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Selective Functional Movement Assessment

John-Ross Rizzo, Todd E Hudson, Weiwei Dai, Joel Birkemeier, Rosa M Pasculli, Ivan Selesnick, Laura J Balcer, Steven L Galetta, Janet C Rucker
OBJECTIVE: The King-Devick (KD) test, which is based on rapid number naming speed, is a performance measure that adds vision and eye movement assessments to sideline concussion testing. We performed a laboratory-based study to characterize ocular motor behavior during the KD test in a patient cohort with chronic concussion to identify features associated with prolonged KD reading times. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with a concussion history (mean age: 31) were compared to control participants with no concussion history (n = 42, mean age: 32)...
October 2016: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Ruey Terng Ng, Way Seah Lee, Hak Lee Ang, Kai Ming Teo, Yee Ian Yik, Nai Ming Lai
BACKGROUND: Childhood constipation is a common problem with substantial health, economic and emotional burdens. Existing therapeutic options, mainly pharmacological, are not consistently effective, and some are associated with adverse effects after prolonged use. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES), a non-pharmacological approach, is postulated to facilitate bowel movement by modulating the nerves of the large bowel via the application of electrical current transmitted through the abdominal wall...
October 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Teige C Bourke, Catherine R Lowrey, Sean P Dukelow, Stephen D Bagg, Kathleen E Norman, Stephen H Scott
BACKGROUND: Stroke can affect our ability to perform daily activities, although it can be difficult to identify the underlying functional impairment(s). Recent theories highlight the importance of sensory feedback in selecting future motor actions. This selection process can involve multiple processes to achieve a behavioural goal, including selective attention, feature/object recognition, and movement inhibition. These functions are often impaired after stroke, but existing clinical measures tend to explore these processes in isolation and without time constraints...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Sally Mannix, Anne Skalicky, Dawn C Buse, Pooja Desai, Sandhya Sapra, Brian Ortmeier, Katherine Widnell, Asha Hareendran
BACKGROUND: Migraine is characterized by headache with symptoms such as intense pain, nausea, vomiting, photophobia, and phonophobia that significantly impact individuals' lives. The objective of this study was to develop a strategy to measure outcomes from the patients' perspectives for use in evaluating preventive treatments for migraine. METHODS: This study used a multi-stage process. The first stage included concept identification research through literature review, patient-reported outcome (PRO) instrument content review, and clinician interviews, and resulted in a list of concepts relevant to understand the migraine experience...
October 6, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
Ming Cao, Zhu-Qin Gu, Yuan Li, Hui Zhang, Xiao-Juan Dan, Shan-Shan Cen, Da-Wei Li, Piu Chan
Olfactory dysfunction has been reported in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients carrying the LRRK2 G2019S variant in Caucasians but rarely in those with the LRRK2 G2385R variant. In this study, we performed genotyping for the LRRK2 G2385R variant in PD patients recruited from the Movement Disorder Clinic of Xuanwu Hospital in Beijing and in healthy controls randomly selected from the Beijing Longitudinal Study on Aging cohort. The "five-odor olfactory detection array", an olfactory threshold test, was used to assess olfactory function...
October 3, 2016: Neuroscience Bulletin
L Dasenbrock, A Heinks, M Schwenk, J M Bauer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sensor technology, in particular wearable inertial sensors, has the potential to help researchers objectively assess the functionality of older adults. The following review provides an overview about the possible use of sensor technology to detect and prevent pre-frailty and frailty. METHOD: A systematic literature search in PubMed and the Cochrane Library was conducted. Articles were selected according to the following criteria: frail and/or pre-frail population, use of wearable and non-wearable sensor technology to measure or enhance human movements or activities of daily living and a focus on frailty assessment...
October 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Jaewon Beom, Sukgyu Koh, Hyung Seok Nam, Wonshik Kim, Yoonjae Kim, Han Gil Seo, Byung-Mo Oh, Sun Gun Chung, Sungwan Kim
Mirror therapy has been performed as effective occupational therapy in a clinical setting for functional recovery of a hemiplegic arm after stroke. It is conducted by eliciting an illusion through use of a mirror as if the hemiplegic arm is moving in real-time while moving the healthy arm. It can facilitate brain neuroplasticity through activation of the sensorimotor cortex. However, conventional mirror therapy has a critical limitation in that the hemiplegic arm is not actually moving. Thus, we developed a real-time 2-axis mirror robot system as a simple add-on module for conventional mirror therapy using a closed feedback mechanism, which enables real-time movement of the hemiplegic arm...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Thu Ngo, Xin Miao, Douglas N Robinson, Qiong-Qiong Zhou
AIM: RNA-binding proteins are a large group of regulators (800-1000 in humans), some of which play significant roles in mRNA local translation. In this study, we analyzed the functions of the protein RNP-1, which was previously discovered in a genetic selection screen for nocodazole suppression. METHODS: The growth rates and the microtubule networks of Dictyostelium cells were assessed with or without nocodazole (10 μmol/L) in suspension culture. Fluorescent images of RNP-1-GFP and RFP-tubulin were captured when cells were undergoing cytokinesis, then the GFP signal intensity and distance to the nearest centrosome were analyzed by using a computer program written in Matlab(®)...
August 29, 2016: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
Gunasingh J Masilamoni, Subramanian Uthayathas, Gerhard Koenig, Liza Leventhal, Stella M Papa
Schizophrenia symptoms are associated with alterations in basal ganglia-cortical networks that include the cyclic nucleotides (cAMP/cGMP) signaling pathways. Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) inhibitors have been considered as therapeutic agents for schizophrenia because the regulation of cAMP and cGMP in the striatum by PDE10A plays an important role in the signaling mechanisms of the striatal-cortical network, and thereby in cognitive function. In the present study we assessed in non-human primates (NHPs) the effects of a novel PDE10A inhibitor (FRM-6308) that has demonstrated high potency and selectivity for human recombinant PDE10A in vitro...
November 2016: Neuropharmacology
Sinead FitzGibbon, Bill Vicenzino, Sue Ann Sisto
BACKGROUND: Competitive cyclists are susceptible to injury from the highly repetitive nature of pedaling during training and racing. Deviation from an optimal movement pattern is often cited as a factor contributing to tissue stress with specific concern for excessive frontal plane knee motion. Wedges and orthoses are increasingly used at the foot-shoe-pedal-interface (FSPI) in cycling shoes to alter the kinematics of the lower limb while cycling. Determination of the effect of FSPI alteration on cycling kinematics may offer a simple, inexpensive tool to reduce anterior knee pain in recreational and competitive cyclists...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Gabriella R Goshtigian, Brian T Swanson
BACKGROUND: Despite the multidirectional quality of human movement, common measurement procedures used in physical therapy examination are often uni-planar and lack the ability to assess functional complexities involved in daily activities. Currently, there is no widely accepted, validated standard to assess movement quality. The Selective Functional Movement Assessment (SFMA) is one possible system to objectively assess complex functional movements. The purpose of this case report is to illustrate the application of the SFMA as a guide to the examination, evaluation, and management of a patient with non-specific low back pain (LBP)...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Frieder Wittmann, Jeremia P Held, Olivier Lambercy, Michelle L Starkey, Armin Curt, Raphael Höver, Roger Gassert, Andreas R Luft, Roman R Gonzenbach
BACKGROUND: The effect of rehabilitative training after stroke is dose-dependent. Out-patient rehabilitation training is often limited by transport logistics, financial resources and a lack of motivation/compliance. We studied the feasibility of an unsupervised arm therapy for self-directed rehabilitation therapy in patients' homes. METHODS: An open-label, single group study involving eleven patients with hemiparesis due to stroke (27 ± 31.5 months post-stroke) was conducted...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Mónica S Cameirão, Ana Lúcia Faria, Teresa Paulino, Júlio Alves, Sergi Bermúdez I Badia
BACKGROUND: Virtual Reality (VR) based methods for stroke rehabilitation have mainly focused on motor rehabilitation, but there is increasing interest in integrating motor and cognitive training to increase similarity to real-world settings. Unfortunately, more research is needed for the definition of which type of content should be used in the design of these tools. One possibility is the use of emotional stimuli, which are known to enhance attentional processes. According to the Socioemotional Selectivity Theory, as people age, the emotional salience arises for positive and neutral, but not for negative stimuli...
2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Colin P Drinkard, Ryan S McCann, Phillip A Gribble
INTRODUCTION: Quantifying corticomotor alterations is important to understand the neurophysiological mechanisms that likely contribute to the neuromuscular control deficits observed in patients with Chronic Ankle Instability (CAI). Corticomotor output mapping provides further insight into the changes within the motor cortex and identifies potential changes in the area of the motor cortex associated with selected muscles. Therefore, this investigation compared the corticomotor map output for the fibularis longus(FL) muscle in patients with and without CAI...
August 6, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ali Hussaini, Arthur Zinck, Peter Kyberd
BACKGROUND: Prosthesis users perform various compensatory motions to accommodate for the loss of the hand and wrist as well as the reduced functionality of a prosthetic hand. OBJECTIVES: Investigate different compensation strategies that are performed by prosthesis users. STUDY DESIGN: Comparative analysis. METHODS: A total of 20 able-bodied subjects and 4 prosthesis users performed a set of bimanual activities. Movements of the trunk and head were recorded using a motion capture system and a digital video recorder...
July 29, 2016: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Kathy Steppe, Jonas S von der Crone, Dirk J W De Pauw is an initiative that has been developed to watch trees grow and function in real-time. It is a water- and carbon-monitoring and modeling network, in which high-quality measurements of sap flow and stem diameter variation are collected on individual trees. Automated data processing using a cloud service enables instant visualization of water movement and radial stem growth. This can be used to demonstrate the sensitivity of trees to changing weather conditions, such as drought, heat waves, or heavy rain showers...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Agata Maslon, Dorota Czechowska, Elzbieta Szczygiel, Joanna Golec, Edward Golec
BACKGROUND: Both walking and running contains the same cyclical movement phases, however, they differ greatly in time proportions, as well as magnitude of acting forces. The objective of this study was to ascertain that the regular jogging activity induced the adaptive modifications of foot pressure distribution pattern in fore-aft and lateral-medial dimensions during walking for female joggers. METHODS: The research base consisted of 96 women between 20 and 50 years of age; and included 50 female active joggers, and 46 of female non- joggers...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman, L Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian D Ferguson
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) are physically less active, preferring more sedentary behavior and are at risk of developing health problems or becoming overweight. 18 children (age 6-10years) with lower levels of motor coordination attending a primary school in a low-income community in South Africa (score on Movement Assessment Battery for Children Second edition equal to or below the 5th percentile) were selected to participate in the study and were age-matched with typically developing peers (TD)...
July 13, 2016: Human Movement Science
Claudia Rodríguez-Aranda, Matthias Mittner, Olena Vasylenko
Aging is accompanied by declines in cognitive and sensorimotor functions. However, at present, the interrelation between attentional processes and dexterity in aging has not been thoroughly addressed. This study explored the relationship between executive function, working memory, and dexterity performance in 15 young and 15 healthy elderly, right-handed participants. A modified version of the Purdue Pegboard Test was used for dexterity assessment. Two subtasks were selected to calculate temporal and kinematic parameters of reaching, grasping, transport, and insertion of pegs...
February 2016: Perceptual and Motor Skills
Gul Oznur Karabicak, Nilay Comuk Balcı, Mustafa Gulsen, Basar Ozturk, Nuri Cetin
[Purpose] The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between femoral anteversion and functional balance and postural control in children with spastic cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty children with spastic cerebral palsy (mean age=12.4 ± 4.5) with grosss motor functional classification system levels I, II, and III were recruited for this study. Functional balance was evaluated using the Pediatric Balance Scale, postural control was evaluated using the Trunk Control Measurement Scale, and femoral anteversion was assessed with a handheld goniometer using the great trochanter prominence method...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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