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Hard collar

Mueez Waqar, Dmitri Van-Popta, Damiano G Barone, Zaid Sarsam
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this systematic review was to compare the halo and hard collar in the management of adult odontoid fractures. METHODS: Systematic and independent searches on MEDLINE (PubMed) and the Cochrane database. INCLUSION CRITERIA: (1) clinical outcomes, (2) in adults (≥18), (3) with odontoid fractures, (4) immobilised using a halo or hard collar, (5) in multiple (>5) patients. Treatment failure rates were calculated as the proportion requiring operative intervention...
October 15, 2016: World Neurosurgery
E O Uche, O E Nwankwo, E Okorie, A Muobike
BACKGROUND: Treatment of cervical spine injury is the most challenging of all the injuries of the spine, and there is yet no agreement on the best method of care. OBJECTIVE: We studied the complications and outcome of two skull traction devices used to treat cases of cervical spine injury in three centers in Enugu, South East Nigeria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients with cervical spine injury managed with skull traction as the definitive treatment using either Crutchfield or Gardner-Wells tongs over a 5-year period (April 2008-March 2013)...
September 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Vikram V Holla, Sanjeev Kumar, Rakesh Shukla
Hirayama disease (HD) is a rare disease commonly seen in India and Japan typically presenting in adolescent age group with male predominance and asymmetrical distal pure motor, lower-motor neuron-type weakness. We report a patient of HD who had significant involvement of proximal periscapular muscles along with typical distal involvement. The patient also had scapular winging, which is rare in HD. He was treated conservatively with physiotherapy and hard cervical collar and is presently under follow-up during the static phase of disease...
March 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
I M Garcia, V C B Leitune, T L Kist, A Takimi, S M W Samuel, F M Collares
Nanoparticles used in adhesive resins are prone to agglomeration, turning the material susceptible to physical failure. Quantum dots are nonagglomerated inorganic nanoparticles (1 to 10 nm) when in equilibrium. The aim of the present study was to synthesize and characterize zinc oxide quantum dots (ZnOQDs) and to develop and evaluate an adhesive resin with the addition of ZnOQDs ZnOQDs were formulated by self-organization in chemical reaction with isopropanol and added to 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA)...
June 28, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
Daniel Mascarenhas, David Dreizin, Uttam K Bodanapally, Deborah M Stein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our blinded retrospective study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the Subaxial Cervical Spine Injury Classification (SLIC) System in predicting the need for surgical intervention after subaxial cervical spine injury; SLIC scores were determined using CT alone or both CT and MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were included if they had injuries that were subaxial (C3-C7), if they had undergone CT and MRI within 48 hours of admission, if they were either treated surgically or had sufficient clinical documentation describing nonsurgical management (halo device or hard collar), and if the SLIC neurologic score could be determined from a documented neurologic examination...
June 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Sourabh Bhutani, Rohit Verma, Dipak Kumar Ghosh
CPR in a diving bell is difficult. It is taught by diving companies and training institutes but has not been subjected to the tenets of evidence based medicine. The diving bell lacks space as well as a flat hard surface to lay the patient on and therefore conventional methods of administering CPR are not possible. The diver is hung from a pulley tied to the diver's harness, and the bell flooded with water to reduce pooling of blood. Airway is established using a cervical collar to hyperextend the neck and inserting an appropriate oropharyngeal airway...
September 2015: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Aline Segatto Pires Altmann, Fabrício Mezzomo Collares, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Rodrigo Alex Arthur, Antonio Shigueaki Takimi, Susana Maria Werner Samuel
OBJECTIVES: White spot lesions are still a concern for orthodontic patients. The objective of this study was to assess the remineralizing and antibacterial effect of a newly developed orthodontic adhesive. METHODS: The compounds 1,3,5-tryacryloylhexahydro-1,3,5-triazine (TAT) and phosphate invert glass containing 10 mol% of niobium pentoxide (PIG-Nb) were added at 20 and 5 wt%, respectively, to an experimental adhesive (75 wt% BisGMA, 25 wt% TEGDMA, 5 wt% fummed silica, and photo-initiator system), called TPN...
February 19, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
André El Saman, Helmut Laurer, Bernd Maier, Hendrik Wyen, Martin Mack, Ingo Marzi
Treatment of polytrauma patients has been discussed extensively during the past decades. Management in the prehospital phase, on admission, and in the early postoperative/ICU-period has to refer to injury severity, priority of injuries, and likelihood of development of multi organ failure. Cervical spine injuries are reported in 4-34% of polytrauma cases. Securing the cervical spine by a hard collar is one of the basic procedures in the prehospital phase. Different strategies of assessing the cervical spine are still discussed controversially...
October 2007: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Vincenzo Iorio-Siciliano, Gaetano Marenzi, Andrea Blasi, Jolanda Mignogna, Carlo Cafiero, Hom-Lay Wang, Gilberto Sammartino
PURPOSE: The aim of this case series study was to evaluate clinical and radiographic changes of soft and hard tissues around tapered, platform-switched, laser-microtextured implants 24 months after crown placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty tapered, platform-switched, laser-microtextured collar implants were placed in 20 patients. Full-mouth plaque score, full-mouth bleeding score, probing depth, and mucosal recession were recorded at the time of crown cementation and after 24 months follow-up...
January 2016: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
Andrea Prodi, Francesca Rui, Anna Belloni Fortina, Maria Teresa Corradin, Francesca Larese Filon
BACKGROUND: Formaldehyde is a widely used organic compound, used in several applications (hard thermoset resins, adhesives, disinfectants, tissue fixatives, etc), in its free form or released by formaldehyde releaser products. Its use is under control due to its toxic, carcinogenic, and allergenic properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of formaldehyde sensitization, time trend, and correlation to occupations. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional study on a population of 23,774 patients tested from 1996 to 2012 in Northeastern Italy...
January 2016: Dermatitis
Christian Klug, Günter Schweigert, Dirk Fuchs, Isabelle Kruta, Helmut Tischlinger
Although the calcitic hard parts of belemnites (extinct Coleoidea) are very abundant fossils, their soft parts are hardly known and their mode of life is debated. New fossils of the Jurassic belemnitid Acanthoteuthis provided supplementary anatomical data on the fins, nuchal cartilage, collar complex, statoliths, hyponome and radula. These data yielded evidence of their pelagic habitat, their nektonic habit and high swimming velocities. The new morphological characters were included in a cladistic analysis, which confirms the position of the Belemnitida in the stem of Decabrachia (Decapodiformes)...
January 2016: Biology Letters
Mihai Dorin Vartolomei, Ovidiu Simion Cotoi, Mihail Alexandru Badea, Calin Bogdan Chibelean, Titiana Cotoi, Violeta Morariu, Cosmin Albu, Silviu Horia Morariu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
F J Pérez-Barbería, M Small, R J Hooper, A Aldezabal, R Soriguer-Escofet, G S Bakken, I J Gordon
Understanding animal movement behaviour is key to furthering our knowledge on intra- and inter-specific competition, group cohesion, energy expenditure, habitat use, the spread of zoonotic diseases or species management. We used a radial basis function surface approximation subject to minimum description length constraint to uncover the state-space dynamical systems from time series data. This approximation allowed us to infer structure from a mathematical model of the movement behaviour of sheep and red deer, and the effect of density, thermal stress and vegetation type...
2015: PloS One
Stéfani Becker Rodrigues, Fabrício Mezzomo Collares, Vicente Castelo Branco Leitune, Luis Felipe Jochims Schneider, Fabrício Aulo Ogliari, Cesar Liberato Petzhold, Susana Maria Werner Samuel
OBJECTIVE: to determine the physicochemical properties of experimental adhesive resins containing hydroxyethyl acrylamide. METHODS: Three groups of experimental resin were formulated, GHEAA33% (33.3wt% HEAA+66.6wt% BisGMA), GHEAA50% (50wt% HEAA+50wt% BisGMA), and GHEAA-FREE (33.3wt% HEMA+66.6wt% of BisGMA). The polymerization process of each adhesive resin group, as well as for the homopolymers, BisGMA, HEMA, HEAA, HEMA* without EDAB, and HEAA* without EDAB, was characterized through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)...
December 2015: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Kate Dorney, Amir Kimia, Megan Hannon, Kara Hennelly, William P Meehan, Mark Proctor, David P Mooney, Michael Glotzbecker, Rebekah Mannix
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence to guide management of pediatric patients with persistent cervical spine tenderness after trauma but with negative initial imaging study findings. Our objective was to determine the prevalence of clinically significant cervical spine injury among pediatric blunt trauma patients discharged from the emergency department with negative imaging study findings but persistent midline cervical spine tenderness. METHODS: We performed a single-center, retrospective study of subjects 1 year to 15 years of age discharged in a rigid cervical spine collar after blunt trauma over a 5-year period...
November 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Chung-Chi Huang, Hsiao-Man Liu, Chung-Lin Huang
Physical fitness and health of white collar business person is getting worse and worse in recent years. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a system which can enhance physical fitness and health for people. Although the exercise prescription can be generated after diagnosing for customized physical fitness and healthcare. It is hard to meet individual execution needs for general scheduling of physical fitness and healthcare system. So the main purpose of this research is to develop an intelligent scheduling of execution for customized physical fitness and healthcare system...
2015: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Tivon-Fisher Orly, Sot Ido, Fisher Menahem
Pregnant women, when employed in physically demanding occupations, may encounter difficulties in carrying out their work throughout pregnancy. Many such "blue collar" workers are unable to proceed in strenuous work during advanced stages of pregnancy. However, scientific evidence is not sufficient to support the widely accepted assumption of health risks due to the hard work during pregnancy. Therefore, in Israel, as long as pregnancy is normal, and the good health of both the mother and fetus is maintained, such workers are not entitled to sick leave or any other form of compensation...
July 2015: Harefuah
Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Mark F Kurd, Jonathan T Paul, Robyn N Rubenstein, James S Harrop, Darrel S Brodke, Jens R Chapman, Alexander R Vaccaro
BACKGROUND: Odontoid fractures are the most common cervical spine fracture in the geriatric population; however, the treatment of type II odontoid fractures in this age group is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the short-term (<3 months) mortality, long-term (≥12 months) mortality, and complication rates of patients >60 years of age with a type II odontoid fracture managed either operatively or nonoperatively. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of literature published between January 1, 2000, and February 1, 2015, related to the treatment of type II odontoid fractures in patients >60 years of age...
October 2015: Neurosurgery
Berje Shammassian, Christina Huang Wright, James Wright, Onwuzulike, Krystal L Tomei
Upper cervical synchondrosis fractures are the most common types of cervical fractures in the pediatric population less than 7 years of age (Blauth et al (Eur Spine J 5:63-70, 1996); Connolly et al (Pediatr Radiol 25(Suppl1):S129-133, 1995); Mandabach et al (Pediatr Neurosurg 19(5):225-232, 1993); Schippers et al (Acta Neurochir 138:524-530, 1990)) The vast majority occur through the dentocentral or basilar synchondrosis. We present the second reported case in recent literature of a unilateral neurosynchondrosis fracture...
January 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mahmood Bahramizadeh, Mokhtar Arazpour, Reza Fadayevatan, Farzam Farahmand, Sarah Curran, Stephen W Hutchins
BACKGROUND: Foot orthoses are used to optimize lower extremity function and can improve postural stability by enhancing the afferent somatosensory feedback available to the central nervous system. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to evaluate the effect of foot orthoses on balance control in older subjects. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: The search strategy was based on the Population Intervention Comparison Outcome method...
April 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
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