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Selective Functional Movement Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346082/distal-upper-limb-kinematics-during-functional-everyday-tasks
#1
Ben Stansfield, Scott Rooney, Lisa Brown, Matthew Kay, Lisa Spoettl, Shivaramkumar Shanmugam
Quantitative characterisation of upper limb motion allows the evaluation of the effect of pathology on functional task performance, potentially directing rehabilitation strategies. Movement patterns of the distal upper limb in healthy adults during functional tasks have not been extensively characterised. During five loaded functional tasks (drinking from a glass, pouring from a kettle, turning a handle, lifting a bag to a shelf, turning a key) the movement patterns were characterised using three-dimensional motion analysis with a minimal marker set in 16 healthy adults (10 M,6F, 27 (IQR:25-43)years)...
January 10, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343895/why-borrow-from-peter-when-paul-can-afford-it-reverse-homodigital-artery-flap-for-fingertip-reconstruction
#2
Narayanamurthy Sundaramurthy, Surya Rao Rao Venkata Mahipathy, Alagar Raja Durairaj
Background: Fingertip injuries that are complicated by pulp loss, bone or tendon exposure will need a flap cover. Cross finger flap is commonly used to cover such defects. However, patients are apprehensive about injuring the uninjured finger as a donor site. Reverse homodigital artery flap (RHAF) can provide reliable vascularised cover to such defects. Aims: This study aims to assess the functional and aesthetic outcomes along with the patient satisfaction of RHAFs done for fingertip defects...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339326/surround-inhibition-in-the-primary-motor-cortex-is-task-specifically-modulated-in-non-professional-musicians-but-not-in-healthy-controls-during-real-piano-playing
#3
Gonzalo Márquez, Martin Keller, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Wolfgang Taube
Research has indicated that at the onset of a finger movement, unwanted contractions of adjacent muscles are prevented by inhibiting the cortical areas representing these muscles. This so-called surround inhibition (SI) seems relevant for the performance of selective finger movements but may not be necessary for tasks involving functional coupling between different finger muscles. Therefore, the present study compared SI between isolated finger movement and complex selective finger movements while playing a three-finger sequence on the piano in 9 non-professional musicians and 10 untrained control participants...
January 12, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333100/assessment-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-function-in-young-adults-without-complaints-from-the-masticatory-system
#4
Wojciech Kondrat, Teresa Sierpińska, John Radke
Objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical status of the masticatory system in young adults with full permanent dentition and no stomatognathic system complaints. The study involved 186 randomly selected people with full dental arches with normal occlusal conditions corresponding to Angle's Class I aged 18 - 21 years with an average age of 19 years. Subjects were clinically examined and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) vibrations were recorded during open-wide and close movements using BioJVA. Then, patients were categorized into groups according to Piper's classification system...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301539/development-of-an-inventory-of-goals-using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-in-a-population-of-non-ambulatory-children-and-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-treated-with-botulinum-toxin-a
#5
Linda Nguyen, Ronit Mesterman, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: In the management of hypertonicity in children with cerebral palsy (CP), goals should be clearly identified in order to evaluate the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) treatment, specifically in non-ambulatory children and adolescents, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), level IV or V. A retrospective chart review (Mesterman et al., 2013) identified the need for the development of a set of specific and meaningful goals linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for future goal setting and evaluation in this population...
January 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280488/tongue-motion-variability-with-changes-of-upper-airway-stimulation-electrode-configuration-and-effects-on-treatment-outcomes
#6
Armin Steffen, Ayse Kilic, Inke R König, Maria V Suurna, Benedikt Hofauer, Clemens Heiser
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Upper airway stimulation (UAS) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous data have demonstrated a correlation between the phenotype of tongue motion and therapy response. Closed loop hypoglossal nerve stimulation implant offers five different electrode configuration settings which may result in different tongue motion. STUDY DESIGN: Two-center, prospective consecutive trial in a university hospital setting. METHODS: Clinical outcomes of 35 patients were analyzed after at least 12 months of device use...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236528/role-of-clinical-neuropsychology-in-deep-brain-stimulation-review-of-the-literature-and-considerations-for-clinicians
#7
Joseph A Mole, Simon J Prangnell
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. We consider the role of the clinical neuropsychologist in DBS in relation to: assessment, formulation, evaluation and research, intervention or implementation, and communication...
December 13, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220541/yoga-for-stroke-rehabilitation
#8
REVIEW
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209249/educational-and-cognitive-predictors-of-pro-and-antisaccadic-performance
#9
Yaira Chamorro, Mario Treviño, Esmeralda Matute
Voluntary gaze control allows people to direct their attention toward selected targets while avoiding distractors. Failure in this ability could be related to dysfunctions in the neural circuits underlying executive functions. Interestingly, recent evidence suggests that factors such as years of schooling and literacy may positively influence goal-directed behavior and inhibitory control. However, we do not yet know whether these factors also have a significant impact on the inhibitory control of oculomotor responses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208550/transabdominal-salvage-surgery-after-pouch-failure-in-a-tertiary-center-a-case-matched-study
#10
Matteo Rottoli, Carlo Vallicelli, Paolo Gionchetti, Fernando Rizzello, Luca Boschi, Gilberto Poggioli
BACKGROUND: Salvage surgery after failure of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) could be offered to selected patients. However, the results vary widely in different centers. AIMS: To assess the outcomes of salvage surgery by comparison with a control group matched for confounding variables. METHODS: From a prospective database of 1286 IPAA, patients undergoing transabdominal salvage surgery were compared for perioperative and functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) to a 1:3 control group of primary IPAA cases...
November 26, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204503/bicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-vs-total-knee-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-medial-compartment-and-patellofemoral-osteoarthritis
#11
Sahil Kooner, Herman Johal, Marcia Clark
Background: Interest in bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BKA) for the treatment of medial patellofemoral osteoarthritis (MPFOA) has grown in recent years because BKA offers a bone and ligament-preserving alternative to total knee arthroplasty (TKA). BKA only resurfaces the diseased compartments, while preserving proprioception and native knee kinematics. Therefore, the objective of this study is to assess knee function, perioperative morbidity, and implant survivability in patients undergoing BKA vs TKA for MPFOA...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185545/movement-disorders-and-chronic-psychosis-five-new-things
#12
Davide Martino, Francesca Morgante
Purpose of review: To discuss selected peer-reviewed research articles published between 2014 and 2016 and highlight 5 clinically relevant messages related to hyperkinetic and hypokinetic movement disorders in patients with chronic psychosis. Recent findings: A recent population-based study complemented data from clinical trials in showing increased risk of developing extrapyramidal symptoms with antipsychotic use. A community service-based longitudinal study showed that dopamine transporter imaging could help identify subgroups of patients with parkinsonism associated with antipsychotics with a progressive course, potentially manageable with l-dopa...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181253/inter-rater-reliability-of-the-selective-functional-movement-assessment-sfma-by-sfma-certified-physical-therapists-with-similar-clinical-and-rating-experience
#13
Jeffery Dolbeer, John Mason, Jamie Morris, Michael Crowell, Donald Goss
Background: The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) assesses posture, muscle balance, and movement patterns in order to identify relevant musculoskeletal dysfunction in a clinical population. Purpose: The purposes of this study were to: (1) determine if raters with similar clinical experience and rating experience exhibit adequate agreement of the scoring for the SFMA during clinical use; (2) determine the reliability of the categorical scoring of the SFMA in a clinical population; (3) determine the reliability of the criterion checklist scoring of the SFMA in a clinical population; (4) compare the reliability of real-time assessment to recorded assessment...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164088/step-initiation-deficits-in-children-with-faulty-posture-diagnosed-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-during-infancy
#14
Magdalena Stania, Alina Sarat-Spek, Teresa Blacha, Beata Kazek, Kajetan J Słomka, Ewa Emich-Widera, Grzegorz Juras
Background: Early detection of movement deficits during step initiation will facilitate the selection of the optimal physiotherapy management strategy. The main aim of the study was to assess potential differences in step initiation between 5- and 6-year-old children with faulty posture who had been diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders during infancy and healthy children. Methods: The experimental group consisted of 19 children aged 5-6 years with faulty posture, who had been diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders during infancy and were given physiotherapy in the first year of their lives...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159665/functional-rostro-caudal-gradient-in-the-human-posterior-lateral-frontal-cortex
#15
Céline Amiez, Michael Petrides
The present study examined the hypothesis that the posterior motor/premotor region of the lateral frontal cortex is functionally organized along a rostro-caudal axis. During functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning, the subjects performed various tasks assessing basic saccadic eye or hand actions and also tasks requiring the cognitive selection between competing hand or eye movements based on previously learned conditional relations (if A, select movement X, but if B select movement Y). Subject-by-subject analysis demonstrated precise relationships between the foci of functional activity and specific sulci...
November 20, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158957/relationship-of-preseason-movement-screens-with-overuse-symptoms-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#16
Andrew M Busch, Daniel R Clifton, James A Onate, Vincent K Ramsey, Fred Cromartie
Background: The shoulder mobility screen of the Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS™) and the upper extremity patterns of the Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) assess global, multi-joint movement capabilities in the upper-extremities. Identifying which assessment can most accurately determine if baseball players are at an increased risk of experiencing overuse symptoms in the shoulder or elbow throughout a competitive season may reduce throwing-related injuries requiring medical attention...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158955/correlation-of-self-reported-outcome-measures-and-the-selective-functional-movement-assessment-sfma-an-exploration-of-validity
#17
Mark Riebel, Michael Crowell, Jeffrey Dolbeer, Eliza Szymanek, Don Goss
Background/Purpose: The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is a clinical model used to assist diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders by identifying dysfunctions in movement patterns. Based on the premise that addressing movement dysfunction is associated with an improvement in patient outcomes, the validity of the SFMA would be strengthened by observed improvement in self-reported function being associated with change in movement patterns. The purpose of this study was to explore the validity of the SFMA by determining if a correlation exists between a change in self-reported outcome measures and attributes of the assessment...
November 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116831/clinician-friendly-physical-performance-tests-for-the-knee
#18
Jerrod J Harrison, Marissa K Yorgey, Alexander J Csiernik, Joseph H Vogler, Kenneth E Games
Reference:  Hegedus EJ, McDonough S, Bleakley C, Cook CE, Baxter GD. Clinician-friendly lower extremity physical performance measures in athletes: a systematic review of measurement properties and correlation with injury. Part 1: the tests for knee function including the hop tests. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(10):642-648. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Do individual physical performance tests (PPTs) used as measures for lower extremity function have any relationship to injuries in athletes aged 12 years or older? DATA SOURCES:   Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used to locate articles...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094222/restorative-strategies-in-movement-disorders-the-contribution-of-imaging
#19
REVIEW
Nicholas P Lao-Kaim, Paola Piccini, Yen F Tai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to review the imaging, particularly positron emission tomography (PET), findings in neurorestoration studies in movement disorders, with specific focus on neural transplantation in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD). RECENT FINDINGS: PET findings in PD transplantation studies have shown that graft survival as reflected by increases in dopaminergic PET markers does not necessarily correlate with clinical improvement...
November 2, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082547/-11-c-pe2i-and-18-f-dopa-pet-for-assessing-progression-rate-in-parkinson-s-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Weihua Li, Nick P Lao-Kaim, Andreas A Roussakis, Antonio Martín-Bastida, Natalie Valle-Guzman, Gesine Paul, Clare Loane, Håkan Widner, Marios Politis, Tom Foltynie, Roger A Barker, Paola Piccini
BACKGROUND: (18) F-dopa PET measuring aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase activity is regarded as the gold standard for evaluating dopaminergic function in Parkinson's disease. Radioligands for dopamine transporters are also used in clinical trials and for confirming PD diagnosis. Currently, it is not clear which imaging marker is more reliable for assessing clinical severity and rate of progression. The objective of this study was to directly compare (18) F-dopa with the highly selective dopamine transporter radioligand (11) C-PE2I for the assessment of motor severity and rate of progression in PD...
October 30, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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