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Mobility bands

Wenwen Lin, Constantinos C Stoumpos, Oleg Y Kontsevoi, Zhifu Liu, Yihui He, Sanjib Das, Yadong Xu, Kyle M McCall, Bruce W Wessels, Mercouri G Kanatzidis
Cu2I2Se6 is a new wide-bandgap semiconductor with high stability and great potential towards hard radiation and photon detection. Cu2I2Se6 crystallizes in the rhombohedral R3 ̅m space group with a density of d = 5.287 g·cm-3 and a wide bandgap Eg of 1.95 eV. First-principles electronic band structure calculations at the density functional theory level indicate an indirect bandgap and a low electron effective mass me* of 0.32. The congruently melting compound was grown in centimeter-size Cu2I2Se6 single crystals using a vertical Bridgman method...
January 14, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Lauren E Beaton, Sheeva Azma, Ksenija Marinkovic
Despite the subjective experience of being in full and deliberate control of our actions, our daily routines rely on a continuous and interactive engagement of sensory evaluation and response preparation streams. They unfold automatically and unconsciously and are seamlessly integrated with cognitive control which is mobilized by stimuli that evoke ambiguity or response conflict. Methods with high spatio-temporal sensitivity are needed to provide insight into the interplay between automatic and controlled processing...
2018: PloS One
Molly M Crenshaw, Cara G Goerlich, Lauren E Ivey, Julie C Sapp, Kim M Keppler-Noreuil, Allison C Scott, Leslie G Biesecker, Laura L Tosi
INTRODUCTION: Proteus syndrome (PS) is a rare mosaic disorder comprising asymmetric bony and soft tissue overgrowth leading to significant morbidity. Placement of growth inhibition hardware with subsequent epiphyseal arrest improves leg-length and angular deformities in pediatric patients without PS. The purpose of this study was to review the surgical approach and present outcomes, complications, and recommendations in 8 patients with PS and leg-length discrepancy (LLD). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 8 patients with PS whose primary reason for surgery was LLD...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Bing Wang, Xianghong Niu, Yixin Ouyang, Qionghua Zhou, Jinlan Wang
High carrier mobility and moderate band gap are two key properties of electronic device applications. Two ultrathin two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors, namely Bi2Te2S and Bi2Te2Se nanosheets, with novel electronic and optical properties are predicted based on first-principles calculations. The Bi2Te2S and Bi2Te2Se monolayers own moderate band gaps (~ 0.7 eV) and high electronic mobilities (20000 cm2V-1s-1); and they can absorb sunlight efficiently through the whole incident solar spectrum. Meanwhile, layer-dependent exponential decay band gaps are also unveiled...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Xiaobiao Liu, Xiaofei Shao, Bo Yang, Mingwen Zhao
The diverse forms of silicon carbides lead to versatile properties, but an auxetic allotrope at zero pressure has never been reported. Here, using first-principles calculations we propose a two-dimensional (2D) auxetic silicon carbide material, namely SiC6 siligraphene. The plausibility of the SiC6 siligraphene is verified by the low formation energy, positive phonon spectrum and high mechanical stability. The unique framework of sp2 carbon and sp3 silicon atoms leads to unusual in-plane negative Poisson's ratios and electronic properties superior to both graphene and silicene...
January 11, 2018: Nanoscale
Hang Qian, Hao Tong, Ming-Ze He, Hong-Kai Ji, Ling-Jun Zhou, Ming Xu, Xiang-Shui Miao
The tunable disorder of vacancies upon annealing is an important character of crystalline phase-change material Ge2Sb2Te5 (GST). A variety of resistance states caused by different degrees of disorder can lead to the development of multilevel memory devices, which could bring a revolution to the memory industry by significantly increasing the storage density and inspiring the neuromorphic computing. This work focuses on the study of disorder-induced carrier localization which could result in multiple resistance levels of crystalline GST...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
Seung Jun Lee, Yoon Jin Jang, Han Joon Kim, Eun Suk Hwang, Seok Min Jeon, Jun Shik Kim, Taehwan Moon, Kyung-Tae Jang, Young-Chang Joo, Deok-Yong Cho, Cheol Seong Hwang
P-Type SnO thin films were deposited on Si substrate by a co-sputtering process using ce-ramic SnO and metal Sn targets at room temperature without adding oxygen. By varying the DC sputtering power applied to the Sn target while maintaining the RF power to the SnO target constant, the Sn:O ratio could vary from 56:44 to 74:26 at the as-deposited state. After the thermal annealing at 180 oC for 25 min under air atmosphere using a microwave annealing system, the films were crystallized into the tetragonal SnO while the Sn:O ratio became from 44:56 to 57:43...
January 11, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Segun I Popoola, Aderemi A Atayero, Nasir Faruk
The behaviour of radio wave signals in a wireless channel depends on the local terrain profile of the propagation environments. In view of this, Received Signal Strength (RSS) of transmitted signals are measured at different points in space for radio network planning and optimization. However, these important data are often not publicly available for wireless channel characterization and propagation model development. In this data article, RSS data of a commercial base station operating at 900 and 1800 MHz were measured along three different routes of Lagos-Badagry Highway, Nigeria...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Nils E R Zimmermann, Daniel C Hannah, Ziqin Rong, Miao Liu, Gerbrand Ceder, Maciej Haranczyk, Kristin Persson
We report on a scheme for estimating intercalant jump-diffusion barriers that are typically obtained from demanding density functional theory-nudged elastic band calculations. The key idea is to relax a chain of states in the field of the electrostatic potential that is averaged over a spherical volume using different finite-size ion models. For magnesium migrating in typical intercalation materials such as transition-metal oxides, we find that the optimal model is a relatively large shell. This data-driven result parallels typical assumptions made in models based on Onsager's reaction field theory to quantitatively estimating electrostatic solvent effects...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Qian Ma, He-Mei Zheng, Yan Shao, Bao Zhu, Wen-Jun Liu, Shi-Jin Ding, David Wei Zhang
Atomic-layer-deposition (ALD) of In2O3 nano-films has been investigated using cyclopentadienyl indium (InCp) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) as precursors. The In2O3 films can be deposited preferentially at relatively low temperatures of 160-200 °C, exhibiting a stable growth rate of 1.4-1.5 Å/cycle. The surface roughness of the deposited film increases gradually with deposition temperature, which is attributed to the enhanced crystallization of the film at a higher deposition temperature. As the deposition temperature increases from 150 to 200 °C, the optical band gap (Eg) of the deposited film rises from 3...
January 9, 2018: Nanoscale Research Letters
Sherman Jun Rong Tan, Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Leiqiang Chu, Sock Mui Poh, Yanpeng Liu, Jiong Lu, Wei Chen, Kian Ping Loh
Black phosphorus (BP) exhibits thickness-dependent band gap and high electronic mobility. The chemical intercalation of BP with alkali metal has attracted attention recently due to the generation of universal superconductivity regardless of the type of alkali metals. However, both ultrathin BP, as well as alkali metal-intercalated BP, are highly unstable and corrode rapidly under ambient conditions. This study demonstrates that alkali metal hydride intercalation decouples monolayer to few layers BP from the bulk BP, allowing an optical gap of ≈1...
January 3, 2018: Advanced Materials
Weon Ho Shin, Jong Wook Roh, Byungki Ryu, Hye Jung Chang, Hyun Sik Kim, Soonil Lee, Won-Seon Seo, Kyunghan Ahn
It has been in difficulty in forming well-distributed nano- and meso-sized inclusions in a Bi2Te3-based matrix and thereby realizing no degradation of carrier mobility at interfaces between matrix and inclusions for high thermoelectric performances. Herein, we successfully synthesize multi-structured thermoelectric Bi0.4Sb1.6Te3 materials with Fe-rich nano-precipitates and sub-micron sized FeTe2 inclusions by a conventional solid state reaction followed by melt-spinning and spark plasma sintering that could be a facile preparation method for scale-up production...
January 5, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xin Wei, Chaofang Dong, Aoni Xu, Xiaogang Li, Digby D Macdonald
Thin-layer indium selenide (InSe) compounds, as two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors, have been widely and intensively studied due to their high electron mobility and environmental stability. Here, we report a study demonstrating the oxygen-induced degradation of monolayer and bilayer InSe nanosheets using first-principles calculations and deformation potential theory. It is evident that O atoms prefer to substitute Se atoms instead of undergoing adsorption onto surfaces, while interstitial sites are the most stable adsorption sites of O atoms in the interior for both monolayer and bilayer InSe...
January 5, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Margaret M Band, Deepa Sumukadas, Allan D Struthers, Alison Avenell, Peter T Donnan, Paul R Kemp, Karen T Smith, Cheryl L Hume, Adrian Hapca, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia (the age-related loss of muscle mass and function) is a major contributor to loss of mobility, falls, loss of independence, morbidity and mortality in older people. Although resistance training is effective in preventing and reversing sarcopenia, many older people are sedentary and either cannot or do not want to exercise. This trial examines the efficacy of supplementation with the amino acid leucine and/or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition to potentially improve muscle mass and function in people with sarcopenia...
January 4, 2018: Trials
Ian G McKendry, Akila C Thenuwara, Samantha L Shumlas, Haowei Peng, Yaroslav V Aulin, Parameswara Rao Chinnam, Eric Borguet, Daniel R Strongin, Michael J Zdilla
The effect on the electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER) of cobalt incorporation into the metal oxide sheets of the layered manganese oxide birnessite was investigated. Birnessite and cobalt-doped birnessite were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, and conductivity measurements. A cobalt:manganese ratio of 1:2 resulted in the most active catalyst for the OER. In particular, the overpotential (η) for the OER was 420 mV, significantly lower than the η = 780 mV associated with birnessite in the absence of Co...
January 4, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Hendrik Hellmers, Zakaria Kasmi, Abdelmoumen Norrdine, Andreas Eichhorn
In recent years, a variety of real-time applications benefit from services provided by localization systems due to the advent of sensing and communication technologies. Since the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) enables localization only outside buildings, applications for indoor positioning and navigation use alternative technologies. Ultra Wide Band Signals (UWB), Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN), ultrasonic or infrared are common examples. However, these technologies suffer from fading and multipath effects caused by objects and materials in the building...
January 4, 2018: Sensors
Hong-Sik Kim, Malkeshkumar Patel, Joondong Kim, Mun Seok Jeong
This work describes the wafer-scale standing growth of (002)-plane-oriented layers of WS2 and their suitability for use in self-biased broadband high-speed photodetection. The WS2 layers are grown using large-scale sputtering, and the effects of the processing parameters such as the deposition temperature, time, and sputtering power are studied. The structural, physical, chemical, optical, and electrical properties of the WS2 samples are also investigated. Based on the broadband light absorption and high-speed in-plane carrier transport characteristics of the WS2 layers, a self-biased broadband high-speed photodetector is fabricated by forming a type-II heterojunction...
January 4, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sai Gokul Subraveti, Petr Nikrityuk, Arvind Rajendran
Axi-symmetric numerical simulations are carried out to study the dynamics of a plug introduced through a mixed-stream injection in supercritical fluid chromatographic columns. The computational fluid dynamics model developed in this work takes into account both the hydrodynamics and adsorption equilibria to describe the phenomena of viscous fingering and plug effect that contribute to peak distortions in mixed-stream injections. The model was implemented into commercial computational fluid dynamics software using user-defined functions...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Ahmad Tayyebi, Tayyebeh Soltani, Hyeonseon Hong, Byeong-Kyu Lee
Due to visible light absorption and photochemical stability, Bismuth vanadate (BiVO4), recognized to be a promising photoanodes for designing high efficiency semiconductor photoelectrochemical (PEC) devices. To improve the photocatalytic and PEC performance of BiVO4, the porous monoclinic BiVO4 with surface bismuth vacancy (Bi1-xVO4 (s-m)) was obtained after the calcination of tetrahedron bismuth vanadate (BiVO4 (s-t)). The photocatalytic experiments showed that despite the relatively lower adsorption capacity of Bi1-xVO4 (s-m) as compared with BiVO4 (s-t), its photocatalytic activity for the photodegradation of tetracyclines (TCs) was 15-fold greater...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Rui Lei, Hongwei Ni, Rongsheng Chen, Huazhi Gu, Bowei Zhang, Weiting Zhan
As an n-type semiconductor with an excellent physicochemical properties, iron oxide (Fe2O3) has been extensively used in the fields of environmental pollution control and solar energy conversion. However, the high recombination rate of the photoinduced electron-hole pairs and poor charge mobility for Fe2O3 nanomaterial generally result in low photocatalytic efficiency. Herein, an uniform CdS nanorods grown directly on one-dimensional α-Fe2O3 nanotube arrays (NTAs) are successfully synthesized by a facile hydrothermal method and the constructed heterojunction can be a kind of efficient and recyclable photocatalysts...
December 24, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
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