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crystal violet

Yulong Tan, Matthias Leonhard, Doris Moser, Su Ma, Berit Schneider-Stickler
OBJECTIVES: Oral candidiasis is one of the most common human fungal infections. While most cases of the Candida species isolated from the oral cavity are Candida albicans, a large number of candidiasis is attributed to non-albicans Candida species. In this study, we aim to evaluate the in vitro inhibition of supernatants of Lactobacillus gasseri and Lactobacillus rhamnosus on the single and mixed species biofilm of non-albicans Candida species, including Candida tropicalis, Candida krusei and Candida parapsilosis...
October 6, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
Zhansheng Jiang, Yanfang Yang, Yinli Yang, Yu Zhang, Zhensong Yue, Zhanyu Pan, Xiubao Ren
Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) as one the most important immune checkpoint was verified to involve in chemotherapy resistance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Ginsenoside Rg3 is isolated from Chinese herb-Panax ginseng which is recognized to boost immune and has anti-cancer activity against a majority of carcinomas including NSCLC. In this study, we aim to identify whether Rg3 could attenuate the PD-L1 expression induced by resistance to cisplatin and draw out the underlying mechanisms of PD-L1 in this process...
October 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Tomer Arbeli, Yakir Liptz, Ravell Bengiat, Michal Levin-Elad
Used Latex gloves found at crime scenes can provide strong evidence against a suspect as they almost certainly contain both the fingermarks and DNA of the perpetrator who had worn them. However, over the years, Latex gloves have proved to be a rather difficult substrate for fingermarks development, with most of the standard techniques producing poor results. In this study, the two main protocols for development on either porous or non-porous surfaces: Ninhydrin-HFE and superglue fuming followed by crystal violet (CV) dyeing, respectively, had been examined on 100 disposable Latex gloves from twenty five donors...
September 28, 2017: Forensic Science International
Wun Hak Choo, Byeonghak Moon, Sulhwa Song, Seung Min Oh
Carcinogenesis is a complex process involving in genotoxic and non-genotoxic pathways. Carcinogenic potential of AgNPs has been predicted by genotoxic effects using several in vitro and in vivo models. However, there is no little information on non-genotoxic effects of AgNPs for carcinogenesis. In vitro cell transformation assay (CTA) can provide specific and sensitive evidence to predict the tumorigenic potential of a chemical, which cannot be supplied by genotoxicity testing. Therefore, we carried out CTA in Balb/c 3T3 A31-1-1 cells to evaluate the carcinogenic potential of silver nanoparticle (AgNPs)...
October 7, 2017: Environmental Health and Toxicology
Li Fangjun, Yang Zhijia
BACKGROUND: Eugenol, a natural compound available in Syzigium aromaticum (cloves), is exploited for various medicinal applications. Eugenol induces apoptosis and functions as an anti-cancer drug in several types of tumors. We investigated the tumor suppressive role and potential mechanisms of eugenol in human lung cancer cells. METHODS: Human embryonic lung fibroblast MRC-5 and lung cancer adenocarcinoma A549 cells were incubated with or without various concentrations of eugenol for 24 hours...
October 12, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
Stephanie A Fong, Amanda Drilling, Sandra Morales, Marjolein E Cornet, Bradford A Woodworth, Wytske J Fokkens, Alkis J Psaltis, Sarah Vreugde, Peter-John Wormald
Introduction:Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections are prevalent amongst chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) sufferers. Many P. aeruginosa strains form biofilms, leading to treatment failure. Lytic bacteriophages (phages) are viruses that infect, replicate within, and lyse bacteria, causing bacterial death. Aim: To assess the activity of a phage cocktail in eradicating biofilms of ex vivo P.aeruginosa isolates from CRS patients. Methods: P. aeruginosa isolates from CRS patients with and without cystic fibrosis (CF) across three continents were multi-locus sequence typed and tested for antibiotic resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Norioki Abe, Nobuhiko Iki
Upon mixing with metal ions such as Cd(II), Tb(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), and Co(II) at pH 10.0, solutions of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) coated with calix[4]arene-p-tetrasulfonate (CAS-AgNP) exhibited multi-coloration from yellow to orange, violet, and green, depending on the metal elements present, which allowed for visual discrimination of the ions. This is contrary to the AgNP sensors exhibiting a uniform color change from yellow to red upon binding of a receptor molecules at the surface of AgNPs to an analyte...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Yawei Zhao, Lianzhi Cui, Yue Pan, Dan Shao, Xiao Zheng, Fan Zhang, Hansi Zhang, Kan He, Li Chen
OBJECTIVES: Cytotoxic chemotherapy is an effective and traditional treatment of ovarian cancer. However, chemotherapy-induced apoptosis may also trigger and ultimately accelerate the repopulation of the small number of adjacent surviving cells. This study mainly focused on the tumour cell repopulation caused by chemotherapy in ovarian cancer and the adjunctive/synergistic effect of Berberine on the prevention of tumour repopulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The transwell system was used to mimic the co-culture of surviving ovarian cancer cells in the microenvironment of cytotoxic chemotherapy-treated dying cells...
October 8, 2017: Cell Proliferation
Edwin D Morales-Álvarez, Claudia M Rivera-Hoyos, Sergio A Poveda-Cuevas, Edwin A Reyes-Guzmán, Aura M Pedroza-Rodríguez, Edgar A Reyes-Montaño, Raúl A Poutou-Piñales
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The replacement image of Fig. 4 provided by the first corresponding author, Aura M. Pedroza-Rodríguez, is incorrect and that the originally submitted Fig. 4 should have been retained. The original article has been corrected.
October 9, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Santanu Sana, Sriparna Datta, Dipa Biswas, Dipanjan Sengupta
Besides potential surface activity and some beneficial physical properties, biosurfactants express antibacterial activity. Bacterial cell membrane disrupting ability of rhamnolipid produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa C2 and a lipopeptide type biosurfactant, BS15 produced by Bacillus stratosphericus A15 was examined against Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 and Escherichia coli K8813. Broth dilution technique was followed to examine minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of both the biosurfactants. The combined effect of rhamnolipid and BS15 against S...
October 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Vijayalakshmi Rajendran, Mayur Vilas Jain
Colony forming or clonogenic assay is an in vitro quantitative technique to examine the capability of a single cell to grow into a large colony through clonal expansion. Clonogenic activity is a sensitive indicator of undifferentiated cancer stem cells. Here, we described the colony forming ability of the isolated breast cancer stem cells from the total population of cancer cells using double-layered, soft agarose-based assay. This method demonstrates that cancer stem cells can survive and generate colony growth in an anchorage-independent culture model...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Puneet Gandhi, Richa Khare
OBJECTIVE: Autofluorescence induced interference is one of the major drawbacks in immunofluorescence analysis of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues, as it decreases the signal-to-noise ratio of specific labeling. Apart from aldehyde-fixation induced artifacts; collagen and elastin, red blood cells and endogenous fluorescent pigment lipofuscin are prime sources of autofluorescence in vascular and aging tissues. We describe herein, an optimized indirect-immunofluorescence method for archival formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues tissues and cryo sections, using a combination of 3-reagents in a specific order, to achieve optimal fluorescence signals and imaging...
October 6, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
Jin-Hyung Lee, Yong-Guy Kim, Jintae Lee
AIMS: Urinary tract infections are caused primarily by uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), and indwelling catheters are usually colonized by UPEC biofilms tolerant to common antibiotics. Hence, UPEC biofilms pose a substantial challenge, and there is an urgent need for effective control strategies. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, 79 essential oils were screened for antibiofilm ability against UPEC. Components of active oils were identified, and their antibiofilm activities were also investigated using 96-well plates with crystal violet assay, scanning electron microscopy, and confocal laser scanning microscopy...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
I Wongpraparatana, O Matangkasombut, P Thanyasrisung, M Panich
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of simulated bleaching with a 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) or a 40% hydrogen peroxide (HP) system on surface roughness of resin composite and resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGI) and streptococcal biofilm formation on these surfaces. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Specimens of nanofilled resin composite and RMGI (n=108 each) were randomly divided into three groups (n=36 each): no treatment control, 10% CP, and 40% HP. The surface roughness values (Ra) were measured before and after treatments...
October 4, 2017: Operative Dentistry
Xuan Liu, Dan Wu, Qing Chang, Jing Zhou, Yongyi Zhang, Zhaona Wang
Rapid detection of surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) signals is in great demand in the fields of biological medicine and environmental monitoring. Herein, a grooved silver nanoplate assembly (GSNA) with an abundance of multiscale gaps has been proposed for the first time and skillfully synthesized to act as an excellent platform for surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy with ultrafast and ultrasensitive detection. By effectively combining the hotspots effect of nanogaps and the trapping effect of gaps in the scale of subwavelength, the Raman signal was greatly enhanced by a factor of 10(10) and the detection limit of Rhodamine 6G (R6G) could reach 5 × 10(-13) M...
October 4, 2017: Nanoscale
Juliana Galletti, Flávia K Tobaldini-Valerio, Sónia Silva, Érika Seki Kioshima, Larissa Trierveiler-Pereira, Marcos Bruschi, Melyssa Negri, Terezinha Inez Estivalet Svidzinski
AIM: The present study evaluated the capacity of three species of Fusarium isolated from onychomycosis to form biofilms and the antibiofilm effect of propolis extract on these biofilms. MATERIALS & METHODS: The biofilms and antibiofilm effects were evaluated by quantifying the colony-forming units, mitochondrial metabolic activity assays, total biomass by crystal violet staining and scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: Propolis extract demonstrated significant antibiofilm efficiency on Fusarium spp...
October 4, 2017: Future Microbiology
Irena Kolouchová, Olga Maťátková, Martina Paldrychová, Zdeněk Kodeš, Eva Kvasničková, Karel Sigler, Alena Čejková, Jan Šmidrkal, Kateřina Demnerová, Jan Masák
Microbial adhesion to surfaces and the subsequent biofilm formation may result in contamination in food industry and in healthcare-associated infections and may significantly affect postoperative care. Some plants produce substances with antioxidant and antimicrobial properties that are able to inhibit the growth of food-borne pathogens. The aim of our study was to evaluate antimicrobial and anti-biofilm effect of baicalein, resveratrol, and pterostilbene on Candida albicans, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Escherichia coli...
October 2, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
Marwa Jardak, Jihene Elloumi-Mseddi, Sami Aifa, Sami Mnif
BACKGROUND: Rosmarinus officinalis L. from Tunisia, popularly known as rosemary, is of a considerable importance for its medicinal uses and aromatic value. The aim of this study was to examine the chemical composition of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil (ROEO) and to evaluate its antibiofilm activity on biofilm-forming bacterium and its anticancer activity on cancer cell lines. METHODS: The chemical composition of Rosmarinus officinalis essential oil (ROEO) was analyzed by GC-MS and its antibacterial activity was evaluated by micro-dilution method...
October 2, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
Faizan A Sadiq, Steve Flint, Lei Yuan, Yun Li, TongJie Liu, GuoQing He
Biofilms on the surface of dairy manufacturing plants are potential reservoirs of microbial contamination. These microbial aggregates may harbour pathogenic and spoilage organisms which contaminate dairy products. The biofilm forming capacity of many spore forming isolates of dairy origin has not been given much attention. The present study explored the biofilm forming potential of 148 isolates, comprising mesophilic and thermophilic bacteria, with particular emphasis on Bacillus licheniformis on polystyrene and stainless steel (SS) surfaces...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Mukunda M Ghimire, Vladimir N Nesterov, Mohammad A Omary
A new aurophilically-bonded cyclic trinuclear gold(I) complex, tris[μ2-(1-ethylimidazolato-N(3),C(2))gold(I)] ([Au3(EtIm)3], 1), has been synthesized and characterized by temperature-dependent crystallographic and photophysical investigations. The crystal packing of 1 reveals two independent molecules in the unit cell, signifying two distinct pairs of dimer-of-trimer units convened by pairwise intermolecular Au···Au interactions of 3.0662(3) and 3.1407(3) Å at 100 K, representing the shortest pairwise intermolecular aurophilic interactions among all cyclic trimetallic gold(I) complexes to date...
September 28, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
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