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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548921/repeatability-testing-of-a-new-hybrid-iii-6-year-old-atd-lower-extremity
#1
Laura C Boucher, Yeonsu Ryu, Yun-Seok Kang, John H Bolte
OBJECTIVE: Vehicle safety is improving, thus decreasing the number of life-threatening injuries and increasing the need for research in other areas of the body. The current child anthropomorphic test device (ATD) does not have the capabilities or instrumentation to measure many of the potential interactions between the lower extremity and the vehicle interior. A prototype Hybrid III 6-year-old ATD lower extremity (ATD-LE) was developed and contains a tibia load cell and a more biofidelic ankle...
May 29, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547175/influence-of-body-mass-index-and-type-of-low-level-exercise-on-the-side-effect-profile-of-regadenoson
#2
Carlos Salgado-Garcia, Amelia Jimenez-Heffernan, Juana Lopez-Martin, Manuela Molina-Mora, Tarik Aroui, Elena Sanchez de Mora, Carlos Ramos-Font, Francisco Rivera de Los Santos, Carlos Ruiz-Frutos
PURPOSE: Regadenoson, an A2A adenosine receptor pharmacologic stress agent for radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), is administered as a single, fixed dose. We studied the side effect profile of regadenoson combined with two types of low-level exercise, according to body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Three hundred and fifty-six patients (46.1% men, mean age 67.7±10.7 years, range 31-90 years) underwent regadenoson stress testing combined with low-level exercise...
May 25, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546818/investigating-the-relationship-between-sexual-function-and-quality-of-life-in-menopausal-women
#3
Masumeh Ghazanfarpour, Talat Khadivzadeh, Masaudeh Babakhanian
Objective: To evaluate the symptoms of menopausal women and the link between sexual function, menopausal symptoms and demographic variables. Materials and methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 202 postmenopausal women admitted to the health care centers were selected. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) questionnaire and Menopause-Specific Quality of Life (MENQOL) were the main means of data gathering. Results: The results of our study suggested that suggested that women experienced a number of menopausal symptoms such hot flash, headache and neck pains, reduced physical strength weight gain, pain or leg cramps, intensified sexual problem than women who lack such symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Family & Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546466/changes-in-brachial-artery-endothelial-function-and-resting-diameter-with-moderate-intensity-continuous-but-not-sprint-interval-training-in-sedentary-men
#4
Ninette Shenouda, Jenna B Gillen, Martin J Gibala, Maureen J MacDonald
Moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) improves peripheral artery function in healthy adults, a phenomenon that reverses as continued training induces structural remodeling. Sprint interval training (SIT) elicits physiological adaptations similar to MICT despite a lower exercise volume and time-commitment; however, its effect on peripheral artery function and structure is largely unexplored. We compared peripheral artery responses to 12 weeks of MICT and SIT in sedentary, healthy men (age=27±8 years)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545804/knemometry-assessment-of-short-term-growth-in-children-with-asthma-receiving-fluticasone-furoate-for-2-weeks-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial
#5
Ole D Wolthers, Sally Stone, Philippe Bareille, Susan Tomkins, Sanjeev Khindri
PURPOSE: A dry powder inhaler formulation of the inhaled corticosteroid fluticasone furoate (FF) is being evaluated for use in children. An important potential risk associated with the use of inhaled corticosteroids in children is growth suppression. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the short-term lower leg growth in children with asthma treated for 2 weeks with inhaled FF versus placebo from the ELLIPTA inhaler. METHODS: Prepubertal children with persistent asthma (n = 60; aged 5 to <12 years) were recruited into a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2-way crossover, noninferiority study...
May 22, 2017: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544886/the-level-of-physical-fitness-in-children-aged-6-7years-with-low-birthweight
#6
Elżbieta Cieśla, Monika Zaręba, Sławomir Kozieł
BACKGROUND: Level of physical fitness is related to the functional status of most of the bodily functions and so it appears to be very important to identify perinatal factors influencing physical fitness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of birth weight on the level of physical fitness in children 6-7years of age. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Physical fitness was assessed using EUROFIT tests in 28,623 children, aged 6-7years, from rural areas in Poland...
May 22, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543814/intra-and-interindividual-variability-of-fatty-acid-unsaturation-in-six-different-human-adipose-tissue-compartments-assessed-by-1-h-mrs-in-vivo-at-3%C3%A2-t
#7
Jürgen Machann, Norbert Stefan, Robert Wagner, Malte Bongers, Erwin Schleicher, Andreas Fritsche, Hans-Ulrich Häring, Konstantin Nikolaou, Fritz Schick
It is generally accepted that the amount and distribution of adipose tissue (AT) in the human body play an important role in the pathogenesis of metabolic diseases. In addition, metabolic effects of released saturated fatty acids (FAs) in blood are known to be more critical than those of unsaturated FAs. However, little is known about the variability in unsaturation of FAs in various AT compartments. The aim of this prospective study was the assessment of mono- and polyunsaturated FAs in various AT compartments by localized (1) H-MRS in order to obtain insight into the intra- and interindividual variability...
May 25, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543791/the-association-between-eccentric-hip-abduction-strength-and-hip-and-knee-angular-movements-in-recreational-male-runners-an-explorative-study
#8
René B K Brund, Sten Rasmussen, Rasmus O Nielsen, Uwe G Kersting, Uffe Laessoe, Michael Voigt
Weak hip abductors may be related with increased hip adduction and knee abduction angular movement, which may be risk factors of lower extremity injuries. Since the role of eccentric hip abduction strength (EHAS) on hip adduction angular movement and the knee abduction angular movement (KABD) remains unclear and the purpose of the present study was to explore the association between EHAS and hip- and knee angular movement. In 100 healthy male recreational runners, EHAS was quantified using an isokinetic dynamometer, while hip- and knee angular movement were collected using pressure sensitive treadmill and Codamotion active marker system...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541880/reconstruction-of-a-large-leg-defect-with-a-combined-hatchet-flap-technique
#9
Roberto Cecchi, Laura Bartoli, Luigi Brunetti, Giovanni Troiano
The repair of lower leg defects, not amenable to primary closure, may be challenging, since the skin at this level is scarcely elastic and difficult to mobilize. Local skin flaps are generally utilized only to restore moderately sized losses, whereas grafting becomes a realistic choice in presence of larger wounds. We present the case of a 70-year-old man with a wide defect on his right leg following the surgical excision of a squamous cell carcinoma. The wound was successfully closed with a combination of three hatchet flaps...
April 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538889/schamberg-s-disease-case-report-with-therapeutic-success-by-using-colchicine
#10
Maria Lopes Lamenha Lins Cavalcante, Paula Yoshiko Masuda, Fernanda Freitas de Brito, Ana Cecília Versiani Duarte Pinto, Gabriela Itimura, Adauto José Ferreira Nunes
Pigmented purpuric dermatoses (PPD) include a spectrum of diseases with different clinical aspects, but with similar histopathological features. Specific clinical findings allow the division of PPD in variants. Schamberg's disease is the most common. Treatment is sometimes ineffective and recurrences are common. There are reports of patients who responded well to the use of colchicine. We report the case of a 32-year-old woman, previously healthy, with a history of onset of asymptomatic lesions in legs. She presented purpuric skin eruptions and brownish stains diffusely distributed in the lower limbs...
March 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538374/a-systematic-review-of-the-keystone-design-perforator-island-flap-in-lower-extremity-defects
#11
Jiuzuo Huang, Nanze Yu, Xiao Long, Xiaojun Wang
BACKGROUND: The keystone design perforator island flap is useful for the reconstruction of lower extremity defects. We performed a systematic review with the objective of identifying complication rates associated with using the keystone design perforator island flap to treat such defects. METHODS: The MEDLINE, PubMed Central, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched from January 2003 to August 2016 for articles describing keystone design perforator island flaps in lower extremities...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538326/technology-in-strength-and-conditioning-tracking-lower-limb-exercises-with-wearable-sensors
#12
Martin A OʼReilly, Darragh F Whelan, Tomas E Ward, Eamonn Delahunt, Brian Caulfield
O'Reilly, MA, Whelan, DF, Ward, TE, Delahunt, E, and Caulfield, B. Technology in strength and conditioning tracking lower-limb exercises with wearable sensors. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1726-1736, 2017-Strength and conditioning (S&C) coaches offer expert guidance to help those they work with achieve their personal fitness goals. However, because of cost and availability issues, individuals are often left training without expert supervision. Recent developments in inertial measurement units (IMUs) and mobile computing platforms have allowed for the possibility of unobtrusive motion tracking systems and the provision of real-time individualized feedback regarding exercise performance...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538323/the-effect-of-a-psychomotor-education-program-on-the-static-balance-of-children-with-intellectual-disability
#13
Eleni G Fotiadou, Konstantina H Neofotistou, Paraskevi F Giagazoglou, Vasilios K Tsimaras
Fotiadou, EG, Neofotistou, KH, Giagazoglou, PF, and Tsimaras, VK. The effect of a psychomotor education program on the static balance of children with intellectual disability. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1702-1708, 2017-Children with intellectual disability (ID) demonstrate lower balance ability which results in substantial delays in motor growth and limits their function level. Psychomotor education comprises a holistic movement approach, with the aim to improve all aspects of each child personality. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a psychomotor education program on static balance of school-aged children with ID...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538312/skeletal-muscle-contraction-time-and-tone-decrease-after-8-weeks-of-plyometric-training
#14
Damir Zubac, Boštjan Šimunič
Zubac, D and Šimunič, B. Skeletal muscle contraction time and tone decrease after 8 weeks of plyometric training. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1610-1619, 2017-The aim of the study was to examine whether an improvement in jumping performance after 8 weeks of plyometric training (PT) runs in parallel with changes in lower-limb skeletal muscle contractile properties. Using noninvasive tensiomyography (TMG), we assessed contraction time (Tc) and the maximal amplitude of radial displacement (Dm) in 20 subjects (50% men; age 22...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538308/effect-of-electrical-myostimulation-on-the-function-of-lower-leg-muscles
#15
Viktoras Silinskas, Albinas GrŪnovas, Jurate Stanislovaitiene, Alfonsas Buliuolis, Eugenijus Trinkunas, Jonas Poderys
Silinskas, V, Grūnovas, A, Stanislovaitiene, J, Buliuolis, A, Trinkunas, E, and Poderys, J. Effect of electrical myostimulation on the function of lower leg muscles. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1577-1584, 2017-Electrical myostimulation (EMS) method is applied to improve skeletal muscle function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of EMS applied to the sole and calf muscles on their strength and on maximal sprint performance. Each of 10 training sessions involved 10 seconds of stimulation and 50 seconds of rest for a total of 10 minutes...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535849/calf-endurance-and-achilles-tendon-structure-in-classical-ballet-dancers
#16
Jennifer A Zellers, Katrina van Ostrand, Karin Grävare Silbernagel
Optimal lower leg function is critical for ballet dancers to meet their occupational requirements. Achilles tendon injury is particularly detrimental to ballet dancers. While standardized measures have been validated and incorporated into clinical practice for use in people with Achilles tendon injury, normative ranges specific to the dancer population have not been described. The purpose of this pilot study was to observe the performance of pre-professional ballet students and professional ballet dancers on a well-established test battery for lower leg functional performance as well as ultra-sonographic evaluation of the structure of their Achilles tendons...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534200/atrophy-of-calf-muscles-by-unloading-results-in-an-increase-of-tissue-sodium-concentration-and-fat-fraction-decrease-a-23-na-mri-physiology-study
#17
D A Gerlach, K Schopen, P Linz, B Johannes, J Titze, J Zange, J Rittweger
PURPOSE: (23)Na MRI demonstrated increased tissue sodium concentrations in a number of pathologies. Acute atrophy results in muscle fibre volume shrinking that may result in a relative increase of extracellular volume and might affect sodium concentration. Thus, we hypothesized that local unloading of the calf muscles would lead to a decrease in muscle volume and an increase in muscle tissue sodium concentration. METHOD: One lower leg of 12 healthy male subjects was submitted to a 60 day long period of unloading using the Hephaistos orthosis, while the other leg served as control...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533989/iatrogenic-spinal-subdural-extra-arachnoid-hygroma-following-uncomplicated-lumbar-decompression
#18
Benjamin D Elder, Wataru Ishida, Rory C Goodwin, Ali Bydon
Intradural spinal arachnoid cysts (ISACs) have been reported in the current literature as either an idiopathic disease or exceedingly rare sequelae after lumbar puncture, spinal trauma, or meningitis. Other studies have more appropriately termed the iatrogenic pathology as a spinal subdural extra-arachnoid hygroma (SSEH), as there is not often a clear cyst wall as in a true arachnoid cyst. However, to the best of our knowledge, none of the previous studies described an SSEH following uncomplicated posterior lumbar surgery, as they have previously involved clear durotomies during the initial operation...
April 17, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533981/effects-of-knee-sleeves-on-coordination-of-lower-limb-segments-in-healthy-adults-during-level-walking-and-one-leg-hopping
#19
Chang-Yong Ko, Yunhee Chang, Bora Jeong, Sungjae Kang, Jeicheong Ryu, Gyoosuk Kim
The evaluation of multisegment coordination is important in gaining a better understanding of the gait and physical activities in humans. Therefore, this study aims to verify whether the use of knee sleeves affects the coordination of lower-limb segments during level walking and one-leg hopping. Eleven healthy male adults participated in this study. They were asked to walk 10 m on a level ground and perform one-leg hops with and without a knee sleeve. The segment angles and the response velocities of the thigh, shank, and foot were measured and calculated by using a motion analysis system...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533623/short-physical-performance-battery-for-middle-aged-and-older-adult-cardiovascular-disease-patients-implication-for-strength-tests-and-lower-extremity-morphological-evaluation
#20
Tomohiro Yasuda, Kazuya Fukumura, Toshiaki Nakajima
[Purpose] To examine if the SPPB is higher with healthy subjects than outpatients, which was higher than inpatients and if the SPPB can be validated assessment tool for strength tests and lower extremity morphological evaluation in cardiovascular disease patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four middle aged and older adults with cardiovascular disease were recruited from inpatient and outpatient facilities and assigned to separate experimental groups. Twelve age-matched healthy volunteers were assigned to a control group...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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