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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922144/sleep-patterns-and-dysfunctions-in-children-with-learning-problems
#1
Ramkumar Aishworiya, Po Fun Chan, Jennifer Sh Kiing, Shang Chee Chong, Stacey Kh Tay
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the sleep patterns and dysfunctions in children with learning problems in comparison against a local population-based sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of 200 children with learning problems and 372 parents of a local population-based sample of typically developing (TD) children were recruited to complete a questionnaire on their child's sleep patterns and sleep problems. The Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) is a validated parent-reported sleep screening questionnaire that contains 54 items identifying sleep behaviours in children...
November 2016: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920735/lower-sensitivity-to-happy-and-angry-facial-emotions-in-young-adults-with-psychiatric-problems
#2
Charlotte Vrijen, Catharina A Hartman, Gerine M A Lodder, Maaike Verhagen, Peter de Jonge, Albertine J Oldehinkel
Many psychiatric problem domains have been associated with emotion-specific biases or general deficiencies in facial emotion identification. However, both within and between psychiatric problem domains, large variability exists in the types of emotion identification problems that were reported. Moreover, since the domain-specificity of the findings was often not addressed, it remains unclear whether patterns found for specific problem domains can be better explained by co-occurrence of other psychiatric problems or by more generic characteristics of psychopathology, for example, problem severity...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901648/a-new-drug-design-strategy-killing-drug-resistant-bacteria-by-deactivating-their-hypothetical-genes
#3
Tit-Yee Wong, Jimmy Kuo
Despite a bacterial genome is complicated by large numbers of horizontally transferred (HT) genes and function unknown hypothetical (FUN) genes, the Genic-Transcriptional-Stop-Signals-Ratio (TSSR) of a genome shows that HT and FUN genes are complementary to all other genes in the genome. When HT or certain FUN genes are omitted from the Escherichia coli K-12 genome, its Genomic-TSSR value becomes totally incomparable to other E. coli strains. The Genic-TSSR correlation tree of a pathogen shows that some FUN genes would form a unique cluster...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part C, Environmental Carcinogenesis & Ecotoxicology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889614/competitive-replication-kinetics-and-pathogenicity-in-pigs-co-infected-with-historical-and-newly-invading-classical-swine-fever-viruses
#4
Yu-Liang Huang, Ming-Chung Deng, Kuo-Jung Tsai, Hsin-Meng Liu, Chin-Cheng Huang, Fun-In Wang, Chia-Yi Chang
Classical swine fever (CSF), an economically important and highly contagious disease of pigs, is caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV). In Taiwan, CSFVs from field outbreaks belong to two distinct genotypes. The historical genotype 3.4 dominated from the 1920s to 1996, and since 1996, the newly invading genotype 2.1 has dominated. To explain the phenomenon of this virus shift in the field, representative viruses belonging to genotypes 2.1 and 3.4 were either inoculated alone (single infection) or co-inoculated (co-infection), both in vivo and in vitro, to compare the virus replication and pathogenesis...
November 23, 2016: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882477/sexual-fantasy-and-masturbation-among-asexual-individuals-an-in-depth-exploration
#5
Morag A Yule, Lori A Brotto, Boris B Gorzalka
Human asexuality is generally defined as a lack of sexual attraction. We used online questionnaires to investigate reasons for masturbation, and explored and compared the contents of sexual fantasies of asexual individuals (identified using the Asexual Identification Scale) with those of sexual individuals. A total of 351 asexual participants (292 women, 59 men) and 388 sexual participants (221 women, 167 men) participated. Asexual women were significantly less likely to masturbate than sexual women, sexual men, and asexual men...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881496/penetrating-intracranial-injury-caused-by-an-unusual-home-made-iron-pyrotechnic-device
#6
Slobodan Nikolić, Vladimir Živković
Herein, a potentially dangerous explosive home-made device used for fun and entertainment is described. It consists of two iron parts connected with a U-shaped thick wire: a wedge about 8 cm in length, which fits into a hollow cylinder, filled with a small amount of nitre (the mineral form of potassium nitrate). Striking the device onto a hard surface creates a spark inside it, which burns the nitre, producing a very loud bang. We are in possession of such device in our forensic museum collection. We present a case from 1937 related to the use of this explosive home-made device...
November 23, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875941/perceived-time-slows-during-fleeting-fun-or-fear
#7
Mike Corke, Jason Bell, Stephanie C Goodhew, Michael Smithson, Mark Edwards
Previous psychophysical studies at durations greater than 1,000ms have confirmed the anecdotal reports of an increase in the perceived duration of both positively and negatively-valenced emotive stimuli; however, the results of studies at durations less than 1,000ms have been inconsistent. This study further investigated the effect of valence on the perception of durations less than 1,000ms. We used both positively and negatively-valenced stimuli in order to compare their effects on the distortion of duration and we tested multiple data points within the sub-one second range...
November 23, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875780/vp1-residues-around-the-five-fold-axis-of-enterovirus-a71-mediate-heparan-sulfate-interaction
#8
Chee Wah Tan, I-Ching Sam, Vannajan Sanghiran Lee, Hui Vern Wong, Yoke Fun Chan
Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) is a neurotropic enterovirus that uses heparan sulfate as an attachment receptor. The molecular determinants of EV-A71-heparan sulfate interaction are unknown. With In silico heparin docking and mutagenesis of all possible lysine residues in VP1, we identified that K162, K242 and K244 are responsible for heparin interaction and inhibition. EV-A71 mutants with K242A and K244A rapidly acquired compensatory mutations, T100K or E98A, and Q145R-T237N respectively, which restored the heparin-binding phenotype...
November 19, 2016: Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869562/wanting-to-be-seen-young-people-s-experiences-of-performative-making-out
#9
Kate M Esterline, Charlene L Muehlenhard
People engage in sexual behavior for many reasons, some of which require an audience (e.g., arousing onlookers, making someone jealous). In this study, we investigated the prevalence, motivations, and outcomes of young people's experiences with performative making out-making out with someone and wanting others to see. Of the 155 female and 194 male college students who completed the online questionnaire, 32% of the women and 37% of the men reported having done this, often before entering college. Significantly more women than men reported same-sex performative experiences...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866159/pairing-animal-cartoon-characters-with-produce-stimulates-selection-among-child-zoo-visitors
#10
Allison Karpyn, Michael Allen, Samantha Marks, Nicole Filion, Debora Humphrey, Ai Ye, Henry May, Meryl P Gardner
In order to address the pervasive trend of underconsumption of fruits and vegetables among children, we examined the hypothesis that children would be more likely to select fruits (apple slices, bananas, and oranges) and vegetables (baby carrots) when paired with animal cartoon image than when available without the character image. Tested in a randomized experiment using counterbalancing, products were arranged on two tables at two separate family fun nights held at a local zoo. Animal character produce parings were manipulated by placing one of two animals (tamarin or iguana) next to two of the four fruit or vegetable selections at each table, and by changing when available without the image...
November 18, 2016: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862851/barriers-and-facilitators-to-initial-and-continued-attendance-at-community-based-lifestyle-programmes-among-families-of-overweight-and-obese-children-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
E Kelleher, M P Davoren, J M Harrington, F Shiely, I J Perry, S M McHugh
The success of childhood weight management programmes relies on family engagement. While attendance offers many benefits including the support to make positive lifestyle changes, the majority of families referred to treatment decline. Moreover, for those who do attend, benefits are often compromised by high programme attrition. This systematic review investigated factors influencing attendance at community-based lifestyle programmes among families of overweight or obese children. A narrative synthesis approach was used to allow for the inclusion of quantitative, qualitative and mixed-method study designs...
November 10, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856340/pok%C3%A3-mon-go-a-game-changer-for-the-physical-inactivity-crisis
#12
Allana G LeBlanc, Jean-Philippe Chaput
There is an urgent need to find novel strategies aimed at motivating people to go outside and move more. Pokémon Go blends a fun smartphone game with real-life, outdoor physical activity. Initial reports suggest it is a successful population level strategy to increase physical activity levels. Further research is needed to understand the long-term risks and benefits of this new game. Free-to-play location-based augmented reality mobile games are likely to be a new model for promoting healthy active living in the future...
November 14, 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852721/e-cigarettes-a-safer-alternative-for-teenagers-a-uk-focus-group-study-of-teenagers-views
#13
Shona Hilton, Heide Weishaar, Helen Sweeting, Filippo Trevisan, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi
OBJECTIVE: Concerns exist that e-cigarettes may be a gateway to traditional cigarettes and/or (re)normalise teenage smoking. This qualitative study explores how teenagers in the UK currently perceive e-cigarettes and how and why they do or do not use them. DESIGN: 16 focus groups were conducted across the UK between November 2014 and February 2015, with 83 teenagers aged 14-17. All discussions were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim, imported into NVivo 10 and thematically analysed...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849373/adaptation-and-implementation-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-hiv-related-stigma-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-united-states-piloting-of-the-fresh-workshop
#14
D Scott Batey, Samantha Whitfield, Mazheruddin Mulla, Kristi L Stringer, Modupeoluwa Durojaiye, Lisa McCormick, Bulent Turan, Laura Nyblade, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Janet M Turan
HIV-related stigma has been shown to have profound effects on people living with HIV (PLWH). When stigma is experienced in a healthcare setting, negative health outcomes are exacerbated. We sought to assess the feasibility and acceptability of a healthcare setting stigma-reduction intervention, the Finding Respect and Ending Stigma around HIV (FRESH) Workshop, in the United States. This intervention, adapted from a similar strategy implemented in Africa, brought together healthcare workers (HW) and PLWH to address HIV-related stigma...
November 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846437/-if-i-don-t-look-good-it-just-doesn-t-go-up-a-qualitative-study-of-young-women-s-drinking-cultures-and-practices-on-social-network-site
#15
Amanda Marie Atkinson, Harry Robin Sumnall
BACKGROUND: Young women in the UK often partake in a culture of intoxication in the pursuit of pleasure and friendship fun. Experiences of intoxication and drinking spaces remain highly gendered and relative to men, women continue to find their behaviours in drinking spaces more constrained and scrutinised. Simultaneously, young women now express themselves via Social Network Sites (SNS), where they display drinking experiences and where they perform, negotiate and display contemporary femininities...
November 12, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836933/the-real-world-use-of-regorafenib-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-multicentre-analysis-of-treatment-pattern-and-outcomes-in-hong-kong
#16
Ka-On Lam, Kin-Chung Lee, Joanne Chiu, Victor Ho-Fun Lee, Roland Leung, T S Choy, Thomas Yau
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the benefits and tolerability of regorafenib in the real-world setting, we performed a multicentre analysis in Hong Kong. STUDY DESIGN: Individual patient data were retrieved from three leading oncology centres in Hong Kong for analyses. All patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated with regorafenib after failure of all standard systemic options were included. RESULTS: From July 2013 to December 2015, 45 consecutive patients treated with regorafenib for mCRC were analysed...
November 11, 2016: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836873/feasibility-study-and-pilot-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-goactive-intervention-aiming-to-promote-physical-activity-among-adolescents-outcomes-and-lessons-learnt
#17
Kirsten Corder, Helen E Brown, Annie Schiff, Esther M F van Sluijs
OBJECTIVES: Assess the feasibility of implementing the GoActive intervention in secondary schools, to identify improvements, test study procedures, determine preliminary effectiveness to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and inform power calculations to establish programme effectiveness. SETTING: Feasibility study (1 school) and pilot cluster-randomised controlled trial (CRCT; 2 intervention; 1 control school(s)). PARTICIPANTS: 460 participants (46...
November 11, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835662/marijuana-use-is-associated-with-behavioral-approach-and-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#18
Natasha E Wright, Danny Scerpella, Krista M Lisdahl
BACKGROUND: Repeated CB1 binding due to THC results in downregulation of the endocannabinoid system in cortex and limbic regions, perhaps disrupting frontolimbic functioning. This is particularly a concern in young adults who are still undergoing neurodevelopment in frontal and limbic regions. Such disruptions may be linked to increased depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and executive dysfunction, and decreased behavioral approach. OBJECTIVES: Here we examine the influence of young adult marijuana use on anxiety, depressive symptoms, behavioral approach, and executive dysfunction...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833520/assessment-of-dietary-behavior-of-high-school-students-of-an-urban-setting-in-pakistan
#19
Jamil Ahmed, Shafiq Ur Rehman, Faisal Mughal
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to energy dense foods increases the risk of obesity and non communicable disease in adult life. We conducted this study to assess the dietary behavior among class six to ten school students of government and private schools in Pakistan. METHODOLOGY: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a sub district of Hyderabad, Pakistan using a questionnaire to measure food frequency by interviewing them through a recall method. A total of 504 male and female students of 6-10 grades were selected by simple random sampling method...
October 2016: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823141/transforming-lives-with-happiness
#20
(no author information available yet)
Can prioritising what makes residents happy transform their lives? Simon Jones, writes in Learning Disability Practice about the use of positive behaviour support (PBS) in managing challenging behaviour. By focusing on one priority: bringing happiness and fun into the lives of the people they support, residents with learning disabilities in supported living accommodation are now living their lives within their community. The team developed PBS plans that prioritised enhancing quality of life with behavioural issues a secondary thought...
October 5, 2016: Nursing Standard
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