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spinal cord injury AND children

C Calhoun Thielen, C Sadowsky, L C Vogel, H Taylor, L Davidson, J Bultman, J Gaughan, M J Mulcahey
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed methods were used in this study. The appropriateness of the levels of the Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury II (WISCI-II) for application in children was critically reviewed by physical therapists using the Modified Delphi Technique, and the inter- and intra-rater reliability of the WISCI-II in children was evaluated. OBJECTIVES: To examine the construct validity, and to establish reliability of the WISCI-II related to its use in children with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
October 18, 2016: Spinal Cord
Lynn Babcock, Cody S Olsen, David M Jaffe, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to ascertain potential factors associated with cervical spine injuries in children injured during sports and recreational activities. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter retrospective case-control study involving children younger than 16 years who presented to emergency departments after blunt trauma and underwent cervical spine radiography. Cases had cervical spine injury from sports or recreational activities (n = 179)...
September 30, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Caroline Voiry, Kathleen Charvier, Frédérique Courtois, Pascal Giraux, Corinne Berthelot-Del Aguila, Gille Rode
OBJECTIVE: Most French people think that disabled people do not have any sexual life in terms of pleasure and reproduction. Or sex contributes to a great part of each individual's well-being and health. In our study, we determined the reproductive sexuality of men with an exclusively traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) treated at the Henry-Gabrielle Hospital in Saint-Genis-Laval from January 2000 to December 2010, who benefited, or not, from a sexological assessment. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is an observational and retrospective study on the number of births in a cohort of 320 men with SCI, aged from 18 to 45 years at the time of their accident and who have an exclusively traumatic SCI without any evolution...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Perrine Séguin, Kathleen Charvier, Frédérique Courtois, Corinne Del Aguila, Bruno Fernandez, Gilles Rode, Jacqueline Lornage, Alain Ruffion, Sandrine Giscard d'Estaing
OBJECTIVE: Sperm cryopreservation can be offered to men with spinal cord injury, as only 10% of spinal cord injured men (SCI) can have a child without assistive reproductive technologies (ART). Very few studies are dedicated to the outcomes of these cryopreservations. Our study aims to analyze the outcomes of these cryopreservation, namely their use or not for an ART, and to evaluate the success rate in case of ART. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In May 2015, we retrospectively identified all people with stable spinal cord injury sent to the CECOS (Centre d'études de la conservation des œufs et du sperme: Egg, Sperm Embryo banking) by the department of neuroperineology based in the hospital Henry Gabrielle, for the first time between 1st January 2009 and 31st December 2013, to undergo a sperm cryopreservation of spermatozoa...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Ümüt Güzelküçük, Yasin Demir, Koray Aydemir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
C B Murray, K Zebracki, K M Chlan, A C Moss, L C Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to determine medical and psychological correlates of pain in individuals with pediatric-onset spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Shriners Hospitals for Children-Chicago, Philadelphia and Northern California (USA). METHODS: A total of 187 adults who had sustained an injury before 19 years of age completed interviews that included medical information, standardized measures of psychological functioning (Beck Anxiety Inventory and Patient Health Questionnaire) and a comprehensive pain questionnaire to assess the location, frequency, intensity and duration of pain and distress and disability related to pain...
September 27, 2016: Spinal Cord
Julio J Jauregui, Dean C Perfetti, Frank S Cautela, David B Frumberg, Qais Naziri, Carl B Paulino
BACKGROUND: Although rare, spinal injuries associated with abuse can have potentially devastating implications in the pediatric population. We analyzed the association of pediatric spine injury in abused children and determined the anatomic level of the spine affected, while also focusing on patient demographics, length of stay, and total hospital charges compared with spine patients without a diagnosis of abuse. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Kids' Inpatient Database was conducted from 2000 to 2012 to identify pediatric patients (below 18 y) who sustained vertebral column fractures or spinal cord injuries...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
M Alizadeh, A Intintolo, D M Middleton, C J Conklin, S H Faro, M J Mulcahey, F B Mohamed
STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative study. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of pediatric spinal cord diffusion tensor tractography (DTT) generated from reduced field of view diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data and investigate whether there are differences in these values between typically developing (TD) subjects and patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Temple University Hospital and Shriners Hospitals for Children-Philadelphia, USA...
August 16, 2016: Spinal Cord
Y-J Wang, H-J Zhou, P-J Liu, G-L Liu, Y Zheng, B Wei, C-X Hao, Y Zhang, H-Q Kang, X-L Lu, Y Yuan
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVES: To describe the nutritional risk/status of Chinese children with spinal cord injury (SCI) at admission and determine the relationship between nutritional risk/status and demography/SCI characteristics. SETTING: China Rehabilitation Research Center, Beijing, China. METHODS: Baseline clinical data, appetite level, anthropometric measurements and Screening Tool for the Assessment of Malnutrition in Pediatrics (STAMP) scores were obtained for pediatric SCI patients...
August 9, 2016: Spinal Cord
Ryan Eid, Ashok Raj, Darren Farber, Vinay Puri, Salvatore Bertolone
Spinal cord infarction (SCI) is extremely rare in children, and only 2 other reports have described the occurrence of SCI in patients with hemoglobin SC disease (HbSC). Amusement park accidents are serious injuries. Patients with preexisting conditions, such as hypertension, cardiac disease, and recent back or neck injuries, may be at an increased risk. We report the case of a 12-year-old girl with HbSC with a past history of only 2 admissions for pain crises, who presented to the emergency department with symptoms of SCI after riding a roller coaster...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Elizabeth M Ardolino, Mary Jane Mulcahey, Shelley Trimble, Laura Argetsinger, Marci Bienkowski, Courtney Mullen, Andrea L Behrman
PURPOSE: The Neuromuscular Recovery Scale (NRS) was developed to assess the capacity of adults' post-spinal cord injury (SCI) to perform functional tasks without compensation. Application of the NRS to children has been challenging. The purpose of this study was to develop and complete the initial validation of a pediatric version of the NRS. METHODS: First, the investigative team developed a draft Pediatric NRS. Next, a Delphi method was used to amend the draft by 12 pediatric experts...
July 14, 2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Mark S Nash, Jochen Kressler
Problems posed by obesity-related endocrine diseases embody a national health crisis. Caloric excess and sedentary lifestyle from which they develop also pose significant challenges for rehabilitation providers. Almost two thirds of the U.S. population are currently overweight or obese, a number that has increased by >10% within the last decade and is expected to grow. An overweight body habitus is strongly associated with clinical hazards, including cardiometabolic syndrome, diabetes hypertension, and coronary artery disease...
September 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
M Morrison, E H Kelly, H F Russell, L C Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: Mixed-method study. OBJECTIVES: Describe caregiver perspectives on the rewards of parenting youth with spinal cord injury (SCI) and explore the relationships between rewards and child/caregiver demographic characteristics and child psychosocial outcomes. SETTING: Data collection occurred at three pediatric specialty hospitals within a single hospital system in the United States. METHODS: Self-identified primary caregivers (n=178) of children aged 1-18 years answered the question: 'What has been most rewarding in parenting a child with SCI'? and completed a questionnaire about their child's health-related quality of life (HRQOL)...
June 21, 2016: Spinal Cord
Kunal R Bansal, Ajay S Chandanwale
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord injury in children frequently occurs without fracture or dislocation. SCIWORA is a syndrome occurring when the spinal cord sustains neural damage during a traumatic event without positive radiographic findings. The incidence of SCIWORA was found to be 8% to 32% in various studies with very few cases documented in children below the age of 1 year. We report such a case of spinal cord injury without radiological abnormality in an 8 months old female child. CASE REPORT: An 8 months old female child was brought to the emergency room after a history of fall from the bed four days back...
January 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
C Auger, E Schapiro, H Galmiche, C Denis
INTRODUCTION: In France, children with neuromuscular diseases and patients with traumatic spinal cord injuries receive reimbursement for home use of intermittent positive-pressure breathing and mechanical in-exsufflators devices. The aim of the study was to update the indications for reimbursement for these both devices. METHODS: A literature review was conducted with several bibliographic databases using the main keywords: intermittent positive-pressure breathing, mechanical insufflation, mechanically-assisted cough, airway clearance...
June 3, 2016: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
Christopher Kim, Michael Vassilyadi, Jason K Forbes, Nicholas W P Moroz, Alexandra Camacho, Paul J Moroz
BACKGROUND: With a reported incidence of up to 10% compared to all spinal trauma, spinal injuries in children are less common than in adults. Children can have spine fractures with or without myelopathy, or spinal cord injuries without radiological abnormalities (SCIWORA). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the cases of children with spinal injuries treated at a level 1 pediatric trauma centre between 1990 and 2013. RESULTS: A total of 275 children were treated during the study period...
June 2016: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
Jeffrey Knox
PURPOSE: To characterize the epidemiology and costs associated with spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) based on patient age. METHODS: An analysis of data complied for 2012 in the Healthcare Utilization Project KID database (HCUP-KID), which represents a nationwide database of pediatric admissions, was performed. An initial search identified all children diagnosed with SCIWORA based on International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition (ICD-9) codes...
June 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
Juliette Hascoet, Andrea Manunta, Charlène Brochard, Alexis Arnaud, Mireille Damphousse, Hélène Menard, Jacques Kerdraon, Hubert Journel, Isabelle Bonan, Sylvie Odent, Benjamin Fremond, Laurent Siproudhis, Xavier Gamé, Benoit Peyronnet
CONTEXT: Bladder management in spina bifida patients relies on clean intermittent catheterization and oral antimuscarinics with a significant failure rate. The efficacy of intradetrusor injections of botulinum toxin has been confirmed in patients with spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis but not in patients with myelomeningocele. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of current evidence regarding the efficacy of intra-detrusor injections of Botulinum Toxin A (BTX-A) in spina bifida patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) refractory to antimuscarinics...
May 17, 2016: Neurourology and Urodynamics
M J Mulcahey, M D Slavin, P Ni, L C Vogel, C C Thielen, W J Coster, A M Jette
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center cross-sectional cohort study. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to develop and validate short forms (SFs) of participation for child- and parent-reported outcomes following spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Three pediatric orthopedic hospitals in the United States. METHODS: The expert panel used calibration data from the pediatric computerized adaptive test (CAT) development study (convenience sample of 381 children and adolescents with SCI and 322 parents or caregivers) to select SF items...
May 17, 2016: Spinal Cord
Hao Zeng, Xiongjie Shen, Chengke Luo, Zhengquan Xu, Yupeng Zhang, Zheng Liu, Xiyang Wang, Yong Cao
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence to guide treatment for pediatric cervical spinal tuberculosis with kyphosis (PCSTK). This study retrospectively evaluates the safety, feasibility and efficacy of 360-degree arthrodesis combined with anterior debridement and decompression for treating PCSTK, while simultaneously emphasizing the role of posterior fixation for the correction and maintenance of the kyphosis angle. METHODS: From May 2006 to December 2012, a total of 12 children with PCSTK underwent 360-degree cervical spinal arthrodesis followed by debridement of focus and decompression of the spinal cord...
2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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