Read by QxMD icon Read

burnout in paramedics

Neal E Winblad, Michael Changaris, Phyllis K Stein
Background: Individuals who treat trauma are at significant risk of vicarious traumatization and burnout. Somatic Experiencing® (SE®) is a resiliency-focused trauma treatment modality designed to address autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and its impacted physical health and mental health symptoms e.g., anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, migraines, fibromyalgia, and chronic fatigue, etc. The SE® training supports the development of clinical skills to reduce physical health/mental health symptoms as well as increase clinician resilience...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Brett Williams, Rosalind Lau, Emma Thornton, Lauren S Olney
Background: The concepts of empathy and burnout are critical for practicing paramedics and the profession. While there has been an increasing body of research on the relationship between empathy and burnout with physicians and nurses, surprisingly, no research has been undertaken with paramedics. The aim of this scoping review was to explore the relationship between empathy and burnout. Method: A scoping review was performed based on Arskey and O'Malley's framework...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
Remle P Crowe, Julie K Bower, Rebecca E Cash, Ashish R Panchal, Severo A Rodriguez, Susan E Olivo-Marston
OBJECTIVES: Emergency medical services (EMS) professionals often work long hours at multiple jobs and endure frequent exposure to traumatic events. The stressors inherent to the prehospital setting may increase the likelihood of experiencing burnout and lead providers to exit the profession, representing a serious workforce and public health concern. Our objectives were to estimate the prevalence of burnout, identify characteristics associated with experiencing burnout, and quantify its relationship with factors that negatively impact EMS workforce stability, namely sickness absence and turnover intentions...
March 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
E J Mew, S D Ritchie, D VanderBurgh, J L Beardy, J Gordon, M Fortune, S Mamakwa, A M Orkin
BACKGROUND: Approximately 24,000 Ontarians live in remote Indigenous communities with no road access. These communities are a subset of Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN), a political grouping of 49 First Nations communities in Northern Ontario, Canada. Limited information is available regarding the status of emergency care in these communities. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to understand emergency response systems, services, and training in remote NAN communities. DESIGN: We used an environmental scan approach to compile information from multiple sources including community-based participatory research...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
Aidana Lygnugaryte-Griksiene, Darius Leskauskas, Nedas Jasinskas, Agne Masiukiene
BACKGROUND: Lithuania currently has the highest suicide rate in Europe and the fifth highest worldwide. AIMS: To identify the factors that influence the suicide intervention skills of emergency medical services (EMS) providers (doctors, nurses, paramedics). METHOD: Two hundred and sixty-eight EMS providers participated in the research. The EMS providers were surveyed both prior to their training in suicide intervention and six months later...
2017: Medical Education Online
S G Pogosian
The article presents results of sociological survey of 650 paramedical personnel. It is established that 37% out ofthem suffer from chronic diseases. The given indicator is reliably higher in patients of elder age having three and more children and low income. The relationship is established between health level and opinions ofparamedicalpersonnel about public significance ofprofession availability of conflicts with physicians and labor loads. The signs of emotional burnout syndrome have 77.8-83.3% of respondents according different techniques...
November 2015: Problemy Sot︠s︡ialʹnoĭ Gigieny, Zdravookhranenii︠a︡ i Istorii Medit︠s︡iny
Soazic Dréano-Hartz, Wadih Rhondali, Mathilde Ledoux, Murielle Ruer, Julien Berthiller, Anne-Marie Schott, Léa Monsarrat, Marilène Filbet
OBJECTIVE: Burnout syndrome is a work-related professional distress. Palliative care physicians often have to deal with complex end-of-life situations and are at risk of presenting with burnout syndrome, which has been little studied in this population. Our study aims to identify the impact of clinical settings (in a palliative care unit (PCU) or on a palliative care mobile team (PCMT)) on palliative care physicians. METHOD: We undertook a cross-sectional study using a questionnaire that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and we gathered sociodemographic and professional data...
August 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
Mike Brady
Death anxiety, or 'thanatophobia', is a state in which people experience negative emotional reactions in recognition of their own mortality. Emergency and unscheduled healthcare workers, such as emergency nurses and paramedics, are constantly reminded of death and therefore of their own mortality, and this makes them susceptible to death anxiety. This article introduces the concept of death anxiety, and highlights the need for staff, employers and universities to recognise its signs and symptoms. It also suggests some interventions that could prevent the debilitating effects of death anxiety, to improve staff's mental health and the care they provide to patients...
July 2015: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
David B King, Anita DeLongis
Previous research has highlighted the importance of examining the interpersonal context of stress and coping. How individuals in a relationship respond to one another and cope with stress together have important outcomes on both individual and dyadic levels. The current study sought to examine 2 deleterious coping responses, rumination and interpersonal withdrawal, as they relate to occupational stress and interact in the home setting. An intensive longitudinal design was employed in a sample of 87 couples in which 1 partner was working as a paramedic...
August 2014: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Janice Halpern, Robert G Maunder, Brian Schwartz, Maria Gurevich
Effective workplace-based interventions after critical incidents (CIs) are needed for emergency medical technicians (EMT)/paramedics. The evidence for a period out of service post-CI (downtime) is sparse; however it may prevent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and burnout symptoms. We examined the hypothesis that downtime post-CI is associated with fewer symptoms of four long-term emotional sequelae in EMT/paramedics: depression, PTSD, burnout, and stress-related emotional symptoms (accepted cut-offs defined high scores)...
2014: BioMed Research International
Jessica L Paterson, Sarah Sofianopoulos, Brett Williams
OBJECTIVE: Paramedic fatigue is associated with burnout, attrition, sick leave, work disability, physical and mental health complaints and impaired performance. However, no studies have addressed how fatigue is understood by paramedics. The present study addresses this shortcoming by exploring factors paramedics recognise as contributors to fatigue. METHODS: Forty-nine (12F; 38 years ± 9.7 years) Australian paramedics completed a survey on perceived causes of performance impairing fatigue...
April 2014: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
W O Chakroun, I Rejeb, L Kammoun, A Nasri, T Ghnainia, A Chaari, H Ksibi, A Chaari, M Bouaziz, N Rekik
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this work were to make an inventory of the stress level, to detect various stressors and to describe the working conditions as perceived by staff to pinpoint the factors that might be changed. STUDY DESIGN: This survey was conducted from July to August 2012 in all sectors of the emergency department. We used the Karasek model. Collected data were demographic and professional. RESULTS: We included 107 participants, which represent 61...
September 2013: Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie et de Rèanimation
L Chennoufi, F Ellouze, W Cherif, M Mersni, M F M'rad
INTRODUCTION: Burnout, or professional exhaustion syndrome, is defined as a state of emotional, mental and physical exhaustion caused by excessive and prolonged stress at work. Despite the fact that it is not a recognized disorder in the DSM-IV, burnout has been widely described among medical and paramedical staff. In Tunisia, all the studies about this syndrome have only considered populations of doctors. However, professional exhaustion syndrome is not only limited to the medical sector, but can also be seen in any profession involving a relation of help...
December 2012: L'Encéphale
Janice Halpern, Robert G Maunder, Brian Schwartz, Maria Gurevich
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics experience critical incidents which evoke distress and impaired functioning but it is unknown which aspects of incidents contribute to their impact. We sought to determine these specific characteristics by developing an inventory of critical incident characteristics and testing their relationship to protracted recovery from acute stress, and subsequent emotional symptoms. METHODS: EMT/paramedics (n = 223) completed a retrospective survey of reactions to an index critical incident, and current depressive, posttraumatic and burnout symptoms...
2012: BMC Emergency Medicine
Willem Stassen, Benjamin Van Nugteren, Christopher Stein
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of burnout among advanced life support (ALS) paramedics in Johannesburg, South Africa and assess the relationship between burnout and a number of demographic characteristics of the sampled ALS paramedics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional internet-based survey. METHOD: Survey invitations were sent via email to 98 registered ALS paramedics in the Johannesburg area. The survey questionnaire was created by combining the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) with numerous distractor questions...
April 2013: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Janice Halpern, Robert G Maunder, Brian Schwartz, Maria Gurevich
For paramedics, critical incidents evoke intense emotions and may result in later psychological difficulties. We examined 2 ways to deal with emotions after critical incidents: (a) identifying emotions, and (b) describing and expressing emotions, and their association with recovery from acute stress and psychological symptoms. We surveyed 190 paramedics, examining how impaired capacity to identify and describe emotions (alexithymia) and voluntary expression of emotions during contacts with others in the first 24 hours after the incident were associated with recovery from acute stress and current symptoms of PTSD, depression, burnout, and somatization...
February 2012: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Robert G Maunder, Janice Halpern, Brian Schwartz, Maria Gurevich
BACKGROUND: Mental and physical symptoms are common in paramedics, which may relate to high work stress, including critical incidents. As previous trauma is a risk factor for psychological symptoms after exposure to critical incidents, the prevalence of childhood experiences with abuse and neglect and paramedics' adaptation to critical incidents may be important. METHODS: 635 paramedics were surveyed regarding childhood experiences of physical, sexual or emotional abuse as well an index critical incident from the past, acute stress responses to that event and current mental and physical symptoms...
March 2012: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Florian Popa, Arafat Raed, Victor Lorin Purcarea, Adrian Lală, George Bobirnac
INTRODUCTION: The specificity of the emergency medical act strongly manifests itself on account of a wide series of psycho-traumatizing factors augmented both by the vulnerable situation of the patient and the paroxysmal state of the act. Also, it has been recognized that the physical solicitation and distress levels are the highest among all medical specialties, this being a valuable marker for establishing the quality of the medical act. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We have surveyed a total of 4725 emergency medical workers with the MBI-HSS instrument, receiving 4693 valid surveys (99...
July 2010: Journal of Medicine and Life
G Prati, L Pietrantoni
OBJECTIVE: Fire-fighters, paramedics and civil protection volunteers routinely confront potentially traumatic events in the course of their jobs. The frequency of exposure to critical incidents and the relationship between critical incident exposure and quality of life (Professional Quality of Life Scale, PROQOL, Stamm, 2005) SUBJECTS: A sample of 586 Italian emergency workers. RESULTS: The data indicated that the most frequent critical incidents were incidents involving multiple casualties (65% three or more times), prolonged extrication of trapped victim with life-threatening injuries (64% three or more times), verbal or physical threat by public while on duty (41% three or more times), and victims known to fire-emergency worker (40% three or more times)...
July 2009: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Gabriele Prati, Luca Pietrantoni, Elvira Cicognani
Rescue workers are frequently exposed to highly stressful situations during their everyday work activity. Stress and coping theory emphasizes the interaction between primary and secondary appraisal in determining coping responses to stressful events and quality of life. According to Social Cognitive Theory, stress reactions depend on self-appraisal of coping capabilities. The present study investigated whether self-efficacy moderates the relationship between stress appraisal and professional quality of life...
July 2010: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"