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Selective Functional Movement Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533628/the-effects-of-neck-and-trunk-stabilization-exercises-on-cerebral-palsy-children-s-static-and-dynamic-trunk-balance-case-series
#1
Ji-Won Shin, Gui-Bin Song, Jooyeon Ko
[Purpose] The purpose of this case series was to examination the effects of trunk and neck stabilization exercise on the static, dynamic trunk balance abilities of children with cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 11 school aged children diagnosed with paraplegia due to a premature birth. Each child engaged in exercise treatments twice per week for eight weeks; each treatment lasted for 45 minutes. After conducting a preliminary assessment, exercise treatments were designed based on each child's level of functioning...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532890/fascial-manipulation-%C3%A2-for-persistent-knee-pain-following-acl-and-meniscus-repair
#2
Sannasi Rajasekar, Aurélie Marie Marchand
Fascial Manipulation(®) (FM) is a manual therapy approach for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain. Anomalous fascial tension is common following surgery due to surgical scar, inadequate mobility and fear of movement. Fascial tension may result in pain and loss of mobility. This case report aims at investigating the effectiveness of FM(®) on pain and function in a patient following knee surgery. A 32 years old male patient, with persisting knee pain following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (hamstring graft) and meniscal repair, underwent the systematic FM(®) assessment process, the selected centers of coordination of myofascial units were treated...
April 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481660/spx-101-is-a-novel-enac-targeted-therapeutic-for-cystic-fibrosis-that-restores-mucus-transport
#3
David W Scott, Matthew P Walker, Juliana Sesma, Bryant Wu, Timothy J Stuhlmiller, Juan R Sabater, William M Abraham, Timothy M Crowder, Dale J Christensen, Robert Tarran
RATIONALE: Cystic Fibrosis lung disease (CF) is caused by the loss of function of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) combined with hyperactivation of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC). In the lung, ENaC is responsible for movement of sodium which creates an osmotic gradient that pulls fluid out of the airway. Hyperactivation of ENaC contributes to reduced airway hydration causing mucus dehydration, decreased mucociliary clearance, and chronic bacterial infections...
May 8, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475551/evaluation-of-muscle-mechanical-capacities-through-the-two-load-method-optimization-of-the-load-selection
#4
Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Slobodan Jaric, Belén Feriche, Paulino Padial, Amador García-Ramos
Recent research has revealed that the force-velocity relationship obtained from the 'two-load method' (i.e., functional movements tested against just 2 external loads) could be a feasible method for the selective assessment of muscle force, velocity, and power-producing capacities. The study investigated the reliability and concurrent validity of the outcomes of the two-load method observed from (1) farther vs. closer data points (20-70%1RM, 30-60%1RM, and 40-50%1RM), and (2) force-biased (50-70%1RM) vs. velocity-biased (20-40%1RM) data points...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437492/clinical-rehabilitation-of-anterior-knee-pain-current-concepts
#5
Laurie A Hiemstra, Sarah Kerslake, Elizabeth A Arendt
Rehabilitation is the hallmark of the nonoperative treatment of anterior knee pain (AKP). Whether a patient has had appropriate rehabilitation can be assessed in the office with a selection of basic and advanced screening tests. Most important, providing specific instructions in your referral to a therapist skilled in treating patients with AKP can ensure that any identified deficits are appropriately addressed. The etiology of AKP is multifactorial. Whatever its "cause," AKP alters neuromuscular function, and correcting these altered body movement patterns will benefit the patient...
March 2017: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420221/a-narrative-review-actigraphy-as-an-objective-assessment-of-perioperative-sleep-and-activity-in-pediatric-patients
#6
REVIEW
Nicole Conrad, Joelle Karlik, Amy Lewandowski Holley, Anna C Wilson, Jeffrey Koh
Sleep is an important component of pediatric health and is crucial for cognitive development. Actigraphy is a validated, objective tool to capture sleep and movement data that is increasingly being used in the perioperative context. The aim of this review is to present recent pediatric studies that utilized actigraphy in the perioperative period, highlight gaps in the literature, and provide recommendations for future research. A literature search was completed using OVID and PubMed databases and articles were selected for inclusion based on relevance to the topic...
April 18, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419879/challenging-the-myth-of-right-non-dominant-hemisphere-lessons-from-cortico-subcortical-stimulation-mapping-in-awake-surgery-and-surgical-implications
#7
REVIEW
Tatiana Vilasboas, Guillaume Herbet, Hugues Duffau
For a long time, the right hemisphere (RH) was considered as "non-dominant", especially in right-handers. In neurosurgical practice, this dogma resulted in the selection of awake procedure with language mapping only for lesions of the left "dominant" hemisphere. Conversely, surgery under general anesthesia (possibly with motor mapping) was usually proposed for right lesions. However, when objective neuropsychological assessments were performed, they frequently revealed cognitive and behavioral deficits following brain surgery, even in the RH...
April 15, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374541/the-trunk-control-measurement-scale-reliability-and-discriminative-validity-in-children-and-young-people-with-neuromotor-disorders
#8
Petra Marsico, Elena Mitteregger, Julia Balzer, Hubertus J A van Hedel
AIM: This study investigated the intra- and interrater reliability of the Trunk Control Measurement Scale (TCMS) German version, with its subscores, in children with neuromotor disorders. Further, the discriminative validity of the TCMS was assessed by comparing the TCMS scores with the Functional Independence Measure for children. METHOD: Bland-Altman analyses and intraclass correlation coefficients were applied to investigate reliability. The discriminative ability of the TCMS was evaluated with receiver operating characteristics...
April 4, 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338811/interventions-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-disability-due-to-acquired-joint-contractures-in-older-people-a-systematic-review
#9
Susanne Saal, Katrin Beutner, Julia Bogunski, Kathrin Obermüller, Martin Müller, Eva Grill, Gabriele Meyer
Background: acquired joint contractures have significant effects on quality of life and functioning. Objective: to determine the effects of interventions to prevent and treat disabilities in older people with acquired joint contractures. Methods: systematic search (last 8/2016) via Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, CINAHL, trial registries, reference lists of retrieved articles and scientific congress pamphlets. Controlled and randomised controlled trials in English or German comparing an intervention with another intervention or standard care were included...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324977/a-novel-method-to-assess-angle-sensor-performance-for-wearable-exoskeletal-joint-kinematics
#10
Nicholas B Bolus, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan
Full range of motion (ROM) at a joint is necessary for efficient and adaptive movement; as such, it is an essential clinical evaluation measure for assessing an individual's motor function, which can be affected by any number of musculoskeletal injuries and neuropathies. Measurement of joint ROM in the clinic has classically been accomplished statically through the use of a manual goniometer. More recent efforts in the fields of prosthetics and orthotics have demonstrated the potential utility of wearable systems (e...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322489/long-distance-movement-of-phosphate-starvation-responsive-micrornas-in-arabidopsis
#11
A K Huen, C Rodriguez-Medina, A Y Y Ho, C A Atkins, P M C Smith
Plant microRNAs are small RNAs that are important for genetic regulation of processes such as plant development or environmental responses. Specific microRNAs accumulate in the phloem during phosphate starvation, and may act as long-distance signalling molecules. We performed quantitative PCR on Arabidopsis hypocotyl micrograft tissues of wild-type and hen1-6 mutants to assess the mobility of several phosphate starvation-responsive microRNA species. In addition to the previously confirmed mobile species miR399d, the corresponding microRNA* (miR399d*) was identified for the first time as mobile between shoots and roots...
March 21, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303096/what-is-the-contribution-of-ia-afference-for-regulating-motor-output-variability-during-standing
#12
Niklas König, Matteo G Ferraro, Heiner Baur, William R Taylor, Navrag B Singh
Motor variability is an inherent feature of all human movements, and describes the system's stability and rigidity during the performance of functional motor tasks such as balancing. In order to ensure successful task execution, the nervous system is thought to be able to flexibly select the appropriate level of variability. However, it remains unknown which neurophysiological pathways are utilized for the control of motor output variability. In responding to natural variability (in this example sway), it is plausible that the neuro-physiological response to muscular elongation contributes to restoring a balanced upright posture...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301564/temperature-dependent-phenology-of-plutella-xylostella-lepidoptera-plutellidae-simulation-and-visualization-of-current-and-future-distributions-along-the-eastern-afromontane
#13
Benignus V Ngowi, Henri E Z Tonnang, Evans M Mwangi, Tino Johansson, Janet Ambale, Paul N Ndegwa, Sevgan Subramanian
There is a scarcity of laboratory and field-based results showing the movement of the diamondback moth (DBM) Plutella xylostella (L.) across a spatial scale. We studied the population growth of the diamondback moth (DBM) Plutella xylostella (L.) under six constant temperatures, to understand and predict population changes along altitudinal gradients and under climate change scenarios. Non-linear functions were fitted to continuously model DBM development, mortality, longevity and oviposition. We compiled the best-fitted functions for each life stage to yield a phenology model, which we stochastically simulated to estimate the life table parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286474/parameters-and-measures-in-assessment-of-motor-learning-in-neurorehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Nataliya Shishov, Itshak Melzer, Simona Bar-Haim
Upper limb function, essential for daily life, is often impaired in individuals after stroke and cerebral palsy (CP). For an improved upper limb function, learning should occur, and therefore training with motor learning principles is included in many rehabilitation interventions. Despite accurate measurement being an important aspect for examination and optimization of treatment outcomes, there are no standard algorithms for outcome measures selection. Moreover, the ability of the chosen measures to identify learning is not well established...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269554/adaptive-decoding-using-local-field-potentials-in-a-brain-machine-interface
#15
Rosa So, Camilo Libedinsky, Kai Keng Ang, Wee Chiek Clement Lim, Kyaw Kyar Toe, Cuntai Guan
Brain-machine interface (BMI) systems have the potential to restore function to people who suffer from paralysis due to a spinal cord injury. However, in order to achieve long-term use, BMI systems have to overcome two challenges - signal degeneration over time, and non-stationarity of signals. Effects of loss in spike signals over time can be mitigated by using local field potential (LFP) signals for decoding, and a solution to address the signal non-stationarity is to use adaptive methods for periodic recalibration of the decoding model...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227808/adaptive-decoding-using-local-field-potentials-in-a-brain-machine-interface
#16
Rosa So, Camilo Libedinsky, Kai Keng Ang, Wee Chiek Clement Lim, Kyaw Kyar Toe, Cuntai Guan, Rosa So, Camilo Libedinsky, Kai Keng Ang, Wee Chiek Clement Lim, Kyaw Kyar Toe, Cuntai Guan, Rosa So, Wee Chiek Clement Lim, Kai Keng Ang, Kyaw Kyar Toe, Camilo Libedinsky, Cuntai Guan
Brain-machine interface (BMI) systems have the potential to restore function to people who suffer from paralysis due to a spinal cord injury. However, in order to achieve long-term use, BMI systems have to overcome two challenges - signal degeneration over time, and non-stationarity of signals. Effects of loss in spike signals over time can be mitigated by using local field potential (LFP) signals for decoding, and a solution to address the signal non-stationarity is to use adaptive methods for periodic recalibration of the decoding model...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227176/a-novel-method-to-assess-angle-sensor-performance-for-wearable-exoskeletal-joint-kinematics
#17
Nicholas B Bolus, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan, Nicholas B Bolus, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan, Geza F Kogler, Omer T Inan, Nicholas B Bolus
Full range of motion (ROM) at a joint is necessary for efficient and adaptive movement; as such, it is an essential clinical evaluation measure for assessing an individual's motor function, which can be affected by any number of musculoskeletal injuries and neuropathies. Measurement of joint ROM in the clinic has classically been accomplished statically through the use of a manual goniometer. More recent efforts in the fields of prosthetics and orthotics have demonstrated the potential utility of wearable systems (e...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220715/a-systematic-review-of-mechanisms-of-gait-speed-change-post-stroke-part-1-spatiotemporal-parameters-and-asymmetry-ratios
#18
Elizabeth C Wonsetler, Mark G Bowden
BACKGROUND: In walking rehabilitation trials, self-selected walking speed (SSWS) has emerged as the dominant outcome measure to assess walking ability. However, this measure cannot differentiate between recovery of impaired movement and compensation strategies. Spatiotemporal variables and asymmetry ratios are frequently used to quantify gait deviations and are hypothesized markers of recovery. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to investigate spatiotemporal variables and asymmetry ratios as mechanistic recovery measures in physical therapy intervention studies post-stroke...
February 21, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218021/a-systematic-review-of-mechanisms-of-gait-speed-change-post-stroke-part-2-exercise-capacity-muscle-activation-kinetics-and-kinematics
#19
Elizabeth C Wonsetler, Mark G Bowden
BACKGROUND: Regaining locomotor ability is a primary goal in stroke rehabilitation and is most commonly measured using changes in self-selected walking speed. However, walking speed cannot identify the mechanisms by which an individual recovers. Laboratory-based mechanistic measures such as exercise capacity, muscle activation, force production, and movement analysis variables may better explain neurologic recovery. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this systematic review are to examine changes in mechanistic gait outcomes and describe motor recovery as quantified by changes in laboratory-based mechanistic variables in rehabilitation trials...
February 20, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211818/comparison-of-the-effects-of-bilateral-and-unilateral-training-after-stroke-a-meta-analysis
#20
Yejin Lee, Moon Young Kim, Ji-Hyuk Park, Hae Yean Park
BACKGROUND: The differential effects of bilateral and unilateral training on upper extremity (UE) function remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of bilateral and unilateral training on UE function and activities of daily living (ADL) after stroke. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were selected for inclusion by two reviewers after searching the following databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and KoreaMed...
2017: NeuroRehabilitation
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