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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679858/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-apo-9-fucoxanthinone-via-inhibition-of-mapks-and-nf-kb-signaling-pathway-in-lps-stimulated-raw-264-7-macrophages-and-zebrafish-model
#1
Eun-A Kim, Seo-Young Kim, Bo-Ram Ye, Junseong Kim, Seok-Chun Ko, Won Woo Lee, Kil-Nam Kim, Il-Whan Choi, Won-Kyo Jung, Soo-Jin Heo
In this study, we confirmed the anti-inflammatory effect of Apo-9-fucoxanthinone (AF) in in vitro RAW 264.7 cells and in vivo zebrafish model. In lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated zebrafish, AF significantly decreased the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), nitric oxide (NO) and cell death. In addition, the mRNA expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), suppressed cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and an inflammatory cytokines; IL-1β, TNF-α were shown reduction. And AF significantly inhibited NO production and expression of iNOS in LPS-stimulated RAW 264...
April 18, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679801/metabolic-control-apoe-genotypes-and-dyslipidemia-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Maddalena Macedoni, Tinka Hovnik, Emil Plesnik, Primoz Kotnik, Natasa Bratina, Tadej Battelino, Urh Groselj
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Limited data is available on the factors influencing the lipid profiles and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. We aimed at assessing the influences of metabolic control and ApoE genotypes on lipid profiles and the prevalence of dyslipidemia in children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Children, adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes from our nationwide cohort attending the annual check-up were prospectively included...
April 12, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678935/atrophy-patterns-in-cerebral-amyloid-angiopathy-with-and-without-cortical-superficial-siderosis
#3
Joonho Kim, Han Kyu Na, Jeong-Hyeon Shin, Hee Jin Kim, Sang Won Seo, Joon-Kyung Seong, Duk L Na
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differential atrophy patterns based on the presence of cortical superficial siderosis (cSS) and the role of cSS in predicting amyloid positivity in memory clinic patients fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for probable cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA). METHODS: We retrospectively collected data from 44 cognitively impaired patients with probable CAA who underwent 3-dimensional, T1-weighted MRIs (cSS+, n = 27; cSS-, n = 17). Amyloid-positive patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) (n = 56) and amyloid-negative cognitively normal participants (n = 34) were recruited as controls...
April 20, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678753/human-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-differentially-affects-olfactory-behavior-and-sensory-physiology-in-mice
#4
Brett S East, Gloria Fleming, Kathy Peng, Jonas K Olofsson, Efrat Levy, Paul M Mathews, Donald A Wilson
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is an important lipid carrier in both the periphery and the brain. The ApoE ε4 allele (ApoE4) is the single most important genetic risk-factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) while the ε 2 allele (ApoE2) is associated with a lower risk of AD-related neurodegeneration compared to the most common variant, ε 3 (ApoE3). ApoE genotype affects a variety of neural circuits; however, the olfactory system appears to provide early biomarkers of ApoE genotype effects. Here, we directly compared olfactory behavior and olfactory system physiology across all three ApoE genotypes in 6-month- and 12-month-old mice with targeted replacement for the human ApoE2, ApoE3, or ApoE4 genes...
April 17, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678642/heat-shock-protein-70-accelerates-atherosclerosis-by-downregulating-the-expression-of-abca1-and-abcg1-through-the-jnk-elk-1-pathway
#5
Zhen-Wang Zhao, Min Zhang, Ling-Yan Chen, Duo Gong, Xiao-Dan Xia, Xiao-Hua Yu, Si-Qi Wang, Xiang Ou, Xiao-Yan Dai, Xi-Long Zheng, Da-Wei Zhang, Chao-Ke Tang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Recent studies have suggested that heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) may play critical roles in cardiovascular disease. However, the effects of HSP70 on the development of atherosclerosis in apoE-/- mice remain largely unknown. This study was to investigate the role and potential mechanism of HSP70 in atherosclerosis. METHODS: HSP70 was overexpressed in apoE-/- mice and THP-1-derived macrophages with lentiviral vectors. Oil Red O, hematoxylin-eosin, and Masson staining were performed to evaluate atherosclerotic plaque in apoE-/- mice fed the Western type diet...
April 17, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678178/status-of-lipid-and-lipoprotein-in-female-breast-cancer-patients-at-initial-diagnosis-and-during-chemotherapy
#6
Xin Li, Zi-Li Liu, Yu-Tuan Wu, He Wu, Wei Dai, Bilal Arshad, Zhou Xu, Hao Li, Kai-Nan Wu, Ling-Quan Kong
BACKGROUND: The lipid profile status among breast cancer patients at initial diagnosis and during chemotherapy remain controversial. The aim of this study is to study the status of lipid and lipoprotein in female breast cancer patients at initial diagnosis and during chemotherapy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of the status of the lipid and lipoprotein in 1054 primarily diagnosed breast cancer patients and 2483 normal controls with age stratification, from July 2015 to October 2016...
April 20, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677482/allosteric-ligands-for-the-pharmacologically-important-flavivirus-target-ns5-from-zinc-database-based-on-pharmacophoric-points-free-energy-calculations-and-dynamics-correlation
#7
Abbas Khan, Shoaib Saleem, Muhammad Idrees, Syed Shujait Ali, Muhammad Junaid, Aman Chandra Kaushik, Dong-Qing Wei
Dengue virus belongs to a group of human pathogens, which causes different diseases, dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome in humans. It possesses RNA as a genetic material and is replicated with the aid of NS5 protein. RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) is an important domain of NS5 in the replication of that virus. The catalytic process activity of RdRp is making it an important target for antiviral chemical therapy. To date, No FDA drug has been approved and marketed for the treatment of diseases caused by Dengue virus...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677125/detrimental-effects-of-helium-ion-irradiation-on-cognitive-performance-and-cortical-levels-of-map-2-in-b6d2f1-mice
#8
Jacob Raber, Eileen Ruth S Torres, Tunde Akinyeke, Joanne Lee, Sydney J Weber Boutros, Mitchell S Turker, Amy Kronenberg
The space radiation environment includes helium (⁴He) ions that may impact brain function. As little is known about the effects of exposures to ⁴He ions on the brain, we assessed the behavioral and cognitive performance of C57BL/6J × DBA2/J F1 (B6D2F1) mice three months following irradiation with ⁴He ions (250 MeV/n; linear energy transfer (LET) = 1.6 keV/μm; 0, 21, 42 or 168 cGy). Sham-irradiated mice and mice irradiated with 21 or 168 cGy showed novel object recognition, but mice irradiated with 42 cGy did not...
April 20, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676505/differential-reactivity-of-metal-binding-domains-of-copper-atpases-towards-cisplatin-and-colocalization-of-copper-and-platinum
#9
Tiantian Fang, Yao Tian, Siming Yuan, Yaping Sheng, Arnesano Fabio, Giovanni Natile, Yangzhong Liu
P-type ATPases, including MNK and WLN proteins, are responsible for active Cu efflux. These ATPases are also associated with resistance to cisplatin. In this work, we produced different metal-binding domains (MBDs) of ATPase (9 out of 12 domains), and compared their reactivity towards cisplatin. The reaction rates of the MBDs can be largely different; the reaction of MNK6 is about 6 times faster than that of WLN2. Copper coordination favors the platination of the MBDs to different extents. The rate of platination was generally grater for holo-MBDs than for apo-MBDS (particularly in the case of WLN4 and WLN2), however it was negligibly affected in the case of MNK6...
April 20, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676229/viral-induced-oxidative-and-inflammatory-response-in-alzheimer-s-disease-pathogenesis-with-identification-of-potential-drug-candidates-a-systematic-review-using-systems-biology-approach
#10
Puneet Talwar, Renu Gupta, Suman Kushwaha, Rachna Agarwal, Luciano Saso, Shrikant Kukreti, Ritushree Kukreti
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is genetically complex with multifactorial etiology. Here, we aim to identify the potential viral pathogens leading to aberrant inflammatory and oxidative stress response in AD along with potential drug candidates using systems biology approach. We retrieved protein interactions of amyloid precursor protein (APP) and tau protein (MAPT) from NCBI and genes for oxidative stress from NetAge, for inflammation from NetAge and InnateDB databases. Genes implicated in aging were retrieved from GenAge database and two GEO expression datasets...
April 19, 2018: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675736/decreased-content-rate-of-synthesis-and-export-of-cholesterol-in-the-brain-of-apoe-knockout-mice
#11
Valéria Sutti Nunes, Patrícia Miralda Cazita, Sérgio Catanozi, Edna Regina Nakandakare, Eder Carlos Rocha Quintão
Apolipoprotein E knockout (apoE-KO) mice present synaptic loss, cognitive dysfunction, and high plasma lipid levels that may affect brain function simulating Alzheimer disease. Plasma and brain sterols were measured in apoE-KO and in wild type control mice on a cholesterol-free, phytosterol-containing diet by gas chromatography coupled to a mass spectrometer. Plasma cholesterol and phytosterols (campesterol and sitosterol) were higher in apoE-KO compared to control mice. Cholesterol precursors (desmosterol and lathosterol) were not detected in plasma of control mice but were present in apoE-KO mice...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Bioenergetics and Biomembranes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675648/multi-wavelength-analytical-ultracentrifugation-of-human-serum-albumin-complexed-with-porphyrin
#12
Courtney N Johnson, Gary E Gorbet, Heidi Ramsower, Julio Urquidi, Lorenzo Brancaleon, Borries Demeler
The new Beckman Coulter Optima AUC instrument, which features multi-wavelength detection that couples the hydrodynamic separation of colloidal mixtures to spectral deconvolution of interacting and non-interacting solutes present in a mixture, was used to analyze the composition of human serum albumin (HSA) bound to metallo-protoporphyrin. We present new methods implemented in UltraScan that permit Optima AUC-derived multi-wavelength data to be spectrally decomposed in the same fashion as has been made possible for the Cölfen detector earlier...
April 19, 2018: European Biophysics Journal: EBJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674605/brain-training-games-enhance-cognitive-function-in-healthy-subjects
#13
Abdulrahman Al-Thaqib, Fahad Al-Sultan, Abdullah Al-Zahrani, Fahad Al-Kahtani, Khalid Al-Regaiey, Muhammad Iqbal, Shahid Bashir
BACKGROUND Brain training games (BTG) are believed to play a major role in improving cognitive functions. The current study evaluated if BTG showed positive impact on attention and memory functions compared with baseline visit in healthy subjects. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study was carried out from October 2015 until April 2016 in the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, King Saud University and in King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We enrolled 51 normal healthy subjects to use a computerized cognitive training game (Lumosity) for exercises that target a range of cognitive functions, including attention, processing speed, visual memory, and executive functions for about 15 min per day, at least 7 days per week, for 3 weeks...
April 20, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674058/a-novel-protein-digestion-method-with-the-assistance-of-alternating-current-denaturation-for-high-efficient-protein-digestion-and-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#14
Xiaoxun Han, Yiming Xie, Qin Wu, Shuaibin Wu
Protein denaturation has always displayed a huge necessity for mass spectrometry (MS)-based protein identification methods in proteomics. In this research, a novel protein digestion method with the assistance of alternating current (AC) denaturation has been proposed and evaluated. In this method, merely, 200 mM ammonium bicarbonate buffer solution (pH, 8.2) was used to dissolve proteins and act as the electrolyte, and protein denaturation could be achieved in several seconds. For apo-transferrin, ovalbumin and bovine serum albumin that are resistant to digestion in their native states, confident amino acid sequence coverage by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) analysis were obtained after 200 v AC denaturation...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673854/silencing-of-non-pou-domain-containing-octamer-binding-protein-stabilizes-atherosclerotic-plaque-in-apolipoprotein-e-knockout-mice-via-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#15
Kai Zhang, Fang Zhang, Jian-Min Yang, Jing Kong, Xiao Meng, Meng Zhang, Cheng Zhang, Yun Zhang
BACKGROUND: It remains unknown whether Non-POU-domain-containing octamer-binding protein (NonO) plays a causative role in plaque destabilization. We hypothesized that NonO gene silencing may stabilize atherosclerotic plaque by increasing P4Hα1 expression and inhibiting the inflammation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Vulnerable atherosclerotic plaques were induced in ApoE-/- mice by high fat diet, perivascular collar placement and mental stress. Compared with normal carotid arteries, those contained vulnerable plaques had high NonO expression...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673593/augmented-neutrophil-extracellular-traps-formation-promotes-atherosclerosis-development-in-socially-defeated-apoe-mice
#16
Keita Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Yamada, Noriyuki Wakana, Masakazu Kikai, Kensuke Terada, Naotoshi Wada, Shinichiro Motoyama, Makoto Saburi, Takeshi Sugimoto, Daisuke Kami, Takehiro Ogata, Masakazu Ibi, Chihiro Yabe-Nishimura, Satoaki Matoba
Depression is an independent risk factor of cardiovascular disease (CVD); however, the causal association remains undefined. We exposed mice to repeated social defeat (RSD) to precipitate depressive-like behaviors, and investigated the effects on atherosclerosis. Eight-week-old male apoE-/- mice were exposed to RSD by housing with a larger CD-1 mouse in a shared home cage. They were subjected to vigorous physical contact daily for 10 consecutive days and fed a high-cholesterol diet (HCD) for 6 weeks. The social interaction ratio and immobility time showed dramatic social avoidance before and after HCD feeding...
April 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673358/contribution-of-tlr4-signaling-in-intermittent-hypoxia-mediated-atherosclerosis-progression
#17
Xianqin Zeng, Rong Guo, Mei Dong, Julia Zheng, Huili Lin, Huixia Lu
BACKGROUND: Intermittent hypoxia (IH), a typical character of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), is related to atherogenesis. However, the role of IH on atherosclerosis (AS) progression and the mechanisms involved remains poorly understood. METHODS: In the present study, high-fat fed ApoE-/- mice were treated with recombinant shRNA-TLR4 lentivirus and exposed to IH. Atherosclerotic lesions on the en face aorta and cross-sections of aortic root were examined by Oil-Red O staining...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672839/s-nitrosylation-of-prostacyclin-synthase-instigates-nitrate-cross-tolerance-in-vivo
#18
Sheng-Nan Zhou, Jun-Xiu Lu, Xue-Qing Wang, Mei-Rong Shan, Zhang Miao, Guo-Pin Pan, Xu Jian, Peng Li, Song Ping, Xin-Yan Pang, Yong-Ping Bai, Chao Liu, Shuang-Xi Wang
Development of nitrate tolerance is a major drawback to nitrate therapy. Prostacyclin (PGI2) is a powerful vasodilator produced from prostaglandin (PGH2) by prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) in endothelial cells. This study was to determine the role of PGIS S-nitrosylation in nitrate tolerance induced by nitroglycerin (GTN). In endothelial cells, GTN increased PGIS S-nitrosylation and disturbed PGH2 metabolism, which were normalized by mutants of PGIS cysteine 231/441 to alanine (C231/441A). Clearance of NO by carboxy-PTIO or inhibition of S-nitrosylation by N-acetyl-cysteine decreased GTN-induced PGIS S-nitrosylation...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672664/longitudinal-brain-imaging-in-preclinical-alzheimer-disease-impact-of-apoe-%C3%A9-4-genotype
#19
Shruti Mishra, Tyler M Blazey, David M Holtzman, Carlos Cruchaga, Yi Su, John C Morris, Tammie L S Benzinger, Brian A Gordon
While prior work reliably demonstrates that the APOE ɛ4 allele has deleterious group level effects on Alzheimer disease pathology, the homogeneity of its influence across the lifespan and spatially in the brain remains unknown. Further it is unclear what combinations of factors at an individual level lead to observed group level effects of APOE genotype. To evaluate the impact of the APOE genotype on disease trajectories, we examined longitudinal MRI and PET imaging in a cohort of 497 cognitively normal middle and older aged participants...
April 17, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672279/associations-between-apolipoprotein-e-gene-polymorphisms-and-cardiovascular-complications-of-uremic-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#20
Chang-Zhi Zheng, Xiang-Ming Qi, Yong-Bing Shu, You-Wei Bai, Yong-Gui Wu
This study is to investigate the associations between apolipoprotein E (ApoE) gene polymorphisms and cardiovascular complications of uremic patients on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). Uremic patients on MHD (189, case group) and healthy people (165, control group) were recruited. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was used to test ApoE gene polymorphisms. Indicators of MHD and cardiovascular complications were observed. Compared with the control group, the case group had decreased frequency of ε3/3 genotype and ε3 allele and increased ε4/3 genotype and ε4 allele...
April 19, 2018: Blood Purification
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