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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295315/a-comparative-analysis-of-the-physiological-properties-of-neurons-in-the-anterolateral-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-in-the-mus-musculus-rattus-norvegicus-and-macaca-mulatta
#1
Sarah E Daniel, Jidong Guo, Donald G Rainnie
The anterolateral group of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNSTALG ) is a critical modulator of a variety of rodent and primate behaviors spanning anxiety behavior and drug addiction. Three distinct neuronal cell types have been previously defined in the rat BNSTALG based on differences in the voltage-response to hyperpolarizing and depolarizing current injection. Differences in genetic expression profile between these three cell types suggest electrophysiological cell type may be an indicator for functional differences in the circuit of the rat BNSTALG ...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284823/activation-of-the-nmda-receptor-neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-pathway-within-the-ventral-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-mediates-the-negative-affective-component-of-pain
#2
Satoshi Deyama, Yaya Sugano, Sakura Mori, Taiju Amano, Mitsuhiro Yoshioka, Katsuyuki Kaneda, Masabumi Minami
Pain consists of sensory and affective components. Although the neuronal mechanisms underlying the sensory component of pain have been studied extensively, those underlying its affective component are only beginning to be elucidated. Previously, we showed the pivotal role of the ventral part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (vBNST) in the negative affective component of pain. Here, we examined the role of glutamate-nitric oxide (NO) signaling in the affective component of pain in rats using a conditioned place aversion (CPA) test...
March 9, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263413/species-specific-diversity-in-the-anatomical-and-physiological-organization-of-the-bnst-vta-pathway
#3
Jennifer Kaufling, Delphine Girard, Marlène Maitre, Thierry Leste-Lasserre, François Georges
The anteromedial part of the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (amBNST) is a limbic structure innervating the ventral tegmental area (VTA) that is remarkably constant across species. The amBNST modulates fear and anxiety, and activation of VTA dopamine (DA) neurons by amBNST afferents seems to be the way by which stress controls motivational states associated with reward or aversion. Because fear learning and anxiety states can be expressed differently between rats and mice, we compared the functional connectivity between amBNST and the VTA-DA neurons in both species using consistant methodological approaches...
March 6, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230907/estrogenic-suppression-of-binge-like-eating-elicited-by-cyclic-food-restriction-and-frustrative-nonreward-stress-in-female-rats
#4
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Thomas A Lutz, Adele Romano, Mariangela Pucci, Nori Geary, Lori Asarian, Carlo Cifani
Because binge eating and emotional eating vary through the menstrual cycle in human females, we investigated cyclic changes in binge-like eating in female rats and their control by estrogens. Binge-like eating was elicited by three cycles of 4 days of food restriction and 4 days of free feeding followed by a single frustrative nonreward-stress episode (15 min visual and olfactory exposure to a familiar palatable food) immediately before presentation of the palatable food. Intact rats showed binge-like eating during the diestrous and proestrous phases of the ovarian cycle, but not during the estrous (periovulatory) phase...
February 23, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223096/the-habenula-in-psychiatric-disorders-more-than-three-decades-of-translational-investigation
#5
REVIEW
Marc Fakhoury
The habenula is an epithalamic structure located at the center of the dorsal diencephalic conduction system, a pathway involved in linking forebrain to midbrain regions. Composed of a medial and lateral subdivisions, the habenula receives inputs from the limbic system and basal ganglia mainly through the stria medullaris (SM), and projects to midbrain regions through the fasciculus retroflexus (FR). An increasing number of studies have also implicated this structure in psychiatric disorders associated with dysregulated reward circuitry function, notably mood disorders, schizophrenia and substance use disorder...
February 13, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220796/beyond-the-classic-vta-extended-amygdala-projections-to-da-striatal-paths-in-the-primate
#6
Julie L Fudge, Emily A Kelly, Ria Pal, Joseph L Bedont, Lydia Park, Brian Ho
The central extended amygdala (CEA) has been conceptualized as a 'macrosystem' that regulates various stress-induced behaviors. Consistent with this, the CEA highly expresses corticotropin releasing factor (CRF), an important modulator of stress responses. Stress alters goal-directed responses associated with striatal paths, including maladaptive responses such as drug seeking, social withdrawal, and compulsive behavior. CEA inputs to the midbrain dopamine (DA) system are positioned to influence striatal functions through mesolimbic DA-striatal pathways...
February 21, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218243/nmda-receptor-dependent-plasticity-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-triggers-long-term-anxiolysis
#7
Christelle Glangetas, Léma Massi, Giulia R Fois, Marion Jalabert, Delphine Girard, Marco Diana, Keisuke Yonehara, Botond Roska, Chun Xu, Andreas Lüthi, Stéphanie Caille, François Georges
Anxiety is controlled by multiple neuronal circuits that share robust and reciprocal connections with the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), a key structure controlling negative emotional states. However, it remains unknown how the BNST integrates diverse inputs to modulate anxiety. In this study, we evaluated the contribution of infralimbic cortex (ILCx) and ventral subiculum/CA1 (vSUB/CA1) inputs in regulating BNST activity at the single-cell level. Using trans-synaptic tracing from single-electroporated neurons and in vivo recordings, we show that vSUB/CA1 stimulation promotes opposite forms of in vivo plasticity at the single-cell level in the anteromedial part of the BNST (amBNST)...
February 20, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213112/laminar-imaging-of-positive-and-negative-bold-in-human-visual-cortex-at-7t
#8
Alessio Fracasso, Peter R Luijten, Serge O Dumoulin, Natalia Petridou
Deciphering the direction of information flow is critical to understand the brain. Data from non-human primate histology shows that connections between lower to higher areas (e.g. retina→V1), and between higher to lower areas (e.g. V1←V2) can be dissociated based upon the distribution of afferent synapses at the laminar level. Ultra-high field scanners opened up the possibility to image brain structure and function at an unprecedented level of detail. Taking advantage of the increased spatial resolution available, it could theoretically be possible to disentangle activity from different cortical depths from human cerebral cortex, separately studying different compartments across depth...
February 14, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202879/two-strains-of-roof-rats-as-effective-models-for-assessing-new-object-reaction
#9
Yasushi Kiyokawa, Kazuyuki D Tanaka, Akiko Ishii, Kaori Mikami, Masatoshi Katayama, Ryoko Koizumi, Syota Minami, Tsutomu Tanikawa, Yukari Takeuchi
Wild animals generally avoid even small and harmless novel objects and/or familiar objects moved to a novel position, which is termed "new-object reaction." Although new-object reaction appears to be a biologically important characteristic for animals, little progress has been made in understanding the neural mechanisms underlying new-object reaction. One reason might be the lack of effective experimental animals. Two strains of roof rats (Sj and Og strains) were established from wild roof rats caught in Shinjuku, Tokyo, and one of the Ogasawara Islands, respectively, by a Japanese pest control company...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202853/structures-showing-negative-correlations-of-signal-intensity-with-postnatal-age-on-t1-weighted-imaging-of-the-brain-of-newborns-and-infants
#10
Saeka Hori, Toshiaki Taoka, Tomoko Ochi, Toshiteru Miyasaka, Masahiko Sakamoto, Katsutoshi Takayama, Takeshi Wada, Kaoru Myochin, Yukihiro Takahashi, Kimihiko Kichikawa
PURPOSE: Although the neonatal and infantile brain typically shows sequential T1 shortening according to gestational age as a result of myelination, several structures do not follow this rule. We evaluated the relationship between the signal intensity of various structures in the neonatal and infantile brain on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and either postnatal or gestational age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined magnetic resonance images from 120 newborns and infants without any abnormalities in the central nervous system...
February 16, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198211/both-n-methyl-d-aspartate-and-non-n-methyl-d-aspartate-glutamate-receptors-in-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-modulate-the-cardiovascular-responses-to-acute-restraint-stress-in-rats
#11
Mariane B Adami, Lucas Barretto-de-Souza, Josiane O Duarte, Jeferson Almeida, Carlos C Crestani
The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) is a forebrain structure that has been implicated on cardiovascular responses evoked by emotional stress. However, the local neurochemical mechanisms mediating the BNST control of stress responses are not fully described. In our study we investigated the involvement of glutamatergic neurotransmission within the BNST in cardiovascular changes evoked by acute restraint stress in rats. For this study, we investigated the effects of bilateral microinjections of selective antagonists of either N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) or non-NMDA glutamate receptors into the BNST on the arterial pressure and heart rate increase and the decrease in tail skin temperature induced by acute restraint stress...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195571/electrical-stimulation-of-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-reduces-anxiety-in-a-rat-model
#12
K Luyck, T Tambuyzer, M Deprez, J Rangarajan, B Nuttin, L Luyten
We recently showed that deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BST) reduces obsessions, compulsions and associated anxiety in patients suffering from severe, treatment-refractory obsessive-compulsive disorder. Here, we investigated the anxiolytic effects of electrical BST stimulation in a rat model of conditioned anxiety, unrelated to obsessions or compulsions. Two sets of stimulation parameters were evaluated. Using fixed settings at 100 Hz, 40 μs and 300 μA (Set A), we observed elevated freezing and startle levels, whereas stimulation at 130 Hz, 220 μs and individually tailored amplitudes (Set B) appeared to reduce freezing...
February 14, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166996/the-protective-role-of-tetramethylpyrazine-against-cisplatin-induced-ototoxicity
#13
Ali Bayram, Altan Kaya, Ebru Akay, İbrahim Hıra, İbrahim Özcan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) on cisplatin-induced ototoxicity in rats. METHODS: Forty healthy, female, 24-week-old, Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly assigned to four groups as follows: group one (n = 10) received intraperitoneal (i.p.) physiological saline at daily doses of 3 mg/kg for seven days; group two (n = 10) received a single dose of i.p. 15 mg/kg cisplatin; group three (n = 10) received i...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144885/effects-of-obesity-on-protein-kinase-c-brain-creatine-kinase-transcription-and-autophagy-in-cochlea
#14
Juen-Haur Hwang
Diet-induced obesity (DIO) has been shown to exacerbate hearing degeneration via increased hypoxia, inflammatory responses, and cell loss via both caspase-dependent and caspase-independent apoptosis signaling pathways. This study aimed to investigate the effects of DIO on the mRNA expressions of protein kinase c-β (PKC-β), brain creatine kinase (CKB), transcription modification genes, and autophagy-related genes in the cochlea of CD/1 mice. Sixteen 4-week-old male CD/1 mice were randomly divided into 2 groups...
January 31, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135838/novel-role-of-the-mitochondrial-protein-fus1-in-protection-from-premature-hearing-loss-via-regulation-of-oxidative-stress-and-nutrient-and-energy-sensing-pathways-in-the-inner-ear
#15
Winston J T Tan, Lei Song, Morven Graham, Amy Schettino, Dhasakumar Navaratnam, Wendell G Yarbrough, Joseph Santos-Sacchi, Alla V Ivanova
AIMS: Acquired hearing loss is a worldwide epidemic that affects all ages. It is multifactorial in etiology with poorly characterized molecular mechanisms. Mitochondria are critical components in hearing. Here, we aimed to identify the mechanisms of mitochondria-dependent hearing loss using Fus1 KO mice, our novel model of mitochondrial dysfunction/oxidative stress. RESULTS: Using auditory brainstem responses (ABRs), we characterized the Fus1 KO mouse as a novel, clinically relevant model of age-related hearing loss (ARHL) of metabolic etiology...
March 9, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120762/-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-ssri-are-mediated-by-5-ht2c-receptors-of-the-stria-terminalis
#16
Joël Bockaert, Carine Bécamel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115236/decrease-in-neuronal-spine-density-in-the-postpartum-period-in-the-amygdala-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-in-rat
#17
Seiki Matsuo, Ken Ichi Matsuda, Keiko Takanami, Taisuke Mori, Masaki Tanaka, Mitsuhiro Kawata, Jo Kitawaki
In pregnancy and the postpartum period, many women have emotional instability and some suffer from depression. The ovarian steroid hormone milieu is markedly changed during these periods, and this hormonal change may be an important cause of peripartum emotional instability. The amygdala is a central region of emotion, and the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST), which is considered to be the extended amygdala, is also involved in the emotional response. The amygdala and BNST are well characterized as target brain regions for ovarian steroid hormones, and this suggests that the functional response of neurons in these regions to hormonal fluctuation is affected in the peripartum period...
January 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108394/unsmoothed-functional-mri-of-the-human-amygdala-and-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis-during-processing-of-emotional-faces
#18
Ronald Sladky, Nicole Geissberger, Daniela M Pfabigan, Christoph Kraus, Martin Tik, Michael Woletz, Katharina Paul, Thomas Vanicek, Bastian Auer, Georg S Kranz, Claus Lamm, Rupert Lanzenberger, Christian Windischberger
Functional neuroimaging of the human amygdala has been of great interest to uncover the neural underpinnings of emotions, mood, motivation, social cognition, and decision making, as well as their dysfunction in psychiatric disorders. Yet, several factors limit in vivo imaging of amygdalar function, most importantly its location deep within the temporal lobe adjacent to air-filled cavities that cause magnetic field inhomogeneities entailing signal dropouts. Additionally, the amygdala and the extended amygdalar region consist of several substructures, which have been assigned different functions and have important implications for functional and effective connectivity studies...
January 17, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106040/the-effects-of-prior-stress-on-anxiety-like-responding-to-intra-bnst-pituitary-adenylate-cyclase-activating-polypeptide-pacap-in-male-and-female-rats
#19
S Bradley King, Kim R Lezak, Micaela O'Reilly, Donna J Toufexis, William A Falls, Karen Braas, Victor May, Sayamwong E Hammack
Chronic or repeated exposure to stressful stimuli can result in several maladaptive consequences, including increased anxiety-like behaviors and altered peptide expression in anxiety-related brain structures. Among these structures, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) has been implicated in emotional behaviors as well as regulation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity. In male rodents, chronic variate stress (CVS) has been shown to increase BNST pituitary adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its cognate PAC1 receptor transcript, and BNST PACAP signaling may mediate the maladaptive changes associated with chronic stress...
January 20, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104355/allopregnanolone-induces-state-dependent-fear-via-the-bed-nucleus-of-the-stria-terminalis
#20
Gillian M Acca, Abel S Mathew, Jingji Jin, Stephen Maren, Naomi Nagaya
Gonadal steroids and their metabolites have been shown to be important modulators of emotional behavior. Allopregnanolone (ALLO), for example, is a metabolite of progesterone that has been linked to anxiety-related disorders such as posttraumatic stress disorder. In rodents, it has been shown to reduce anxiety in a number of behavioral paradigms including Pavlovian fear conditioning. We have recently found that expression of conditioned contextual (but not auditory) freezing in rats can be suppressed by infusion of ALLO into the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST)...
January 16, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
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