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Maiara Bordignon, Maria Inês Monteiro
Objective: to reflect on the consequences of workplace violence experienced by nursing professionals. Methods: this is a reflection paper based on recent publications related to the subject, particularly researches carried out in Brazil and in other countries. Results: exposure to workplace violence has been associated with health problems in nursing professionals, which may be physical damage, emotional manifestations, and psychic disorders...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
Judith Born, Jürgen Albert, Elizabeth M Borycki, Norbert Butz, Kendall Ho, Josh Koczerginski, Andre W Kushniruk, Johannes Schenkel, Christian Juhra
BACKGROUND: In order to improve access to critical patient data in case of emergency, many countries have begun or intend to implement emergency datasets. In Germany, the German Medical Association developed a medical emergency dataset (MED), which provides the possibility to store information on prior diagnoses, medications, allergies and other emergency-relevant information on the German Electronic Health Card. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to evaluate how the MED can be used internationally...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Stefano Corbella, Roberto Weinstein, Luca Francetti, Silvio Taschieri, Massimo Del Fabbro
The aim of the present study was to systematically review the existing literature on periodontal regenerative procedures in individuals affected by aggressive periodontitis (AgP). An electronic and manual search was performed using an ad hoc prepared search string. All types of study designs were considered acceptable for inclusion. Data about treated patients, baseline clinical parameters, type of surgery, and outcomes were extracted and recorded. A narrative evaluation of the results was performed. After the article-selection process, a total of 22 full-texts were included in the qualitative synthesis...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Hsin-Yi Kathy Cheng, Li-Ying Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Yan-Ying Ju, Chia-Ling Chen, Kevin C Tseng
BACKGROUND: Identifying disability early in life confers long-term benefits for children. The Taipei City Child Development Screening tool, second version (Taipei II) provides checklists for 13 child age groups from 4 months to 6 years. However, the usability of a text-based screening tool largely depends on the literacy level and logical reasoning ability of the caregivers, as well as language barriers caused by increasing numbers of immigrants. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) design and develop a Web-based multimedia version of the current Taipei II developmental screening tool, and (2) investigate the measurement equivalence of this multimedia version to the original paper-based version...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Zsuzsa Győrffy, Zsuzsanna Szél, Edmond Girasek
INTRODUCTION: The aging population and the aging physician society is an important challenge of the New Millenium. Despite this, very few publications are dealing with the older generations' physical and mental well-being, quality of life and working conditions. AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the retired physicians populations' (n = 2112) demographic data, work status, income and health status. METHOD: Data of this representative, cross-sectional epidemiological study was obtained from online and paper-based questionnaires completed by 2112 retired physicians...
October 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
Melissa Cumming, Anthony Osinski, Lynne O'Hearn, Pamela Waksmonski, Michele Herman, Deborah Gordon, Elzbieta Griffiths, Kim Knox, Eileen McHale, Karen Quillen, Jorge Rios, Patricia Pisciotto, Lynne Uhl, Alfred DeMaria, Chester Andrzejewski
A collaboration that grew over time between local hemovigilance stakeholders and the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) resulted in the change from a paper-based method of reporting adverse reactions and monthly transfusion activity for regulatory compliance purposes to statewide adoption of electronic reporting via the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN). The NHSN is a web-based surveillance system that offers the capacity to capture transfusion-related adverse events, incidents, and monthly transfusion statistics from participating facilities...
October 23, 2016: Transfusion
Guangjie Zhang, Qingliang Liao, Zheng Zhang, Qijie Liang, Yingli Zhao, Xin Zheng, Yue Zhang
A piezoelectric paper based on BaTiO3 (BTO) nanoparticles and bacterial cellulose (BC) with excellent output properties for application of nanogenerators (NGs) is reported. A facile and scalable vacuum filtration method is used to fabricate the piezoelectric paper. The BTO/BC piezoelectric paper based NG shows outstanding output performance with open-circuit voltage of 14 V and short-circuit current density of 190 nA cm(-2). The maximum power density generated by this unique BTO/BC structure is more than ten times higher than BTO/polydimethylsiloxane structure...
February 2016: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
Alexandra S Atkins, Vicki Davis, Tina Tseng, Adam Vaughan, Philip Harvey, Tom Patterson, Meera Narasimhan, Richard S E Keefe
Computerized tests benefit from automated scoring procedures and standardized administration instructions. These methods can reduce the potential for rater error. However, especially in patients with severe mental illnesses, the equivalency of traditional and tablet-based tests cannot be assumed. The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) is a pen-and-paper cognitive assessment tool that has been used in hundreds of research studies and clinical trials, and has normative data available for generating age- and gender-corrected standardized scores...
October 19, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
Jian-Feng Guo, Dan-Qun Huo, Mei Yang, Chang-Jun Hou, Jun-Jie Li, Huan-Bao Fa, Hui-Bo Luo, Ping Yang
Herein, we have developed a simple, sensitive and paper-based colorimetric sensor for the selective detection of Chromium (Ⅵ) ions (Cr (VI)). Silanization-titanium dioxide modified filter paper (STCP) was used to trap bovine serum albumin capped gold nanoparticles (BSA-Au NPs), leading to the fabrication of BSA-Au NPs decorated membrane (BSA-Au NPs/STCP). The BSA-Au NPs/STCP operated on the principle that BSA-Au NPs anchored on the STCP were gradually etched by Cr (VI) as the leaching process of gold in the presence of hydrobromic acid (HBr) and hence induced a visible color change...
December 1, 2016: Talanta
Yaoyao Zhao, Zhenwei Wei, Hansen Zhao, Jia Jia, Zhenzhen Chen, Sichun Zhang, Zheng Ouyang, Xiaoxiao Ma, Xinrong Zhang
Current detection methods for paper-based analytical devices (PADs) rely on spectroscopic and electrochemical properties, which place special requirements on the analyte or need analyte labelling. Here, ion-transmission mass spectrometry (MS) was proposed for coupling with PADs to enable rapid in situ MS analysis of the sample on paper. The sample was analyzed directly on paper via analyte ionization by ions transmitted through the paper, generated by a low-temperature plasma probe. Prior to MS analysis, the sample can be separated by paper electrophoresis or by paper chromatography, among a variety of other features offered by PADs...
October 21, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Lucy Handscomb, Deborah A Hall, Gillian W Shorter, Derek J Hoare
Purpose: The purpose of this article is to describe data collection considerations, methods, and response rates for a survey available both online and on paper. Methodological issues in the design of online data collection, and advantages and disadvantages of different data collection methods are discussed. Method: A survey was compiled that included 9 full or partial clinical questionnaires designed to measure different components relevant to tinnitus distress...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Audiology
Amanda Whittal, Katja Hanke, Sonia Lippke
BACKGROUND: Increased immigration requires successful interaction of different cultures in various life domains, such as health. This study investigates acculturation orientation (AO) of immigrant patients and doctors native to the country, as a potential factor related to perceived medical advice adherence. DATA AND METHODS: N = 171 immigrant patients (M = 54.38 years, SD = 17.94, range = 23-96, 74.3 % female) and their N = 12 doctors (M = 38.88 years, SD = 13...
October 19, 2016: Quality of Life Research
Mareike Kroll, Revati Phalkey, Sayani Dutta, Sharvari Shukla, Carsten Butsch, Erach Bharucha, Frauke Kraas
BACKGROUND: Despite the rising impact of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on public health in India, lack of quality data and routine surveillance hampers the planning process for NCD prevention and control. Current surveillance programs focus largely on communicable diseases and do not adequately include the private healthcare sector as a major source of care in cities. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to conceptualize, implement, and evaluate a prototype for an urban NCD sentinel surveillance system among private healthcare practitioners providing primary care in Pune, India...
2016: Global Health Action
Talia Orr, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Britney Benoit, Brenda Hewitt, Jennifer Stinson, Patrick McGrath, Donna Dowling
BACKGROUND: Despite an abundance of research that identifies the benefits for both parent and child when parents are actively involved in their infant's care, challenges related to the best methods to engage families persist. PURPOSE: To conduct a feasibility study that aims to understand the preferences of smartphone and Internet use by parents of infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) related to information seeking and active participation in infant care, with a focus on pain management interventions...
October 18, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
Craig Ravesloot, Cathy Berendts, Alex Schiwal
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the environment is taking on increased importance for understanding variability in participation. Most measures of the environment use subjective ratings, yet little is known about how people appraise the environment. OBJECTIVE: /Hypothesis: We conducted this post-hoc study to examine whether or not catastrophizing, an important variable for understanding how pain contributes to disability, may be related to ratings of the environment...
October 5, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
Joel Songok, Martti Toivakka
Paper-based microfluidic devices have received considerable interest due to their benefits with regards to low manufacturing costs, simplicity and the wide scope of applications. However, limitations including sample retention in paper matrix and evaporation as well as low liquid flow rates have often been overlooked. This paper presents a paper-based capillary-driven flow system that speeds up flow rates by utilizing narrow gap geometry between two parallel surfaces separated by a spacer. The top surface is hydrophobic while the bottom surface is a hydrophobic paper substrate with a microfluidic channel defined by a hydrophilic pathway, leaving sides of the channel open to air...
October 18, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jaclyn A Adkins, Eka Noviana, Charles S Henry
An electrochemical paper-based analytical device (ePAD) was developed for quasi-steady flow detection at microwire electrodes, for the first time. The device implements a fan shaped geometry connected to an analysis channel whereby solution is pulled from an inlet, through a channel, and into the steadily increasing capillary network of the fan. The network counteracts the decrease in solution flow rate associated with increasing viscosity within the channel, generating quasi-steady flow within the analysis channel...
October 17, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
Jacob E Kurlander, Arjun R Sondhi, Akbar K Waljee, Stacy B Menees, Cathleen M Connell, Philip S Schoenfeld, Sameer D Saini
BACKGROUND: Bowel preparation is inadequate in a large proportion of colonoscopies, leading to multiple clinical and economic harms. While most patients receive some form of education before colonoscopy, there is no consensus on the best approach. AIMS: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of patient education interventions to improve bowel preparation. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database, CINAHL, EMBASE, Ovid, and Web of Science...
2016: PloS One
Xueyong Ren, Liang He, Yanbin Wang, Junwen Cheng
The optimization extraction process, preliminary characterization and antioxidant activities of polysaccharides from Semen Juglandis (SJP) were studied in this paper. Based on the Box-Behnken experimental design and response surface methodology, the optimal extraction conditions for the SJP extraction were obtained as follows: temperature 88 °C, extraction time 125 min and ratio of liquid to solid 31 mL/g. Under these conditions, experimental extraction yield of SJP was (5.73 ± 0.014)% (n = 5), similar to the predicted value of 5...
October 9, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Yi Lu, Hui Cai, Sheila J Bosch
AIM: This study examined how the spatial characteristics of patient beds, which are influenced by patient room design and nursing unit configuration, affect patients' perceptions about privacy. BACKGROUND: In the hospital setting, most patients expect a certain degree of privacy but also understand that their caregivers need appropriate access to them in order to provide high-quality care. Even veteran healthcare designers may struggle to create just the right balance between privacy and accessibility...
October 12, 2016: HERD
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