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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813013/recent-advances-in-electrospun-nanofiber-interfaces-for-biosensing-devices
#1
REVIEW
Eleni Sapountzi, Mohamed Braiek, Jean-François Chateaux, Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault, Florence Lagarde
Electrospinning has emerged as a very powerful method combining efficiency, versatility and low cost to elaborate scalable ordered and complex nanofibrous assemblies from a rich variety of polymers. Electrospun nanofibers have demonstrated high potential for a wide spectrum of applications, including drug delivery, tissue engineering, energy conversion and storage, or physical and chemical sensors. The number of works related to biosensing devices integrating electrospun nanofibers has also increased substantially over the last decade...
August 16, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812826/a-policy-analysis-on-the-proactive-prevention-of-chronic-disease-learnings-from-the-initial-implementation-of-integrated-measurement-for-early-detection-mido
#2
Roberto Tapia-Conyer, Rodrigo Saucedo-Martínez, Ricardo Mújica-Rosales, Héctor Gallardo-Rincón, Evan Lee, Craig Waugh, Lucía Guajardo, Braulio Torres-Beltrán, Úrsula Quijano-González, Mauricio López-Mendez, Elena Rose Atkinson
Mexico, like many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), faces an epidemic of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), specifically diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and lipid disorders. Many people with these NCDs may not be aware that they have a disease, pointing to the need for broader screening programs. The traditional prevention policy in Mexico was based on screening with a paper-based risk factor questionnaire. However, this was used to screen patients already seeking healthcare services at facilities, and screening goals were set as a function of the number of questionnaires applied, not number of individuals screened...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809488/text-displaying-colorimetric-paper-based-analytical-device
#3
Kentaro Yamada, Koji Suzuki, Daniel Citterio
This paper describes a paper-based analytical device allowing the direct semiquantitative interpretation of the result of a chemical assay in the form of "text". The combined use of a classical colorimetric indicator system and an additional inert colorant enables a versatile text-displaying detection mechanism on a paper device. For proof-of-concept, urinary protein has been selected as a model analytical target. The whole text-displaying paper device has been developed based on printing techniques including wax printing, inkjet printing, and 3D printing...
August 15, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809188/clinical-supervision-of-interns-understanding-the-view-of-interns-and-the-potential-of-ict-to-deliver-supervision-for-safer-patient-care
#4
Kwang Chien Yee, Angela Madden, Rosie Nash, Michael Connolly
Clinical communication and clinical supervision of junior healthcare professionals are identified as the two most common preventable factors to reduce medical errors. While multiple strategies have been implemented to improve clinical communication, clinical supervision has not attracted as much attention. This is in part due to the lack of understanding of clinical supervision. Furthermore, there is a lack of exploration of information communication technology (ICT) in assisting the delivery of clinical supervision from the perspective of users (i...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807104/understanding-practitioner-professionalism-in-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-health-lessons-from-student-and-registrar-placements-at-an-urban-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-primary-healthcare-service
#5
Deborah A Askew, Vivian J Lyall, Shaun C Ewen, David Paul, Melissa Wheeler
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples continue to be pathologised in medical curriculum, leaving graduates feeling unequipped to effectively work cross-culturally. These factors create barriers to culturally safe health care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. In this pilot pre-post study, the learning experiences of seven medical students and four medical registrars undertaking clinical placements at an urban Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary healthcare service in 2014 were followed...
August 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806669/griess-reaction-based-paper-strip-for-colorimetric-fluorescent-sers-triple-sensing-of-nitrite
#6
Dan Li, Yadan Ma, Huazhen Duan, Wei Deng, Dawei Li
This study demonstrates a novel strategy for colorimetric/fluorescent/surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) triple-mode sensing of nitrite based on Griess reaction modulated gold nanorods (GNRs)-Azo-gold nanoparticles (GNPs) (GNRs-Azo-GNPs) assembly. The p-aminothiophenol (PATP)-capped GNRs (GNRs@PATP) and 1,8-diaminonaphthalene (DAP)-modified GNPs (GNPs@DAP) are first synthesized through Au-S and Au-N bonds, respectively. Upon being excited at 365nm, the dispersion of GNRs-GNPs (GNRs@PATP and GNPs@DAP) emits cyan fluorescence...
August 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800760/perceptions-of-patients-and-providers-on-myocardial-perfusion-imaging-for-asymptomatic-patients-choosing-wisely-and-professional-liability
#7
Kristopher P Kline, Leslee Shaw, Rebecca J Beyth, Jared Plumb, Linda Nguyen, Tianyao Huo, David E Winchester
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts by professional societies to reduce low value care, many reports indicate that unnecessary tests, such as nuclear myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), are commonly used in contemporary practice. The degree to which lack of awareness and professional liability concerns drive these behaviors warrants further study. We sought to investigate patient and provider perceptions about MPI in asymptomatic patients, the Choosing Wisely (CW) campaign, and professional liability concerns...
August 11, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800508/a-suspending-droplet-mode-paper-based-microfluidic-platform-for-low-cost-rapid-and-convenient-detection-of-lead-ii-ions-in-liquid-solution
#8
Han Sun, Wanbo Li, Zhen-Zhen Dong, Chong Hu, Chung-Hang Leung, Dik-Lung Ma, Kangning Ren
A paper-based microfluidic device based on unconventional principle was developed and used to detect lead ions through a two-step process including heated incubation and subsequent mixing. The device was made by generating a superhydrophobic pattern, which defines channel and reservoir barriers, on a water-impermeable paper substrate, followed by loading and drying the reagents in the defined reservoirs. Different from the conventional paper-based devices that are made of water-permeable paper, the as-prepared device holds water drops in discrete reservoirs, and the water drops will not move unless the device is titled along the direction of the predefined channels...
August 1, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798914/rapid-characterization-of-bacterial-electrogenicity-using-a-single-sheet-paper-based-electrofluidic-array
#9
Yang Gao, Daniel J Hassett, Seokheun Choi
Electrogenicity, or bacterial electron transfer capacity, is an important application which offers environmentally sustainable advances in the fields of biofuels, wastewater treatment, bioremediation, desalination, and biosensing. Significant boosts in this technology can be achieved with the growth of synthetic biology that manipulates microbial electron transfer pathways, thereby potentially significantly improving their electrogenic potential. There is currently a need for a high-throughput, rapid, and highly sensitive test array to evaluate the electrogenic properties of newly discovered and/or genetically engineered bacterial species...
2017: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798839/paper-based-microfluidic-devices-by-asymmetric-calendaring
#10
S Oyola-Reynoso, C Frankiewicz, B Chang, J Chen, J-F Bloch, M M Thuo
We report a simple, efficient, one-step, affordable method to produce open-channel paper-based microfluidic channels. One surface of a sheet of paper is selectively calendared, with concomitant hydrophobization, to create the microfluidic channel. Our method involves asymmetric mechanical modification of a paper surface using a rolling ball (ball-point pen) under a controlled amount of applied stress (σz) to ascertain that only one side is modified. A lubricating solvent (hexane) aids in the selective deformation...
January 2017: Biomicrofluidics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795950/strain-modulation-assisted-enhanced-broadband-photodetector-based-on-large-area-flexible-few-layered-graphene-mos2on-cellulose-paper
#11
Parikshit Sahatiya, Sushmee Badhulika
Electronic structure and carrier behavior in semiconductor junctions can be effectively modulated on application of strain. This work represents the first demonstration of large area, flexible, paper based Gr/MoS2 broadband photodetector using low-cost solution processed hydrothermal method and enhancement in photodetection through strain modulation by assembling the device on PDMS. Optimization in terms of process parameters were done to obtain trilayer MoS2 over Gr-cellulose paper. Under strain, potential barrier variation and piezopotential induced in MoS2 leads to 79...
August 10, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795558/a-cheap-flexible-and-thermal-sensitive-paper-sensor-through-writing-with-ionic-liquids-containing-pencil-leads
#12
Saijun Sun, Zhilong Duan, Xun Wang, Gan Lai, Xinyue Zhang, Hao Wei, Lianhe Liu, Ning Ma
The flexible and portable paper-based sensors have a broad potential application in electronic detection and devices. In this work, a flexible thermo-responsive paper sensor was reported by written on A4 paper with composite pencil leads which contain thermo-responsive pyrene-based ionic liquid [Pyrmim]+[Br]-. The [Pyrmim]+[Br]- was transferred onto A4 paper surface with graphite by pencil writing for the facile preparation of thermal-sensitive paper chips. The as-prepared paper sensor was much sensitive to the NIR irradiation and warm objects...
August 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792905/an-enclosed-paper-microfluidic-chip-as-a-sample-preconcentrator-based-on-ion-concentration-polarization
#13
Ning Liu, Dinh-Tuan Phan, Wen Siang Lew
Sensitivity is an essential consideration for microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs) when these devices are used for low concentration sample detection. Very recently, ion concentration polarization (ICP)-based μPADs are emerging as novel tools for bio-sample preconcentration. In this study, we develop an enclosed paper-based microfluidic platform as a preconcentrator based on the ICP effect. This paper chip is fabricated by a Parafilm embedding technique and holds many advantages over traditional open-channel μPADs, which usually suffer from sample contamination and evaporation problems...
August 4, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783127/tuning-sensory-properties-of-triazole-conjugated-spiropyrans-metal-ion-selectivity-and-paper-based-colorimetric-detection-of-cyanide
#14
Juhyen Lee, Eun Jung Choi, Inwon Kim, Minhe Lee, Chinnadurai Satheeshkumar, Changsik Song
Tuning the sensing properties of spiropyrans (SPs), which are one of the photochromic molecules useful for colorimetric sensing, is important for efficient analysis, but their synthetic modification is not always simple. Herein, we introduce an alkyne-functionalized SP, the modification of which would be easily achieved via Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition ("click reaction"). The alkyne-SP was conjugated with a bis(triethylene glycol)-benzyl group (EG-BtSP) or a simple benzyl group (BtSP), forming a triazole linkage from the click reaction...
August 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780215/knowledge-of-and-interest-in-the-copper-intrauterine-device-among-women-seeking-emergency-contraception
#15
Christine Edwards, Dilzayn Panjwani, Ciara Pendrith, Anna Ly, Sheila Dunn
OBJECTIVE: Emergency contraception (EC) includes hormonal pills (levonorgestrel or ulipristal acetate) and the copper IUD (Cu-IUD). The Cu-IUD is more effective for EC than hormonal pills but remains underused, possibly because of lack of knowledge or interest. The objective of this study was to examine knowledge of and interest in the Cu-IUD for EC among Canadian women seeking EC. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional convenience survey of English-speaking women presenting for EC at two sexual health clinics in Toronto...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773847/mechanical-and-electronic-properties-of-xc%C3%A2-and-xc12
#16
Qun Wei, Quan Zhang, Meiguang Zhang
A series of carbon-based superconductors XC₆ with high Tc were reported recently. In this paper, based on the first-principles calculations, we studied the mechanical properties of these structures, and further explored the XC12 phases, where the X atoms are from elemental hydrogen to calcium, except noble gas atoms. The mechanically- and dynamically-stable structures include HC₆, NC₆, and SC₆ in XC₆ phases, and BC12, CC12, PC12, SC12, ClC12, and KC12 in XC12 phases. The doping leads to a weakening in mechanical properties and an increase in the elastic anisotropy...
August 25, 2016: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771648/survey-of-hospital-employees-personal-preparedness-and-willingness-to-work-following-a-disaster
#17
Jane H Brice, David Gregg, Dalton Sawyer, Julianne M Cyr
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the personal readiness of hospital staff for disasters. As many as 30% of hospital staff say that they plan not to report for work during a large-scale disaster. We sought to understand the personal disaster preparedness for hospital staff. METHODS: Surveys were distributed to the staff of a large academic tertiary-care hospital by either a paper-based version distributed through the departmental safety coordinators or a Web-based version distributed through employee e-mail services, depending on employee familiarity with and access to computer services...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771201/constrained-active-learning-for-anchor-link-prediction-across-multiple-heterogeneous-social-networks
#18
Junxing Zhu, Jiawei Zhang, Quanyuan Wu, Yan Jia, Bin Zhou, Xiaokai Wei, Philip S Yu
Nowadays, people are usually involved in multiple heterogeneous social networks simultaneously. Discovering the anchor links between the accounts owned by the same users across different social networks is crucial for many important inter-network applications, e.g., cross-network link transfer and cross-network recommendation. Many different supervised models have been proposed to predict anchor links so far, but they are effective only when the labeled anchor links are abundant. However, in real scenarios, such a requirement can hardly be met and most anchor links are unlabeled, since manually labeling the inter-network anchor links is quite costly and tedious...
August 3, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767212/drawn-on-paper-a-reproducible-humidity-sensitive-device-by-handwriting
#19
Hongran Zhao, Tong Zhang, Rongrong Qi, Jianxun Dai, Sen Liu, Teng Fei
This article describes the development of a kind of full carbon-based humidity sensor fabricated on the paper substrate by handwriting. The electrodes were written by commercial pencils, and the sensitive layer was drawn with an oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (o-MWCNTs) ink marker. The resultant devices exhibit good reproducibility and stability during the dynamic measurement. The response of the optimized paper-based sensor exhibits about five times higher than sensors fabricated on the ceramic substrate, which is owing to the hydrophilic property of the paper substrate...
August 9, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766103/protocol-driven-decision-support-within-e-referral-systems-to-streamline-patient-consultation-triaging-and-referrals-from-primary-care-to-specialist-clinics
#20
Ehsan Maghsoud-Lou, Sean Christie, Samina Raza Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza Abidi
Patient referral is a protocol where the referring primary care physician refers the patient to a specialist for further treatment. The paper-based current referral process at times lead to communication and operational issues, resulting in either an unfulfilled referral request or an unnecessary referral request. Despite the availability of standardized referral protocols they are not readily applied because they are tedious and time-consuming, thus resulting in suboptimal referral requests. We present a semantic-web based Referral Knowledge Modeling and Execution Framework to computerize referral protocols, clinical guidelines and assessment tools in order to develop a computerized e-Referral system that offers protocol-based decision support to streamline and standardize the referral process...
September 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
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