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Humeral Fractures

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333947/surgical-interventions-to-treat-humerus-shaft-fractures-a-network-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#1
Jia-Guo Zhao, Jia Wang, Xiao-Hui Meng, Xian-Tie Zeng, Shi-Lian Kan
BACKGROUND: There are three main surgical techniques to treat humeral shaft fractures: open reduction and plate fixation (ORPF), intramedullary nail (IMN) fixation, and minimally invasive percutaneous osteosynthesis (MIPO). We performed a network meta-analysis to compare three surgical procedures, including ORPF, IMN fixation, and MIPO, to provide the optimum treatment for humerus shaft fractures. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, and Cochrane library were researched for reports published up to May 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330797/flexible-intramedullary-nailing-for-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-and-humeral-shaft-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-series-of-118-cases
#2
Zenon Pogorelić, Sanja Kadić, Klaudio Pjer Milunović, Irena Pintarić, Miro Jukić, Dubravko Furlan
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze outcomes of treatment and complications in children treated with flexible intramedullary nailing (FIN) due to humeral fracture. HYPOTHESIS: The FIN for treatment of humeral fractures in children would allow an early functional and cast-free follow-up with a quick pain reduction and low complication rate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2002 until May 2016 case records of all children who underwent fixation with titanium intramedulary nails because of humeral fracture were retrospectively reviewed...
March 19, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328742/treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-in-children-with-a-modified-palm-tree-technique
#3
Ayman M Ali, Sallam I Fawzy, Medhat Moaty, Mohamed Abelaziz
Although most pediatric proximal humeral fractures can be successfully treated conservatively with satisfactory results, many operative techniques have been described for the treatment of displaced proximal humeral fractures. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous fixation using a modified palm tree technique for proximal humerus fractures in children. Between March 2011 and May 2013, the modified palm tree technique was used for the management of 30 children (20 boys and 10 girls) with displaced proximal humeral fractures...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328740/comparison-of-the-lateral-and-posterior-approaches-in-the-treatment-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures
#4
Gökçer Uzer, Fatih Yildiz, Mehmet Elmadağ, Kerem Bilsel, Tunay Erden, Anil Pulatkan, Derya Çelik, Volkan Gürkan
This study explored the radiological, functional, and cosmetic results of treatment of supracondylar humeral fractures with open reduction and percutaneous pinning, comparing posterior triceps V-splitting (group I, n=22) and lateral (group II, n=25) approaches. The time to union, the functional and cosmetic results, and the flexor and extensor muscle strengths were measured and compared with the contralateral extremities. There were no statistical differences between the groups. The V-splitting posterior approach is as safe and effective as the lateral approach in the surgical treatment of pediatric supracondylar humeral fractures...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326443/radiological-clinical-and-functional-evaluation-using-the-quick-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire-of-children-with-medial-epicondyle-fractures-treated-surgically
#5
Federico Canavese, Lorenza Marengo, Alexandru Tiris, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antoine Samba, Antonio Andreacchio, Alain Dimeglio
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical, functional and radiographic outcomes of displaced medial epicondyle fractures with or without associated elbow dislocation in children undergoing surgical treatment and to evaluate upper-extremity function with the Quick Disbilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick DASH) questionnaire. The hypothesis was that patients with associated elbow dislocation would have similar functional outcome to patients with displaced fractures with or without intra-articular entrapment of the medial epicondyle...
March 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296515/risk-preferences-and-attitudes-to-surgery-in-decision-making
#6
Andreas Meunier, Kinga Posadzy, Gustav Tinghög, Per Aspenberg
Background and purpose - There is increasing evidence that several commonly performed surgical procedures provide little advantage over nonoperative treatment, suggesting that doctors may sometimes be inappropriately optimistic about surgical benefit when suggesting treatment for individual patients. We investigated whether attitudes to risk influenced the choice of operative treatment and nonoperative treatment. Methods - 946 Swedish orthopedic surgeons were invited to participate in an online survey. A radiograph of a 4-fragment proximal humeral fracture was presented together with 5 different patient characteristics, and the surgeons could choose between 3 different operative treatments and 1 nonoperative treatment...
March 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295125/treatment-of-locked-posterior-shoulder-dislocation-with-bone-defect
#7
Yousuf M Khira, Adel M Salama
Locked posterior shoulder dislocation is an uncommon condition and is associated with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion in 50% of cases. The condition is likely to occur in cases of violent trauma, seizures, or electric shock. Unrecognized dislocation with humeral head fracture affects joint function and humeral head vascularity and may lead to chronic instability, osteonecrosis, and osteoarthritis. A group of 12 patients, including 10 men and 2 women, with neglected locked posterior shoulder dislocation with a reverse Hill-Sachs lesion were treated with the modified McLaughlin technique...
March 14, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293910/surgical-treatment-of-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures-with-a-technique-of-nail-and-osteosuture-nos
#8
J Garret, H Houdré, M Cievet-Bonfils, Arnaud Godenèche, Fabrice Duparc, Xavier Roussignol
Open reduction and internal fixation of complex proximal humeral fracture represents a surgical challenge. The main objective of this procedure is to anatomically reduce the tuberosities. We propose a standardized and reproducible technique that we apply to all complex displaced 3- and 4-part fractures of patients under 50 years. We use an antero-lateral trans-deltoid approach; the humeral head and the tuberosities are reduced under fluoroscopic control. The tuberosities are stabilized with an inter-tuberosity osteosuture, and we then introduce a thin and straight intra-medullary nail (Telegraph IV FH Orthopedics) at the hinge point of the humeral head...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292485/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-versus-hemiarthroplasty-for-the-management-of-complex-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-the-elderly
#9
Georg Osterhoff, Nathan N O'Hara, Jennifer D'Cruz, Sheila A Sprague, Nick Bansback, Nathan Evaniew, Gerard P Slobogean
BACKGROUND: There is ongoing debate regarding the optimal surgical treatment of complex proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) compared with hemiarthroplasty (HA) in the management of complex proximal humeral fractures, using a cost-utility analysis. METHODS: On the basis of data from published literature, a cost-utility analysis was conducted using decision tree and Markov modeling...
March 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289904/shoulder-arthroscopy-combined-to-hardware-removal-in-proximal-humeral-fractures-a-series-of-58-cases-with-a-mean-follow-up-of-2%C3%A2-years
#10
Ch Maroun, D Aliani, A Hass, J D Werthel, Anne Vidil, Ph Valenti
BACKGROUND: Proximal humerus fractures are common injuries. Locking plates and anterograde medullary nails are the two most common fixation devices used when open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is indicated. Complications related to fracture and to hardware are numerous, especially shoulder stiffness. The goal of this study is to report the clinical outcomes of gleno-humeral arthroscopic arthrolysis combined with hardware removal. METHODS: A total of 58 patients (25 men, 33 women) with a mean age of 58 years (24-79) were reviewed retrospectively...
March 13, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286623/effective-management-of-bone-fractures-with-the-illuminoss%C3%A2-photodynamic-bone-stabilization-system-initial-clinical-experience-from-the-european-union-registry
#11
Thomas Gausepohl, Dietmar Pennig, Steffen Heck, Sascha Gick, Paul A Vegt, Jon E Block
The IlluminOss(®) system (IS) uses a light-curable polymer contained within an inflatable balloon catheter, forming a patient customized intramedullary implant. A registry was established in Germany and The Netherlands to prospectively collect technical and clinical outcomes in patients treated with IS for fractures of the phalange, metacarpal, radius, ulna, distal radius, fibula, clavicle and/or olecranon. Humeral, femoral, tibial and pelvic fractures were included under compassionate use. Procedural success included successful placement of the device at the target fracture site and achievement of fracture stabilization...
February 20, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280873/radial-nerve-palsy-in-humeral-shaft-fractures-with-internal-fixation-analysis-of-management-and-outcome
#12
T R Schwab, P F Stillhard, S Schibli, M Furrer, C Sommer
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of radial nerve injury after humeral shaft fractures is on average 11.8% (Shao et al., J Bone Jt Surg Br 87(12):1647-1652, 2005) representing the most common peripheral nerve injury associated with long bone fractures (Korompilias et al., Injury, 2013). The purpose of this study was to analyze our current policy and long-term outcome, regarding surgically treated humeral shaft fractures in combination with radial nerve palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients with surgically treated humeral shaft fractures from 01/01/2003 to 28/02/2013...
March 9, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275846/-erratum-to-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-the-elderly-quality-of-life-clinical-results-and-institutionalisation-following-primary-reverse-fracture-arthroplasty
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266698/complications-associated-with-pediatric-supracondylar-humeral-fractures
#14
Ernesto Del Valle-Hernández, Pablo A Marrero-Barrera, David Beaton, Dalibel Bravo, Sergio Santiago, Humberto Guzmán-Pérez, Nestor Ramos-Alconini
OBJECTIVE: To measure pediatric supracondylar fracture epidemiology, fracture rate, and complications in the island's pediatric population. The study aims to compare our results to the national rates reported in the literature. METHODS: In this retrospective record review we examined 330 patients who underwent open reduction internal fixation or closed reduction percutaneous pinning in pediatric supracondylar fractures at the University Pediatric Hospital of Puerto Rico Medical Center (HOPU)...
March 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255485/fixation-of-a-proximal-humeral-fracture-using-a-novel-intramedullary-cage-construct-following-a-failed-conservative-treatment
#15
John Macy
A majority of proximal humeral fractures are preferably treated conservatively. However, surgical management may be beneficial in proximal humeral fractures with significant displacement or angulation. Unfortunately, the complication rates associated with current surgical procedures for fracture fixation, ORIF and IM devices, can be unacceptably high. A new technology, termed the PH Cage, addresses the technical limitations associated with current technologies available for fixation of proximal humeral fractures...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251295/management-of-pin-tract-infection-in-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures-a-comparative-study-of-three-methods
#16
Di Lu, Te Wang, Hua Chen, Liao-Jun Sun
The objective of this study was to prospectively compare the incidence of pin tract infection in pediatric supracondylar humerus fractures managed with pin care daily or every other day or weekly. We hypothesized that there were some differences between these three methods. From June 2012 to May 2015, 135 children with supracondylar humerus fractures were randomized to postoperative pin care by cleaning pin tracts daily (group A, 45 cases) or cleaning every 2 days (group B, 45 cases) or cleaning weekly (group C, 45 cases)...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247610/-operative-versus-non-operative-treatment-for-three-or-four-part-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-elderly-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Wenbo Li, Gaoheng Ding, Jun Liu, Jie Shi, Chao Zhang, Qiuming Gao
Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of operative and non-operative treatment for three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients by meta-analysis. Methods: The literature search was performed in Cochrance Library, Medline, Embase, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang data and CQVIP databases for operative and non-operative treatment of three- or four-part proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients, and searches of conference proceedings were also conducted. The data were extracted and a meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245852/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-the-elderly-reshape-trial-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-combined-randomised-controlled-and-observational-trial
#18
Geoffrey C S Smith, Ed Bateman, Ben Cass, Maurizio Damiani, Wade Harper, Hugh Jones, David Lieu, Jeff Petchell, Minas Petrelis, Kalman Piper, Doron Sher, Christopher J Smithers, John Trantalis, Sindy Vrancic, Ian A Harris
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral fractures are common in older patients. The majority are minimally displaced and are associated with good outcomes after nonoperative treatment. Poorer outcomes are associated with displaced, multipart fractures. There is no clear benefit from surgical fracture fixation compared to nonoperative treatment. Replacement of the fractured humeral head with a hemiarthroplasty is another treatment option, but has not been shown to be clearly superior to nonoperative treatment or internal fixation...
February 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244924/humerus-lengthening-with-the-precice-internal-lengthening-nail
#19
Anton M Kurtz, S Robert Rozbruch
BACKGROUND: Deformity and growth arrest of the humerus in children may result as sequelae of proximal humerus fractures and unicameral bone cysts, or as complications of their treatment. As approximately 80% of the growth of the humerus arises from the proximal physis, the resultant upper limb-length discrepancy can be substantial. Benefits to lengthening the shortened arm have been previously demonstrated with the use of external fixation devices. To our knowledge, no reports have been published on the use of intramedullary implants for this purpose...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238043/cementless-and-locked-prosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-3-part-and-4-part-proximal-humerus-fractures-prospective-clinical-evaluation-of-hemi-and-reverse-arthroplasty
#20
E Boyer, G Menu, F Loisel, R Saadnia, J Uhring, A Adam, S Rochet, P Clappaz, E Baudouin, T Lascar, R Cermeno, L Obert
INTRODUCTION: Cemented stem remains the gold standard for prosthesis in trauma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes of a cementless, trauma-specific locked stem (hemi and reverse) for 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four 3- and 4-part fractures have been treated by locked stem, 69 with hemiarthroplasty [mean age 68 years (50-90)] and 65 with reversed [mean age 78 years (66-91)]...
February 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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