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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211177/visual-impairment-in-older-institutionalised-canadian-seniors-with-dementia
#1
Estefania Chriqui, Caroline Law, Marie-Jeanne Kergoat, Bernard-Simon Leclerc, Hélène Kergoat
PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence of visual impairment (VI) in a sub-population of Canadian long-term care facilities, i.e. residents affected by dementia. METHODS: This study was conducted in the long-term care facility units at the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal. All residents ≥65 years old (y.o.), having a clinical diagnosis of dementia, and able to understand French or English, were eligible for participation in the study. All residents participating in the study received a complete eye exam by an experienced optometrist...
March 2017: Ophthalmic & Physiological Optics: the Journal of the British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210062/cognitive-function-in-middle-aged-and-older-adults-participating-in-synchronized-swimming-exercise
#2
Etsuko Maeshima, Yuka Okumura, Juri Tatsumi, Sayaka Tomokane, Akiko Ikeshima
[Purpose] The purpose of the present study was to examine cognitive function in middle-aged and older adults regularly engaging in synchronized swimming-exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three female synchronized swimmers ranging in age from 49 to 85 years were recruited for the present study. The duration of synchronized swimming experience ranged from 1 to 39 years. The control group consisted of 36 age- and gender-matched community-dwelling middle-aged and older adults (age range: 49 to 77 years)...
January 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208082/cognitive-impairment-in-the-first-year-after-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Mariana Ramalho, Filipa Fontes, Luís Ruano, Susana Pereira, Nuno Lunet
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the relation between cancer treatments and incident cognitive impairment in breast cancer patients, taking into account the levels of anxiety before treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study with 418 newly diagnosed breast cancer patients with no cognitive impairment, defined as values at least 1.5 standard deviations below age- and education-adjusted cut-offs in the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), at baseline...
February 13, 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199994/association-between-montreal-cognitive-assessment-sub-item-scores-and-corresponding-cognitive-test-performance-in-patients-with-frontotemporal-dementia-and-related-disorders
#4
Kristy K L Coleman, Brenda L Coleman, Julia D MacKinley, Stephen H Pasternak, Elizabeth C Finger
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a brief screening test developed to detect patients with mild cognitive impairment, is used in clinical settings across North America [Nasreddine et al.: J Am Geriatr Soc 2005;53:695-699]. The MoCA has been demonstrated to be sensitive to cognitive deficits in frontotemporal dementias (FTD) and related disorders [Coleman et al.: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2016;30:258-263]. Given attentional impairments in patients with FTD, whether and to what extent the abbreviated items on the MoCA may predict performance on corresponding assessments is not known...
February 16, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196129/encouraging-understanding-or-increasing-prejudices-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-institutional-influence-on-health-personnel-attitudes-about-refugee-claimants-access-to-health-care
#5
Cécile Rousseau, Youssef Oulhote, Mónica Ruiz-Casares, Janet Cleveland, Christina Greenaway
BACKGROUND: This paper investigates the personal, professional and institutional predictors of health institution personnel's attitudes regarding access to healthcare for refugee claimants in Canada. METHODS: In Montreal, the staff of five hospitals and two primary care centres (n = 1772) completed an online questionnaire documenting demographics, occupation, exposure to refugee claimant patients, and attitudes regarding healthcare access for refugee claimants. We used structural equations modeling to investigate the associations between professional and institutional factors with latent functions of positive and negative attitudes toward refugee's access to healthcare...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190508/navigating-the-clinical-trial-pathway-conception-design-execution-and-results-dissemination
#6
John S Sampalis, Joanne Watson, Stella Boukas, Marianna Boukas, Natalie Harvey, Sanjay Machado, Michel Bordeleau, Emmanouil Rampakakis
Dr Sampalis is founder, Chief Executive Officer, and Chief Scientific Officer of JSS Medical Research Inc, founded in 1997. He is a tenured professor of Surgery and Epidemiology & Biostatistics of McGill University, the University of Montreal and University of Laval. Recognized as a leading clinical epidemiologist and one of the top trauma researchers in Canada, he possesses extensive expertise in health services research, clinical trials, and offers services as a Research and Epidemiological Consultant for numerous pharmaceutical companies, hospitals and government organizations and agencies...
March 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188873/an-improved-fsl-first-pipeline-for-subcortical-gray-matter-segmentation-to-study-abnormal-brain-anatomy-using-quantitative-susceptibility-mapping-qsm
#7
Xiang Feng, Andreas Deistung, Michael G Dwyer, Jesper Hagemeier, Paul Polak, Jessica Lebenberg, Frédérique Frouin, Robert Zivadinov, Jürgen R Reichenbach, Ferdinand Schweser
Accurate and robust segmentation of subcortical gray matter (SGM) nuclei is required in many neuroimaging applications. FMRIB's Integrated Registration and Segmentation Tool (FIRST) is one of the most popular software tools for automated subcortical segmentation based on T1-weighted (T1w) images. In this work, we demonstrate that FIRST tends to produce inaccurate SGM segmentation results in the case of abnormal brain anatomy, such as present in atrophied brains, due to a poor spatial match of the subcortical structures with the training data in the MNI space as well as due to insufficient contrast of SGM structures on T1w images...
February 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188757/cognitive-effects-of-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-men-with-advanced-prostate-cancer
#8
Bulent Gunlusoy, Yasin Ceylan, Aslı Koskderlioglu, Muhtesem Gedizlioglu, Tansu Degirmenci, Pınar Ortan, Zafer Kozacioglu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate prostate cancer effects of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) by using a systematic set of methods to calculate specific cognitive functions in men with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. METHODS: From April 2014 to February 2016, a prospective, comparative study was done to evaluate the cognitive effects of hormone therapy.Group 1 consisted of 78 patients with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer who received complete ADT treatment continously for 12 months and group 2 (control group) consisted of 78 patients who underwent radical prostatectomy without any additional treatment...
February 7, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177857/end-of-life-care-in-nunavik-quebec-inuit-experiences-current-realities-and-ways-forward
#9
Shawn Renee Hordyk, Mary Ellen Macdonald, Paul Brassard
BACKGROUND: Increasing longevity for Inuit living in Nunavik, northern Quebec, has resulted in heightened rates of cancers and chronic diseases necessitating complex treatments. Consequently, end-of-life (EOL) care, once the domain of Inuit families and communities, has come to include professionalized healthcare providers with varying degrees of awareness of factors to consider in providing care to Inuit populations. OBJECTIVE: To better understand the factors shaping EOL care in Nunavik to support the development of a sustainable model of care...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177556/pattern-and-related-factors-of-cognitive-impairment-among-chronic-methamphetamine-users
#10
Tong-Yu Wang, Teng-Teng Fan, Yan-Ping Bao, Xiao-Dong Li, Chun-Mei Liang, Ru-Jia Wang, Jun Ma, Ying Han, Shi-Qiu Meng, Ping Wu, Jie Shi, Lin Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Methamphetamine (MA) use is increasingly prevalent in East and Southeast Asia and commonly associated with cognitive impairment. The present study estimated the characteristics of cognitive impairment and explored the associated potential factors among chronic MA users. METHODS: The data were from the baseline visit of a longitudinal study among synthetic drug users. The baseline survey was conducted in detoxification and rehabilitation centers in Guangdong province, China, from September to December in 2013...
February 8, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163319/diet-diversity-growth-and-adiposity-in-healthy-breastfed-infants-fed-homemade-complementary-foods
#11
E Mok, C A Vanstone, S Gallo, P Li, E Constantin, H A Weiler
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Infant complementary feeding is important for establishing food preferences. Few studies exist on the effects of infant complementary feeding choices (food preparation methods) on dietary intake, growth or adiposity. We examined whether provision of homemade complementary food is associated with the development of dietary diversity, nutrient intakes and quality of infant growth. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Secondary analysis of feeding practices from a randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation in 132 healthy breastfed 1-month old infants from Montréal, Canada...
February 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162866/perceptions-and-knowledge-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-results-of-focus-groups-with-canadian-youth
#12
Cassondra McCrory, Christine M White, Carolyn Bowman, Nancy Fenton, Jessica L Reid, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine use, knowledge, and perceptions of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) among youth. DESIGN: Qualitative research using focus group discussions (n = 4). SETTING: Two Canadian cities (Toronto and Montreal). PARTICIPANTS: Youth aged 12-18 years (n = 41). PHENOMENON OF INTEREST: Perceived definitions of CEDs, reasons for use, knowledge of health effects, use with alcohol, marketing perceptions, and use and understanding of cautionary statements on packaging...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160126/correlates-and-predictors-of-well-being-in-montreal
#13
Flore Moulin, Corey Keyes, Aihua Liu, Jean Caron
With and without mental disorders, low levels of positive mental health are associated with limitations in daily life and with an economic burden in developed countries. We aimed to assess the correlates and predictors of high levels of well-being (WB) in Keyes' model of mental health. A four-year longitudinal population-based study was administered, in Montreal, Canada. At baseline, 1828 participated in wave 1, and 1303 in wave 2. WB was measured by the Mental Health Continuum Short Form, and data were collected by direct interviews...
February 3, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155769/-detection-of-sexually-transmitted-and-bloodborne-infection-stbi-in-160-terms-of-health-promotion-the-8220-blitz-initiative-8221-in-montr-233-al
#14
Monique Imbleau
<ce:para>Is the Ottawa Charter still relevant? This article reports the use of health promotion strategies to redirect and improve screening of STBIs in Montreal in a Blitz initiative. It describes the problem of access to healthcare that initiated the project and the Blitz initiative of STBI screening in schools, as close as approach to youth and mobilizing actors both inside and outside of the healthcare facility. Tangible results were observed.</ce:para>.
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155182/italians-do-it-worse-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca-optimal-cut-off-scores-for-people-with-probable-alzheimer-s-disease-and-with-probable-cognitive-impairment
#15
Andrea Bosco, Giuseppina Spano, Alessandro O Caffò, Antonella Lopez, Ignazio Grattagliano, Giuseppe Saracino, Katia Pinto, Frans Hoogeveen, Giulio E Lancioni
Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) is a test providing a brief screening for people with cognitive impairment due to aging or neurodegenerative syndromes. In Italy, as in the rest of the world, several validation studies of MoCA have been carried out. This study compared, for the first time in Italy, a sample of people with probable Alzheimer's Disease (AD) with healthy counterparts. The study also compared two community-dwelling groups of aged participants with and without probable cognitive impairment, as discriminated by two cut-off points of adjusted MMSE score...
February 2, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150102/adaptation-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-italian-version-of-the-non-motor-symptoms-questionnaire-for-parkinson-s-disease
#16
I Cova, M E Di Battista, N Vanacore, C P Papi, G Alampi, A Rubino, M Valente, G Meco, P Contri, A Di Pucchio, E Lacorte, A Priori, C Mariani, S Pomati
Although non-motor symptoms (NMS) of Parkinson's disease (PD) are very common also in early stages of the disease, they are still under-recognized. Screening tools for non-motor symptoms, such as non-motor symptoms questionnaire (NMSQuest), help clinicians to recognize NMS and to evaluate if patients could require further assessment or specific treatments. To validate an adapted Italian version of NMSQuest and study its psychometric properties, Italian PD patients self-completed Italian NMSQuest, and then underwent a standard clinical evaluation including motor assessment (by Hoehn and Yahr staging, unified Parkinson's disease rating scale part III) and non-motor assessment (by Montreal cognitive assessment, Beck depression inventory, neuropsychiatric inventory, Epworth sleepiness scale, scale for outcomes in Parkinson's disease-Autonomic and movement disorder society-sponsored revision of the unified Parkinson's disease rating scale part I)...
February 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147355/improvement-of-a-leaky-intestinal-barrier
#17
REVIEW
Eduard F Stange
In Crohn's disease, the mucus layer appears to be defective in terms of low defensin levels and lack of antibacterial activity. These deficiencies actually explain the Montreal phenotypes and the stable localization of disease in the terminal ileum with low α-defensins from Paneth cells and/or low β-defensins in colonic disease, respectively. Conversely, in ulcerative colitis (UC) the defensin production is normal or even induced, but the mucus layer is thinner and patchy, more in the liquid form and also chemically altered so that antibacterial peptides are not retained and lost into the luminal bacterial bulk...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146431/association-of-plasma-ghrelin-levels-and-ghrelin-rs4684677-polymorphism-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#18
Rong Huang, Jing Han, Sai Tian, Rongrong Cai, Jie Sun, Yanjue Shen, Shaohua Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: People with insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at increased risks of cognitive impairment. We aimed to investigate the association of plasma ghrelin levels and ghrelin rs4684677 polymorphism with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in T2DM patients. RESULTS: In addition to elevated glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting blood glucose (FBG) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), T2DM patients with MCI had decreased plasma ghrelin levels compared with their healthy-cognition subjects (all p < 0...
January 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145815/dl-3-n-butylphthalide-can-improve-the-cognitive-function-of-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-a-prospective-intervention-study
#19
Haiqing Yan, Zhixin Yan, Xiaolu Niu, Jianling Wang, Yongkun Gui, Ping Zhang
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effects of dl-3-n-butylphthalide on cognitive function of patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). METHODS: A total of 104 patients with AIS admitted between October 2012 and June 2013 were assigned to either the Treatment (standardized treatment plus dl-3-n-butylphthalide) or Control (standardized treatment alone) groups. Cognitive function was assessed by the Beijing version of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA-BJ) and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) before and 1 month after treatment, when high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and homocysteine (Hcy) were also detected...
February 1, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144192/predictability-of-social-anamnestic-variables-on-receptive-vocabulary-and-cognitive-functioning-of-the-elderly-population
#20
Amela Ibrahimagic, Lejla Junuzovic Zunic, Mirsada Rasidovic, Bojan Radic, Ahmet Kantic
INTRODUCTION: Aging, as an irrepressible biological process involves a series of physiological and pathological changes. The main aim of this study was to examine the correlation and predictability of receptive vocabulary and cognitive functioning of elderly people with anamnestic variables: chronological age, sex, level of formal education, marital status, years of work and retirement and years spent in an institution for the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of participants consisted of 120 elderly people, average age was 78 years, placed in institutional care for elderly people in four cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
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