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Environmental science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725975/supporting-sustainability-initiatives-through-biometeorology-education-and-training
#1
Michael J Allen, Jennifer Vanos, David M Hondula, Daniel J Vecellio, David Knight, Hamed Mehdipoor, Rebekah Lucas, Chris Fuhrmann, Hanna Lokys, Angela Lees, Sheila Tavares Nascimento, Andrew C W Leung, David R Perkins
The International Society of Biometeorology (ISB) has covered significant breadth and depth addressing fundamental and applied societal and environmental challenges in the last 60 years. Biometeorology is an interdisciplinary science connecting living organisms to their environment, but there is very little understanding of the existence and placement of this discipline within formal educational systems and institutions. It is thus difficult to project the ability of members of the biometeorological community-especially the biometeorologists of the future-to help solve global challenges...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725218/all-new-faces-of-diatoms-potential-source-of-nanomaterials-and-beyond
#2
REVIEW
Meerambika Mishra, Ananta P Arukha, Tufail Bashir, Dhananjay Yadav, G B K S Prasad
Nature's silicon marvel, the diatoms have lately astounded the scientific community with its intricate designs and lasting durability. Diatoms are a major group of phytoplanktons involved in the biogeochemical cycling of silica and are virtually inherent in every environment ranging from water to ice to soil. The usage of diatoms has proved prudently cost effective and its handling neither requires costly materials nor sophisticated instruments. Diatoms can easily be acquired from the environment, their culture requires ambient condition and does not involve any costly media or expensive instruments, besides, they can be transported in small quantities and proliferated to a desirable confluence from that scratch, thus are excellent cost effective industrial raw material...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724732/integrating-regulatory-surveys-and-citizen-science-to-map-outbreaks-of-forest-diseases-acute-oak-decline-in-england-and-wales
#3
Nathan Brown, Frank van den Bosch, Stephen Parnell, Sandra Denman
The number of emerging tree diseases has increased rapidly in recent times, with severe environmental and economic consequences. Systematic regulatory surveys to detect and establish the distribution of pests are crucial for successful management efforts, but resource-intensive and costly. Volunteers who identify potential invasive species can form an important early warning network in tree health; however, what these data can tell us and how they can be best used to inform and direct official survey effort is not clear...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724228/a-new-method-for-correlation-analysis-of-compositional-environmental-data-a-worked-example
#4
C Reimann, P Filzmoser, K Hron, P Kynčlová, R G Garrett
Most data in environmental sciences and geochemistry are compositional. Already the unit used to report the data (e.g., μg/l, mg/kg, wt%) implies that the analytical results for each element are not free to vary independently of the other measured variables. This is often neglected in statistical analysis, where a simple log-transformation of the single variables is insufficient to put the data into an acceptable geometry. This is also important for bivariate data analysis and for correlation analysis, for which the data need to be appropriately log-ratio transformed...
July 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723099/fledging-critical-zone-science-for-environmental-sustainability
#5
Yihe Lü, Ting Li, Kun Zhang, Bojie Fu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721691/occupational-therapy-for-adults-with-problems-in-activities-of-daily-living-after-stroke
#6
REVIEW
Lynn A Legg, Sharon R Lewis, Oliver J Schofield-Robinson, Avril Drummond, Peter Langhorne
BACKGROUND: A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Activities of daily living (ADL) are daily home-based activities that people carry out to maintain health and well-being. ADLs include the ability to: eat and drink unassisted, move, go to the toilet, carry out personal hygiene tasks, dress unassisted, and groom. Stroke causes impairment-related functional limitations that may result in difficulties participating in ADLs independent of supervision, direction, or physical assistance...
July 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718804/electromagnetic-differential-measuring-method-application-in-microstrip-sensors-developing
#7
Francisco Javier Ferrández-Pastor, Juan Manuel García-Chamizo, Mario Nieto-Hidalgo
Electromagnetic radiation is energy that interacts with matter. The interaction process is of great importance to the sensing applications that characterize material media. Parameters like constant dielectric represent matter characteristics and they are identified using emission, interaction and reception of electromagnetic radiation in adapted environmental conditions. How the electromagnetic wave responds when it interacts with the material media depends on the range of frequency used and the medium parameters...
July 18, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715688/colorimetric-and-fluorescent-detection-of-hydrazine-with-high-sensitivity-and-excellent-selectivity
#8
Bingjie Shi, Sujie Qi, Mingming Yu, Chunxia Liu, Zhanxian Li, Liuhe Wei, Zhonghai Ni
It is critical to develop probes for rapid, selective, and sensitive detection of the highly toxic hydrazine in both environmental and biological science. In this work, under mild condition, a novel colorimetric and off-on fluorescent probe was synthesized for rapid recognition of hydrazine with excellent selectivity over other various species including some biological species, metal ions and anions. The limit of quantification (LOQ) value was 1.5×10(-4)M-3.2×10(-3)M (colorimetric method) and 1.5×10(-4)M-3...
July 8, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715367/microfluidic-imaging-flow-cytometry-by-asymmetric-detection-time-stretch-optical-microscopy-atom
#9
Anson H L Tang, Queenie T K Lai, Bob M F Chung, Kelvin C M Lee, Aaron T Y Mok, G K Yip, Anderson H C Shum, Kenneth K Y Wong, Kevin K Tsia
Scaling the number of measurable parameters, which allows for multidimensional data analysis and thus higher-confidence statistical results, has been the main trend in the advanced development of flow cytometry. Notably, adding high-resolution imaging capabilities allows for the complex morphological analysis of cellular/sub-cellular structures. This is not possible with standard flow cytometers. However, it is valuable for advancing our knowledge of cellular functions and can benefit life science research, clinical diagnostics, and environmental monitoring...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714934/physical-outdoor-activity-versus-indoor-activity-their-influence-on-environmental-behaviors
#10
Wei-Ta Fang, Eric Ng, Mei-Chuan Chang
There are strong evidences linking physical outdoor activity and health benefits; however, little is known about the impact on environmental behaviors. Thus, this study aims to close this gap by investigating the influence of physical outdoor activity on environmental behaviors. A total of 416 surveys were distributed to students in eight public primary schools located near the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in Taiwan. Findings from the analysis revealed that subjective norms had a more influential effect on environmental behaviors for participants who engaged in physical activity at outdoor parks...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714599/the-utility-of-empirically-assigning-ancestry-groups-in-cross-population-genetic-studies-of-addiction
#11
Roseann E Peterson, Alexis C Edwards, Silviu-Alin Bacanu, Danielle M Dick, Kenneth S Kendler, Bradley T Webb
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Given moderate heritability and significant heterogeneity among addiction phenotypes, successful genome-wide association studies (GWAS) are expected to need very large samples. As sample sizes grow, so can genetic diversity leading to challenges in analyzing these data. Methods for empirically assigning individuals to genetically informed ancestry groups are needed. METHODS: We describe a strategy for empirically assigning ancestry groups in ethnically diverse GWAS data including extensions of principal component analysis (PCA) and population matching through minimum Mahalanobis distance...
July 17, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713068/implementation-of-good-laboratory-practices-glp-in-basic-scientific-research-translating-the-concept-beyond-regulatory-compliance
#12
REVIEW
G B Jena, Sapana Chavan
The principles of Good Laboratory Practices (GLPs) are mainly intended for the laboratories performing studies for regulatory compliances. However, today GLP can be applied to broad disciplines of science to cater to the needs of the experimental objectives, generation of quality data and assay reproducibility. Considering its significance, it can now be applied in academics; industries as well as government set ups throughout the world. GLP is the best way to promote the reliability, reproducibility of the test data and hence facilitates the international acceptability...
July 13, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711585/global-outbreak-of-severe-mycobacterium-chimaera-disease-after-cardiac-surgery-a-molecular-epidemiological-study
#13
Jakko van Ingen, Thomas A Kohl, Katharina Kranzer, Barbara Hasse, Peter M Keller, Anna Katarzyna Szafrańska, Doris Hillemann, Meera Chand, Peter Werner Schreiber, Rami Sommerstein, Christoph Berger, Michele Genoni, Christian Rüegg, Nicolas Troillet, Andreas F Widmer, Sören L Becker, Mathias Herrmann, Tim Eckmanns, Sebastian Haller, Christiane Höller, Sylvia B Debast, Maurice J Wolfhagen, Joost Hopman, Jan Kluytmans, Merel Langelaar, Daan W Notermans, Jaap Ten Oever, Peter van den Barselaar, Alexander B A Vonk, Margreet C Vos, Nada Ahmed, Timothy Brown, Derrick Crook, Theresa Lamagni, Nick Phin, E Grace Smith, Maria Zambon, Annerose Serr, Tim Götting, Winfried Ebner, Alexander Thürmer, Christian Utpatel, Cathrin Spröer, Boyke Bunk, Ulrich Nübel, Guido V Bloemberg, Erik C Böttger, Stefan Niemann, Dirk Wagner, Hugo Sax
BACKGROUND: Since 2013, over 100 cases of Mycobacterium chimaera prosthetic valve endocarditis and disseminated disease were notified in Europe and the USA, linked to contaminated heater-cooler units (HCUs) used during cardiac surgery. We did a molecular epidemiological investigation to establish the source of these patients' disease. METHODS: We included 24 M chimaera isolates from 21 cardiac surgery-related patients in Switzerland, Germany, the Netherlands, and the UK, 218 M chimaera isolates from various types of HCUs in hospitals, from LivaNova (formerly Sorin; London, UK) and Maquet (Rastatt, Germany) brand HCU production sites, and unrelated environmental sources and patients, as well as eight Mycobacterium intracellulare isolates...
July 12, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709032/children-and-youth-s-biopsychosocial-wellbeing-in-the-context-of-energy-resource-activities
#14
REVIEW
Robin S Cox, Pamela Irwin, Leila Scannell, Michael Ungar, Trevor Dixon Bennett
BACKGROUND: Children and youth emerge as key populations that are impacted by energy resource activities, in part because of their developmental vulnerabilities, as well as the compounding effects of energy systems on their families, communities, and physical environments. While there is a larger literature focused on fossil fuel emissions and children, the impacts of many aspects of energy systems on children and youth remain under examined and scattered throughout the health, social science, and environmental science literatures...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707243/research-trends-and-hotspots-related-to-ammonia-oxidation-based-on-bibliometric-analysis
#15
Maosheng Zheng, Hui-Zhen Fu, Yuh-Shan Ho
Ammonia oxidation is the rate-limiting and central step in global biogeochemistry cycle of nitrogen. A bibliometric analysis based on 4314 articles extracted from Science Citation Index Expanded database was carried out to provide insights into publication performances and research trends of ammonia oxidation in the period 1991-2014. These articles were originated from a wide range of 602 journals and 95 Web of Science Categories, among which Applied and Environmental Microbiology and Environmental Sciences took the leading position, respectively...
July 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705470/hypoxia-and-hypoxia-response-associated-molecular-markers-in-esophageal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jurgen Peerlings, Lien Van De Voorde, Cristina Mitea, Ruben Larue, Ala Yaromina, Sebastian Sandeleanu, Linda Spiegelberg, Ludwig Dubois, Philippe Lambin, Felix M Mottaghy
PURPOSE: In this systematic review, the existing evidence of available hypoxia-associated molecular response biomarkers in esophageal cancer (EC) patients is summarized and set into the context of the role of hypoxia in the prediction of esophageal cancer, treatment response and treatment outcome. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PubMed databases using the keywords: hypoxia, esophagus, cancer, treatment outcome and treatment response...
July 10, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701979/protecting-the-environment-for-self-interested-reasons-altruism-is-not-the-only-pathway-to-sustainability
#17
Stefano De Dominicis, P Wesley Schultz, Marino Bonaiuto
Concerns for environmental issues are important drivers of sustainable and pro-environmental behaviors, and can be differentiated between those with a self-enhancing (egoistic) vs. self-transcendent (biospheric) psychological foundation. Yet to date, the dominant approach for promoting pro-environmental behavior has focused on highlighting the benefits to others or nature, rather than appealing to self-interest. Building on the Inclusion Model for Environmental Concern, we argue that egoistic and biospheric environmental concerns, respectively, conceptualized as self-interest and altruism, are hierarchically structured, such that altruism is inclusive of self-interest...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696678/benchmarking-water-quality-from-wastewater-to-drinking-waters-using-reduced-transcriptome-of-human-cells
#18
Pu Xia, Xiaowei Zhang, Hanxin Zhang, Pingping Wang, Mingming Tian, Hongxia Yu
One of the major challenge in environmental science is how to monitor and assess the risk of complex environmental mixtures. In vitro bioassays with limited key toxicological endpoints have been shown to be suitable to evaluate mixtures of organic pollutants in wastewater and recycled water. Omics approaches such as transcriptomics can monitor biological effects at genome-scale. However, few studies have applied omics approach in the assessment of mixtures of organic micropollutants. Here, an omics approach was developed for profiling bioactivity of ten water samples ranging from wastewater to drinking water in human cells by a reduced human transcriptome (RHT) method and dose response modeling...
July 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695264/marine-environmental-emergencies-in-the-north-pacific-ocean-lessons-learned-from-recent-oil-spills
#19
EDITORIAL
Un Hyuk Yim, Jeffrey Short
Increasing marine vessel traffic, and oil and gas exploration and development throughout the North Pacific basin brings increasing risks of oil spills. Recognizing the serious challenges presented to response authorities, this Special Issue was organized by the North Pacific Marine Science Organization to provide an introduction to the current state of scientific understanding regarding the environmental effects of oil spills. Because interactions of spilled oils with biota and their habitats are complex, the most serious environmental damages from these spills are not necessarily those of greatest immediate concern by the public...
July 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693568/anorexia-nervosa-and-cancer-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
Ferrán Catalá-López, Brian Hutton, Jane A Driver, Manuel Ridao, José M Valderas, Ricard Gènova-Maleras, Jaume Forés-Martos, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Diego Macías Saint-Gerons, Eduard Vieta, Alfonso Valencia, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos
BACKGROUND: Anorexia nervosa is characterized by a severe restriction of caloric intake, low body weight, fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, and disturbance of body image. Pathogenesis of the disorder may include genetic predisposition, hormonal changes and a combination of environmental, psychosocial, and cultural factors. Cancer is the second leading cause of death worldwide. At present, no systematic reviews and meta-analyses have evaluated the risk of cancer in people with anorexia nervosa...
July 11, 2017: Systematic Reviews
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