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Four pillar

Barbara A Bohne, Melissa Kimlinger, Gary W Harding
From our permanent collection of plastic-embedded flat preparations of chinchilla cochleae, 22 controls and 199 ears from noise-exposed animals were used to determine when, postexposure, hair cell (HC) and supporting cell (SC) degeneration were completed. The exposed ears were divided into four groups based on exposure parameters: 0.5- or 4-kHz octave band of noise at moderate (M) or high (H) intensities. Postexposure survival ranged from < 1 h to 2.5 y. Ears fixed ≤ 0-12 h postexposure were called ‛acute‛...
November 24, 2016: Hearing Research
Julia V A Figueiredo, André L P Perondini, Denise Selivon
The chorion internal structure of the Anastrepha eggs from 16 species of different infrageneric taxonomic groups is described by scanning and transmission electron microscopy analyses. The chorion has structural similarities of layers, and is cavernous along the entire length of the eggs. Despite these similarities, an additional trabecular layer (ATL) exists in some species that, together with other characteristics, allow the recognition of four patterns of chorion structuring. Pattern I, in which the ATL layer is absent, was found in A...
November 12, 2016: Arthropod Structure & Development
Yaroslav V Kartashov, Dmitry V Skryabin
We study two-dimensional fundamental and vortex solitons in polariton condensates with spin-orbit coupling and Zeeman splitting evolving in square arrays of microcavity pillars. Due to the repulsive excitonic nonlinearity, such states are encountered in finite gaps in the spectrum of the periodic array. Spin-orbit coupling between two polarization components stemming from the TE-TM energy splitting of the cavity photons acting together with Zeeman splitting lifts the degeneracy between vortex solitons with opposite topological charges and makes their density profiles different for a fixed energy...
November 1, 2016: Optics Letters
Zuo-Xi Li, Xue Zhang, Yi-Chen Liu, Kang-Yu Zou, Man-Li Yue
Herein, four new cadmium metal-organic frameworks (Cd-MOFs), [Cd(bib)(bdc)]∞ (1), [Cd(bbib)(bdc)(H2 O)]∞ (2), [Cd(bibp)(bdc)]∞ (3), and [Cd2 (bbibp)2 (bdc)2 (H2 O)]∞ (4), have been constructed from the reaction of Cd(NO3 )2 ⋅4 H2 O with 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (H2 bdc) and structure-related bis(imidazole) ligands (1,4-bis(imidazol-1-yl)benzene (bib), 1,4-bis(benzoimidazol-1-yl)benzene (bbib), 4,4'-bis(imidazol-1-yl)biphenyl (bibp), and 4,4'-bis(benzoimidazol-1-yl)biphenyl (bbibp)) under solvothermal conditions...
October 25, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Ying Sun, Wen-Fei Li, Nian-Yong Chen, Ning Zhang, Guo-Qing Hu, Fang-Yun Xie, Yan Sun, Xiao-Zhong Chen, Jin-Gao Li, Xiao-Dong Zhu, Chao-Su Hu, Xiang-Ying Xu, Yuan-Yuan Chen, Wei-Han Hu, Ling Guo, Hao-Yuan Mo, Lei Chen, Yan-Ping Mao, Rui Sun, Ping Ai, Shao-Bo Liang, Guo-Xian Long, Bao-Min Zheng, Xing-Lai Feng, Xiao-Chang Gong, Ling Li, Chun-Ying Shen, Jian-Yu Xu, Ying Guo, Yu-Ming Chen, Fan Zhang, Li Lin, Ling-Long Tang, Meng-Zhong Liu, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: The value of adding cisplatin, fluorouracil, and docetaxel (TPF) induction chemotherapy to concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is unclear. We aimed to compare TPF induction chemotherapy plus concurrent chemoradiotherapy with concurrent chemoradiotherapy alone in a suitably powered trial. METHODS: We did an open-label, phase 3, multicentre, randomised controlled trial at ten institutions in China. Patients with previously untreated, stage III-IVB (except T3-4N0) nasopharyngeal carcinoma, aged 18-59 years without severe comorbidities were enrolled...
September 26, 2016: Lancet Oncology
Andrea Santangeli, Ari Rajasärkkä, Aleksi Lehikoinen
Anthropogenic climate change is rapidly becoming one of the main threats to biodiversity, along with other threats triggered by human-driven land-use change. Species are already responding to climate change by shifting their distributions polewards. This shift may create a spatial mismatch between dynamic species distributions and static protected areas (PAs). As protected areas represent one of the main pillars for preserving biodiversity today and in the future, it is important to assess their contribution in sheltering the biodiversity communities, they were designated to protect...
September 29, 2016: Global Change Biology
A Kleger, T Seufferlein
CLINICAL ISSUE: IgG4-related diseases are rare but the incidence is continuously increasing. The pathophysiology is only incompletely understood. Multiorgan involvement correlates with high relapse rates, high serum IgG4 levels and an aggressive disease course, which is why diagnostics and therapy must be carried out rapidly and efficiently according to international guidelines despite all the difficulties. STANDARD TREATMENT: Currently the therapeutic standard is initial therapy (induction therapy) with glucocorticosteroids over a longer period of time and if necessary followed by low-dose maintenance therapy...
September 15, 2016: Der Radiologe
Tag Anbar, Amal Abdel-Rahman, Rehab Hegazy, Mohamed El-Khayyat, Maha Ragaie
Re-pigmentation and stabilization are the two ultimate goals of any re-pigmenting plan designed for vitiligo management. Furthermore, whether the improvement of some vitiligo lesions could be considered a guarantee for a similar response and/or stabilization of the rest of the lesions or not, remains to be clarified. To evaluate the behavior of non-segmental vitiligo (NSV), while on narrow band-ultraviolet B (NB-UVB) phototherapy. 25 patients with stable generalized NSV were included and received NB-UVB twice weekly...
September 9, 2016: Dermatologic Therapy
Javier Ferrer-Torregrosa, Miguel Ángel Jiménez-Rodríguez, Javier Torralba-Estelles, Fernanda Garzón-Farinós, Marcelo Pérez-Bermejo, Nadia Fernández-Ehrling
BACKGROUND: The establishment of the ECTS (European Credit Transfer System) is one of the pillars of the European Space of Higher Education. This way of accounting for the time spent in training has two essential parts, classroom teaching (work with the professor) and distance learning (work without the professor, whether in an individual or collective way). Much has been published on the distance learning part, but less on the classroom teaching section. In this work, the authors investigate didactic strategies and associated aids for distance learning work in a concept based on flipped classroom where transmitting information is carried out with aids that the professor prepares, so that the student works in an independent way before the classes, thus being able to dedicate the classroom teaching time to more complex learning and being able to count on the professor's help...
September 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Rachel Freeman, Emmanuel Bk Luyirika, Eve Namisango, Fatia Kiyange
The high burden of non-communicable diseases and communicable diseases in Africa characterised by late presentation and diagnosis makes the need for palliative care a priority from the point of diagnosis to death and through bereavement. Palliative care is an intervention that requires a multidisciplinary team to address the multifaceted needs of the patient and family. Thus, its development takes a broad approach that involves engaging all key stakeholders ranging from policy makers, care providers, educators, the public, patients, and families...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Wen Zhang, Ying-Ming Zhang, Sheng-Hua Li, Yong-Liang Cui, Jie Yu, Yu Liu
Nanosupramolecular assemblies with controlled topological features have inventive applications in fundamental studies and material manufacturing. Herein, a variety of morphologically interesting aggregates have been constructed using the supramolecular modulation with bipyridinium-modified diphenylalanine derivative (BP-FF). Benefiting from the high binding affinity of bipyridinium group with four different macrocyclic receptors, namely cucurbit[7]uril, cucurbit[8]uril, pillar[5]arene, and tetrasulfonated crown ether, we have succeeded in tuning the topological aggregates of BP-FF from fine nanofibers to nanorods, octahedron-like nanostructure, helical nanowires, and rectangular nanosheets without any tedious chemical modification...
September 12, 2016: Angewandte Chemie
Radheshyam R Pawar, Prabuddha Gupta, Lalhmunsiama, Hari C Bajaj, Seung-Mok Lee
The separation of fine spent sorbents from treated water after remediation is a major difficulty associated with phosphate wastewater treatment technology. In this study, a novel aluminium-pillared acid activated bentonite powder (Al-ABn) and alginate immobilized aluminium-pillared acid activated bentonite beads (Al-ABn-AB) were synthesized and used for the removal of aqueous phosphate. The phosphate removal behaviour of adsorbents were evaluated by batch experiments as a function of various parameters such as pH, initial concentration, contact time, temperature, adsorbent dose and presence of coexisting ions...
August 11, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Lingyun Hao, Paulo A Zaini, Harvey C Hoch, Thomas J Burr, Patricia Mowery
Xylella fastidiosa is a xylem-limited bacterium in plant hosts and causes Pierce's disease (PD) of grapevines, which differ in susceptibility according to the Vitis species (spp.). In this work we compared X. fastidiosa biofilm formation and population dynamics when cultured in xylem saps from PD-susceptible and -resistant Vitis spp. under different conditions. Behaviors in a closed-culture system were compared to those in different sap-renewal cultures that would more closely mimic the physicochemical environment encountered in planta...
2016: PloS One
Marc Journeault
Organizations have increasingly recognized the importance and benefits of developing a sustainability strategy that incorporates environmental and social responsibilities. However, the simultaneous integration of the economic, environmental and social aspects remains a major concern for organizations. The Sustainability Balanced Scorecard (SBSC) represents one of the most promising strategic tools to help organizations face these challenges and support their sustainability strategy. However, past research has provided unclear, incomplete and even contradictory SBSC frameworks while offering little knowledge about how to integrate stakeholder management as well as environmental and social performance within the balanced scorecard to successfully support a corporate sustainability strategy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Anne Scheinberg, Jelena Nesić, Rachel Savain, Pietro Luppi, Portia Sinnott, Flaviu Petean, Flaviu Pop
The European Union hosts some of the world's most developed waste management systems and an ambitious policy commitment to the circular economy. The existence of informal recycling and re-use activities in Europe has been vigorously denied until quite recently, and remains a very challenging subject for the European solid waste management sector, as well as for European government and private institutions. In countries ranging from Malta to Macedonia and from France to Turkey, informal recyclers excluded from legal recycling niches increasingly collide with formalised and controlled European Union approaches to urban waste management, packaging recovery schemes, formal re-use enterprises, and extended producer responsibility systems...
September 2016: Waste Management & Research
Rike Antje Kraska, Marcel Weigand, Max Geraedts
BACKGROUND: The patient perspective is increasingly recognized as a central pillar of quality in hospital care. International evidence suggests that an array of interacting factors may influence patient satisfaction with hospital care, whereas only a few studies have examined the impact of hospital characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To explore which hospital characteristics exert an influence on patient satisfaction with inpatient care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study using secondary data...
July 22, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
Matt Griffin, Blake W Nordstrom, Jon Scholes, Kate Joncas, Patrick Gordon, Elliott Krivenko, Winston Haynes, Roger Higdon, Elizabeth Stewart, Natali Kolker, Elizabeth Montague, Eugene Kolker
This case study evaluates and tracks vitality of a city (Seattle), based on a data-driven approach, using strategic, robust, and sustainable metrics. This case study was collaboratively conducted by the Downtown Seattle Association (DSA) and CDO Analytics teams. The DSA is a nonprofit organization focused on making the city of Seattle and its Downtown a healthy and vibrant place to Live, Work, Shop, and Play. DSA primarily operates through public policy advocacy, community and business development, and marketing...
March 2016: Big Data
Dagrunn Nåden Dyrstad, Marianne Storm
BACKGROUND: Educating and training healthcare professionals is known to improve the quality of transitional care for older adults. Arranging interprofessional meetings for healthcare professionals might be useful to improve patient participation skills in transitional care. AIM: To describe the learning activities used in The Meeting Point programme, focusing on patient participation in transitional care, and assess whether they increase healthcare professionals' awareness of and competencies relating to patient participation in the transitional care of older patients...
July 21, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
V Mongbo, E-M Ouendo, V De Brouwere, S Alexander, B Dujardin, M Makoutodé, W-H Zhang
BACKGROUND: Caesarean section (CS) is a major obstetric intervention, widely recognized as an effective means to reduce maternal and perinatal mortality, when appropriately performed. CS numbers and rates are regularly published but quality is rarely taken into account. This study aims to describe the quality of caesarean delivery in selected hospitals in Benin. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed among women who had undergone a CS between 18 December 2013 and 8 February 2014 in one randomly selected hospital in each of the 12 administrative districts of Benin...
September 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
O Garraud, B Danic, J-P Cartron, J Chiaroni, B Clavier, B Cuneo, M Guimelchain-Bonnet, M-A Hermitte, S Mackowiak, M Monsellier, S Moreau, K Papa, B Pelletier, R Pottier, R Praile, A Saillol, J-D Tissot, J-P Vernant, C Hervé
Voluntariness stands for one of the four pillars of ethics in blood donation; it is, however, more related to tradition than to legislation. Because it seems necessary to apply "marketing" techniques to blood collection in order to meet the needs in blood components, both in terms of quantity and quality, one wonders if this may be at the expense of this principle of voluntariness. This seminar-belonging actually to a series of seminars in Ethics in Transfusion Medicine-aimed at questioning the possible weakness of voluntariness in the field of blood donation...
September 2016: Transfusion Clinique et Biologique: Journal de la Société Française de Transfusion Sanguine
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