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inhibitors of bmi1 in glioma

Che-Chia Hsu, Wen-Chang Chang, Tsung-I Hsu, Jr-Jiun Liu, Shiu-Hwa Yeh, Jia-Yi Wang, Jing-Ping Liou, Chiung-Yuan Ko, Kwang-Yu Chang, Jian-Ying Chuang
BACKGROUND: Glioma stem-like cells (GSCs) are proposed to be responsible for high resistance in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) treatment. In order to find new strategies aimed at reducing GSC stemness and improving GBM patient survival, we investigated the effects and mechanism of a histone deacetylases (HDACs) inhibitor, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), since HDAC activity has been linked to cancer stem-like cell (CSC) abundance and properties. METHODS: Human GBM cell lines were plated in serum-free suspension cultures allowed for sphere forming and CSC enrichment...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Science
Zheng-Nan Shan, Rui Tian, Min Zhang, Zhao-Hua Gui, Jing Wu, Min Ding, Xin-Fu Zhou, Jie He
MicroRNA128-1 (miR128-1), as a brain-specific miRNA, is downregulated in glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and closely associated with the progression of GBM. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of the downregulation and its role in the regulation of tumorigenesis and anticancer drug resistance in GBM remains largely unknown. In the current study,we found that miR128-1 was downregulated in GBM and glioma stem-like cells (GSCs). Intriguingly, treatment with the DNA methylation inhibitors 5-Aza-CdR (Aza) and 4-phenylbutyric acid (PBA) resulted in miR128-1 upregulation in both GBM cells and GSCs...
November 29, 2016: Oncotarget
M H Shahi, S Farheen, M P M Mariyath, J S Castresana
Chemoresistance is a common hurdle for the proper treatment of gliomas. The role of Shh-Gli1 signaling in glioma progression has been reported. However, its role in glioma chemoresistance has not been well studied yet. In this work, we found that Shh-Gli1 signaling regulates the expression of one stem cell marker, BMI1 (B cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus), in glioma. Interestingly, we also demonstrated high expression of MRP1 (multi-drug resistance protein 1) in glioma. MRP1 expression was decreased by BMI1 siRNA and Shh-Gli1 cell signaling specific inhibitor GANT61 in our experiments...
November 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
M K Sibin, Dhananjaya I Bhat, K V L Narasingarao, Ch Lavanya, G K Chetan
Human high-grade glioma is heterogeneous in nature based on pathological and genetic profiling. Various tumour suppressor gene alterations are considered as prognostic markers in high-grade glioma. Gene expression of CDKN2A (p16) is used in various cancers as a prognostic biomarker along with methylation and deletion status of this gene. Expression levels of p16 mRNA were not studied as a biomarker in gliomas before. In this study, we have performed mRNA quantification analysis on 48 high-grade glioma tissues and checked for a possible prognostic role...
September 2015: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Serena Acquati, Azzura Greco, Danilo Licastro, Heeta Bhagat, Dario Ceric, Zefferino Rossini, Joan Grieve, Maya Shaked-Rabi, Nick V Henriquez, Sebastian Brandner, Elia Stupka, Silvia Marino
Polycomb group proteins are essential regulators of stem cell function during embryonic development and in adult tissue homeostasis. Bmi1, a key component of the Polycomb Repressive Complex 1, is highly expressed in undifferentiated neural stem cells (NSC) as well as in several human cancers including high-grade gliomas--highly aggressive brain tumors. Using a conditional gene activation approach in mice, we show that overexpression of Bmi1 induces repressive epigenetic regulation of the promoter of Survivin, a well-characterized antiapoptotic protein...
January 2013: Stem Cells
Yucui Dong, Qinglian Han, Yan Zou, Zhenling Deng, Xinliang Lu, Xiaohua Wang, Weihua Zhang, Hua Jin, Jun Su, Tao Jiang, Huan Ren
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) was shown to harbor therapy-resistant cancer stem cells that were major causes of recurrence. PDGFR (platelet-derived growth factor receptor) and c-Kit (stem cell factor receptor) signaling play important roles in initiation and maintenance of malignant glioma. This study demonstrated that long-term culture with imatinib mesylate, the tyrosine kinase inhibitor against PDGFR and c-Kit resulted in reduced cancer stem cell ability in glioblastoma cells through cell differentiation...
November 2012: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Xing Fan, Leila Khaki, Thant S Zhu, Mary E Soules, Caroline E Talsma, Naheed Gul, Cheryl Koh, Jiangyang Zhang, Yue-Ming Li, Jarek Maciaczyk, Guido Nikkhah, Francesco Dimeco, Sara Piccirillo, Angelo L Vescovi, Charles G Eberhart
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are thought to be critical for the engraftment and long-term growth of many tumors, including glioblastoma (GBM). The cells are at least partially spared by traditional chemotherapies and radiation therapies, and finding new treatments that can target CSCs may be critical for improving patient survival. It has been shown that the NOTCH signaling pathway regulates normal stem cells in the brain, and that GBMs contain stem-like cells with higher NOTCH activity. We therefore used low-passage and established GBM-derived neurosphere cultures to examine the overall requirement for NOTCH activity, and also examined the effects on tumor cells expressing stem cell markers...
January 2010: Stem Cells
Y Katoh, M Katoh
Hedgehog signaling is aberrantly activated in glioma, medulloblastoma, basal cell carcinoma, lung cancer, esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, and other tumors. Hedgehog signals activate GLI family members via Smoothened. RTK signaling potentiates GLI activity through PI3K-AKT-mediated GSK3 inactivation or RAS-STIL1-mediated SUFU inactivation, while GPCR signaling to Gs represses GLI activity through adenylate cyclase-mediated PKA activation. GLI activators bind to GACCACCCA motif to regulate transcription of GLI1, PTCH1, PTCH2, HHIP1, MYCN, CCND1, CCND2, BCL2, CFLAR, FOXF1, FOXL1, PRDM1 (BLIMP1), JAG2, GREM1, and Follistatin...
September 2009: Current Molecular Medicine
Sophia W M Bruggeman, Danielle Hulsman, Maarten van Lohuizen
BACKGROUND: Neural cells deficient for Polycomb group (PcG) protein Bmi1 are impaired in the formation and differentiation of high grade glioma, an incurable cancer of the brain. It was shown that mechanisms involved in cell adhesion and migration were specifically affected in these tumors. METHODS: Using biochemical and cell biological approaches, we investigated the adhesive capacities of Bmi1;Ink4a/Arf deficient primary neural stem cells (NSCs). RESULTS: Bmi1;Ink4a/Arf deficient NSCs have altered expression of Collagen-related genes, secrete increased amounts of extracellular matrix, and exhibit enhanced cell-matrix binding through the Beta-1 Integrin receptor...
May 2009: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Sophia W M Bruggeman, Danielle Hulsman, Ellen Tanger, Tessa Buckle, Marleen Blom, John Zevenhoven, Olaf van Tellingen, Maarten van Lohuizen
The Polycomb group and oncogene Bmi1 is required for the proliferation of various differentiated cells and for the self-renewal of stem cells and leukemic cancer stem cells. Repression of the Ink4a/Arf locus is a well described mechanism through which Bmi1 can exert its proliferative effects. However, we now demonstrate in an orthotopic transplantation model for glioma, a type of cancer harboring cancer stem cells, that Bmi1 is also required for tumor development in an Ink4a/Arf-independent manner. Tumors derived from Bmi1;Ink4a/Arf doubly deficient astrocytes or neural stem cells have a later time of onset and different histological grading...
October 2007: Cancer Cell
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