keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Review pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927877/platelet-transfusions-in-the-picu-does-disease-severity-matter
#1
Arun Saini, Alina N West, Camden Harrell, Tamekia L Jones, Marianne E Nellis, Ashwini D Joshi, Krista M Cowan, Connor W Gatewood, Alex B Ryder, Ulrike M Reiss
OBJECTIVES: Pediatric intensivists frequently prescribe platelet transfusions to critically ill children, but there are limited data on platelet transfusion practice and platelet transfusion-related outcomes in the PICU. In this study, we evaluated the current platelet transfusion practice and platelet transfusion-related outcomes in the PICU. DESIGN: Institutional review board-approved, retrospective cohort study from January 2010 to March 2016. SETTING: Tertiary-level PICU...
June 20, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927872/nutritional-considerations-in-pediatric-pancreatitis-a-position-paper-from-the-nasphan-pancreas-committee-and-esphan-cystic-fibrosis-pancreas-working-group
#2
Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Aliye Uc, Steven L Werlin, Alvin Jay Freeman, Miglena Georgieva, Danijela Jojkić-Pavkov, Daina Kalnins, Brigitte Kochavi, Bart G P Koot, Stephanie Van Biervliet, Jaroslaw Walkowiak, Michael Wilschanski, Veronique D Morinville
OBJECTIVES: Wide variations exist in how physicians manage the nutritional aspects of children affected by acute pancreatitis (AP), acute recurrent pancreatitis (ARP), and chronic (CP) pancreatitis. Better consensus for optimal management is needed. METHODS: This consensus statement on nutrition in pediatric pancreatic diseases was developed through a joint ESPGHAN-NASPGHAN working group that performed an evidence-based search of the literature on nutrition in AP, ARP, and CP with a focus on pediatrics...
July 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927863/endoscopic-esophageal-vacuum-therapy-a-novel-therapy-for-esophageal-perforations-in-pediatric-patients
#3
Michael A Manfredi, Susannah J Clark, Steven J Staffa, Peter D Ngo, C Jason Smithers, Thomas E Hamilton, Russell W Jennings
BACKGROUND: Esophageal perforation is a potentially life-threatening problem if not quickly diagnosed and treated appropriately. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), commercially known as V.A.C.® therapy, was developed in the early 1990 s and is now standard of care for chronic surface wounds, ulcers, and burns. Adapting vacuum sponge therapy for use intraluminally for perforations of the esophagus was first reported in 2008. We report the first pediatric experience on a customized esophageal vacuum assisted closure (EVAC) device for closure of esophageal perforations...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927792/foam-padding-in-postoperative-lower-extremity-casting-an-inexpensive-way-to-protect-patients
#4
Rajan R Murgai, Edward Compton, Akash R Patel, Deirdre Ryan, Robert M Kay
BACKGROUND: Although postoperative cast immobilization is routinely used in children, it is not without complications. Few studies have focused on interventions to decrease their frequency. The purpose of this study was to determine if foam padding in postoperative lower extremity casts decreased the rate of cast complications. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent lower extremity casting after elective surgery at a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2006 to 2013 was conducted...
June 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927779/leveraging-the-incidence-burden-and-fiscal-implications-of-unplanned-hospital-revisits-for-the-prioritization-of-prevention-efforts-in-pediatric-surgery
#5
Danielle B Cameron, Stephanie K Serres, Charity C Glass, Carly E Milliren, Dionne A Graham, Seema Anandalwar, Hariharan Thangarajah, Adam B Goldin, Matthew Hall, Shawn J Rangel
OBJECTIVE: To characterize procedure-level burden of revisit-associated resource utilization in pediatric surgery with the goal of establishing a prioritization framework for prevention efforts. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Unplanned hospital revisits are costly to the health care system and associated with lost productivity on behalf of patients and their families. Limited objective data exist to guide the prioritization of prevention efforts within pediatric surgery...
June 20, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927643/trends-in-homeless-children-and-young-adults-seeking-shelter-in-a-boston-pediatric-emergency-department-following-state-housing-policy-changes-2011-2016
#6
Mia Kanak, Amanda Stewart, Robert Vinci, Shanshan Liu, Megan Sandel
OBJECTIVES: To describe a trend in emergency department (ED) use by homeless children and young adults before and after a state housing policy change in 2012 and to quantify financial and time costs to the health care system. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed de-identified electronic medical records of homeless children and young adults aged 0 to 21 years seeking shelter at an urban tertiary pediatric ED in Boston, Massachusetts, between September 1, 2011, and August 31, 2016...
June 21, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927544/cystic-fibrosis-year-in-review-2017
#7
REVIEW
Adrienne P Savant, Susanna A McColley
In this article, we highlight cystic fibrosis (CF) reports published in Pediatric Pulmonology during 2017. We also include articles from a variety of journals that are related or are of special interest to clinicians.
June 21, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927498/tacrolimus-ointment-for-the-treatment-of-adult-and-pediatric-atopic-dermatitis-review-on-safety-and-benefits
#8
REVIEW
Mamitaro Ohtsuki, Hiroshi Morimoto, Hidemi Nakagawa
Atopic dermatitis (AD) requires long-term management, mainly with topical anti-inflammatory agents. Topical corticosteroids (TCS) and tacrolimus ointment (TAC-O) are recommended as first-line treatments for AD. However, the long-term use of TCS is limited by cutaneous adverse events such as skin atrophy. For TAC-O, Japanese and US labelings were updated in 2003 and 2006, respectively, to include a boxed warning about a theoretical risk of skin cancer and lymphoma in patients treated with topical calcineurin inhibitors...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927059/rapid-rise-in-the-incidence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-pediatric-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-a-southeast-asian-cohort-in-singapore-1994-2015
#9
Christina Ong, Marion M Aw, Maria Janelle Liwanag, Quak Seng Hock, Phua Kong Boo
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological studies on pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) are scarce in Southeast Asia (SEA). Phenotypes of PIBD in Asian were reportedly more complicated than Caucasian in the same western centres. This study aims to evaluate the incidence trend and clinical characteristics of PIBD in a SEA cohort in Singapore over a 22-year period (1994-2015). METHODS: Case records of PIBD ≤ 18years from the only two tertiary pediatric hospitals in Singapore were reviewed for relevant data...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926909/predictors-of-first-line-treatment-success-in-children-and-adolescents-visiting-an-infusion-center-for-acute-migraine
#10
Serena L Orr, Marielle A Kabbouche, Paul S Horn, Hope L O'Brien, Joanne Kacperski, Susan LeCates, Shannon White, Jessica Weberding, Mimi N Miller, Scott W Powers, Andrew D Hershey
OBJECTIVES: To characterize a population of pediatric patients visiting an infusion center for acute migraine and determine predictors of first-line treatment success in this population. BACKGROUND: Though migraine is common in the pediatric emergency department and specialized infusion centers, little is known about this patient population and whether or not clinical data can be used to predict treatment response. METHODS: This was an observational study involving a retrospective analysis of data from visits to the Cincinnati Children's Hospital infusion center for treatment of an acute migraine...
June 21, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926323/disorders-of-mitochondrial-long-chain-fatty-acid-oxidation-and-the-carnitine-shuttle
#11
REVIEW
Suzan J G Knottnerus, Jeannette C Bleeker, Rob C I Wüst, Sacha Ferdinandusse, Lodewijk IJlst, Frits A Wijburg, Ronald J A Wanders, Gepke Visser, Riekelt H Houtkooper
Mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation is an essential pathway for energy production, especially during prolonged fasting and sub-maximal exercise. Long-chain fatty acids are the most abundant fatty acids in the human diet and in body stores, and more than 15 enzymes are involved in long-chain fatty acid oxidation. Pathogenic mutations in genes encoding these enzymes result in a long-chain fatty acid oxidation disorder in which the energy homeostasis is compromised and long-chain acylcarnitines accumulate. Symptoms arise or exacerbate during catabolic situations, such as fasting, illness and (endurance) exercise...
June 20, 2018: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926146/rater-reliability-of-postnatal-urinary-tract-dilation-consensus-classification
#12
Susan J Back, J Christopher Edgar, Dana A Weiss, Edward R Oliver, Richard D Bellah, Kassa Darge
BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary urinary tract dilation (UTD) classification system was published in 2014 to standardize definitions and renal/bladder ultrasound image interpretation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate intra- and inter-rater reliability of this system on postnatal RBUS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal/bladder US of 60 infants (<12 months) with urinary tract dilation were anonymized, retrospectively reviewed and scored twice using the UTD classification system by a pediatric urologist and four pediatric radiologists...
June 20, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925723/regenerative-therapy-for-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#13
Naritaka Kimura
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect, affecting 1 in 100 babies. Among CHDs, single ventricle (SV) physiologies, such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome and tricuspid atresia, are particularly severe conditions that require multiple palliative surgeries, including the Fontan procedure. Although the management strategies for SV patients have markedly improved, the prevalence of ventricular dysfunction continues to increase over time, especially after the Fontan procedure. At present, the final treatment for SV patients who develop heart failure is heart transplantation; however, transplantation is difficult to achieve because of severe donor shortages...
June 19, 2018: Keio Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925038/milestone-ratings-and-supervisory-role-categorizations-swim-together-but-is-the-water-muddy
#14
Daniel J Schumacher, Kathleen W Bartlett, Sean P Elliott, Catherine Michelson, Tanvi Sharma, Lynn C Garfunkel, Beth King, Alan Schwartz
PURPOSE: This single specialty, multi-institutional study aimed to determine: 1) the association between milestone ratings for individual competencies and average milestone ratings (AMRs) and 2) the association between AMRs and recommended supervisory role categorizations made by individual clinical competency committee (CCC) members. METHODS: During the 2015-16 academic year, CCC members at 14 pediatric residencies reported milestone ratings for 21 competencies and recommended supervisory role categories (may not supervise, may supervise in some settings, may supervise in all settings) for residents they reviewed...
June 17, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924893/reliability-of-heartsmap-as-a-tool-for-evaluating-psychosocial-assessment-documentation-practices-in-emergency-departments-for-pediatric-mental-health-complaints
#15
Carson Gill, Brendan Arnold, Sean Nugent, Alykhan Rajwani, Michael Xu, Tyler Black, Quynh Doan
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the reliability of HEARTSMAP as a standardized tool for evaluating the quality of psychosocial assessment documentation of pediatric mental health presentations to the emergency department. In addition, we report on current documentation practices. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study of pediatric (up to age 17) mental health-related visits to four emergency departments between April 1, 2013 and March 31, 2014...
June 20, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924758/non-syndromic-craniosynostosis-in-children-scoping-review
#16
A Garrocho-Rangel, L Manríquez-Olmos, J Flores-Velázquez, M-A Rosales-Berber, R Martínez-Rider, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis (CS) is a complex condition consisting of the early fusion of one or more cranial sutures in the intrauterine stage. The affected infant exhibits abnormal head shape at time of birth or shortly thereafter. It can be observed in normal individuals (non-syndromic CS or NSCS) or as a part of a multisystem syndrome. The purposes of the present article were to carry out a scoping review on Non-Syndromic CS and to discuss the most important findings retrieved. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The steps of this scoping review were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles...
June 20, 2018: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923935/comparison-of-pediatric-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-quality-in-classic-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-extracorporeal-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-events-using-video-review
#17
Mahsheed Taeb, Amanda B Levin, Michael C Spaeder, Jamie M Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: To assess differences in cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality in classic cardiopulmonary resuscitation versus extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation events using video recordings of actual pediatric cardiac arrest events. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective, observational trial. SETTING: Tertiary-care pediatric teaching hospital, cardiac ICU. PATIENTS: All patients admitted to the pediatric cardiac ICU with cardiopulmonary resuscitation events lasting greater than 2 minutes captured on video...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923367/cerebral-venous-sinus-thrombosis
#18
REVIEW
Marco Capecchi, Maria Abbattista, Ida Martinelli
The cerebral venous system is an unusual site of thrombosis, with a particularly high incidence in young adults. This incidence has increased in past decades because of the improvement of neuroradiological techniques. Risk factors for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis overlap with those of other venous thromboembolism sites, however, some are specific for this particular anatomical district. Prognosis is favorable in most cases if diagnosis is made rapidly and treatment is promptly initiated, even if acute complications or chronic invalidity still occur in a quarter of patients...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923253/comparison-of-survival-outcome-between-donor-types-or-stem-cell-sources-for-childhood-acute-myeloid-leukemia-after-allogenic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-multicenter-retrospective-study-of-study-alliance-of-yeungnam-pediatric-hematology-oncology
#19
Ye Jee Shim, Jae Min Lee, Heung Sik Kim, Nani Jung, Young Tak Lim, Eu Jeen Yang, Jeong Ok Hah, Young-Ho Lee, Hee Won Chueh, Jae Young Lim, Eun Sil Park, Jeong A Park, Ji Kyoung Park, Sang Kyu Park
We compared transplant outcomes between donor types and stem cell sources for childhood acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The medical records of children with AML in the Yeungnam region of Korea from January 2000 to June 2017 were reviewed. In all, 76 children with AML (male-to-female ratio = 46:30) received allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). In total, 29 patients received HSCT from either a matched-related donor or a mismatched-related donor, 32 patients received an unrelated donor, and 15 patients received umbilical cord blood...
June 19, 2018: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923186/environmental-risk-factors-and-non-pharmacological-non-surgical-interventions-for-obesity-an-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses-of-cohort-studies-and-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Marco Solmi, Cristiano A Köhler, Brendon Stubbs, Ai Koyanagi, Beatrice Bortolato, Francesco Monaco, Davy Vancampfort, Myrela O Machado, Michael Maes, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Joseph Firth, John P A Ioannidis, André F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Multiple environmental factors have been implicated in obesity and multiple interventions, besides drugs and surgery, have been assessed in obese patients. Results are scattered across many studies and meta-analyses and they often mix obese and overweight individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched through January 21st , 2017 for meta-analyses of cohort studies assessing environmental risk factors for obesity, and randomized controlled trials investigating non-pharmacological, non-surgical therapeutic interventions for obesity...
June 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
keyword
keyword
97032
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"