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Selective Functional Movement Assessment

Danielle M Cholewiak, Salvatore Cerchio, Jeff K Jacobsen, Jorge Urbán-R, Christopher W Clark
The function of song has been well studied in numerous taxa and plays a role in mediating both intersexual and intrasexual interactions. Humpback whales are among few mammals who sing, but the role of sexual selection on song in this species is poorly understood. While one predominant hypothesis is that song mediates male-male interactions, the mechanism by which this may occur has never been explored. We applied metrics typically used to assess songbird interactions to examine song sequences and movement patterns of humpback whale singers...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Caitlin Hamilton, Meryl Lovarini, Annie McCluskey, Tarcisio Folly de Campos, Leanne Hassett
PURPOSE: To synthesise therapist experiences of using feedback-based technology for physical rehabilitation through a systematic review of qualitative studies. METHODS: Ten electronic databases were searched up to March 2017. Peer reviewed studies that provided qualitative data that met the inclusion criteria were selected. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme. Relevant text from each study was extracted including quotes and the author's interpretations...
March 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Guilherme Augusto Zimeo Morais, Joana Bisol Balardin, João Ricardo Sato
The employment of functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) as a method of brain imaging has increased over the last few years due to its portability, low-cost and robustness to subject movement. Experiments with fNIRS are designed in the face of a limited number of sources and detectors (optodes) to be positioned on selected portion(s) of the scalp. The optodes locations represent an expectation of assessing cortical regions relevant to the experiment's hypothesis. However, this translation process remains a challenge for fNIRS experimental design...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
Karlaina Jl Osmon, Meera Vyas, Evan Woodley, Patrick Thompson, Jagdeep S Walia
Behavioral testing is used in pre-clinical trials to assess the phenotypic effects and outcomes that a particular disease or treatment has on the animal's wellbeing and health. There are numerous behavioral tests that may be applied. We selected a test for general locomotion, the open field test (OFT); a test for muscular strength, the mesh test (MT); and a test for coordination, the rotarod test (RR). Testing can be accomplished on a weekly or monthly basis. As a test for general locomotion, the OFT works by objectively monitoring movement parameters while the mouse is in an open field apparatus...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Guodong Lian, Leping Li, Yulong Shi, Changqing Jing, Jinglei Liu, Xiaobo Guo, Qingqing Zhang, Tianyu Dai, Fei Ye, Yanyan Wang, Man Chen
BI2536 is a highly selective and potent inhibitor of polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1). In this study, we aimed to determine whether BI2536 and cisplatin can synergistically inhibit the malignant behavior of gastric cancer cells. For this purpose, the expression of PLK1 in gastric cancer cells was determined. The effects of BI2536, cisplatin, and the combination of BI2536 and cisplatin on gastric cancer cell viability, invasion, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis were assessed. Furthermore, the expression of cell cycle-regulated proteins was examined...
January 25, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Yuanyuan Han, Xuxia Wang, Dan Ma, Xiaoxiao Wu, Panpan Yang, Jun Zhang
Objectives: This study was performed to investigate the effects and mechanism of ipriflavone (IP) on the proliferation and osteoblastic differentiation of periodontal ligament cells in vitro and periodontal tissue remodeling following orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) in vivo. Materials and methods: Human periodontal ligament cells (hPDLCs) were cultured in vitro and cell counting kit-8, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity assay, plate clone formation assay, and alizarin red staining were used to test proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of hPDLCs...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
A V Vlasenko, V I Mikhnovich, A V Machanskaya, A V Pogodina, O V Bugun, L V Rychkova, T A Astakhova
AIM: The objective of the present study was the improvement of the effectiveness of medical rehabilitation of the children presenting with the disturbances of the locomotor function using a «LymphaVision» apparatus for the selective electrical stimulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 42 patients with movement disorders divided into two groups depending on the method of non-drug therapy. The main group was comprised of the patients receiving the treatment by electrical stimulation with the use of the «LymphaVision» apparatus while the remaining patients made up the group of comparison (they were treated with by means of Vermel electrophoresis with the use of a 1% sodium bromide solution)...
December 28, 2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
Suelen Meira Goes, Catherine M Trask, Catherine Boden, Brenna Bath, Daniel Cury Ribeiro, Paul Hendrick, Lynne Clay, Xiaoke Zeng, Stephan Milosavljevic
INTRODUCTION: Permanent functional impairment (PFI) of the spine is a rating system used by compensation authorities, such as workers compensation boards, to establish an appropriate level of financial compensation for persistent loss of function. Determination of PFI of the spine is commonly based on the assessment of spinal movement combined with other measures of physical and functional impairments; however, the reliability and validity of the measurement instruments used for these evaluations have yet to be established...
January 27, 2018: BMJ Open
Samuele Contemori, Andrea Biscarini
CONTEXT: Isolated infraspinatus atrophy (IIA) is a common condition among overhead-activity athletes, which affects the hitting shoulder and is caused by suprascapular nerve injury. The loss of infraspinatus function could lead to altered activity of the glenohumeral and scapulothoracic muscles and compromise the optimal shoulder function. OBJECTIVE: To assess the surface electromyographic (sEMG) activity patterns, relationships, and response latencies of relevant shoulder girdle muscles in professional volleyball players with IIA and in healthy control players...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Suruliraj Karthikbabu, Mahabala Chakrapani, Sailakshmi Ganesan, Ratnavalli Ellajosyula, John M Solomon
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to examine the efficacy of plinth and Swiss ball-based trunk exercise regimes on balance, mobility, physical function, and community reintegration compared with standard physiotherapy in chronic stroke. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This observer-blinded parallel-group randomized trial was conducted in outpatient stroke units. People with chronic stroke aged between 30 and 75 years, first onset of unilateral cortical lesion, poor trunk performance, 10 m independent walking ability with or without walking aids, and absence of pusher syndrome were included...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Ben Stansfield, Scott Rooney, Lisa Brown, Matthew Kay, Lisa Spoettl, Shivaramkumar Shanmugam
Quantitative characterisation of upper limb motion allows the evaluation of the effect of pathology on functional task performance, potentially directing rehabilitation strategies. Movement patterns of the distal upper limb in healthy adults during functional tasks have not been extensively characterised. During five loaded functional tasks (drinking from a glass, pouring from a kettle, turning a handle, lifting a bag to a shelf, turning a key) the movement patterns were characterised using three-dimensional motion analysis with a minimal marker set in 16 healthy adults (10 M,6F, 27 (IQR:25-43)years)...
January 10, 2018: Gait & Posture
Narayanamurthy Sundaramurthy, Surya Rao Rao Venkata Mahipathy, Alagar Raja Durairaj
Background: Fingertip injuries that are complicated by pulp loss, bone or tendon exposure will need a flap cover. Cross finger flap is commonly used to cover such defects. However, patients are apprehensive about injuring the uninjured finger as a donor site. Reverse homodigital artery flap (RHAF) can provide reliable vascularised cover to such defects. Aims: This study aims to assess the functional and aesthetic outcomes along with the patient satisfaction of RHAFs done for fingertip defects...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Gonzalo Márquez, Martin Keller, Jesper Lundbye-Jensen, Wolfgang Taube
Research has indicated that at the onset of a finger movement, unwanted contractions of adjacent muscles are prevented by inhibiting the cortical areas representing these muscles. This so-called surround inhibition (SI) seems relevant for the performance of selective finger movements but may not be necessary for tasks involving functional coupling between different finger muscles. Therefore, the present study compared SI between isolated finger movement and complex selective finger movements while playing a three-finger sequence on the piano in 9 non-professional musicians and 10 untrained control participants...
January 12, 2018: Neuroscience
Wojciech Kondrat, Teresa Sierpińska, John Radke
Objective of the study was to evaluate the clinical status of the masticatory system in young adults with full permanent dentition and no stomatognathic system complaints. The study involved 186 randomly selected people with full dental arches with normal occlusal conditions corresponding to Angle's Class I aged 18 - 21 years with an average age of 19 years. Subjects were clinically examined and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) vibrations were recorded during open-wide and close movements using BioJVA. Then, patients were categorized into groups according to Piper's classification system...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Linda Nguyen, Ronit Mesterman, Jan Willem Gorter
BACKGROUND: In the management of hypertonicity in children with cerebral palsy (CP), goals should be clearly identified in order to evaluate the effectiveness of botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) treatment, specifically in non-ambulatory children and adolescents, Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS), level IV or V. A retrospective chart review (Mesterman et al., 2013) identified the need for the development of a set of specific and meaningful goals linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for future goal setting and evaluation in this population...
January 4, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Armin Steffen, Ayse Kilic, Inke R König, Maria V Suurna, Benedikt Hofauer, Clemens Heiser
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Upper airway stimulation (UAS) is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Previous data have demonstrated a correlation between the phenotype of tongue motion and therapy response. Closed loop hypoglossal nerve stimulation implant offers five different electrode configuration settings which may result in different tongue motion. STUDY DESIGN: Two-center, prospective consecutive trial in a university hospital setting. METHODS: Clinical outcomes of 35 patients were analyzed after at least 12 months of device use...
December 27, 2017: Laryngoscope
Joseph A Mole, Simon J Prangnell
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. We consider the role of the clinical neuropsychologist in DBS in relation to: assessment, formulation, evaluation and research, intervention or implementation, and communication...
December 13, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
Maggie Lawrence, Francisco T Celestino Junior, Hemilianna Hs Matozinho, Lindsay Govan, Jo Booth, Jane Beecher
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a major health issue and cause of long-term disability and has a major emotional and socioeconomic impact. There is a need to explore options for long-term sustainable interventions that support stroke survivors to engage in meaningful activities to address life challenges after stroke. Rehabilitation focuses on recovery of function and cognition to the maximum level achievable, and may include a wide range of complementary strategies including yoga.Yoga is a mind-body practice that originated in India, and which has become increasingly widespread in the Western world...
December 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yaira Chamorro, Mario Treviño, Esmeralda Matute
Voluntary gaze control allows people to direct their attention toward selected targets while avoiding distractors. Failure in this ability could be related to dysfunctions in the neural circuits underlying executive functions. Interestingly, recent evidence suggests that factors such as years of schooling and literacy may positively influence goal-directed behavior and inhibitory control. However, we do not yet know whether these factors also have a significant impact on the inhibitory control of oculomotor responses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Matteo Rottoli, Carlo Vallicelli, Paolo Gionchetti, Fernando Rizzello, Luca Boschi, Gilberto Poggioli
BACKGROUND: Salvage surgery after failure of ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) could be offered to selected patients. However, the results vary widely in different centers. AIMS: To assess the outcomes of salvage surgery by comparison with a control group matched for confounding variables. METHODS: From a prospective database of 1286 IPAA, patients undergoing transabdominal salvage surgery were compared for perioperative and functional outcomes and quality of life (QOL) to a 1:3 control group of primary IPAA cases...
November 26, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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