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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527301/exploration-of-dietary-patterns-and-alcohol-consumption-in-pregnant-women-in-the-uk-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Victoria Coathup, Lesley Smith, Mary Boulton
BACKGROUND: fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders is a term used to describe a range of physical, cognitive and behavioural deficits in the offspring of women who drank alcohol during pregnancy. A growing body of evidence suggests alcohol consumption in the presence of poor maternal nutrition may increase the risk of harm to the developing fetus. OBJECTIVE: to investigate relationships between maternal dietary patterns and alcohol consumption, and explore which factors influence women's decisions about what to eat and drink during pregnancy...
April 27, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524361/rough-surface-enabled-capacitive-pressure-sensors-with-3d-touch-capability
#2
Kilsoo Lee, Jaehong Lee, Gwangmook Kim, Youngjae Kim, Subin Kang, Sungjun Cho, SeulGee Kim, Jae-Kang Kim, Wooyoung Lee, Dae-Eun Kim, Shinill Kang, DaeEun Kim, Taeyoon Lee, Wooyoung Shim
Fabrication strategies that pursue "simplicity" for the production process and "functionality" for a device, in general, are mutually exclusive. Therefore, strategies that are less expensive, less equipment-intensive, and consequently, more accessible to researchers for the realization of omnipresent electronics are required. Here, this study presents a conceptually different approach that utilizes the inartificial design of the surface roughness of paper to realize a capacitive pressure sensor with high performance compared with sensors produced using costly microfabrication processes...
May 19, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516780/dual-colored-carbon-dots-ratiometric-fluorescent-test-paper-based-on-a-specific-spectral-energy-transfer-for-semi-quantitative-assay-of-copper-ions
#3
Cui Liu, Dianhua Ning, Cheng Zhang, Zhengjie Liu, Ruilong Zhang, Jun Zhao, Tingting Zhao, Bianhua Liu, Zhongping Zhang
Classical pH test papers are widely employed to measure the acid-base degree of media in a qualitative and semi-quantitative way. However, the extension of the portable and inexpensive methods to a wide range of analytes so as to liberate us from the tediousness of instrumental assays remains unsuccessful. Here, we report a novel kind of dual-colored carbon dots (CDs) ratiometric-fluorescent test paper for the semi-quantitative assay of copper ions (Cu2+) by a dosage-sensitive color evolution. The creation of the test paper is based on the two interesting findings: on the one hand, the residual p-phenylenediamine (p-PDA) at the surface of as-synthesized red-emissive CDs (r-CDs) efficiently binds Cu2+ ions to produce a strong visible absorption that overlaps with the emission of blue CDs (b-CDs), on the other hand, Cu2+ ions render small b-CDs adsorbed onto the surface of larger-sized r-CDs through its dual-coordinating interactions with the surface ligands of both r-CDs and b-CDs...
May 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515024/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-towards-blood-donation-among-health-care-providers-in-hospitals-at-bahir-dar-city-ethiopia
#4
Bayeh Abera, Beyan Mohammed, Wendmagegn Betela, Reshid Yimam, Adam Oljira, Merhab Ahmed, Wubet Tsega, Wondemagegn Mulu, Endalew Yizengaw
Like other sub-Saharan Africa, in Ethiopia there is a shortage of adequate and safe blood supplies. Health care providers are potential resource and promoter of voluntary blood donation. This study was conducted to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation among health care providers in Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia. Paper based questionnaire was distributed to 276 health care providers from May 01 to June 30, 2016. Overall, 42.8% had donated blood at least once. Of these, males accounted for 60%...
April 26, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514640/digital-disruption-syndromes
#5
Clair Sullivan, Andrew Staib
The digital transformation of hospitals in Australia is occurring rapidly in order to facilitate innovation and improve efficiency. Rapid transformation can cause temporary disruption of hospital workflows and staff as processes are adapted to the new digital workflows. The aim of this paper is to outline various types of digital disruption and some strategies for effective management. A large tertiary university hospital recently underwent a rapid, successful roll-out of an integrated electronic medical record (EMR)...
May 18, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513731/ag-au-nanoprism-metal-organic-framework-based-paper-for-extending-the-glucose-sensing-range-in-human-serum-and-urine
#6
Pin-Hsuan Huang, Chia Ping Hong, Jian Fan Zhu, Tzu-Ting Chen, Chu-Ting Chan, Yu-Chien Ko, Tien-Li Lin, Zheng-Bang Pan, Ning-Kuei Sun, Ying-Chu Wang, Jong-Jheng Luo, Tzu-Chieh Lin, Chia-Cheng Kang, Jing-Jong Shyue, Mei-Lin Ho
In this work, we present a Ag@Au nanoprism-metal-organic framework-paper based glucose sensor for rapid, sensitive, single-use and quantitative glucose determination in human serum. To achieve painless measurement of glucose with a non-invasive detection methodology, this biosensor was further tested in human urine. In this approach, a new hybrid-Ag@Au nanoprism loaded in close proximity to micrometer sized coordination polymers as phosphorescent luminophores significantly enhanced the emission intensity due to metal-enhanced phosphorescence and worked as reaction sites to support more dissolved oxygen...
May 17, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513665/a-fully-integrated-microchip-system-for-automated-forensic-short-tandem-repeat-analysis
#7
Junping Han, Wupeng Gan, Bin Zhuang, Jing Sun, Lei Zhao, Jian Ye, Yao Liu, Cai-Xia Li, Peng Liu
We have successfully developed an integrated microsystem that combines two plastic microchips for DNA extraction and PCR amplification with a glass capillary array electrophoresis chip together in a compact control and detection instrument for automated forensic short tandem repeat (STR) analysis. DNA extraction followed by an "in situ PCR" was conducted in a single reaction chamber of the microchip based on a filter paper-based extraction methodology. PCR products were then mixed with sizing standards by an injection electrode and injected into the electrophoresis chip for four-color confocal fluorescence detection...
May 17, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512662/a-hospital-wide-transition-from-paper-to-digital-problem-oriented-clinical-notes-a-descriptive-history-and-cross-sectional-survey-of-use-usability-and-satisfaction
#8
Felix H J M Cillessen, Pieter F de Vries Robbé, Marion C J Biermans
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use, usability, and physician satisfaction of a locally developed problem-oriented clinical notes application that replaced paper-based records in a large Dutch university medical center. METHODS: Using a clinical notes database and an application event log file and a cross-sectional survey of usability, authors retrospectively analyzed system usage for medical specialties, users, and patients over 4 years. A standardized questionnaire measured usability...
May 17, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508803/a-first-standardized-swiss-electronic-maternity-record
#9
Michel Murbach, Sabine Martin, Kerstin Denecke, Stephan Nüssli
BACKGROUND: During the nine months of pregnancy, women have to regularly visit several physicians for continuous monitoring of the health and development of the fetus and mother. Comprehensive examination results of different types are generated in this process; documentation and data transmission standards are still unavailable or not in use. Relevant information is collected in a paper-based maternity record carried by the pregnant women. OBJECTIVES: To improve availability and transmission of data, we aim at developing a first prototype for an electronic maternity record for Switzerland...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506711/screening-for-sepsis-in-general-hospitalised-patients-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Laura Alberto, Andrea P Marshall, Rachel Walker, Leanne M Aitken
INTRODUCTION: Sepsis is a common condition observed outside critical care areas. The purpose of this review was to examine the application of sepsis screening tools for early recognition of sepsis in general hospitalised patients to: (i) identify the accuracy of these tools; (ii) determine the outcomes associated with their implementation and; (iii) describe the implementation process. METHOD: A systematic review method was used. PubMed, CINAHL, COCHRANE, SCOPUS, Web of Science and EMBASE databases were systematically searched for primary articles, published from January 1990 to June 2016, that investigated screening tools or alert mechanisms for early identification of sepsis in adult general hospitalized patients...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506015/review-on-pen-and-paper-based-observational-methods-for-assessing-ergonomic-risk-factors-of-computer-work
#11
Mohd Nasrull Abdol Rahman, Siti Shafika Mohamad
BACKGROUND: Computer works are associated with Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs). There are several methods have been developed to assess computer work risk factor related to MSDs. OBJECTIVE: This review aims to give an overview of current techniques available for pen-and-paper-based observational methods in assessing ergonomic risk factors of computer work. METHODS: We searched an electronic database for materials from 1992 until 2015. The selected methods were focused on computer work, pen-and-paper observational methods, office risk factors and musculoskeletal disorders...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505075/knowledge-about-iodine-in-pregnant-and-lactating-women-in-the-oslo-area-norway
#12
Lisa Garnweidner-Holme, Inger Aakre, Anne Marie Lilleengen, Anne Lise Brantsæter, Sigrun Henjum
BACKGROUND: Lack of knowledge about iodine may be a risk factor for iodine deficiency in pregnant and lactating women. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge about iodine and predictors of iodine knowledge scores among pregnant and lactating women. The study also examined whether iodine knowledge scores were associated with iodine status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 804 pregnant women and 175 lactating women from 18 to 44 years of age in 2016 in the Oslo area, Norway...
May 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501745/paper-based-diagnostics-for-personalized-health-care-emerging-technologies-and-commercial-aspects
#13
REVIEW
Kuldeep Mahato, Ananya Srivastava, Pranjal Chandra
Personalized health care (PHC) is being appreciated globally to combat clinical complexities underlying various metabolic or infectious disorders including diabetes, cardiovascular, communicable diseases etc. Effective diagnoses majorly depend on initial identification of the causes which are nowadays being practiced in disease-oriented approach, where personal health profile is often overlooked. The adoption of PHC has shown significantly improved diagnoses in various conditions including emergency, ambulatory, and remote area...
May 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499386/gender-equality-and-human-rights-approaches-to-female-genital-mutilation-a-review-of-international-human-rights-norms-and-standards
#14
REVIEW
Rajat Khosla, Joya Banerjee, Doris Chou, Lale Say, Susana T Fried
Two hundred million girls and women in the world are estimated to have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM), and another 15 million girls are at risk of experiencing it by 2020 in high prevalence countries (UNICEF, 2016. Female genital mutilation/cutting: a global concern. 2016). Despite decades of concerted efforts to eradicate or abandon the practice, and the increased need for clear guidance on the treatment and care of women who have undergone FGM, present efforts have not yet been able to effectively curb the number of women and girls subjected to this practice (UNICEF...
May 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499195/using-the-rubik-s-cube-to-directly-produce-paper-analytical-devices-for-quantitative-point-of-care-aptamer-based-assays
#15
Haiyan Fu, Juanhua Yang, Lin Guo, Jinfang Nie, Qiaobo Yin, Lang Zhang, Yun Zhang
In this article, we describe a facile method named as Rubik's Cube stamping (RCS) for equipment-free fabrication of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs). RCS is inspired by the worldwide ubiquitous RC toy and requires no specialized electric equipment other than a classical six-faced RC that is assembled with home-made small iron components. It can pattern various rosin microstructures in paper simply by either using different functional faces of the modified RC or applying its internal pivot mechanism to adjust the components' patterning forms on one functional face...
May 6, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499086/a-rapid-diagnostic-assay-for-intact-influenza-virus-using-a-high-affinity-hemagglutinin-binding-protein
#16
Caitlin E Anderson, Carly A Holstein, Eva-Maria Strauch, Steven Bennett, Aaron Chevalier, Jorgen W Nelson, Elain Fu, David Baker, Paul Yager
Influenza is a ubiquitous and recurring infection that results in approximately 500,000 deaths globally each year. Commercially available rapid diagnostic tests are based upon detection of the influenza nucleoprotein, which are limited in that they are unable to differentiate by species and require an additional viral lysis step. Sample pre-processing can be minimized or eliminated by targeting the intact influenza virus, thereby reducing assay complexity and leveraging the large number of hemagglutinin proteins on the surface of each virus...
May 12, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497471/clinician-perspectives-on-symptom-and-quality-of-life-experiences-of-patients-during-cancer-therapies-implications-for-ehealth
#17
Donna L Berry, Manan M Nayak, Janet L Abrahm, Ilana Braun, Michael S Rabin, Mary E Cooley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to explore clinician experiences with cancer symptom and quality of life (SQL) management from diagnosis throughout therapy in the ambulatory setting, plus identify preferences for a future SQL decision support system. METHODS: Eligible clinicians worked in ambulatory cancer care with responsibility for direct patient care. Focus groups (FG) were conducted to discuss symptom management throughout the treatment experience and features desired in a future decision support system...
May 12, 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495349/factors-that-impact-patient-web-portal-readiness-pwpr-among-the-underserved
#18
Priya Nambisan
OBJECTIVE: Healthcare organizations in the US are increasingly using Patient Portals as a means to provide patients with partial access to their health records and thereby comply with the 'meaningful use' of Health Information Technology policy issued by the US federal government. Patient portals are used to not only provide access to parts of the health records such as lab results but also offer services such as customized educational materials and appointment scheduling. While prior studies examining the adoption rates of these patient portals have not offered consistent findings, many of the studies have reported limited adoption and use [1] of patient portals, especially among the underserved population...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490612/pathology-update-to-the-manchester-scoring-system-based-on-testing-in-over-4000-families
#19
D Gareth Evans, Elaine F Harkness, Inga Plaskocinska, Andrew J Wallace, Tara Clancy, Emma R Woodward, Tony A Howell, Marc Tischkowitz, Fiona Lalloo
BACKGROUND: While the requirement for thresholds for testing for mutations in BRCA1/2 is being questioned, they are likely to remain for individuals unaffected by a relevant cancer. It is still useful to provide pretesting likelihoods, but models need to take into account tumour pathology. METHODS: The Manchester Scoring System (MSS) is a well-used, simple, paper-based model for assessing carrier probability that already incorporates pathology data. We have used mutation testing data from 4115 unrelated samples from affected non-Jewish individuals alongside tumour pathology to further refine the scoring system...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487458/the-impact-of-demand-management-strategies-on-parents-decision-making-for-out-of-hours-primary-care-findings-from-a-survey-in-the-netherlands
#20
Marie-Jeanne Giesen, Ellen Keizer, Julia van de Pol, Joris Knoben, Michel Wensing, Paul Giesen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the potential impact of demand management strategies on patient decision-making in medically non-urgent and urgent scenarios during out-of-hours for children between the ages of 0 and 4 years. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey with paper-based case scenarios. A survey was sent to all 797 parents of children aged between 0 and 4 years from four Dutch general practitioner (GP) practices. Four demand management strategies (copayment, online advice, overview medical cost and GP appointment next morning) were incorporated in two medically non-urgent and two urgent case scenarios...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Open
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