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William S Harris

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073150/the-impact-of-overdiagnosis-on-the-selection-of-efficient-lung-cancer-screening-strategies
#1
Summer S Han, Kevin Ten Haaf, William D Hazelton, Vidit N Munshi, Jihyoun Jeon, Saadet A Erdogan, Colden Johanson, Pamela M McMahon, Rafael Meza, Chung Yin Kong, Eric J Feuer, Harry J de Koning, Sylvia K Plevritis
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently updated their national lung screening guidelines and recommended low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) for lung cancer (LC) screening through age 80. However, the risk of overdiagnosis among older populations is a concern. Using four comparative models from the Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Modeling Network, we evaluate the overdiagnosis of the screening program recommended by USPSTF in the U.S. 1950 birth cohort. We estimate the number of LC deaths averted by screening (D) per overdiagnosed case (O), yielding the ratio D/O, to quantify the trade-off between the harms and benefits of LDCT...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070772/primary-care-providers-beliefs-and-recommendations-and-use-of-screening-mammography-by-their-patients
#2
Jennifer S Haas, William E Barlow, Marilyn M Schapira, Charles D MacLean, Carrie N Klabunde, Brian L Sprague, Elisabeth F Beaber, Jane S Chen, Asaf Bitton, Tracy Onega, Kimberly Harris, Anna N A Tosteson
BACKGROUND: Revised breast cancer screening guidelines have fueled debate about the effectiveness and frequency of screening mammography, encouraging discussion between women and their providers. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether primary care providers' (PCPs') beliefs about the effectiveness and frequency of screening mammography are associated with utilization by their patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey data from PCPs (2014) from three primary care networks affiliated with the Population-based Research Optimizing Screening through Personalized Regimens (PROSPR) consortium, linked with data about their patients' mammography use (2011-2014)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055120/evaluation-of-proposed-staging-systems-for-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Ian-James Malm, Caleb J Fan, Linda X Yin, David X Li, Wayne M Koch, Christine G Gourin, Karen T Pitman, Jeremy D Richmon, William H Westra, Hyunseok Kang, Harry Quon, David W Eisele, Carole Fakhry
BACKGROUND: Patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) have improved survival when compared with those with HPV-negative OPC. Unfortunately, the American Joint Committee on Cancer seventh edition (AJCC-7ed) staging system does not account for the prognostic advantage observed with HPV-positive OPC. The purpose of the current study was to validate and compare 2 recently proposed staging systems for HPV-positive OPC. METHODS: Patients treated for HPV-positive OPC from 2005 to 2015 at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) were included for analysis...
January 5, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031423/neurologic-injury-and-cerebral-blood-flow-in-single-ventricles-throughout-staged-surgical-reconstruction
#4
Mark A Fogel, Christine J Li, Okan U Elci, Tom Pawlowski, Peter J Schwab, Felice B Wilson, Susan C Nicolson, Lisa M Montenegro, Laura Diaz, Thomas L Spray, J William Gaynor, Stephanie Fuller, Christopher E Mascio, Marc S Keller, Matthew A Harris, Kevin K Whitehead, James Bethel, Arastoo Vossough, Daniel J Licht
BACKGROUND: -Single ventricle patients experience a high rate of brain injury and adverse neurodevelopmental outcome, however, the incidence of brain abnormalities throughout surgical reconstruction and its relationship with cerebral blood flow, oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide reactivity remains unknown. METHODS: -Single ventricle patients were studied with MRI scans immediately prior to bidirectional Glenn (pre-BDG), prior to Fontan and then 3-9 months after Fontan reconstruction...
December 28, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031061/which-comorbid-conditions-should-we-be-analyzing-as-risk-factors-for-healthcare-associated-infections
#5
Anthony D Harris, Lisa Pineles, Deverick Anderson, Keith F Woeltje, William E Trick, Keith S Kaye, Deborah S Yokoe, Ann-Christine Nyquist, David P Calfee, Surbhi Leekha
OBJECTIVE To determine which comorbid conditions are considered causally related to central-line associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and surgical-site infection (SSI) based on expert consensus. DESIGN Using the Delphi method, we administered an iterative, 2-round survey to 9 infectious disease and infection control experts from the United States. METHODS Based on our selection of components from the Charlson and Elixhauser comorbidity indices, 35 different comorbid conditions were rated from 1 (not at all related) to 5 (strongly related) by each expert separately for CLABSI and SSI, based on perceived relatedness to the outcome...
December 29, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017181/racial-ethnic-differences-in-initiation-of-and-engagement-with-addictions-treatment-among-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#6
Kara M Bensley, Alex H S Harris, Shalini Gupta, Anna D Rubinsky, Rhonda Jones-Webb, Joseph E Glass, Emily C Williams
OBJECTIVE: Specialty addictions treatment can improve outcomes for patients with alcohol use disorders (AUD). Thus, initiation of and engagement with specialty addictions treatment are considered quality care for patients with AUD. Previous studies have demonstrated racial/ethnic differences in alcohol-related care but whether differences exist in initiation of and engagement with specialty addictions treatment among patients with clinically recognized alcohol use disorders is unknown...
February 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005390/field-effect-optoelectronic-modulation-of-quantum-confined-carriers-in-black-phosphorus
#7
William S Whitney, Michelle C Sherrott, Deep Jariwala, Wei-Hsiang Lin, Hans A Bechtel, George R Rossman, Harry A Atwater
We report measurements of the infrared optical response of thin black phosphorus under field-effect modulation. We interpret the observed spectral changes as a combination of an ambipolar Burstein-Moss (BM) shift of the absorption edge due to band-filling under gate control, and a quantum confined Franz-Keldysh (QCFK) effect, phenomena that have been proposed theoretically to occur for black phosphorus under an applied electric field. Distinct optical responses are observed depending on the flake thickness and starting carrier concentration...
December 27, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964777/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-adult-human-height-across-birth-cohorts-from-1886-to-1994
#8
Aline Jelenkovic, Yoon-Mi Hur, Reijo Sund, Yoshie Yokoyama, Sisira H Siribaddana, Matthew Hotopf, Athula Sumathipala, Fruhling Rijsdijk, Qihua Tan, Dongfeng Zhang, Zengchang Pang, Sari Aaltonen, Kauko Heikkilä, Sevgi Y Öncel, Fazil Aliev, Esther Rebato, Adam D Tarnoki, David L Tarnoki, Kaare Christensen, Axel Skytthe, Kirsten O Kyvik, Judy L Silberg, Lindon J Eaves, Hermine H Maes, Tessa L Cutler, John L Hopper, Juan R Ordoñana, Juan F Sánchez-Romera, Lucia Colodro-Conde, Wendy Cozen, Amie E Hwang, Thomas M Mack, Joohon Sung, Yun-Mi Song, Sarah Yang, Kayoung Lee, Carol E Franz, William S Kremen, Michael J Lyons, Andreas Busjahn, Tracy L Nelson, Keith E Whitfield, Christian Kandler, Kerry L Jang, Margaret Gatz, David A Butler, Maria A Stazi, Corrado Fagnani, Cristina D'Ippolito, Glen E Duncan, Dedra Buchwald, Catherine A Derom, Robert F Vlietinck, Ruth Jf Loos, Nicholas G Martin, Sarah E Medland, Grant W Montgomery, Hoe-Uk Jeong, Gary E Swan, Ruth Krasnow, Patrik Ke Magnusson, Nancy L Pedersen, Anna K Dahl-Aslan, Tom A McAdams, Thalia C Eley, Alice M Gregory, Per Tynelius, Laura A Baker, Catherine Tuvblad, Gombojav Bayasgalan, Danshiitsoodol Narandalai, Paul Lichtenstein, Timothy D Spector, Massimo Mangino, Genevieve Lachance, Meike Bartels, Toos Cem van Beijsterveldt, Gonneke Willemsen, S Alexandra Burt, Kelly L Klump, Jennifer R Harris, Ingunn Brandt, Thomas Sevenius Nilsen, Robert F Krueger, Matt McGue, Shandell Pahlen, Robin P Corley, Jacob V B Hjelmborg, Jack H Goldberg, Yoshinori Iwatani, Mikio Watanabe, Chika Honda, Fujio Inui, Finn Rasmussen, Brooke M Huibregtse, Dorret I Boomsma, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Jaakko Kaprio, Karri Silventoinen
Human height variation is determined by genetic and environmental factors, but it remains unclear whether their influences differ across birth-year cohorts. We conducted an individual-based pooled analysis of 40 twin cohorts including 143,390 complete twin pairs born 1886-1994. Although genetic variance showed a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts, heritability estimates (0.69-0.84 in men and 0.53-0.78 in women) did not present any clear pattern of secular changes. Comparing geographic-cultural regions (Europe, North America and Australia, and East Asia), total height variance was greatest in North America and Australia and lowest in East Asia, but no clear pattern in the heritability estimates across the birth-year cohorts emerged...
December 14, 2016: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936794/gate-variable-mid-infrared-optical-transitions-in-a-bi1-xsbx-2te3-topological-insulator
#9
William S Whitney, Victor W Brar, Yunbo Ou, Yinming Shao, Artur R Davoyan, D N Basov, Ke He, Qi-Kun Xue, Harry A Atwater
We report mid-infrared spectroscopy measurements of ultrathin, electrostatically gated (Bi1-xSbx)2Te3 topological insulator films in which we observe several percent modulation of transmittance and reflectance as gating shifts the Fermi level. Infrared transmittance measurements of gated films were enabled by use of an epitaxial lift-off method for large-area transfer of topological insulator films from infrared-absorbing SrTiO3 growth substrates to thermal oxidized silicon substrates. We combine these optical experiments with transport measurements and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy to identify the observed spectral modulation as a gate-driven transfer of spectral weight between both bulk and 2D topological surface channels and interband and intraband channels...
December 20, 2016: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914106/effect-of-cranberry-extract-on-the-frequency-of-bacteriuria-in-dogs-with-acute-thoracolumbar-disk-herniation-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#10
N J Olby, S L Vaden, K Williams, E H Griffith, T Harris, C L Mariani, K R Muñana, P J Early, S R Platt, L Boozer, C Giovanella, R Longshore
BACKGROUND: Dogs with spinal cord injury are at increased risk of developing bacteriuria due to increased residual urine volume. Cranberry extract inhibits binding of E. coli to uroepithelial cells, potentially reducing risk of bacteriuria. HYPOTHESIS: Cranberry extract reduces risk of bacteriuria in dogs after acute TL-IVDH. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with acute onset TL-IVDH causing nonambulatory status. METHODS: Randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded, prospective clinical trial...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909674/minimally-invasive-quadriceps-tendon-harvest-and-graft-preparation-for-all-inside-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Harris S Slone, William B Ashford, John W Xerogeanes
The quadriceps tendon is an infrequently used graft option for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction despite favorable clinical results in the literature with low donor site morbidity. It is a versatile graft that can be harvested with bone or as a soft tissue graft alone. In addition, it can be used for anatomic, double-bundle, transtibial, and all-inside reconstructions. The unique characteristics of the quadriceps tendon allow for the ability to harvest a single-bundle large-diameter graft and minimize disruption of normal anatomy, which makes the quadriceps tendon an excellent choice for all-inside techniques...
October 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898078/corrigendum-genetic-variants-associated-with-subjective-well-being-depressive-symptoms-and-neuroticism-identified-through-genome-wide-analyses
#12
Aysu Okbay, Bart M L Baselmans, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Patrick Turley, Michel G Nivard, Mark Alan Fontana, S Fleur W Meddens, Richard Karlsson Linnér, Cornelius A Rietveld, Jaime Derringer, Jacob Gratten, James J Lee, Jimmy Z Liu, Ronald de Vlaming, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Jadwiga Buchwald, Alana Cavadino, Alexis C Frazier-Wood, Nicholas A Furlotte, Victoria Garfield, Marie Henrike Geisel, Juan R Gonzalez, Saskia Haitjema, Robert Karlsson, Sander W van der Laan, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Jari Lahti, Sven J van der Lee, Penelope A Lind, Tian Liu, Lindsay Matteson, Evelin Mihailov, Michael B Miller, Camelia C Minica, Ilja M Nolte, Dennis Mook-Kanamori, Peter J van der Most, Christopher Oldmeadow, Yong Qian, Olli Raitakari, Rajesh Rawal, Anu Realo, Rico Rueedi, Börge Schmidt, Albert V Smith, Evie Stergiakouli, Toshiko Tanaka, Kent Taylor, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Juho Wedenoja, Juergen Wellmann, Harm-Jan Westra, Sara M Willems, Wei Zhao, Najaf Amin, Andrew Bakshi, Sven Bergmann, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Patricia A Boyle, Samantha Cherney, Simon R Cox, Gail Davies, Oliver S P Davis, Jun Ding, Nese Direk, Peter Eibich, Rebecca T Emeny, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Jessica D Faul, Luigi Ferrucci, Andreas J Forstner, Christian Gieger, Richa Gupta, Tamara B Harris, Juliette M Harris, Elizabeth G Holliday, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Philip L De Jager, Marika A Kaakinen, Eero Kajantie, Ville Karhunen, Ivana Kolcic, Meena Kumari, Lenore J Launer, Lude Franke, Ruifang Li-Gao, David C Liewald, Marisa Koini, Anu Loukola, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Grant W Montgomery, Miriam A Mosing, Lavinia Paternoster, Alison Pattie, Katja E Petrovic, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Lydia Quaye, Katri Räikkönen, Igor Rudan, Rodney J Scott, Jennifer A Smith, Angelina R Sutin, Maciej Trzaskowski, Anna E Vinkhuyzen, Lei Yu, Delilah Zabaneh, John R Attia, David A Bennett, Klaus Berger, Lars Bertram, Dorret I Boomsma, Harold Snieder, Shun-Chiao Chang, Francesco Cucca, Ian J Deary, Cornelia M van Duijn, Johan G Eriksson, Ute Bültmann, Eco J C de Geus, Patrick J F Groenen, Vilmundur Gudnason, Torben Hansen, Catharine A Hartman, Claire M A Haworth, Caroline Hayward, Andrew C Heath, David A Hinds, Elina Hyppönen, William G William, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Jaakko Kaprio, Sharon L R Kardia, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Peter Kraft, Laura D Kubzansky, Terho Lehtimäki, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nicholas G Martin, Matt McGue, Andres Metspalu, Melinda Mills, Renée de Mutsert, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Robert Plomin, Ozren Polasek, Christine Power, Stephen S Rich, Frits R Rosendaal, Hester M den Ruijter, David Schlessinger, Helena Schmidt, Rauli Svento, Reinhold Schmidt, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Andrew Steptoe, Antonio Terracciano, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, A Roy Thurik, Nicholas J Timpson, Henning Tiemeier, André G Uitterlinden, Peter Vollenweider, Gert G Wagner, David R Weir, Jian Yang, Dalton C Conley, George Davey Smith, Albert Hofman, Magnus Johannesson, David I Laibson, Sarah E Medland, Michelle N Meyer, Joseph K Pickrell, Tõnu Esko, Robert F Krueger, Jonathan P Beauchamp, Philipp D Koellinger, Daniel J Benjamin, Meike Bartels, David Cesarini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893130/effect-of-inpatient-palliative-care-on-quality-of-life-2-weeks-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Areej El-Jawahri, Thomas LeBlanc, Harry VanDusen, Lara Traeger, Joseph A Greer, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Jason Telles, Alison Rhodes, Thomas R Spitzer, Steven McAfee, Yi-Bin A Chen, Stephanie S Lee, Jennifer S Temel
Importance: During hospitalization for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT), patients receive high-dose chemotherapy before transplantation and experience significant physical and psychological symptoms and poor quality of life (QOL). Objective: To assess the effect of inpatient palliative care on patient- and caregiver-reported outcomes during hospitalization for HCT and 3 months after transplantation. Design, Setting, and Participants: Nonblinded randomized clinical trial among 160 adults with hematologic malignancies undergoing autologous/allogeneic HCT and their caregivers (n = 94)...
November 22, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835023/correlated-event-by-event-fluctuations-of-flow-harmonics-in-pb-pb-collisions-at-sqrt-s_-nn-2-76%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev
#14
J Adam, D Adamová, M M Aggarwal, G Aglieri Rinella, M Agnello, N Agrawal, Z Ahammed, S Ahmad, S U Ahn, S Aiola, A Akindinov, S N Alam, D S D Albuquerque, D Aleksandrov, B Alessandro, D Alexandre, R Alfaro Molina, A Alici, A Alkin, J R M Almaraz, J Alme, T Alt, S Altinpinar, I Altsybeev, C Alves Garcia Prado, C Andrei, A Andronic, V Anguelov, T Antičić, F Antinori, P Antonioli, L Aphecetche, H Appelshäuser, S Arcelli, R Arnaldi, O W Arnold, I C Arsene, M Arslandok, B Audurier, A Augustinus, R Averbeck, M D Azmi, A Badalà, Y W Baek, S Bagnasco, R Bailhache, R Bala, S Balasubramanian, A Baldisseri, R C Baral, A M Barbano, R Barbera, F Barile, G G Barnaföldi, L S Barnby, V Barret, P Bartalini, K Barth, J Bartke, E Bartsch, M Basile, N Bastid, S Basu, B Bathen, G Batigne, A Batista Camejo, B Batyunya, P C Batzing, I G Bearden, H Beck, C Bedda, N K Behera, I Belikov, F Bellini, H Bello Martinez, R Bellwied, R Belmont, E Belmont-Moreno, L G E Beltran, V Belyaev, G Bencedi, S Beole, I Berceanu, A Bercuci, Y Berdnikov, D Berenyi, R A Bertens, D Berzano, L Betev, A Bhasin, I R Bhat, A K Bhati, B Bhattacharjee, J Bhom, L Bianchi, N Bianchi, C Bianchin, J Bielčík, J Bielčíková, A Bilandzic, G Biro, R Biswas, S Biswas, S Bjelogrlic, J T Blair, D Blau, C Blume, F Bock, A Bogdanov, H Bøggild, L Boldizsár, M Bombara, J Book, H Borel, A Borissov, M Borri, F Bossú, E Botta, C Bourjau, P Braun-Munzinger, M Bregant, T Breitner, T A Broker, T A Browning, M Broz, E J Brucken, E Bruna, G E Bruno, D Budnikov, H Buesching, S Bufalino, P Buncic, O Busch, Z Buthelezi, J B Butt, J T Buxton, J Cabala, D Caffarri, X Cai, H Caines, L Calero Diaz, A Caliva, E Calvo Villar, P Camerini, F Carena, W Carena, F Carnesecchi, J Castillo Castellanos, A J Castro, E A R Casula, C Ceballos Sanchez, J Cepila, P Cerello, J Cerkala, B Chang, S Chapeland, M Chartier, J L Charvet, S Chattopadhyay, S Chattopadhyay, A Chauvin, V Chelnokov, M Cherney, C Cheshkov, B Cheynis, V Chibante Barroso, D D Chinellato, S Cho, P Chochula, K Choi, M Chojnacki, S Choudhury, P Christakoglou, C H Christensen, P Christiansen, T Chujo, S U Chung, C Cicalo, L Cifarelli, F Cindolo, J Cleymans, F Colamaria, D Colella, A Collu, M Colocci, G Conesa Balbastre, Z Conesa Del Valle, M E Connors, J G Contreras, T M Cormier, Y Corrales Morales, I Cortés Maldonado, P Cortese, M R Cosentino, F Costa, P Crochet, R Cruz Albino, E Cuautle, L Cunqueiro, T Dahms, A Dainese, M C Danisch, A Danu, D Das, I Das, S Das, A Dash, S Dash, S De, A De Caro, G de Cataldo, C de Conti, J de Cuveland, A De Falco, D De Gruttola, N De Marco, S De Pasquale, R D De Souza, A Deisting, A Deloff, E Dénes, C Deplano, P Dhankher, D Di Bari, A Di Mauro, P Di Nezza, B Di Ruzza, M A Diaz Corchero, T Dietel, P Dillenseger, R Divià, Ø Djuvsland, A Dobrin, D Domenicis Gimenez, B Dönigus, O Dordic, T Drozhzhova, A K Dubey, A Dubla, L Ducroux, P Dupieux, R J Ehlers, D Elia, E Endress, H Engel, E Epple, B Erazmus, I Erdemir, F Erhardt, B Espagnon, M Estienne, S Esumi, J Eum, D Evans, S Evdokimov, G Eyyubova, L Fabbietti, D Fabris, J Faivre, A Fantoni, M Fasel, L Feldkamp, A Feliciello, G Feofilov, J Ferencei, A Fernández Téllez, E G Ferreiro, A Ferretti, A Festanti, V J G Feuillard, J Figiel, M A S Figueredo, S Filchagin, D Finogeev, F M Fionda, E M Fiore, M G Fleck, M Floris, S Foertsch, P Foka, S Fokin, E Fragiacomo, A Francescon, A Francisco, U Frankenfeld, G G Fronze, U Fuchs, C Furget, A Furs, M Fusco Girard, J J Gaardhøje, M Gagliardi, A M Gago, K Gajdosova, M Gallio, C D Galvan, D R Gangadharan, P Ganoti, C Gao, C Garabatos, E Garcia-Solis, C Gargiulo, P Gasik, E F Gauger, M Germain, M Gheata, P Ghosh, S K Ghosh, P Gianotti, P Giubellino, P Giubilato, E Gladysz-Dziadus, P Glässel, D M Goméz Coral, A Gomez Ramirez, A S Gonzalez, V Gonzalez, P González-Zamora, S Gorbunov, L Görlich, S Gotovac, V Grabski, O A Grachov, L K Graczykowski, K L Graham, A Grelli, A Grigoras, C Grigoras, V Grigoriev, A Grigoryan, S Grigoryan, B Grinyov, N Grion, J M Gronefeld, J F Grosse-Oetringhaus, R Grosso, L Gruber, F Guber, R Guernane, B Guerzoni, K Gulbrandsen, T Gunji, A Gupta, R Gupta, R Haake, Ø Haaland, C Hadjidakis, M Haiduc, H Hamagaki, G Hamar, J C Hamon, J W Harris, A Harton, D Hatzifotiadou, S Hayashi, S T Heckel, E Hellbär, H Helstrup, A Herghelegiu, G Herrera Corral, B A Hess, K F Hetland, H Hillemanns, B Hippolyte, D Horak, R Hosokawa, P Hristov, C Hughes, T J Humanic, N Hussain, T Hussain, D Hutter, D S Hwang, R Ilkaev, M Inaba, E Incani, M Ippolitov, M Irfan, M Ivanov, V Ivanov, V Izucheev, B Jacak, N Jacazio, P M Jacobs, M B Jadhav, S Jadlovska, J Jadlovsky, C Jahnke, M J Jakubowska, H J Jang, M A Janik, P H S Y Jayarathna, C Jena, S Jena, R T Jimenez Bustamante, P G Jones, A Jusko, P Kalinak, A Kalweit, J Kamin, J H Kang, V Kaplin, S Kar, A Karasu Uysal, O Karavichev, T Karavicheva, L Karayan, E Karpechev, U Kebschull, R Keidel, D L D Keijdener, M Keil, M Mohisin Khan, P Khan, S A Khan, A Khanzadeev, Y Kharlov, B Kileng, D W Kim, D J Kim, D Kim, H Kim, J S Kim, J Kim, M Kim, S Kim, T Kim, S Kirsch, I Kisel, S Kiselev, A Kisiel, G Kiss, J L Klay, C Klein, J Klein, C Klein-Bösing, S Klewin, A Kluge, M L Knichel, A G Knospe, C Kobdaj, M Kofarago, T Kollegger, A Kolojvari, V Kondratiev, N Kondratyeva, E Kondratyuk, A Konevskikh, M Kopcik, M Kour, C Kouzinopoulos, O Kovalenko, V Kovalenko, M Kowalski, G Koyithatta Meethaleveedu, I Králik, A Kravčáková, M Krivda, F Krizek, E Kryshen, M Krzewicki, A M Kubera, V Kučera, C Kuhn, P G Kuijer, A Kumar, J Kumar, L Kumar, S Kumar, P Kurashvili, A Kurepin, A B Kurepin, A Kuryakin, M J Kweon, Y Kwon, S L La Pointe, P La Rocca, P Ladron de Guevara, C Lagana Fernandes, I Lakomov, R Langoy, K Lapidus, C Lara, A Lardeux, A Lattuca, E Laudi, R Lea, L Leardini, G R Lee, S Lee, F Lehas, S Lehner, R C Lemmon, V Lenti, E Leogrande, I León Monzón, H León Vargas, M Leoncino, P Lévai, S Li, X Li, J Lien, R Lietava, S Lindal, V Lindenstruth, C Lippmann, M A Lisa, H M Ljunggren, D F Lodato, P I Loenne, V Loginov, C Loizides, X Lopez, E López Torres, A Lowe, P Luettig, M Lunardon, G Luparello, T H Lutz, A Maevskaya, M Mager, S Mahajan, S M Mahmood, A Maire, R D Majka, M Malaev, I Maldonado Cervantes, L Malinina, D Mal'Kevich, P Malzacher, A Mamonov, V Manko, F Manso, V Manzari, M Marchisone, J Mareš, G V Margagliotti, A Margotti, J Margutti, A Marín, C Markert, M Marquard, N A Martin, J Martin Blanco, P Martinengo, M I Martínez, G Martínez García, M Martinez Pedreira, A Mas, S Masciocchi, M Masera, A Masoni, A Mastroserio, A Matyja, C Mayer, J Mazer, M A Mazzoni, D Mcdonald, F Meddi, Y Melikyan, A Menchaca-Rocha, E Meninno, J Mercado Pérez, M Meres, Y Miake, M M Mieskolainen, K Mikhaylov, L Milano, J Milosevic, A Mischke, A N Mishra, D Miśkowiec, J Mitra, C M Mitu, N Mohammadi, B Mohanty, L Molnar, L Montaño Zetina, E Montes, D A Moreira De Godoy, L A P Moreno, S Moretto, A Morreale, A Morsch, V Muccifora, E Mudnic, D Mühlheim, S Muhuri, M Mukherjee, J D Mulligan, M G Munhoz, K Münning, R H Munzer, H Murakami, S Murray, L Musa, J Musinsky, B Naik, R Nair, B K Nandi, R Nania, E Nappi, M U Naru, H Natal da Luz, C Nattrass, S R Navarro, K Nayak, R Nayak, T K Nayak, S Nazarenko, A Nedosekin, L Nellen, F Ng, M Nicassio, M Niculescu, J Niedziela, B S Nielsen, S Nikolaev, S Nikulin, V Nikulin, F Noferini, P Nomokonov, G Nooren, J C C Noris, J Norman, A Nyanin, J Nystrand, H Oeschler, S Oh, S K Oh, A Ohlson, A Okatan, T Okubo, J Oleniacz, A C Oliveira Da Silva, M H Oliver, J Onderwaater, C Oppedisano, R Orava, M Oravec, A Ortiz Velasquez, A Oskarsson, J Otwinowski, K Oyama, M Ozdemir, Y Pachmayer, D Pagano, P Pagano, G Paić, S K Pal, J Pan, A K Pandey, V Papikyan, G S Pappalardo, P Pareek, W J Park, S Parmar, A Passfeld, V Paticchio, R N Patra, B Paul, H Pei, T Peitzmann, X Peng, H Pereira Da Costa, D Peresunko, E Perez Lezama, V Peskov, Y Pestov, V Petráček, V Petrov, M Petrovici, C Petta, S Piano, M Pikna, P Pillot, L O D L Pimentel, O Pinazza, L Pinsky, D B Piyarathna, M Płoskoń, M Planinic, J Pluta, S Pochybova, P L M Podesta-Lerma, M G Poghosyan, B Polichtchouk, N Poljak, W Poonsawat, A Pop, H Poppenborg, S Porteboeuf-Houssais, J Porter, J Pospisil, S K Prasad, R Preghenella, F Prino, C A Pruneau, I Pshenichnov, M Puccio, G Puddu, P Pujahari, V Punin, J Putschke, H Qvigstad, A Rachevski, S Raha, S Rajput, J Rak, A Rakotozafindrabe, L Ramello, F Rami, R Raniwala, S Raniwala, S S Räsänen, B T Rascanu, D Rathee, K F Read, K Redlich, R J Reed, A Rehman, P Reichelt, F Reidt, X Ren, R Renfordt, A R Reolon, A Reshetin, K Reygers, V Riabov, R A Ricci, T Richert, M Richter, P Riedler, W Riegler, F Riggi, C Ristea, E Rocco, M Rodríguez Cahuantzi, A Rodriguez Manso, K Røed, E Rogochaya, D Rohr, D Röhrich, F Ronchetti, L Ronflette, P Rosnet, A Rossi, F Roukoutakis, A Roy, C Roy, P Roy, A J Rubio Montero, R Rui, R Russo, E Ryabinkin, Y Ryabov, A Rybicki, S Saarinen, S Sadhu, S Sadovsky, K Šafařík, B Sahlmuller, P Sahoo, R Sahoo, S Sahoo, P K Sahu, J Saini, S Sakai, M A Saleh, J Salzwedel, S Sambyal, V Samsonov, L Šándor, A Sandoval, M Sano, D Sarkar, N Sarkar, P Sarma, E Scapparone, F Scarlassara, C Schiaua, R Schicker, C Schmidt, H R Schmidt, M Schmidt, S Schuchmann, J Schukraft, M Schulc, Y Schutz, K Schwarz, K Schweda, G Scioli, E Scomparin, R Scott, M Šefčík, J E Seger, Y Sekiguchi, D Sekihata, I Selyuzhenkov, K Senosi, S Senyukov, E Serradilla, A Sevcenco, A Shabanov, A Shabetai, O Shadura, R Shahoyan, M I Shahzad, A Shangaraev, A Sharma, M Sharma, M Sharma, N Sharma, A I Sheikh, K Shigaki, Q Shou, K Shtejer, Y Sibiriak, S Siddhanta, K M Sielewicz, T Siemiarczuk, D Silvermyr, C Silvestre, G Simatovic, G Simonetti, R Singaraju, R Singh, V Singhal, T Sinha, B Sitar, M Sitta, T B Skaali, M Slupecki, N Smirnov, R J M Snellings, T W Snellman, J Song, M Song, Z Song, F Soramel, S Sorensen, F Sozzi, M Spacek, E Spiriti, I Sputowska, M Spyropoulou-Stassinaki, J Stachel, I Stan, P Stankus, E Stenlund, G Steyn, J H Stiller, D Stocco, P Strmen, A A P Suaide, T Sugitate, C Suire, M Suleymanov, M Suljic, R Sultanov, M Šumbera, S Sumowidagdo, A Szabo, I Szarka, A Szczepankiewicz, M Szymanski, U Tabassam, J Takahashi, G J Tambave, N Tanaka, M Tarhini, M Tariq, M G Tarzila, A Tauro, G Tejeda Muñoz, A Telesca, K Terasaki, C Terrevoli, B Teyssier, J Thäder, D Thakur, D Thomas, R Tieulent, A Tikhonov, A R Timmins, A Toia, S Trogolo, G Trombetta, V Trubnikov, W H Trzaska, T Tsuji, A Tumkin, R Turrisi, T S Tveter, K Ullaland, A Uras, G L Usai, A Utrobicic, M Vala, L Valencia Palomo, S Vallero, J Van Der Maarel, J W Van Hoorne, M van Leeuwen, T Vanat, P Vande Vyvre, D Varga, A Vargas, M Vargyas, R Varma, M Vasileiou, A Vasiliev, A Vauthier, O Vázquez Doce, V Vechernin, A M Veen, M Veldhoen, A Velure, E Vercellin, S Vergara Limón, R Vernet, M Verweij, L Vickovic, J Viinikainen, Z Vilakazi, O Villalobos Baillie, A Villatoro Tello, A Vinogradov, L Vinogradov, Y Vinogradov, T Virgili, V Vislavicius, Y P Viyogi, A Vodopyanov, M A Völkl, K Voloshin, S A Voloshin, G Volpe, B von Haller, I Vorobyev, D Vranic, J Vrláková, B Vulpescu, B Wagner, J Wagner, H Wang, M Wang, D Watanabe, Y Watanabe, M Weber, S G Weber, D F Weiser, J P Wessels, U Westerhoff, A M Whitehead, J Wiechula, J Wikne, G Wilk, J Wilkinson, M C S Williams, B Windelband, M Winn, P Yang, S Yano, Z Yasin, Z Yin, H Yokoyama, I-K Yoo, J H Yoon, V Yurchenko, A Zaborowska, V Zaccolo, A Zaman, C Zampolli, H J C Zanoli, S Zaporozhets, N Zardoshti, A Zarochentsev, P Závada, N Zaviyalov, H Zbroszczyk, I S Zgura, M Zhalov, H Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, C Zhang, Z Zhang, C Zhao, N Zhigareva, D Zhou, Y Zhou, Z Zhou, H Zhu, J Zhu, A Zichichi, A Zimmermann, M B Zimmermann, G Zinovjev, M Zyzak
We report the measurements of correlations between event-by-event fluctuations of amplitudes of anisotropic flow harmonics in nucleus-nucleus collisions, obtained for the first time using a new analysis method based on multiparticle cumulants in mixed harmonics. This novel method is robust against systematic biases originating from nonflow effects and by construction any dependence on symmetry planes is eliminated. We demonstrate that correlations of flow harmonics exhibit a better sensitivity to medium properties than the individual flow harmonics...
October 28, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824692/long-term-marathon-running-is-associated-with-low-coronary-plaque-formation-in-women
#15
William O Roberts, Robert S Schwartz, Stacia Merkel Kraus, Jonathan G Schwartz, Gretchen Peichel, Ross F Garberich, John R Lesser, Stephen N Oesterle, Kelly K Wickstrom, Thomas Knickelbine, Kevin M Harris
INTRODUCTION: Marathon running is presumed to improve cardiovascular risk, but health benefits of high volume running are unknown. High resolution coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) and a cardiac risk factor assessment were completed in women with long term marathon running histories to compare to sedentary women with similar risk factors. METHODS: Women who had run at least one marathon per year for 10-25 years underwent CCTA, 12-lead ECG, blood pressure and heart rate measurement, lipid panel, and a demographic/health risk factor survey...
November 7, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821148/understanding-pneumococcal-serotype-1-biology-through-population-genomic-analysis
#16
Chrispin Chaguza, Jennifer E Cornick, Simon R Harris, Cheryl P Andam, Laura Bricio-Moreno, Marie Yang, Feyruz Yalcin, Sani Ousmane, Shanil Govindpersad, Madikay Senghore, Chinelo Ebruke, Mignon Du Plessis, Anmol M Kiran, Gerd Pluschke, Betuel Sigauque, Lesley McGee, Keith P Klugman, Paul Turner, Jukka Corander, Julian Parkhill, Jean-Marc Collard, Martin Antonio, Anne von Gottberg, Robert S Heyderman, Neil French, Aras Kadioglu, William P Hanage, Dean B Everett, Stephen D Bentley
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcus kills over one million children annually and over 90 % of these deaths occur in low-income countries especially in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where HIV exacerbates the disease burden. In SSA, serotype 1 pneumococci particularly the endemic ST217 clone, causes majority of the pneumococcal disease burden. To understand the evolution of the virulent ST217 clone, we analysed ST217 whole genomes from isolates sampled from African and Asian countries. METHODS: We analysed 226 whole genome sequences from the ST217 lineage sampled from 9 African and 4 Asian countries...
November 8, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798627/genome-wide-analysis-identifies-12-loci-influencing-human-reproductive-behavior
#17
Nicola Barban, Rick Jansen, Ronald de Vlaming, Ahmad Vaez, Jornt J Mandemakers, Felix C Tropf, Xia Shen, James F Wilson, Daniel I Chasman, Ilja M Nolte, Vinicius Tragante, Sander W van der Laan, John R B Perry, Augustine Kong, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Eva Albrecht, Laura Yerges-Armstrong, Gil Atzmon, Kirsi Auro, Kristin Ayers, Andrew Bakshi, Danny Ben-Avraham, Klaus Berger, Aviv Bergman, Lars Bertram, Lawrence F Bielak, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Marc Jan Bonder, Linda Broer, Minh Bui, Caterina Barbieri, Alana Cavadino, Jorge E Chavarro, Constance Turman, Maria Pina Concas, Heather J Cordell, Gail Davies, Peter Eibich, Nicholas Eriksson, Tõnu Esko, Joel Eriksson, Fahimeh Falahi, Janine F Felix, Mark Alan Fontana, Lude Franke, Ilaria Gandin, Audrey J Gaskins, Christian Gieger, Erica P Gunderson, Xiuqing Guo, Caroline Hayward, Chunyan He, Edith Hofer, Hongyan Huang, Peter K Joshi, Stavroula Kanoni, Robert Karlsson, Stefan Kiechl, Annette Kifley, Alexander Kluttig, Peter Kraft, Vasiliki Lagou, Cecile Lecoeur, Jari Lahti, Ruifang Li-Gao, Penelope A Lind, Tian Liu, Enes Makalic, Crysovalanto Mamasoula, Lindsay Matteson, Hamdi Mbarek, Patrick F McArdle, George McMahon, S Fleur W Meddens, Evelin Mihailov, Mike Miller, Stacey A Missmer, Claire Monnereau, Peter J van der Most, Ronny Myhre, Mike A Nalls, Teresa Nutile, Ioanna Panagiota Kalafati, Eleonora Porcu, Inga Prokopenko, Kumar B Rajan, Janet Rich-Edwards, Cornelius A Rietveld, Antonietta Robino, Lynda M Rose, Rico Rueedi, Kathleen A Ryan, Yasaman Saba, Daniel Schmidt, Jennifer A Smith, Lisette Stolk, Elizabeth Streeten, Anke Tönjes, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Sheila Ulivi, Juho Wedenoja, Juergen Wellmann, Peter Willeit, Jie Yao, Loic Yengo, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Daria V Zhernakova, Najaf Amin, Howard Andrews, Beverley Balkau, Nir Barzilai, Sven Bergmann, Ginevra Biino, Hans Bisgaard, Klaus Bønnelykke, Dorret I Boomsma, Julie E Buring, Harry Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, Marina Ciullo, Simon R Cox, Francesco Cucca, Daniela Toniolo, George Davey-Smith, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Panos Deloukas, Cornelia M van Duijn, Eco J C de Geus, Johan G Eriksson, Denis A Evans, Jessica D Faul, Cinzia Felicita Sala, Philippe Froguel, Paolo Gasparini, Giorgia Girotto, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Karin Halina Greiser, Patrick J F Groenen, Hugoline G de Haan, Johannes Haerting, Tamara B Harris, Andrew C Heath, Kauko Heikkilä, Albert Hofman, Georg Homuth, Elizabeth G Holliday, John Hopper, Elina Hyppönen, Bo Jacobsson, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Magnus Johannesson, Astanand Jugessur, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Sharon L R Kardia, Bernard Keavney, Ivana Kolcic, Päivikki Koponen, Peter Kovacs, Florian Kronenberg, Zoltan Kutalik, Martina La Bianca, Genevieve Lachance, William G Iacono, Sandra Lai, Terho Lehtimäki, David C Liewald, Cecilia M Lindgren, Yongmei Liu, Robert Luben, Michael Lucht, Riitta Luoto, Per Magnus, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nicholas G Martin, Matt McGue, Ruth McQuillan, Sarah E Medland, Christa Meisinger, Dan Mellström, Andres Metspalu, Michela Traglia, Lili Milani, Paul Mitchell, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis Mook-Kanamori, Renée de Mutsert, Ellen A Nohr, Claes Ohlsson, Jørn Olsen, Ken K Ong, Lavinia Paternoster, Alison Pattie, Brenda W J H Penninx, Markus Perola, Patricia A Peyser, Mario Pirastu, Ozren Polasek, Chris Power, Jaakko Kaprio, Leslie J Raffel, Katri Räikkönen, Olli Raitakari, Paul M Ridker, Susan M Ring, Kathryn Roll, Igor Rudan, Daniela Ruggiero, Dan Rujescu, Veikko Salomaa, David Schlessinger, Helena Schmidt, Reinhold Schmidt, Nicole Schupf, Johannes Smit, Rossella Sorice, Tim D Spector, John M Starr, Doris Stöckl, Konstantin Strauch, Michael Stumvoll, Morris A Swertz, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, A Roy Thurik, Nicholas J Timpson, Joyce Y Tung, André G Uitterlinden, Simona Vaccargiu, Jorma Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Dragana Vuckovic, Johannes Waage, Gert G Wagner, Jie Jin Wang, Nicholas J Wareham, David R Weir, Gonneke Willemsen, Johann Willeit, Alan F Wright, Krina T Zondervan, Kari Stefansson, Robert F Krueger, James J Lee, Daniel J Benjamin, David Cesarini, Philipp D Koellinger, Marcel den Hoed, Harold Snieder, Melinda C Mills
The genetic architecture of human reproductive behavior-age at first birth (AFB) and number of children ever born (NEB)-has a strong relationship with fitness, human development, infertility and risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. However, very few genetic loci have been identified, and the underlying mechanisms of AFB and NEB are poorly understood. We report a large genome-wide association study of both sexes including 251,151 individuals for AFB and 343,072 individuals for NEB. We identified 12 independent loci that are significantly associated with AFB and/or NEB in a SNP-based genome-wide association study and 4 additional loci associated in a gene-based effort...
December 2016: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796616/human-milk-fatty-acid-composition-comparison-of-novel-dried-milk-spot-versus-standard-liquid-extraction-methods
#18
Michael C Rudolph, Bridget E Young, Kristina Harris Jackson, Nancy F Krebs, William S Harris, Paul S MacLean
Accurate assessment of the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LC-PUFA) content of human milk (HM) provides a powerful means to evaluate the FA nutrient status of breastfed infants. The conventional standard for FA composition analysis of HM is liquid extraction, trans-methylation, and analyte detection resolved by gas chromatography. This standard approach requires fresh or frozen samples, storage in deep freeze, organic solvents, and specialized equipment in processing and analysis. Further, HM collection is often impractical for many studies in the free living environment, particularly for studies in developing countries...
December 2016: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782691/technical-note-scuda-a-software-platform-for-cumulative-dose-assessment
#19
Seyoun Park, Todd McNutt, William Plishker, Harry Quon, John Wong, Raj Shekhar, Junghoon Lee
PURPOSE: Accurate tracking of anatomical changes and computation of actually delivered dose to the patient are critical for successful adaptive radiation therapy (ART). Additionally, efficient data management and fast processing are practically important for the adoption in clinic as ART involves a large amount of image and treatment data. The purpose of this study was to develop an accurate and efficient Software platform for CUmulative Dose Assessment (scuda) that can be seamlessly integrated into the clinical workflow...
October 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765078/whole-blood-fatty-acids-are-associated-with-executive-function-in-tanzanian-children-aged-4-6-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Theresia Jumbe, Sarah S Comstock, William S Harris, Joyce Kinabo, Matthew B Pontifex, Jenifer I Fenton
Essential fatty acids (EFA) are PUFA that are metabolised to long-chain PUFA and are important for brain development and cognitive function. The objective of this study was to determine the association between whole-blood EFA and cognitive function in Tanzanian children. A total of 325 2-6-year-old children attempted the dimensional change card sort (DCCS) tasks to assess executive function. Blood samples were collected for fatty acid (FA) analysis by GC. Associations between executive function and FA levels were assessed by regression...
October 21, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
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