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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669651/improving-physical-assessment-observational-skills-in-the-community-setting-an-experiential-exercise
#1
Mary Dugan
To become skilled providers, nurse practitioner students are required to expand observational skills and develop acumen in differential diagnosis. Good observational skills are essential for developing differential diagnoses, which are narrowed through diagnostic reasoning to reach an accurate final diagnosis. Teaching observational skills and differential diagnosis methods to nurse practitioner students can be challenging for nurse educators. The goal of an experiential assessment exercise (EAE) was to breathe life into an online course and have fun while learning to gather data about the health status and risk factors of people in the community environment...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666132/competencies-necessary-for-becoming-a-leader-in-the-field-of-community-medicine-a-japanese-qualitative-interview-study
#2
Mosaburo Kainuma, Makoto Kikukawa, Masaharu Nagata, Motofumi Yoshida
OBJECTIVES: To clarify competencies for inclusion in our curriculum that focuses on developing leaders in community medicine. DESIGN: Qualitative interview study. SETTING: All six regions of Japan, including urban and rural areas. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen doctors (male: 18, female: 1) who play an important leadership role in their communities participated in semistructured interviews (mean age 48.3 years, range 34-59; mean years of clinical experience 23...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663978/activities-and-situations-when-young-adults-drive-drunk-in-rural-montana
#3
Matthew E Rossheim, Kaylin M Greene, Caroline J Stephenson
OBJECTIVES: This qualitative study explored activities and situations that often result in young adults driving while under the influence of alcohol in rural Montana. METHODS: Eleven focus groups were conducted in 8 rural counties across Montana, and 72 persons (50.7% female, 63.4% college students) aged 18 to 25 years old participated. Focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and narrative text segments were coded independently by 2 researchers. RESULTS: Participants noted a variety of situations specific to rural settings that promoted drunk driving by young adults...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661748/virtual-reality-cue-refusal-video-game-for-alcohol-and-cigarette-recovery-support-summative-study
#4
Mary Metcalf, Karen Rossie, Katie Stokes, Christina Tallman, Bradley Tanner
BACKGROUND: New technologies such as virtual reality, augmented reality, and video games hold promise to support and enhance individuals in addiction treatment and recovery. Quitting or decreasing cigarette or alcohol use can lead to significant health improvements for individuals, decreasing heart disease risk and cancer risks (for both nicotine and alcohol use), among others. However, remaining in recovery from use is a significant challenge for most individuals. OBJECTIVE: We developed and assessed the Take Control game, a partially immersive Kinect for Windows platform game that allows users to counter substance cues through active movements (hitting, kicking, etc)...
April 16, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661121/urothelial-carcinomas-of-the-urinary-bladder-with-plasmacytoid-or-rhabdoid-features-and-tendency-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-3-dogs
#5
Susanne Je-Han Lin, Chi-Fei Kao, Fun-In Wang, Chian-Ren Jeng, Jih-Jong Lee, Lei-Ya Wang, Hui-Wen Chang, Yi-Jiun Chen, Chen-Hsuan Liu, Victor Fei Pang
Plasmacytoid and rhabdoid variants of urothelial carcinomas (UCs) of the urinary bladder have been described in humans with plasma cell-like or rhabdoid cellular appearance and aggressive clinical outcome. Canine UC of the bladder is generally classified as papillary/nonpapillary and infiltrating/noninfiltrating with limited information regarding other histological patterns. We report 3 cases of UC of the urinary bladder showing a unique discohesive cellular morphology with malignant behavior resembling the human plasmacytoid and rhabdoid variants of UC, which may raise some difficulties in diagnosis...
January 1, 2018: Veterinary Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659521/boy-smokers-rationalisations-for-engaging-in-potentially-fatal-behaviour-in-depth-interviews-in-the-netherlands
#6
Michael Schreuders, Nikha T Krooneman, Bas van den Putte, Anton E Kunst
Adolescent smokers engage in cognitive rationalisation processes that lower perceptions of personal vulnerability to the health consequences of smoking. There is, however, hardly any evidence that provides in-depth insights on adolescents’ recurring rationalisations. Therefore, we explored how boy smokers deal with the knowledge that they are engaging in potentially fatal behaviour. Interviews were held with 16 boy smokers aged 16 to 17 years old. The qualitative analysis focussed on combining boys’ reasons about why they think they will not experience severe health consequences into coherent rationalisations that recurred among interviewees...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649792/comparison-of-different-compression-to-ventilation-ratios-2-1-3-1-and-4-1-during-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-in-a-porcine-model-of-neonatal-asphyxia
#7
Matteo P Pasquin, Po-Yin Cheung, Sparsh Patel, Min Lu, Tze-Fun Lee, Michael Wagner, Megan O'Reilly, Georg M Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: High-quality chest compression is essential during neonatal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the optimal compression to ventilation ratio (C:V) that should be used during neonatal CPR to optimize coronary and cerebral perfusion while providing adequate ventilation remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that different C:V ratios (e.g., 2: 1 or 4: 1) will reduce the time to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in severely asphyxiated piglets...
April 12, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624441/motives-and-concerns-associated-with-geosocial-networking-app-usage-an-exploratory-study-among-heterosexual-college-students-in-the-united-states
#8
Meredith Griffin, Amy Canevello, Richard D McAnulty
Geosocial network application (GSNA) use is common among young adults. However, there is little empirical research into patterns of use, motives, and potential concerns among app users. A total of 409 heterosexual students from a public university in the southeast United States participated in an online survey. Sample composition was primarily Caucasian and in their first 2 years of college. Average age was 19.7 years. Results revealed that 39 percent of participants had used a GSN app, and 60 percent of these were regular users...
April 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618327/overweight-adolescents-views-on-physical-activity-experiences-of-participants-in-an-internet-based-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#9
Turid Kristin Bigum Sundar, Knut Løndal, Per Lagerløv, Kari Galvin, Sølvi Helseth
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obese adolescents are reported to be less physically active than their peers. Research-based knowledge about their views may contribute to a better understanding of key factors that may foster or undermine motivation for physical activity, and provide knowledge for the future development of interventions. This paper explores experiences of physical activity among overweight adolescents, age 13-14 years, participants in Young & Active, a web-based controlled trial intervention to increase physical activity (ClinicalTrials...
April 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616575/organizing-a-large-scale-physiology-understanding-phun-week-event-at-a-science-center
#10
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Micaela Balzer, Erica A Wehrwein
For the past 6 yr, the Department of Physiology at Michigan State University (MSU) has partnered with Impression 5 Science Center in Lansing, MI. Together, we host a day-long community engagement event on a Saturday each year in early November coinciding with the American Physiological Society's Physiology Understanding Week. The purpose was to provide a fun and memorable hands-on experience for children and families. This paper describes the detailed planning and logistics. The event takes place in the main exhibit space at the science center, generally has 15-17 physiology activities stations set up as booths run by volunteers, and the event runs as an open-house format...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614012/the-elderly-perceived-meanings-and-values-of-virtual-reality-leisure-activities-a-means-end-chain-approach
#11
Cheng-Shih Lin, Mei-Yuan Jeng, Tsu-Ming Yeh
This study uses means-end chain (MEC) techniques to examine the awareness, decision-making procedure, and personal values of the elderly with regard to virtual reality leisure activities. The results of the study show that elderly respondents value virtual reality leisure activities that are fun, safe, and easy. In terms of outcome benefits, elderly respondents value feeling physically and mentally healthy, firsthand experience, and satisfied curiosity. In value terms, elderly respondents hope that their chosen virtual reality leisure activities improve not only their relationships with others, but also their enjoyment, quality of life, and sense of belonging...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609608/methamphetamine-type-stimulant-use-in-lao-pdr-qualitative-findings-from-users-aged-15-25-years-in-vientiane-capital-and-vientiane-province
#12
Vanphanom Sychareun, Bangone Santavasy, Niramonh Chanlivong, Andrea Fischer, Nicholas Thomson, Robert Power, Jo Durham
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine is one of the most widely used illicit drugs in several Southeast Asian countries, including the Lao People's Democratic Republic (PDR). The purpose of this study was to examine the socio-cultural context of its use in Lao PDR. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional qualitative survey among young people, aged 15-24 years, who use methamphetamine (or Yaba as it is commonly known in the region) in Vientiane Capital and Vientiane Province, Lao PDR...
April 2, 2018: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608120/concurrent-validity-of-two-standardized-measures-of-gross-motor-function-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Jamie M Holloway, Toby Long, Fred Biasini
AIMS: This study provides information on how two standardized measures based on different theoretical frameworks can be used in collecting information on motor development and performance in 4- and 5-year-olds with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of the study was to determine the concurrent validity of the Miller Function and Participation Scales (M-FUN) with the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, Second Edition (PDMS-2) in young children with ASD. METHODS: The gross motor sections of the PDMS-2 and the M-FUN were administered to 22 children with ASD between the ages of 48 and 71 months...
April 2, 2018: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593744/studies-of-mast-cells-adventures-in-serendipity
#14
REVIEW
Melissa A Brown
Like many of us who had the great fortune to work with Bill Paul, my science life was immeasurably altered by my interactions with him. Although intimidating at first because of his stature in the immunology world, it was soon clear that he not only truly cared about the specific research we were doing together, but he wished to convey to his trainees an approach to science that was open, always questioning, and infinitely fun. His enthusiasm was infectious and after my training with him, despite stresses due to funding and publishing hurdles, I never regretted the path I took...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587182/the-role-of-domain-general-cognitive-resources-in-children-s-construction-of-a-vitalist-theory-of-biology
#15
Igor Bascandziev, Nathan Tardiff, Deborah Zaitchik, Susan Carey
Some episodes of learning are easier than others. Preschoolers can learn certain facts, such as "my grandmother gave me this purse," only after one or two exposures (easy to learn; fast mapping), but they require several years to learn that plants are alive or that the sun is not alive (hard to learn). One difference between the two kinds of knowledge acquisition is that hard cases often require conceptual construction, such as the construction of the biological concept alive, whereas easy cases merely involve forming new beliefs formulated over concepts the child already has (belief revision, a form of knowledge enrichment)...
March 24, 2018: Cognitive Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574942/the-contribution-of-occupation-to-children-s-experience-of-resilience-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#16
Linda Bowden, Kirk Reed, Ellen Nicholson
BACKGROUND: This qualitative descriptive study explored what occupations children aged 10-13 years participate in and how participation in occupation contributes to resilience from their perspective. Little is known about how occupations contribute to resilience, and less is known from children's perspectives. Exploring how participation in occupation contributes to resilience is important as children continue to face adverse situations; resilience may help protect their development against uncertainty...
March 25, 2018: Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567464/parent-perspectives-on-the-clinician-client-relationship-in-speech-language-treatment-for-children
#17
Kerry Danahy Ebert
Few studies have explored clinician-client relationships in speech-language treatment for children, although evidence indicates that these relationships may be important. Parents play a unique role in clinician-client relationships and their views have yet to be considered in the speech-language pathology literature. This study explored parents' perspectives on the clinician-client relationship in speech-language treatment for children using both quantitative and qualitative information. An online survey collected responses from 159 parents with children enrolled in speech-language services...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566471/reduction-mammoplasty-as-a-treatment-for-symptomatic-central-venous-stenosis
#18
Denise Seok Fun Fok, Janna Joethy
Central venous stenosis is a rare cause of unilateral breast edema occurring in hemodialysis patients that needs to be differentiated from other differential diagnoses, including, but not limited to, inflammatory breast carcinoma, mastitis, lymphedema, and congestive heart failure. All reports of similar cases in the available literature have described improvement or resolution of the edema after treatment. Herein, we report and discuss the pathophysiology of breast edema formation in a patient who presented with massive left-sided breast edema 7 years after being diagnosed with central venous stenosis...
March 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558987/teenage-recommendations-to-improve-physical-activity-for-their-age-group-a-qualitative-study
#19
Michaela James, Charlotte Todd, Samantha Scott, Gareth Stratton, Sarah McCoubrey, Danielle Christian, Julian Halcox, Suzanne Audrey, Elizabeth Ellins, Samantha Anderson, Isabel Copp, Sinead Brophy
BACKGROUND: It is recommended that young people should engage in 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous activity (MVPA) a day for health benefits, but few teenagers actually meet this recommendation. Policy-makers play a vital role in designing physical activity initiatives, but they generally do this with little or no input from the intervention recipients. This study explores the recommendations made by teenagers to improve activity provision, uptake and sustainability of physical activity engagement for both themselves and their peers...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557899/sun-fun-and-a-whole-lot-of-learning-join-us-for-the-national-conference-for-nurse-practitioners-in-may
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2018: Nurse Practitioner
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