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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777318/unintentional-child-and-adolescent-drowning-mortality-from-2000-to-2013-in-21-countries-analysis-of-the-who-mortality-database
#1
Yue Wu, Yun Huang, David C Schwebel, Guoqing Hu
Limited research considers change over time for drowning mortality among individuals under 20 years of age, or the sub-cause (method) of those drownings. We assessed changes in under-20 drowning mortality from 2000 to 2013 among 21 countries. Age-standardized drowning mortality data were obtained through the World Health Organization (WHO) Mortality Database. Twenty of the 21 included countries experienced a reduction in under-20 drowning mortality rate between 2000 and 2013, with decreases ranging from -80 to -13%...
August 4, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764763/the-shrinking-health-advantage-unintentional-injuries-among-children-and-youth-from-immigrant-families
#2
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Lisa Sheng, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Immigrants typically arrive in good health. This health benefit can decline as immigrants adopt behaviours similar to native-born populations. Risk of injury is low in immigrants but it is not known whether this changes with increasing time since migration. We sought to examine the association between duration of residence in Canada and risk of unintentional injury. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of children and youth 0 to 24 years in Ontario, Canada (2011-2012), using linked health and administrative databases...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760802/this-much-water-a-qualitative-study-using-behavioural-theory-to-develop-a-community-service-video-to-prevent-child-drowning-in-western-australia
#3
Mel Denehy, Justine E Leavy, Jonine Jancey, Lauren Nimmo, Gemma Crawford
OBJECTIVES: Drowning in children under the age of 5 is a frequently occurring, yet preventable event. This research used behavioural theory to test the suitability and appropriateness of a drowning prevention message in a community service video. DESIGN: This qualitative study used content analysis of focus groups. Constructs from the Health Belief Model guided the data analysis. SETTING: Community organisations and playgrounds in Perth, Western Australia...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751530/a-10-year-review-of-child-injury-hospitalisations-health-outcomes-and-treatment-costs-in-australia
#4
Rebecca J Mitchell, Kate Curtis, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Childhood injury is a leading cause of hospitalisation, yet there has been no comprehensive examination of child injury and survival over time in Australia. To examine the characteristics, temporal trend and survival for children who were hospitalised as a result of injury in Australia. METHOD: A retrospective examination of linked hospitalisation and mortality data for injured children aged 16 years or less during 1 July 2001 to 30 June 2012. Negative binomial regression examined change in injury hospitalisation trends...
July 27, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743731/shifting-disease-burden-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-14-year-survival-analysis-of-childhood-mortality-in-bangladesh
#5
REVIEW
Olakunle Alonge, Siran He, Dewan Emdadul Hoque, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Irteja Islam, Shams El-Arifeen, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to compare all-cause mortality and drowning-specific mortality rates and survival times among birth cohorts of children from rural Bangladesh over a 14-year period. METHOD: Seven birth cohorts of children aged 12-59 months were created using data from the Matlab Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Bangladesh. Each cohort represents children born within a 2-year interval between 1 July 1995 and 30 June 2009, who were then evaluated over a 2-year snapshot...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737353/-neonaticides-in-france-analysis-of-357%C3%A2-cases-identified-in-the-press-1993-2012
#6
Laurence Simmat-Durand
Background and objectives: Despite easy access to contraception and child abandonment in France, neonaticides continue to occur and, although rare, are widely publicized. The objective of this study was to characterize neonaticides and their perpetrators over a twenty-year period in France based on cases reported in the press. Methods: 2,319 press articles describing the discovery of a newborn corpse in the regional and national press were extracted from electronic databases or other digital supports. A total of 357 neonaticides were described, corresponding to a mean annual rate of 2...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665528/trauma-hazards-in-children-an-update-for-the-busy-clinician
#7
REVIEW
Andrew Ja Holland, Soundappan Sv Soundappan
Trauma and injury continue to be common in children and remain an important cause of mortality and morbidity. Legislation mandating the use of helmets for all cyclists appears to have been effective in reducing the incidence and severity of head and facial injuries, with no clear evidence of a reduction in cycling usage or activity. Straddle injuries, whilst uncommon and generally minor, require careful clinical assessment as they may be associated with urethral trauma. Quad bikes remain highly dangerous with continuing reports of deaths in child riders due to their inherent lack of stability: a ban on their use by children would seem the most effective solution...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486266/pediatric-drowning-a-standard-operating-procedure-to-aid-the-prehospital-management-of-pediatric-cardiac-arrest-resulting-from-submersion
#8
Rebecca R Best, Benjamin H L Harris, Jason L Walsh, Timothy Manfield
OBJECTIVES: Drowning is one of the leading causes of death in children. Resuscitating a child following submersion is a high-pressure situation, and standard operating procedures can reduce error. Currently, the Resuscitation Council UK guidance does not include a standard operating procedure on pediatric drowning. The objective of this project was to design a standard operating procedure to improve outcomes of drowned children. METHODS: A literature review on the management of pediatric drowning was conducted...
May 8, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483756/drowning-fatalities-in-childhood-the-role-of-pre-existing-medical-conditions
#9
Richard C Franklin, John H Pearn, Amy E Peden
OBJECTIVES: This study is an analysis of the contribution of pre-existing medical conditions to unintentional fatal child (0-14 years) drowning and a of critique prevention stratagems, with an exploration of issues of equity in recreation. DESIGN: This study is a total population, cross-sectional audit of all demographic, forensic and on-site situational details surrounding unintentional fatal drowning of children 0-14 years in Australia for the period of 1 July 2002 to 30 June 2012...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475138/epidemiology-of-drowning-in-bangladesh-an-update
#10
Aminur Rahman, Olakunle Alonge, Al-Amin Bhuiyan, Priyanka Agrawal, Shumona Sharmin Salam, Abu Talab, Qazi Sadeq-Ur Rahman, Adnan A Hyder
Over one-quarter of deaths among 1-4 year-olds in Bangladesh were due to drowning in 2003, and the proportion increased to 42% in 2011. This study describes the current burden and risk factors for drowning across all demographics in rural Bangladesh. A household survey was carried out in 51 union parishads of rural Bangladesh between June and November 2013, covering 1.17 million individuals. Information on fatal and nonfatal drowning events was collected by face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446511/learning-to-swim-role-of-gender-age-and-practice-in-latino-children-ages-3-14
#11
Rho Henry Olaisen, Susan Flocke, Thomas Love
OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the effectiveness of a swim skill acquisition intervention among Latino youths, ages 3-14, a minority population at increased risk of drowning. METHODS: Parents were recruited through community institutions to have their children participate in group swim lessons. Each child's swim ability was assessed at baseline, and they were then exposed to swim lessons over an 8-week period, taught by trained professionals. The swim skill curriculum focused on water safety, flotation and endurance, at five levels of increasing skill acquisition...
April 26, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#12
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012128/death-of-a-seven-month-old-child-in-a-washing-machine-a-case-report
#13
Antonio Osculati, Silvia Damiana Visonà, Laura Re, Marta Sozzi, Francesca Castelli, Luisa Andrello, Claudia Vignali
The authors present a case which brings out a unique modality of child homicide by placing the baby in a washing machine and turning it on. The murder was perpetrated by the baby's mother, who suffered from a serious depressive disorder. A postmortem RX and then a forensic autopsy were performed, followed by histologic examinations and toxicology. On the basis of the results of the autopsy, as well as the histology and the negative toxicological data, the cause of death was identified as acute asphyxia. This diagnosis was rendered in light of the absence of other causes of death, as well as the presence of typical signs of asphyxia, such as epicardial and pleural petechiae and, above all, the microscopic examinations, which pointed out a massive acute pulmonary emphysema...
December 24, 2016: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766374/trends-in-external-causes-of-child-and-adolescent-mortality-in-poland-1999-2012
#14
Aneta Grajda, Zbigniew Kułaga, Beata Gurzkowska, Magdalena Góźdź, Małgorzata Wojtyło, Mieczysław Litwin
OBJECTIVES: To examine the pattern and trend of deaths due to external causes among Polish children and adolescents in 1999-2012, and to compare trends in Poland's neighboring countries. METHODS: Death records were obtained from the Central Statistical Office of Poland. External causes mortality rates (MR) with 95 % confidence interval were calculated. The annual percentage change of MR was examined using linear regression. To compare MR with Belarus, Ukraine, Czech Republic and Germany, data from the European Mortality Database were used...
January 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643706/jumping-together-a-fatal-suicide-pact
#15
Asit Kumar Sikary, Rajanikanta Swain, Shivani Dhaka, Sudhir K Gupta, Abhishek Yadav
In suicide pact, two or more victims mutually agree and execute to end their lives together by predetermined method, preferably by hanging, drowning, gunshot, or poisoning. The victims are usually spouses, lovers, or friends, and the reasons behind such steps are various. In this reported suicide pact, husband-wife duo jumped from the terrace of a 12-meter-high building with their wrist bound to each other. Although they jumped together, the injury patterns were completely different. The man landed on head sustaining mainly craniocerebral injuries, and the wife landed on feet sustaining long bone injuries...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27399740/disparities-in-under-five-child-injury-mortality-between-developing-and-developed-countries-1990-2013
#16
Yun Huang, Yue Wu, David C Schwebel, Liang Zhou, Guoqing Hu
OBJECTIVE: Using estimates from the 2013 Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study, we update evidence on disparities in under-five child injury mortality between developing and developed countries from 1990 to 2013. METHODS: Mortality rates were accessed through the online visualization tool by the GBD study 2013 group. We calculated percent change in child injury mortality rates between 1990 and 2013. Data analysis was conducted separately for <1 year and 1-4 years to specify age differences in rate changes...
July 7, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358550/acanthamoeba-infection-in-a-drowning-child
#17
Prastiya Indra Gunawan, Areta Idarto, Darto Saharso
BACKGROUND: Acanthamoeba infection is a potential life-threatening complication of drowning. The management of drowning-associated Acanthamoeba infection remains controversial. Survival reports on Acanthamoeba infection have been on case reports only. CASE DETAILS: A 2-year-old, previously healthy Indonesian boy presented with decreased consciousness and inadequate breathing, followingdrowning. The event was unsupervised with unknown estimated time of submersion...
May 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207621/formative-research-to-develop-theory-based-messages-for-a-western-australian-child-drowning-prevention-television-campaign-study-protocol
#18
Mel Denehy, Gemma Crawford, Justine Leavy, Lauren Nimmo, Jonine Jancey
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, children under the age of 5 years are at particular risk of drowning. Responding to this need requires the development of evidence-informed drowning prevention strategies. Historically, drowning prevention strategies have included denying access, learning survival skills and providing supervision, as well as education and information which includes the use of mass media. Interventions underpinned by behavioural theory and formative evaluation tend to be more effective, yet few practical examples exist in the drowning and/or injury prevention literature...
May 20, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184510/-cardiac-dysfunction-secondary-to-an-adrenergic-storm-or-cardiomyopathy-of-stress-among-child-victims-of-traumatism
#19
D D Batouche, K Elhalimi, N F Benatta
OBJECTIVE: To provide information specific to a catecholaminergic storm during a violent stress in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two clinical observations in children who suffered violent trauma. RESULTS: HASH(0x459b388) FIRST CASE: a boy aged 12 years victim of a drowning in Stage 3 admitted to the pediatric intensive care 02.08.2015. He was intubated, ventilated, sedated with benzodiazepines and morphine. Cardiac exploration revealed a global hypokinesis with septal dyskinesia, a 45% FES offset a slight excess of ST, a troponin I to 31...
June 2016: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27084542/change-in-child-mortality-patterns-after-injuries-in-sweden-a-nationwide-14-year-study
#20
D Bäckström, I Steinvall, F Sjöberg
INTRODUCTION: Sweden has one of the world's lowest child injury mortality rates, but injuries are still the leading cause of death among children. Child injury mortality in the country has been declining, but this decline seems to decrease recently. Our objective was therefore to further examine changes in the mortality of children's death from injury over time and to assess the contribution of various effects on mortality. The underlying hypothesis for this investigation is that the incidence of lethal injuries in children, still is decreasing and that this may be sex specific...
June 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
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