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Iron deficiency anaemia

Fiona H McKay, Christina Cheng, Annemarie Wright, Jane Shill, Hugh Stephens, Mary Uccellini
INTRODUCTION: Increasing smartphones access has allowed for increasing development and use of smart phone applications (apps). Mobile health interventions have previously relied on voice or text-based short message services (SMS), however, the increasing availability and ease of use of apps has allowed for significant growth of smartphone apps that can be used for health behaviour change. This review considers the current body of knowledge relating to the evaluation of apps for health behaviour change...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Liejy Agnes Landim, Marcia Luiza Dos Santos Beserra Pessoa, Amanda de Castro Amorim Serpa Brandão, Marcelo Antonio Morgano, Marcos Antônio De Mota Araújo Marcos Antônio de Mota Araújo, Maurisrael De Moura Rocha, José Alfredo Gomes Arêas, Regilda Saraiva Dos Reis Moreira-Araújo
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional intervention in pre-school children using cookies prepared with wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid (CWFFeFA) and cookies prepared with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp) flour fortified with iron and zinc and wheat flour enriched with iron and folic acid (CCFFeZn + WFFeFA). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of the ingestion of CWFFeFA and CCFFeZn + WFFeFA by pre-school children, using the cowpea variety BRS-Xiquexique, to control iron-deficiency anaemia...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
A Lazaridis, M E Drosou, A Fontalis, E Prousali, S E Hadwe, O Giouleme, K Petidis
INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease of the small intestine which occurs in genetically predisposed people of all ages. A large clinical spectrum of manifestations accompanies the onset of the disease with diarrhoea, flatulence and weight loss being the most common. However, findings like osteoporosis, iron deficiency, anaemia and hypocalcaemia could also insinuate the existence of the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 55-year-old man with numbness and tingling of the upper extremities due to hypocalcaemia that proved to be an uncommon case of celiac disease...
October 16, 2016: Scottish Medical Journal
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Michelle Shui Yee Lau, Peter D Mooney, William L White, Victoria Appleby, Sulleman Moreea, Ismail Haythem, Joshua E Elias, Kiran Bundhoo, Gareth D Corbett, Liam Wong, Her Hsin Tsai, Simon S Cross, John M Hebden, Sami Hoque, David S Sanders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Yingying Peng, James Uprichard Uprichard
Anaemia is a condition in which the number of red cells necessary to meet the body's physiological requirements is insufficient. Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and the anaemia of chronic disease (ACD) are the two most common causes of anaemia worldwide; iron homeostasis plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of both diseases. An understanding of how iron studies can be used to distinguish between these diseases is therefore essential, not only for diagnosis but also in guiding management. This review will primarily focus on IDA and ACD; however iron overload in anaemia will also be briefly discussed...
October 3, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
Mugahid Faroug Mohamed Ali, Mohammed Osman Swar, Atika Mohamed Osman
Iron deficiency anaemia is frequently seen in the paediatric age group. Modifying the treatment options according to the affected area resources will help accessibility and compliance to treatment. Response of children with Iron deficiency anaemia to a natural hematinic (Carboadeim) versus iron syrup plus folic acid treatment was compared in this study. This is a prospective, interventional, controlled, hospital-based study conducted among children with iron deficiency anaemia residing in Hussein Village, Gezira State who attended Giad Hospital...
2016: Sudan J Paediatr
Vojtech Melenovsky, Jiri Petrak, Tomas Mracek, Jan Benes, Barry A Borlaug, Hana Nuskova, Tomas Pluhacek, Jaroslav Spatenka, Jana Kovalcikova, Zdenek Drahota, Josef Kautzner, Jan Pirk, Josef Houstek
AIMS: Iron replacement improves clinical status in iron-deficient patients with heart failure (HF), but the pathophysiology is poorly understood. Iron is essential not only for erythropoiesis, but also for cellular bioenergetics. The impact of myocardial iron deficiency (MID) on mitochondrial function, measured directly in the failing human heart, is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: Left ventricular samples were obtained from 91 consecutive HF patients undergoing transplantation and 38 HF-free organ donors (controls)...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Heart Failure
Luca Castellazzi, Maria Francesca Patria, Gemma Frati, Andrea Alessandro Esposito, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare but potentially lethal condition in paediatric patients. This condition is considered an immune-mediated disorder, but its pathogenesis is still unknown. Idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis is characterized by the classical triad of haemoptysis, iron-deficiency anaemia, and diffuse parenchymal consolidation on chest radiology. Unfortunately, this triad of signs is not frequent in children at the onset of this disease, resulting in a delay in diagnosis and a negative outcome...
September 20, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
Daisy Khera, Baldev Sharma, Kuldeep Singh
We report a 17 year-old male patient, who presented with chronic diarrhoea, progressive pallor, short stature, anaemia (haemoglobin of 4.9 g/dL) and neutropenia and was diagnosed as coeliac disease. His neutropenia did not respond to 8 months of gluten-free diet, iron, folic acid and vitamin B12 therapy. So we suspected copper deficiency and his serum copper levels were tested, which was low. His neutrophil counts normalised after 2 months of copper supplementation. Hence we concluded that the cause of neutropenia in our case was copper deficiency...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Penta Bhavanadhar, Vangipuram Rangacharyulu Srinivasan, Sai Satish Oruganti, Krishna Prasad Adiraju
INTRODUCTION: Anaemia is a contributor for adverse prognosis in Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS), but the epidemiology and causes of anaemia in such patients is not defined. AIM: To study the prevalence and aetiology of anaemia in hospitalized patients with ACS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients admitted with ACS from January to March, 2010 were included. Their clinical information was recorded. RESULTS: Of 130 (87 males) consecutive admissions for ACS, 47...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Michelle Shui Yee Lau, Peter Mooney, William White, Victoria Appleby, Sulleman Moreea, Ismail Haythem, Joshua Elias, Kiran Bundhoo, Gareth Corbett, Liam Wong, Her Hsin Tsai, Simon Cross, John Hebden, Sami Hoque, David Sanders
BACKGROUND: International guidelines recommend coeliac serology in iron deficiency anaemia, and duodenal biopsy for those tested positive to detect coeliac disease. However, pre-endoscopy serology is often unavailable, thus committing endoscopists to take routine duodenal biopsies. Some endoscopists consider duodenal biopsy mandatory in anaemia to exclude other pathologies. We hypothesise that using a point of care test at endoscopy could fill this gap, by providing rapid results to target anaemic patients who require biopsies, and save costs by biopsy avoidance...
September 15, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Cecilia Högberg, Pontus Karling, Jörgen Rutegård, Mikael Lilja
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal complaints are common reasons to consult primary care but they are seldom caused by colorectal cancer (CRC), high-risk adenomas (HRAs), or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Reliable diagnostic aids would be helpful in deciding which patients to refer for bowel imaging. Our aim was to assess the value of a faecal immunochemical test (FIT) and a faecal calprotectin (FC) test in detecting CRC, HRAs and IBD in primary care, and the value of combining these tests with anaemia and iron-deficiency tests...
September 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
Marjolijn D Akkermans, Mirjam Vreugdenhil, Daniëlle M Hendriks, Anemone van den Berg, Joachim J Schweizer, Johannes B van Goudoever, Frank Brus
OBJECTIVES: Iron deficiency (ID) in children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is either an absolute (depleted iron stores) or a functional deficiency (caused by chronic inflammation). Differentiating between these two types of ID is important because they require a different therapeutic approach. Zinc protoporphyrin (ZPP) and red blood cell distribution width (RDW) are parameters of functional ID. Studies using these parameters to differentiate are non-existent. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for absolute and functional ID in paediatric IBD patients while using ZPP and RDW...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
S Yasmeen, N Aktar, E Azim, S Siddique, S M Shah, M A Chaklader, S Khatun, R C Debnath, M M Rahman, M N Bari
Iron deficiency anaemia is a major public health problem in pregnancy. About 58% of pregnant women in developed countries are anaemic mainly due to iron deficiency resulting a serious negative consequences on children, mothers and eventually on the nation. This quasi-experimental multi centered study (Before after study) was done to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of Iron Polymaltose Complex (IPC) in the treatment of iron deficiency anaemia and it was performed at the OPD of Bangladesh Medical College and two other clinics of Dhaka city from August 2011 to September 2013...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
M M Hoque, S D Adnan, S Karim, M A Mamun, S Nandy, M A Faruki, K Islam
Iron stores in the body exist primarily in the form of ferritin. Small amounts of ferritin secreted into the plasma and plasma ferritin is positively correlated with the size of the total body iron stores. The present study conducted to determine the iron status using the serum ferritin level among healthy Bangladeshi blood donors. The present cross sectional study was conducted in the Department of Transfusion Medicine, Dhaka Medical College, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2011 to June 2012. Blood donor signed informed consent and has satisfactory pre-donation health assessment and satisfactory post-donation blood test results were included in the study...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Rufina Nb Ayogu, Ngozi M Nnam, Onyinye Ibemesi, Franca Okechukwu
BACKGROUND: Under nutrition is a problem of severe magnitude in low income countries like Nigeria. Adolescent school children might also be vulnerable. The dearth of data hinders planning of school health and nutrition programmes for school children. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of stunting, thinness; vitamin A and iron deficiencies among adolescent students in Nsukka urban, Nigeria and to determine factors that are associated with these nutritional problems...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
J F Juanmartiñena Fernández, I Fernández-Urién, C Saldaña Dueñas, A Elosua González, A Borda Martín, J J Vila Costas
Obscure gastrointestinal bleeding accounts for approximately 5-10% of patients presenting with gastrointestinal haemorrhage. The majority of lesions responsible were found to be located in the small bowel. Currently, capsule en-doscopy is the first-line tool to investigate the small bowel as it is a non-invasive, feasible and simple procedure. Howe-ver, capsule endoscopy sometimes identifies the source of bleeding outside the small bowel and within the reach of conventional endoscopy. We present the case of a 46 year-old man with few prior negative endoscopic procedures and iron-deficiency anaemia due to gastric GIST...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
A S Ahankari, P R Myles, A W Fogarty, J V Dixit, L J Tata
OBJECTIVE: Iron-deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common nutritional disorder observed in adolescent girls in India. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with IDA in rural Maharashtra, India, to address current evidence gaps. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: The study recruited 13- to 17-year-old adolescent girls living in 34 villages of Osmanabad district. Data were collected on individual health, dietary, sociodemographic factors, and anthropometric measurements were taken...
August 31, 2016: Public Health
Rita Wegmüller, Amat Bah, Lindsay Kendall, Morgan M Goheen, Sarah Mulwa, Carla Cerami, Diego Moretti, Andrew M Prentice
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency prevalence rates frequently exceed 50 % in young children in low-income countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommended universal supplementation of young children where anaemia rates are >40 %. However, large randomized trials have revealed that provision of iron to young children caused serious adverse effects because iron powerfully promotes microbial growth. Hepcidin - the master regulator of iron metabolism that integrates signals of infection and iron deficiency - offers the possibility of new solutions to diagnose and combat global iron deficiency...
2016: BMC Pediatrics
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