Read by QxMD icon Read

Mobility bands

Brian G Alberding, Adam J Biacchi, Angela R Hight Walker, Edwin J Heilweil
Tin(II) monosulfide (SnS) is a semiconductor material with an intermediate band gap, high absorption coefficient in the visible range, and earth abundant, non-toxic constituent elements. For these reasons, SnS has generated much interest for incorporation into optoelectronic devices, but little is known concerning the charge carrier dynamics, especially as measured by optical techniques. Here, as opposed to prior studies of vapor deposited films, phase-pure colloidal SnS was synthesized by solution chemistry in three size regimes, ranging from nanometer- to micron-scale (SnS small nanoparticles, SnS medium 2D nanosheets, and SnS large 2D μm-sheets), and evaluated by time-resolved terahertz spectroscopy (TRTS); an optical, non-contact probe of the photoconductivity...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C, Nanomaterials and Interfaces
Chong-Rong Wu, Xiang-Rui Chang, Tung-Wei Chu, Hsuan-An Chen, Chao-Hsin Wu, Shih-Yen Lin
A 9-layer WS2/MoS2 hetero-structure is established on a sapphire substrate after sequential growth of large-area and uniform 5- and 4- layer MoS2 and WS2 films by using sulfurization of pre-deposited 1.0 nm Molybdenum (Mo) and Tungsten (W), respectively. By using the results obtained from the ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and the absorption spectrum measurements of the standalone MoS2 and WS2 samples, a type-II band alignment is predicated for the WS2/MoS2 hetero-structure. Increasing drain currents and enhanced field-effect mobility value of the transistor fabricated on the hetero-structure suggested that a channel with higher electron concentration compared with the standalone MoS2 transistor channel is obtained with electron injection from WS2 to MoS2 under thermal equilibrium...
October 20, 2016: Nano Letters
Xuexia He, WaiLeong Chow, Fucai Liu, BengKang Tay, Zheng Liu
2D transition metal dichalcogenides are promising channel materials for the next-generation electronic device. Here, vertically 2D heterostructures, so called van der Waals solids, are constructed using inorganic molybdenum sulfide (MoS2 ) few layers and organic crystal - 5,6,11,12-tetraphenylnaphthacene (rubrene). In this work, ambipolar field-effect transistors are successfully achieved based on MoS2 and rubrene crystals with the well balanced electron and hole mobilities of 1.27 and 0.36 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) , respectively...
October 20, 2016: Small
Chhavi Raj Bhatt, Mary Redmayne, Baki Billah, Michael J Abramson, Geza Benke
The aim of this study was to assess environmental and personal radiofrequency-electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposures in kindergarten children. Ten children and 20 kindergartens in Melbourne, Australia participated in personal and environmental exposure measurements, respectively. Order statistics of RF-EMF exposures were computed for 16 frequency bands between 88 MHz and 5.8 GHz. Of the 16 bands, the three highest sources of environmental RF-EMF exposures were: Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) 900 MHz downlink (82 mV/m); Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS) 2100MHz downlink (51 mV/m); and GSM 900 MHz uplink (45 mV/m)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Matvey V Fedin, Georgiy Yu Shevelev, Dmitrii V Pyshnyi, Victor M Tormyshev, Gunnar Jeschke, Maxim Yulikov, Elena G Bagryanskaya
Spin labels selectively attached to biomolecules allow high-accuracy nanoscale distance measurements using pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), in many cases providing the only access to the structure of complex biosystems. Triarylmethyl (TAM) radicals have recently emerged as a new class of spin labels expanding the applicability of the method to physiological temperatures. Along with other factors, the accuracy of the obtained distances crucially relies on the understanding of interactions between biomolecules and spin labels...
October 17, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Naohiro Fujita, Daisuke Matsumoto, Yuki Sakurai, Kenji Kawahara, Hiroki Ago, Taishi Takenobu, Kazuhiro Marumoto
Graphene has been actively investigated as an electronic material owing to many excellent physical properties, such as high charge mobility and quantum Hall effect, due to the characteristics of a linear band structure and an ideal two-dimensional electron system. However, the correlations between the transport characteristics and the spin states of charge carriers or atomic vacancies in graphene have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we show the spin states of single-layer graphene to clarify the correlations using electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy as a function of accumulated charge density using transistor structures...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Decha Pinkaew, Khanittha Wonglangka, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Jakkrit Klaphajone
Although previously proposed that chronic scleroderma should be cared for clinically and early rehabilitation should be performed in hospital by a chest physical therapist, little evidence is currently available on its benefits. Therefore, this study demonstrated the benefits of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation during hospitalization in a female patient with chronic scleroderma. The aim of rehabilitation was to improve ventilation and gas exchange by using airway clearance, chest mobilization, and breathing-relearning techniques, including strengthening the respiratory system and the muscles of the limbs by using the BreathMax(®) device and elastic bands...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine
Arko Graf, Laura Tropf, Yuriy Zakharko, Jana Zaumseil, Malte C Gather
Exciton-polaritons form upon strong coupling between electronic excitations of a material and photonic states of a surrounding microcavity. In organic semiconductors the special nature of excited states leads to particularly strong coupling and facilitates condensation of exciton-polaritons at room temperature, which may lead to electrically pumped organic polariton lasers. However, charge carrier mobility and photo-stability in currently used materials is limited and exciton-polariton emission so far has been restricted to visible wavelengths...
October 10, 2016: Nature Communications
Meilin Lv, Gang Liu, Xiaoxiang Xu
Strong visible light absorption and high charge mobility are desirable properties for an efficient photocatalyst, yet they are hard to be realized simultaneously in a single semiconductor compound. In this work, we demonstrate that these properties coexist in homologous compounds ZnnIn2O3+n (n = 4, 5 and 7) with a peculiar layered structure that combines optical active segment and electrical conductive segment together. Their enhanced visible light absorption originates from tetrahedrally or trigonal-bipyramidally coordinated In atoms in Zn(In)O4(5) layers which enable p-d hybridization between In 4d and O 2p orbitals so that valence band minimum (VBM) is uplifted with a reduced band gap...
October 10, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Christian Hauptmann, Alexander Wegener, Hendrik Poppe, Mark Williams, Gerald Popelka, Peter A Tass
BACKGROUND: Sound-based tinnitus intervention stimuli include broad-band noise signals with subjectively adjusted bandwidths used as maskers delivered by commercial devices or hearing aids, environmental sounds broadly described and delivered by both consumer devices and hearing aids, music recordings specifically modified and delivered in a variety of different ways, and other stimuli. Acoustic coordinated reset neuromodulation therapy for tinnitus reduction has unique and more stringent requirements compared to all other sound-based tinnitus interventions...
October 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Kai Xu, Lei Yin, Yun Huang, Tofik Ahmed Shifa, Junwei Chu, Feng Wang, Ruiqing Cheng, Zhenxing Wang, Jun He
Group III-VI compounds M(III)X(VI) (M = Ga, In; X = S, Se, Te) are one class of important 2D layered materials and are currently attracting increasing interest due to their unique electronic and optoelectronic properties and their great potential applications in various other fields. Similar to 2D layered transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs), M(III)X(VI) also have the significant merits of ultrathin thickness, ultrahigh surface-to-volume ratio, and high compatibility with flexible devices. More impressively, in contrast with TMDCs, M(III)X(VI) demonstrate many superior properties, such as direct band gap electronic structure, high carrier mobility, rare p-type electronic behaviors, high charge density, and so on...
September 29, 2016: Nanoscale
Wei-Jie Chi, Ping-Ping Sun, Ze-Sheng Li
The electronic, optical and hole transport properties of three new hole transporting materials (HTMs) with a planar core have been investigated by using density functional theory and Marcus theory. A reliable semi-rational formula was adopted to calculate the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) levels of new HTMs. The results showed that the HOMO levels of new HTMs were 0.07-0.30 eV lower than those of Spiro-OMeTAD, and their absorption peaks appeared outside or close to the visible region and overlapped slightly with the absorption band of perovskites...
October 6, 2016: Nanoscale
Oliver Flender, Mirko Scholz, Johannes R Klein, Kawon Oum, Thomas Lenzer
We present an ultrafast UV-Vis-NIR transient absorption study of the donor-acceptor solar-cell dye D49 in diisopropyl ether, THF and acetonitrile, as well as on mesoporous Al2O3 and TiO2 thin films. Photoexcitation at 505 nm initially populates the first electronically excited state of the dye having significant intramolecular charge transfer character ("S1/ICT"). On Al2O3 and in the three organic solvents, the dynamics are fully explained in terms of S1/ICT stabilisation (by reorientation of adjacent solvent or D49 molecules and collisional cooling), intramolecular vibrational redistribution and S1/ICT → S0 electronic decay...
September 21, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
K Srinivasu, Brindaban Modak, Swapan K Ghosh
Graphitic carbon nitride based semiconductor materials are found to be potential photocatalysts for generating hydrogen through solar water splitting. Through more accurate hybrid density functional theory calculations, we attempted to tune the electronic band structure of poly s-triazine based graphitic carbon nitride by decorating it with different metal atoms and clusters for improving its visible light absorption efficiency. For deposition on the two-dimensional carbon nitride surface, a range of metals have been considered which include all the 3d transition metals and the noble metals (Ag, Au, Pt and Pd)...
September 29, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Ningdong Feng, Fen Liu, Min Huang, Anmin Zheng, Qiang Wang, Tiehong Chen, Gengyu Cao, Jun Xu, Jie Fan, Feng Deng
Ti(3+) species are highly unstable in air owing to their facile oxidation into Ti(4+) species, and thus they cannot concentrate in the surface layer of TiO2 but are mainly present in its bulk. We report generation of abundant and stable Ti(3+) species in the surface layer of TiO2 by boron doping for efficient utilization of solar irradiation. The resultant photocatalysts (denoted as B-TiO2-x) exhibit extremely high and stable solar-driven photocatalytic activity toward hydrogen production. The origin of the solar-light activity enhancement in the B-TiO2-x photocatalysts has been thoroughly investigated by various experimental techniques and density functional theory (DFT) calculations...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Kesong Yang, Safdar Nazir, Maziar Behtash, Jianli Cheng
The two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) formed at the interface between two insulating oxides such as LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 (STO) is of fundamental and practical interest because of its novel interfacial conductivity and its promising applications in next-generation nanoelectronic devices. Here we show that a group of combinatorial descriptors that characterize the polar character, lattice mismatch, band gap, and the band alignment between the perovskite-oxide-based band insulators and the STO substrate, can be introduced to realize a high-throughput (HT) design of SrTiO3-based 2DEG systems from perovskite oxide quantum database...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Naveen Sharma, Avinash Mandloi, Ashish Agrawal, Shailendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: The clavicle, humerus and acromioclavicular (AC) joint separately are very commonly involved in traumatic injuries around the shoulder. Acromioclavicular joint dislocation with distal clavicle fracture is a well recognized entity in clinical practice. AC joint dislocation with mid shaft clavicle fracture is uncommon and only few cases have been reported in literature. However, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report to describe an acromioclavicular dislocation with ipsilateral mid shaft clavicle, mid shaft humerus and coracoid process fracture...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Binghong Han, Kelsey A Stoerzinger, Vasiliki Tileli, Andrew D Gamalski, Eric A Stach, Yang Shao-Horn
Understanding the interaction between water and oxides is critical for many technological applications, including energy storage, surface wetting/self-cleaning, photocatalysis and sensors. Here, we report observations of strong structural oscillations of Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) in the presence of both H2O vapour and electron irradiation using environmental transmission electron microscopy. These oscillations are related to the formation and collapse of gaseous bubbles. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy provides direct evidence of O2 formation in these bubbles due to the incorporation of H2O into BSCF...
October 3, 2016: Nature Materials
Daniel Niesner, Max Wilhelm, Ievgen Levchuk, Andres Osvet, Shreetu Shrestha, Miroslaw Batentschuk, Christoph Brabec, Thomas Fauster
As they combine decent mobilities with extremely long carrier lifetimes, organic-inorganic perovskites open a whole new field in optoelectronics. Measurements of their underlying electronic structure, however, are still lacking. Using angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy, we measure the valence band dispersion of single-crystal CH_{3}NH_{3}PbBr_{3}. The dispersion of the highest energy band is extracted applying a modified leading edge method, which accounts for the particular density of states of organic-inorganic perovskites...
September 16, 2016: Physical Review Letters
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"