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Mobility bands

Anna Friedrichs, Julia Anke Busch, Hendrik Jan van der Woerd, Oliver Zielinski
In order to increase the monitoring capabilities of inland and coastal waters, there is a need for new, affordable, sensitive and mobile instruments that could be operated semi-automatically in the field. This paper presents a prototype device to measure chlorophyll a fluorescence: the SmartFluo. The device is a combination of a smartphone offering an intuitive operation interface and an adapter implying a cuvette holder, as well as a suitable illumination source. SmartFluo is based on stimulated fluorescence of water constituents such as chlorophyll a...
March 25, 2017: Sensors
Fausto D'Apuzzo, Alba R Piacenti, Flavio Giorgianni, Marta Autore, Mariangela Cestelli Guidi, Augusto Marcelli, Ulrich Schade, Yoshikazu Ito, Mingwei Chen, Stefano Lupi
Two-dimensional (2D) graphene emerged as an outstanding material for plasmonic and photonic applications due to its charge-density tunability, high electron mobility, optical transparency and mechanical flexibility. Recently, novel fabrication processes have realised a three-dimensional (3D) nanoporous configuration of high-quality monolayer graphene which provides a third dimension to this material. In this work, we investigate the optical behaviour of nanoporous graphene by means of terahertz and infrared spectroscopy...
March 27, 2017: Nature Communications
Elodie Dubois, Frederic Teboul, Thomas Bihel, Jean-N Goubier
Injuries to the central slip of the extensor mechanism can lead to a Boutonniere deformity with important functional consequences. We report a series of 11 patients treated by lengthening-dorsalizing the lateral bands and tightening the central slip with early mobilization. The average age of the patients was 42 years (14;52). The extension defect of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint was 64 degrees (80;55) and the hyperextension of the distal interphalangeal joint was 10 degrees (15;5). The surgery was performed with peripheral nerve block (sensitive), allowing dynamic adjustment of the tendinous sutures...
March 23, 2017: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
Yurim Shin, Chang Eun Song, Woo-Hyung Lee, Sang Kyu Lee, Won Suk Shin, In-Nam Kang
A new acceptor-donor-acceptor (A-D-A) small molecule based on benzodithiophene (BDT) and diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) is synthesized via a Stille cross-coupling reaction. A highly conjugated selenophene-based side group is incorporated into each BDT unit to generate a 2D soluble small molecule (SeBDT-DPP). SeBDT-DPP thin films produce two distinct absorption peaks. The shorter wavelength absorption (400 nm) is attributed to the BDT units containing conjugated selenophene-based side groups, and the longer wavelength band is due to the intramolecular charge transfer between the BDT donor and the DPP acceptor...
March 21, 2017: Macromolecular Rapid Communications
Gregor Žerjav, Muhammad Shahid Arshad, Petar Djinović, Ita Junkar, Janez Kovač, Janez Zavašnik, Albin Pintar
The as-synthesized TiO2 nanorods a-TNR (amorphous TiO2 layer covering the crystalline anatase TiO2 core) and TNR (fully crystalline anatase TiO2) were decorated with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to synthesize two series of TiO2 + rGO composites with different nominal loadings of GO (from 4 to 20 wt%). The structural, surface and electronic properties of the obtained TiO2 + rGO composites were analyzed and correlated to their performance in the photocatalytic oxidation of aqueous bisphenol A solution. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses revealed that charge separation in TiO2 + rGO composites is improved due to the perfect matching of TiO2 and rGO valence band maxima (VBM)...
March 21, 2017: Nanoscale
Jie Guan, Hsun-Jen Chuang, Zhixian Zhou, David Tománek
In search of an improved strategy to form low-resistance contacts to semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides, we combine ab initio density functional electronic structure calculations for an NbSe2/WSe2 interface with quantum transport measurements of the corresponding heterojunction between a few-layer WSe2 semiconductor and a metallic NbSe2 layer. Our theoretical results suggest that, besides a rigid band shift associated with charge transfer, the presence of NbSe2 does not modify the electronic structure of WSe2...
March 23, 2017: ACS Nano
HyeongU Kim, Juhyun Son, Atul Kulkarni, Chisung Ahn, Ki Seok Kim, Dongjoo Shin, Geun Yeom, Taesung Kim
Molybdenum oxide (MoO<sub>3</sub>) has gained immense attention because of its high electron mobility, wide band gap, and excellent optical and catalytic properties. However, the synthesis of uniform and large-area MoO<sub>3</sub> is challenging. Here, we report the synthesis of wafer-scale α-MoO3 by plasma oxidation of Mo-deposited on Si/SiO<sub>2</sub>. Mo was oxidized by O<sub>2</sub> plasma in a plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) system at 150 °C...
March 20, 2017: Nanotechnology
Daniel Jänsch, Ivan Ivanov, Yulian Zagranyarski, Ivana Duznovic, Martin Baumgarten, Dimitry Turchinovich, Chen Li, Mischa Bonn, Klaus Müllen
Soluble ultra-narrow armchair graphene nanoribbons (AGNRs) with length of ≈20 nm and completely fused cores exceeding 5 nm in length, pronounced near-infrared (NIR) absorption up to 1400 nm, and a low band gap (≈0.9 eV) are synthesized from 3,9(3,10)-dibromoperylene and 3,4,9,10-tetrabromoperylene. Since the monomers are obtained from perylene carboxyanhydrides, a remarkable link between dye and graphene chemistry is established. The two-step protocol for the AGNR synthesis by aryl-aryl coupling and subsequent cyclodehydrogenation is compared with a direct Yamamoto polymerization...
March 20, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Zhibin Yang, Wenjing Jie, Chun-Hin Mak, Shenghuang Lin, Huihong Lin, Xianfeng Yang, Feng Yan, Shu Ping Lau, Jianhua Hao
Large-scale synthesis of two-dimensional (2D) materials is one of the significant issues for fabricating layered materials into practical devices. As one of the typical III-VI semiconductors, InSe has attracted much attention due to its outstanding electrical transport property, attractive quantum physics characteristics and dramatic photoresponse when it is reduced to atomic scale. However, scalable synthesis of single phase 2D InSe has not yet been achieved so far, greatly hindering further fundamental studies and device applications...
March 19, 2017: ACS Nano
Nejal M Bhatt, Vijay D Chavada, Mallika Sanyal, Pranav S Shrivastav
A simple, accurate and precise high-performance thin-layer chromatographic method has been developed and validated for the analysis of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and their co-formulated drugs, available as binary combination. Planar chromatographic separation was achieved using a single mobile phase comprising of toluene: iso-propranol: acetone: ammonia 5.0:2.3:2.5:0.2 (v/v/v/v) for the analysis of 14 analytes on aluminium-backed layer of silica gel 60 FG254. Densitometric determination of the separated spots was done at 290nm...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
Menglu Chen, Philippe Guyot-Sionnest
The absolute positions of the energy levels of colloidal quantum dots of Hg(S, Se, Te), which are of interest as mid-infrared materials, are determined by electrochemistry. The bulk valence bands are at -5.85, -5.50, and -4.77 eV (±0.05 eV) for zinc-blend HgS, HgSe, HgTe, respectively, in the same order as the anions p-orbital energies. The conduction bands are conversely at -5.20, -5.50, and -4.77 eV. The stable ambient n-doping of Hg(S, Se) quantum dots compared to HgTe arises because the conduction band is sufficiently lower than the measured environment Fermi level of ∼ -4...
March 21, 2017: ACS Nano
P Gierer, A Wichelhaus, R Rotter
OBJECTIVE: Fractures of the olecranon are the most common fractures of the elbow in adults. Due to the dislocating force of the triceps muscle, internal fixation is the treatment of choice. INDICATIONS: All fractures of the olecranon without contraindications. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Infection and severe soft tissue damage. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Dorsal approach to the olecranon with the patient in a prone position. Open reduction and internal fixation with tension band wiring or plate fixation according to fracture pattern...
March 16, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Stefan Ilic, Marija R Zoric, Usha Pandey Kadel, Yunjing Huang, Ksenija D Glusac
Metal-free motifs, such as graphitic carbon nitride, conjugated polymers, and doped nanostructures, are emerging as a new class of Earth-abundant materials for solar fuel devices. Although these metal-free structures show great potential, detailed mechanistic understanding of their performance remains limited. Here, we review important experimental and theoretical findings relevant to the role of metal-free motifs as either photoelectrodes or electrocatalysts. First, the light-harvesting characteristics of metal-free photoelectrodes (band energetics, exciton binding energies, charge carrier mobilities and lifetimes) are discussed and contrasted with those in traditional inorganic semiconductors (such as Si)...
March 15, 2017: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
Jiangwei Liu, Yasuo Koide
Diamond is regarded as a promising material for fabrication of high-power and high-frequency electronic devices due to its remarkable intrinsic properties, such as wide band gap energy, high carrier mobility, and high breakdown field. Meanwhile, since diamond has good biocompatibility, long-term durability, good chemical inertness, and a large electron-chemical potential window, it is a suitable candidate for the fabrication of biosensors. Here, we demonstrate the fabrication of hydrogenated diamond (H-diamond) based metal-insulator-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MISFETs)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kathryn Ibbotson, Joshua Yell, Patrick T Ronaldson
BACKGROUND: Strategies to maintain BBB integrity in diseases with a hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) component involve preventing glutathione (GSH) loss from endothelial cells. GSH efflux transporters include multidrug resistance proteins (Mrps). Therefore, characterization of Mrp regulation at the BBB during H/R is required to advance these transporters as therapeutic targets. Our goal was to investigate, in vivo, regulation of Abcc1, Abcc2, and Abcc4 mRNA expression (i.e., genes encoding Mrp isoforms that transport GSH) by nuclear factor E2-related factor (Nrf2) using a well-established H/R model...
March 16, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
Dongyoon Khim, Yen-Hung Lin, Sungho Nam, Hendrik Faber, Kornelius Tetzner, Ruipeng Li, Qiang Zhang, Jun Li, Xixiang Zhang, Thomas D Anthopoulos
This paper reports the controlled growth of atomically sharp In2 O3 /ZnO and In2 O3 /Li-doped ZnO (In2 O3 /Li-ZnO) heterojunctions via spin-coating at 200 °C and assesses their application in n-channel thin-film transistors (TFTs). It is shown that addition of Li in ZnO leads to n-type doping and allows for the accurate tuning of its Fermi energy. In the case of In2 O3 /ZnO heterojunctions, presence of the n-doped ZnO layer results in an increased amount of electrons being transferred from its conduction band minimum to that of In2 O3 over the interface, in a process similar to modulation doping...
March 15, 2017: Advanced Materials
Catherine R Rajamathi, Uttam Gupta, Nitesh Kumar, Hao Yang, Yan Sun, Vicky Süß, Chandra Shekhar, Marcus Schmidt, Horst Blumtritt, Peter Werner, Binghai Yan, Stuart Parkin, Claudia Felser, C N R Rao
The search for highly efficient and low-cost catalysts is one of the main driving forces in catalytic chemistry. Current strategies for the catalyst design focus on increasing the number and activity of local catalytic sites, such as the edge sites of molybdenum disulfides in the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Here, the study proposes and demonstrates a different principle that goes beyond local site optimization by utilizing topological electronic states to spur catalytic activity. For HER, excellent catalysts have been found among the transition-metal monopnictides-NbP, TaP, NbAs, and TaAs-which are recently discovered to be topological Weyl semimetals...
March 15, 2017: Advanced Materials
Guannan Yin, Jiaxin Ma, Hong Jiang, Juan Li, Dong Yang, Fei Gao, Jinghui Zeng, Zhike Liu, Shengzhong Frank Liu
The conduction band energy, conductivity, mobility, and electronic trap states of electron transport layer (ETL) are very important to the efficiency and stability of a planar perovskite solar cell (PSC). However, as the most widely used ETL, TiO2 often needs to be prepared under high temperature and has unfavorable electrical properties such as low conductivity and high electronic trap states. Modifications such as elemental doping are effective methods for improving the electrical properties of TiO2 and the performance of PSCs...
March 20, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Victor A Brotsman, Vitaliy A Ioutsi, Alexey V Rybalchenko, Vitaliy Yu Markov, Nikita M Belov, Natalia S Lukonina, Sergey I Troyanov, Ilya N Ioffe, Vasiliy A Trukhanov, Galina K Galimova, Artur A Mannanov, Dmitry N Zubov, Erhard Kemnitz, Lev N Sidorov, Tatiana V Magdesieva, Dmitry Yu Paraschuk, Alexey A Goryunkov
A series of novel highly soluble double-caged [60]fullerene derivatives were prepared by means of lithium salt-assisted [2+3]-cycloaddition. The bispheric molecules feature rigid linking of the fullerene spheres via a four-membered cycle and a pyrrolizidine bridge with an ester function CO2R (R=n-decyl, n-octadecyl, benzyl, and n-butyl: compounds 1a-d, respectively), as demonstrated by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. Cyclic voltammetry studies revealed three closely overlapping pairs of reversible peaks due to consecutive one-electron reductions of fullerene cages, as well as an irreversible oxidation peak attributed to abstraction of an electron from the nitrogen lone electron pair...
March 9, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Katie A Edwards, Ricki Korff, Antje J Baeumner
Clinical and environmental analyses frequently necessitate rapid, simple, and inexpensive point-of-care or field tests. These semiquantitative tests may be later followed up by confirmatory laboratory-based assays, but provide an initial scenario assessment important for resource mobilization and threat confinement. Lateral-flow assays (LFAs) and dip-stick assays, which are typically antibody-based and yield a visually detectable signal, provide an assay format suiting these applications extremely well. Signal generation is commonly obtained through the use of colloidal gold or latex beads, which yield a colored band either directly proportional or inversely proportional to the concentration of the analyte of interest...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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