Read by QxMD icon Read

Hepatosplenic candidiasis

A M Y Yong, S S Yang, K B Tan, S A Ho
The Trichosporon species are yeast-like opportunistic pathogens in immunocompromised patients. Trichosporon asahii infections have been reported in pediatric bone marrow transplant (BMT) patients. However, its incidence is low in the adult literature. A 52-year-old Chinese woman who was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia received induction chemotherapy and underwent allogenic bone marrow transplant, which was complicated by a relapse and required salvage chemotherapy. She developed persistent non-neutropenic fever secondary to presumed hepatosplenic candidiasis...
May 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Joffrey van Prehn, C Willemien Menke-van der Houven van Oordt, Madelon L de Rooij, Ellen Meijer, Marije K Bomers, Karin van Dijk
INTRODUCTION: Patients with a history of chemotherapy or stem cell transplantation (SCT) and prolonged neutropenia are at risk for hepatic and/or splenic seeding of Candida. In our experience, hepatosplenic candidiasis (HSC) without documented candidemia often remains unrecognized. CASE PRESENTATIONS: We describe three cases of HSC without documented candidemia and the challenges in establishing the diagnosis and adequately treating this condition. The first patient had a history of SCT for treatment of breast cancer and was scheduled for hemihepatectomy for suspected liver metastasis...
August 2017: Oncologist
Lale Aydın Kaynar, Zübeyde Nur Özkurt, Burcu Ülküden, Özlem Güzel Tunçcan, Gülbin Aygencel, Nalan Akyürek, Ayşe Kalkancı
Saprochaete capitata (formerly known as Geotrichum capitatum and Blastoschizomyces capitatus) is a rare invasive fungal agent that may lead to mortal clinical course in patients with hematological malignancies. This agent can be colonized in skin, lungs and intestines, and it can cause major opportunistic infections. Invasive systemic infections due to S.capitata have been reported in immunosuppressed patients. In this report, two patients with invasive S.capitata infections detected during the course of persistent neutropenic fever in acute leukemia, were presented...
October 2016: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Olga Zając-Spychała, Bogna Ukielska, Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Benigna Konatkowska, Jacek Wachowiak
Hepatosplenic candidiasis also known as chronic disseminated candidiasis is a rare manifestation of invasive fungal infection typically observed in patients with acute leukemia in prolonged, deep neutropenia. Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) is an inflammatory disorder triggered by rapid resolution of neutropenia. Diagnosis and treatment of IRIS are still challenging due to a variety of clinical symptoms, lack of certain diagnostic criteria, and no standards of treatment. The diagnosis of IRIS is even more difficult in patients with hematological malignancies complicated by "probable" invasive fungal infection, when fungal pathogen is still uncertain...
2016: Case Reports in Hematology
Domenico Albano, Giovanni Bosio, Mattia Bertoli, Giulia Petrilli, Francesco Bertagna
Hepatosplenic candidiasis is a fungal infection, which mostly affects patients with hematologic malignancies such as leukemia. The pathogenesis of this infection is not clear yet, and the liver is the most commonly affected organ. Diagnosis of hepatosplenic candidiasis can be only established via biopsy, since computed tomography (CT) scan, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) yield non-specific results. The role of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography /computed tomography ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) in diagnosis of hepatosplenic candidiasis remains undetermined, considering a few evidences in the literature...
2016: Asia Oceania Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Biology
Nataša Čolović, Valentina Arsić Arsenijević, Nada Suvajdžić, Irena Djunić, Dragica Tomin
INTRODUCTION: Acute leukemias treatment requires strong chemotherapy. Patients that develop bone marrow aplasia become immunocompromised, thus becoming liable to bacterial and fungal infections. Fungal infections caused by Candida are frequent. Hepatosplenic candidiasis (HSC) is a frequent consequence of invasive candidiasis which is clinically presented with prolonged febrility unresponsive to antibiotics. CASE OUTLINE: A 53-year-old patient with acute myeloid leukemia was submitted to standard chemotherapy "3+7" regimen (daunoblastine 80 mg i...
May 2015: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Yuan Wu, Hai-jian Zhou, Jie Che, Wen-ge Li, Fu-ning Bian, Shuan-bao Yu, Li-juan Zhang, Jinxing Lu
BACKGROUND: Candida tropicalis is considered to be the leading pathogen causing nosocomial fungemia and hepatosplenic fungal infections in patients with cancer, particularly those with leukemia. Microsatellite-based typing methods using sets of genetic markers have been developed and reported for population structure analysis of C. albicans, C. glabrata, and C. parapsilosis, but no studies have been published for genetic analysis of C. tropicalis. The objective of this study was to develop new microsatellite loci that have the ability to distinguish among C...
2014: BMC Microbiology
S Jennane, H Eddou, E-M Mahtat, J Konopacki, B Souleau, J-V Malfuson, T de Revel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses
Thomas S Y Chan, Harinder Gill, Yu-Yan Hwang, Joycelyn Sim, Alan C T Tse, Florence Loong, Pek-Lan Khong, Eric Tse, Anskar Y H Leung, Chor-Sang Chim, Albert K W Lie, Yok-Lam Kwong
The frequency of breakthrough invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) during echinocandin therapy is unclear. We retrospectively analyzed 534 hematologic patients treated with echinocandin (caspofungin, N = 55; micafungin, N = 306; anidulafungin, N = 173). Four proven IFDs were found, caused by Candida parapsilosis (N = 2), C. parapsilosis and Candida glabrata (N = 1), and Fusarium species (N = 1). Four cases of possible IFDs were observed, all showing pulmonary infection. One case showed features suggestive of hepatosplenic candidiasis...
March 2014: Annals of Hematology
Cengiz Bayram, Ali Fettah, Nese Yarali, Abdurrahman Kara, Fatih Mehmet Azik, Betul Tavil, Bahattin Tunc
Candida infections are the most frequent infections in neutropenic patients. Hepatosplenic candidiasis (HSC) is a part of disseminated Candida infection that occurs most commonly in patients with hematologic malignancies treated with chemotherapy and requires protracted antifungal therapy. During invasive mycosis with rapid resolution of immunosuppression, immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) which mimics treatment failure, drug toxicity or breakthrough infections may occur. Manifestation period, histopathologic findings and favorable effect of steroids to its inflammatory symptoms strongly suggest that HSC belongs to the invasive fungal infection induced IRIS...
2012: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
N De Castro, E Mazoyer, R Porcher, E Raffoux, F Suarez, P Ribaud, O Lortholary, J-M Molina
We report a retrospective study of 24 patients with haematological malignancy and hepatosplenic candidiasis. Clinical and biological features were similar to previous reports. No patient previously received antifungal prophylaxis. Liver or spleen histological examination revealed yeasts in 6/24 patients (25%) on direct examination but all cultures were negative. After a median duration of 7 months, antifungal treatment was discontinued in 58% of the patients with no relapse. Eleven (46%) patients died during follow up...
June 2012: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
B Rammaert, A Desjardins, O Lortholary
Chronic disseminated candidosis, often referred to as hepatosplenic candidosis (HSC), is an infection due to Candida spp. that mainly involves the liver and spleen. HSC occurs mostly in patients after profound and prolonged neutropenia, which is more often seen in patients with acute haematological malignancies. The incidence of HSC ranges from 3% to 29% in patients suffering from Acute Leukaemia. However, it is now seen less frequently with the widespread use of antifungal agents as prophylaxis or as preemptive therapy...
May 2012: Mycoses
O Marchetti, F Lamoth, M Mikulska, C Viscoli, P Verweij, S Bretagne
As culture-based methods for the diagnosis of invasive fungal diseases (IFD) in leukemia and hematopoietic SCT patients have limited performance, non-culture methods are increasingly being used. The third European Conference on Infections in Leukemia (ECIL-3) meeting aimed at establishing evidence-based recommendations for the use of biological tests in adult patients, based on the grading system of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. The following biomarkers were investigated as screening tests: galactomannan (GM) for invasive aspergillosis (IA); β-glucan (BG) for invasive candidiasis (IC) and IA; Cryptococcus Ag for cryptococcosis; mannan (Mn) Ag/anti-mannan (A-Mn) Ab for IC, and PCR for IA...
June 2012: Bone Marrow Transplantation
Michael K W Yang, Y M Lau, F H Lo, Y K Lam, S Y Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
G Michel
Intensified chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation result in severe and prolonged granulocytopenia with an increased risk of invasive fungal infections. The major fungal species that cause serious infections in cancer patients are Candida species and Aspergillus species. The main features of Candida infection in this context are oropharyngeal candidiasis and Candida esophagitis, chronic disseminated candidiasis, also known as hepatosplenic candidiasis, and candidemia. Aspergillus can cause severe lung infection but also sinusal or CNS infection...
May 2011: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Nobuhiro Watanabe, Kimikazu Matsumoto, Seiji Kojima, Koji Kato
This study aimed to determine the frequency of invasive fungal infection (IFI) in pediatric patients with hematologic malignancy who received amphotericin B oral suspension and early intravenous fluconazole during the neutropenic phase as prophylaxis for IFI. Records of 743 neutropenic episodes induced by cytotoxic chemotherapy between 1997 and 2008 were retrospectively reviewed to determine risk factors for and frequency of IFI. The overall frequency of IFI was 0.8% (n=6) and frequencies of proven, probable, and possible infections were 0...
May 2011: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
C Hernández Marqués, A Lassaletta-Atienza, M González-Vicent, J Sevilla, B Molina, M Andión, M Cormenzana, A Pérez Martínez, M A Díaz, L Madero
INTRODUCTION: In the last few decades, the survival of children with haematology-oncological malignancies has increased due to more aggressive chemotherapy regimens. This has led to an increase of fungal infections causing significant morbidity and mortality in these patients. Hepatosplenic candidiasis is a disseminated candida infection that affects most commonly the liver and spleen, although other organs may be involved. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 13 paediatric patients diagnosed with hepatosplenic candidiasis from January 2002 to February 2010 in our paediatric haematology-oncology department following the criteria proposed by the EORTC/MSG (European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer and Mycoses study group) updated in 2008...
July 2011: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
Malgorzata Mikulska, Thierry Calandra, Maurizio Sanguinetti, Daniel Poulain, Claudio Viscoli
INTRODUCTION: Timely diagnosis of invasive candidiasis (IC) remains difficult as the clinical presentation is not specific and blood cultures lack sensitivity and need a long incubation time. Thus, non-culture-based methods for diagnosing IC have been developed. Mannan antigen (Mn) and anti-mannan antibodies (A-Mn) are present in patients with IC. On behalf of the Third European Conference on Infections in Leukemia, the performance of these tests was analysed and reviewed. METHODS: The literature was searched for studies using the commercially available sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (Platelia™, Bio-Rad Laboratories, Marnes-la-Coquette, France) for detecting Mn and A-Mn in serum...
2010: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Ozlem Güzel Tunçcan, Zeynep Arzu Yegin, Zübeyde Nur Ozkurt, Gonca Erbaş, Sahika Zeynep Akı, Esin Senol, Münci Yağcı, Gülsan Sucak
OBJECTIVES: Invasive fungal infections (IFI) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. Hepatosplenic candidiasis (HSC) is defined as a distinct form of invasive candidiasis, with liver, spleen, and kidney involvement, in patients with hematological disorders. METHODS: The charts of 255 patients (male/female 168/87; median age 35 (range 16-71) years) who were evaluated pre-HSCT at the Gazi University Hospital Stem Cell Transplantation Unit between 2003 and 2008, were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2010: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Ara Festekjian, Michael Neely
Risk factors for invasive candidiasis in children with candidaemia are poorly defined. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all children with candidaemia at our tertiary children's hospital from 2000 to 2006. Invasive candidiasis was diagnosed by review of the medical record and standardised EORTC/MSG criteria. A variety of risk factors for invasive candidiasis were explored. Of 194 episodes of candidaemia in the microbiology laboratory database, 180 clinical records were available. Evaluation for invasive candidiasis consisted of 174 (97%) echocardiograms, 167 (93%) dilated ophthalmological examinations, 136 (76%) chest CT scans and 108 (60%) abdominal ultrasounds (complete, hepatosplenic or renal)...
March 2011: Mycoses
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"