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Mobility bands

Xianghong Niu, Yunhai Li, QiongHua Zhou, Huabing Shu, Jinlan Wang
Constructing suitable type II heterostructures is a reliable solution for high-efficient photovoltaic and photocatalytic materials. Arsenene, as a rising member of mono-elemental two-dimensional materials, shows great potential as a building block of heterostructures due to its suitable band gap, high carrier mobility and good optical properties. Based on accurate band structure calculations by combining many-body perturbation GW method with an extrapolation technique, we demonstrate that arsenene-based heterostructures paired with molybdenum disulfide, tetracyano-quinodimethane or tetracyanonaphtho-quinodimethane can form type-II band alignments...
November 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Areej M Al-Taweel, Ghada A Fawzy, Shagufta Perveen, Perwez Alam, Ali A El Gamal
A chromone glucoside 2-methyl-5,7-dihydroxychromone 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (schumanniofioside A, compound 1) was isolated from the methanol extract of Acalypha fruticosa. The structure of compound 1 was fully assigned based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) ((1)H, (13)C and 2D) spectra and electrospray ionization mass spectrum (ESI-MS) in addition to X-ray Crystallography. The molecules were packed in the crystal structure by eight intermolecular O-H⋯O and C-H⋯O interactions. The structure of compound 1 belongs to monoclinic, P21, a = 9...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Nitesh Kumar, Yan Sun, Nan Xu, Kaustuv Manna, Mengyu Yao, Vicky Süss, Inge Leermakers, Olga Young, Tobias Förster, Marcus Schmidt, Horst Borrmann, Binghai Yan, Uli Zeitler, Ming Shi, Claudia Felser, Chandra Shekhar
The peculiar band structure of semimetals exhibiting Dirac and Weyl crossings can lead to spectacular electronic properties such as large mobilities accompanied by extremely high magnetoresistance. In particular, two closely neighboring Weyl points of the same chirality are protected from annihilation by structural distortions or defects, thereby significantly reducing the scattering probability between them. Here we present the electronic properties of the transition metal diphosphides, WP2 and MoP2, which are type-II Weyl semimetals with robust Weyl points by transport, angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy and first principles calculations...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
Daniel B Lunn, Young J Yun, James W Jorgenson
The study of metabolites in biological samples is of high interest for a wide range of biological and pharmaceutical applications. Reversed phase liquid chromatography is a common technique used for the separation of metabolites, but it provides little retention for polar metabolites. An alternative to C18 bonded phases, porous graphitic carbon has the ability to provide significant retention for both non-polar and polar analytes. The goal of this work is to study the retention and effective diffusion properties of porous graphitic carbon, to see if it is suitable for the wide injection bands and long run times associated with long, packed capillary-scale separations...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Rachel D Wheeler, Liqun Zhang, Joanna Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Some iodinated radio-contrast media absorb UV light and can therefore be detected by capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE). If seen, these peaks are typically small with "quantifications" of below 5g/L. Here we describe detection of a large peak on CZE that was due to the radio-contrast agent, Omnipaque(T)(M). METHODS: Serum from a patient was analysed by CZE, and the IgG, IgA, IgM and total protein concentrations were measured. The serum sample was further analysed by gel electrophoresis and immunofixation...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
David Fleischman, Bryan Kim
Surgical management of elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) in an eye with scarred conjunctiva, an encircling band, and silicone oil has limited options. By combining the flow restrictor of the Ahmed Glaucoma Valve (New World Medical, Rancho Cucamonga, California) and the capsule of the encircling band as a conduit for aqueous flow, immediate pressure reduction could theoretically be achieved in eyes with limited conjunctival mobilization. This is a description of a surgical technique in a case of a patient with multiple ocular surgeries with uncontrolled multimechanism glaucoma despite using all available topical and oral glaucoma medications...
September 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
Mantu K Hudait, Michael Brian Clavel, Jheng-Sin Liu, Aheli Ghosh, Nikhil Jain, Robert J Bodnar
Due to the high carrier mobility of germanium (Ge) and high dielectric permittivity of amorphous niobium pentoxide (a-Nb2O5), Ge/a-Nb2O5 heterostructures offer several advantages for the rapidly developing field of oxide-semiconductor-based multifunctional devices. To this end, we investigation the growth, structural, band alignment, and metal-insulator-semiconductor (MIS) electrical properties of physical vapor deposited Nb2O5 on crystallographically oriented (100)Ge, (110), and (111)Ge epilayers. The as-deposited Nb2O5 dielectrics were found to be in the amorphous state, demonstrating an abrupt oxide/semiconductor heterointerface with respect to Ge, when examined via low- and high-magnification cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy...
November 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nils Cornelis, Roselien Buys, Inge Fourneau, Tijl Dewit, Véronique Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Supervised walking is a first line therapy in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) with complaints of intermittent claudication. However, uptake of supervised programmes is low. Home-based exercise seems an appealing alternative; especially since technological advances, such as tele-coaching and tele-monitoring, may facilitate the process and support patients when adopting a physically active lifestyle. To guide the development of such an intervention, it is important to identify barriers of physical activity and the needs and interests for technology-enabled exercise in this patient group...
November 16, 2017: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
Sergey V Ryazantsev, Daniil A Tyurin, Vladimir I Feldman, Leonid Khriachtchev
We report on the preparation and vibrational characterization of the C2H3⋯CO2 complex, the first example of a stable intermolecular complex involving vinyl radicals. This complex was prepared in Ar and Kr matrices using UV photolysis of propiolic acid (HC3OOH) and subsequent thermal mobilization of H atoms. This preparation procedure provides vinyl radicals formed exclusively as a complex with CO2, without the presence of either CO2 or C2H3 monomers. The absorption bands corresponding to the ν5(C2H3), ν7(C2H3), ν8(C2H3), ν2(CO2), and ν3(CO2) modes of the C2H3⋯CO2 complex were detected experimentally...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Tito E Huber, Scott Johnson, Leonid Konopko, Albina Nikolaeva, Anna Kobylianskaya, Michael J Graf
When electrons are confined in two-dimensional materials, quantum-mechanical transport phenomena and high mobility can be observed. Few demonstrations of these behaviours in surface spin-orbit bands exist. Here, we report the observation of quantized conductance in the surface bands of 50-nm Bi nanowires. With increasing magnetic fields oriented along the wire axis, the wires exhibit a stepwise increase in conductance and oscillatory thermopower, possibly due to an increased number of high-mobility spiral surface modes based on spin-split bands...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Karin B Holthaus, Lorenzo Alibardi
Corneous beta-proteins (CBPs), formerly referred to as beta-keratins, are major protein components of the epidermis in lepidosaurian reptiles and are largely responsible for their material properties. These proteins have been suggested to form filaments of 3.4nm in thickness and to interact with themselves or with other proteins, including intermediate filament (IF) keratins. Here, we performed immunocytochemical labeling of CBPs in the epidermis of different lizards and snakes and investigated by immunoblotting analysis whether the reduction of disulfide bonds or protein oxidation affects the solubility and mobility of these CBPs...
October 29, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
Daoiz Zamora, Mario Amo-Gonzalez, Marta Lanza, Gonzalo Fernandez De La Mora, Juan Fernandez de la Mora
The feasibility of detecting explosives in the atmosphere at concentrations as low as 0.01 ppq hinges on the poorly known question of what interfering species exist at these or higher concentrations. To clarify the issue, hundreds of samples of ambient air, either clean or loaded with explosives (from lightly contaminated environments) have been collected in fiberglass/stainless steel filters coated with Tenax-GR, thermally desorbed at variable temperature, and ionized with Cl- via secondary electrospray (SESI)...
November 9, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
Kuangwei Xiong, Peihong Wang, Guang Yang, Zhongfei Liu, Haijun Zhang, Shaowei Jin, Xin Xu
In view of the diverse functional groups left on the MXene during the etching process, we computationally investigated the effects of surface-group types on the structural, electronic and optical properties of Sc2CT2 (T = -O, -OH, -F) MXenes. For all geometries of the Sc2CT2 MXenes, the geometry I of Sc2CT2, which has the functional groups locating above the opposite-side Sc atoms, are lowest-energy structure. Accordingly, the energetically favorable Sc2CF2-I, Sc2CO2-I and Sc2C(OH)2-I were selected for further evaluation of the photocatalytic activities...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Danil W Boukhvalov, Bekir Gürbulak, Songül Duman, Lin Wang, Antonio Politano, Lorenzo S Caputi, Gennaro Chiarello, Anna Cupolillo
Among the various two-dimensional semiconductors, indium selenide has recently triggered the interest of scientific community, due to its band gap matching the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum, with subsequent potential applications in optoelectronics and especially in photodetection. In this feature article, we discuss the main issues in the synthesis, the ambient stability and the application capabilities of this novel class of two-dimensional semiconductors, by evidencing open challenges and pitfalls...
November 5, 2017: Nanomaterials
Ju Zhang, Xiwen Zhang, Yuanxu Wang
Previous experiments showed that Hf/Sb co-doping in ZrNiSn impressively improved the electrical conductivity (σ). To explore the physical reasons for this improvement, the electronic structures of HfxZr1-xNiSn1-ySby (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5; y = 0, 0.02) have been systematically investigated by using the first-principles method and semiclassical Boltzmann transport theory. 50% Hf doping at Zr site in ZrNiSn simultaneously increases the degeneracy and dispersion of energy bands near the conduction band edge, which are helpful to optimizing Seebeck coefficient and slightly improving σ...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Junie Jhon M Vequizo, Sunao Kamimura, Teruhisa Ohno, Akira Yamakata
Brookite TiO2 attracts considerable attention in photocatalysis owing to its superior performance in several photocatalytic reactions. In this work, we investigated the behavior of charge carriers in brookite, rutile, and anatase TiO2 by using photoluminescence (PL) and transient absorption (TA) spectroscopies. PL measurements revealed that brookite TiO2 exhibits a visible and a NIR emission at ∼520 nm and ∼860 nm, respectively. Addition of methanol vapor quenched both the visible and NIR emissions by the hole-consuming reaction of methanol...
November 6, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Wei-Chih Chao, Li-Ju Lin, Jyh-Feng Lu, Jinn-Shyan Wang, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Yi-Han Chen, Yi-Ting Chen, Hsiao-Ching Yang, Pi-Tai Chou
We carried out comprehensive spectroscopic studies of wild type and mutants of ascorbate peroxidase (APX) to gain understanding of the conformational mobility of the active site. In this approach, three unnatural tryptophans were applied to replace the distal tryptophan (W41) in an aim to probe polarity/water environment near the edge of the heme-containing active site. 7-azatryptophan ((7-aza)Trp) is sensitive to environment polarity, while 2,7-azatryptophan ((2,7-aza)Trp) and 2,6-diazatryptophan ((2,6-aza)Trp) undergo excited-state water-catalyzed double and triple proton transfer, respectively, and are sensitive to the water network...
November 2, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yoshitake Toda, Shintaro Ishiyama, Eduard Khutoryan, Toshitaka Idehara, Satoru Matsuishi, Peter V Sushko, Hideo Hosono
A simple and robust approach to visualization of continuous wave terahertz (CW-THz) light would open up opportunities to couple physical phenomena that occur at fundamentally different energy scales. Here we demonstrate how nanoscale cages of Ca12Al14O33 crystal enable conversion CW-THz radiation to visible light. These crystallographic cages are partially occupied with weakly bonded oxygen ions and give rise to a narrow conduction band that can be populated with localized, yet mobile electrons. CW-THz light excites a nearly stand-alone rattling motion of the encaged oxygen species, which promotes electron transfer from them to the neighboring vacant cages...
November 3, 2017: ACS Nano
Kui Huang, Kang Lai, Chang-Lin Yan, Wei-Bing Zhang
Recently, atomically thin organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have been synthesized experimentally, which opens up new opportunities for exploring their novel properties in the 2D limit. Based on the comparative density functional theory calculation with and without spin-orbit coupling effects, the stability, electronic structure, and carrier mobility of the two-dimensional organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites MAPbI3 (MA = CH3NH3) have been investigated systemically. Two single-unit-cell-thick 2D MAPbI3 terminated by PbI2 and CH3NH3I are constructed, and their thermodynamic stabilities are also evaluated using the first-principles constrained thermodynamics method...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
Shin Matsubara, Akira Shiraishi, Tsubasa Sakai, Toshimi Okuda, Honoo Satake
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) have been found to form heterodimers and modulate or fine-tune the functions of GPCRs. However, the involvement of GPCR heterodimerization and its functional consequences in gonadal tissues, including granulosa cells, have been poorly investigated, mainly due to the lack of efficient method for identification of novel GPCR heterodimers. In this paper, we identified a novel GPCR heterodimer between prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) receptor 2 (EP2) and calcitonin (CT) receptor (CTR)...
2017: PloS One
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