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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905350/evaluation-of-severity-score-in-patients-with-lower-limb-and-pelvic-fractures-injured-in-motor-vehicle-front-impact-collisions
#1
Mehmet Ata Gokalp, Yavuz Hekimoglu, Abdurrahim Gozen, Savas Guner, Mahmut Asirdizer
BACKGROUND Lower limb and pelvic injuries and fractures occur at a very high incidence in motor vehicle accidents. In this study, the characteristics (e.g., body side, bone location, and fracture severity) of lower limb and pelvic fractures that occurred during front-impact collisions were correlated with the injured patients' sex, age, and position in the vehicle. MATERIAL AND METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 191 patients (136 males, 55 females) who were injured in motor vehicle accidents, specifically in frontal collisions...
December 1, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904797/preseason-jump-and-hop-measures-in-male-collegiate-basketball-players-an-epidemiologic-report
#2
Jason Brumitt, Amy Engilis, Dale Isaak, Amy Briggs, Alma Mattocks
BACKGROUND: Injuries are inherent in basketball with lower extremity (LE) injury rates reported as high as 11.6 per 1000 athletic exposures (AEs); many of these injuries result in time loss from sport participation. A recent trend in sports medicine research has been the attempt to identify athletes who may be at risk for injury based on measures of preseason fitness. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine if the standing long jump (SLJ) and/or the single-leg hop (SLH) for distance functional performance tests (FPT) are associated with non-contact time loss lower quadrant (LQ, defined as lower extremities or low back) injury in collegiate male basketball players...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904756/ct-negative-mri-gre-positive-primary-motor-cortex-contusion-causing-isolated-foot-drop
#3
Alexander M Tucker, Tianyi Niu, Daniel T Nagasawa, Richard Everson, Shaina Sedighim, Manuel M Buitrago Blanco
BACKGROUND: Isolated acute foot drop due to traumatic brain injury is exceedingly rare and is often misdiagnosed during initial evaluation. Here, we present the case of a patient who presented with left foot drop after falling off a bicycle. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient is a 55-year-old male who was mountain biking when he fell, hit his head, and lost consciousness. Neurologic examination of the left leg revealed foot drop, no sensory deficits, and 3+ reflexes at the knee and ankle with clonus...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904755/paraplegia-caused-by-cerebral-contusions-in-the-bilateral-precentral-gyri
#4
Hideaki Matsumura, Hiroyuki Fujimori, Naoaki Sato, Akira Matsumura
BACKGROUND: Paraplegia is mainly caused by spinal cord disease and rarely occurs due to head trauma. In this report, we describe a case of paraplegia caused by cerebral contusions in the bilateral precentral gyri. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 72-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with mildly impaired consciousness and severe pure motor paralysis in both legs. He was healthy until the morning of the day, but his wife found him injured in front of his house upon returning home...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904207/primary-cutaneous-synovial-sarcoma-an-extremely-rare-report-of-superficial-synovial-sarcoma
#5
Nastaran Namazi, Morteza Ghassemipour, Azadeh Rakhshan, Ata Abbasi
Synovial sarcoma is a type of malignancy which usually occurs near the joints of the arm, neck, or leg. It is a sarcoma of soft tissue and accounts for 5-10% of all adult soft tissue sarcomas in the world. We present a case with primary superficial cutaneous synovial sarcoma without involvement of the underlying knee joint. It is a very rare condition, and to the best of our knowledge, it is the second report of this topic. Although it is rare among soft tissue tumors, the dermatologists should have precise attention to this skin tumor, as early diagnosis is associated with lower metastatic rate and therefore better prognosis...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902906/generalized-tetanus-in-a-gyrfalcon-falco-rusticolus-with-pododermatitis
#6
Hugues Beaufrère, Delphine Laniesse, Paul Stickings, Robert Tierney, Thea Sesardic, Durda Slavic, Nicole Compo, Dale A Smith
A 2-yr-old male gyrfalcon ( Falco rusticolus ) was presented for severe and generalized muscle spasticity and pododermatitis. The falcon had been treated for pododermatitis over the previous 4 mo. Muscle rigidity and spasms involved the entire bird but were more severe on the right leg. The bird was also tachypneic and hyperthermic at 45 C. While the plantar pododermatitis lesions had healed, there was still a small abscess on the lateral aspect of the right foot. Clinical signs were consistent with tetanus...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902895/pathogeny-of-fatigued-walking-condition-in-pekin-ducks
#7
M J Da Costa, E O Oviedo-Rondón, M Wineland, D Jeffrey
Fatigued walking condition (FWC) in ducks is an important welfare and processing issue during the loading/unloading to the processing plant that can be related to heart and bone development. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of incubation conditions on duck embryo bone and heart development and their subsequent effects on ducks showing FWC at market age. Four groups of 2500 Pekin duck eggs were subjected to combinations of two incubation temperature profiles (elevated [E] and normal [N]) and two eggshell conductance profiles (G) (reduced [GR] and normal [GN])...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902645/effect-of-nerve-stimulation-use-on-the-success-rate-of-ultrasound-guided-subsartorial-saphenous-nerve-block-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Shaylyn H Montgomery, Colleen M Shamji, Grace S Yi, Cynthia H Yarnold, Stephen J Head, Scott C Bell, Stephan K W Schwarz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasound-guided subsartorial saphenous nerve block is commonly used to provide complete surgical anesthesia of the foot and ankle in combination with a popliteal sciatic nerve block. However, in part owing to its small caliber and absence of a prominent vascular landmark in the subsartorial plane distal to the adductor canal, the saphenous nerve is more difficult to reliably block than the sciatic nerve in the popliteal fossa. Although the saphenous nerve is a sensory nerve only, neurostimulation can be used to elicit a "tapping" sensation on the anteromedial aspect of the lower leg extending toward the medial malleolus...
November 29, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901277/negative-pressure-wound-therapy-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-surgical-site-infections-after-vascular-surgery
#9
REVIEW
S Acosta, M Björck, A Wanhainen
BACKGROUND: Indications for negative-pressure wound therapy (NPWT) in vascular surgical patients are expanding. The aim of this review was to outline the evidence for NPWT on open and closed wounds. METHODS: A PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library search from 2007 to June 2016 was performed combining the medical subject headings terms 'wound infection', 'abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA)', 'fasciotomy', 'vascular surgery' and 'NPWT' or 'VAC'. RESULTS: NPWT of open infected groin wounds was associated with shorter duration of wound healing by 47 days, and was more cost-effective than alginate dressings in one RCT...
November 30, 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900869/-evaluation-of-five-years-of-treatment-of-erdheim-chester-disease-with-anakinra-case-report-and-overview-of-literature
#10
Zdeněk Adam, Hana Petrášová, Zdeněk Řehák, Renata Koukalová, Marta Krejčí, Luděk Pour, Eva Vetešníková, Aleš Čermák, Sabina Ševčíková, Petr Szturz, Zdeněk Král, Jiří Mayer
: Erdheim-Chester disease is a histiocytic neoplasm of diseases from the group of non-Langerhans-cell histiocytoses, formed by infiltrates of foamy histiocytes. These pathological histiocytes produce pro-inflammatory cytokines. Therefore Erdheim-Chester disease is called inflammatory histiocytary neoplasm. The disease is accompanied by clinical symptoms of systemic inflammatory response, i.e. B symptoms. Imaging examinations detect typical osteosclerotic changes affecting diaphyses and metaphyses of the lower long bones and fibrotic changes which affect the aorta wall and the vessels leading from it...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900170/low-fitness-low-body-mass-and-prior-injury-predict-injury-risk-during-military-recruit-training-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-the-british-army
#11
Mark Robinson, Andrew Siddall, James Bilzon, Dylan Thompson, Julie Greeves, Rachel Izard, Keith Stokes
BACKGROUND: Injuries sustained by military recruits during initial training impede training progression and military readiness while increasing financial costs. This study investigated training-related injuries and injury risk factors among British Army infantry recruits. METHODS: Recruits starting infantry training at the British Army Infantry Training Centre between September 2008 and March 2010 were eligible to take part. Information regarding lifestyle behaviours and injury history was collected using the Military Pre-training Questionnaire...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898185/perfusion-has-no-effect-on-the-in-vivo-cest-effect-from-cr-crcest-in-skeletal-muscle
#12
Feliks Kogan, Randall B Stafford, Erin K Englund, Garry E Gold, Hari Hariharan, John A Detre, Ravinder Reddy
Creatine, a key component of muscle energy metabolism, exhibits a chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) effect between its amine group and bulk water, which has been exploited to spatially and temporally map creatine changes in skeletal muscle before and after exercise. In addition, exercise leads to an increase in muscle perfusion. In this work, we determined the effects of perfused blood on the CEST effects from creatine in skeletal muscle. Experiments were performed on healthy human subjects (n = 5) on a whole-body Siemens 7T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner with a 28-channel radiofrequency (RF) coil...
November 29, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897410/androgen-deprivation-causes-selective-deficits-in-the-biomechanical-leg-muscle-function-of-men-during-walking-a-prospective-case-control-study
#13
Ada S Cheung, Hans Gray, Anthony G Schache, Rudolf Hoermann, Daryl Lim Joon, Jeffrey D Zajac, Marcus G Pandy, Mathis Grossmann
BACKGROUND: Although muscle mass declines with testosterone deficiency in men, previous studies of muscle function have not demonstrated consistent deficits, likely due to relatively insensitive methodology. Our objective was to determine the effects of testosterone deprivation on the biomechanical function of individual lower-limb muscles. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month prospective, observational case-control study of 34 men newly commencing androgen deprivation treatment (ADT) for prostate cancer and 29 age-matched prostate cancer controls...
August 2, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896273/relationships-between-muscle-architecture-of-rectus-femoris-and-functional-parameters-of-knee-motion-in-adults-with-down-syndrome
#14
Maria Stella Valle, Antonino Casabona, Marco Micale, Matteo Cioni
This study was designed to measure in vivo muscle architecture of the rectus femoris in adults with Down syndrome, testing possible relationships with functional parameters of the knee motion. Ten adults with Down syndrome and ten typically developed participated in the study. Pennation angle and thickness of the rectus femoris and subcutaneous layer of the thigh were measured via ultrasound imaging. Knee kinematics and electromyographic activity of the rectus femoris were recorded during free leg dropping...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893563/resistance-training-improves-muscle-function-and-cardiometabolic-risks-but-not-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Ping-Lun Hsieh, Chin-Hsiao Tseng, Yufeng Jane Tseng, Wei-Shiung Yang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In older people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), the effects of aging and T2DM may compromise the function of skeletal muscle, deteriorate metabolic status, and jeopardize physical performance, aerobic capacity, and quality of life (QoL). The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of resistance training (RT) on muscle function, physical performance, cardiometabolic risks, and QoL in older people with T2DM. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial that employed block randomization, assessor blinding, and the intention-to-treat principle...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893480/high-speed-resistance-training-modifies-load-velocity-and-load-power-relationships-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
Meng Ni, Joseph F Signorile
Muscle power is a major neuromuscular factor affecting motor function and independence in patients with Parkinson's disease; and it is commonly targeted using high-speed exercise. This study examined the changes in velocities (Vpp) and percent loads (%1RMpp) at peak power, as well as load-velocity (L-V) and load-power (L-P) relationships, resulting from resistance training due to exercise choice and loading in older Parkinson's patients. Fourteen older adults with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease participated in a 12-week randomized controlled power training trial...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893478/loads-and-movement-speeds-dictate-differences-in-power-output-during-circuit-training
#17
Kirk B Roberson, Sean Chowdhari, Morgan White, Joseph F Signorile
Power training has become a common exercise intervention for improving muscle strength, power, and physical function, while reducing injury risk. Few studies, however, have evaluated acute load changes on power output during traditional resistance-training protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study was to quantify the effects of different loading patterns on power output during a single session of circuit resistance training (CRT). Nine males (age=19.4±0.9 y) and eleven females (age=20.6±1.6 y) completed three CRT protocols during separate testing sessions using seven pneumatic exercises...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893474/hypertrophy-and-explosive-reactive-functioning-in-sedentary-men-following-10-weeks-of-whole-body-vibration
#18
Jens Ebing, Ulf Gast, Christoph Hauptmann, Dieter Felsenberg, Daniel L Belavý
The objective of this study was to determine the impact of vertical (Power-plate; POW) and side-alternating (Galileo; GAL) whole-body vibration exercise on muscle mass and lower-limb neuromuscular function. Forty-three sedentary male subjects (18-30yr) randomized into three groups underwent two upper-body exercise sessions per week for 10 weeks. Two groups of subjects underwent additional squat exercises on the GAL (N=15) or POW (N=14) devices. The third group was control. On magnetic resonance imaging, volume of the thigh muscles was measured...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893064/effect-of-increased-enteral-protein-intake-on-growth-in-human-milk-fed-preterm-infants-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Christoph Maas, Michaela Mathes, Christine Bleeker, Julia Vek, Wolfgang Bernhard, Cornelia Wiechers, Andreas Peter, Christian F Poets, Axel R Franz
Importance: Protein, supplied in currently available commercial fortifiers, may be inadequate to meet the requirements of very preterm infants; in addition, intraindividual and interindividual variability of human milk protein and energy content potentially contribute to unsatisfactory early postnatal growth. Objective: To determine effects on growth of different levels of enteral protein supplementation in predominantly human milk-fed preterm infants. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized clinical and partially blinded single-center trial was conducted in a neonatal tertiary referral center in Germany...
November 21, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892859/the-identification-of-potential-behavioural-indicators-of-pain-in-periparturient-sows
#20
Sarah H Ison, Susan Jarvis, Kenneth M D Rutherford
Periparturient pain is a welfare concern and could contribute to piglet losses. This has led to studies investigating post-farrowing analgesia. A clear reduction in pain has not been demonstrated, partly due to a lack of pain indicators. This study quantified behaviours as potential pain indicators (PPIn) in sows: i) before, during and after farrowing, and ii) 2min before and after piglet births. Twenty-five sows were observed during and after, and ten pre-farrowing. Behaviour recorded included: 1) back leg forward (back leg pulled forward and/or in); 2) tremble (movement as if shivering); 3) back arch (leg(s) stretch forming an arched back); 4) paw (leg scraped in pawing motion); and 5) tail flick (tail moved rapidly up and down)...
October 6, 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
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