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Selective Functional Movement Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803362/perceptuo-motor-planning-during-functional-reaching-after-stroke
#1
Margit Alt Murphy, Melanie C Baniña, Mindy F Levin
In healthy young adults, reaching movements are planned such that the initial grasp position on the object is modulated based on the final task goal. This perceptuo-motor coupling has been described as the end-state comfort effect. This study aimed to determine the extent to which visuo-perceptual and motor deficits, but not neglect, due to stroke impact end-state comfort measured as the grasp-height effect. Thirty-four older adults (17 controls, 17 chronic stroke) performed a functional goal-directed two-sequence task with each arm, consisting of reaching and moving a cylindrical object (drain plunger) from an initial to four target platform heights, standardized to body height, in a block randomized sequence...
August 12, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801420/protocol-study-for-a-randomised-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial-involving-virtual-reality-and-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-for-the-improvement-of-upper-limb-motor-function-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#2
Jamile Benite Palma Lopes, Luanda André Collange Grecco, Renata Calhes Franco de Moura, Roberta Delasta Lazzari, Natalia de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Isabela Miziara, Gileno Edu Lameira de Melo, Arislander Jonathan Lopes Dumont, Manuela Galli, Claudia Santos Oliveira
INTRODUCTION: Down syndrome results in neuromotor impairment that affects selective motor control, compromising the acquisition of motor skills and functional independence. The aim of the proposed study is to evaluate and compare the effects of multiple-monopolar anodal transcranial direct current stimulation and sham stimulation over the primary motor cortex during upper limb motor training involving virtual reality on motor control, muscle activity, cerebral activity and functional independence...
August 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769559/promoting-adl-independence-in-vulnerable-community-dwelling-older-adults-a-pilot-rct-comparing-3-step-workout-for-life-versus-resistance-exercise
#3
Chiung-Ju Liu, Huiping Xu, NiCole R Keith, Daniel O Clark
BACKGROUND: Resistance exercise is effective to increase muscle strength for older adults; however, its effect on the outcome of activities of daily living is often limited. The purpose of this study was to examine whether 3-Step Workout for Life (which combines resistance exercise, functional exercise, and activities of daily living exercise) would be more beneficial than resistance exercise alone. METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768747/how-innate-is-locomotion-in-precocial-animals-a-study-on-the-early-development-of-spatio-temporal-gait-variables-and-gait-symmetry-in-piglets
#4
Charlotte Vanden Hole, Jana Goyens, Sara Prims, Erik Fransen, Miriam Ayuso Hernando, Steven Van Cruchten, Peter Aerts, Chris Van Ginneken
Locomotion is one of the most important ecological functions in animals. Precocial animals, such as pigs, are capable of independent locomotion shortly after birth. This raises the question whether coordinated movement patterns and the underlying muscular control in these animals is fully innate or whether there still exists a rapid maturation. We addressed this question by studying gait development in neonatal pigs through the analysis of spatio-temporal gait characteristics during locomotion at self-selected speed...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758189/task-oriented-interventions-for-children-with-developmental-co-ordination-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Motohide Miyahara, Susan L Hillier, Liz Pridham, Shinichi Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Developmental co-ordination disorder (DCD) is a common childhood disorder, which can persist into adolescence and adulthood. Children with DCD have difficulties in performing the essential motor tasks required for self-care, academic, social and recreational activities. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of task-oriented interventions on movement performance, psychosocial functions, activity, and participation for children with DCD and to examine differential intervention effects as a factor of age, sex, severity of DCD, intervention intensity, and type of intervention...
July 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757655/traditional-gymnastic-exercises-for-the-pelvic-floor-often-lead-to-bladder-neck-descent-a-study-using-perineal-ultrasound
#6
Kaven Baeßler, Bärbel Junginger
BACKGROUND: The aims of physiotherapy in stress incontinent women are to improve pelvic floor function and the continence mechanism including bladder neck support and urethral closure pressure. In Germany, traditional conservative treatment often includes gymnastic exercises with unclear effects on the bladder neck. The aim of this study was to sonographically assess bladder neck movements during selected exercises. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, continent women without previous vaginal births, who were able to voluntarily contract their pelvic floor muscels performed the shoulder bridge, the abdominal press, tiptoe and the Pilates clam exercises...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757050/electroencephalographic-cognitive-and-neurochemical-effects-of-ly3130481-cerc-611-a-selective-antagonist-of-tarp-%C3%AE-8-associated-ampa-receptors
#7
Jeffrey M Witkin, Jennifer Li, Gary Gilmour, Stephen N Mitchell, Guy Carter, Scott D Gleason, Wesley F Seidel, Brian J Eastwood, Andrew McCarthy, Warren J Porter, Jon Reel, Kevin M Gardinier, Akihiko S Kato, Keith A Wafford
6-[(1S)-1-[1-[5-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-2-pyridyl]pyrazol-3-yl]ethyl]-3H-1,3-benzothiazol-2-one (LY3130481 or CERC-611) is a selective antagonist of AMPA receptors containing transmembrane AMPA receptor regulatory protein (TARP) γ-8. This molecule has been characterized as a potent and efficacious anticonvulsant in an array of acute and chronic epilepsy models in rodents. The present set of experiments was designed to assess the effects of LY3130481 on the electroencephelogram (EEG), cognitive function, and neurochemical outflow...
July 27, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750548/a-feasibility-study-of-a-novel-task-specific-movement-training-intervention-for-women-with-patellofemoral-pain
#8
Gretchen B Salsich, Barbara Yemm, Karen Steger-May, Catherine E Lang, Linda R Van Dillen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a novel, task-specific training intervention that focused on correcting pain-producing movement patterns was feasible and whether it would improve hip and knee kinematics, pain, and function in women with patellofemoral pain. DESIGN: Prospective, non-randomized, within-group, double baseline, feasibility intervention study. SUBJECTS: A total of 25 women with patellofemoral pain were enrolled. INTERVENTION: The intervention, delivered 2×/week for six weeks, consisted of supervised, high-repetition practice of daily weight-bearing and recreational activities...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746196/retrospective-review-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-in-the-treatment-of-appendiceal-abscess-in-pediatric-patients-laparoscopic-versus-open-surgery-for-appendiceal-abscess
#9
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ping Li, Yan Han, Yang Yang, Hongjie Guo, Fabao Hao, Yan Tang, Chunbao Guo
Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has become well accepted, but the role of LA for appendicitis upon presentation with an abscess remains undefined. This study was to assess the postoperative recovery and complications following LA in pediatric patients with appendiceal abscess in comparison with open appendectomy (OA).We conducted a retrospective review of patients presented with appendiceal abscess between 2005 and 2016. Propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted to adjust for any potential selection bias for the surgical approaches...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734700/predicting-muscle-forces-during-the-propulsion-phase-of-single-leg-triple-hop-test
#10
Felipe Costa Alvim, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli, Luciano Luporini Menegaldo
Functional biomechanical tests allow the assessment of musculoskeletal system impairments in a simple way. Muscle force synergies associated with movement can provide additional information for diagnosis. However, such forces cannot be directly measured noninvasively. This study aims to estimate muscle activations and forces exerted during the preparation phase of the single leg triple hop test. Two different approaches were tested: static optimization (SO) and computed muscle control (CMC). As an indirect validation, model-estimated muscle activations were compared with surface electromyography (EMG) of selected hip and thigh muscles...
July 15, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727159/children-with-heavy-prenatal-alcohol-exposure-exhibit-atypical-gait-characteristics
#11
Tenille C Taggart, Roger W Simmons, Jennifer D Thomas, Edward P Riley
BACKGROUND: Impaired motor function in children with histories of prenatal exposure to alcohol has been previously reported but, to date, no studies using quantitatively-based analyses have been performed to assess gait in these children. METHODS: Gait of children with (n = 18) or without (n = 26) prenatal alcohol exposure was assessed using an electronically instrumented walkway. Children completed blocks of trials traversing the walkway with different combinations of walking condition (increased, self-paced, and decreased cadence) and direction (forward and backward)...
July 20, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#12
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719548/forearm-pronation-osteotomy-for-supination-contracture-secondary-to-obstetrical-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Aharon Z Gladstein, Brant Sachleben, Emily S Ho, Alison Anthony, Howard M Clarke, Sevan Hopyan
BACKGROUND: Obstetrical brachial plexus palsy can lead to fixed forearm supination contracture. Fixed supination may lead to functional deficits as the affected hand cannot be positioned optimally for activities on a desk such as writing and typing, or for using tools including utensils, which require a neutral or pronated forearm. Forearm pronation osteotomy has been used to address this problem, although the functional benefit over nonoperative management has not been clearly defined...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713403/time-dependent-trapping-of-pollinators-driven-by-the-alignment-of-floral-phenology-with-insect-circadian-rhythms
#14
Jenny Y Y Lau, Xing Guo, Chun-Chiu Pang, Chin Cheung Tang, Daniel C Thomas, Richard M K Saunders
Several evolutionary lineages in the early divergent angiosperm family Annonaceae possess flowers with a distinctive pollinator trapping mechanism, in which floral phenological events are very precisely timed in relation with pollinator activity patterns. This contrasts with previously described angiosperm pollinator traps, which predominantly function as pitfall traps. We assess the circadian rhythms of pollinators independently of their interactions with flowers, and correlate these data with detailed assessments of floral phenology...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711374/the-components-of-shoulder-and-elbow-movements-as-goals-of-primary-reconstructive-operation-in-obstetric-brachial-plexus-lesions
#15
Jerzy Luszawski, Wiesław Marcol, Marek Mandera
Most of the cases of obstetric brachial plexus lesions (OBPL) show satisfactory improvement with conservative management, but in about 25% some surgical treatment is indicated. The present paper analyzes the effects of primary reconstructive surgeries in aspect of achieving delineated intraoperatively goals. Children operated before the age of 18 months with follow-up period longer than 1 year were selected. Therapeutic goals established during the operation were identified by analysis of initial clinical status and operative protocols...
June 30, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678813/fine-scale-assessment-of-home-ranges-and-activity-patterns-for-resident-black-vultures-coragyps-atratus-and-turkey-vultures-cathartes-aura
#16
Amanda E Holland, Michael E Byrne, A Lawrence Bryan, Travis L DeVault, Olin E Rhodes, James C Beasley
Knowledge of black vulture (Coragyps atratus) and turkey vulture (Cathartes aura) spatial ecology is surprisingly limited despite their vital ecological roles. Fine-scale assessments of space use patterns and resource selection are particularly lacking, although development of tracking technologies has allowed data collection at finer temporal and spatial resolution. Objectives of this study were to conduct the first assessment of monthly home range and core area sizes of resident black and turkey vultures with consideration to sex, as well as elucidate differences in monthly, seasonal, and annual activity patterns based on fine-scale movement data analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676083/measuring-individual-hierarchy-of-anxiety-invoking-sports-related-activities-development-and-validation-of-the-photographic-series-of-sports-activities-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-phosa-aclr
#17
Wim van Lankveld, Nicky van Melick, Bas Habets, Eefje Roelofsen, J Bart Staal, Robert van Cingel
BACKGROUND: Fear of harm (FoH) after Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR) should be addressed in physical therapy as it hampers return to sports. However, there are no instruments assessing FoH specific for ACLR. The objective of this study is to describe the development and measurement properties of the Photograph Series of Sports Activities for ACLR (PHOSA-ACLR) measuring ACL injury related FoH. METHODS: Based on literature and opinion of physical therapists with extensive experience in ACLR treatment, photographs depicting FoH inducing situations in ACL injury were considered for inclusion in the instrument...
July 4, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648554/the-isokinetic-rotator-cuff-strength-ratios-in-overhead-athletes-assessment-and-exercise-effect
#18
REVIEW
Kelly Berckmans, Annelies G Maenhout, Lien Matthijs, Louise Pieters, Birgit Castelein, Ann M Cools
OBJECTIVE: Muscle strength imbalance in the shoulder region can be considered as a predisposing factor in the development of movement dysfunctions, possibly leading to overuse injuries. Repetitive overhead throwing, performed in sports, may result in muscle imbalance between the external (ER) and internal (IR) rotators. Muscle strength measured with an isokinetic device, is reported as a concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) force. The balance between an agonist and an antagonist is mentioned as a ratio (CON/CON or ECC/CON)...
March 11, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646914/markerless-motion-capture-systems-as-training-device-in-neurological-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-of-their-use-application-target-population-and-efficacy
#19
REVIEW
Els Knippenberg, Jonas Verbrugghe, Ilse Lamers, Steven Palmaers, Annick Timmermans, Annemie Spooren
BACKGROUND: Client-centred task-oriented training is important in neurological rehabilitation but is time consuming and costly in clinical practice. The use of technology, especially motion capture systems (MCS) which are low cost and easy to apply in clinical practice, may be used to support this kind of training, but knowledge and evidence of their use for training is scarce. The present review aims to investigate 1) which motion capture systems are used as training devices in neurological rehabilitation, 2) how they are applied, 3) in which target population, 4) what the content of the training and 5) efficacy of training with MCS is...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623186/assessment-of-active-video-gaming-using-adapted-controllers-by-individuals-with-physical-disabilities-a-protocol
#20
Laurie A Malone, Sangeetha Padalabalanarayanan, Justin McCroskey, Mohanraj Thirumalai
BACKGROUND: Individuals with disabilities are typically more sedentary and less fit compared to their peers without disabilities. Furthermore, engaging in physical activity can be extremely challenging due to physical impairments associated with disability and fewer opportunities to participate. One option for increasing physical activity is playing active video games (AVG), a category of video games that requires much more body movement for successful play than conventional push-button or joystick actions...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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