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post cardiac arrest syndrome

Jiri Parenica, Jiri Jarkovsky, Jan Malaska, Alexandre Mebazaa, Jana Gottwaldova, Katerina Helanova, Jiri Litzman, Milan Dastych, Josef Tomandl, Jindrich Spinar, Ludmila Dostalova, Petr Lokaj, Marie Tomandlova, Monika Goldergova Pavkova, Pavel Sevcik, Matthieu Legrand
INTRODUCTION: Cardiogenic shock (CS) patients are at a high risk of developing infectious complications; however, their early detection is difficult, mainly due to a frequently occurring non-infectious inflammatory response, which accompanies an extensive myocardial infarction or a post-cardiac arrest syndrome. The goal of our prospective study was to describe infectious complications in CS and the immune/inflammatory response based on a serial measurement of several blood-based inflammatory biomarkers...
September 29, 2016: Shock
Yanushi D Wijeyeratne, Elijah R Behr
Approximately 4% of sudden cardiac deaths are unexplained [the sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (SADS)], and up to 6-10% of survivors of cardiac arrest do not have an identifiable cardiac abnormality after comprehensive clinical evaluation [idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF)]. Genetic testing may be able to play a role in diagnostics and can be targeted to an underlying phenotype present in family members following clinical evaluation. Alternatively, post-mortem genetic testing (the "molecular autopsy") may diagnose the underlying cause if a clearly pathogenic rare variant is found...
August 31, 2016: Trends in Cardiovascular Medicine
Takeshi Wada, Satoshi Gando, Yuichi Ono, Kunihiko Maekawa, Kenichi Katabami, Mineji Hayakawa, Atsushi Sawamura
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) during the early phase of post-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and affects the outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. METHODS: A review of the computer-based medical records of OHCA patients was retrospectively conducted and included 388 patients who were divided into DIC and non-DIC patients based on the Japanese Association for Acute Medicine DIC diagnostic criteria...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Kurt D Piggott, Grace George, Harun Fakioglu, Carlos Blanco, Sukumar Saguna Narasimhulu, Kamal Pourmoghadam, Hamish Munroe, William Decampli
AIM: To investigate and describe our current institutional management protocol for single-ventricle patients who must undergo a Ladd's procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients from January 2005 to March 2014 who were diagnosed with heterotaxy syndrome and an associated intestinal rotation anomaly who carried a cardiac diagnosis of functional single ventricle and were status post stage I palliation. A total of 8 patients with a history of stage I single-ventricle palliation underwent Ladd's procedure during this time period...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Scott T Youngquist, Atman P Shah, John P Rosborough, James T Niemann
Most resuscitated victims of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who survive to hospital expire due to the postresuscitation syndrome. This syndrome is characterized by a sepsis-like proinflammatory state. The objective of this investigation was to determine whether a relationship exists between the rise of tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a proinflammatory cytokine, following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and early postarrest survival in a clinically relevant animal model of spontaneous ventricular fibrillation (VF)...
October 2016: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
John Bro-Jeppesen, Pär I Johansson, Christian Hassager, Michael Wanscher, Sisse R Ostrowski, Mette Bjerre, Jesper Kjaergaard
BACKGROUND: Post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS) is characterized by whole-body ischemia triggering systemic inflammation and damage of the endothelium. This study investigated the relationship between systemic inflammation, endothelial damage and severity of PCAS and the association between endothelial damage and outcome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: In this post hoc study, we analyzed 163 comatose patients included at a single center in the target temperature management (TTM) trial, randomly assigned to TTM at 33°C or 36°C for 24h...
October 2016: Resuscitation
Giuseppe Ristagno, Serge Masson, Marjaana Tiainen, Stepani Bendel, Roberto Bernasconi, Tero Varpula, Valentina Milani, Jukka Vaahersalo, Michela Magnoli, Eberhard Spanuth, Simona Barlera, Roberto Latini, Sanna Hoppu, Ville Pettilä, Markus B Skrifvars
BACKGROUND: An intense systemic inflammatory response is observed following reperfusion after cardiac arrest. Heparin-binding protein (HBP) is a granule protein released by neutrophils that intervenes in endothelial permeability regulation. In the present study, we investigated plasma levels of HBP in a large population of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We hypothesized that high circulating levels of HBP are associated with severity of post-cardiac arrest syndrome and poor outcome...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Sonoko Misawa, Yasunori Sato, Kanako Katayama, Kengo Nagashima, Reiko Aoyagi, Yukari Sekiguchi, Gen Sobue, Haruki Koike, Ichiro Yabe, Hidenao Sasaki, Osamu Watanabe, Hiroshi Takashima, Masatoyo Nishizawa, Izumi Kawachi, Susumu Kusunoki, Yoshiyuki Mitsui, Seiji Kikuchi, Ichiro Nakashima, Shu-Ichi Ikeda, Nobuo Kohara, Takashi Kanda, Jun-Ichi Kira, Hideki Hanaoka, Satoshi Kuwabara
BACKGROUND: Polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, M-protein, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome is a rare cause of demyelinating neuropathy, with multi-organ involvement characterised by plasma cell dyscrasia and VEGF overproduction. No treatments have been established for patients with POEMS syndrome who are not eligible for stem-cell transplantation. Thalidomide suppresses VEGF and plasma cell proliferation. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of thalidomide for the treatment of POEMS syndrome...
October 2016: Lancet Neurology
Anna Sina P Meyer, Sisse R Ostrowski, Jesper Kjaergaard, Pär I Johansson, Christian Hassager
BACKGROUND: Morbidity and mortality following initial survival of cardiac arrest remain high despite great efforts to improve resuscitation techniques and post-resuscitation care, in part due to the ischemia-reperfusion injury secondary to the restoration of the blood circulation. Patients resuscitated from cardiac arrest display evidence of endothelial injury and coagulopathy (hypocoagulability, hyperfibrinolysis), which in associated with poor outcome. Recent randomized controlled trials have revealed that treatment with infusion of prostacyclin reduces endothelial damage after major surgery and AMI...
2016: Trials
Daniel Brevoord, Charlotte J P Beurskens, Walter M van den Bergh, Wim K Lagrand, Nicole P Juffermans, Jan M Binnekade, Benedikt Preckel, Janneke Horn
AIM: Besides supportive care, the only recommended treatment for comatose patients after cardiac arrest is target temperature management. Helium reduces ischaemic injury in animal models, and might ameliorate neurological injury in patients after cardiac arrest. As no studies exist on the use of helium in patients after cardiac arrest we investigated whether this is safe and feasible. METHODS: The study was an open-label single arm intervention study in a mixed-bed academic intensive care unit...
October 2016: Resuscitation
Sung Phil Chung, Ho Young Yune, Yoo Seok Park, Je Sung You, Jung Hwa Hong, Taeyoung Kong, Jong Woo Park, Hyun Soo Chung, Incheol Park
BACKGROUND: Whole-body ischemia followed by reperfusion during cardiac arrest and after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) triggers systemic sterile inflammatory responses, inducing a sepsis-like state during post-cardiac arrest syndrome. Activated platelets are enlarged and contain vasoactive and prothrombic factors that aggravate systemic inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether mean platelet volume (MPV) has the usefulness as a marker for early mortality and neurological outcomes in patients who achieve ROSC after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)...
July 20, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Anne-Sophie Ducloy-Bouthors, Max Gonzalez-Estevez, Benjamin Constans, Alexandre Turbelin, Catherine Barre-Drouard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Tomoyoshi Tamura, Kei Hayashida, Motoaki Sano, Masaru Suzuki, Takayuki Shibusawa, Joe Yoshizawa, Yosuke Kobayashi, Takeshi Suzuki, Shigeo Ohta, Hiroshi Morisaki, Keiichi Fukuda, Shingo Hori
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen gas inhalation (HI) ameliorates cerebral and cardiac dysfunction in animal models of post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). HI for human patients with PCAS has never been studied. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2014 and January 2015, 21 of 107 patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest achieved spontaneous return of circulation. After excluding 16 patients with specific criteria, 5 patients underwent HI together with target temperature management (TTM)...
July 25, 2016: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Annals of Intensive Care
Alexander Asmussen, Katrin Fink, Hans-Jörg Busch, Thomas Helbing, Natascha Bourgeois, Christoph Bode, Sebastian Grundmann
BACKGROUND: Whole body ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) induces a generalized inflammatory response which contributes to the development of post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). Recently, pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), such as toll-like receptors (TLRs) and inflammasomes, have been shown to mediate the inflammatory response in IRI. In this study we investigated monocyte PRR signaling and function in PCAS. METHODS: Blood samples were drawn in the first 12 hours, and at 24 and 48 hours following return of spontaneous circulation in 51 survivors after cardiac arrest...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Taku Omura, Shigeki Kushimoto, Satoshi Yamanouchi, Daisuke Kudo, Noriko Miyagawa
BACKGROUND: Alarmins, including high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB-1), can be released from damaged tissues and activated cells as inflammatory mediators. We aimed to evaluate HMGB-1 and mitochondrial DNA dynamics and estimate the prognostic value for neurological outcome in patients with post-cardiac arrest syndrome after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: We evaluated the dynamics of HMGB-1, mitochondrial DNA, and other variables in patients with return of spontaneous circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest...
2016: Journal of Intensive Care
Michaël Sage, Mathieu Nadeau, Matthias Kohlhauer, Jean-Paul Praud, Renaud Tissier, Raymond Robert, Hervé Walti, Philippe Micheau
Ultra-fast cooling for mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) has several potential applications, including prevention of post-cardiac arrest syndrome. Ultra-fast MTH by total liquid ventilation (TLV) entails the sudden filling of the lungs with a cold perfluorocarbon liquid and its subsequent use to perform TLV. The present physiological study was aimed at assessing whether pulmonary and systemic hemodynamics as well as lung mechanics are significantly altered during this procedure. Pulmonary and systemic arterial pressures, cardiac output as well as airway resistance and respiratory system compliance were measured during ultra-fast MTH by TLV followed by rewarming and normothermia in six healthy juvenile lambs...
August 2016: Cryobiology
Atsushi Sakurai, Kosaku Kinoshita, Tomohide Komatsu, Junko Yamaguchi, Atsunori Sugita, Shingo Ihara
Outcome for patients experiencing out-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) due to respiratory causes is poor, even with treatment by therapeutic hypothermia (TH). The purpose of this study is to clarify difference in outcome and respiratory state during resuscitation between cases due to respiratory causes versus those due to cardiac causes, to establish alternative strategies for the patient. This study was conducted as a retrospective analysis of patients with post CA syndrome who underwent TH. Patients were divided into two groups according to cause of CA: cardiac (C group) or respiratory (R group)...
August 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
Vlad V Simianu, Jonathan G Sham, Andrew S Wright, Skye D Stewart, Mouhamad Alloosh, Michael Sturek, David E Cummings, David R Flum
BACKGROUND: The impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on type 2 diabetes mellitus is thought to result from upper and/or lower gut hormone alterations. Evidence supporting these mechanisms is incomplete, in part because of limitations in relevant bariatric-surgery animal models, specifically the lack of naturally insulin-resistant large animals. With overfeeding, Ossabaw swine develop a robust metabolic syndrome, and may be suitable for studying post-surgical physiology. Whether bariatric surgery is feasible in these animals with acceptable survival is unknown...
August 2015: Surgical Science
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