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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107332/reducing-patient-uncertainty-implementation-of-a-shared-decision-making-process-enhances-treatment-quality-and-provider-communication%C3%A2
#1
Annika Gustafson
Patients with cancer can experience uncertainty when making treatment decisions. When unaddressed, patient uncertainty can result in decisional conflict and decisional regret. Providers can assist in decreasing these factors by involving patients in the decision-making process. Patients who agree to participate should be informed about their diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options, including the benefits, the risks and harms, or the option of no treatment. Providers also can help patients to clarify their values, which reveal patient preferences and inform tailoring of care for each patient...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107299/information-sharing-best-practices-that-support-transitions-in-care
#2
Jane Cobler, Grace Wang, Chris Stout, Jeff Piejak, Mary F Rodts
Care coordination that improves patient care and patient outcomes is becoming increasingly necessary as bundled payment programs are developed. Rather than looking at each aspect of the patient's care, the entire care continuum from preoperative preparation through completion of the episode will become the norm. The length of the episode of care may be 30 days or as long as 90 days. The transition to different care providers during that episode requires information sharing. This is best accomplished by a technology platform that allows for real-time information sharing...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107227/structural-level-differences-in-the-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-rate-in-south-africa-a-multilevel-assessment-of-individual-health-facility-and-provincial-level-predictors-of-infant-hiv-transmission
#3
S Woldesenbet, D J Jackson, C J Lombard, T H Dinh, V Ramokolo, T Doherty, G G Sherman, Y Pillay, A E Goga
OBJECTIVES: In 2010, South Africa reported an early mother to child transmission (MTCT) rate of 3.5% at 4-8 weeks postpartum. Provincial early MTCT rates ranged from 1.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.1-3.4%) to 5.9% (95% CI: 3.8-8.0%). We sought to determine reasons for these geographic differences in MTCT rates. METHODS: This study employed multilevel modelling using 2010 South African PMTCT evaluation (SAPMTCTE) data from 530 facilities. Interview data and infant blood samples were collected from 3085 mother-infant pairs at 4-8 weeks postpartum...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106705/repair-of-orbital-floor-fracture-with-modified-transnasal-endoscopic-approach-through-anterior-space-to-nasolacrimal-duct
#4
Motohiko Suzuki, Yoshihisa Nakamura, Shinya Ozaki, Makoto Yokota, Shingo Murakami
OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic approach provides excellent magnification and visualization, and a purely transnasal approach is minimally invasive method. However, it is very difficult to repair anterior and lateral fractures with the previous transnasal endoscopic approaches, since repair of orbital fractures is managed through the middle meatus and ostium from the posterior side of the nasolacrimal duct with side-viewing endoscope and curved instruments. Therefore, the authors used modified transnasal endoscopic approach as an alternative for repair of orbital floor fractures in order to effectively reach the lateral or anterior fracture of the orbital floor with straight endoscope and instruments endoscopically...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106596/competences-in-social-media-use-in-the-area-of-health-and-healthcare
#5
Pirkko Kouri, Marja-Liisa Rissanen, Patrick Weber, Hyeoun-Ae Park
In today's life, social media offer new working ways. People are increasingly expanding interactions from face-to-face meetings to online ways of communication, networking, searching, creating and sharing information, and furthermore taking care of patients/citizens via tweeting care, Facebook care, blogging care, vlogging care, infotainment care, gamification-care, infographic care, for instance. This chapter discusses the utilisation of social media in the healthcare domain including nursing education, practice and research...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106553/attitudes-toward-potential-participant-registries
#6
Joshua D Grill, Andrew Holbrook, Aimee Pierce, Dan Hoang, Daniel L Gillen
Difficult participant recruitment is a consistent barrier to successful medical research. Potential participant registries represent an increasingly common intervention to overcome this barrier. A variety of models for registries exist, but few data are available to instruct their design and implementation. To provide such data, we surveyed 110 cognitively normal research participants enrolled in a longitudinal study of aging and dementia. Seventy-four (67%) individuals participated in the study. Most (78%, CI: 0...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106529/a-joint-cross-border-investigation-of-a-cluster-of-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-austria-romania-and-germany-in-2014-using-classic-genotyping-and-whole-genome-sequencing-methods-lessons-learnt
#7
Lena Fiebig, Thomas A Kohl, Odette Popovici, Margarita Mühlenfeld, Alexander Indra, Daniela Homorodean, Domnica Chiotan, Elvira Richter, Sabine Rüsch-Gerdes, Beatrix Schmidgruber, Patrick Beckert, Barbara Hauer, Stefan Niemann, Franz Allerberger, Walter Haas
Molecular surveillance of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) using 24-loci MIRU-VNTR in the European Union suggests the occurrence of international transmission. In early 2014, Austria detected a molecular MDR-TB cluster of five isolates. Links to Romania and Germany prompted the three countries to investigate possible cross-border MDR-TB transmission jointly. We searched genotyping databases, genotyped additional isolates from Romania, used whole genome sequencing (WGS) to infer putative transmission links, and investigated pairwise epidemiological links and patient mobility...
January 12, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103871/a-descriptive-survey-study-of-violence-management-and-priorities-among-psychiatric-staff-in-mental-health-services-across-seventeen-european-countries
#8
Seamus Cowman, Anna Björkdahl, Eric Clarke, Georgina Gethin, Jim Maguire
BACKGROUND: In mental health services what is commonplace across international frontiers is that to prevent aggressive patients from harming themselves, other patients or staff, coercive measures and foremost, violence management strategies are required. There is no agreement, recommendations or direction from the EU on which measures of coercion should be practiced across EU countries, and there is no overall one best practice approach. METHODS: The project was conceived through an expert group, the European Violence in Psychiatry Research Group (EViPRG)...
January 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102590/resolving-different-interpretations-of-gene-variants-boosts-effective-use-of-test-results-sharing-data-is-crucial-to-improving-patient-care-and-genetics-research
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101954/task-sharing-with-nurses-to-enhance-access-to-hiv-treatment-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire
#10
Margaret L McNairy, Jules B Bashi, Hannah Chung, Louise Wemin, Marie-Nicole Akpro Lorng, Hermann Brou, Cyprien Nioble, A Lokossué, Kouame Abo, Delphine Achi, Kiyali Ouattara, Daniel Sess, Pongathie Adama Sanogo, Alexandre Ekra, Virginie Ettiegne-Traore, Conombo J Diabate, Elaine J Abrams, Wafaa M El-Sadr
OBJECTIVE: We report the first national program in Côte d'Ivoire to evaluate the feasibility of nurse-led HIV care as a model of task-sharing with nurses to increase coverage and decentralization of HIV services. METHODS: Twenty-six public HIV facilities implemented either a nurse-with-onsite-physician or a nurse-with-visiting-physician model of HIV task-sharing. Routinely collected patient data were reviewed to analyze patient characteristics of those enrolling in care and initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART)...
January 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101699/humanity-at-the-edge-the-moral-laboratory-of-feeding-precarious-lives
#11
Mette N Svendsen, Iben M Gjødsbøl, Mie S Dam, Laura E Navne
At the heart of anthropology and the social sciences lies a notion of human existence according to which humans and animals share the basic need for food, but only humans have the capacity for morality. Based on fieldwork in a pig laboratory, a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and a dementia nursing home, we follow practices of feeding precarious lives lacking most markers of human personhood, including the exercise of moral judgment. Despite the absence of such markers, laboratory researchers and caregivers in these three sites do not abstain from engaging in questions about the moral status of the piglets, infants, and people with dementia in their care...
January 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100215/a-discrete-event-simulation-model-to-evaluate-the-use-of-community-services-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-in-the-united-kingdom
#12
Reda Lebcir, Eren Demir, Raheelah Ahmad, Christos Vasilakis, David Southern
BACKGROUND: The number of people affected by Parkinson's disease (PD) is increasing in the United Kingdom driven by population ageing. The treatment of the disease is complex, resource intensive and currently there is no known cure to PD. The National Health Service (NHS), the public organisation delivering healthcare in the UK, is under financial pressures. There is a need to find innovative ways to improve the operational and financial performance of treating PD patients. The use of community services is a new and promising way of providing treatment and care to PD patients at reduced cost than hospital care...
January 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099713/systematic-review-of-obstetric-care-from-a-women-centered-perspective-in-nigeria-since-2000
#13
REVIEW
Atsumi Hirose, Oluwatoyin Owolabi, Mari Imamura, Friday Okonofua, Julia Hussein
BACKGROUND: A women-centered approach can improve the quality of patient care. OBJECTIVE: To review issues in the provision of obstetric care from a patient-centered care perspective in Nigeria. SEARCH STRATEGY: Using terms related to maternal and perinatal mortality, in combination with "Nigeria", MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Knowledge, and African Journal Online were searched, between December 1, 2013 and January 31, 2014, for articles in any language...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099673/accelerated-second-degree-bachelor-of-science-in-nursing-graduates-transition-to-professional-practice
#14
Cheryl L Brandt, Melissa R Boellaard, Kaitlyn M Wilberding
: HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ISSUE Instructions: 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded after you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at http://goo...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099548/teledermatology-in-tijuana-mexico
#15
Megan Brown
The Health Frontiers in Tijuana (HFiT) clinic is a binational partnership between the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine (San Diego, California); the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California School of Medicine (Tijuana, Mexico); and Desayunador Salesiano Padre Chava, a community grassroots organization in Tijuana, Mexico. Health Frontiers in Tijuana provides accessible quality health care for the underserved in Tijuana's Zona Norte. This article is a narrative meant to share my clinical experience as a dermatology resident who worked with HFiT to establish teledermatology services at this clinic...
December 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099402/transplant-center-volume-and-the-risk-of-pancreas-allograft-failure
#16
Tarek Alhamad, Andrew F Malone, Daniel C Brennan, Robert J Stratta, Su-Hsin Chang, Jason R Wellen, Timothy A Horwedel, Krista L Lentine
BACKGROUND: Successful pancreas transplantation requires surgical expertise and multidisciplinary medical management. The impact of transplant center volume on pancreas allograft survival remains unclear. METHODS: We examined Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) data on 11,568 simultaneous pancreas-kidney (SPK) and 4308 solitary pancreas (pancreas transplant alone and pancreas after kidney) transplants between 2000 and 2013. RESULTS: Average annual transplant center volume was categorized by tertiles into low, medium and high volume, respectively, as follows: 1-6 (n=3,861), 7-13 (n=3,891), and 14-34 (n=3,888) for SPK, and 1-3 (n=1,417), 4-10 (n=1,518), and 11-33 (n=1,377) for solitary pancreas transplants...
January 17, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099286/multicenter-study-validating-accuracy-of-a-continuous-respiratory-rate-measurement-derived-from-pulse-oximetry-a-comparison-with-capnography
#17
Sergio D Bergese, Michael L Mestek, Scott D Kelley, Robert McIntyre, Alberto A Uribe, Rakesh Sethi, James N Watson, Paul S Addison
BACKGROUND: Intermittent measurement of respiratory rate via observation is routine in many patient care settings. This approach has several inherent limitations that diminish the clinical utility of these measurements because it is intermittent, susceptible to human error, and requires clinical resources. As an alternative, a software application that derives continuous respiratory rate measurement from a standard pulse oximeter has been developed. We sought to determine the performance characteristics of this new technology by comparison with clinician-reviewed capnography waveforms in both healthy subjects and hospitalized patients in a low-acuity care setting...
January 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097657/public-trust-in-health-information-sharing-a-measure-of-system-trust
#18
Jodyn E Platt, Peter D Jacobson, Sharon L R Kardia
OBJECTIVE: To measure public trust in a health information sharing in a broadly defined health system (system trust), inclusive of health care, public health, and research; to identify individual characteristics that predict system trust; and to consider these findings in the context of national health initiatives (e.g., learning health systems and precision medicine) that will expand the scope of data sharing. DATA SOURCES: Survey data (n = 1,011) were collected in February 2014...
January 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096897/the-impact-of-organisational-change-and-fiscal-restraint-on-organisational-culture
#19
Frances Dark, Harvey Whiteford, Neal M Ashkanasy, Carol Harvey, Meredith Harris, David Crompton, Ellie Newman
BACKGROUND: Strategies to implement evidence-based practice have highlighted the bidirectional relationship of organisational change on organisational culture. The present study examined changes in perceptions of organisational culture in two community mental health services implementing cognitive therapies into routine psychosis care over 3 years. During the time of the study there were a number of shared planned and unplanned changes that the mental health services had to accommodate...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095855/meet-us-on-the-phone-mobile-phone-programs-for-adolescent-sexual-and-reproductive-health-in-low-to-middle-income-countries
#20
REVIEW
Nicole B Ippoliti, Kelly L'Engle
INTRODUCTION: mHealth as a technical area has seen increasing interest and promise from both developed and developing countries. While published research from higher income countries on mHealth solutions for adolescent sexual and reproductive health (SRH) is growing, there is much less documentation of SRH mHealth interventions for youth living in resource-poor settings. We conducted a global landscape analysis to answer the following research question: How are programs using mHealth interventions to improve adolescent SRH in low to middle income countries (LMICs)? METHODS: To obtain the latest information about mHealth programs targeting youth SRH, a global call for project resources was issued in 2014...
January 17, 2017: Reproductive Health
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