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Junko Nio-Kobayashi, Hazirah B Z Abidin, Jeremy K Brown, Toshihiko Iwanaga, Andrew W Horne, W Colin Duncan
Sialylation creates a negative charge on the cell surface that can interfere with blastocyst implantation. For example, α2,6-sialylation on terminal galactose, catalyzed by the sialyltransferase ST6GAL1, inhibits the binding of galectin-1, a β-galactoside-binding lectin. We recently reported the potential involvement of galectin-1 and -3 in the pathogenesis of tubal ectopic pregnancy; however, the precise role of galectins and their ligand glycoconjugates remain unclear. Here, we investigated the expression of the genes encoding α2,3- and α2,6-galactoside sialyltransferases (ST3GAL1 - 6 and ST6GAL1 - 2) and the localization of sialic acids in the Fallopian tube of women with or without ectopic implantation...
October 5, 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Akimasa Seno, Tomonari Kasai, Masashi Ikeda, Arun Vaidyanath, Junko Masuda, Akifumi Mizutani, Hiroshi Murakami, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Masaharu Seno
We performed gene expression microarray analysis coupled with spherical self-organizing map (sSOM) for artificially developed cancer stem cells (CSCs). The CSCs were developed from human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) with the conditioned media of cancer cell lines, whereas the CSCs were induced from primary cell culture of human cancer tissues with defined factors (OCT3/4, SOX2, and KLF4). These cells commonly expressed human embryonic stem cell (hESC)/hiPSC-specific genes (POU5F1, SOX2, NANOG, LIN28, and SALL4) at a level equivalent to those of control hiPSC 201B7...
2016: Cancer Informatics
Maria Elena Ortiz-Soto, Jürgen Seibel
Sialyltransferases (STs) are disulfide-containing, type II transmembrane glycoproteins that catalyze the transfer of sialic acid to proteins and lipids and participate in the synthesis of the core structure oligosaccharides of human milk. Sialic acids are found at the outermost position of glycostructures, playing a key role in health and disease. Sialylation is also essential for the production of recombinant therapeutic proteins (RTPs). Despite their importance, availability of sialyltransferases is limited due to the low levels of stable, soluble and active protein produced in bacterial expression systems, which hampers biochemical and structural studies on these enzymes and restricts biotechnological applications...
2016: PloS One
Shunsuke Kidani, Hidenori Kaneoka, Yuya Okuzaki, Seiya Asai, Yusuke Kojima, Ken-Ichi Nishijima, Shinji Iijima
The chicken β-galactoside α2,3-sialyltransferase 1, 2, and 5 (ST3Gal1, 2, and 5) genes were cloned, and their enzymes were expressed in 293FT cells. ST3Gal1 and 2 exhibited enzymatic activities toward galactose-β1,3-N-acetylgalactosamine and galactose-β1,3-N-acetylglucosamine. ST3Gal5 only exhibited activity toward lactosylceramide. ST3Gal1 and 2 and previously cloned ST3Gal3 and 6 transferred CMP-sialic acid to asialofetuin. Reverse-transcription-quantitative PCR indicated that ST3Gal1 was expressed at higher levels in the trachea, lung, spleen, and magnum, and the strong expression of ST3Gal5 was observed in the spleen, magnum, and small and large intestines...
October 2016: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Yan Li, Shihua Luo, Weijie Dong, Xiaobo Song, Huimin Zhou, Lifen Zhao, Li Jia
The aberrant sialylation profile on the surface of leukemia cells has been recognized for its potential diagnostic value towards assessing leukemia multidrug resistance (MDR). MicroRNAs as endogenous regulators of gene expression have been implicated in treating MDR. In this study, we describe the differential expressional profiles of α-2, 3-sialyltransferases (ST) and miR-4701-5p in three pairs of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell lines and 48 clinical samples of bone marrow mononuclear cells from CML patients...
July 2016: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
W H Dong, C H Dai, L Sun, J Wang, S Y Sun, G Q Zhu, S L Wu, W B Bao
A pioneering study showed that the glycosphingolipid biosynthesis-globo series pathway genes (FUT1, FUT2, ST3GAL1, HEXA, HEXB, B3GALNT1 and NAGA) may play an important regulatory role in resistance to Escherichia coli F18 in piglets. Therefore, we analysed differential gene expression in 11 tissues of two populations of piglets sensitive and resistant respectively to E. coli F18 and the correlation of differential gene expression in duodenal and jejunal tissues. We found that the mRNA expression of the seven genes was relatively high in spleen, liver, lung, kidney, stomach and intestinal tract; the levels in thymus and lymph nodes were lower, with the lowest levels in heart and muscle...
August 2016: Animal Genetics
Seok-Ho Yu, Peng Zhao, Tiantian Sun, Zhongwei Gao, Kelley W Moremen, Geert-Jan Boons, Lance Wells, Richard Steet
Selective exo-enzymatic labeling (or SEEL) uses recombinant glycosyltransferases and nucleotide-sugar analogues to allow efficient labeling of cell surface glycans. SEEL can circumvent many of the possible issues associated with metabolic labeling, including low incorporation of sugar precursors, and allows for sugars to be added selectively to different types of glycans by virtue of the inherent specificity of the glycosyltransferases. Here we compare the labeling of sialoglycoproteins in undifferentiated and differentiated human erythroleukemia cells (HEL) using SEEL using the sialyltransferases ST6Gal1 and ST3Gal1, which label N- and O-glycans, respectively...
February 19, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yuk Kien Chong, Edwin Sandanaraj, Lynnette W H Koh, Moogaambikai Thangaveloo, Melanie S Y Tan, Geraldene R H Koh, Tan Boon Toh, Grace G Y Lim, Joanna D Holbrook, Oi Lian Kon, Mahendran Nadarajah, Ivan Ng, Wai Hoe Ng, Nguan Soon Tan, Kah Leong Lim, Carol Tang, Beng Ti Ang
BACKGROUND: Cell surface sialylation is associated with tumor cell invasiveness in many cancers. Glioblastoma is the most malignant primary brain tumor and is highly infiltrative. ST3GAL1 sialyltransferase gene is amplified in a subclass of glioblastomas, and its role in tumor cell self-renewal remains unexplored. METHODS: Self-renewal of patient glioma cells was evaluated using clonogenic, viability, and invasiveness assays. ST3GAL1 was identified from differentially expressed genes in Peanut Agglutinin-stained cells and validated in REMBRANDT (n = 390) and Gravendeel (n = 276) clinical databases...
February 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Xiaoqian Qian, Xuechen Li, Titilayo O Ilori, Janet D Klein, Rebecca P Hughey, Cong-Jun Li, Abdel A Alli, Zhengyu Guo, Peng Yu, Xiang Song, Guangping Chen
UNLABELLED: The UT-A1 urea transporter is crucial to the kidney's ability to generate concentrated urine. Native UT-A1 from kidney inner medulla (IM) is a heavily glycosylated protein with two glycosylation forms of 97 and 117 kDa. In diabetes, UT-A1 protein abundance, particularly the 117 kD isoform, is significantly increased corresponding to an increased urea permeability in perfused IM collecting ducts, which plays an important role in preventing the osmotic diuresis caused by glucosuria...
2015: Frontiers in Physiology
David C Watson, Warren W Wakarchuk, Christian Gervais, Yves Durocher, Anna Robotham, Steve M Fernandes, Ronald L Schnaar, N Martin Young, Michel Gilbert
Legionaminic acids are analogs of sialic acid that occur in several bacteria. The most commonly occurring form is Leg5Ac7Ac, which differs from Neu5Ac only at the C7 (acetamido) and C9 (deoxy) positions. While these differences greatly reduce the susceptibility of Leg compounds to sialidases, several sialyltransferases have been identified that can use CMP-Leg5Ac7Ac as a donor (Watson et al. 2011). We report the successful modification with Leg5Ac7Ac of a glycolipid, GM1a, and two glycoproteins, interferon-α2b and α1-antitrypsin, by means of two mammalian sialyltransferases, namely porcine ST3Gal1 and human ST6Gal1...
December 2015: Glycoconjugate Journal
Alvino Maestri, Vinicius Albuquerque Sortica, Luciana Tovo-Rodrigues, Mirleide Cordeiro Santos, Luana Barbagelata, Milene Raiol Moraes, Wyller Alencar de Mello, Leonor Gusmão, Rita Catarina Medeiros Sousa, Sidney Emanuel Batista Dos Santos
Different host genetic variants may be related to the virulence and transmissibility of pandemic Influenza A(H1N1)pdm09, influencing events such as binding of the virus to the entry receptor on the cell of infected individuals and the host immune response. In the present study, two genetic variants of the ST3GAL1 gene, which encodes the Siaα2-3Galβ1- receptor to which influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus binds for entry into the host cell, were investigated in an admixed Brazilian population. First, the six exons encoding the ST3GAL1 gene were sequenced in 68 patients infected with strain A(H1N1)pdm09...
2015: PloS One
Diana Czuchry, Paul Desormeaux, Melissa Stuart, Donald L Jarvis, Khushi L Matta, Walter A Szarek, Inka Brockhausen
UNLABELLED: The sialyl-T antigen sialylα2-3Galβ1-3GalNAc is a common O-glycan structure in human glycoproteins and is synthesized by sialyltransferase ST3Gal1. The enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli serotype O104 has the rare ability to synthesize a sialyl-T antigen mimic. We showed here that the wbwA gene of the E. coli O104 antigen synthesis gene cluster encodes an α2,3-sialyltransferase WbwA that transfers sialic acid from CMP-sialic acid to Galβ1-3GalNAcα-diphosphate-lipid acceptor...
December 2015: Journal of Bacteriology
Saori Inafuku, Kousuke Noda, Maho Amano, Tetsu Ohashi, Chikako Yoshizawa, Wataru Saito, Miyuki Murata, Atsuhiro Kanda, Shin-Ichiro Nishimura, Susumu Ishida
PURPOSE: To investigate the alteration of vitreal N-glycans in patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: Plasma and vitreous samples were collected from 17 patients (10 females and 7 males) with PDR (PDR group) and 17 nondiabetic patients (8 females and 9 males) with epiretinal membrane (ERM) and idiopathic macular hole (MH) (non-diabetes mellitus [DM] group). Profiles of N-glycans were analyzed by a glycoblotting-based high-throughput protocol that we recently developed...
August 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Ye Ji Jeong, Ga-Young Kang, Jong Hwa Kwon, Hyung-Do Choi, Jeong-Ki Pack, Nam Kim, Yun-Sil Lee, Hae-June Lee
The involvement of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) in the neurodegenerative disease, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD), has received wide consideration, however, outcomes from several researches have not shown consistency. In this study, we determined whether RF-EMF influenced AD pathology in vivo using Tg-5xFAD mice as a model of AD-like amyloid β (Aβ) pathology. The transgenic (Tg)-5xFAD and wild type (WT) mice were chronically exposed to RF-EMF for 8 months (1950 MHz, SAR 5W/kg, 2 hrs/day, 5 days/week)...
2015: Current Alzheimer Research
David C Watson, Warren W Wakarchuk, Sonia Leclerc, Melissa J Schur, Ian C Schoenhofen, N Martin Young, Michel Gilbert
Legionaminic acids (Leg) are bacterial analogs of neuraminic acid, with the same stereochemistry but different substituents at C5, C7 and C9. Hence they may be incorporated into useful analogs of sialoglycoconjugates, and we previously reported two sialyltransferases that could utilize cytidine monophosphate (CMP)-Leg5Ac7Ac for preparation of Leg glycoconjugates, which were resistant to sialidases [Watson DC, Leclerc S, Wakarchuk WW, Young NM. 2011. Enzymatic synthesis and properties of glycoconjugates with legionaminic acid as a replacement for neuraminic acid...
July 2015: Glycobiology
Narasimhan P Agaram, Yun-Shao Sung, Lei Zhang, Chun-Liang Chen, Hsiao-Wei Chen, Samuel Singer, Mark A Dickson, Michael F Berger, Cristina R Antonescu
Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasms (PEComa) are a family of rare mesenchymal tumors with hybrid myo-melanocytic differentiation. Although most PEComas harbor loss-of-function TSC1/TSC2 mutations, a small subset were reported to carry TFE3 gene rearrangements. As no comprehensive genomic study has addressed the molecular classification of PEComa, we sought to investigate by multiple methodologies the incidence and spectrum of genetic abnormalities and their potential genotype-phenotype correlations in a large group of 38 PEComas...
June 2015: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Armen Petrosyan, Melissa S Holzapfel, David E Muirhead, Pi-Wan Cheng
UNLABELLED: Prostate cancer progression is associated with upregulation of sialyl-T antigen produced by β-galactoside α-2,3-sialyltransferase-1 (ST3Gal1) but not with core 2-associated polylactosamine despite expression of core 2 N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase-L (C2GnT-L/GCNT1). This property allows androgen-refractory prostate cancer cells to evade galectin-1 (LGALS1)-induced apoptosis, but the mechanism is not known. We have recently reported that Golgi targeting of glycosyltransferases is mediated by golgins: giantin (GOLGB1) for C2GnT-M (GCNT3) and GM130 (GOLGA2)-GRASP65 (GORASP1) or GM130-giantin for core 1 synthase...
December 2014: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Lu Meng, Farhad Forouhar, David Thieker, Zhongwei Gao, Annapoorani Ramiah, Heather Moniz, Yong Xiang, Jayaraman Seetharaman, Sahand Milaninia, Min Su, Robert Bridger, Lucas Veillon, Parastoo Azadi, Gregory Kornhaber, Lance Wells, Gaetano T Montelione, Robert J Woods, Liang Tong, Kelley W Moremen
Glycan structures on glycoproteins and glycolipids play critical roles in biological recognition, targeting, and modulation of functions in animal systems. Many classes of glycan structures are capped with terminal sialic acid residues, which contribute to biological functions by either forming or masking glycan recognition sites on the cell surface or secreted glycoconjugates. Sialylated glycans are synthesized in mammals by a single conserved family of sialyltransferases that have diverse linkage and acceptor specificities...
November 29, 2013: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Chun Xu, Nagesh Aragam, Xia Li, Erika Cynthia Villla, Liang Wang, David Briones, Leonora Petty, Yolanda Posada, Tania Bedard Arana, Grace Cruz, ChunXiang Mao, Cynthia Camarillo, Brenda Bin Su, Michael A Escamilla, KeSheng Wang
Schizophrenia is a chronic and debilitating psychiatric condition affecting slightly more than 1% of the population worldwide and it is a multifactorial disorder with a high degree of heritability (80%) based on family and twin studies. Increasing lines of evidence suggest intermediate phenotypes/endophenotypes are more associated with causes of the disease and are less genetically complex than the broader disease spectrum. Negative symptoms in schizophrenia are attractive intermediate phenotypes based on their clinical and treatment response features...
2013: PloS One
Elizabeth R Sturgill, Kazuhiro Aoki, Pablo H H Lopez, Daniel Colacurcio, Katarina Vajn, Ileana Lorenzini, Senka Majić, Won Ho Yang, Marija Heffer, Michael Tiemeyer, Jamey D Marth, Ronald L Schnaar
Gangliosides-sialylated glycosphingolipids-are the major glycoconjugates of nerve cells. The same four structures-GM1, GD1a, GD1b and GT1b-comprise the great majority of gangliosides in mammalian brains. They share a common tetrasaccharide core (Galβ1-3GalNAcβ1-4Galβ1-4Glcβ1-1'Cer) with one or two sialic acids on the internal galactose and zero (GM1 and GD1b) or one (GD1a and GT1b) α2-3-linked sialic acid on the terminal galactose. Whereas the genes responsible for the sialylation of the internal galactose are known, those responsible for terminal sialylation have not been established in vivo...
October 2012: Glycobiology
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