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Selective Functional Movement Assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773349/robot-assisted-training-using-hybrid-assistive-limb%C3%A2-for-cerebral-palsy
#1
Mayumi Matsuda, Nobuaki Iwasaki, Yuki Mataki, Hirotaka Mutsuzaki, Kenichi Yoshikawa, Kazushi Takahashi, Keiko Enomoto, Kumiko Sano, Aoi Kubota, Tomohiro Nakayama, Junko Nakayama, Haruka Ohguro, Masafumi Mizukami, Kazuhide Tomita
PURPOSE: The Hybrid Assistive Limb® (HAL®, CYBERDYNE) is a wearable robot that provides assistance to a patient while they are walking, standing, and performing leg movements based on the wearer's intended movement. The effect of robot-assisted training using HAL® for cerebral palsy (CP) is unknown. Therefore, we assessed the effect of robot-assisted training using HAL® on patients with CP, and compared walking and gross motor abilities between pre-intervention and post-intervention...
May 14, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763510/trihexyphenidyl-for-dystonia-in-cerebral-palsy
#2
REVIEW
Adrienne R Harvey, Louise B Baker, Dinah Susan Reddihough, Adam Scheinberg, Katrina Williams
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy occurs in up to 2.1 of every 1000 live births and encompasses a range of motor problems and movement disorders. One commonly occurring movement disorder amongst those with cerebral palsy is dystonia: sustained or intermittent involuntary muscle spasms and contractions that cause twisting, repetitive movements and abnormal postures. The involuntary contractions are often very painful and distressing and cause significant limitations to activity and participation...
May 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761113/differences-in-hip-joint-biomechanics-and-muscle-activation-in-individuals-with-femoroacetabular-impingement-compared-with-healthy-asymptomatic-individuals-is-level-ground-gait-analysis-enough
#3
Derek J Rutherford, Janice Moreside, Ivan Wong
Background: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is a recognized cause of hip and groin pain and a significant factor in hip joint function during sport. Objective tests for understanding hip function are lacking in this population. Purpose: To determine whether biomechanical and electromyographic features of hip function during level-ground walking differ between a group diagnosed with FAI and those with no symptoms of FAI. Study Design: Controlled laboratory study...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728336/evaluation-of-the-protective-efficacy-of-ornithodoros-moubata-midgut-membrane-antigens-selected-using-omics-and-in-silico-prediction-algorithms
#4
Prosper Obolo-Mvoulouga, Ana Oleaga, Raúl Manzano-Román, Ricardo Pérez-Sánchez
The African argasid tick Ornithodoros moubata transmits two important pathogens, the African swine fever virus and the spirochete Borrelia duttoni, the cause of human relapsing fever. To date, only conventional control measures such as widespread application of acaricides, strict control measures, and animal movement restrictions have been implemented to confine these diseases. Vaccines against tick infestations have the potential to be among the most efficacious interventions for the management of these diseases...
April 30, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726432/towards-an-imu-evaluation-framework-for-human-body-tracking
#5
Verena Venek, Wolfgang Kremser, Cornelia Schneider
Existing full-body tracking systems, which use Inertial Measurement Units (IMUs) as sensing unit, require expert knowledge for setup and data collection. Thus, the daily application for human body tracking is difficult. In particular, in the field of active and assisted living (AAL), tracking human movements would enable novel insights not only into the quantity but also into the quality of human movement, for example by monitoring functional training. While the current market offers a wide range of products with vastly different properties, literature lacks guidelines for choosing IMUs for body tracking applications...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718238/transection-of-the-nasal-base-muscles-for-the-correction-of-plunging-tip-an-outcome-analysis
#6
Mehmet Bayramiçli, Zeynep Akdeniz Dogan
Background: The plunging-tip deformity has been attributed to the combined actions of nasal base muscles. However, there are no quantitative data in the literature to discuss the effect of muscle transections on the clinical outcome. Objectives: This study was designed to assess the actions of the nasal tip, nasal base, and upper lip in patients with plunging-tip deformity and to compare their preoperative and postoperative activities following multiple myotomies...
April 26, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707514/an-analysis-of-trunk-kinematics-and-gait-parameters-in-people-with-stroke
#7
Adnil W Titus, Susan Hillier, Quinette A Louw, Gakeemah Inglis-Jassiem
Background: Approximately two out of three people with stroke experience gait problems. Trunk movement control and symmetry is an important prerequisite for functional walking gait. Movement control, measured objectively as kinematics during walking gait, is rarely investigated. Objective: To describe the three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the trunk during gait in people with stroke, including key spatiotemporal characteristics. Methodology: A total of 17 adults with stroke who met the inclusion criteria were selected to participate in this cross-sectional pilot study...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705688/survey-of-how-different-groups-of-veterinarians-manage-the-use-of-neuromuscular-blocking-agents-in-anesthetized-dogs
#8
Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed
OBJECTIVE: To analyze practice habits associated with the use, reversal and monitoring of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in dogs by different groups of veterinarians. STUDY DESIGN: Online anonymous survey to veterinarians. POPULATION: Data from 390 answered surveys. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to e-mail list servers of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia (ACVAA-list), Sociedad Española de Anestesia y Analgesia Veterinaria (SEEAV-list), Colégio Brasileiro de Anestesiologia Veterinária (Brazilian College of Veterinary Anesthesiology; CBAV-list) and American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ACVO-list) to elicit information regarding use of NMBAs and reversal agents, monitoring techniques, criteria for redosing, reversing and assessing adequacy of recovery of neuromuscular function...
March 23, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684790/is-there-evidence-to-use-kinematic-kinetic-measures-clinically-in-low-back-pain-patients-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Enrica Papi, Anthony M J Bull, Alison H McGregor
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is a widespread reliance on self-reported questionnaires to assess low back pain patients. However, it has been suggested that objective measures of low back pain patients' functional status should be used to aid clinical assessment. The aim of this study is to systematically review which kinematic /kinetic parameters have been used to assess low back pain patients against healthy controls and to propose clinical kinematic/kinetic measures. METHODS: PubMed, Embase and Scopus databases were searched for relevant studies...
April 11, 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670648/stimulating-the-healthy-brain-to-investigate-neural-correlates-of-motor-preparation-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Cécilia Neige, Hugo Massé-Alarie, Catherine Mercier
Objective: Noninvasive brain stimulation techniques can be used to selectively increase or decrease the excitability of a cortical region, providing a unique opportunity to assess the causal contribution of that region to the process being assessed. The objective of this paper is to systematically examine studies investigating changes in reaction time induced by noninvasive brain stimulation in healthy participants during movement preparation. Methods: A systematic review of the literature was performed in the PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Web of science databases...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669557/discovery-biology-of-neuropsychiatric-syndromes-dbns-a-center-for-integrating-clinical-medicine-and-basic-science
#11
Biju Viswanath, Naren P Rao, Janardhanan C Narayanaswamy, Palanimuthu T Sivakumar, Arun Kandasamy, Muralidharan Kesavan, Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Ganesan Venkatasubramanian, John P John, Odity Mukherjee, Meera Purushottam, Ramakrishnan Kannan, Bhupesh Mehta, Thennarasu Kandavel, B Binukumar, Jitender Saini, Deepak Jayarajan, A Shyamsundar, Sydney Moirangthem, K G Vijay Kumar, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Prabha S Chandra, Bangalore N Gangadhar, Pratima Murthy, Mitradas M Panicker, Upinder S Bhalla, Sumantra Chattarji, Vivek Benegal, Mathew Varghese, Janardhan Y C Reddy, Padinjat Raghu, Mahendra Rao, Sanjeev Jain
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence that there are shared genetic, environmental and developmental risk factors in psychiatry, that cut across traditional diagnostic boundaries. With this background, the Discovery biology of neuropsychiatric syndromes (DBNS) proposes to recruit patients from five different syndromes (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, Alzheimer's dementia and substance use disorders), identify those with multiple affected relatives, and invite these families to participate in this study...
April 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664058/relationships-between-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-and-neurodegenerative-diseases-clinical-assessments-biomarkers-and-treatment
#12
REVIEW
Min Li, Li Wang, Jiang-Hong Liu, Shu-Qin Zhan
Objective: Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by dream enactment and loss of muscle atonia during rapid eye movement sleep. RBD is closely related to α-synucleinopathies including Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and multiple system atrophy. Many studies have investigated the markers of imaging and neurophysiological, genetic, cognitive, autonomic function of RBD and their predictive value for neurodegenerative diseases. This report reviewed the progress of these studies and discussed their limitations and future research directions...
April 20, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614644/visual-processing-during-short-term-memory-binding-in-mild-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Gerardo Fernández, David Orozco, Osvaldo Agamennoni, Marcela Schumacher, Silvana Sañudo, Juan Biondi, Mario A Parra
Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) typically present with attentional and oculomotor abnormalities that can have an impact on visual processing and associated cognitive functions. Over the last few years, we have witnessed a shift toward the analyses of eye movement behaviors as a means to further our understanding of the pathophysiology of common disorders such as AD. However, little work has been done to unveil the link between eye moment abnormalities and poor performance on cognitive tasks known to be markers for AD patients, such as the short-term memory-binding task...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592842/mirror-movements-are-linked-to-executive-control-in-healthy-and-brain-injured-adults
#14
Joseph Tisseyre, David Amarantini, Alexandre Chalard, Philippe Marque, David Gasq, Jessica Tallet
It has been shown that brain-injured patients have exacerbated mirror movements (MM). MM are involuntary contractions occurring in homologous muscles contralateral to voluntary movements, particularly in distal upper limb muscles. Attentional and inhibitory processes have been proposed as key factors to explain the level of MM. However, the link between MM and attentional/inhibitory processes has never been formally tested. The present study aims to test this link in 24 right-handed healthy adults and eight chronic brain-injured patients...
March 25, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574585/direct-and-indirect-nigrofugal-projections-to-the-nucleus-reticularis-pontis-caudalis-mediate-in-the-motor-execution-of-the-acoustic-startle-reflex
#15
Sebastian Hormigo, Dolores E López, Antonio Cardoso, Gladys Zapata, Jacqueline Sepúlveda, Orlando Castellano
The acoustic startle reflex (ASR) is a short and intense defensive reaction in response to a loud and unexpected acoustic stimulus. In the rat, a primary startle pathway encompasses three serially connected central structures: the cochlear root neurons, the giant neurons of the nucleus reticularis pontis caudalis (PnC), and the spinal motoneurons. As a sensorimotor interface, the PnC has a central role in the ASR circuitry, especially the integration of different sensory stimuli and brain states into initiation of motor responses...
March 24, 2018: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571330/chest-wall-mechanics-in-vivo-with-a-new-custom-made-three-dimensional-printed-sternal-prosthesis
#16
Nicola Oswald, Eshan Senanayake, Babu Naidu, Haitham Khalil, Ehab Bishay
PURPOSE: Reconstruction after sternal resection is performed according to surgeon intuition; physiologic evidence for selection of prostheses is lacking. We present our experience of the in vivo function of a novel device for sternal reconstruction. DESCRIPTION: A three-dimensional-printed titanium and porous polyethylene sternal prosthesis was made according to the patient's computed tomographic scan. The titanium arms slot over adjacent ribs and are fixed in place with screws...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570862/medical-and-surgical-management-of-advanced-parkinson-s-disease
#17
REVIEW
Angelo Antonini, Elena Moro, Clecio Godeiro, Heinz Reichmann
Advanced Parkinson's disease is characterized by the presence of motor fluctuations, various degree of dyskinesia, and disability with functional impact on activities of daily living and independence. Therapeutic management aims to extend levodopa benefit while minimizing motor complications and includes, in selected cases, the implementation of drug infusion and surgical techniques. In milder forms of motor complications, these can often be controlled with manipulation of levodopa dose and the introduction of supplemental therapies such as catechol-O-methyl transferase inhibitors, monoamine oxidase B inhibitors, and dopamine agonists including apomorphine...
March 23, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568266/normalization-of-blood-pressure-with-spinal-cord-epidural-stimulation-after-severe-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Susan J Harkema, Siqi Wang, Claudia A Angeli, Yangsheng Chen, Maxwell Boakye, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Glenn A Hirsch
Chronic low blood pressure and orthostatic hypotension remain challenging clinical issues after severe spinal cord injury (SCI), affecting health, rehabilitation, and quality of life. We previously reported that targeted lumbosacral spinal cord epidural stimulation (scES) could promote stand and step functions and restore voluntary movement in patients with chronic motor complete SCI. This study addresses the effects of targeted scES for cardiovascular function (CV-scES) in individuals with severe SCI who suffer from chronic hypotension...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515847/songbird-dynamics-under-the-sea-acoustic-interactions-between-humpback-whales-suggest-song-mediates-male-interactions
#19
Danielle M Cholewiak, Salvatore Cerchio, Jeff K Jacobsen, Jorge Urbán-R, Christopher W Clark
The function of song has been well studied in numerous taxa and plays a role in mediating both intersexual and intrasexual interactions. Humpback whales are among few mammals who sing, but the role of sexual selection on song in this species is poorly understood. While one predominant hypothesis is that song mediates male-male interactions, the mechanism by which this may occur has never been explored. We applied metrics typically used to assess songbird interactions to examine song sequences and movement patterns of humpback whale singers...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513052/experiences-of-therapists-using-feedback-based-technology-to-improve-physical-function-in-rehabilitation-settings-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#20
Caitlin Hamilton, Meryl Lovarini, Annie McCluskey, Tarcisio Folly de Campos, Leanne Hassett
PURPOSE: To synthesise therapist experiences of using feedback-based technology for physical rehabilitation through a systematic review of qualitative studies. METHODS: Ten electronic databases were searched up to March 2017. Peer reviewed studies that provided qualitative data that met the inclusion criteria were selected. The methodological quality of included studies was assessed using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme. Relevant text from each study was extracted including quotes and the author's interpretations...
March 7, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
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