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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138548/e-cigarettes-in-patients-with-copd-current-perspectives
#1
REVIEW
J B Morjaria, E Mondati, R Polosa
Conventional cigarette smoking is known to result in significant COPD morbidity and mortality. Strategies to reduce and/or stop smoking in this highly vulnerable patient group are key public health priorities to reduce COPD morbidity and mortality. Unfortunately, smoking cessation efforts in patients with COPD are poor and there is a compelling need for more efficient approaches to cessation for patients with COPD. Electronic cigarettes (ECs) are devices that use batteries to vaporize nicotine. They may facilitate quit attempts and cessation in many smokers...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129177/copd-x-australian-and-new-zealand-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-2017-update
#2
Ian A Yang, Juliet L Brown, Johnson George, Sue Jenkins, Christine F McDonald, Vanessa M McDonald, Kirsten Phillips, Brian J Smith, Nicholas A Zwar, Eli Dabscheck
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterised by persistent respiratory symptoms and chronic airflow limitation, and is associated with exacerbations and comorbidities. Advances in the management of COPD are updated quarterly in the national COPD guidelines, the COPD-X plan, published by Lung Foundation Australia in conjunction with the Thoracic Society of Australia and New Zealand and available at http://copdx.org.au. Main recommendations: Spirometry detects persistent airflow limitation (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC < 0...
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117796/effects-of-varenicline-therapy-in-combination-with-advanced-behavioral-support-on-smoking-cessation-and-quality-of-life-in-inpatients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-copd-bronchial-asthma-or-community-acquired-pneumonia-a-prospective-open-label-preference-based
#3
Alexios Politis, Vasileios Ioannidis, Konstantinos I Gourgoulianis, Zoe Daniil, Chrissi Hatzoglou
Quitting smoking is the most important element in the therapeutic management of chronic respiratory diseases. Combining pharmacotherapy with behavioral support increases smoking cessation success rates. In addition, hospitalized smokers have increased motivation to quit. We investigated the efficacy on smoking cessation, of varenicline in combination with behavioral support, in smokers hospitalized due to (a) acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), or (b) bronchial asthma attack, or (c) community-acquired pneumonia (CAP)...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104008/structured-pharmacist-led-intervention-programme-to-improve-medication-adherence-in-copd-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Suhaj Abdulsalim, Mazhuvancherry Kesavan Unnikrishnan, Mohan K Manu, Alian A Alrasheedy, Brian Godman, Donald E Morisky
BACKGROUND: COPD is characterised by a progressive airflow limitation in the lungs. However, adherence to therapy improves management of symptoms and delays disease progression. Therefore, patients' knowledge and awareness about the disease are important. Hence, pharmacist-led educational interventions could achieve this and improve medication adherence. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a clinical pharmacist-led intervention on medication adherence in COPD patients in a teaching hospital...
October 26, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100941/impact-of-clinical-pharmacist-services-delivered-via-telemedicine-in-the-outpatient-or-ambulatory-care-setting-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Joshua D Niznik, Harvey He, Sandra L Kane-Gill
BACKGROUND: Utilization of telemedicine allows pharmacists to extend the reach of clinical interventions, connecting them with patients and providers, but the overall impact of these services is under-studied. OBJECTIVE: Identify the impact of clinical pharmacist telemedicine interventions on clinical outcomes, subsequently defined as clinical disease management, patient self-management, and adherence, in outpatient or ambulatory settings. METHODS: A literature search was conducted from database inception through May 2016 in Medline, SCOPUS, and EMBASE...
October 28, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081655/mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-in-copd-from-bench-to-bedside
#6
REVIEW
Mariana A Antunes, José Roberto Lapa E Silva, Patricia Rm Rocco
COPD is the most frequent chronic respiratory disease and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality. The major risk factor for COPD development is cigarette smoke, and the most efficient treatment for COPD is smoking cessation. However, even after smoking cessation, inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress may persist and continue contributing to disease progression. Although current therapies for COPD (primarily based on anti-inflammatory agents) contribute to the reduction of airway obstruction and minimize COPD exacerbations, none can avoid disease progression or reduce mortality...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072438/economic-burden-of-smoking-in-iran-a-prevalence-based-annual-cost-approach
#7
Satar Rezaei, Behzad Karami Matin, Mohammad Hajizadeh, Mohammad Bazyar, Ali Akbari Sari
Objectives: The burden of smoking on the health system and society is significant. The current study aimed to estimate the annual direct and indirect costs of smoking in Iran for the year 2014. Methods: A prevalence-based diseasespecific approach was used to determine costs associated with the three most common smoking-related diseases: lung cancer (LC), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Data on healthcare utilization were obtained from an original survey, hospital records and questionnaires...
October 26, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043847/smoking-related-interstitial-fibrosis-evidence-of-radiologic-regression-with-advancing-age-and-smoking-cessation
#8
Aurélie Fabre, Ann Treacy, Lisa P Lavelle, Maciek Narski, Nazia Faheem, David Healy, Jonathan D Dodd, Michael P Keane, James J Egan, Gilles Jebrak, Hervé Mal, Marcus W Butler
More data are needed regarding the radiology, co-morbidities and natural history of smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF), a common pathological finding, mainly described heretofore in association with lung cancer, where respiratory bronchiolitis (RB) usually co-exists. We prospectively acquired high resolution CT scan data (edge-enhancing lung reconstructions) to detect any radiologic interstitial lung abnormality (ILA) in individuals who ultimately underwent surgical lobectomy for lung cancer (n = 20), for radiologic/pathologic correlation...
October 18, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979116/self-management-behaviors-to-reduce-exacerbation-impact-in-copd-patients-a-delphi-study
#9
Yvonne Jg Korpershoek, Joyce C Bruins Slot, Tanja W Effing, Marieke J Schuurmans, Jaap Ca Trappenburg
BACKGROUND: Little is known about which self-management behaviors have the highest potential to influence exacerbation impact in COPD patients. We aimed to reach expert consensus on the most relevant set of self-management behaviors that can be targeted and influenced to maximize reduction of exacerbation impact. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2-round Delphi study was performed using online surveys to rate the relevance and feasibility of predetermined self-management behaviors identified by literature and expert opinion...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929906/the-important-role-of-primary-care-providers-in-the-detection-of-alpha-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#10
Jorge E Lascano, Michael A Campos
OBJECTIVE: Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (AATD) is an underrecognized genetic disorder that can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and liver cirrhosis, two clinical conditions commonly seen by primary care physicians. AATD is estimated to affect 1/4000-1/5000 people in the United States and 1-2% of all COPD cases. METHODS: PubMed was searched for relevant articles using AAT/AATD-related terms. RESULTS: Unfortunately, <10% of symptomatic individuals have been properly diagnosed primarily due to the underdiagnosis of COPD and the lack of awareness of AATD as a possible underlying cause...
October 5, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928190/interdisciplinary-model-of-care-radicals-for-early-detection-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-australian-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Benjamin van Hecke, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION: Up to half of all smokers develop clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Gaps exist in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guidelines for managing COPD in primary care. We describe the methodology of a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary model of care aimed at reducing the burden of smoking and COPD in Australian primary care settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A cRCT is being undertaken to evaluate an interdisciplinary model of care (RADICALS - Review of Airway Dysfunction and Interdisciplinary Community-based care of Adult Long-term Smokers)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922692/phosphodiesterase-4-inhibitors-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#12
REVIEW
Jimmy Chong, Bonnie Leung, Phillippa Poole
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with cough, sputum production or dyspnoea and a reduction in lung function, quality of life and life expectancy. Apart from smoking cessation, there are no other treatments that slow lung function decline. Roflumilast and cilomilast are oral phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors proposed to reduce the airway inflammation and bronchoconstriction seen in COPD. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2011 and updated in 2013...
September 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918179/-analysis-of-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disorder-copd-who-give-up-smoking
#13
C A Jimenez-Ruiz, J F Pascual Lledó, A Cícero Guerrero, M Cristóbal Fernández, M Mayayo Ulibarri, C Villar Laguna
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact in COPD patients' quality of life who stop smoking. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied a group of COPD patients who received smoking cessation treatment. All patients were treated with bronchodilators according to the severity of their disorder. This treatment was not changed during the process of smoking cessation. Patients received a smoking cessation programme that consisted of a combination of pharmacological treatment plus cognitive-behavioural treatment...
September 13, 2017: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884423/electronic-cigarette-use-in-us-adults-at-risk-for-or-with-copd-analysis-from-two-observational-cohorts
#14
Russell P Bowler, Nadia N Hansel, Sean Jacobson, R Graham Barr, Barry J Make, MeiLan K Han, Wanda K O'Neal, Elizabeth C Oelsner, Richard Casaburi, Igor Barjaktarevic, Chris Cooper, Marilyn Foreman, Robert A Wise, Dawn L DeMeo, Edwin K Silverman, William Bailey, Kathleen F Harrington, Prescott G Woodruff, M Bradley Drummond
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-operated nicotine-delivery devices used by some smokers as a cessation tool as well as by never smokers. OBJECTIVE: To determine the usage of e-cigarettes in older adults at risk for or with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Prospective cohorts. PARTICIPANTS: COPDGene (N = 3536) and SPIROMICS (N = 1060) subjects who were current or former smokers aged 45-80...
September 7, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877023/airway-mucin-concentration-as-a-marker-of-chronic-bronchitis
#15
Mehmet Kesimer, Amina A Ford, Agathe Ceppe, Giorgia Radicioni, Rui Cao, C William Davis, Claire M Doerschuk, Neil E Alexis, Wayne H Anderson, Ashley G Henderson, R Graham Barr, Eugene R Bleecker, Stephanie A Christenson, Christopher B Cooper, MeiLan K Han, Nadia N Hansel, Annette T Hastie, Eric A Hoffman, Richard E Kanner, Fernando Martinez, Robert Paine, Prescott G Woodruff, Wanda K O'Neal, Richard C Boucher
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic bronchitic and emphysematous components. In one biophysical model, the concentration of mucin on the airway surfaces is hypothesized to be a key variable that controls mucus transport in healthy persons versus cessation of transport in persons with muco-obstructive lung diseases. Under this model, it is postulated that a high mucin concentration produces the sputum and disease progression that are characteristic of chronic bronchitis...
September 7, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862879/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-hispanics-a-9-year-update
#16
Alejandro Díaz, Bartolomé Celli, Juan C Celedón
Hispanics are the largest minority in the U.S., now encompassing 56.6 million people. A Hispanic or Latino is an individual whose ancestry can be traced to Spain or territories previously under Spanish control. The Hispanic population in the U.S. and Latin America is very diverse for country of origin, nativity, and racial ancestry. Over the last nine years, our knowledge of COPD in Hispanics has improved, due to a better understanding of differences in COPD burden and risk factors across Hispanic subgroups, development of subgroup-specific spirometry reference equations, genetic studies, and better knowledge of barriers and needs in the diagnosis and management of COPD in the Hispanic population...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860884/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-prevalence-impact-and-management-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Dionisios Spyratos, Eleni Papadaki, Sofia Lampaki, Theodoros Kontakiotis
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer share a common etiological factor (cigarette smoking) and usually coexist in everyday clinical practice. The prevalence of COPD among newly diagnosed patients with lung cancer sometimes exceeds 50%. COPD is an independent risk factor (2-4 times higher than non-COPD subjects) for lung cancer development. The presence of emphysema in addition to other factors (e.g., smoking history, age) could be incorporated into risk scores in order to define the most appropriate target group for lung cancer screening using low-dose computed tomography...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803293/-copd-smoking-cessation-is-the-most-important-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Thomas Hering
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794621/counseling-for-health-behavior-change-in-people-with-copd-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Marie T Williams, Tanja W Effing, Catherine Paquet, Carole A Gibbs, Hayley Lewthwaite, Lok Sze Katrina Li, Anna C Phillips, Kylie N Johnston
Counseling has been suggested as a promising approach for facilitating changes in health behavior. The aim of this systematic review of counseling interventions for people with COPD was to describe: 1) counseling definitions, 2) targeted health behaviors, 3) counseling techniques and 4) whether commonalities in counseling techniques were associated with improved health behaviors. Ten databases were searched for original randomized controlled trials which included adults with COPD, used the term "counseling" as a sole or component of a multifaceted intervention and were published in the previous 10 years...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790283/-postoperative-atelectasis-and-pneumonia-after-general-thoracic-surgery
#20
Yasushi Hoshikawa, Daisuke Tochii
Atelectasis and pneumonia are common postoperative complications occurred in patients undergoing general thoracic surgery. Strategies to reduce the risk of postoperative pulmonary complications including these 2 disorders consist of smoking cessation, optimization of underlying chronic obstructive pulmonary disease( COPD), adequate pain control, intensive oral care, and so on. Preoperative treatments for patients with COPD are the same as those for COPD patients being not about to have surgery, which mainly consist of long-acting bronchodilators and pulmonary rehabilitation...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
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