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ICU Mobility scale

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560042/acetylcholinesterase-and-butyrylcholinesterase-in-cardiosurgical-patients-with-postoperative-delirium
#1
Mira John, E Wesley Ely, Dorothee Halfkann, Julika Schoen, Beate Sedemund-Adib, Stefan Klotz, Finn Radtke, Sebastian Stehr, Michael Hueppe
BACKGROUND: Patients in intensive care units (ICU) are often diagnosed with postoperative delirium; the duration of which has a relevant negative impact on various clinical outcomes. Recent research found a potentially important role of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in delirium of critically ill patients on non-surgical ICU or in non-cardiac-surgery patients. We tested the hypothesis that AChE and BChE have an impact on patients after cardiac surgery with postoperative delirium...
2017: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538781/effects-that-passive-cycling-exercise-have-on-muscle-strength-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-and-length-of-hospital-stay-in-critically-ill-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Aline Dos Santos Machado, Ruy Camargo Pires-Neto, Maurício Tatsch Ximenes Carvalho, Janice Cristina Soares, Dannuey Machado Cardoso, Isabella Martins de Albuquerque
Objective: To evaluate the effects that passive cycling exercise, in combination with conventional physical therapy, have on peripheral muscle strength, duration of mechanical ventilation, and length of hospital stay in critically ill patients admitted to the ICU of a tertiary care university hospital. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial involving 38 patients (≥ 18 years of age) on mechanical ventilation who were randomly divided into two groups: control (n = 16), receiving conventional physical therapy; and intervention (n = 22), receiving conventional physical therapy and engaging in passive cycling exercise five days per week...
March 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431343/measurement-of-physical-activity-levels-in-the-intensive-care-unit-and-functional-outcomes-an-observational-study
#3
Lisa J Beach, Kate Fetterplace, Lara Edbrooke, Selina M Parry, Rachel Curtis, Thomas Rechnitzer, Sue Berney, Linda Denehy
PURPOSE: Primary aims were: (1) objectively quantify levels of physical activity with the sensewear armband mini-fly motion sensor (SWA-MF), (2) evaluate the correlation of SWA-MF measurement of active and resting energy expenditure against the ICU Mobility scale (IMS) and indirect calorimetry respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adults mechanically ventilated ≥48h and anticipated to remain in ICU≥5days were included. Physical activity (PA) was measured using a SWA-MF (over the first five days); energy expenditure was measured with both the SWA-MF and the Deltatrac II metabolic cart on day three; highest level of mobility was assessed on the IMS...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358584/assessing-the-usefulness-and-validity-of-frailty-markers-in-critically-ill-adults
#4
Aluko A Hope, S J Hsieh, Alex Petti, Mariana Hurtado-Sbordoni, Joe Verghese, Michelle Ng Gong
RATIONALE: Identifying frailty by the presence of a critical number of frailty markers has been difficult to operationalize in the intensive care unit (ICU), where patients often cannot complete performance measures or answer complex questions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the construct and predictive validity of a questionnaire-based approach to identifying frailty in adult ICU patients. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study of adults admitted to a medical or surgical ICU at one of two hospitals in New York...
June 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291092/measuring-patient-mobility-in-the-icu-using-a-novel-noninvasive-sensor
#5
Andy J Ma, Nishi Rawat, Austin Reiter, Christine Shrock, Andong Zhan, Alex Stone, Anahita Rabiee, Stephanie Griffin, Dale M Needham, Suchi Saria
OBJECTIVES: To develop and validate a noninvasive mobility sensor to automatically and continuously detect and measure patient mobility in the ICU. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Surgical ICU at an academic hospital. PATIENTS: Three hundred sixty-two hours of sensor color and depth image data were recorded and curated into 109 segments, each containing 1,000 images, from eight patients. INTERVENTIONS: None...
April 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231030/safety-of-patient-mobilization-and-rehabilitation-in-the-intensive-care-unit-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#6
Peter Nydahl, Thiti Sricharoenchai, Saurabh Chandra, Firuzan Sari Kundt, Minxuan Huang, Magdalena Fischill, Dale M Needham
BACKGROUND: Early mobilization and rehabilitation of patients in intensive care units (ICUs) may improve physical function, and reduce the duration of delirium, mechanical ventilation, and ICU length of stay. However, safety concerns are an important barrier to widespread implementation. OBJECTIVES: To synthesize safety data regarding patient mobilization and rehabilitation in the ICU, including falls, removal of endotracheal tubes, removal or dysfunction of intravascular catheters, removal of other catheters/tubes, cardiac arrest, hemodynamic changes, and desaturation...
May 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117473/perme-intensive-care-unit-mobility-score-and-icu-mobility-scale-translation-into-portuguese-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-for-use-in-brazil
#7
Yurika Maria Fogaça Kawaguchi, Ricardo Kenji Nawa, Thais Borgheti Figueiredo, Lourdes Martins, Ruy Camargo Pires-Neto
Objective: To translate the Perme Intensive Care Unit Mobility Score and the ICU Mobility Scale (IMS) into Portuguese, creating versions that are cross-culturally adapted for use in Brazil, and to determine the interobserver agreement and reliability for both versions. Methods: The processes of translation and cross-cultural validation consisted in the following: preparation, translation, reconciliation, synthesis, back-translation, review, approval, and pre-test...
November 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898220/intensive-care-physiotherapy-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#8
Laveena Munshi, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Julian DeBacker, Ravi Doobay, Teagan Telesnicki, Vincent Lo, Nathalie Cote, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: There are limited data on physiotherapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize physiotherapy delivered to patients with ARDS supported with ECMO, as well as to evaluate the association of this therapeutic modality with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients with ARDS supported with ECMO at our institution between 2010 and 2015...
February 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793165/surviving-critical-illness-what-is-next-an-expert-consensus-statement-on-physical-rehabilitation-after-hospital-discharge
#9
M E Major, R Kwakman, M E Kho, B Connolly, D McWilliams, L Denehy, S Hanekom, S Patman, R Gosselink, C Jones, F Nollet, D M Needham, R H H Engelbert, M van der Schaaf
BACKGROUND: The study objective was to obtain consensus on physical therapy (PT) in the rehabilitation of critical illness survivors after hospital discharge. Research questions were: what are PT goals, what are recommended measurement tools, and what constitutes an optimal PT intervention for survivors of critical illness? METHODS: A Delphi consensus study was conducted. Panelists were included based on relevant fields of expertise, years of clinical experience, and publication record...
October 29, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749432/the-abcde-bundle-a-survey-of-nurses-knowledge-and-attitudes-in-the-intensive-care-units-of-a-national-teaching-hospital-in-italy
#10
Floriana Pinto, Gianni Biancofiore
BACKGROUND: The ABCDE (Awakening and Breathing coordination of daily sedation and ventilator removal trials; Choice of sedative or analgesic exposure; Delirium monitoring and management; and Early mobility and exercise) bundle is a multidisciplinary set of evidence-based practices for improving patient outcomes in the intensive care unit. Nurses are critical to all the bundle's requirements. Therefore, understanding their knowledge, attitudes, and perception of the different bundle's components might help for an easier implementation into everyday clinical practice...
November 2016: Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing: DCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600938/-algorithms-for-early-mobilization-in-intensive-care-units
#11
P Nydahl, R Dubb, S Filipovic, C Hermes, F Jüttner, A Kaltwasser, S Klarmann, H Mende, S Nessizius, C Rottensteiner
Immobility of patients in intensive care units (ICU) can lead to long-lasting physical and cognitive decline. During the last few years, bundles for rehabilitation were developed, including early mobilization. The German guideline for positioning therapy and mobilization, in general, recommends the development of ICU-specific protocols. The aim of this narrative review is to provide guidance when developing a best practice protocol in one's own field of work. It is recommended to a) implement early mobilization as part of a bundle, including screening and management of patient's awareness, pain, anxiety, stress, delirium and family's presence, b) develop a traffic-light system of specific in- and exclusion criteria in an interprofessional process, c) use checklists to assess risks and preparation of mobilization, d) use the ICU Mobility Scale for targeting and documentation of mobilization, e) use relative safety criteria for hemodynamic and respiratory changes, and Borg Scale for subjective evaluation, f) document and evaluate systematically mobilization levels, barriers, unwanted safety events and other parameters...
March 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532117/rate-of-spontaneous-voiding-recovery-after-acute-urinary-retention-due-to-bed-rest-in-the-hospital-setting-in-a-nonurological-population-clinical-study-of-the-relationship-between-lower-limbs-and-bladder-function
#12
Paulo Rodrigues, Flávio Hering, Eli Cieli, João Carlos Campagnari
OBJECTIVES: To understand the clinical relationship between lower limbs functions and the recovery of spontaneous voiding after an acute urinary retention (AUR) in older patients admitted to hospitals for non-urological causes using clinical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 56 adult patients (32 men; mean age: 77.9 ± 8.3 and 24 women; mean age 82.1 ± 4.6) with AUR were prospectively followed with validated Physical Performance Mobility Exam (PPME) instrument to evaluate the relationship between the recovery of mobility capacity and spontaneous voiding...
November 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27307746/mobilization-of-intensive-care-patients-a-multidisciplinary-practical-guide-for-clinicians
#13
Margot Green, Vince Marzano, I Anne Leditschke, Imogen Mitchell, Bernie Bissett
OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience and the practical tools we have developed to facilitate early mobilization in the intensive care unit (ICU) as a multidisciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence supporting early mobilization for improving outcomes for ICU patients, recent international point-prevalence studies reveal that few patients are mobilized in the ICU. Existing guidelines rarely address the practical issues faced by multidisciplinary ICU teams attempting to translate evidence into practice...
2016: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176033/development-and-pilot-of-a-checklist-for-management-of-acute-liver-failure-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#14
Oren K Fix, Iris Liou, Constantine J Karvellas, Daniel R Ganger, Kimberly A Forde, Ram M Subramanian, Alice Boylan, James Hanje, R Todd Stravitz, William M Lee
INTRODUCTION: Acute liver failure (ALF) is an ideal condition for use of a checklist. Our aims were to develop a checklist for the management of ALF in the intensive care unit (ICU) and assess the usability of the checklist among multiple providers. METHODS: The initial checklist was developed from published guidelines and expert opinion. The checklist underwent pilot testing at 11 academic liver transplant centers in the US and Canada. An anonymous, written survey was used to assess the usability and quality of the checklist...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109818/assessment-of-sleep-quality-post-hospital-discharge-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#15
Kevin J Solverson, Paul A Easton, Christopher J Doig
BACKGROUND: Sleep quality is impaired during critical illness and may remain abnormal after discharge from hospital. Sleep dysfunction in patients after critical illness may impair recovery and health related quality of life. The purpose of this study was to use objective and subjective measures to evaluate sleep quality in critical illness survivors 3 months after hospital discharge. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study of 55 patients admitted to a multidisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) between April 1st, 2009 and March 31, 2010...
May 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107920/benefits-of-early-active-mobility-in-the-medical-intensive-care-unit-a-pilot-study
#16
Ogochukwu Azuh, Harriet Gammon, Charlotte Burmeister, Donald Frega, David Nerenz, Bruno DiGiovine, Aamir Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcer formation continues to be problematic in acute care settings, especially intensive care units (ICUs). Our institution developed a program for early mobility in the ICU using specially trained nursing aides. The goal was to impact hospital-acquired pressure ulcers incidence as well as factors associated with ICU deconditioning by using specially trained personnel to perform the acute early mobility interventions. METHODS: A 5-point mobility scale was developed and used to establish a patients' highest level of activity achievable during evaluation...
August 2016: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015233/the-icu-mobility-scale-has-construct-and-predictive-validity-and-is-responsive-a-multicenter-observational-study
#17
Claire J Tipping, Michael J Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo, Susan Berney, Heidi Buhr, Linda Denehy, Meg Harrold, Anne Holland, Alisa M Higgins, Theodore J Iwashyna, Dale Needham, Jeff Presneill, Manoj Saxena, Elizabeth H Skinner, Steve Webb, Paul Young, Jennifer Zanni, Carol L Hodgson
RATIONALE: The ICU Mobility Scale (IMS) is a measure of mobility milestones in critically ill patients. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the validity and responsiveness of the IMS from a prospective cohort study of adults admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Construct and predictive validity were assessed by comparing IMS values at ICU discharge in 192 patients to other variables using Spearman rank correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U tests, and logistic regression...
June 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968024/a-binational-multicenter-pilot-feasibility-randomized-controlled-trial-of-early-goal-directed-mobilization-in-the-icu
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carol L Hodgson, Michael Bailey, Rinaldo Bellomo, Susan Berney, Heidi Buhr, Linda Denehy, Belinda Gabbe, Megan Harrold, Alisa Higgins, Theodore J Iwashyna, Rebecca Papworth, Rachael Parke, Shane Patman, Jeffrey Presneill, Manoj Saxena, Elizabeth Skinner, Claire Tipping, Paul Young, Steven Webb
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the early goal-directed mobilization intervention could be delivered to patients receiving mechanical ventilation with increased maximal levels of activity compared with standard care. DESIGN: A pilot randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Five ICUs in Australia and New Zealand. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty critically ill adults mechanically ventilated for greater than 24 hours. INTERVENTION: Patients were randomly assigned to either early goal-directed mobilization (intervention) or to standard care (control)...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26825278/muscle-mass-strength-and-functional-outcomes-in-critically-ill-patients-after-cardiothoracic-surgery-does-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-help-the-catastim-2-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Arabella Fischer, Matthias Spiegl, Klaus Altmann, Andreas Winkler, Anna Salamon, Michael Themessl-Huber, Mohamed Mouhieddine, Eva Maria Strasser, Arno Schiferer, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, Michael Hiesmayr
BACKGROUND: The effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in critically ill patients after cardiothoracic surgery are unknown. The objectives were to investigate whether NMES prevents loss of muscle layer thickness (MLT) and strength and to observe the time variation of MLT and strength from preoperative day to hospital discharge. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, 54 critically ill patients were randomized into four strata based on the SAPS II score...
January 29, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26795215/-delirium-and-delirium-management-in-critically-ill-patients
#20
REVIEW
A Kersten, S Reith
Delirium in critically ill patients is a common entity in the intensive care unit (ICU) and is an expression of the cerebral organ dysfunction of the patient. The hallmark signs are disturbed consciousness and cognition in combination with inattentiveness and alterations in perception, which are manifested within a time interval of hours to days during treatment on the ICU. Delirium has been shown to have negative effects on patient short-term and long-term outcome parameters and increases morbidity and mortality...
February 2016: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
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