the-provision-of-spiritual-care-in-hospices-a-study-in-four-hospices-in-north-rhine-westphalia
#17
Andreas Walker, Christof Breitsameter
This article considers the role and the practices of spiritual care in hospices. While spiritual care was firmly established as one of the four pillars of practical hospice care alongside medical, psychological and social care by Cicely Saunders, the importance and functions of spiritual care in daily practice remain arguable. When speaking about spirituality, what are we actually speaking about? What form do the spiritual relations take between full-time staff and volunteers on the one hand, and the patients and their family members on the other? These were central questions of a qualitative study that we carried out in four hospices in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, to explore how spiritual care is provided in hospices and what significance spirituality has in hospices...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420933/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-berlin-and-beyond
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Berlin Declaration is a landmark call to action, which encourages policy makers to take early action to halt the type 2 diabetes epidemic. It emphasizes the need for prevention, early detection, early control, and early access to the right interventions. We believe these four pillars of early action in type 2 diabetes are as relevant to gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and action in the latter will impact on the former. Therefore this statement, authored by 21 experts from 14 countries calls for early action in GDM...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398134/-i-told-her-this-is-your-life-relationship-dynamics-partner-support-and-adherence-to-antiretroviral-therapy-among-south-african-couples
#19
Amy Conroy, Anna Leddy, Mallory Johnson, Thulani Ngubane, Heidi van Rooyen, Lynae Darbes
Despite the important role of social relationships for health and wellbeing, little is known about how primary partners affect adherence to HIV care and treatment. We qualitatively explored how relationship dynamics and partner support influence adherence among couples from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Twenty-four heterosexual couples with at least one HIV-positive partner completed semi-structured interviews on topics including relationship dynamics (intimacy or emotional closeness, communication, violence), experiences with HIV care and treatment and HIV-related social support...
April 11, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388829/evidence-based-practice-beliefs-and-implementation-in-doctor-of-nursing-practice-students
#20
Joanne K Singleton
BACKGROUND: Doctors of Nursing Practice focus on leadership in evidence-based practice (EBP). EBP is influenced by one's beliefs in and implementation of EBP. Little is known to date about the EBP beliefs and implementation of Doctor of Nursing Practice students and outcomes of Doctor of Nursing Practice education. AIMS: Guided by the Advancing Research and Clinical practice through close Collaboration (ARCC) Model, the Evidence-Based Practice Beliefs (EBPB) and Implementation (EBPI) tools were used to assess the impact of EBP as a program pillar, curricular thread, and content area on EBPB and EBPI of Doctor of Nursing Practice-Family Nurse Practitioner students...
April 7, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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