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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102286/chelerythrine-down-regulates-expression-of-vegfa-bcl2-and-kras-by-arresting-g-quadruplex-structures-at-their-promoter-regions
#1
Jagannath Jana, Soma Mondal, Payel Bhattacharjee, Pallabi Sengupta, Tanaya Roychowdhury, Pranay Saha, Pallob Kundu, Subhrangsu Chatterjee
A putative anticancer plant alkaloid, Chelerythrine binds to G-quadruplexes at promoters of VEGFA, BCL2 and KRAS genes and down regulates their expression. The association of Chelerythrine to G-quadruplex at the promoters of these oncogenes were monitored using UV absorption spectroscopy, fluorescence anisotropy, circular dichroism spectroscopy, CD melting, isothermal titration calorimetry, molecular dynamics simulation and quantitative RT-PCR technique. The pronounced hypochromism accompanied by red shifts in UV absorption spectroscopy in conjunction with ethidium bromide displacement assay indicates end stacking mode of interaction of Chelerythrine with the corresponding G-quadruplex structures...
January 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100580/venetoclax-in-patients-with-previously-treated-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#2
Andrew W Roberts, Stephan Stilgenbauer, John F Seymour, David C S Huang
Venetoclax is the first BCL2 inhibitor to enter routine clinical practice. It is an orally bioavailable small molecule that binds BCL2 very specifically. Acting as a pharmacological mimic of the proteins that initiate apoptosis (a so-called BH3-mimetic), venetoclax rapidly induces apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells which express high levels of BCL2 and rely on it to maintain their survival. As a single agent, daily venetoclax treatment induced durable responses in 79% of patients with relapsed or refractory CLL or small lymphocytic lymphoma in a Phase 1 study, including complete remissions in 20% of patients...
January 18, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100091/the-effects-of-polyethylenimine-dna-nanoparticle-on-transcript-levels-of-apoptosis-related-genes
#3
Elham Pishavar, Mohammad Shafiei, Soghra Mehri, Mohammad Ramezani, Khalil Abnous
CONTEXT: Polyethylenimine (PEI) is a cationic polymer commonly used in gene transfer. Although numerous investigations have indicated that PEI can induce apoptosis/necrosis but the mechanism of its cytotoxicity is still poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of PEI/DNA complexes on the expression of apoptotic genes in human colon adenocarcinoma cells (HT29). METHODS: HT29 cells were exposed to PEI/DNA complex (C/P = 0...
January 18, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100077/effects-of-m2000-d-mannuronic-acid-on-learning-memory-retrieval-and-associated-determinants-in-a-rat-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#4
Somayeh Athari Nik Azm, Mohammadreza Vafa, Mohammad Sharifzadeh, Majid Safa, Anis Barati, Abbas Mirshafiey
The d-mannuronic acid (M2000) is a novel nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that has immunosuppressive effects together with antioxidant property. M2000 has shown a notable efficacy in experimental models of multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and nephrotic syndrome. In this work, the effect of M2000 on the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was performed by Morris water maze experiment, and the immunological assessments were carried out by Western blot, apoptosis (procaspase-3, Bax/Bcl2, P53), enzymatic (superoxide dismutase [SOD]), and nonenzymatic oxidative stress (malondialdehyde [MDA]) tests...
February 2017: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099584/iodine-131-treatment-of-thyroid-cancer-cells-leads-to-suppression-of-cell-proliferation-followed-by-induction-of-cell-apoptosis-and-cell-cycle-arrest-by-regulation-of-b-cell-translocation-gene-2-mediated-jnk-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathways
#5
L M Zhao, A X Pang
Iodine-131 (131I) is widely used for the treatment of thyroid-related diseases. This study aimed to investigate the expression of p53 and BTG2 genes following 131I therapy in thyroid cancer cell line SW579 and the possible underlying mechanism. SW579 human thyroid squamous carcinoma cells were cultured and treated with 131I. They were then assessed for 131I uptake, cell viability, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, p53 expression, and BTG2 gene expression. SW579 cells were transfected with BTG2 siRNA, p53 siRNA and siNC and were then examined for the same aforementioned parameters...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098405/shielding-engineered-islets-with-mesenchymal-stem-cells-enhance-survival-under-hypoxia
#6
Bhawna Chandravanshi, Ramesh Ramchandra Bhonde
In the present study we focused on the improvisation of islet survival in hypoxia.The Islet like cell aggregates (ICAs) derived from wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells (WJ MSC) were cultured with and without WJ MSC for 48h in hypoxia and normoxia and tested for their direct trophic effect on β cell survival. The WJ MSCs themselves secreted insulin upon glucose challenge and expressed the pancreatic markers at both transcription and translational level (C-peptide, Insulin,Glucagon and Glut 2). Direct contact of MSCs with ICAs facilitated highest viability under hypoxia as evidenced by fluorescein diacetate/propidium iodide and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide(MTT) assay...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095352/the-relationship-of-rel-proto-oncogene-to-pathobiology-and-chemoresistance-in-follicular-and-transformed-follicular-lymphoma
#7
Xiaozhou Hu, Esra Baytak, Jinnan Li, Burcu Akman, Kaan Okay, Genfu Hu, Anna Scuto, Wenyan Zhang, Can Küçük
Follicular lymphoma (FL) is a common type of indolent lymphoma that occasionally transforms to more aggressive B-cell lymphomas. These transformed follicular lymphomas (tFL) are often associated with chemoresistance whose mechanisms are currently unknown. REL, a proto-oncogene located on frequently amplified 2p16.1-p15 locus, promotes tumorigenesis in many cancer types through deregulation of the NF-κB pathway; however, its role in FL pathobiology or chemoresistance has not been addressed. Here, we evaluated REL gene copy number by q-PCR on FFPE FL tumor samples, and observed REL amplification in 30...
January 9, 2017: Leukemia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093199/effect-of-different-cryo-devices-on-in-vitro-maturation-and-development-of-vitrified-warmed-immature-buffalo-oocytes
#8
Yelisetti Uma Mahesh, Henderson Rose Winnie Gibence, Sisinthy Shivaji, Brahmasani Sambasiva Rao
The aim of the study was to identify a cryo-device that would be best suited for the vitrification of buffalo immature cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) as judged by viability and meiotic competence of the vitrified-warmed oocytes and their development ability following in vitro fertilization (IVF). The expression of oocyte secreting factors and their receptors (GDF9, BMP15, BMPR2, TGFBR1) and apoptosis related genes (BCL2, BAX, P53, C-MYC) were compared in vitrified-warmed oocytes after in vitro maturation. COCs from the ovaries of slaughtered buffaloes were vitrified in a combination of dimethyl sulfoxide, ethylene glycol, and sucrose using either a conventional straw (CS), open pulled straw (OPS), cryoloop (CL), hemistraw (HS) or cryotop (CT)...
January 13, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091656/synthesis-and-characterisation-of-p-block-complexes-of-biquinoline-at-different-ligand-charge-states
#9
Juha Hurmalainen, Akseli Mansikkamäki, Ian S Morgan, Anssi Peuronen, Heikki M Tuononen
The first examples of p-block coordination complexes of biquinoline, namely [(biq)BCl2]Cl and [(biq)BCl2]˙, were synthesized and structurally characterized. The acquired data allowed the estimation of the ligand charge state based on its metrical parameters. The subsequent use of this protocol, augmented with theoretical calculations, revealed ambiguities in the published data for transition metal complexes of biquinoline.
January 16, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089635/venetoclax-plus-rituximab-in-relapsed-or-refractory-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-a-phase-1b-study
#10
John F Seymour, Shuo Ma, Danielle M Brander, Michael Y Choi, Jacqueline Barrientos, Matthew S Davids, Mary Ann Anderson, Anne W Beaven, Steven T Rosen, Constantine S Tam, Betty Prine, Suresh K Agarwal, Wijith Munasinghe, Ming Zhu, L Leanne Lash, Monali Desai, Elisa Cerri, Maria Verdugo, Su Young Kim, Rod A Humerickhouse, Gary B Gordon, Thomas J Kipps, Andrew W Roberts
BACKGROUND: Selective BCL2 inhibition with venetoclax has substantial activity in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. Combination therapy with rituximab enhanced activity in preclinical models. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, pharmacokinetics, and activity of venetoclax in combination with rituximab. METHODS: Adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (according to the 2008 Modified International Workshop on CLL guidelines) or small lymphocytic lymphoma were eligible for this phase 1b, dose-escalation trial...
January 12, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087315/assessing-light-independent-effects-of-hypericin-on-cell-viability-ultrastructure-and-metabolism-in-human-glioma-and-endothelial-cells
#11
Veronika Huntosova, Marta Novotova, Zuzana Nichtova, Lucia Balogova, Maria Maslanakova, Dana Petrovajova, Katarina Stroffekova
Cell exposure to light-independent effects of photosensitizers (PS) used in PDT is clinically relevant when PS affect the pro-apoptotic cascade.In many malignant cells, Hypericin (Hyp) has PS displayed light-dependent anti-proliferative and cytotoxic effects with no cytotoxicity in the dark. Recent studies have shown that Hyp also exhibited light-independent cytotoxic effects in a wide range of concentrations. The molecular mechanisms underlying Hyp light-independent (dark) toxicity may be due to its interaction with different molecules at the Hyp accumulation sites including mitochondria, and these mechanisms are not understood in detail...
January 10, 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086220/b-cell-lymphomas-involving-waldeyer-s-ring-characterized-by-distinctive-clinical-and-histopathological-features-a-comparison-of-pediatric-to-adult-patients
#12
Lei Chen, Lika'a Fasih Y Al-Kzayer, Yi Liu, Tingting Liu
B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring (WR) comprise heterogeneous histolopathological subtypes with a wide age range and distinctive clinical features. However, the comparison between pediatric and adult patients is scarce and limited in the literature. Thirty-three cases of B-cell lymphomas involving WR, were collected and evaluated by histolopathological, immunohistochemical and FISH analyses. The 33 cases were categorized into children and adolescents referred as pediatric group (n = 12), aged (3-19) years and the adult group (n = 21), aged (20-84) years...
January 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084621/state-of-the-art-in-microrna-as-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-biomarkers-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia
#13
REVIEW
Hamed Mirzaei, Sima Fathullahzadeh, Razieh Khanmohammadi, Mansoreh Darijani, Fatemeh Momeni, Aria Masoudifar, Mohammad Goodarzi, Omid Mardanshah, Jan Stanveng, Mahmoud Reza Jaafari, Hamid Reza Mirzaei
Early diagnostic is one of the most important steps in cancer therapy which helps to design and choose a better therapeutic approach. The finding of biomarkers in various levels including genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics levels could provide better treatment for various cancers such as chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). The CLL is the one of main lymphoid malignancies which is specified by aggregation of mature B lymphocytes. Among different biomarkers (e.g. CD38, chromosomes abnormalities, ZAP-70, TP53 and miRNA), microRNAs (miRNAs) have appeared as new diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers in patients with the CLL disease...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083805/early-minocycline-and-late-fk506-treatment-improves-survival-and-alleviates-neuroinflammation-neurodegeneration-and-behavioral-deficits-in-prion-infected-hamsters
#14
Syed Zahid Ali Shah, Deming Zhao, Giulio Taglialatela, Sher Hayat Khan, Tariq Hussain, Haodi Dong, Mengyu Lai, Xiangmei Zhou, Lifeng Yang
Prion infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are characterized by initial reactive gliosis followed by overt neuronal death. Gliosis is likely to be caused initially by the deposition of misfolded, proteinase K-resistant, isoforms (termed PrP(Sc)) of the normal cellular prion protein (PrP(c)) in the brain. Proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines released by PrP(Sc)-activated glia and stressed neurons may also contribute directly or indirectly to the disease development by enhancing gliosis and inducing neurotoxicity...
January 12, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083721/caspase-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms-of-apoptosis-across-gestation-in-a-sheep-model-of-placental-insufficiency-and-intrauterine-growth-restriction
#15
Troy Monson, Tanner Wright, Henry L Galan, Paul R Reynolds, Juan A Arroyo
Increased placental apoptosis is a hallmark of intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR). Several molecules have been shown to be involved in the control of apoptosis during this disease. Our objective was to determine the expression of Bcl2, Bax, phospho XIAP, AIF, caspase 3 and 9, and telomerase activity across gestation in an ovine hyperthermia-induced model of IUGR. Pregnant sheep were placed in hyperthermic (HT) conditions to induce IUGR along with age-matched controls. Placental tissues were collected at 55 (early), 95 (mid-gestation) and 130 (near-term) days of gestational age (dGA) to determine the expression of apoptotic molecules during the development of IUGR...
January 12, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079892/hif-2%C3%AE-and-oct4-have-synergistic-effects-on-survival-and-myocardial-repair-of-very-small-embryonic-like-mesenchymal-stem-cells-in-infarcted-hearts
#16
Shaoheng Zhang, Lan Zhao, Jiahong Wang, Nannan Chen, Jian Yan, Xin Pan
Poor cell survival and limited functional benefits have restricted mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) efficacy for treating myocardial infarction (MI), suggesting that a better understanding of stem cell biology is needed. The transcription factor HIF-2α is an essential regulator of the transcriptional response to hypoxia, which can interact with embryonic stem cells (ESCs) transcription factor Oct4 and modulate its signaling. Here, we obtained very small embryonic-like mesenchymal stem cells (vselMSCs) from MI patients, which possessed the very small embryonic-like stem cells' (VSELs) morphology as well as ESCs' pluripotency...
January 12, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076420/chaperone-mediated-autophagy-protein-bag3-negatively-regulates-ebola-and-marburg-vp40-mediated-egress
#17
Jingjing Liang, Cari A Sagum, Mark T Bedford, Sachdev S Sidhu, Marius Sudol, Ziying Han, Ronald N Harty
Ebola (EBOV) and Marburg (MARV) viruses are members of the Filoviridae family which cause outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever. The filovirus VP40 matrix protein is essential for virus assembly and budding, and its PPxY L-domain motif interacts with WW-domains of specific host proteins, such as Nedd4 and ITCH, to facilitate the late stage of virus-cell separation. To identify additional WW-domain-bearing host proteins that interact with VP40, we used an EBOV PPxY-containing peptide to screen an array of 115 mammalian WW-domain-bearing proteins...
January 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076382/deregulated-expression-of-mitochondrial-proteins-mfn2-and-bcnl3l-in-placentae-from-sheep-somatic-cell-nuclear-transfer-scnt-conceptuses
#18
Marta Czernik, Paola Toschi, Federica Zacchini, Domenico Iuso, Grażyna Ewa Ptak
In various animal species, the main cause of pregnancy loss in conceptuses obtained by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) are placental abnormalities. Most abnormalities described in SCNT pregnancies (such as placentomegaly, reduced vascularisation, hypoplasia of trophoblastic epithelium) suggest that placental cell degeneration may be triggered by mitochondrial failure. We hypothesized that placental abnormalities of clones obtained by SCNT are related to mitochondrial dysfunction. To test this, early SCNT and control (CTR, from pregnancies obtained by in vitro fertilization) placentae were collected from pregnant ewes (at day 20 and 22 of gestation) and subjected to morphological, mRNA and protein analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073348/wild-carrot-pentane-based-fractions-suppress-proliferation-of-human-hacat-keratinocytes-and-protect-against-chemically-induced-skin-cancer
#19
Wassim N Shebaby, Mohamad A Mroueh, Petra Boukamp, Robin I Taleb Ri, Kikki Bodman-Smith, Mirvat El-Sibai, Costantine F Daher
BACKGROUND: Previous studies in our laboratory showed that the Lebanese Daucus carota ssp. carota (wild carrot) oil extract possesses in vitro and in vivo anticancer activities. The present study aims to examine the cytotoxic effect of Daucus carota oil fractions on human epidermal keratinocytes and evaluate the chemopreventive activity of the pentane diethyl ether fraction on DMBA/TPA induced skin carcinogenesis in mice. METHODS: Wild carrot oil extract was chromatographed to yield four fractions (F1, 100% pentane; F2, 50:50 pentane:diethyl ether; F3, 100% diethyl ether; F4 93:7 chloroform:methanol)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073120/nano-pelargonidin-protects-hyperglycemic-induced-l6-cells-against-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#20
Asmita Samadder, Debojyoti Tarafdar, Suresh K Abraham, Kumaresh Ghosh, Anisur Rahman Khuda-Bukhsh
Nano-encapsulation of several natural products has become an important tool in enhancing the bioavailability of some modern drugs against many diseases. Pelargonidin is an anthocyanidin found in many fruits and vegetables. Pelargonidin is loaded with poly-lactide-co-glycolic-acid, a non-toxic biodegradable polymer, to produce nano-pelargonidin. Size, morphology, zeta potential, and planar uniformity of formulated nano-pelargonidin were determined by atomic force microscopy and dynamic light scattering. The time required for cellular entry, folds of nano-pelargonidin, and drug encapsulation efficiency of poly-lactide-co-glycolic-acid were also ascertained...
January 10, 2017: Planta Medica
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