keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Strawberr*

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909392/predatory-mites-double-the-economic-injury-level-of-frankliniella-occidentalis-in-strawberry
#1
Clare Sampson, William D J Kirk
The western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) causes bronzing to strawberry fruit. Management of insecticide-resistant strains relies on the integration of predators with carefully timed use of the few insecticides available. Effective management requires better understanding of economic injury levels (EILs) and the factors that affect them. The densities of F. occidentalis and the predatory mite Neoseiulus cucumeris (Oudemans) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) were manipulated in field experiments...
2016: BioControl: Journal of the International Organization for Biological Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905345/interferon-alfa-2b-in-the-management-of-recurrent-conjunctival-papillomatosis
#2
Manpreet Singh, Natasha Gautam, Adit Gupta, Manpreet Kaur
A 2-year-old boy presented with a recurrent strawberry-like reddish mass arising from the left caruncular region for 8 months. An incisional biopsy was performed elsewhere 2 months earlier, followed by an increase in size of mass, significant epiphora, and intermittent bleeding. On examination, exuberant exophytic gelatinous mass with multifocal origin was observed arising from inferior forniceal conjunctiva and caruncle. Clinical differential of multifocal conjunctival papilloma was kept, and topical interferon alfa-2b (INFα-2b) was started...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904464/effectiveness-of-different-classes-of-fungicides-on-botrytis-cinerea-causing-gray-mold-on-fruit-and-vegetables
#3
Joon-Oh Kim, Jong-Hwan Shin, Adiyantara Gumilang, Keun Chung, Ki Young Choi, Kyoung Su Kim
Botrytis cinerea is a necrotrophic pathogen causing a major problem in the export and post-harvest of strawberries. Inappropriate use of fungicides leads to resistance among fungal pathogens. Therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the sensitivity of B. cinerea to various classes of fungicide and to determine the effectiveness of different concentrations of commonly used fungicides. We thus evaluated the effectiveness of six classes of fungicide in inhibiting the growth and development of this pathogen, namely, fludioxonil, iprodione, pyrimethanil, tebuconazole, fenpyrazamine, and boscalid...
December 2016: Plant Pathology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904414/near-infrared-spectroscopic-analysis-of-total-phenolic-content-and-antioxidant-activity-of-berry-fruits
#4
Jasenka Gajdoš Kljusurić, Kiril Mihalev, Ivana Bečić, Ivana Polović, Mariya Georgieva, Senka Djaković, Želimir Kurtanjek
This study evaluates the feasibility of using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy as a rapid and environmentally friendly technique for validation and prediction of the total phenolic content (TPC) and antioxidant activity (AOA) indices (as 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, inhibition time (IT) of the Briggs-Rauscher oscillating reaction, and relative antioxidant capacity (RAC)) of berry fruit extracts. The analysed berry samples originated from Croatia (blackberries, wild blueberries, raspberries, red currants and strawberries) and Bulgaria (wild blueberries, raspberries and strawberries)...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904404/phenolic-composition-antioxidant-capacity-and-in-vitro-cytotoxicity-assessment-of-fruit-wines
#5
Ana Ljevar, Natka Ćurko, Marina Tomašević, Kristina Radošević, Višnja Gaurina Srček, Karin Kovačević Ganić
Fruit wines contain a wide range of phenolic compounds with biological effects, but their composition and potential benefits to human health have been studied to the much lesser extent compared to grape wines. The aim of this research is to study the phenolic profile of different types of fruit wines and to evaluate their antioxidant and biological potential. Commercially available fruit wines from blackberry, cherry, raspberry, blackcurrant, strawberry and apple produced in Croatia were analyzed. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the first comprehensive screening of Croatian fruit wines...
June 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902256/identification-of-three-novel-subgroups-within-the-x-disease-group-associated-with-strawberry-redness-disease
#6
Franco D Fernández, Natalia G Meneguzzi, Luis R Conci
Strawberry plants showing symptoms of lethal redness disease were found in production fields located in Tucuman Province, Argentina. The presence of phytoplasmas was confirmed by PCR of 16Sr DNA gene using phytoplasma universal primers. According to the 16S rDNA gene sequence identity, the four isolates analyzed are related to the X-disease group (16SrIII) (identity~99%). These results were confirmed by the in silico, actual RFLP and also by phylogenetic analyses of 16S rDNA gene. This new phytoplasma was named as Strawberry X-Redness (StrawXR)...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898812/a-high-density-linkage-map-of-the-ancestral-diploid-strawberry-constructed-with-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-markers-from-the-istraw90-array-and-genotyping-by-sequencing
#7
Lise L Mahoney, Daniel J Sargent, F Abebe-Akele, Dave J Wood, Judson A Ward, Nahla V Bassil, James F Hancock, Kevin M Folta, Thomas M Davis
Makino is recognized as an ancestor of the octoploid strawberry species, which includes the cultivated strawberry, × Duchesne ex Rozier. Here we report the construction of the first high-density linkage map for . The linkage map (Fii map) is based on two high-throughput techniques of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping: the IStraw90 Array (hereafter "Array"), and genotyping by sequencing (GBS). The F generation mapping population was derived by selfing hybrid F1D, the product of a cross between two divergent accessions collected from Hokkaido, Japan...
July 2016: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898285/comparative-proteomics-reveals-the-potential-targets-of-bcnoxr-a-putative-regulatory-subunit-of-nadph-oxidase-of-bortytis-cinerea
#8
Hua Li, Zhanquan Zhang, Chang He, Guozheng Qin, Shiping Tian
The NADPH oxidase complex (NOX) has been shown to play a crucial role in stress response and in the virulence of various fungal pathogens. The underlying molecular mechanisms of NOX, however, remain largely unknown. In the present study, a comparative proteomic analysis compared changes in protein abundance in wild-type Botrytis cinerea and ΔbcnoxR mutants in which the regulatory subunit of NOX was deleted. The ΔbcnoxR mutants exhibited reduced growth, sporulation, and impaired virulence. A total of 60 proteins, representing 49 individual genes, were identified in ΔbcnoxR mutants that exhibited significant differences in abundance relative to wild-type...
November 29, 2016: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895633/detection-of-sdhb-gene-mutations-in-sdhi-resistant-isolates-of-botrytis-cinerea-using-high-resolution-melting-hrm-analysis
#9
Anastasios Samaras, Panagiotis Madesis, George S Karaoglanidis
Botrytis cinerea, is a high risk pathogen for fungicide resistance development. Pathogen' resistance to SDHIs is associated with several mutations in sdh gene. The diversity of mutations and their differential effect on cross-resistance patterns among SDHIs and the fitness of resistant strains necessitate the availability of a tool for their rapid identification. This study was initiated to develop and validate a high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis for the identification of P225H/F/L//T, N230I, and H272L/R/Y mutations...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895386/addition-of-strawberries-to-the-usual-diet-increases-postprandial-but-not-fasting-non-urate-plasma-antioxidant-activity-in-healthy-subjects
#10
Anna Prymont-Przyminska, Piotr Bialasiewicz, Anna Zwolinska, Agata Sarniak, Anna Wlodarczyk, Jaroslaw Markowski, Krzysztof P Rutkowski, Dariusz Nowak
Strawberries can augment plasma antioxidant activity, but this may be confounded by selection of methods, time of blood sampling and concomitant dietary restrictions. We examined the effect of strawberry consumption on ferric reducing ability (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity (DPPH-test) of native and non-urate plasma in healthy subjects on their usual diet. Eleven subjects consumed strawberries (500 g daily) for 9 days. Fasting and 3-h postprandial plasma and 24-h urine collection were obtained before, during and after strawberry course for FRAP, DPPH-test and polyphenols determination...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891751/simultaneous-determination-of-pyrifluquinazon-and-its-main-metabolite-in-fruits-and-vegetables-by-using-quechers-hplc-ms-ms
#11
Xiangwei You, Chengcheng Sui, Yiqiang Li, Xiuguo Wang
A rapid, reliable and sensitive method is reported for the simultaneous analysis of pyrifluquinazon and its main metabolite NNI-0101-1H in fruits (strawberry and cherry) and vegetables (cucumber and tomato) using high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry. A modified quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged and safe procedure was used for the sample pre-preparation. The target analytes were extracted with acetonitrile and then cleaned up using dispersive solid phase extraction procedure with primary secondary amine...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888444/first-report-of-raoiella-indica-hirst-acari-tenuipalpide-in-southern-brazil
#12
F T Hata, J E P Silva, M U Ventura, A Pasini, S Roggia
The red palm mite (RPM), Raoiella indica (Hirst) (Acari: Tenuipalpidae), was found for the first time in the Paraná State, in southern Brazil. The first observations occurred in September 2015, on strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch) leaves, which is not considered a typical host plant of RPM. It is probable that its occurrence on this plant was serendipitous. Visual surveys for RPM were carried out on four typical host plants (banana, coconut, foxtail palm, and real palm), in five cities of the Paraná State (Bela Vista do Paraíso, Londrina, Maringá, Marialva, and Sarandi)...
November 26, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882570/ultrastructural-and-biomolecular-detection-of-rickettsiales-like-organisms-in-tissues-of-rainbow-trout-with-red-mark-syndrome
#13
M Galeotti, M Manzano, P Beraldo, C Bulfon, G Rossi, D Volpatti, G E Magi
Red mark syndrome (RMS) and US strawberry disease (US SD) are skin disorders affecting rainbow trout farmed in Europe and USA. The disease etiology has not yet been established. In spite of specific investigations, identifying Rickettsia-like organism (RLO)- and Midichloria-like organism (MLO)-related DNA in affected individuals, these pathogens have never been observed. We performed histological, ultrastructural and biomolecular analysis on skin and spleen samples of trout with RMS. Examination by TEM revealed the presence of intracytoplasmic microorganisms resembling Rickettsiales within macrophages, fibroblasts and erythrocytes...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Fish Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870772/strawberry-gingivitis-first-manifestation-of-a-vasculitic-disorder-in-a-young-child
#14
Vignesh Pandiarajan, Abdul Kk Rauf, Neeraj Kumar, Anju Gupta, Ashima Goyal, Ritambhra Nada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862816/rnai-mediated-endogene-silencing-in-strawberry-fruit-detection-of-primary-and-secondary-sirnas-by-deep-sequencing
#15
Katja Härtl, Gregor Kalinowski, Thomas Hoffmann, Anja Preuss, Wilfried Schwab
RNA interference (RNAi) has been exploited as a reverse genetics tool for functional genomics in the non-model species strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) since 2006. Here, we analyzed for the first time different but overlapping nucleotide sections (> 200 nt) of two endogenous genes, FaCHS (chalcone synthase) and FaOMT (O-methyltransferase), as inducer sequences and a transitive vector system to compare their gene silencing efficiencies. In total, ten vectors were assembled each containing the nucleotide sequence of one fragment in sense and corresponding antisense orientation separated by an intron (inverted hairpin construct, ihp)...
November 18, 2016: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856652/evolution-of-rosaceae-fruit-types-based-on-nuclear-phylogeny-in-the-context-of-geological-times-and-genome-duplication
#16
Yezi Xiang, Chien-Hsun Huang, Yi Hu, Jun Wen, Shisheng Li, Tingshuang Yi, Hongyi Chen, Jun Xiang, Hong Ma
Fruits are the defining feature of angiosperms, likely have contributed to angiosperm successes by protecting and dispersing seeds, and provide foods to humans and other animals, with many morphological types and important ecological and agricultural implications. Rosaceae is a family with ~3000 species and an extraordinary spectrum of distinct fruits, including fleshy peach, apple, and strawberry prized by their consumers, as well as dry achenetum and follicetum with features facilitating seed dispersal, excellent for studying fruit evolution...
November 17, 2016: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842844/rheological-and-chemical-properties-of-pectin-enriched-fractions-from-different-sources-extracted-with-citric-acid
#17
Joanna Mierczyńska, Justyna Cybulska, Artur Zdunek
Yield, properties and functionality of pectins depend on the source material and method of extraction. The objective of this work was to compare pectinolytic enzyme activity in fresh pulp as well as the physicochemical and rheological properties of polysaccharides extracted with citric acid from six new potential sources: fruit materials - peach, blackcurrant, raspberry, strawberry, plum and a vegetable Source: carrot. The uronic acid content of polysaccharides extracted in citric acid depended on pectinolytic enzymes activity in fresh plant tissues and ranged between 16...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834715/finished-genome-sequences-of-xanthomonas-fragariae-the-cause-of-bacterial-angular-leaf-spot-of-strawberry
#18
Peter M Henry, Johan H J Leveau
Xanthomonas fragariae is a foliar pathogen of strawberry that is of significant concern to nursery production of strawberry transplants and field production of strawberry fruit. Long-read sequencing was employed to generate finished genomes for two isolates (each with one chromosome and two plasmids) from symptomatic plants in northern California.
November 10, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833628/correlation-between-strawberry-fragaria-ananassa-duch-productivity-and-photosynthesis-related-parameters-under-various-growth-conditions
#19
Hyo G Choi, Byoung Y Moon, Nam J Kang
In the present study, we investigated changes in chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthetic parameters and fruit yields, as well as fruit phytochemical accumulation of strawberry (Fragaria ananassa Duch.) that had been cultivated in a greenhouse under different combinations of light intensity and temperature. In plants grown with low light (LL) photosystem II chlorophyll fluorescence was found to increase as compared with those grown under high light (HL). When strawberry plants were grown with temperature higher than 5°C in addition to LL, they showed decrease in non-photochemical quenching (NPQ), photochemical quenching (qP), as well as chlorophyll fluorescence decrease ratio (RFd) when compared with other combinations of light and temperature...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831529/enzymatic-and-phytochemical-stabilization-of-orange-strawberry-banana-beverages-by-high-hydrostatic-pressure-and-mild-heat
#20
Zamantha Escobedo-Avellaneda, Izaskun Pérez-Simón, María Lavilla-Martín, Ana Baranda-González, Jorge Welti-Chanes
A new approach to the use of high hydrostatic pressure is its combination with high and intermediate temperatures applied to obtain safe foods of high quality. The effect of high hydrostatic pressure on color, residual polyphenol oxidase and pectin methylesterase activity, and total phenolic and l-ascorbic acid contents of orange-strawberry-banana beverages was evaluated. Beverages were treated at 500 and 600 MPa at 19-64 ℃ during 2-10 min. The effect of the come up time was also evaluated and results were compared with the untreated and the thermally processed (80 ℃/7 min) products...
November 9, 2016: Food Science and Technology International, Ciencia y Tecnología de Los Alimentos Internacional
keyword
keyword
96882
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"