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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149308/paternity-analysis-of-wood-turtles-glyptemys-insculpta-reveals-complex-mating-patterns
#1
Cindy Bouchard, Nathalie Tessier, François-Joseph Lapointe
Mating system characteristics are of great importance as they may influence male and female reproductive success and reproductive isolation. The wood turtle (Glyptemys insculpta) is a terrestrial freshwater species listed as endangered by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Considering its conservation status and the paucity of information currently available on parentage relationship for the species, we performed a microsatellite analysis to study the mating system of wood turtles in the Shawinigan River (Québec)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Heredity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149255/conjoint-associations-of-gestational-diabetes-and-hypertension-with-diabetes-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-parents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Romina Pace, Anne-Sophie Brazeau, Sara Meltzer, Elham Rahme, Kaberi Dasgupta
The conjoint association of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and gestational hypertension (GH) with cardiometabolic disease has not been well studied. We evaluated a combined GDM/GH risk indicator in both mothers and fathers because of shared spousal behaviors and environments. In the present population-based retrospective cohort study, GH was identified in matched pairs of mothers with GDM or without GDM (matched on age group, health region, and year of delivery) who had singleton live births in Quebec, Canada (1990-2007)...
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149070/placement-stability-cumulative-time-in-care-and-permanency-using-administrative-data-from-cps-to-track-placement-trajectories
#3
Sonia Hélie, Marie-Andrée Poirier, Tonino Esposito, Daniel Turcotte
Objectives: The Quebec Youth Protection Act was amended in 2007. The main goal of this reform was to improve placement stability for children who are removed from their home for their protection. Among several legal provisions introduced was the establishment of maximum age-specific durations of out-of-home care, after which a plan must be established to provide stability for children placed in substitute care by finding permanent homes for them. The purpose of this study is (1) to examine trends in placement use and placement stability since the reform and (2) to document the current frequency of each type of placement setting, the cumulative time in care before the exit to permanency, and the sustainability of the permanency outcome...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146008/heat-and-pregnancy-related-emergencies-risk-of-placental-abruption-during-hot-weather
#4
Siyi He, Tom Kosatsky, Audrey Smargiassi, Marianne Bilodeau-Bertrand, Nathalie Auger
INTRODUCTION: Outdoor heat increases the risk of preterm birth and stillbirth, but the association with placental abruption has not been studied. Placental abruption is a medical emergency associated with major morbidity and mortality in pregnancy. We determined the relationship between ambient temperature and risk of placental abruption in warm seasons. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed a case-crossover analysis of 17,172 women whose pregnancies were complicated by placental abruption in Quebec, Canada from May to October 1989-2012...
November 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145996/-comparative-profile-of-the-use-of-filter-needles-in-quebec-and-france-in-healthcare-facility
#5
L Painchart, P Odou, J-F Bussières
OBJECTIVES: The manipulation of drugs from glass ampules can generate particles when the ampule is broken. Several authors recommend the use of filter needle to withdraw the drug content. The main objective is to establish an inventory of the use of filter needles and the perception of pharmacists in Quebec and in France. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study. A questionnaire was sent to all health facilities in Quebec (n=30) and a selection of hospitals in France (n=100)...
November 13, 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145891/the-inuit-gut-microbiome-is-dynamic-over-time-and-shaped-by-traditional-foods
#6
Geneviève Dubois, Catherine Girard, François-Joseph Lapointe, B Jesse Shapiro
BACKGROUND: The human gut microbiome represents a diverse microbial community that varies across individuals and populations, and is influenced by factors such as host genetics and lifestyle. Diet is a major force shaping the gut microbiome, and the effects of dietary choices on microbiome composition are well documented. However, it remains poorly known how natural temporal variation in diet can affect the microbiome. The traditional Inuit diet is primarily based on animal products, which are thought to vary seasonally according to prey availability...
November 16, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145873/group-physiotherapy-compared-to-individual-physiotherapy-to-treat-urinary-incontinence-in-aging-women-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Chantale Dumoulin, Mélanie Morin, Marie-Hélène Mayrand, Michel Tousignant, Michal Abrahamowicz
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI), one of the most prevalent health concerns confronting women aged over 60 years, affects up to 55% of older community-dwelling women-20-25% with severe symptoms. Clinical practice guidelines recommend individualized pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) as a first-line treatment for stress or mixed UI in women, although lack of human and financial resources limits delivery of this first-line treatment. Preliminary data suggest that group-based treatments may provide the answer...
November 16, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144162/association-between-metformin-adherence-and-all-cause-mortality-among-new-users-of-metformin-a-nested-case-control-study
#8
Patrice Simard, Nancy Presse, Louise Roy, Marc Dorais, Brian White-Guay, Agnès Räkel, Sylvie Perreault
BACKGROUND: Metformin presents better survival rates than other oral antidiabetics in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, these benefits may be dampened by inadequate treatment adherence. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the relationship between adherence level to metformin therapy and all-cause mortality over 10 years in incident metformin users. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted using a large cohort of beneficiaries of the Quebec public drug insurance plan, aged 45 to 85 years, who initiated metformin between 2000 and 2009...
November 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143444/the-subversion-of-mill-and-the-ultimate-aim-of-nursing
#9
Paul C Snelling
This is lightly edited and referenced version of a presentation given at the 20th International Philosophy of Nursing conference in Quebec on 23rd August 2016. Philosophical texts are not given the same prominence in nurse education as their more valued younger sibling, primary research evidence, but they can influence practice through guidelines, codes and espoused values. John Stuart Mill's harm principle, found in On Liberty, is not a universal law, and only a thoroughgoing libertarian would defend it as such, though it, or its remnants, can be seen can be seen in policy documents...
November 15, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141611/are-paraspinous-intramuscular-injections-of-botulinum-toxin-a-bont-a-efficient-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-low-back-pain-a-randomised-double-blinded-crossover-trial
#10
Mélanie Cogné, Hervé Petit, Alexandre Creuzé, Dominique Liguoro, Mathieu de Seze
BACKGROUND: Treatment for patients with chronic low-back pain (LBP) is a public health issue. Intramuscular injections of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) have shown an analgesic effect on LBP in two previous randomized controlled studies. The objective of the study was to verify the efficacy of paravertebral injections of BoNT-A in patients with LBP. METHODS: Patients were included in this phase 3 randomized double-blinded trial comparing the efficacy of BoNT-A versus placebo in a crossover study on LBP...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138486/the-impact-of-a-specialized-spinal-cord-injury-center-as-compared-with-non-specialized-centers-on-the-acute-respiratory-management-of-patients-with-complete-tetraplegia-an-observational-study
#11
Andréane Richard-Denis, Debbie Feldman, Cynthia Thompson, Martin Albert, Jean-Marc Mac-Thiong
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVES: To compare the proportion of tracheostomy placement and duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) in patients with a complete cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) that were managed early or lately in a specialized acute SCI-center. The second objective was to determine the impact of the timing of admission to the SCI-center on the MV support duration. SETTING: A single Level-1 trauma center specialized in SCI care in Quebec (Canada)...
November 15, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137632/descriptive-study-of-interprofessional-collaboration-between-physicians-and-osteopaths-for-the-pediatric-population-in-quebec-canada
#12
Chantal Morin, Johanne Desrosiers, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: Osteopathy is an increasingly popular healthcare approach that uses a wide variety of therapeutic manual techniques to address pain and somatic dysfunction. In Quebec, Canada, osteopathy is the complementary medicine most often recommended by family physicians. However, factors fostering the development of interprofessional collaboration (IPC) between physicians and osteopaths are unknown. This study aimed to describe the current situation in terms of IPC among practitioners working with pediatric patients...
November 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136360/investigating-socioeconomic-position-in-dental-caries-and-traumatic-dental-injury-among-children-in-quebec
#13
P Da Rosa, Marie-Claude Rousseau, A Edasseri, M Henderson, B Nicolau
OBJECTIVES: Socioeconomic position (SEP) is inversely associated with most oral health outcomes, but the patterns of association may vary depending on the specific outcome. We estimated associations between SEP and two oral health outcomes, dental caries and traumatic dental injuries (TDI), in Quebec children. METHODS: We used data from the baseline visit of the QUALITY (QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle Investigation in Youth) Cohort, an ongoing study in Montreal and Quebec, Canada...
November 10, 2017: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134396/comparing-perceived-adequacy-of-help-received-among-different-classes-of-individuals-with-severe-mental-disorders-at-five-year-follow-up-a-longitudinal-cluster-analysis
#14
Marie-Josée Fleury, Guy Grenier, Jean-Marie Bamvita
This study developed a typology describing change in the perceived adequacy of help received among 204 individuals with severe mental disorders, 5 years after transfer to the community following a major mental health reform in Quebec (Canada). Participant typologies were constructed using a two-step cluster analysis. There were significant differences between T0 and T2 for perceived adequacy of help received and other independent variables, including seriousness of needs, help from services or relatives, and care continuity...
November 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133281/should-medical-assistance-in-dying-be-extended-to-incompetent-patients-with-dementia-research-protocol-of-a-survey-among-four-groups-of-stakeholders-from-quebec-canada
#15
Gina Bravo, Claudie Rodrigue, Vincent Thériault, Marcel Arcand, Jocelyn Downie, Marie-France Dubois, Sharon Kaasalainen, Cees M Hertogh, Sophie Pautex, Lieve Van den Block
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease and related disorders affect a growing number of people worldwide. Quality of life is generally good in the early stages of these diseases. However, many individuals fear living through the advanced stages. Such fears are triggering requests for medical assistance in dying (MAiD) by patients with dementia. Legislation was recently passed in Canada and the province of Quebec allowing MAiD at the explicit request of a patient who meets a set of eligibility criteria, including competence...
November 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132688/temporal-trends-in-outpatient-management-of-incident-pulmonary-embolism-and-associated-mortality
#16
Adi J Klil-Drori, Janie Coulombe, Samy Suissa, Andrew Hirsch, Vicky Tagalakis
INTRODUCTION: In clinical trial settings, outpatient management of pulmonary embolism (PE) is feasible and safe, but less is known on its use in routine care. We determined trends in outpatient management of PE and associated mortality in a large non-select patient population. METHODS: All residents of Quebec, Canada with a first-ever work-up for suspected PE in the emergency department (ED) over 10years were included. Patients could transition to outpatient management and from unconfirmed to confirmed PE in a time-varying fashion...
November 6, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127561/the-role-of-public-health-in-the-development-of-a-collaborative-agreement-with-rural-and-semi-urban-partners-in-cases-of-severe-domestic-squalor-and-hoarding
#17
Marie-Claude Lacombe, Bruno Cossette
When confronted with complex situations of hoarding and severe domestic squalor, small municipal communities and their partners frequently feel overwhelmed due to limited resources at their disposal. Stakeholders often report these situations to Public Health Service and seek their support. In order to facilitate more effective and coordinated actions, the main stakeholders involved (municipal, fire, police, public health and the regional health center) must agree on the most appropriate intervention strategies...
November 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124887/association-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-gingival-inflammation-in-obese-children
#18
K Kâ, M-C Rousseau, S D Tran, M Henderson, B Nicolau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Our previous work showed a positive association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in a sample of obese and non-obese children. However, whether this association persists among obese children is unknown. We aim to investigate the extent to which MetS is associated with GCF TNF-α level among obese children. METHODOLOGY: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using data from visit 1 of the QUebec Adipose and Lifestyle InvesTigation in Youth cohort...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118598/first-record-of-thecturota-tenuissima-casey-from-canada-coleoptera-staphylinidae-aleocharinae
#19
Jan Klimaszewski, Tim Struyve, Caroline Bourdon, Julie-Anne Dorval
Thecturota tenuissima Casey, is reported for the first time from Canada, based on records from Ontario and Quebec. It was originally described from Rhode Island, USA, and no other records of this species in North America were published since that time. The specimens from Canada were captured by car netting. We provide here a redescription of this species and never before published images of habitus, tergite, and sternite VIII of both sexes, median lobe of aedeagus and spermatheca. The features distinguishing T...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117991/availability-of-naloxone-in-canadian-pharmacies-a-population-based-survey
#20
Alex M Cressman, Graham Mazereeuw, Qi Guan, Wenting Jia, Tara Gomes, David N Juurlink
BACKGROUND: Naloxone is life-saving when administered after opioid overdose. In March 2016, the Canadian government made the antidote available without prescription, but anecdotal reports suggest members of the public have difficulty in procuring it. We examined the availability of naloxone in community pharmacies across Canada. METHODS: We identified community pharmacies in Canada (n = 10 296) and randomly selected 506, stratified using proportionate allocation by population size...
November 8, 2017: CMAJ Open
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