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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364180/combined-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-and-giant-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report
#1
Tomohito Saito, Koji Tsuta, Kento J Fukumoto, Hiroshi Matsui, Toshifumi Konobu, Yoshitaro Torii, Takashi Yokoi, Takayasu Kurata, Hiroaki Kurokawa, Yoshiko Uemura, Yukihito Saito, Tomohiro Murakawa
BACKGROUND: Combined small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) is defined as SCLC combined with elements of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), accounting for approximately 30% of cases of SCLC. However, combined SCLC and giant cell carcinoma (GC) is very rare. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman with a 45 pack-year smoking history was referred to our hospital for further investigation of an abnormal left hilar shadow. Chest computed tomography (CT) revealed a 28-mm solid pulmonary nodule in the left lower lobe and an enlarged left hilar lymph node adjacent to the left main pulmonary artery...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333543/corrosive-induced-carcinoma-of-esophagus-esophagographic-and-ct-findings
#2
Seung Yeon Noh, Hyun Jin Kim, Hyun Joo Lee, Seong Ho Park, Jong Seok Lee, Ah Young Kim, Hyun Kwon Ha
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the esophagographic and CT findings of corrosive esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of all patients who presented with corrosive esophageal strictures at one institution between June 1989 and April 2015 were retrospectively identified. The search yielded the records of 15 patients with histopathologically proven esophageal cancer. Esophagograms (13 patients) and chest CT images (14 patients) were interpreted independently by two reviewers...
March 23, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314970/-is-surgical-treatment-ever-indicated-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-and-if-so-based-on-which-scientific-rationale
#3
M Burger
BACKGROUND: Metastasis is a common event in renal cell carcinoma. Surgical resection of metastases may be feasible in two scenarios: aiming at palliation, which may be feasible due to reduced radiosensitivity of renal cell cancer, and aiming at prolonging survival, which may be feasible given the rather good prognosis of some patterns of metastasis. OBJECTIVE: This review intends to reflect on current evidence for surgical resection of metastases in both scenarios...
March 17, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314252/clinical-target-volume-in-biliary-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-pathological-studies
#4
REVIEW
Ilaria Marinelli, Alessandra Guido, Lorenzo Fuccio, Andrea Farioli, Valeria Panni, Lucia Giaccherini, Alessandra Arcelli, Giorgio Ercolani, Giovanni Brandi, Silvia Cammelli, Andrea Galuppi, Gabriella Macchia, Rezarta Frakulli, Gian C Mattiucci, Francesco Cellini, Milly Buwenge, Matteo Renzulli, Francesco Deodato, Savino Cilla, Vincenzo Valentini, Vincenzo Tombolini, Rita Golfieri, Alessio G Morganti
BACKGROUND/AIM: Radiotherapy is a treatment option for both adjuvant and neo-adjuvant settings for biliary tract cancer. Guidelines on the delineation of the target volume of lymph nodes are lacking; only generic indications are available, without specific recommendations for different primary tumour locations (e.g. intrahepatic, extrahepatic biliary tract or gallbladder cancer). The aim of this study was to systematically review available literature to provide recommendations on lymph node target volume delineation in patients with unresectable biliary tumour...
March 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302003/liver-transplant-for-nonhepatocellular-carcinoma-malignancy
#5
Nihan Haberal Reyhan
Liver transplant is now an acceptable and effective treatment for specific nonhepatocellular malignancies. Worldwide, hilar cholangiocarcinoma accounts for 3% of all primary gastrointestinal malignancies and for 10% of primary hepatobiliary malignancies. For patients who have early-stage, unresectable cholangiocarcinoma, liver transplant preceded by neoadjuvant radiotherapy can result in tumor-free margins, accomplish a radical resection, and treat the underlying primary sclerosing cholangitis when present...
March 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296764/case-report-of-primary-renal-pelvis-squamous-cell-carcinoma-coexisting-with-long-standing-calculi-in-left-kidney-on-18f-fdg-pet-ct
#6
Shengming Deng, Bin Zhang, Ying Huang, Jihui Li, Shibiao Sang, Wei Zhang
RATIONALE: Primary renal pelvis squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is an extremely rare neoplasm. In many patients, the SCC was associated with renal calculi. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 61-year-old male presented with intermittent pain at the left lumbar region for 3 days. The PET/CT images demonstrated increased F-FDG uptake in the upper pole of the left kidney and left renal hilar lymph nodes. DIAGNOSES: Pathologic examination revealed well-moderately differentiated renal pelvis SCC with lymphatic metastasis...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250863/primary-pulmonary-lymphoepithelioma-like-carcinoma-on-fdg-pet-ct
#7
Gul Ege Aktas, Nuray Can, Selin Soyluoglu Demir, Ali Sarıkaya
A 69-year-old male smoker was referred to (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) with the indication of a suspicious solitary pulmonary nodule. FDG PET/CT determined a 2.5 × 2-cm soft-tissue lesion (SUVmax, 16.2) with spiculated margins in the hilum of the right lung. A 1-cm diameter lymphadenopathy on the right hilum with an SUVmax of 3.2 was also determined. Transbronchial biopsy of the right hilar lymphadenopathy did not reveal any malignant features in histopathologic examination, and it was determined to be reactive...
March 2017: Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241370/evolution-of-laparoscopic-liver-surgery-as-standard-procedure-for-hcc-in-cirrhosis
#8
Daniel Seehofer, Robert Sucher, Moritz Schmelzle, Robert Öllinger, Andri Lederer, Timm Denecke, Eckart Schott, Johann Pratschke
Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in cirrhosis have an increased risk for postoperative complications including liver failure. However, there is some evidence that the use of laparoscopy markedly decreases this risk. Patients Between 2010 - 2015, a total of 21 laparoscopic liver resections were performed for HCC in Child-A cirrhosis at our center. Mean MELD score was 9 (6 - 12), and the mean LiMAx was 261 µg/h/kg (101 - 489). All resections were performed by conventional laparoscopy using 4 - 6 trocars...
February 27, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197727/perioperative-morbidity-oncological-outcomes-and-predictors-of-pt3a-upstaging-for-patients-undergoing-partial-nephrectomy-for-ct1-tumors
#9
Pascal Mouracade, Onder Kara, Julien Dagenais, M J Maurice, R J Nelson, Ercan Malkoc, J H Kaouk
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perioperative morbidity, oncological outcome and predictors of pT3a upstaging after partial nephrectomy (PN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of 1042 patients who underwent PN for cT1N0M0 renal cell carcinoma between 2007 and 2015. A total of 113 cT1 patients were upstaged to pT3a, while 929 were staged as pT1. Demographic, perioperative and pathological variables were reviewed. We compared the clinico-pathological characteristics, perioperative morbidity and oncological outcomes between pT3a and pT1 groups...
February 14, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185421/fine-needle-aspiration-findings-of-xp11-translocation-renal-cell-carcinoma-metastatic-to-a-hilar-lymph-node
#10
Reima El Naili, Marlo Nicolas, Amanda Gorena, Maria Luisa C Policarpio-Nicolas
Xp11 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is a specific type of renal cell carcinoma recently placed under the "MiT family translocation RCC" at the last 2013 ISUP Vancouver classification of renal neoplasia. This tumor contains variable proportions of clear cells and could easily mimic papillary RCC, clear cell type, and clear cell papillary RCC. Given the small number of published cytologic findings of this tumor, it could easily present as a diagnostic pitfall. We describe a case of a 23-year-old man with a history of prior nephrectomy who presented with multiple mediastinal lymphadenopathies on imaging surveillance follow-up...
February 10, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133059/-a-case-of-recurrent-esophageal-cancer-treated-with-salvage-lymphadenectomy-after-definitive-chemoradiotherapy
#11
Kazuki Kano, Tsutomu Sato, Yukio Maezawa, Kenki Segami, Tetsushi Nakajima, Kousuke Ikeda, Tsutomu Hayashi, Takanobu Yamada, Naoto Yamamoto, Takashi Oshima, Norio Yukawa, Yasushi Rino, Munetaka Masuda, Takashi Ogata, Haruhiko Cho, Takaki Yoshikawa
A 74-year-old man admitted with dysphagia was found to have advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, clinical stage IV (T4N2M0). We initiated definitive chemoradiotherapy(dCRT)with combined 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin chemotherapy( FP therapy)and 50.4 Gy irradiation, followed by boost FP therapy, to which the patient showed confirmed complete response(CR). Local recurrence was detected in the scar of the primary lesion at 4 months after the boost FP therapy. Photodynamic therapy(PDT)for this lesion resulted in CR...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130707/topography-of-the-sentinel-node-according-to-the-affected-lobe-in-lung-cancer
#12
J M Galbis-Caravajal, A Lafuente-Sanchis, M Estors-Guerrero, N Martinez-Hernández, C Fuster-Diana, A Cremades, Á Zúñiga
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to describe the anatomic location of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) of patients with lung carcinoma and to analyze its relationship with the characteristics of the tumor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 98 Stage I lung cancer patients were included in the study. SLN was marked just after performing the thoracotomy by injecting peritumorally 0.25 mCi of nanocolloid of albumin (Nanocol1) labeled with Tc-99 m in 0.3 ml, and later, it was resected...
January 27, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104994/cutting-balloon-treatment-of-anastomotic-biliary-stenosis-after-liver-transplantation-report-of-two-cases
#13
Fan Ding, Hui Tang, Chi Xu, Zai-Bo Jiang, Shu-Hong Yi, Hua Li, Nan Jiang, Wen-Jie Chen, Qing Yang, Yang Yang, Gui-Hua Chen
Biliary stenosis is a common complication after liver transplantation, and has an incidence rate ranging from 4.7% to 12.5% based on our previous study. Three types of biliary stenosis (anastomotic stenosis, non-anastomotic peripheral stenosis and non-anastomotic central hilar stenosis) have been identified. We report the outcome of two patients with anastomotic stricture after liver transplantation who underwent successful cutting balloon treatment. Case 1 was a 40-year-old male transplanted due to subacute fulminant hepatitis C...
January 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104035/-application-value-of-laparoscopic-radiofrequency-ablation-for-specific-location-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
H D Shi, X J Shi, H X Ma, Y R Liang, L Zhou, Y Shi
Objective: To investigate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of laparoscopic radiofrequency ablation (LRFA) for specific-location hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: To retrospectively analyze 496 patients with specific-location hepatocellular carcinoma treated with LRFA from January 2010 to January 2015 in our hospital. There was a total of 652 hepatic lesions with a mean diameter of (2.8±1.3) cm including 397 cases with single lesion and 99 cases with multiple lesions. The hepatic lesions were adjacent to major hepatic vessels, hepatic hilar region, diaphragmatic dome, gallbladder, or gastrointestinal tract and on the surface of the liver, respectively...
January 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103449/anatomical-templates-of-lymph-node-dissection-for-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Riccardo Campi, Andrea Minervini, Andrea Mari, Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, Francesco Sessa, Albero Lapini, Maurizio Sessa, Jurgen Erich Gschwend, Sergio Serni, Marco Roscigno, Marco Carini
Indications and techniques of lymph node dissection (LND) for upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) are still controversial. Areas covered: In this study, a systematic review of the English-language literature was performed up to 1 July 2016 using the Medline, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Sciences databases to provide a detailed overview of the most commonly dissected surgical templates of LND for UTUC according to laterality and location of the tumor. Overall, sixteen studies were analyzed. Based on the shared experiences in the scientific literature, the LND template typically included: for right-sided tumors of the renal pelvis, upper third and middle third of the ureter, the renal hilar, paracaval, precaval and retrocaval nodes, while for left-sided tumors the renal hilar, paraaortic and preaortic nodes...
March 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999702/serous-cystadenocarcinoma-arising-in-presumed-vitelline-duct-remnant-a-case-report-and-implications-in-the-management-of-cancer-of-unknown-primary
#16
Li Lei, Jeremy K Deisch
Background. Malignant neoplasms arising in Meckel's diverticulum, a vitelline duct remnant, are rare yet well-documented. Case Presentation. A 53-year-old previously healthy female presented with an enlarging midline abdominal wall mass. A computed tomography scan revealed a mass involving the linea alba, bilateral rectus abdominis, and subcutaneous fat. Extensive clinical workup failed to demonstrate other lesions, except local and paratracheal/hilar lymphadenopathy. Histopathologic examination of the resected tumor demonstrated a spectrum of serous neoplasia including serous cystadenoma, papillary serous carcinoma with numerous Psammoma bodies, and a poorly differentiated component...
2016: Case Reports in Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904130/solitary-metastasis-to-a-distant-lymph-node-in-the-descending-mesocolon-after-primary-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-is-surgical-resection-valid
#17
Yuki Aisu, Hiroaki Furuyama, Tomohide Hori, Takafumi Machimoto, Toshiyuki Hata, Yoshio Kadokawa, Shigeru Kato, Yasuhisa Ando, Yuichiro Uchida, Daiki Yasukawa, Yusuke Kimura, Maho Sasaki, Yuichiro Takamatsu, Tunehiro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND Lymph node metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma is rare, and lymph nodes located on hepatic hilar and hepatoduodenal ligaments are primary targets. Metastasis to a mesocolic lymph node has not been reported previously. CASE REPORT A 65-year-old woman with liver cirrhosis underwent primary resection of hepatocellular carcinoma. Two and a half years later, tumor marker levels increased remarkably and imaging revealed a mesocolic mass. The tumor measured 27 mm in diameter and showed characteristic findings consistent with hepatocellular carcinoma in dynamic computed tomographic images, although the tumor was negative in fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomographic images...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896577/modified-laparoscopic-simple-enucleation-with-single-layer-suture-technique-versus-standard-laparoscopic-partial-nephrectomy-for-treating-localized-renal-cell-carcinoma
#18
Qun Lu, Xiaozhi Zhao, Changwei Ji, Suhan Guo, Guangxiang Liu, Shiwei Zhang, Xiaogong Li, Weidong Gan, Hongqian Guo
OBJECTIVES: To compare modified laparoscopic simple enucleation (MLSE) and standard laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (SLPN) for treating localized renal cell carcinoma in our large institutional experience. METHODS: We evaluated 385 consecutive patients who underwent MLSE or SLPN for renal tumors in our institution from January 2013 to December 2015 in terms of perioperative pathological and oncologic outcome variables. During MLSE, the single-layer suture technique was performed for renal reconstruction...
November 28, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893684/ct-findings-of-small-cell-lung-carcinoma-can-recognizable-features-be-found
#19
Dongjun Lee, Ji Young Rho, Seunghun Kang, Koun Joy Yoo, Hye Jeong Choi
The purpose of this study was to clarify the recognizable computed tomography (CT) features of small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC).Contrast enhanced CT scans were reviewed retrospectively for mass location, mediastinal extension, and other concomitant findings in 142 patients with pathologically proven SCLC. SCLC was classified into hilar mass only (type I), hilar mass with ipsilateral mediastinal extension (type II), hilar mass with bilateral mediastinal extension (type III), and peripheral mass (type IV). When mediastinal lymphadenopathy (m-LAP) was indistinguishable from a hilar mass, we defined it as a mediastinal conglomerate mass (m-CM)...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842605/a-case-of-neuroendocrine-carcinoma-in-the-hepatic-hilar-lymph-nodes-concomitant-with-an-adenocarcinoma-of-the-gallbladder
#20
Haruka Okada, Yoichiro Uchida, Naomi Matsuzaki, Toru Goto, Satoshi Nishimura, Akira Kurita, Takafumi Nishimura, Shujiro Yazumi, Hiroaki Terajima
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are rare especially in the gallbladder. They have not been elucidated in the pathogenesis, clinicopathological characteristics, and treatment options. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 76-year-old woman with a gallbladder tumor and hepatic hilar lymph node swelling. The lymph node biopsy demonstrated neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC). We performed cholecystectomy, hepatic hilar lymphadenectomy, extrahepatic biliary duct resection, and hepaticojejunostomy prior to chemotherapy...
November 14, 2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
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