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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228351/defensive-behaviors-of-the-new-mealybug-citrus-pest-delottococcus-aberiae-hemiptera-pseudococcidae-against-three-generalist-parasitoids
#1
Alejandro Tena, Eliana Nieves, Julieta Herrero, Alberto Urbaneja
Delottococcus aberiae De Lotto (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is an invasive mealybug that has become a citrus pest in Europe. This mealybug species causes serious damage because it deforms the fruits. Here, we studied the defensive behavior of D. aberiae when it was attacked by three parasitoid species: Acerophagus angustifrons (Gahan), Anagyrus sp. near pseudoccoci (Girault), and Leptomastix algirica Trjapitzin (Hymenoptera: Encyrtidae). Anagyrus sp. near pseudoccoci and L. algirica detected and accepted nymphs and adult females of D...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227776/the-specialty-and-naughty-nice-tendency-audit-santa-which-medical-specialists-can-be-trusted-to-follow-recipes
#2
Shian Miller, Tamara C Johnson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of medical specialty on the likelihood of doctors making the Naughty or Nice lists this Christmas. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A quantitative observational study. Doctors in a medical parent Facebook group were asked about their specialty and their tendency to follow recipes. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported tendency to follow the recipe (always, sometimes, never) as an indicator of rule-breaking behaviour, extrapolated as indicating Naughty (unlikely to follow a recipe) or Nice (always follow recipes) tendencies, and consequently the likelihood of being included in the Nice list this Christmas...
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227406/unexpected-blooming-artifact-in-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Akilesh Ramasamy, Balasubramanian Madhan, Balasubramanian Krishnan
Unexpected foreign bodies are occasionally discovered during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These are often present unknown to the patient, missed during routine pre-MRI screening and result in unnecessary delay during MRI. The authors present a patient with traumatically embedded foreign body in the scalp that escaped pre-MRI screening and caused susceptibility artifacts during brain MRI. The object was surgically removed to allow the imaging to be completed. Patients with suspicion or history of facial trauma or with dental restorations are referred to concerned specialists for compatibility of hardware, restorations and for assessing risks during MRI due to these...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226824/mdixon-based-texture-analysis-of-an-intraosseous-lipoma-a-case-report-and-current-review-for-the-dental-clinician
#4
Kyung Mi Lee, Hyug-Gi Kim, Yeon-Hee Lee, Eui Jong Kim
An intraosseous lipoma is a rare histologic variant of lipoma, accounting for only 0.1% of all primary bone tumors. This may not be the actual incidence because most of these lesions are frequently asymptomatic, but imaging modalities, such as computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) seem to have increased the detection rate. Lipoma occasionally undergoes osseous metaplasia and becomes an osseous lipoma. Although there are numerous papers discussing intraosseous lipoma and some authors have tried to differentiate lipomas from osseous lipomas, there is still a great deal of confusion with regard to characteristic radiologic features and the use of terms...
December 6, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225766/on-the-discovery-of-monocular-rivalry-by-tscherning-in-1898-translation-and-review
#5
Robert P O'Shea, Urte Roeber, Nicholas J Wade
Monocular rivalry was named by Breese in 1899. He made prolonged observation of superimposed orthogonal gratings; they fluctuated in clarity with either one or the other grating occasionally being visible alone. A year earlier, Tscherning observed similar fluctuations with a grid of vertical and horizontal lines and with other stimuli; we draw attention to his prior account. Monocular rivalry has since been shown to occur with a wide variety of superimposed patterns with several independent rediscoveries of it...
November 2017: I-Perception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225609/efficiency-of-trichome-based-plant-defense-in-phaseolus-vulgaris-depends-on-insect-behavior-plant-ontogeny-and-structure
#6
Zhenlong Xing, Yongqiang Liu, Wanzhi Cai, Xinzheng Huang, Shengyong Wu, Zhongren Lei
Plant trichomes often function as physical barriers in preventing arthropod feeding and oviposition. Even though insects are frequently reported being entrapped and killed by trichome traps, the actual trapping behavior has not yet been described in detail. Capture experiments showed that capture efficiency during the plant's vegetative stage was considerably higher than in the fruiting and cotyledon stages. The ventral surface of the leaf was more effective in trapping flies than other parts of the plant. Capture-events monitoring showed that the mouthparts, legs, and ovipositor of Liriomyza trifolii adults are the body parts involved in entrapment by surface trichomes on Phaseolus vulgaris plants, and subsequently, deter their ability to feed, walk, and oviposit...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224815/definitive-chemo-radiotherapy-is-a-curative-alternative-for-standard-of-care-in-advanced-stage-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity
#7
Joris B W Elbers, Abrahim Al-Mamgani, Danique Paping, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Katarzyna Jóźwiak, J P de Boer, Baris Karakullukcu, Marcel Verheij, Charlotte L Zuur
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcome after definitive (chemo)radiotherapy (CRT group) with standard of care (surgery group) for advanced stage oral cavity carcinoma (OCC). Although definitive (chemo)radiotherapy is assumed to be inferior to surgery with regard to disease control, data on outcome of this approach are scarce. METHODS: Retrospective analysis by chart review (2000-2013). Endpoints were locoregional control (LRC), disease-free survival (DFS), disease specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS)...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224807/construction-of-mass-spectra-database-and-diagnosis-algorithm-for-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Kei Ashizawa, Kentaro Yoshimura, Hisashi Johno, Tomohiro Inoue, Ryohei Katoh, Satoshi Funayama, Kaname Sakamoto, Sen Takeda, Keisuke Masuyama, Tomokazu Matsuoka, Hiroki Ishii
OBJECTIVES: Intraoperative identification of tumor margins is essential to achieving complete tumor resection. However, the process of intraoperative pathological diagnosis involves cumbersome procedures, such as preparation of cryosections and microscopic examination, thus requiring more than 30 min. Moreover, intraoperative diagnoses made by examining cryosections are occasionally inconsistent with postoperative diagnoses made by examining paraffin-embedded sections because the former are of poorer quality...
December 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224175/thalamic-interactions-of-cerebellum-and-basal-ganglia
#9
REVIEW
Andreas Hintzen, Esther Annegret Pelzer, Marc Tittgemeyer
Cerebellum and basal ganglia are reciprocally interconnected with the neocortex via oligosynaptic loops. The signal pathways of these loops predominantly converge in motor areas of the frontal cortex and are mainly segregated on subcortical level. Recent evidence, however, indicates subcortical interaction of these systems. We have reviewed literature that addresses the question whether, and to what extent, projections of main output nuclei of basal ganglia (reticular part of the substantia nigra, internal segment of the globus pallidus) and cerebellum (deep cerebellar nuclei) interact with each other in the thalamus...
December 9, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223515/-patients-assaulted-in-psychiatric-institutions-literature-review-and-clinical-implications
#10
A Ladois-Do Pilar Rei, S Chraïbi
BACKGROUND: The psychiatric ward is a place where all forms of violence are treated. Occasionally, this violence involves acts of aggression between patients in emergency psychiatric units or hospital wards. Such events can lead to the development or worsening of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To establish the context, we first examined the epidemiology data concerning posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatric patients who were frequently exposed to assaults...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222684/how-much-do-plastic-surgeons-add-to-the-closure-of-myelomeningoceles
#11
Rhian Bevan, Nicholas Wilson-Jones, Imran Bhatti, Chirag Patel, Paul Leach
PURPOSE: This study reviews the outcomes of children undergoing myelomeningocele (MMC) repair in the paediatric neurosurgical department in Cardiff. These procedures are historically performed by paediatric neurosurgeons with occasional support from plastic surgeons for the larger lesions. We reviewed the postoperative outcomes over a 9-year period to assess the efficacy of having a plastic surgeon present at all MMC closures. METHODS: Analysis of a prospectively collected database of all MMC closures performed at University Hospital Wales from April 2009 to August 2017 was used...
December 8, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222489/specific-binding-of-a-polymer-chain-to-a-sequence-of-surface-receptors
#12
Samuel Bell, Eugene M Terentjev
This paper considers a biologically relevant question of a Gaussian chain (such as an unfolded protein) binding to a sequence of receptors with matching multiple ligands distributed along the chain. Using the characteristic time for a tethered ligand to bind to a surface receptor, we study the case of multiple binding to a linear sequence of receptors on the surface. The tethered binding time is determined by the entropic barrier for the chain to be stretched sufficiently to reach the distant receptor target, and a restriction on chain conformations near the substrate...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222267/new-therapeutic-targets-in-transfusion-dependent-and-independent-thalassemia
#13
REVIEW
M Domenica Cappellini, Irene Motta
β-Thalassemias are characterized by reduced production of β-globin chain, resulting in α/β-chain unbalance and precipitation of α-globin-heme complexes and determining ineffective erythropoiesis. Ineffective erythropoiesis, chronic hemolytic anemia, and compensatory hematopoietic expansion are the disease hallmarks, and they are related to the severity of the chain unbalance. Several clinical forms of β-thalassemia, including the coinheritance of β-thalassemia with hemoglobin E resulting in hemoglobin E/β-thalassemia, have been described...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221959/robotically-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-reasons-for-partial-manual-assistance-or-manual-conversion
#14
Jonathan Harrison, Lawrence Ang, Jesse Naghi, Omid Behnamfar, Ali Pourdjabbar, Mitul P Patel, Ryan R Reeves, Ehtisham Mahmud
BACKGROUND: Robotically-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (R-PCI) is feasible for simple coronary lesions. OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and reasons for partial manual assistance or manual conversion during R-PCI in clinical practice. METHODS: The CorPath 200 System (Corindus, Waltham, MA) enables the operator to sit in a radiation-shielded cockpit and remotely control intracoronary devices including guidewires, balloons, and stents...
November 9, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221655/impact-of-interleukin-6-and-interleukin-10-serum-levels-and-mrna-expression-level-on-polytrauma-patients
#15
Heber B Sapan, Idrus Paturusi, Andi Asadul Islam, Irawan Yusuf, Ilhamjaya Patellongi, Muhammmad Nasrum Massi, Aryono D Pusponegoro, Syafrie K Arief, Ibrahim Labeda, Leo Rendy, Mochammad Hatta
INTRODUCTION: Host response to polytrauma occasionally has unpredictable outcomes. Immune response is a major factor influencing patient's outcome. This study evaluated the interaction of two main cytokines in immune response after major trauma, specifically interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in which their serum level comes from the mRNA expression of these cytokine genes and outcome of polytrauma patients. METHODS: This prospective multicenter trial held at four trauma centers enrolled 54 polytrauma patients [Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 16]...
November 4, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221282/induction-chemoradiotherapy-using-docetaxel-and-cisplatin-with-definitive-dose-radiation-followed-by-surgery-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Hidejiro Torigoe, Junichi Soh, Shuta Tomida, Kei Namba, Hiroki Sato, Kuniaki Katsui, Katsuyuki Hotta, Kazuhiko Shien, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Masaomi Yamane, Susumu Kanazawa, Katsuyuki Kiura, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Shinichi Toyooka
Background: Induction chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery is a therapeutic option for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC). Typically, around 40-50 Gy of radiation is applied as the induction-dose; however, a definitive-dose (DD) of radiation (60 Gy or higher) is occasionally applied to increase local control. We investigated the impact of induction CRT with DD radiation in LA-NSCLC patients treated with a single regimen of docetaxel and cisplatin. Methods: We reviewed 110 patients with LA-NSCLC who underwent induction CRT followed by surgery using a single regimen (docetaxel and cisplatin) between January 1999 and December 2014 at our hospital...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221086/ultrasensitive-terahertz-sensing-of-gold-nanoparticles-inside-nano-slot-antennas
#17
Yong-Sang Ryu, Dong-Kyu Lee, Ji-Hun Kang, Sang-Hun Lee, Eui-Sang Yu, Minah Seo
We introduce a robust control method of terahertz (THz) transmission by tuning filling factors of Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) inside nano slot antennas. AuNPs in sub-100 nm diameters were spread over the nano slot antennas, followed by sweeping them into the slots. AuNPs can be efficiently localized and inserted into nano slots where the THz fields are greatly enhanced, by a "squeegee" made of the polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS). The sweeping of the AuNPs results in further dramatic reduction of THz transmission by suppressing the fundamental resonance mode of the nano slot, as compared to a typical random dropping case...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220862/a-descriptive-analysis-of-sleep-and-wakefulness-states-during-maternal-behaviors-in-postpartum-rats
#18
L Benedetto, M Rivas, M Pereira, A Ferreira, P Torterolo
Mother rats spend most of their time nursing their litter during the early stages of the postpartum period, only occasionally leaving the nest. The suckling stimulus from the pups elicits the adoption of nursing postures, during which milk ejection occurs, an event associated with the occurrence of non-REM (NREM) sleep in the rat. Despite this evidence, the characteristics of sleep during different nursing postures along the postpartum period remain unknown. The present study aims to describe the sleep pattern of mother rats while nursing, hovering over their pups and when being away from the pups...
September 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220358/minimally-invasive-monitoring-of-cd4-t-cells-at-multiple-mucosal-tissues-after-intranasal-vaccination-in-rhesus-macaques
#19
Stephanie Dorta-Estremera, Pramod N Nehete, Guojun Yang, Hong He, Bharti P Nehete, Kathryn K Shelton, Michael A Barry, K Jagannadha Sastry
Studies in nonhuman primates (NHP) for prospective immune cell monitoring subsequent to infection and/or vaccination usually rely on periodic sampling of the blood samples with only occasional collections of biopsies from mucosal tissues because of safety concerns and practical constraints. Here we present evidence in support of cytobrush sampling of oral, rectal, and genital mucosal tissues as a minimally invasive approach for the phenotypic analyses of different T cells subsets de novo as well as prospectively after intranasal immunization in rhesus macaques...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220303/locally-aggressive-connective-tissue-tumors
#20
Mrinal M Gounder, David M Thomas, William D Tap
In this review, we highlight the complexities of the natural history, biology, and clinical management of three intermediate connective tissue tumors: desmoid tumor (DT) or aggressive fibromatosis, tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) or diffuse-type pigmented villonodular synovitis (dtPVNS), and giant cell tumor of bone (GCTB). Intermediate histologies include tumors of both soft tissue and bone origin and are locally aggressive and rarely metastatic. Some common aspects to these tumors are that they can be locally infiltrative and/or impinge on critical organs, which leads to disfigurement, pain, loss of function and mobility, neurovascular compromise, and occasionally life-threatening consequences, such as mesenteric, bowel, ureteral, and/or bladder obstruction...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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