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management of asthma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150349/frontal-sinus-revision-rate-after-nasal-polyposis-surgery-including-frontal-recess-clearance-and-middle-turbinectomy-a-long-term-analysis
#1
Hakim Benkhatar, Idir Khettab, Philippe Sultanik, Ollivier Laccourreye, Pierre Bonfils
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frontal sinus revision rate after nasal polyposis (NP) surgery including frontal recess clearance (FRC) and middle turbinectomy (MT), to search for predictive factors and to analyse surgical management. METHODS: Longitudinal analysis of 153 patients who consecutively underwent bilateral sphenoethmoidectomy with FRC and MT for NP with a minimum follow-up of 7 years. Decision of revision surgery was made in case of medically refractory chronic frontal sinusitis or frontal mucocele...
November 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150069/effect-of-a-mobile-health-sensor-driven-asthma-management-platform-on-asthma-control
#2
Meredith A Barrett, Olivier Humblet, Justine E Marcus, Kelly Henderson, Ted Smith, Nemr Eid, J Wesley Sublett, Andrew Renda, LaQuandra Nesbitt, David Van Sickle, David Stempel, James L Sublett
BACKGROUND: Asthma inflicts a significant health and economic burden in the United States. Self-management approaches to monitoring and treatment can be burdensome for patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a digital health management program on asthma outcomes. METHODS: Residents of Louisville, Kentucky, with asthma were enrolled in a single-arm pilot study. Participants received electronic inhaler sensors that tracked the time, frequency, and location of short-acting β-agonist (SABA) use...
November 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149776/effect-of-nebulized-3-hypertonic-saline-with-salbutamol-on-management-of-acute-asthma-in-outpatient-adults-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-in-emergency-department
#3
Arash Forouzan, Kambiz Masoumi, Ali Delirrooyfard, Ali Asgari Darian, Laaya Mokhtar Gandomani
Asthma is one of the most common disorders of respiratory tract, management of which still remains as a serious health problem. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of 3% hypertonic saline (HS) plus salbutamol with solely salbutamol on management of acute adults' asthma based on peak flow meter findings. In this double-blind randomized clinical trial, 340 adult patients with acute asthma attacks admitted to emergency department of Ahvaz Golestan and Emam hospitals were enrolled during 2014-2015. The patients were allocated randomly to intervention group (nebulized 2...
October 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143502/-exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-epidemiology-physiopathology-and-management
#4
Fabienne Reinhard-Groebli, Laurent P Nicod
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, associated or not with asthma, describes a transient limitation of airflow in the airways occurring during or after physical activity, regardless of age or training. Bronchoconstriction on exertion is principally induced by thermal and fluid losses of the bronchial mucosa by hyperventilation of large air volumes. Respiratory symptoms are variable and not specific. Among bronchial provocation test, eucapnic voluntary hyperventilation owns the best sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction...
November 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142570/assessment-of-work-related-asthma-cases-our-three-year-experience
#5
Ayse Coskun Beyan, Nur Safak Alici, Arif Cimrin
Objective: Work-related asthma (WRA) is one of the most common occupational diseases. In this study, we aimed to review diagnosing procedures and the characteristics of patients who were diagnosed with WRA. Methods: Between November 2013 and June 2016; 214 patients were referred to our clinic with WRA suspicion by an occupational health specialist, personal visit, chest disease specialists [61 (28%), 51 (23%), and 102 (47%) respectively]. Occupational history, functional and radiological assessment, skin prick test, PEF monitoring were done...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141649/number-and-type-of-guideline-implementation-tools-varies-by-guideline-clinical-condition-country-of-origin-and-type-of-developer-organization-content-analysis-of-guidelines
#6
Laurel Liang, Jhoni Abi Safi, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Guideline implementation tools (GI tools) can improve clinician behavior and patient outcomes. Analyses of guidelines published before 2010 found that many did not offer GI tools. Since 2010 standards, frameworks and instructions for GI tools have emerged. This study analyzed the number and types of GI tools offered by guidelines published in 2010 or later. METHODS: Content analysis and a published GI tool framework were used to categorize GI tools by condition, country, and type of organization...
November 15, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140131/effects-of-inhaled-corticosteroids-on-the-expression-of-tnf-family-molecules-in-murine-model-of-allergic-asthma
#7
Fei Shi, Yarui Zhang, Chen Qiu, Yi Xiong, Manhui Li, Aijun Shan, Ying Yang, Binbin Li
BACKGROUND: The tumor necrosis factor superfamily member LIGHT (the official gene symbol approved by NCBI Gene Database), an inflammatory factor secreted by T cells after allergen exposure, recently discovered to play crucial roles in asthmatic airway remodeling. However, it is unclear whether LIGHT could be controlled by inhaled corticosteroids, a key component of asthma management. This study was to investigate the effects and potential mechanisms of inhaled budesonide on the expressions of LIGHT and its receptors (LTβR and HVEM) of lung tissues in ovalbumin-sensitized mice...
October 2017: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139062/tools-in-asthma-evaluation-and-management-when-and-how-to-use-them
#8
REVIEW
Anna Mulholland, Alana Ainsworth, Naveen Pillarisetti
The goals of asthma management are accurate diagnosis, prompt initiation of treatment and monitoring of disease progression to limit potential morbidity and mortality. While the diagnosis and management is largely based on history taking and clinical examination, there are an increasing number of tools available that could be used to aid diagnosis, define phenotypes, monitor progress and assess response to treatment. Tools such as the Asthma Predictive Index could help in making predictions about the possibility of asthma in childhood based on certain clinical parameters in pre-schoolers...
November 15, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137905/emergency-department-chest-radiography-for-children-with-asthma-exacerbation-is-infrequently-associated-with-change-of-management
#9
Evan H Allie, Henry E Dingle, William N Johnson, Jeffrey R Birnbaum, Melissa A Hilmes, Sudha P Singh, Donald H Arnold
BACKGROUND: Acute asthma exacerbations (AAE) account for many Pediatric Emergency Department (PED) visits. Chest radiography (CXR) is often performed in these patients to identify practice-changing findings such as pneumonia (PNA). Limited knowledge exists to balance the cost and radiation dose of CXR with expected yield of clinically meaningful information. OBJECTIVE: To determine in children with AAE with CXR, whether patient characteristics are associated with radiographic PNA; and significant practice change by initiation of antibiotic...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136374/saffron-against-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-current-status-and-prospective
#10
Mojtaba Shafiee, Nazanin Sadat Aghili Moghaddam, Mohammad Nosrati, Mahsa Tousi, Amir Avan, Mikhail Ryzhikov, Mohammad Reza Parizadeh, Hamid Fiuji, Majid Rajabian, Amirhosein Bahreyni, Majid Khazaei, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian
Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus L., is mainly used as a food coloring and flavoring agent. This agricultural product is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several diseases including asthma, liver disease, menstruation disorders, and, of special interest in this review, in metabolic syndrome. Saffron and its active components including crocin, crocetin and safranal are potential therapeutic candidates for attenuating MetS complications including hypertension, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131536/non-invasive-ventilation-use-in-status-asthmaticus-16%C3%A2-years-of-experience-in-a-tertiary-intensive-care
#11
Kirsten Rl Bond, Carl Ae Horsley, Anthony B Williams
OBJECTIVE: To describe the use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in adults presenting with status asthmaticus to Middlemore Hospital Critical Care Complex (CCC, South Auckland, New Zealand) from 2000 to 2015. METHOD: Retrospective review of all adult asthma admissions to the Hospital CCC between 2000 and 2015. Demographic, physiological, treatment data and blood gas results were recorded. RESULTS: There were 265 asthma admissions to Middlemore Hospital CCC during the study period...
November 12, 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129583/identification-of-atopic-dermatitis-subgroups-in-children-from-two-longitudinal-birth-cohorts
#12
Lavinia Paternoster, Olga E M Savenije, Jon Heron, David M Evans, Judith M Vonk, Bert Brunekreef, Alet H Wijga, A John Henderson, Gerard H Koppelman, Sara J Brown
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a prevalent disease with variable natural history. Longitudinal birth cohort studies provide an opportunity to define subgroups based on disease trajectories, which may represent different genetic and environmental pathomechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the existence of distinct longitudinal phenotypes of AD and test whether these findings are reproducible in two independent cohorts. METHODS: The presence of AD was examined in two birth cohort studies including 9,894 children from the UK (ALSPAC) and 3,652 from the Netherlands (PIAMA)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129307/changes-in-asthma-self-management-knowledge-in-inner-city-adolescents-following-developmentally-sensitive-self-management-training
#13
Jennifer R Mammen, Hyekyun Rhee, Shannska Atis, Annette Grape
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy of a developmentally sensitive curriculum for improving asthma self-management knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy in adolescents. METHODS: Fourty-two inner-city adolescents (ages 16-20) participated in a 12hour asthma self-management training program. Self-management knowledge, attitude toward asthma, and asthma-related self-efficacy were measured using short-answer tests before and after training. T-Tests were used to evaluate impact and effect sizes were calculated...
November 9, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128237/medication-management-in-minnesota-schools-the-need-for-school-nurse-pharmacist-partnerships
#14
Meg M Little, Sara Eischens, Mary Jo Martin, Susan Nokleby, Laura C Palombi, Cynthia Van Kirk, Jayme van Risseghem, Ya-Feng Wen, Jennifer Koziol Wozniak, Erika Yoney, Randall Seifert
BACKGROUND: Pharmacist participation in school medication management (MM) is minimal. School nurses are responsible for increasingly complex medication administration and management in schools. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to 1) assess the MM needs of school nurses in Minnesota, and 2) determine if and how interprofessional partnerships between nurses and pharmacists might optimize MM for students. METHODS: Researchers from the University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy, School Nurse Organization of Minnesota, and Minnesota Department of Health conducted a 32-item online survey of school nurses...
November 8, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120994/inhaled-corticosteroids-in-asthma-promoting-or-protecting-against-atherosclerosis
#15
Michał Podgórski, Maciej Kupczyk, Piotr Grzelak, Małgorzata Bocheńska-Marciniak, Michał Polguj, Piotr Kuna, Ludomir Stefańczyk
BACKGROUND Bronchial asthma is an inflammatory disease of the respiratory system. However, it may also induce systemic effects. Although reports suggest patients with asthma are at increased risk of cardiovascular events, the association between asthma and atherosclerosis is unclear. The aim of the present study was to compare the progression of atherosclerosis between patients with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids and healthy controls. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 102 adult patients with asthma, markers of arterial stiffness (pulse wave velocity and augmentation index) were evaluated by applanation tonometry...
November 9, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120588/association-between-serpinb2-gene-expression-by-real-time-pcr-in-respiratory-epithelial-cells-and-atopic-bronchial-asthma-severity
#16
Nissreen E ELBadawy, Randa S Abdel-Latif, Hoda A El-Hady
Atopic bronchial asthma is chronic respiratory diseases of high frequency and high morbidity and mortality especially in patients refractory to the ordinary medical management. This study aimed to investigate the association between Serpin family B Member 2 (SERPINB2) gene expression and bronchial asthma severity. A total of 127 adult patients with asthma were enrolled in this study. Allergic respiratory symptoms were assessed and patients were classified according to Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) criteria...
January 2017: Egyptian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119851/clinical-characteristics-of-children-infected-with-enterovirus-d68-in-an-outpatient-clinic-and-the-association-with-bronchial-asthma
#17
Tsutomu Itagaki, Yoko Aoki, Yohei Matoba, Shizuka Tanaka, Tatsuya Ikeda, Katsumi Mizuta, Yoko Matsuzaki
BACKGROUND: All reports of increases in severe respiratory disease associated with human enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) are from hospital settings. However, there are few reports describing clinical characteristics in less severely affected populations. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective observational study from January 2010 to December 2015 in Yamagata, Japan. Using regional passive surveillance, 5794 respiratory specimens were collected from children who initially presented to an outpatient clinic with acute respiratory symptoms...
November 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117796/effects-of-varenicline-therapy-in-combination-with-advanced-behavioral-support-on-smoking-cessation-and-quality-of-life-in-inpatients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-bronchial-asthma-or-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-prospective-open-label-preference-based
#18
Alexios Politis, Vasileios Ioannidis, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Zoe Daniil, Chrissi Hatzoglou
Quitting smoking is the most important element in the therapeutic management of chronic respiratory diseases. Combining pharmacotherapy with behavioral support increases smoking cessation success rates. In addition, hospitalized smokers have increased motivation to quit. We investigated the efficacy on smoking cessation, of varenicline in combination with behavioral support, in smokers hospitalized due to (a) acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or (b) bronchial asthma attack, or (c) community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116992/enhancing-worker-health-through-clinical-decision-support-cds-an-introduction-to-a-compilation
#19
Margaret S Filios, Eileen Storey, Sherry Baron, Genevieve B Luensman, Richard N Shiffman
OBJECTIVE: This article outlines an approach to developing clinical decision support (CDS) for conditions related to work and health. When incorporated in electronic health records, such CDS will assist primary care providers (PCPs) care for working patients. METHODS: Three groups of Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) identified relevant clinical practice guidelines, best practices, and reviewed published literature concerning work-related asthma, return-to-work, and management of diabetes at work...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113981/acupressure-for-respiratory-allergic-diseases-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#20
Yaqun Liang, George Binh Lenon, Angela Wei Hong Yang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects and safety of acupressure for the management of respiratory allergic diseases by systematically reviewing randomised controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: A total of 13 electronic English and Chinese databases were searched until July 2017. Two authors extracted data and evaluated risk of bias independently. Review Manager V.5.3 was employed for data analysis. RESULTS: The literature search identified 186 papers, of which only four of met the inclusion criteria: two for allergic rhinitis (AR) and two for asthma...
November 7, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
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