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Humeral Fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430721/outcomes-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-proximal-humeral-fractures-primary-arthroplasty-versus-secondary-arthroplasty-following-failed-proximal-humeral-locking-plate-fixation
#1
Emilio Sebastia-Forcada, Alejandro Lizaur-Utrilla, Román Cebrian-Gomez, Francisco A Miralles-Muñoz, Fernando A Lopez-Prats
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) between patients with failed proximal humeral locking plate (PHLP) fixation and those with acute fractures. DESIGN: Matched case-control study. SETTING: University hospital, level I trauma center. PATIENTS: 30 consecutive patients with fracture sequelae due to failed PHLP fixation (mean age 73) were age- and gender-matched to 30 patients with acute fracture (mean age 75)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430703/evidence-based-recommendations-for-pediatric-orthopaedic-practice
#2
Kishore Mulpuri, Emily K Schaeffer, H Kerr Graham, Mininder S Kocher, James Sanders, Ira Zaltz
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based medicine has become the cornerstone to guide clinical practice decision-making. Evidence-based medicine integrates the strongest available evidence with clinical expertise to make decisions about clinical care. The quality of the evidence depends upon the soundness of the study methodology to allow for meaningful interpretation of the clinical results. The purpose of this review is to analyze the methodological design and clinical findings of published pediatric orthopaedic studies to determine their ability to change or influence clinical practice...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421293/failure-and-revision-rates-of-proximal-humeral-fracture-treatment-with-the-use-of-a-standardized-treatment-algorithm-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#3
Jan Christoph Katthagen, Meret Huber, Svenja Grabowski, Alexander Ellwein, Gunnar Jensen, Helmut Lill
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to evaluate treatment failure and revision rates of proximal humeral fracture (PHF) treatment with a standardized treatment algorithm within the reality of a level-1 trauma center and to identify predictors of subsequent surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical database of a level-1 trauma center was screened for all primary treatments of PHFs between January 2009 and June 2012. Medical records and imaging were analyzed to identify the fracture morphology, pre-existing diseases, revision surgeries and treatment failures (conversion to another treatment)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419036/emerging-u-s-national-trends-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures
#4
Joshua B Holt, Natalie A Glass, Nicholas A Bedard, Stuart L Weinstein, Apurva S Shah
BACKGROUND: Understanding national trends in the treatment of pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures will provide important insight into variations in regional treatment and identify areas for improving value and quality in care delivery in the U.S. METHODS: U.S. national trends in the treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures were evaluated through query of the Humana (2007 to 2014) and ING (2007 to 2011) administrative claims databases. Geographic variation and changes in surgical and transfer rates over time were further explored through the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) database (2006 to 2011)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417290/unilateral-external-fixator-in-the-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-results-of-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#5
M Basso, M Formica, L Cavagnaro, M Federici, M Lombardi, F Lanza, L Felli
BACKGROUND: The aim of our work is to evaluate and critically analyze long-term clinical and radiological data of a new unilateral external fixator (MIKAI KIT FEP©-Mikai S.p.A, Genoa, Italy), in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed 47 patients affected by humeral fractures that underwent surgery from July 2010 to March 2016 with unilateral external fixator. Demographic characteristics of the patients were recorded, which included age, sex and baseline comorbidities and mechanism of injury...
April 17, 2017: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416832/-minimally-invasive-plate-osteosynthesis-for-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-fractures-through-anterolateral-acromial-approach
#6
Q Zhang, N Sun, Q Huang, S W Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, surgical technique and effect of osteosynthesis for proximal humerus fractures through the minimal incision anterolateral acromion. METHODS: In this study, 32 patients of proximal humeral fractures were selected and treated through the minimal incision antero-lateral acromion between January 2012 and October 2014. Of these patients, there were 19 males and 13 females, with mean age 46 years old (range: 22-78 years). The mechanism of injury was a trauma of simple fall for 21 patients and motor vehicle accident for 11 patients...
April 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412105/how-bone-quality-may-influence-intraoperative-and-early-postoperative-problems-after-angular-stable-open-reduction-internal-fixation-of-proximal-humeral-fractures
#7
Christian Spross, Rebeca Zeledon, Vilijam Zdravkovic, Bernhard Jost
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of the deltoid tuberosity index (DTI), a simple radiographic tool has become available to measure bone mineral density of the proximal humerus. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of local bone mineral density on the early failure rate after angular stable open reduction-internal fixation of proximal humeral fractures (PHFs). METHODS: We retrospectively followed up all patients treated with angular stable implants for PHFs from 2007 to 2014...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412103/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-compared-with-hemiarthroplasty-in-the-treatment-of-acute-proximal-humeral-fractures
#8
Michael van der Merwe, Matthew J Boyle, Christopher M A Frampton, Craig M Ball
BACKGROUND: Complex proximal humeral fractures may require prosthetic replacement of the humeral head. Surgical options include reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) and shoulder hemiarthroplasty; however, the optimal technique remains controversial. The goal of this study was to compare functional outcomes and revision rates of RSA with hemiarthroplasty in patients with acute proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014, there were 218 patients who underwent RSA and 427 who underwent hemiarthroplasty for acute proximal humeral fractures identified through New Zealand Joint Registry records...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409214/-fractures-of-the-upper-limbs-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#9
P P Schmittenbecher
Fractures of the upper limbs are frequent and often need operative treatment in addition to a well-indicated conservative management. This depends on the maturity of the nearest growth plate and the local remodeling potential, which is dependent on age. Following conventional x‑ray imaging an individual prognostic growth analysis leads to the therapeutic decision. Around the elbow and the shaft of the forearm, criteria are stricter than near the shoulder or wrist. Gilchrist or Desault bandages as well as braces are adequate for most subcapital and humeral shaft fractures...
April 13, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409141/intrathoracic-fracture-dislocation-of-the-humerus-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Wilson Carlos Sola Junior, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos
Shoulder fracture-dislocations are uncommon. Those associated with intrathoracic dislocation are very rare conditions, resulting from high-energy trauma; usually, the affected limb is in an abduction position. In Brazil, there is only one report of a teenager with displacement of the epiphysis into the chest cavity; the present is the first adult patient report of intrathoracic dislocation of the humerus. The authors present the case of a patient female, aged 56 years, who was hit by motorcycle and thrown approximately 5 meters away...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405867/low-serum-magnesium-levels-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-fractures-a-long-term-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Setor Kwadzo Kunutsor, Michael Richard Whitehouse, Ashley William Blom, Jari Antero Laukkanen
Magnesium, which is an essential trace element that plays a key role in several cellular processes, is a major component of bone; however, its relationship with risk of major bone fractures is uncertain. We aimed to investigate the association of baseline serum magnesium concentrations with risk of incident fractures. We analyzed data on 2245 men aged 42-61 years in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease prospective cohort study, with the assessment of serum magnesium measurements and dietary intakes made at baseline...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405221/assessment-of-the-restriction-of-arm-elevation-after-intramedullary-fixation-for-proximal-humeral-fractures
#12
Hiroaki Inui, Katsuya Nobuhara
BACKGROUND: Nail protrusion is suspected as a reason for the restriction of arm elevation after antegrade nailing of proximal humeral fractures, although assessment of the restriction of the glenohumeral joint during arm elevation has been insufficient. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 30 shoulders with proximal humeral fractures in 29 cases were treated with Polarus short nails (Acumed, Beaverton, OR, USA). At a mean final follow-up of 14 months, clinical outcomes, bony union, alignment including retroversion of the head and entry points of the nails were evaluated...
April 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400879/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-3-and-4-part-fractures-of-the-humeral-head-in-the-elderly
#13
REVIEW
Ioannis Gigis, Alexandros Nenopoulos, Dimitrios Giannekas, Roderich Heikenfeld, Theodoros Beslikas, Ippokratis Hatzokos
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients present with severe comminution and osteoporotic bone quality. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty has lately been proven beneficial in treating patients with complex proximal humeral fractures. The above technique is recommended and has better results in elderly than in younger individuals. METHODS: We performed a literature search in the databases Pubmed, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane Library for published articles between 1970 and 2016 using the terms: proximal humerus fractures and reverse shoulder arthroplasty...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399323/short-stem-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-periprosthetic-type-a-fracture
#14
Bryan M Saltzman, Timothy Leroux, Michael J Collins, Thomas A Arns, Brian Forsythe
Alterations have been made over the years to the standard reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) prosthetic components in an effort to decrease adverse events; this has led to the advent of a short humeral stem prosthesis. To the authors' knowledge, there are no reports describing the complication of a traumatic periprosthetic Wright and Cofield classification type A fracture with use of a short metaphyseal humeral stem component for RTSA. The authors describe a 49-year-old woman with this pathology who was treated with open reduction and internal fixation using a proximal humerus locking plate, unicortical and bicortical screw fixation, and a cerclage wire construct without the need to violate the shoulder joint or revise components...
April 11, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391519/cortical-onlay-strut-allograft-with-cerclage-wiring-of-periprosthetic-fractures-of-the-humerus-without-stem-loosening-technique-and-preliminary-results
#15
André Thés, Shahnaz Klouche, Marine de Tienda, Thomas Bauer, Philippe Hardy
The goal of this study was to describe an internal fixation technique for periprosthetic humeral fractures using a cortical onlay strut allograft stabilized with cerclage wires and to evaluate the preliminary results of this approach. An anterolateral approach was used to direct access the fracture and to protect the radial nerve. The fracture was reduced with two forceps, under visual control. The fracture was surrounded by two hemicylinder tibial allografts, placed around the humerus with no prior reaming to create a "sarcophagus" system...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391440/paediatric-lateral-humeral-condylar-fracture-outcomes-at-twelve-years-follow-up-as-compared-with-age-and-sex-matched-paired-controls
#16
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Tytti Pokka, Sarita Victorzon, Eija-Leena Lindholm, Willy Serlo
INTRODUCTION: Lateral humeral condylar fractures are the second most common elbow fractures in children. We present the long-term clinical and radiographic results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All children (<16 years) in the geographic catchment area with lateral condylar fracture were asked to participate and 32 (76.2%) patients enrolled. Clinical and functional results are compared with randomly selected but age and sex matched normal controls at 12.4 years (range 10...
April 8, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388821/outcome-reporting-in-randomized-trials-for-shoulder-disorders-literature-review-to-inform-the-development-of-a-core-outcome-set
#17
Matthew J Page, Hsiaomin Huang, Arianne P Verhagen, Joel J Gagnier, Rachelle Buchbinder
Objectives To explore the outcome domains and measurement instruments reported across randomized trials of any interventions for various shoulder disorders. Methods We searched for shoulder trials included in Cochrane reviews published up to Issue 10, 2015, or indexed in PubMed between 2006 and 2015. Trials were eligible for inclusion if they focused on any intervention for rotator cuff disease, adhesive capsulitis, shoulder instability, glenohumeral or acromioclavicular osteoarthritis, shoulder dislocation, proximal humeral or humeral head fractures, or unspecified shoulder pain...
April 7, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384948/clinico-radiological-outcome-analysis-of-parallel-plating-with-perpendicular-plating-in-distal-humeral-intra-articular-fractures-prospective-randomised-study
#18
Ramachandran Govindasamy, Vishal Shekhawat, Ramesh Chandra Banshiwal, Rajender Kumar Verma
INTRODUCTION: The distal humeral fractures are common fractures of upper limb and are difficult to treat. These fractures, if left untreated or inadequately treated, leads to poor outcomes. Management of distal humeral fractures are pertained to many controversies and one among them is position of plates. AIM: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes in patients with intra-articular distal humerus fractures, treated using parallel and perpendicular double plating methods...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375900/an-excellent-study-of-operative-versus-nonoperative-treatment-of-humeral-shaft-fractures-commentary-on-an-article-by-fabio-teruo-matsunaga-md-phd-et-al-minimally-invasive-osteosynthesis-with-a-bridge-plate-versus-a-functional-brace-for-humeral-shaft-fractures
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375891/minimally-invasive-osteosynthesis-with-a-bridge-plate-versus-a-functional-brace-for-humeral-shaft-fractures-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Fabio Teruo Matsunaga, Marcel Jun Sugawara Tamaoki, Marcelo Hide Matsumoto, Nicola Archetti Netto, Flavio Faloppa, Joao Carlos Belloti
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative treatment has historically been considered the standard for fractures of the shaft of the humerus. Minimally invasive bridge-plate osteosynthesis for isolated humeral shaft fractures has been proven to be a safe technique, with good and reproducible results. This study was designed to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes between patients who had been treated with bridge plate osteosynthesis and those who had been managed nonoperatively with a functional brace...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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