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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088405/evaluation-of-factors-associated-with-immunoglobulin-g-fat-protein-and-lactose-concentrations-in-bovine-colostrum-and-colostrum-management-practices-in-grassland-based-dairy-systems-in-northern-ireland
#1
A Dunn, A Ashfield, B Earley, M Welsh, A Gordon, S J Morrison
The objectives of this study were to investigate colostrum feeding practices and colostrum quality on commercial grassland-based dairy farms, and to identify factors associated with colostrum quality that could help inform the development of colostrum management protocols. Over 1 yr, background information associated with dairy calvings and colostrum management practices were recorded on 21 commercial dairy farms. Colostrum samples (n = 1,239) were analyzed for fat, protein, lactose, and IgG concentration. A subset was analyzed for somatic cell count and total viable bacteria count...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079411/enteral-tube-feeding-using-good-practice-to-prevent-infection
#2
Hardip Malhi
Enteral tube feeding is the delivery of nutritionally complete feed via a tube into the gut. It is used for patients who are unable to meet their nutritional needs orally. Enteral feeding can be given through a variety of different tubes that access the gastrointestinal tract either via the stomach or the small bowel. The contamination of enteral feed can often be overlooked as a source of bacterial infection. Enteral feeds can become contaminated in a variety of different ways. Most often infections result in extended lengths of stay in hospital and patients also need additional therapies and treatments in order to resolve these infections...
January 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077899/a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-neostigmine-and-metoclopramide-on-gastric-residual-volume-of-mechanically-ventilated-icu-patients
#3
Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Abbas Alipour, Abolfazl Firouzian, Laleh Moarab, Amir Emami Zeydi
BACKGROUND: In critically ill patients, enteral feeding through the nasogastric tube is the method of choice for nutritional support. Gastrointestinal feeding intolerance and disturbed gastric emptying are common challenges in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of Neostigmine and Metoclopramide on gastric residual volume (GRV) in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. METHODS: In a double blind, randomized clinical trial, a total of 60 mechanically ventilated ICU patients with GRV >120 mL (3 hours after the last gavage), were randomly assigned into two groups A and B...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077159/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-combined-with-enteral-nutrition-support-a-radical-treatment-strategy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-malignant-fistulae
#4
Li Ma, Guang-Yu Luo, Yu-Feng Ren, Bo Qiu, Hong Yang, Chun-Xia Xie, Song-Ran Liu, Shi-Liang Liu, Zhao-Lin Chen, Qun Li, Jian-Hua Fu, Meng-Zhong Liu, Yong-Hong Hu, Wen-Feng Ye, Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) significantly increases the survival rate of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients with malignant fistulae. Recent clinical evidence has shown the benefits of enteral nutrition for malnourished cancer patients. In this study, we aimed to validate that, with the support of enteral nutrition, ESCC patients who develop malignant fistulae might be able to complete CCRT and achieve long-term survival. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 652 patients with ESCC who received definitive CCRT at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and December 2012...
January 11, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072907/symptomatic-treatments-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis-motor-neuron-disease
#5
REVIEW
Louisa Ng, Fary Khan, Carolyn A Young, Mary Galea
BACKGROUND: Motor neuron disease (MND), which is also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), causes a wide range of symptoms but the evidence base for the effectiveness of the symptomatic treatment therapies is limited. OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence from Cochrane Systematic Reviews of all symptomatic treatments for MND. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) on 15 November 2016 for systematic reviews of symptomatic treatments for MND...
January 10, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069496/probiotic-e-coli-nissle-1917-biofilms-on-silicone-substrates-for-bacterial-interference-against-pathogen-colonization
#6
Quan Chen, Zhiling Zhu, Jun Wang, Analette I Lopez, Siheng Li, Amit Kumar, Fei Yu, Haoqing Chen, Chengzhi Cai, Lijuan Zhang
: Bacterial interference is an alternative strategy to fight against device-associated bacterial infections. Pursuing this strategy, a non-pathogenic bacterial biofilm is used as a live, protective barrier to fence off pathogen colonization. In this work, biofilms formed by probiotic Escherichia coli strain Nissle 1917 (EcN) are investigated for their potential for long-term bacterial interference against infections associated with silicone-based urinary catheters and indwelling catheters used in the digestive system, such as feeding tubes and voice prostheses...
January 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061521/quality-of-life-after-surgical-treatment-for-esophageal-atresia-long-term-outcome-of-154-patients
#7
Alice Catherine Hölscher, Michael Laschat, Vera Choinitzki, Nadine Zwink, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Oliver Münsterer, Ralf Kurz, Marcus Pauly, Ulrike Brokmeier, Andreas Leutner, Benno Ure, Martin Lacher, Johannes Schumacher, Heiko Reutter, Thomas Michael Boemers
Background The short- and long-term surgical results in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) with or without tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) have been described in depth from a physician's perspective. Contrarily, the perception and coping strategies of affected patients and their parents have rarely been reported. The aim of this study was to generate data on this matter. Patients and Methods A total of 154 patients who had operative reconstruction for EA between 1971 and 2012 were evaluated for demographic data, surgical technique, affection of daily life, and coping strategies...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058546/is-chemical-pyloroplasty-necessary-for-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#8
Camille L Stewart, Lauren Wilson, Aidan Hamm, Christan Bartsch, Megan Boniface, Ana Gleisner, John D Mitchell, Michael J Weyant, Robert Meguid, Csaba Gajdos, Barish H Edil, Martin McCarter
BACKGROUND: Many centers use botulinum toxin for chemical pyloroplasty in minimally invasive esophagectomies as prophylaxis against delayed gastric emptying. No previous studies have compared botulinum toxin injection with no pyloric intervention for patients treated with a combined laparoscopic and thoracoscopic approach. The authors hypothesized that chemical pyloroplasty does not improve outcomes for these patients. METHODS: The study investigated patients undergoing minimally invasive esophagectomies from September 2009 to June 2015...
January 5, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056905/determinants-of-chronic-otitis-media-with-effusion-in-preschool-children-a-case-control-study
#9
Rebecca E Walker, Jim Bartley, David Flint, John M D Thompson, Edwin A Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Chronic otitis media with effusion (COME) is a prevalent upper airway infection resulting in hearing loss. The aim of this research was to determine risk factors for COME in preschool children. METHODS: A case-control design was conducted in Auckland, New Zealand from May 2011 until November 2013. The cases were children aged 3 and 4 years referred for tympanostomy tube placement due to a diagnosis of COME (n = 178). The controls were a random sample of healthy children aged 3 and 4 years from primary care practices (n = 209)...
January 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053702/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-refeeding-protocol-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa-rady-children-s-hospital-san-diego-university-of-california-san-diego
#10
Tamara R Maginot, Maya M Kumar, Jacqueline Shiels, Walter Kaye, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for nutritional rehabilitation in hospitalized restrictive eating disorder patients recommend a cautious approach to refeeding. Several studies suggest that higher calorie diets may be safe and effective, but have traditionally excluded severely malnourished patients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of a higher calorie nutritional rehabilitation protocol (NRP) in a broad sample of inpatients with restrictive eating disorders, including those who were severely malnourished...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053507/riluzole-5-mg-ml-oral-suspension-for-optimized-drug-delivery-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#11
Ann Margaret Dyer, Alan Smith
The aim of the present work is to extensively evaluate the pharmaceutical attributes of currently available riluzole presentations. The article describes the limitations and risks associated with the administration of crushed tablets, including the potential for inaccurate dosing and reduced rate of absorption when riluzole is administered with high-fat foods, and the advantages that a recently approved innovative oral liquid form of riluzole confers on amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. The article further evaluates the patented and innovative controlled flocculation technology used in the pseudoplastic suspension formulation to reduce the oral anesthesia seen with crushed tablets, resulting in optimized drug delivery for riluzole...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051172/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonatal-encephalopathy-a-report-from-the-first-3-years-of-the-baby-cooling-registry-of-japan
#12
Kennosuke Tsuda, Takeo Mukai, Sachiko Iwata, Jun Shibasaki, Takuya Tokuhisa, Tomoaki Ioroi, Hiroyuki Sano, Nanae Yutaka, Akihito Takahashi, Akihito Takeuchi, Toshiki Takenouchi, Yuko Araki, Hisanori Sobajima, Masanori Tamura, Shigeharu Hosono, Makoto Nabetani, Osuke Iwata
Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended for moderate and severe neonatal encephalopathy, but is being applied to a wider range of neonates than originally envisaged. To examine the clinical use of therapeutic hypothermia, data collected during the first 3 years (2012-2014) of the Baby Cooling Registry of Japan were analysed. Of 485 cooled neonates, 96.5% were ≥36 weeks gestation and 99.4% weighed ≥1,800 g. Severe acidosis (pH < 7 or base deficit ≥16 mmol/L) was present in 68.9%, and 96.7% required resuscitation for >10 min...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049520/perceptions-and-experiences-of-using-a-nipple-shield-among-parents-and-staff-an-ethnographic-study-in-neonatal-units
#13
Renée Flacking, Fiona Dykes
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants have an immature sucking behavior and the capacity to be exclusively breastfed may be reduced for a period of weeks or months, depending on gestational age. Nipple shields have been used, not only as a device to help mothers with sore nipples, but also to facilitate the infant's latch on to the breast. However, the benefits of using nipple shields have been debated. The aim of this study was to explore perceptions and experiences of using a nipple shield among parents and staff in neonatal units in Sweden and England...
January 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049257/nasoenteric-tube-versus-jejunostomy-for-enteral-nutrition-feeding-following-major-upper-gastrointestinal-operations-a-meta-analysis
#14
Lidong Wang, Zhong Tian, Yuan Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Following major upper gastrointestinal surgical procedures, early enteral nutrition to the jejunum is strongly recommended, either through a nasoenteric tube or a percutaneous transperitoneal jejunal feeding tube (jejunostomy). However, to date there has been no consensus as to the best enteral feeding strategy. Our aim was to determine the safest and most efficacious early enteral nutrition supplement strategy following major upper gastrointestinal operations...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045426/deoxynivalenol-don-contamination-of-feed-and-grinding-fineness-are-there-interactive-implications-on-stomach-integrity-and-health-of-piglets
#15
Sven Dänicke, Andreas Beineke, Andreas Berk, Susanne Kersten
The common feed contaminant deoxynivalenol (DON) was reported to influence the morphology of the pars nonglandularis (PN) of porcine stomach. Moreover, finely ground feed is known to trigger the development of ulcers and other pathologies of PN while coarsely ground feed protects from such lesions. The interactions between grinding fineness and DON contamination of feed were not examined so far. Therefore, both finely and coarsely ground feeds were tested either in the absence or presence of a DON contaminated wheat on growth performance and health of rearing piglets, including stomach integrity...
January 1, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044031/tube-feeding-in-children
#16
Sarita Singhal, Susan S Baker, Georgina A Bojczuk, Robert D Baker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033524/advance-directives-and-mortality-rates-among-nursing-home-residents-in-taiwan-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study
#17
Hsiu-Hsin Tsai, Yun-Fang Tsai, Chia-Yih Liu
BACKGROUND: No data-based evidence is available regarding the best time for nursing home nurses to obtain residents' signatures on advance directives, especially for do-not-resuscitate directives, the most common type of advance directive. This information is needed to enhance the low prevalence of advance directives in Asian countries. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to understand (1) the timing between nursing home admission and signing a do-not-resuscitate directive, (2) the factors related to having a do-not-resuscitate directive, and (3) the association between having a do-not-resuscitate directive and nursing home residents' mortality in Taiwan...
December 15, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033074/preoperative-feeding-neonates-with-cardiac-disease
#18
Carly J Scahill, Eric M Graham, Andrew M Atz, Scott M Bradley, Minoo N Kavarana, Sinai C Zyblewski
BACKGROUND: The potential for necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in neonates requiring cardiac surgery has contributed largely to wide feeding practice variations and a hesitation to initiate enteral feeding during the preoperative period, specifically those patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of neonates undergoing cardiac surgery at a single institution between July 2011 and July 2013 was performed. The primary objective of this study was to determine if preoperative feeding was associated with NEC in neonates requiring cardiac surgery...
January 2017: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032354/end-of-life-treatment-decisions-in-nursing-home-residents-dying-with-dementia-in-the-netherlands
#19
Simone A Hendriks, Martin Smalbrugge, Luc Deliens, Raymond T C M Koopmans, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Cees M P M Hertogh, Jenny T van der Steen
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe end-of-life treatment decisions for patients dying with dementia in various stages of dementia in long-term care facilities in the Netherlands with elderly care physicians responsible for treatment and care. METHODS: We present data collected in the nationally representative Dutch End of Life in Dementia study (2007-2011). Within 2 weeks after death, 103 physicians completed questionnaires about the last phase of life in 330 residents with dementia who resided in 1 of 34 participating long-term care facilities...
December 29, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030411/electromagnetic-guided-bedside-placement-of-feeding-tubes-by-nurses-vs-endoscopic-placement-by-physicians
#20
Karen Rosenberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: American Journal of Nursing
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