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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907257/social-influence-in-liver-fluke-transmission-application-of-social-network-analysis-of-food-sharing-in-thai-isaan-culture
#1
Waraphon Phimpraphai, Sirikachorn Tangkawattana, Suwicha Kasemsuwan, Banchob Sripa
In northeastern Thai (Isaan) culture traditional raw fish dishes and raw fish-eating habits are common. Eating and sharing meals together among the community's members, especially relatives and neighbours, are a common practice in both daily life and social gathering events. Fish are a significant protein source and are associated with variety of traditional recipes. Cyprinid fish are one of the most preferred fish by Isaan villagers for daily consumption because they are accessible and affordable. Consumption of these fish probably causes the persistence of high endemicity of human liver fluke infection, particularly with Opisthorchis viverrini, in northeast Thailand...
2018: Advances in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889851/effect-of-a-health-education-program-on-reduction-of-pediculosis-in-school-girls-at-amphoe-muang-khon-kaen-province-thailand
#2
Manachai Yingklang, Chatchawan Sengthong, Ornuma Haonon, Rungtiwa Dangtakot, Porntip Pinlaor, Chulaporn Sota, Somchai Pinlaor
BACKGROUND: Pediculosis caused by head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis) infestation is still an important health problem in schoolchildren, especially girls, worldwide, including in Thailand. Although pediculicidal agents effectively kill head lice, the re-infestation rate is still high. Thus, prevention is an important strategy for any sustainable control program. We aimed to develop and evaluate the efficacy of a health education program for increasing knowledge, changing attitudes and promoting preventive practices to reduce prevalence of pediculosis among school girls in Amphoe Muang, Khon Kaen, northeastern Thailand...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888514/using-action-research-to-prevent-work-related-illness-among-rubber-farmers-in-northeastern-thailand
#3
Wijitra Sena, Kessarawan Nilvarangkul, Kesinee Saranrittichai, John F Smith, Teerasak Phajan, Sansanee Seetangkham
OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to enhance self-care among rubber farmers for preventing work-related illness. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The project used Action Research's four phase iterative process: fact-finding to understand the problems, action planning, action plan implementation, and evaluation and reflection on action plan impacts. Sixty-six participants (46 rubber farmers and 20 community stakeholders) were purposively recruited from two villages in the top 10 rubber producing provinces in Northeastern Thailand...
June 10, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773945/predictive-factors-in-the-treatment-of-streptococcal-endophthalmitis
#4
Yosanan Yospaiboon, Kidakarn Meethongkam, Suthasinee Sinawat, Wipada Laovirojjanakul, Tanapat Ratanapakorn, Thuss Sanguansak, Chavakij Bhoomibunchoo
Objective: To evaluate visual outcomes and possible predictive factors in the treatment of infectious endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus species during 2012-2016 at a large referral eye center in northeastern Thailand. Methods: A retrospective medical record chart review of patients with culture-positive endophthalmitis caused by Streptococcus species was conducted. Demographic data including age, gender, occupation, duration of symptoms, time to surgery, surgical procedures, initial visual acuity at presentation, and final visual acuity after treatment were collected and analyzed...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760320/breast-cancer-incidence-trends-and-projections-in-northeastern-thailand
#5
Shama Virani, Jarin Chindaprasirt, Kosin Wirasorn, Aumkhae Sookprasert, Ongart Somintara, Damnern Vachirodom, Supinda Koonmee, Jirapon Srinakarin, Supot Kamsa-Ard, Krittika Suwanrungruang, Laura S Rozek, Hutcha Sriplung, Surapon Wiangnon
BACKGROUND: The northeast has the lowest incidence of breast cancer of all regions in Thailand, although national rates are increasing. The heterogeneity in subnational trends necessitates a comprehensive evaluation of breast cancer incidence trends and projections to provide evidence for future region-specific strategies that may be employed to attenuate this growing burden. METHODS: Joinpoint regression and age-period-cohort modeling were used to describe trends from 1988-2012...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758903/potential-impact-of-climate-change-on-groundwater-resources-in-the-central-huai-luang-basin-northeast-thailand
#6
Kewaree Pholkern, Phayom Saraphirom, Kriengsak Srisuk
The Central Huai Luang Basin is one of the important rice producing areas of Udon Thani Province in Northeastern Thailand. The basin is underlain by the rock salt layers of the Maha Sarakham Formation and is the source of saline groundwater and soil salinity. The regional and local groundwater flow systems are the major mechanisms responsible for spreading saline groundwater and saline soils in this basin. Climate change may have an impact on groundwater recharge, on water table depth and the consequences of waterlogging, and on the distribution of soil salinity in this basin...
August 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740209/factors-affecting-visual-outcomes-after-treatment-of-infectious-endophthalmitis-in-northeastern-thailand
#7
Yosanan Yospaiboon, Anocha Intarapanich, Wipada Laovirojjanakul, Tanapat Ratanapakorn, Suthasinee Sinawat, Thuss Sanguansak, Chavakij Bhoomibunchoo
Objective: To determine factors affecting visual outcomes after treatment of infectious endophthalmitis during 2012-2016 at a large referral eye center in northeastern Thailand. Patients and methods: Medical charts of patients with a diagnosis of infectious endophthalmitis including demographic data, types of endophthalmitis, causative organisms, methods of treatment, anatomical, and functional outcomes were retrospectively reviewed. Factors associated with improved visual outcomes were analyzed...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709375/purulent-lymphadenitis-caused-by-staphylococcus-argenteus-representing-the-first-japanese-case-of-staphylococcus-argenteus-multilocus-sequence-type-2250-infection-in-a-12-year-old-boy
#8
Takuma Ohnishi, Masayoshi Shinjoh, Hirotoshi Ohara, Toshinao Kawai, Isamu Kamimaki, Ryo Mizushima, Keisuke Kamada, Yasutomo Itakura, Shigekazu Iguchi, Yutaka Uzawa, Atsushi Yoshida, Ken Kikuchi
Staphylococcus argenteus is a novel species separated from a strain of coagulase-positive, non-pigmented S. aureus. Although S. argenteus has been reported to occur globally, multilocus sequence type (ST) 2250 is mainly found in Northeastern Thailand. Because conventional biochemical testing misidentifies this pathogen as S. aureus, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) or nucA sequencing is recommended to distinguish between S. argenteus and S. auereus. The patient was a previously healthy 12-year-old boy who was admitted because of right inguinal lymphadenitis and cellulitis...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690468/a-new-black-fly-diptera-simuliidae-species-of-the-subgenus-asiosimulium-takaoka-choochote-from-thailand
#9
Ubon Tangkawanit, Komgrit Wongpakam, Pairot Pramual
A new black fly species of the subgenus Asiosimulium Takaoka Choochote of the genus Simulium was recognized from northeastern Thailand based on morphology, mitochondrial DNA and ecology. This black fly species has similar morphological characteristics to Simulium oblongum Takaoka and Choochote that was also described from the same geographic region in all life stages. However, this new species could be distinguished at the adult stage by coloration of the maxillary palp and in the larval stage by the presence of a pigmented subesophageal ganglion that is lacking in S...
February 28, 2018: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579789/risk-factors-for-cholangiocarcinoma-in-thailand-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Siriporn Kamsa-ard, Supot Kamsa-ard, Vor Luvira, Krittika Suwanrungruang, Patravoot Vatanasapt, Surapon Wiangnon
Background and objective: Cholangiocarcinoma remains a serious public health concern in Thailand. While many of the risk factors for cholangiocarcinoma in western countries are well-recognized, it remains unclear whether they are the same in Thailand. We set out to investigate the risk factors for cholangiocarcinoma in Thailand. Methods: Starting March 4, 2016, we reviewed studies found using pre-specified keywords on SCOPUS, Pro Quest Science Direct, PubMed, and online public access catalog of Khon Kaen University...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559826/phylogenetic-affinities-of-the-sequestrate-genus-rhodactina-boletaceae-with-a-new-species-r-rostratispora-from-thailand
#11
Santhiti Vadthanarat, Olivier Raspé, Saisamorn Lumyong
Rhodactina is a small sequestrate genus in Boletaceae with two described species, R. himalayensis and R. incarnata . Phylogenetic analyses of a three-gene dataset including atp 6, tef 1 and rpb 2 of Rhodactina species along with selected Boletaceae species showed that all Rhodactina species formed a monophyletic clade, sister to the genera Spongiforma and Borofutus in subfamily Leccinoideae with high support. All of the taxa in the clade have a similar chemical reaction in which basidiospores turn purplish, purplish red to violet or violet grey when in contact with potassium hydroxide...
2018: MycoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556251/non-neurotoxic-activity-of-malayan-krait-bungarus-candidus-venom-from-thailand
#12
Mongkon Charoenpitakchai, Kulachet Wiwatwarayos, Nattapon Jaisupa, Muhamad Rusdi Ahmad Rusmili, Supachoke Mangmool, Wayne C Hodgson, Chetana Ruangpratheep, Lawan Chanhome, Janeyuth Chaisakul
Background: Envenoming by kraits (genus Bungarus ) is a medically significant issue in South Asia and Southeast Asia. Malayan krait ( Bungarus candidus ) venom is known to contain highly potent neurotoxins. In recent years, there have been reports on the non-neurotoxic activities of krait venom that include myotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. However, research on such non-neurotoxicity activities of Malayan krait venom is extremely limited. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the myotoxic, cytotoxic and nephrotoxic activities of B...
2018: Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins Including Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554124/thai-lepto-on-admission-probability-thai-lepto-score-as-an-early-tool-for-initial-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis-result-from-thai-lepto-aki-study-group
#13
Theerapon Sukmark, Nuttha Lumlertgul, Sadudee Peerapornratana, Kamol Khositrangsikun, Kriang Tungsanga, Visith Sitprija, Nattachai Srisawat
BACKGROUND: Leptospirosis is one of the most important zoonosis in the tropics. Currently, specific laboratory diagnostic test for leptospirosis such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or direct culture cannot be applied at the primary care setting especially in the resource- limited countries. Therefore, clinical presentation and laboratory examination are still the primary diagnostic tools for leptospirosis. OBJECTIVES: To detect clinical factors for predicting leptospirosis in suspected cases, and to create a clinical prediction score (THAI-LEPTO) that is practical and easy to use in general practice while awaiting laboratory results...
March 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509084/an-ethnographic-study-of-mental-healthcare-services-for-people-with-mental-illness-in-rural-thailand
#14
Vatinee Sukmak, Sirirat Sipola
Little is known about access to healthcare services among people with mental illness in rural Thailand. This study describes a contextual understanding of access to mental healthcare services for people with mental illness in three selected villages located in a rural district in Northeastern Thailand. An ethnographic approach was adopted wherein in-depth interviews and site observation were conducted. In all, 14 participants were interviewed, 9 persons with mental illness and 5 caregivers, between January and July in 2017...
March 6, 2018: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483671/new-insights-from-thailand-into-the-maternal-genetic-history-of-mainland-southeast-asia
#15
Wibhu Kutanan, Jatupol Kampuansai, Andrea Brunelli, Silvia Ghirotto, Pittayawat Pittayaporn, Sukhum Ruangchai, Roland Schröder, Enrico Macholdt, Metawee Srikummool, Daoroong Kangwanpong, Alexander Hübner, Leonardo Arias, Mark Stoneking
Tai-Kadai (TK) is one of the major language families in Mainland Southeast Asia (MSEA), with a concentration in the area of Thailand and Laos. Our previous study of 1234 mtDNA genome sequences supported a demic diffusion scenario in the spread of TK languages from southern China to Laos as well as northern and northeastern Thailand. Here we add an additional 560 mtDNA genomes from 22 groups, with a focus on the TK-speaking central Thai people and the Sino-Tibetan speaking Karen. We find extensive diversity, including 62 haplogroups not reported previously from this region...
February 26, 2018: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480998/chromosome-abnormalities-and-absolute-telomere-lengths-of-leukocytes-from-silk-weavers-with-emphasis-on-potential-genotoxicity-and-mutagenicity-of-silk-dyes
#16
Onanong Kritpetcharat, Lertchai Charerntanyarak, Usa Lek-Uthai, Peerapol Sukon, Suttiphan Kitcharoen, Panutas Kritpetcharat
Objectives: This study is aimed to assess the possible genotoxicity and mutagenicity of silk dyes on silk weavers. Methods: Peripheral blood leukocytes were obtained from 24 silk weavers and 24 age- and sex-matched controls in northeastern Thailand. After mitogen stimulation in culture, chromosome abnormalities were examined using Giemsa banding and the absolute telomere length (aTL) was measured with SYBR green qRT-PCR. To confirm genotoxic and mutagenic effects of silk dyes, leukocytes from one each of healthy male and female volunteers were cultured with various concentrations of 3 dark red silk dyes under the presence of mitogen...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479986/genetic-polymorphism-of-the-glutathione-s-transferase-pi-1-gstp1-and-susceptibility-to-cervical-cancer-in-human-papilloma-virus-infected-northeastern-thai-women
#17
Sophida Phuthong, Wannapa Settheetham-Ishida, Sitakan Natphopsuk, Takafumi Ishida
Objective: We aimed to investigate any association between a genetic polymorphism of the detoxification GSTP1 gene and risk of cervical cancer in northeastern Thailand. Materials and Methods: Genotyping of GSTP1 was performed for 198 squamous cell cervical cancer (SCCA) patients and 198 age-matched healthy controls with the PCR-RFLP method. Results: The respective frequencies of the G allele were 0.33 and 0.26 in the controls and cases, the difference being significant (OR = 0.69 [95% CI: 0.50-0.95, p=0.0192])...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458406/assessing-dengue-transmission-risk-and-a-vector-control-intervention-using-entomological-and-immunological-indices-in-thailand-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Hans J Overgaard, Chamsai Pientong, Kesorn Thaewnongiew, Michael J Bangs, Tipaya Ekalaksananan, Sirinart Aromseree, Thipruethai Phanitchat, Supranee Phanthanawiboon, Benedicte Fustec, Vincent Corbel, Dominique Cerqueira, Neal Alexander
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is the most common and widespread mosquito-borne arboviral disease in the world. There is a compelling need for cost-effective approaches and practical tools that can reliably measure real-time dengue transmission dynamics that enable more accurate and useful predictions of incidence and outbreaks. Sensitive surveillance tools do not exist today, and only a small handful of new control strategies are available. Vector control remains at the forefront for combating dengue transmission...
February 20, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448006/plasma-triglycerides-as-a-risk-factor-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-evidence-from-northeastern-thailand
#19
Sojib Bin Zaman, Mohd Anisul Karim, Naznin Hossain, Gulam Muhammed Al Kibria, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam
AIMS: To investigate the observational association between plasma triglyceride and CKD in patients with T2DM. METHODS: A hospital-based retrospective registry was used to obtain data of 3,748 T2DM patients from May 2016 to October 2016. Anthropometric measurements and biochemical reports of T2DM patients with CKD were obtained by data extraction of medical records. CKD was defined according to the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR< 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 )...
April 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422033/a-case-report-of-tubo-ovarian-abscess-caused-by-burkholderia-pseudomallei
#20
Pattaranit Nernsai, Areepan Sophonsritsuk, Srithean Lertvikool, Artit Jinawath, Maria Nina Chitasombat
BACKGROUND: Melioidosis, the disease caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei is endemic in the Northeastern part of Thailand, South-East Asia, and Northern Australia. The pelvic involvement of disease is rare even in an endemic area. Therefore, we describe in this report the clinical presentation, management, and outcome of the patient with primary tubo-ovarian abscess due to melioidosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 31-year-old Thai cassava farmer woman presented with fever and abdominal pain at left lower quadrant for one month...
February 8, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
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