Read by QxMD icon Read

crystal violet

Maryam Pourhajibagher, Nasim Chiniforush, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh, Abbas Bahador
BACKGROUND: Photo-activated disinfection (PAD) is a novel treatment approach, in which bacteria in the root canal system may be exposed to sub-lethal doses of PAD. Such exposure can affect bacterial survival and virulence features, such as biofilm formation ability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sub-lethal doses of PAD (sPAD) using indocyanine green (ICG) on load and biofilm formation ability of Porphyromonas gingivalis as an anaerobic bacterium associated with endodontic infection...
October 12, 2016: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
Christian Hernández, Anne-Marie Farnet Da Silva, Fabio Ziarelli, Isabelle Perraud-Gaime, Beatriz Gutiérrez-Rivera, José Antonio García-Pérez, Enrique Alarcón
The use of synthetic dyes for laccase induction in vivo has been scarcely explored. We characterized the effect of adding different synthetic dyes to liquid cultures of Pycnoporus sanguineus on laccase production. We found that carminic acid (CA) can induce 722 % and alizarin yellow 317 % more laccase than control does, and they promoted better fungal biomass development in liquid cultures. Aniline blue and crystal violet did not show such positive effect. CA and alizarin yellow were degraded up to 95 % during P...
October 14, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Philip C Trackman, Debashree Saxena, Manish V Bais
A simple method for the determination of relative levels of insoluble collagen accumulation in fibroblast cultures is presented. Confluent cell cultures are provided with sodium ascorbate which is then permissive for collagen deposition. At intervals, cultures are fixed and stained successively with sirius red and then crystal Violet to, respectively, assess for relative changes in collagen accumulation in response to factors such as TGF-β1 or matricellular CCN2 and changes in DNA content as an index of changes in cell density...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Chandra Nath Roy, Debasmita Ghosh, Somrita Mondal, Somashree Kundu, Susmita Maiti, Abhijit Saha
The mechanism of surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is not very clear in view of the magnitude of contribution of electromagnetic factor as well as chemical mechanism. The present report presents the extent of adsorptions at different temperatures in terms of signal enhancements in the process of SERS employing synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) of various shapes as substrate and dye molecules, crystal violet or rhodamine 6G as model Raman probe. With rising temperature for chemisorptions, the SERS signal increases to a certain temperature and subsequently decreases gradually...
October 10, 2016: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Noor Tahir, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Munawar Iqbal, Saima Noreen
Composites of polyaniline, starch, polypyrrole, chitosan aniline and chitosan pyrrole using peanut waste were prepared and employed for the adsorption of Crystal Violet (CV) dye from aqueous media. The process variables i.e., composite doses, pH, contact time, CV initial concentration and temperature were optimized. Thermodynamic, equilibrium modelling and kinetics models were fitted to the CV adsorption data in order to understand the mechanism and nature of CV adsorption onto native and composite adsorbents...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Muhammad Bilal, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Hongbo Hu, Wei Wang, Xuehong Zhang
In this study, horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was immobilized onto chitosan beads by entrapment method and employed for the degradation of textile dyes. Stable and firm quality chitosan beads developed with 2.5% chitosan concentration exhibited maximum immobilization yield (~92.54±2.53%). The pH optimum of chitosan-immobilized HRP (CTS-HRP) was marginally displaced towards alkaline region (pH7.5) than that of F-HRP which displayed its optimum activity at pH7.0. The free HRP (F-HRP) and CTS-HRP enzyme presented their maximum catalytic activities at 30°C and 70°C, respectively...
October 6, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Jeffrey B Kaplan, Vandana Sampathkumar, Meriem Bendaoud, Alexander K Giannakakis, Edward T Lally, Nataliya V Balashova
The Gram-negative bacterium Kingella kingae is part of the normal oropharyngeal mucosal flora of children under four years old. K. kingae can enter the submucosa and cause infections of the skeletal system in children including septic arthritis and osteomyelitis. The organism is also associated with infective endocarditis in children and adults. Although biofilm formation has been coupled with pharyngeal colonization, osteoarticular infections, and infective endocarditis, no studies have investigated biofilm formation in K...
October 7, 2016: Molecular Oral Microbiology
Chuanfen Pu, Wenting Tang
Contamination of Listeria monocytogenes in food and their processing environment is a focus of attention in the food industry. To achieve the controlled release of antibacterial agents to a food processing environment contaminated by L. monocytogenes, chitosan-stabilised liposomes encapsulating Apep10 (GLARCLAGTL), an antibacterial peptide derived from boiled-dried anchovies, were prepared by utilising listeria toxins to activate the peptide release. Characteristics including the particle size, polydispersity index (PDI), encapsulation efficiency (EE), and morphology of the chitosan-coated Apep10 liposomes were investigated...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
Yin Zhang, Yu-Xiu Zou, Fang Liu, Yi-Ting Xu, Xue-Wei Wang, Yunjie Li, Hao Liang, Long Chen, Zhuo Chen, Weihong Tan
Various interferences from measurement conditions and substrate inhomogeneity are well-known confounding factors for poor reproducibility which is a challenge in SERS quantification. To address these issues, novel substrates and versatile internal standards have been designed and the repeatability is improved to some degree. However, these internal standards are either complex or unstable enough to resist harsh environments such as acid and oxidation. Graphene-isolated-Au-nanocrystal (GIAN) has unique properties and been applied for cell multimodal imaging and chemotherapy but not for SERS quantification analysis yet...
October 7, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Chang Sung Lim, Aleksandr S Aleksandrovsky, Maxim S Molokeev, Aleksandr S Oreshonkov, Denis A Ikonnikov, Victor V Atuchin
Triple molybdate NaCaLa(1-x-y)(MoO4)3:xEr(3+),yYb(3+) (x = y = 0, x = 0.05 and y = 0.45, x = 0.1 and y = 0.2, x = 0.2 and y = 0) phosphors were successfully synthesized for the first time by the microwave sol-gel method. Well-crystallized particles formed after heat treatment at 900 °C for 16 h showed a fine and homogeneous morphology with particle sizes of 2-3 μm. The structures were refined by the Rietveld method in the space group I41/a. The optical properties were examined comparatively using photoluminescence emission and Raman spectroscopy...
October 4, 2016: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Enea G Di Domenico, Luigi Toma, Christian Provot, Fiorentina Ascenzioni, Isabella Sperduti, Grazia Prignano, Maria T Gallo, Fulvia Pimpinelli, Valentina Bordignon, Thierry Bernardi, Fabrizio Ensoli
Microbial biofilm represents a major virulence factor associated with chronic and recurrent infections. Pathogenic bacteria embedded in biofilms are highly resistant to environmental and chemical agents, including antibiotics and therefore difficult to eradicate. Thus, reliable tests to assess biofilm formation by bacterial strains as well as the impact of chemicals or antibiotics on biofilm formation represent desirable tools for a most effective therapeutic management and microbiological risk control. Current methods to evaluate biofilm formation are usually time-consuming, costly, and hardly applicable in the clinical setting...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Manjula M Weerasekera, Gayan K Wijesinghe, Thilini A Jayarathna, Chinthika P Gunasekara, Neluka Fernando, Nilwala Kottegoda, Lakshman P Samaranayake
As there are sparse data on the impact of growth media on the phenomenon of biofilm development for Candida we evaluated the efficacy of three culture media on growth, adhesion and biofilm formation of two pathogenic yeasts, Candida albicans and Candida tropicalis. The planktonic phase yeast growth, either as monocultures or mixed cultures, in sabouraud dextrose broth (SDB), yeast nitrogen base (YNB), and RPMI 1640 was compared, and adhesion as well as biofilm formation were monitored using MTT and crystal violet (CV) assays and scanning electron microscopy...
October 3, 2016: Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Elisabetta Bandiera, Paola Todeschini, Chiara Romani, Laura Zanotti, Eugenio Erba, Benedetta Colmegna, Eliana Bignotti, Alessandro Davide Santin, Enrico Sartori, Franco Edoardo Odicino, Sergio Pecorelli, Renata Alessandra Tassi, Antonella Ravaggi
Innovative therapies in cervical cancer (CC) remain a priority. Recent data indicate that human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-protease inhibitors used in highly active antiretroviral therapy can exert direct antitumor activities also in HIV-free preclinical and clinical models. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antineoplastic effects of various HIV-protease inhibitors (indinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir) on primary and established CC cell lines. Two CC cell lines established in our laboratory and four commercially available CC cell lines were treated with indinavir, ritonavir and saquinavir at different concentrations and for different times...
October 2016: Oncology Letters
Diana Gutiérrez, Claudio Hidalgo-Cantabrana, Ana Rodríguez, Pilar García, Patricia Ruas-Madiedo
Bacteria found in diverse ecosystems grow in a community of aggregated cells that favors their survival and colonization. Different extracellular polymeric substances are used to entrap this multispecies community forming a biofilm, which can be associated to biotic and abiotic surfaces. This widespread and successful way of bacterial life, however, can lead to negative effects for human activity since many pathogen and spoiling bacteria form biofilms which are not easy to eradicate. Therefore, the search for novel anti-biofilm bio-active molecules is a very active research area for which simple, reliable, and fast screening methods are demanded...
2016: PloS One
Somadina Emineke, Alan J Cooper, Sarah Fouch, Brian R Birch, Bashir A Lwaleed
AIMS: Biofilms are ubiquitous and when mature have a complex structure of microcolonies in an extracellular polysaccharide and extracellular DNA matrix. Indwelling medical devices harbour biofilms which have been shown to cause infections and act as reservoirs for pathogens. Urinary catheters are often in place for considerable periods of time and are susceptible to both encrustation and biofilm formation. Strategies for minimising biofilm occurrence underpin an active research area in biomedicine...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Lin Wang, Mary A S Melo, Michael D Weir, Xianju Xie, Mark A Reynolds, Hockin H K Xu
OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of tooth root caries is increasing as the world population ages and tooth retention in seniors increases. Class V restorations with subgingival margins are difficult to clean and often lead to periodontitis. The objectives of this study were to develop a Class V composite containing dimethylaminohexadecyl methacrylate (DMAHDM) and nanoparticles of amorphous calcium phosphate (NACP), and investigate mechanical properties and the inhibition of six species of periodontitis-related biofilms for the first time...
September 23, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Helmut Schweikl, Matthias Widbiller, Stephanie Krifka, Johannes Klement, Christine Petzel, Carola Bolay, Karl-Anton Hiller, Wolfgang Buchalla
OBJECTIVE: Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from cariogenic microorganisms and resin monomers like HEMA (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) included in dentin adhesive are present in a clinical situation in deep dentinal cavity preparations. Here, cell survival, expression of proteins related to redox homeostasis, and viability of mouse macrophages exposed to LPS and HEMA were analyzed with respect to the influence of oxidative stress. METHODS: Cell survival of RAW264.7 mouse macrophages was determined using a crystal violet assay, protein expression was detected by Western blotting, and HEMA- or LPS-induced apoptosis (cell viability) was analyzed by flow cytometry...
September 23, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Zhijie Liang, Zhiwei Zhao, Tianyi Sun, Wenxin Shi, Fuyi Cui
In this study, the spherical mesoporous silica (meso-silica MCM-41) and that inorganically modified with CuO (CuO/MCM-41 nano composite) were synthesized and characterized. It was demonstrated that CuO were successfully loaded in the synthesized nano composite CuO/MCM-41. Importantly, the loaded CuO had a significant enhancement effect on the adsorption of Crystal violet and Methylene blue. Adsorption kinetic of the tested cationic dyes in the synthesized materials fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetic model and Weber's intra-particle diffusion model well...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Srinivasan Natarajan, Jagannatha Gopalakrishnan, Subramani Tamilarasan, M L P Reddy
We describe the synthesis, crystal structures and optical absorption spectra/colours of 3d-transition metal substituted α-LiZnBO3 derivatives: α-LiZn1-xMIIxBO3 [MII = CoII (0 < x < 0.50), NiII (0 < x ≤ 0.05) and CuII (0 < x ≤ 0.10)] and α-Li1+xZn1-2xMIIIxBO3 [MIII = MnIII (0 < x ≤ 0.10) and FeIII (0 < x ≤ 0.25)]. The crystal structure of the host α-LiZnBO3, which is both disordered and distorted with respect to Li and Zn occupancies and coordination geometries, is largely retained in the derivatives, giving rise to unique colours [blue for CoII, magenta for NiII and violet for CuII], that could be of significance for the development of new, inexpensive and environmentally-benevolent pigment materials, especially for the blue colour...
September 23, 2016: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Sabyasachi Ta, Sandip Nandi, Milan Ghosh, Somenath Banerjee, Debasis Das
Combination of pyridine, antipyrine and indole in a single molecule (L2) allows selective recognition of Fe(3+) colorimetrically in CH3CN. The structure of L2 is confirmed from single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The probe displays two different visible bands at 541nm and 715nm in the presence of Fe(3+), associated with two different colors, viz. green and pink-violet allowing determination of unknown Fe(3+) concentration. Interestingly, removal of 2-picolyl group from indole N-center of L2 generates L3 that behaves similarly at low Fe(3+) concentration (>0 to 1...
September 12, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"