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pediatric sinusitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125446/suprasellar-and-recurrent-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-expanding-indications-for-the-extended-endoscopic-transsphenoidal-approach
#1
Andrew F Alalade, Elizabeth Ogando-Rivas, Jerome Boatey, Mark M Souweidane, Vijay K Anand, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Theodore H Schwartz
OBJECTIVE The expanded endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach has become increasingly used for craniopharyngioma surgery in the pediatric population, but questions still persist regarding its utility in younger children, in recurrent and irradiated tumors, and in masses primarily located in the suprasellar region. The narrow corridor, incomplete pneumatization, and fear of hypothalamic injury have traditionally relegated this approach to application in older children with mostly cystic craniopharyngiomas centered in the sella...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117827/tuberculosis-of-the-elbow-region-in-pediatric-age-group-experiences-from-a-single-centre
#2
Anil Agarwal, Anuj Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Clinical series of tuberculosis of elbow region in children are few. The purpose of our study was to retrospectively review the presentation, healing response and functional results of 30 children. METHODS: The pretreatment disease presentation was studied from patient's case records. Serial radiographs of the patients were studied to see remineralization and healing of radiological lesions. For elbow's functional evaluation, pain, range of motion and recurrence were observed at final follow up...
December 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114001/impaired-central-pulsatile-hemodynamics-in-children-and-adolescents-with-marfan-syndrome
#3
Andrea Grillo, Paolo Salvi, Susan Marelli, Lan Gao, Lucia Salvi, Andrea Faini, Giuliana Trifirò, Renzo Carretta, Alessandro Pini, Gianfranco Parati
BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome is characterized by aortic root dilation, beginning in childhood. Data about aortic pulsatile hemodynamics and stiffness in pediatric age are currently lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 51 young patients with Marfan syndrome (12.0±3.3 years), carotid tonometry was performed for the measurement of central pulse pressure, pulse pressure amplification, and aortic stiffness (carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity). Patients underwent an echocardiogram at baseline and at 1 year follow-up and a genetic evaluation...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106876/early-signs-and-symptoms-of-intracranial-complications-of-otitis-media-in-pediatric-and-adult-patients-a-different-presentation
#4
N A Van der Poel, E van Spronsen, D A Dietz de Loos, F A Ebbens
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to review the clinical presentation and early signs and symptoms of otogenic intracranial complications (OIC) in children and adults. METHODS: retrospective chart review. The medical records of all children and adults admitted in our center with OIC during the period 2008-2017 were reviewed. Data concerning clinical presentation, treatment and outcomes were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: We included 47 patients with OIC: 21 children (range 1-13 years) and 26 adults (range 22-71 years)...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106862/an-investigation-of-operative-outcomes-pediatric-invasive-fungal-sinusitis
#5
Curtis Hanba, Peter F Svider, Wanda Lai, Syed Naweed Raza, Anthony Sheyn, Jean Anderson Eloy, Adam J Folbe
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Invasive fungal sinusitis is an uncommon entity among children. Early recognition is crucial for facilitating successful treatment with minimal morbidity. The goal of this analysis was to identify patient characteristics associated with high-risk surgical disease through a population-based examination into this rare and deadly disease process. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of the 2009 and 2012 Kids' Inpatient Database (KID) was conducted...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106860/evaluating-the-sinus-and-nasal-quality-of-life-survey-in-the-pediatric-cystic-fibrosis-patient-population
#6
Deborah X Xie, Jeffanie Wu, Katherine Kelly, Rebekah F Brown, Chevis Shannon, Frank W Virgin
INTRODUCTION: The Sinus and Nasal Quality of Life Survey (SN-5) is a validated quality of life (QOL) questionnaire for chronic rhinosinusitis in patients age 2-12. Its utility in the cystic fibrosis (CF) has been studied, but not yet validated. The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the SN-5 for evaluation of sinonasal symptoms in the pediatric CF population. METHODS: This retrospective study analyzed SN-5 surveys completed between 2012 and 2015 by pediatric CF patients and caregivers...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099731/update-on-pediatric-sinus-surgery-indications-and-outcomes
#7
David A Gudis, Zachary M Soler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent literature of pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). RECENT FINDINGS: Sinus balloon catheter dilation is an important addition to the surgical treatment tools for pediatric chronic rhinosinusitis (PCRS). ESS is a safe and effective therapeutic modality for uncomplicated PCRS. For PCRS complicated by comorbidities including cystic fibrosis and primary ciliary dyskinesia, ESS and adjuvant medical therapy confers significant sinus, pulmonary, and quality of life benefits to pediatric patients...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094071/clinical-chronic-rhinosinusitis-outcomes-in-pediatric-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#8
REVIEW
Frank W Virgin
Objectives: Chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis are common conditions in cystic fibrosis (CF). Approximately 2-3% of pediatric CF patients per year have sinus disease requiring surgery. It has been well established that there is a significant negative impact on quality of life associated with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) in the non-CF patient population. However, the impact of CRS on the pediatric CF population remains uncertain. The purpose of this article is to review the current state of outcome measures for CRS in pediatric CF patients...
October 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068869/dural-venous-sinus-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-following-immunoglobulin-treatment-in-pediatric-patient-with-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#9
Kyung Mi Park, Eu Jeen Yang, Young Tak Lim
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) is a widely used agent as the first choice of treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). IVIG has several side effects, but it is a relatively safe treatment. Life-threatening thrombosis has been reported in adults and rarely in children. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with dural venous sinus thrombosis and pulmonary embolism after treatment with IVIG for ITP. The patient was treated with low-molecular-weight heparin followed by warfarin and the symptoms were recovered...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042151/which-treatment-modality-for-pediatric-pilonidal-sinus-primary-repair-or-secondary%C3%A2-healing
#10
Rahsan Ozcan, Mirzaman Hüseynov, Ayten Ceren Bakır, Senol Emre, Cigdem Tütüncü, Sinan Celayir, Gonca Topuzlu Tekant
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome and characteristics of patients who were operated for sacrococcygeal pilonidal sinus (SPS) treatment using primary repair or secondary healing technique. METHODS: Forty-seven patients (female: 25, male: 22) diagnosed with pilonidal sinus operated between 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The cases were evaluated for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), surgical technique, hospital stay, recovery time and recurrence. Mainly two types of surgical techniques were applied: primary repair and secondary healing...
October 14, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027868/posttraumatic-complications-in-pediatric-skull-fracture-dural-sinus-thrombosis-arterial-dissection-and-cerebrospinal-fluid-leakage
#11
Adedamola Adepoju, Matthew A Adamo
OBJECTIVE Skull fracture is associated with several intracranial injuries. The object of this study was to determine the rate of fracture associated with venous thrombosis, intracranial arterial dissection (ICAD), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage in pediatric patients. Further, the authors aimed to highlight the features of pediatric skull fracture that predict poor neurological outcomes. METHOD In this retrospective study, the authors evaluated the records of 258 pediatric patients who had incurred a traumatic skull fracture in the period from 2009 to 2015...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026829/aggressive-combined-medical-and-surgical-management-of-mucormycosis-results-in-disease-eradication-in-2-pediatric-patients
#12
Haley F M Augustine, Colin White, James Bain
Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is an acute, rapidly fatal, fungal infection, classically involving the nasal mucosa and paranasal sinuses. It is an aggressive, opportunistic infection that frequently progresses to involve the orbit and cerebrum. Cerebral extension in immunocompromised patients is almost universally fatal. There are limited data on mucormycosis in pediatric immunocompromised patients in the literature, with only few reports on rhinocerebral involvement. The immunocompromised patients described in this report presented with suspected periorbital and nasal cellulitis, progressing rapidly to necrotic changes in nasal tissue and oral palatal mucosa...
August 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019028/application-of-a-full-model-based-iterative-reconstruction-mbir-in-80%C3%A2-kvp-ultra-low-dose-paranasal-sinus-ct-imaging-of-pediatric-patients
#13
Jihang Sun, Qifeng Zhang, Xiaomin Duan, Chengyue Zhang, Pengpeng Wang, Chenguang Jia, Yong Liu, Yun Peng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical application of a full model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) algorithm in the ultra-low-dose paranasal sinus CT imaging of children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the first phase, 16 low-dose CT dacryocystography (DCG) (80 kV/64 mAs) scans were reconstructed with MBIR and filtered back-projection (FBP) to demonstrate noise reduction capability of MBIR. MBIR images were also compared with the images of 21 standard-dose paranasal sinus patients reconstructed with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) algorithm...
October 10, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988664/epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-in-otitis-media-in-taiwanese-children
#14
Ying-Chun Cho, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Concerns about non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) in otitis media (OM) have grown after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). We aim to better understand the clinical role of NTHi in pediatric OM. METHODS: Middle ear fluid samples from children <18 years with OM were obtained from 2010 to 2015. For culture-positive episodes (Streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Streptococcus pyogenes), patients' demographic and clinical information were reviewed and analyzed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974870/preperitoneal-bladder-augmentation-feasibility-and-results
#15
Dhruva Nath Ghosh, Sampath Karl, Sudipta Sen
INTRODUCTION: Bladder augmentation is an important part of pediatric reconstructive urology. This study was conducted to assess the feasibility and results of our technique of preperitoneal bladder augmentation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three children underwent preperitoneal bladder augmentation for small inelastic bladders who had failed medical management or needed undiversion. The underlying diagnosis included neurogenic bladder, valve bladder, bladder exstrophy, non-neurogenic neurogenic, ectopic ureters, and urogenital sinus...
October 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963046/introducing-a-simple-method-of-maxillary-sinus-volume-assessment-based-on-linear-dimensions
#16
Agnieszka Przystańska, Tomasz Kulczyk, Artur Rewekant, Alicja Sroka, Katarzyna Jończyk-Potoczna, Dorota Lorkiewicz-Muszyńska, Krzysztof Gawriołek, Agata Czajka-Jakubowska
Measuring sinus volume in a general practice clinic is a complex and time-consuming procedure, requiring experience in the use of radiological methods In the presented research, the automatically estimated maxillary sinus volume was compared with maxillary sinus volume assessed with mathematical formulas used to calculate the volume of spheres and pyramids. The starting point for the statistical analysis were specific measurements of the sinuses. We wanted to discover which geometric shape has the volume that is nearest to the automatically estimated volume...
September 28, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960170/shunt-freedom-and-clinical-resolution-of-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-after-bariatric-surgery-in-the-pediatric-population-report-of-3-cases
#17
Kimberly B Hoang, Kristopher G Hooten, Carrie R Muh
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), formerly known as pseudotumor cerebri, is a disease of elevated intracranial pressure that is thought to develop due to impaired CSF absorption related to elevated venous sinus pressure in the setting of increased intraabdominal and thoracic pressures. Symptoms can be disabling and, if left untreated, can lead to permanent visual loss. Previous treatments directed toward vision preservation include CSF diversion through shunting and optic nerve sheath fenestration...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934665/venous-thromboembolism-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-retrospective-incidence-and-intrapopulation-risk-factors
#18
Jessica Knight-Perry, Brian R Branchford, Dianne Thornhill, Stacey L Martiniano, Scott D Sagel, Michael Wang
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a rare but serious medical condition. Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a risk for recurrent pediatric VTE and has potential thrombophilic tendency. However, much remains unknown, including incidence and intrapopulation risk factors. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of pediatric CF patients followed at Children's Hospital Colorado from January 1st 2003 through May 20th 2016 was examined. Cases were identified by informatics and validated manually...
September 5, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931199/maxillary-sinus-mucoceles-and-other-side-effects-of-external-beam-radiation-in-the-pediatric-patient-a-cautionary-tale
#19
Anthony Sheyn, Tate Naylor, Felicity Lenes-Voit, Eric Berg
A sinonasal mucocele can develop after the obstruction of a sinus ostium, which can occur secondary to trauma, infection, a neoplasm, or an iatrogenic cause. These mucoceles typically arise in the frontal and ethmoid sinuses. Sinonasal mucoceles are epithelium-lined cysts that can gradually expand to fill a paranasal sinus. They can present with ophthalmologic, rhinologic, and neurologic symptoms. There are reports in the literature of sinonasal mucocele development after radiation for nasopharyngeal carcinoma...
September 2017: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921242/use-of-computer-assisted-design-and-manufacturing-to-localize-dural-venous-sinuses-during-reconstructive-surgery-for-craniosynostosis
#20
Rajiv R Iyer, Adela Wu, Alexandra Macmillan, Leila Musavi, Regina Cho, Joseph Lopez, George I Jallo, Amir H Dorafshar, Edward S Ahn
OBJECTIVE: Cranial vault remodeling surgery for craniosynostosis carries the potential risk of dural venous sinus injury given the extensive bony exposure. Identification of the dural venous sinuses can be challenging in patients with craniosynostosis given the lack of accurate surface-localizing landmarks. Computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) has allowed surgeons to pre-operatively plan these complex procedures in an effort to increase reconstructive efficiency. An added benefit of this technology is the ability to intraoperatively map the dural venous sinuses based on pre-operative imaging...
September 18, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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