Read by QxMD icon Read

pediatric sinusitis

Muralidhar Pai K, R Chandrasekhar Naidu, A Raja, Y S Rai, Niranjan Kumar, Anand Kini, Santhosh Joseph, Vinod Hegde, H S Ballal, Ramoorthi Rao, Saroja V Sharma, Vinay Kumar Valakatte
Craniopagus twins are conjoined twins fused at the cranium. This is the rarest anomaly seen in conjoined twins and craniopagus twins account for 2- 6% of conjoined twins. Conjoined twins are also extremely rare, with the anomaly seen in about 10-20 subjects per billion births. A female preponderance has been noted. Craniopagus twins can be classified into complete or partial, depending on whether or not they have shared dural venous sinuses. They can be further classified into angular or total depending on the alignment of the inter-twin longitudinal axis...
March 2018: Neurology India
Margaux Alazard, Jérôme Lacotte, Jérôme Horvilleur, Mina Ait-Said, Fiorella Salerno, Vladimir Manenti, Jean-François Piechaud, Jérôme Garot, Damien Bonnet, Alice Maltret
PURPOSE: To evaluate various strategies in order to minimize the risk of coronary injury during posteroseptal accessory pathways ablation in children. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 68 posteroseptal accessory pathways ablation procedures (20 decremental and 48 typical accessory pathways) performed in 62 pediatric patients at our institution between July 2009 and December 2016. Only posteroseptal accessory pathways targeted near or within the coronary sinus were included and ablation was mostly performed using irrigated tip radiofrequency...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Shay Schneider, Joseph Kapelushnik, Mordechai Kraus, Sabri El Saied, Itai Levi, Daniel Michael Kaplan
PURPOSE: Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (OLST) is an intracranial, potentially life-threatening complication of acute and chronic otitis media. Since congenital thrombophilic disorders are risk factors for cerebral venous thrombosis, OLST may be related to thrombophilia. The aim of our study was twofold: to evaluate whether patients who suffered from OLST in childhood also have thrombophilia, and whether these patients experienced thromboembolic episodes in future years. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Camille Aubin-Lemay, Philippe Acar, Nayif Alnaif, Abdulrahman Alamri, Alain Joe Azzi, Sabrina Cugno
The authors present a rare case of nontraumatic medial orbital wall fracture in an 11-year-old girl. Fractures of the orbital wall secondary to nose blowing have not been previously described in the pediatric population. The patient reported a history of chronic forceful nose blowing, followed by periorbital swelling after an episode of vigorous nose blowing. Erroneous diagnoses of sinusitis and periorbital cellulitis lead to unnecessary antibiotic treatment. The authors hypothesize that repeated and aggressive nose blowing is analogous to stress fractures, leading to weakening and eventual fracture of the medial orbital wall...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Shai Tejman-Yarden, Eyal Nof, Roy Beinart, Nadav Ovadia, Yuval Goldshmit, Jonathan Buber, Hagith Yonath, Eitan Keizman, Michael Glikson
Permanent cardiac pacing is the only effective solution for patients with symptomatic bradycardia and heart block. About 10% of patients undergoing implantation of the conventional pacing system develop complications related to the subcutaneous pocket or the leads and in pediatric patients lead problems may rise in up to 30% of the patients. The leadless pacemaker devices were developed in order to minimize some of those complications. We present a case of an 11-year-old patient who presented after the sudden death of his older brother, with recurrent episodes of syncope and documented prolonged sinus pauses...
March 8, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
Syeda Sara Batool Hamdani, Huma Arshad Cheema, Anjum Saeed, Hassan Suleman Malik, Tayaba Sehar
BACKGROUND: Wilson disease (WD) is one of the most common metabolic liver diseases in older children. It has a strong genetic background with autosomal recessive inheritance. WD is a multisystem disorder with predominant hepatic and neurological manifestations and variable age of presentation. The data on cardiac manifestations in children is very limited and only few adult studies are available in the literature. This study was planned to determine the frequency and spectrum of Electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in pediatric WD...
January 2018: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Deniz Aygün, Cezmi Doğan, Mustafa Hepokur, Osman Şevki Arslan, Haluk Çokuğraş, Yıldız Camcıoglu
Aim: Orbital tissue infections are common infections of childhood that can lead to severe complications. Herein, we aimed to evaluate the etiologic factors, diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment procedures in pediatric patients with orbital infections. Material and Methods: This study was performed retrospectively between January 2014 and December 2015 in Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty Pediatric Infectious Disease Unit. Patients were studied for age, ophthalmologic examination features, laboratory and radiology results, treatment modalities, and the response to these treatments...
December 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
Tali Capua, Amir Klivitsky, Efraim Bilavsky, Liat Ashkenazi-Hoffnung, Jonathan Roth, Shlomi Constantini, Galia Grisaru-Soen
Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is a rare cause of central nervous system infections. We describe 3 new cases of GAS brain abscess in previously healthy children treated by us between 2015-2016 and review the 5 cases reported in the literature since 1988. All 8 children received early empiric antibiotic therapy and surgical intervention, and 5 made a full recovery. GAS brain abscess is a rare infection; however its incidence may be rising. We suggest that if patients show symptoms such as fever, vomiting, and lethargy, with contiguous infection such as otitis media, mastoiditis, sinusitis, or meningitis, GAS brain abscess should be suspected...
February 16, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Dallin N Christensen, Zechariah G Franks, Hilary C McCrary, Ahlam A Saleh, And Eugene H Chang
Objectives Cigarette smoking and passive smoke exposure have been associated with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Our goal in this systematic review was to (1) determine if there was a strong correlative effect in large population studies between cigarette smoke exposure and the prevalence of CRS, (2) investigate pathogenic mechanisms of cigarette smoke in the upper airway, and (3) determine if a history of cigarette smoking affects the medical and surgical outcomes of CRS. Data Sources MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane CENTRAL, Web of Science SCI and CPCI-S, and websites...
February 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
M A Sattar, M T Sultana, S Ahmed
Branchial arch anomalies are one of the most common congenital anomalies of the neck. Developmental anomalies of the branchial apparatus account for 17% of all pediatric cervical masses. This study aimed to focus on proper diagnosis of branchial anomaly and describe occurrence, presentation, management and outcome of usual and unusual types. This ten-year prospective observational study was conducted from November 2005 to November 2015 including 2-year postoperative follow-up of the patients in Department of ENT, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh...
January 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
F Martino, R Di Mauro, K Paciaroni, J Gaziev, C Alfieri, L Greco, R Floris, S Di Girolamo, M Di Girolamo
OBJECTIVES: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) and β -thalassemia major are well-recognized beta-globin gene disorders of red blood cells associated to mortality and morbidity included bone morbidities due to ineffective erythropoiesis and bone marrow expansion, which affect every part of the skeleton. While there are an abundance of described disease manifestations of the head and neck, the manner of paranasal sinuses involvement and its relations to β-thalassemia and SCA process was not studied yet...
March 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Nagma Dalvi, Lalitha Sivaswamy
Life-threatening headaches in children can present in an apoplectic manner that garners immediate medical attention, or in an insidious, more dangerous form that may go unnoticed for a relatively long period of time. The recognition of certain clinical characteristics that accompany the headache should prompt recognition and referral to an institution equipped with neuroimaging facilities, pediatric neurosurgeons, and neurologists. Thunderclap headaches, which reach a peak within a very short period of time, may be the presenting feature of conditions such as arterial dissection, venous sinus thrombosis, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome, which can be addressed by specific pharmacological options instituted in an intensive care setting...
February 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
Catherine Amlie-Lefond
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article provides an overview of stroke in neonates, infants, and children. RECENT FINDINGS: Arterial ischemic stroke and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis are increasingly recognized in childhood as important causes of lifelong morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis of arterial ischemic stroke is frequently delayed, as acute neurologic deficits can be challenging to detect in the young child, and stroke is often not considered in the differential diagnosis...
February 2018: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
K Wang, X Chen, C Y Guo, F Q Liu, J R Wang, L F Sun
Objective: To analyze the clinical manifestations, cilia ultrastructure and gene variations of primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD). Methods: Analysis of three cases diagnosed as PCD by transmission electron microscopy of the endobronchial biopsy material in Division of Pediatric Pulmonology of Shandong Provincial Hospital between 2013 and 2016. Target gene sequence capture and next generation sequencing were used to analyze the gene. Related literatures on gene variation of PCD in Chinese were reviewed from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, Human Gene Mutation Database, PubMed and CNKI up to July 2017 by using search terms of "PCD" , "gene" , "Chinese"...
February 2, 2018: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
Oshri Wasserzug, Ari DeRowe, Barak Ringel, Gadi Fishman, Dan M Fliss
Introduction  Skull base lesions in children and adolescents are rare, and comprise only 5.6% of all skull base surgery. Anterior skull base lesions dominate, averaging slightly more than 50% of the cases. Until recently, surgery of the anterior skull base was dominated by open procedures and endoscopic skull base surgery was reserved for benign pathologies. Endoscopic skull base surgery is gradually gaining popularity. In spite of that, open skull base surgery is still considered the "gold standard" for the treatment of anterior skull base lesions, and it is the preferred approach in selected cases...
February 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Matthew B Ambrose, Jennifer N Avari Silva, Michael Rudokas, Tammy M Bowman, Joshua Murphy, George F Van Hare
PURPOSE: The anatomic basis of atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia (AVNRT) remains incompletely characterized in children. Differences in coronary sinus (CS) size and morphology have been observed in adults with AVNRT but have not been well characterized in children. METHODS: Children (< 18 years) brought to the EP lab with supraventricular tachycardia for ablation underwent CS venography. A blinded pediatric interventional cardiologist performed CS measurements, which were indexed to body surface area...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
Robert C Rennert, Reid Hoshide, Mark Calayag, Joanna Kemp, David D Gonda, Hal S Meltzer, Takanori Fukushima, John D Day, Michael L Levy
OBJECTIVE Treatment of hemorrhagic cavernous malformations within the lateral pontine region demands meticulous surgical planning and execution to maximize resection while minimizing morbidity. The authors report a single institution's experience using the extended middle fossa rhomboid approach for the safe resection of hemorrhagic cavernomas involving the lateral pons. METHODS A retrospective chart review was performed to identify and review the surgical outcomes of patients who underwent an extended middle fossa rhomboid approach for the resection of hemorrhagic cavernomas involving the lateral pons during a 10-year period at Rady Children's Hospital of San Diego...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Luke Tomycz, Ali S Haider, Jefferson Miley
Cranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVFs) are complex vascular lesions, rarely encountered within the pediatric population. Endovascular embolization has revolutionized the management of these lesions and should be regarded as the first-line treatment for the majority of dAVFs; however, in a subset of particularly complicated lesions, traditional routes of access either do not exist or have been eliminated in the course of prior embolization attempts. We describe the case of an 11-year-old boy with a complicated torcular dAVF refractory to multiple attempts at standard endovascular treatment...
November 24, 2017: Curēus
Tarek Ahmed Abdel Gawad, Waleed Mohamed Elguindy, Omneya Ibrahim Youssef, Tamer Ashraf Abosalem
AIM: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of early postoperative arrhythmias after cardiac operation in the pediatric population, and to analyse possible risk factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study included 30 postoperative patients, with age range four up to 144 months. They were selected from those admitted to the Cardiology Unit in the Pediatric department of Ain Shams University hospitals, after undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) surgery for correction of congenital cardiac defects...
December 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Katsuhiro Mizutani, Tomoru Miwa, Takenori Akiyama, Yoshiaki Sakamoto, Hirokazu Fujiwara, Kazunari Yoshida
PURPOSE: The primitive tentorial, occipital, and falcine sinuses are thought to attain the adult pattern or regress between the fetal stage and adulthood. The anatomy of these three primitive dural sinuses has seldom been studied in the infant population, and it remains unclear when these dural sinuses reach the adult condition. Using computed tomography digital subtraction venography (CT-DSV), we analyzed the anatomy of these embryonic dural sinuses in infants. METHODS: We included 13 infants who underwent CT-DSV prior to neurosurgery and 35 cases with unruptured cerebral aneurysms as normal adult controls...
January 22, 2018: Neuroradiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"