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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335483/land-use-for-edible-protein-of-animal-origin-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Gerhard Flachowsky, Ulrich Meyer, Karl-Heinz Südekum
The present period is characterized by a growing world population and a higher demand for more and better quality food, as well as other products for an improved standard of living. In the future, there will be increasingly strong competition for arable land and non-renewable resources such as fossil carbon-sources, water, and some minerals, as well as between food, feed, fuel, fiber, flowers, and fun (6 F's). Proteins of animal origin like milk, meat, fish, eggs and, probably, insects are very valuable sources of essential amino acids, minerals and vitamins, but their production consumes some non-renewable resources including arable land and causes considerable emissions...
March 18, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325082/-i-do-like-the-activities-which-i-can-do%C3%A2-leisure-participation-experiences-of-children-with-movement-impairments
#2
Parimala S Kanagasabai, Hilda Mulligan, Leigh A Hale, Brigit Mirfin-Veitch
AIM: To explore in depth the leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. METHODS: We used Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis approach to interpret and understand the experiences of 22 children with movement impairments, aged between 6 and 12 years. Children expressed their views through flexible child-centred methods of data collection that allowed the children to draw, paint, use stickers, and demonstrate their leisure activities and equipment while communicating about their experiences...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323159/functional-changes-in-the-reward-circuit-in-response-to-gaming-related-cues-after-training-with-a-commercial-video-game
#3
Tobias Gleich, Robert C Lorenz, Jürgen Gallinat, Simone Kühn
In the present longitudinal study, we aimed to investigate video game training associated neuronal changes in reward processing using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We recruited 48 healthy young participants which were assigned to one of 2 groups: A group in which participants were instructed to play a commercial video game ("Super Mario 64 DS") on a portable Nintendo DS handheld console at least 30minutes a day over a period of two months (video gaming group; VG) or to a matched passive control group (CG)...
March 16, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322665/effect-of-positive-psychological-intervention-on-well-being-2-week-illness-prevalence-and-salivary-immunoglobulin-a
#4
Miaomiao Jiang, Zhiqin Yi, Sijiao Li, Xiaolin Chen, Jiahuan Gu
The study aims to explore the effect of positive psychological intervention (fun activities combined with positive mental health education) on the well-being, 2-week illness prevalence, and salivary immunoglobulin A of empty nesters. Ninety-two empty nesters were divided into intervention ( n = 49) and control ( n = 43) groups. The empty nesters in the intervention group performed the intervention in addition to routine community activities. The intervention group scored significantly higher on well-being ( p< ...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322210/mycolactone-producing-mycobacterium-marinum-infection-in-captive-hong-kong-warty-newts-and-pathological-evidence-of-impaired-host-immune-function
#5
Wen-Ta Li, Hui-Wen Chang, Victor Fei Pang, Fun-In Wang, Chen-Hsuan Liu, Ting-Yu Chen, Jun-Cheng Guo, Takayuki Wada, Chian-Ren Jeng
A mass mortality event of captive Hong Kong warty newts Paramesotriton hongkongensis with non-granulomatous necrotic lesions occurred in Taipei Zoo, Taiwan, in 2014. Clinically, the sick newts were lethargic and often covered with water mold Saprolegnia sp. on the skin of the body trunk or extremities. Predominant pathological findings were multifocal non-granulomatous necrotic lesions in the liver, spleen, and kidneys and severe skin infection with Saprolegnia sp., with deep invasion and involvement of underlying muscles...
March 21, 2017: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320741/hypoxia-enhances-antibody-dependent-dengue-virus-infection
#6
Esther Shuyi Gan, Wei Fun Cheong, Kuan Rong Chan, Eugenia Ziying Ong, Xiaoran Chai, Hwee Cheng Tan, Sujoy Ghosh, Markus R Wenk, Eng Eong Ooi
Dengue virus (DENV) has been found to replicate in lymphoid organs such as the lymph nodes, spleen, and liver in post-mortem analysis. These organs are known to have low oxygen levels (~0.5-4.5% O2) due to the vascular anatomy. However, how physiologically low levels of oxygen affect DENV infection via hypoxia-induced changes in the immune response remains unknown. Here, we show that monocytes adapted to 3% O2 show greater susceptibility to antibody-dependent enhancement of DENV infection. Low oxygen level induces HIF1α-dependent upregulation of fragment crystallizable gamma receptor IIA (FcγRIIA) as well as HIF1α-independent alterations in membrane ether lipid concentrations...
March 20, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316444/anti-g-with-concomitant-anti-c-and-anti-d-a-case-report-in-a-pregnant-woman
#7
Rabeya Yousuf, Ahmad Nasirudin Mustafa, Siew-Ling Ho, Yee-Loong Tang, Chooi-Fun Leong
The G antigen of Rh blood group system is present in almost all D-positive or C-positive red cells but absent from red cells lacking D and C antigens. The differentiation of anti-D and anti-C from anti-G is not necessary for routine transfusion; however, during pregnancy, it is important because anti-G can masquerade as anti-D and anti-C with initial antibody testing. The false presence of anti-D will exclude the patient from receiving anti-D immunoglobulin (RhIG) when the patient actually is a candidate for RhIG prophylaxis...
January 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315750/fun-cube-based-brain-gym-cognitive-function-assessment-system
#8
Tao Zhang, Chung-Chih Lin, Tsang-Chu Yu, Jing Sun, Wen-Chuin Hsu, Alice May-Kuen Wong
The aim of this study is to design and develop a fun cube (FC) based brain gym (BG) cognitive function assessment system using the wireless sensor network and multimedia technologies. The system comprised (1) interaction devices, FCs and a workstation used as interactive tools for collecting and transferring data to the server, (2) a BG information management system responsible for managing the cognitive games and storing test results, and (3) a feedback system used for conducting the analysis of cognitive functions to assist caregivers in screening high risk groups with mild cognitive impairment...
March 3, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306719/chromosome-19q13-disruption-alters-expressions-of-cyp2a7-mia-and-mia-rab4b-lncrna-and-contributes-to-fap-like-phenotype-in-apc-mutation-negative-familial-colorectal-cancer-patients
#9
Lai Fun Thean, Yu Hui Wong, Michelle Lo, Carol Loi, Min Hoe Chew, Choong Leong Tang, Peh Yean Cheah
Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is an autosomal-dominantly inherited form of colorectal cancer (CRC) caused by mutation in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Our ability to exhaustively screen for APC mutations identify microsatellite-stable and APC-mutation negative familial CRC patients, enabling us to search for novel genes. We performed genome-wide scan on two affected siblings of one family and 88 ethnicity- and gender-matched healthy controls to identify deletions shared by the siblings. Combined loss of heterozygosity, copy number and allelic-specific copy number analysis uncovered 5 shared deletions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303422/efficacy-of-the-fun-for-wellness-online-intervention-to-promote-multidimensional-well-being-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Nicholas D Myers, Isaac Prilleltensky, Ora Prilleltensky, Adam McMahon, Samantha Dietz, Carolyn L Rubenstein
Subjective well-being refers to people's level of satisfaction with life as a whole and with multiple dimensions within it. Interventions that promote subjective well-being are important because there is evidence that physical health, mental health, substance use, and health care costs may be related to subjective well-being. Fun For Wellness (FFW) is a new online universal intervention designed to promote growth in multiple dimensions of subjective well-being. The purpose of this study was to provide an initial evaluation of the efficacy of FFW to increase subjective well-being in multiple dimensions in a universal sample...
March 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303269/iron-vacancy-in-tetragonal-fe1-xs-crystals-and-its-effect-on-the-structure-and-superconductivity
#11
Zhongnan Guo, Fun Sun, Bingling Han, Kun Lin, Liang Zhou, Wenxia Yuan
Understanding the effects of non-stoichiometry on the structure and physical properties of tetragonal Fe chalcogenides is of great importance, especially for developing fascinating superconductivity in this system, which might be very sensitive to the non-stoichiometry. In this study, a series of Fe1-xS single crystals were synthesized by a hydrothermal method, which show varying concentrations of Fe vacancies (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.1) in the structure. Based on the crystal samples, the effects of vacancies on the crystal structure and physical properties were studied...
March 17, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300457/having-fun-and-staying-active-children-with-disabilities-and-participation-in-physical-activity-a-follow-up-study
#12
Per Enok Baksjøberget, Astrid Nyquist, Thomas Moser, Reidun Jahnsen
AIM: This study investigated change in the participation profile of physical activity over 15 months after a three-week intensive rehabilitation that used physical activity as the main intervention. METHODS: The Children's Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) was used in a longitudinal prospective study (pre- and post-design) with three measurements over 15 months. Eighty children with physical disabilities (6-17 years old; mean score 11.1; SD 2.4), some with additional cognitive challenges, completed all three measurements...
March 16, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295887/serious-games-for-mental-health
#13
EDITORIAL
L M Reynolds, P Hodge, A Simpson
Today the use of digital technology available to inform, train and educate is ubiquitous, with everyday lives seemingly becoming immersed in technology (Howard-Jones 2011). Further, the recently published UK digital strategy provides the structure to enable free access to digital skills training for everyone in the UK (Department for Culture Media and Sport 2017). As part of the digital technology toolset, serious games hold the promise of relatively low risk experiential learning-curves that are engaging, fun and desirable...
March 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290360/children-and-adolescents-attitudes-towards-sugar-reduction-in-dairy-products
#14
Hye-Jong Yoo, Leandro Machín, Alejandra Arrúa, Lucía Antúnez, Leticia Vidal, Ana Giménez, María Rosa Curutchet, Gastón Ares
The development of strategies to reduce sugar intake of children and adolescents has been deemed necessary to cope with the global obesity epidemic. In this context, the aims of the present work were to study attitudes towards sugar reduction in three dairy products of children and adolescents of two income levels and to assess if these attitudes were modulated by the inclusion of the traffic light system on labels. A total of 646 children and adolescents from three primary/secondary schools in Montevideo (Uruguay) participated in the study...
April 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283044/fun-influence-and-competence-a-mixed-methods-study-of-prerequisites-for-high-school-students-participation-in-physical-education
#15
Eirik Abildsnes, Gudrun Rohde, Sveinung Berntsen, Tonje H Stea
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents do not reach the recommended levels of physical activity (PA), and students attending vocational studies are less committed to take part in physical education (PE) than other students. The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to examine differences in physical activity, diet, smoking habits, sleep and screen time among Norwegian vocational high school students who selected either a PE model focusing on PA skills, technique and improvement of physical performance ("Sports enjoyment") or more on health, play and having fun when participating in PE lessons ("Motion enjoyment"), and 2) to explore the students' experiences with PE programs...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279950/insuonline-an-electronic-game-for-medical-education-on-insulin-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-primary-care-physicians
#16
Leandro Arthur Diehl, Rodrigo Martins Souza, Pedro Alejandro Gordan, Roberto Zonato Esteves, Izabel Cristina Meister Coelho
BACKGROUND: Most patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) are followed by primary care physicians, who often lack knowledge or confidence to prescribe insulin properly. This contributes to clinical inertia and poor glycemic control. Effectiveness of traditional continuing medical education (CME) to solve that is limited, so new approaches are required. Electronic games are a good option, as they can be very effective and easily disseminated. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess applicability, user acceptance, and educational effectiveness of InsuOnline, an electronic serious game for medical education on insulin therapy for DM, compared with a traditional CME activity...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276937/toward-the-tailoring-of-sexual-health-education-messages-for-young-women-a-focus-on-tourist-experiences
#17
Liza Berdychevsky
Perceived anonymity and decreased influence of sexual double standards in tourism provide female travelers with opportunities for sexual experimentation and risk taking. The purpose of this study was (a) to identify the clusters of risk takers among young women based on their perceptions of and motivations for sexual risk taking in tourism and (b) to profile the clusters with respect to the psychological, sexual, demographic, and tourist characteristics. The data were collected through an online survey of 853 women (age in years: M = 23...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265494/purification-and-biochemical-characterization-of-recombinant-persicaria-minor%C3%A2-%C3%AE-sesquiphellandrene-synthase
#18
De-Sheng Ker, Sze Lei Pang, Noor Farhan Othman, Sekar Kumaran, Ee Fun Tan, Thiba Krishnan, Kok Gan Chan, Roohaida Othman, Maizom Hassan, Chyan Leong Ng
BACKGROUND: Sesquiterpenes are 15-carbon terpenes synthesized by sesquiterpene synthases using farnesyl diphosphate (FPP) as a substrate. Recently, a sesquiterpene synthase gene that encodes a 65 kDa protein was isolated from the aromatic plant Persicaria minor. Here, we report the expression, purification and characterization of recombinant P. minor sesquiterpene synthase protein (PmSTS). Insights into the catalytic active site were further provided by structural analysis guided by multiple sequence alignment...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262444/highly-potent-stem-cells-from-full-term-amniotic-fluid-a-realistic-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Adila A Hamid, Muhammad Khair Joharry, Hoo Mun-Fun, Siti Nurusaadah Hamzah, Zulida Rejali, Mohd Nazri Yazid, Thilakavathy Karuppiah, Dr Norshariza Nordin
Amniotic fluid (AF) is now known to harbor highly potent stem cells, making it an excellent source for cell therapy. However, most of the stem cells isolated are from AF of mid-term pregnancies in which the collection procedure involves an invasive technique termed amniocentesis. This has limited the access in getting the fluid as the technique imposes certain level of risks to the mother as well as to the fetus. Alternatively, getting AF from full-term pregnancies or during deliveries would be a better resolution...
March 2, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261128/passage-of-time-judgments-is-relative-to-temporal-expectation
#20
Ryosuke Tanaka, Yuko Yotsumoto
Time seems to pass quickly sometimes or slowly at other times. While this belief is prevalent, the psychological bases of such judgments on speed of time have remained unclear. In this study, we tested following two hypotheses: (1) the passage of time judgment (POTJ) is a function of the discrepancy between felt duration and temporal expectation of events and (2) POTJ is based on two distinct components: post hoc comparison of expected and felt durations and online anticipation of the end of an event. In four experiments, participants engaged in N-back tasks for several minutes and rated their POTJ during the tasks...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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