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Theresa A Nicklas

Theresa Nicklas, Sandra Lopez, Yan Liu, Rabab Saab, Robert Reiher
BACKGROUND: By 3 years of age, many children have developed a dislike for certain foods, particularly vegetables. Seventy-five percent of young children consume less than the recommended levels for vegetables. The objective of this randomized feasibility intervention was to demonstrate the impact of an innovative approach to increase consumption of vegetable dishes by minority preschool children attending Head Start. The specific aims included the collection of data to assess feasibility and efficacy of the intervention...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Isabella Iovino, Janice Stuff, Yan Liu, Christie Brewton, Allison Dovi, Ronald Kleinman, Theresa Nicklas
BACKGROUND: Although many studies have investigated the relation between breakfast consumption and various domains of cognitive functioning within children, some of the reported findings are inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the short-term effects of a breakfast meal on the neuropsychological functioning of healthy school-aged children after an overnight fast. DESIGN: The study was conducted in a clinical research center with the use of a counterbalanced repeated-measures design among children who either consumed breakfast or were fasting...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Theresa Nicklas, Yan Liu, Maria Giovanni, Lisa Jahns, Katherine Tucker, Kevin Laugero, Margaret Bogle, Deirdra Chester
BACKGROUND: Few Americans meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA), yet a large percentage are overweight. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this research was to examine the association between barriers and facilitators to meeting the DGA and weight in a multisite study. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study in which 836 caregiver-child dyads among 3 race/ethnic groups completed the questionnaire across 6 sites participating in the HEALTH (Healthy Eating and Lifestyle for Total Health) Study...
July 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Leah Brand, Alicia Beltran, Sheryl Hughes, Teresia O'Connor, Janice Baranowski, Theresa Nicklas, Tzu-An Chen, Hafza R Dadabhoy, Cassandra S Diep, Richard Buday, Tom Baranowski
BACKGROUND: Player feedback is an important part of serious games, although there is no consensus regarding its delivery or optimal content. "Mommio" is a serious game designed to help mothers motivate their preschoolers to eat vegetables. The purpose of this study was to assess optimal format and content of player feedback for use in "Mommio." MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current study posed 36 potential "Mommio" gameplay feedback statements to 20 mothers using a Web survey and interview...
June 2016: Games for Health
Theresa A Nicklas, Yan Liu, Noemi Islam, Carol E O'Neil
White potatoes are a forgotten source of nutrients. The goal of this study was to identify the nutritional implications of replacing a composite of white potatoes with a composite of vegetables commonly consumed by children aged 2-18 y (n = 3460) in a nationally representative sample. The NHANES 2005-2012 24-h dietary recall data were used to determine nutrient intake. Two replacement models were developed: one for potato consumers and another for those consuming vegetables other than potatoes. Analyses focused on 1) mean nutrient contributions per 1 cup equivalent vegetable composite (VC)/potato composite (PC) consumed by participants, and 2) mean daily nutrient intake when the nutrients per 1 cup equivalent PC replaced the nutrients per 1 cup equivalent VC...
January 2016: Advances in Nutrition
Theresa A Nicklas, Ronald E Kleinman, Maureen L Storey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Advances in Nutrition
Tom Baranowski, Tzu-An Chen, Teresia M O'Connor, Sheryl O Hughes, Cassandra S Diep, Alicia Beltran, Leah Brand, Theresa Nicklas, Janice Baranowski
OBJECTIVE: Habit has been defined as the automatic performance of a usual behaviour. The present paper reports the relationships of variables from a Model of Goal Directed Behavior to four scales in regard to parents' habits when feeding their children: habit of (i) actively involving child in selection of vegetables; (ii) maintaining a positive vegetable environment; (iii) positive communications about vegetables; and (iv) controlling vegetable practices. We tested the hypothesis that the primary predictor of each habit variable would be the measure of the corresponding parenting practice...
August 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Jason A Mendoza, Tom Baranowski, Sandra Jaramillo, Megan D Fesinmeyer, Wren Haaland, Debbe Thompson, Theresa A Nicklas
INTRODUCTION: Reducing Latino preschoolers' TV viewing is needed to reduce their risk of obesity and other chronic diseases. This study's objective was to evaluate the Fit 5 Kids (F5K) TV reduction program's impact on Latino preschooler's TV viewing. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster RCT with randomization at the center level and N=160 participants. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Latino children aged 3-5 years and their parents were recruited from six Head Start centers in Houston TX in 2010-2012 with analyses in 2013-2014...
May 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol E O'Neil, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Consumption of fruit has been associated with a variety of health benefits, yet, 75% of children have usual intakes of total fruit below minimum recommended amounts. Apples are the second most commonly consumed fruit in the United States; however, no studies have examined the impact of apple consumption on nutrient intake and adequacy in children's diets. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to examine the association between apple (various forms) consumption with nutrient intake and nutrient adequacy in a nationally representative sample of children...
2015: Food & Nutrition Research
Carley A Grimes, Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Karen J Campbell, Theresa A Nicklas
Understanding the dietary intakes of infants and toddlers is important because early life nutrition influences future health outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the dietary sources of total energy and 16 nutrients in a nationally representative sample of U.S. infants and toddlers aged 0-24 months. Data from the 2005-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Dietary intake was assessed in 2740 subjects using one 24-h dietary recall. The population proportion was used to determine the contribution of foods and beverages to nutrient intakes...
August 2015: Nutrients
Carol E O'Neil, Victor L Fulgoni, Theresa A Nicklas
INTRODUCTION: Previous research has shown inconsistencies in the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE: To determine the association of tree nut consumption with risk factors for CVD and for MetS in adults. METHODS: NHANES 2005-2010 data were used to examine the associations of tree nut consumption with health risks in adults 19+ years (n = 14,386; 51% males)...
2015: Nutrition Journal
Sheryl O Hughes, Thomas G Power, Yan Liu, Carla Sharp, Theresa A Nicklas
PURPOSE: Depression and other stressors have been associated with general parenting and child outcomes in low-income families. Given that parents shape child eating behaviors through their feeding interactions with their child, it is important to investigate factors that may influence parental feeding of young children. The aim of this study was to examine how depressive symptoms and parenting stress might influence the nature of parent feeding styles in low-income families. METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by 290 African-American and Hispanic parents residing in a large urban city in the southwestern United States...
September 2015: Appetite
Carol E O'Neil, Theresa A Nicklas, Victor L Fulgoni, Maureen A DiRienzo
BACKGROUND: None of the studies of whole grains that have looked either at diet or weight/adiposity measures have focused exclusively on oatmeal. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the association between oatmeal consumption and nutrient intake, diet quality, and weight/adiposity of children aged 2-18. DESIGN: A nationally representative sample of children aged 2-18 (N=14,690) participating in National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2010 was used...
2015: Food & Nutrition Research
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol E O'Neil
The diets of most US children and adults are poor, as reflected by low diet quality scores, when compared with the recommendations of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGAs). Contributing to these low scores is that most Americans overconsume solid fats, which may contain saturated fatty acids and added sugars; although alcohol consumption was generally modest, it provided few nutrients. Thus, the 2005 DGAs generated a new recommendation: to reduce intakes of solid fats, alcohol, and added sugars (SoFAAS)...
May 2015: Advances in Nutrition
Carol E O'Neil, Theresa A Nicklas, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Most children do not meet the recommendation for fruit consumption. Apples are the second most commonly consumed fruit in the US; however, no studies have examined the association of total apple products, apples, apple sauce, and 100 % apple juice consumption on diet quality and weight/adiposity in children. METHODS: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between various apple consumption forms with diet quality and weight/adiposity in a nationally representative sample of children...
May 14, 2015: Nutrition Journal
Stuart M Phillips, Victor L Fulgoni, Robert P Heaney, Theresa A Nicklas, Joanne L Slavin, Connie M Weaver
The amount of dietary protein needed to prevent deficiency in most individuals is defined in the United States and Canada by the Recommended Dietary Allowance and is currently set at 0.8 g protein · kg(-1) · d(-1) for adults. To meet this protein recommendation, the intake of a variety of protein food sources is advised. The goal of this article is to show that commonly consumed food sources of protein are more than just protein but also significant sources of essential nutrients. Commonly consumed sources of dietary protein frequently contribute substantially to intakes of nutrients such as calcium, vitamin D, potassium, dietary fiber, iron, and folate, which have been identified as nutrients of "concern" (i...
April 29, 2015: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Carol E O'Neil, Theresa A Nicklas, Victor L Fulgoni
Nutrient adequacy of tree nut consumers has not been examined. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2005-2010 data were used to assess the association of tree nut consumption by adults 19+ years (n = 14,386) with nutrient adequacy and diet quality. Covariate adjusted usual intake was determined using two 24-h dietary recalls and the National Cancer Institute method. Percentages of the consumption groups below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) or above the Adequate Intake (AI) were determined...
January 2015: Nutrients
Roberta L Duyff, Leann L Birch, Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Susan L Johnson, Richard D Mattes, Mary M Murphy, Theresa A Nicklas, Brandi Y Rollins, Brian Wansink
Nearly all Americans (97%) report eating candy at least once per year; yet, on a given day, only approximately one-fourth of the US population aged ≥2 y consumes candy. Among all Americans, candy contributes a relatively small proportion of calories, added sugars, and saturated fat to the total diet, and recent research suggests that current levels of candy consumption are not associated with risk of weight gain and cardiovascular disease in children and adults. Providing guidance for the consumption of candy in moderation requires an understanding of various behavioral health-related factors that influence candy consumption...
January 2015: Advances in Nutrition
Ana F El-Behadli, Carla Sharp, Sheryl O Hughes, Ezemenari M Obasi, Theresa A Nicklas
Against the background of rising rates of obesity in children and adults in the USA, and modest effect sizes for obesity interventions, the aim of the present narrative review paper is to extend the UNICEF care model to focus on childhood obesity and its associated risks with an emphasis on the emotional climate of the parent-child relationship within the family. Specifically, we extended the UNICEF model by applying the systems approach to childhood obesity and by combining previously unintegrated sets of literature across multiple disciplines including developmental psychology, clinical psychology and nutrition...
January 2015: British Journal of Nutrition
Theresa A Nicklas, Carol E O'Neil, Victor L Fulgoni
BACKGROUND: Associations between food patterns and adiposity are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: Two statistical approaches were used to examine the potential association between egg consumption and adiposity. METHODS: Participants (n = 18,987) aged ≥19 y were from the 2001-2008 NHANES who provided 24-h diet recall data, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)-determined adiposity measures, and blood pressure, circulating insulin, glucose, and lipid concentrations were considered cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs)...
January 2015: Journal of Nutrition
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