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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100640/outpatient-parents-views-on-shared-decision-making-at-an-italian-children-s-hospital
#1
Paola Rosati, Viviana Di Salvo, Roberto D'Amico, Sara Balduzzi, Rosaria Giampaolo, Mercedes Rita Marina Mazziotta, Cesare Guerra, Giovanna Menichella, Stefania P Cosentino, Cecilia Carlino, Vincenzo Di Ciommo
Information is lacking on what parents in southern European countries know and how they view clinical shared-decision-making (SDM) for their children. This survey assesses general parental views on SDM and patient-physician SDM relationships in an Italian paediatric outpatients' clinic. In a 3-month cross-sectional survey, we enrolled 458 consecutive native and foreign Italian-speaking parents bringing their children to our public hospital for various reasons. Parents completed an anonymous questionnaire exploring their general views on SDM, including what doctor-patient relationship predominates today, and what approach reassures them most...
January 17, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099181/adverse-events-and-risk-factors-during-emergency-intubation-in-a-tertiary-paediatric-emergency-department
#2
Ruth M C Löllgen, Jennifer Pontin, Matthew Gow, Mary E McCaskill
BACKGROUND: Rapid sequence intubation and emergency intubation in the emergency department (ED) can be life-saving procedures, but require the appropriate skills, experience and preparation to avoid complications ranging from simple trauma to life-threatening desaturation. Only scarce data exist in the published literature on complications following emergency intubation in children and most guidelines are extrapolated from the adult population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all emergency intubations of patients in our tertiary paediatric ED within a 2-year period to estimate the incidence of complications and to analyse the risk factors associated with this procedure...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098502/united-kingdom-national-paediatric-bilateral-project-results-of-professional-rating-scales-and-parent-questionnaires
#3
H E Cullington, D Bele, J C Brinton, S Cooper, M Daft, J Harding, N Hatton, J Humphries, M E Lutman, J Maddocks, J Maggs, K Millward, G O'Donoghue, S Patel, K Rajput, V Salmon, T Sear, A Speers, A Wheeler, K Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This fourteen-centre project used professional rating scales and parent questionnaires to assess longitudinal outcomes in a large non-selected population of children receiving simultaneous and sequential bilateral cochlear implants. METHODS: This was an observational non-randomized service evaluation. Data were collected at four time points: before bilateral cochlear implants or before the sequential implant, one year, two years, and three years after...
January 18, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097716/parental-knowledge-of-antibiotic-use-in-children-with-respiratory-infections-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Lourdes Cantarero-Arévalo, Mia Pavelics Hallas, Susanne Kaae
OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing global problem. AMR threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. The misuse and overuse of antibiotics (AB) is the major contributor to the emergence of resistant bacteria in humans. To present and describe characteristics in parents' knowledge about when and how to use AB for an upper respiratory tract infection (URTI), their attitudes towards doctors and AB use in general, and their behaviour when their child suffers from an URTI...
February 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096254/factors-predicting-antibiotic-prescription-and-referral-to-hospital-for-children-with-respiratory-symptoms-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-study-at-out-of-hours-services-in-primary-care
#5
Ingrid Keilegavlen Rebnord, Hogne Sandvik, Anders Batman Mjelle, Steinar Hunskaar
OBJECTIVES: Acute respiratory infections and fever among children are highly prevalent in primary care. It is challenging to distinguish between viral and bacterial infections. Norway has a relatively low prescription rate of antibiotics, but it is still regarded as too high as the antimicrobial resistance is increasing. The aim of the study was to identify predictors for prescribing antibiotics or referral to hospital among children. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomised controlled study...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096105/the-value-of-paediatric-assessment-in-historic-child-sexual-abuse
#6
Sarah Al-Jilaihawi, Kevin Borg, Sabine Maguire, Deborah Hodes
INTRODUCTION: A perception exists that there are few benefits of a paediatric assessment in historic child sexual abuse (CSA), as the likelihood of finding forensic evidence is low. AIM: To determine the value of a comprehensive paediatric assessment in a dedicated clinic for children and young people who present following suspicion or allegation of historic CSA. METHOD: All children with suspected or alleged historic CSA, defined as >7 days after the last episode of sexual assault in pubertal girls, or >3 days for prepubertal girls and all boys, were assessed in a specialised paediatric clinic...
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096101/advancing-child-health-research-in-the-uk-the-royal-college-of-paediatrics-and-child-health-infants-children-s-and-young-people-s-research-charter
#7
EDITORIAL
Lindsey Hunter, Emma Sparrow, Neena Modi, Anne Greenough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095826/non-invasive-respiratory-support-for-infants-with-bronchiolitis-a-national-survey-of-practice
#8
H Turnham, R S Agbeko, J Furness, J Pappachan, A G Sutcliffe, P Ramnarayan
BACKGROUND: Bronchiolitis is a common respiratory illness of early childhood. For most children it is a mild self-limiting disease but a small number of children develop respiratory failure. Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) has traditionally been used to provide non-invasive respiratory support in these children, but there is little clinical trial evidence to support its use. More recently, high-flow nasal cannula therapy (HFNC) has emerged as a novel respiratory support modality...
January 17, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090474/post-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-biloma-in-a-child-managed-by-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangio-pancreatography-and-stenting-a-case-report
#9
Charu Tiwari, Om Prakash Makhija, Deepa Makhija, Shalika Jayaswal, Hemanshi Shah
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, though an uncommon surgical procedure in paediatric age group is still associated with a higher risk of post-operative bile duct injuries when compared with the open procedure. Small leaks from extra hepatic biliary apparatus usually lead to the formation of a localized sub-hepatic bile collection, also known as biloma. Such leaks are rare complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, especially in paediatric age group. Minor bile leaks can usually be managed non-surgically by percutaneous drainage combined with endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP)...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079743/normal-radiographic-parameters-in-paediatric-pelvic-radiographs-from-a-chinese-population
#10
Evelyn E Kuong, William T Gardner, Paul A Koljonen, Sudhir K Mahapatra, Wang Chow
: Paediatric pelvic and hip radiographs are a common investigation used when assessing a child for suspected developmental dysplasia of the hip. This report describes an attempt to establish normal values of medial joint space, acetabular index and centre edge angle according to specific age groups and sex in a Chinese population. Patients who had undergone a pelvic radiograph as part of their assessment, but were subsequently found to have normal hips were recruited retrospectively. These patients were grouped according to sex and age; medial joint space, acetabular index and centre edge angle were measured in all radiographs...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078429/aims-and-tasks-in-parental-caregiving-for-children-receiving-palliative-care-at-home-a-qualitative-study
#11
Lisa M Verberne, Marijke C Kars, Antoinette Y N Schouten-van Meeteren, Diederik K Bosman, Derk A Colenbrander, Martha A Grootenhuis, Johannes J M van Delden
: In paediatric palliative care (PPC), parents are confronted with increasing caregiving demands. More children are cared for at home, and the need for PPC of children is lengthened due to technical and medical improvements. Therefore, a clear understanding of the content of parental caregiving in PPC becomes increasingly important. The objective is to gain insight into parental caregiving based on the lived experience of parents with a child with a life-limiting disease. An interpretative qualitative study using thematic analysis was performed...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077123/daily-actions-challenges-and-needs-among-dutch-parents-while-supporting-the-participation-of-their-child-with-a-physical-disability-at-home-at-school-and-in-the-community-a-qualitative-diary-study
#12
Barbara Piškur, Anna J H M Beurskens, Marjolijn Ketelaar, Marian J Jongmans, Barbara M Casparie, Rob J E M Smeets
BACKGROUND: Parents have a vital influence on the participation of their child with a physical disability. The aim of this study is to gain insight into parents' own daily actions, challenges, and needs while supporting their child with a physical disability at home, at school, and in the community. An additional objective of this study is to refine the preliminary thematic framework previously identified in a scoping review. METHODS: A qualitative research inquiry was performed based on using a diary over a 7-day period to gather data...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073176/parental-perceptions-of-clown-care-in-paediatric-intensive-care-units
#13
Guillaume Mortamet, Audrey Merckx, Nadia Roumeliotis, Caroline Simonds, Sylvain Renolleau, Philippe Hubert
AIM: The objective of this study was to report family satisfaction with regards to the presence of clowns in the paediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: This is a single-centre survey-based study, conducted over 4 months in a 12-bed third level PICU in a university hospital. All parents present at the bedside of their child during clowning were considered as potential participants. Eligible parents were approached by one of the two intensivists as investigators and asked to complete a survey within the 48 h following the clowns' intervention...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064348/european-academy-of-paediatrics-statement-vision-zero-for-child-deaths-in-traffic-accidents
#14
Jonas F Ludvigsson, Tom Stiris, Stefano Del Torso, Jean-Christophe Mercier, Arunas Valiulis, Adamos Hadjipanayis
Road traffic accidents are the leading cause of death and disability in children throughout Europe. They remain the leading cause of death among children 5--19 years old in Europe. Children may be injured as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists or passengers in cars. The European Academy of Pediatrics (EAP) strives to prevent morbidity and death in children. We urge policy-makers to actively work for a "vision zero", where no child is killed in traffic. EAP suggests simple measures such as, secure transport for children between home and school, speed limits, road bumps, wearing bike helmets and seat belts, using child-restraints for small children and enforcement of legislation on road safety...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063074/prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-and-paediatric-hiv-care-and-treatment-monitoring-from-measuring-process-to-impact-and-elimination-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv
#15
Priscilla Idele, Chika Hayashi, Tyler Porth, Awandha Mamahit, Mary Mahy
Progress towards achievement of global targets for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and paediatric HIV care and treatment is an integral part of global and national HIV and AIDS responses. This paper documents the development of the global and national monitoring and reporting systems for PMTCT and paediatric HIV care and treatment programmes, achievements and remaining challenges. A review of the development of the monitoring and reporting process since 2002-2016 was conducted using existing published literature and taking into account changes in WHO HIV treatment guidelines, global HIV goals and targets, programmatic and methodological developments, and increased need for interagency partnerships, coordination and harmonization of global monitoring and reporting mechanisms...
January 6, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058746/multidimensional-impact-on-families-of-children-with-steroid-sensitive-nephrotic-syndrome
#16
Gurdeep S Dhooria, Harmeet P Singh, Deepak Bhat, Harmesh S Bains, Ravinder K Soni, Mohit Kumar
AIM: Children with nephrotic syndrome (NS) have prolonged disease course with relapses requiring frequent visits and prolonged steroid therapy with their long-term concerns. All these factors affect the child and their families in many domains of functioning. The objective of this study was to assess multidimensional impact on families of children with nephrotic syndrome using (PedsQL) Family Impact Module (FIM). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a paediatric nephrology clinic of a tertiary care hospital...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057016/the-effectiveness-of-robotic-assisted-gait-training-for-paediatric-gait-disorders-systematic-review
#17
Sophie Lefmann, Remo Russo, Susan Hillier
BACKGROUND: Robotic-assisted gait training (RAGT) affords an opportunity to increase walking practice with mechanical assistance from robotic devices, rather than therapists, where the child may not be able to generate a sufficient or correct motion with enough repetitions to promote improvement. However the devices are expensive and clinicians and families need to understand if the approach is worthwhile for their children, and how it may be best delivered. METHODS: The objective of this review was to identify and appraise the existing evidence for the effectiveness of RAGT for paediatric gait disorders, including modes of delivery and potential benefit...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054712/early-high-school-engagement-in-students-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Nardia Zendarski, Emma Sciberras, Fiona Mensah, Harriet Hiscock
BACKGROUND: Students with attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) continue to languish behind their peers with regard to academic achievement and education attainment. School engagement is potentially modifiable, and targeting engagement may be a means to improve education outcomes. AIMS: To investigate school engagement for students with ADHD during the crucial high school transition period and to identify factors associated with low school engagement. SAMPLE: Participants are adolescents (12-15 years) in the first and third year of high school with diagnosed ADHD (n = 130)...
January 5, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050392/paediatric-prescription-analysis-in-a-primary-health-care-institution
#19
Jinish Jose, Denny Devassykutty
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric prescription analysis was done by vari-ous studies in tertiary care centers but not much published data, at primary care level. The Medical Council of India introduced new prescription format and also antibiotic stewardship program was launched by Government of Kerala in the year 2015. So in these contexts this study was conducted. AIM: To analyse the patterns of prescriptions and drug dis-pensing in pediatric patients using WHO core drug use indicators and parameters in the prescription format prescribed by Medical Council of India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045313/parental-knowledge-and-practices-regarding-their-children-s-oral-health-in-kuwait
#20
L Alyahya
AIM: The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and practices of parents toward their children's oral health in Kuwait. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 parents who visited five dental specialty centers in Kuwait. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. STATISTICS: The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software (version 21; Inc., Chicago IL, USA)...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
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