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Te-Yu Wu, Fang-Ju Sun, Kwang-Yi Tung, Hui-Tzu Yeh, Chieh-Yu Liu
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Post-traumatic Syndrome Scale-Interview (C-PSSI) for severe burn victims of the Formosa Fun Coast Explosion that occurred in Taiwan. A purposive sampling, cross-sectional, descriptive design study was selected. Participants were patients with severe burns from the Formosa Fun Coast Explosion, selected from teaching medical centers in Taiwan. They completed the C-PSSI and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Statistical analysis was conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties, including reliability, construct validity (using confirmatory factor analysis), convergent validity, and criterion-related validity of the questionnaire...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
R P Saunders, M Dowda, K McIver, R R Pate
BACKGROUND: Physical activity helps prevent excessive weight gain in youth. Few studies have examined regional variations in common activities, walking and bicycling. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to examine participation in previous 7-day walking/bicycling for active transport and for fun/exercise by region, gender and age groups. METHODS: Children (n = 2693) from 130 diverse, geographically distributed US communities reported participation in previous 7-day walking/bicycling...
June 14, 2018: Pediatric Obesity
Jodi Lisbeth Berndt
The "Breakout Boxes" activity is an interactive teaching strategy in which students work in teams to solve puzzles. By unlocking boxes that hold additional clues for opening more boxes, students eventually solve the puzzle. The aim of this study was to gain insight on student perceptions of the use of Breakout Boxes as an active learning strategy in nursing education and determine if it should be used in future courses. Thirty-nine students who participated in the Breakout Boxes activity agreed that the use of the strategy was fun and suggested that it be used in future courses...
June 11, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
Yi Hong, Soo Chin Liew, Lai Fun Thean, Choong Leong Tang, Peh Yean Cheah
The role of stem cells in the development of solid tumors remains controversial. In colorectal cancers (CRC), this is complicated by the conflicting "top-down" or "bottom-up" hypotheses of cancer initiation. We profiled the expressions of genes from the top (T) and bottom (B) crypt fractions of normal-appearing human colonic mucosa (M) at least 20 cm away from the tumor as a baseline and compared this to the genes of matched mucosa adjacent to tumors (MT ) in twenty-three sporadic CRC patients...
June 6, 2018: Cancer Letters
Bethany R Raiff, Nicholas Fortugno, Daniel R Scherlis, Darion Rapoza
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking results in an estimated seven million deaths annually. Almost half of all smokers attempt to quit each year, yet only approximately 6% are successful. Although there are multiple effective interventions that can increase these odds, substantial room remains for improvement. One effective approach to helping smokers quit is contingency management, where quitting is incentivized with the delivery of monetary rewards in exchange for objective evidence (eg, exhaled carbon monoxide levels) of abstinence...
June 7, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
Kui Fun Lee, Wei Bai, Herman H Y Sung, Ian D Williams, Zhenyang Lin, Guochen Jia
The first examples of C-C bond cleavage reactions of internal propargyl alcohols to give vinylidene complexes are described. Treatment of [Re(dppm)3 ]I with RC≡CC(OH)R'R'' (R=aryl, alkyl; C(OH)R'R''=C(OH)Ph2, C(OH)Me2 , C(OH)HPh, C(OH)H2 ) produced the vinylidene complexes ReI(=C=CHR)(dppm)2 with the elimination of C(O)R'R''. Computational studies support that the reactions proceed through a β-alkynyl elimination of alkoxide intermediates Re{OC(R')(R'')C≡CR}(dppm)2 .
June 7, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Josephine Mun-Yee Ko, Kay Hiu-Ki Tsang, Wei Dai, Sheyne Sta Ana Choi, Merrin Man-Long Leong, Roger Kai-Cheong Ngan, Dora Lai-Wan Kwong, Ashley Cheng, Anne Wing-Mui Lee, Wai Tong Ng, Stewart Tung, Victor Ho-Fun Lee, Ka-On Lam, Candy King-Chi Chan, Maria Li Lung
Telomere shortening occurs as an early event in tumorigenesis. The TERT-CLPTM1L locus associates with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) risk. It remains unknown if leukocyte telomere length (LTL) associates with NPC risk and survival. The relative LTL (rLTL) was measured by quantitative-PCR in 2996 individuals comprised of 1284 NPC cases and 1712 matched controls. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated by logistic regression. The hazard ratio (HR) and 95% CI were calculated by Cox regression for survival analysis with rLTL and other clinical parameters in 1243 NPC with a minimum follow-up period of 25 months...
June 6, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Kathleen Maltzahn, Richard Vaughan, Tiffany Griffin, Darlene Thomas, Raelene Stephens, Mary Whiteside, Sarah Maclean
Bingo playing in Australian Indigenous communities has received little academic attention. We report here on an exploratory study designed to understand the complex benefits and harms associated with bingo playing for Aboriginal people in Sunraysia, a regional community in Victoria, Australia. The research was strongly participatory, and conducted in collaboration with staff of an Aboriginal community-controlled organisation. Twenty-six members of the Sunraysia Aboriginal community were interviewed, with interviews primarily conducted by workers from the Aboriginal organisation...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
Vera H Rigolin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Lucy A Ingram, Mark Macauda, Carolyn Lauckner, Alyssa Robillard
PURPOSE: To examine sexual, mobile technology, and sexting behaviors of college students. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study design was employed. SETTING: Study sites were 2 universities in the southern United States. SUBJECTS: Data were collected from 254 participants via online survey of college students. MEASURES: The survey included 268 items inclusive of measures from previously validated sources...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Petr Badura, Andrea Madarasova Geckova, Dagmar Sigmundova, Erik Sigmund, Jitse P van Dijk, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess the associations of involvement in selected unstructured activities (UA) with health-risk behaviours and academic achievement and the degree to which the participation in organized leisure-time activities (OLTA) changes these associations. METHODS: Using a sample of 6935 Czech adolescents aged 13 and 15 years, we investigated adolescents' weekly involvement in hanging out, visiting shopping malls for fun and meeting friends after 8 p...
June 2, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Luigi Tritapepe, Giovanni Carriero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
Rita Orji, Kiemute Oyibo, Richard K Lomotey, Fidelia A Orji
Persuasive technologies are tools for motivating behaviour change using persuasive strategies. socially-driven persuasive technologies employ three common socially-oriented persuasive strategies in many health domains: competition, social comparison, and cooperation. Research has shown the possibilities for socially-driven persuasive interventions to backfire by demotivating behaviour, but we lack knowledge about how the interventions could motivate or demotivate behaviours. To close this gap, we studied 1898 participants, specifically Socially-oriented strategies and their comparative effectiveness in socially-driven persuasive health interventions that motivate healthy behaviour change...
May 1, 2018: Health Informatics Journal
Xiang Yong Oong, Jack Bee Chook, Kim Tien Ng, Wei Zhen Chow, Kok Gan Chan, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Yong Kek Pang, Yoke Fun Chan, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Kok Keng Tee
BACKGROUND: Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is established as one of the causative agents of respiratory tract infections. To date, there are limited reports that describe the effect of HMPV genotypes and/or viral load on disease pathogenesis in adults. This study aims to determine the role of HMPV genetic diversity and nasopharyngeal viral load on symptom severity in outpatient adults with acute respiratory tract infections. METHODS: Severity of common cold symptoms of patients from a teaching hospital was assessed by a four-category scale and summed to obtain the total symptom severity score (TSSS)...
May 23, 2018: Virology Journal
Maria Liza Espinoza, Po-Yin Cheung, Tze-Fun Lee, Megan O'Reilly, Georg M Schmölzer
BACKGROUND: The Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) states that if adequate positive pressure ventilation (PPV) was given for a low heart rate (HR), the infant's HR should increase within the first 15 s of PPV. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in HR in piglets with asphyxia-induced bradycardia. METHODS: Term newborn piglets (n=30) were anaesthetised, intubated, instrumented and exposed to 50 min normocapnic hypoxia followed by asphyxia. Asphyxia was achieved by clamping the tube until severe bradycardia (defined as HR at <u><</u>25% of baseline)...
May 19, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Angeliki Zarkali, Suk Fun Cheng, Agnes Dados, Robert Simister, Arvind Chandratheva
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Ischaemic visual loss is often considered a lower risk factor than other transient ischaemic attacks (TIA). We aimed to determine the recurrence risk, prevalence and management of vascular risk factors in these patients. METHODS: The study took place in the University College Hospital London daily TIA clinic, main referral centre for North-Central London and Moorfields Eye Hospital. Consecutive records for patients with transient (< 24 h) or permanent (> 24 h) ischaemic visual loss were reviewed during the period January 2014-October 2016...
May 17, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
Fasil Wagnew, Setegn Eshetie, Animut Alebel, Getenet Dessie, Cheru Tesema, Amanuel Alemu Abajobir
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis was undertaken to estimate the prevalence of tuberculosis in diabetic patients and to determine the effect of cigarette smoking. RESULTS: A total of 15 studies was included in the meta-analysis. The pooled overall prevalence of tuberculosis in diabetes was 4.72% (95% CI 3.62-5.83%). In sub-group analyses, the prevalence was 5.13% (95% CI 4.34-5.92%) in Africa, followed by 4.16% (95% CI 2.9-5.4%) in Asia. The odd ratio of tuberculosis among diabetes patients was 7...
May 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Debra G Perina, Catherine A Marco, Rebecca Smith-Coggins, Terry Kowalenko, Mary M Johnston, Anne Harvey
BACKGROUND: The Longitudinal Study of Emergency Medicine Residents (LSEMR) conducted by the American Board of Emergency Medicine queries a randomized cohort of emergency medicine (EM) residents. It is designed to identify residents' perceptions of their training, sources of stress, well-being level, and career choice satisfaction over time. OBJECTIVES: This study utilizes LSEMR to identify resident well-being levels, career satisfaction, factors producing stress, and whether a specific cohort is more stressed than the overall respondent group...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jeehoon Sohn, Sung-Ha Park, Sukwon Kim
BACKGROUND: Dancesport is a popular activity among older adults who look for fun and fitness in Korea. Studies reported positive sociological and psychological effects of dancesport. But, little studies were performed to evaluate the effects of dancesport on balance performances. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of dancesport for 15 weeks on walking balance and standing balance of older adults. METHODS: Older adults regularly participated in the dancesport program 3 times a week for 15 weeks...
May 4, 2018: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Cate Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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