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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715663/a-laboratory-model-of-impulsivity-and-alcohol-use-in-late-adolescence
#1
Matthew J Gullo, Natalie J Loxton, Therese Price, Joanne Voisey, Ross McD Young, Jason P Connor
Impulsivity is a core characteristic of externalizing problems and a robust predictor of alcohol use in adolescence. There is little evidence on the causal mechanisms through which impulsivity influences drinking or how they are affected by key social factors (peer influence). This study reports the development of the first comprehensive laboratory model of adolescent impulsivity and alcohol use. One-hundred and twenty adolescents (50% female) of legal drinking age (M = 19.47 years, SD = 1.12) in Australia (18+ years) were subjected to 1 of 3 experimental manipulations to increase impulsive behavior (reward cue exposure, negative mood induction, ego depletion)...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715459/efficacy-of-abdominal-acupuncture-for-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Lai Fun Ho, Zhi Xiu Lin, Albert Wing Nang Leung, Liyi Chen, Hongwei Zhang, Bacon Fung Leung Ng, Eric Tat Chi Ziea, Yuanqi Guo
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide evidence regarding the clinical efficacy of abdominal acupuncture for neck pain. METHODS: This randomized, patient and assessor-blind, sham-controlled trial was conducted at a Chinese medicine center in Hong Kong between November 2014 and March 2016. A total of 154 eligible participants (age range, 18-65 years) with neck pain were randomly assigned to receive abdominal (n = 77) or non-penetrating sham abdominal (sham group; n = 77) acupuncture...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710210/being-normal-not-vulnerable-case-study-of-a-2-day-residential-programme-for-young-adults-with-cancer
#3
Ana Martins, Rachel M Taylor, Sue Morgan, Lorna A Fern
OBJECTIVES: To identify and describe the outcomes and facilitating processes of participation at 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' (FYSOT), a 2-day residential programme/conference for young people with cancer, from the perspective of professionals attending and patient representatives. DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: Observation of the 'Find Your Sense of Tumour' over 18s residential programme and face-to-face interviews in hospital and phone interviews...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708562/non-model-based-control-of-a-wheeled-vehicle-pulling-two-trailers-to-provide-early-powered-mobility-and-driving-experiences
#4
David A Sanders Td Vr
Non-model-based control of a wheeled vehicle pulling two trailers is presented. It is a fun train for disabled children consisting of a locomotive and two carriages. The fun train has afforded opportunities for both disabled and able bodied young people to share an activity and has provided early driving experiences for disabled children; it has introduced them to assistive and powered mobility. The train is a nonlinear system and subject to nonholonomic kinematic constraints so that position and state depend on the path taken to get there...
July 12, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705768/the-clinical-and-microbiological-characteristics-of-infections-in-burn-patients-from-the-formosa-fun-coast-dust-explosion
#5
Tzu-Chao Lin, Rui-Xin Wu, Chih-Chien Chiu, Ya-Sung Yang, Yi Lee, Jung-Chung Lin, Feng-Yee Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Bloodstream infection is a leading cause of mortality among burn patients. This study aimed to evaluate the risk factors, causative pathogens, and the relationship between bloodstream infections and other infections among burn patients from the Formosa Fun Coast Dust Explosion. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated the demographic and clinical characteristics, infection types, causative pathogen(s), and isolates' antibiotic susceptibilities from patients who were hospitalized between June 27 and September 31, 2015...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704705/a-new-parasitic-chytrid-staurastromyces-oculus-rhizophydiales-staurastromycetaceae-fam-nov-infecting-the-freshwater-desmid-staurastrum-sp
#6
Silke Van den Wyngaert, Kensuke Seto, Keilor Rojas-Jimenez, Maiko Kagami, Hans-Peter Grossart
Chytrids are a diverse group of ubiquitous true zoosporic fungi. The recent molecular discovery of a large diversity of undescribed chytrids has raised awareness on their important, but so far understudied ecological role in aquatic ecosystems. In the pelagic zone, of both freshwater and marine ecosystems, many chytrid species have been morphologically described as parasites on almost all major groups of phytoplankton. However, the majority of these parasitic chytrids has rarely been isolated and lack DNA sequence data, resulting in a large proportion of "dark taxa" in databases...
May 13, 2017: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691854/impact-of-gamification-of-vision-tests-on-the-user-experience
#7
Lakshmi Bodduluri, Mei Ying Boon, Malcolm Ryan, Stephen J Dain
OBJECTIVE: Gamification has been incorporated into vision tests and vision therapies in the expectation that it may increase the user experience and engagement with the task. The current study aimed to understand how gamification affects the user experience, specifically during the undertaking of psychophysical tasks designed to estimate vision thresholds (chromatic and achromatic contrast sensitivity). METHODS: Three tablet computer-based games were developed with three levels of gaming elements...
July 10, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690442/25-years-of-fun
#8
Julio J Ramirez
Dr. Julio J. Ramirez, the founding president of the Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience (FUN), shared the comments below on November 13, 2016 at the 25(th) Anniversary of FUN's founding, when Drs. Sally Frutiger, Stephen George, Julio Ramirez, and Dennison Smith were recognized with the Founders Award for their efforts in launching FUN in 1991.
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690030/procalcitonin-as-a-diagnostic-biomarker-for-septic-shock-and-bloodstream-infection-in-burn-patients-from-the-formosa-fun-coast-dust-explosion
#9
Rui-Xin Wu, Chih-Chien Chiu, Tzu-Chao Lin, Ya-Sung Yang, Yi Lee, Jung-Chung Lin, Feng-Yee Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Infection is the most common cause of death following burn injury. The study was conducted to compare the diagnostic value of serum procalcitonin (PCT) with the other current benchmarks as early predictors of septic shock and bloodstream infection in burn patients. METHODS: We included 24 patients admitted to the Burn Unit of a medical center from June 2015 to December 2015 from the Formosa Fun Coast dust explosion. We categorized all patients at initial admission into either sepsis or septic shock groups...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685966/the-impact-of-a-web-based-educational-program-on-the-recognition-and-management-of-deteriorating-patients
#10
Sok Ying Liaw, Devon Yun Jia Chng, Lai Fun Wong, Jasmine Tze Yin Ho, Siti Zubaidah Mordiffi, Simon Cooper, Wei Ling Chua, Emily Neo Kim Ang
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based educational program to enhance enrolled nurses' knowledge and skills in the recognition and management of deteriorating patients. BACKGROUND: Ward nurses of different skill levels play a pivotal role in detecting and responding to deteriorating patients. A skill-mix of registered nurses, enrolled nurses, licensed practice nurses or healthcare assistants is often employed for the provision of nursing care in acute settings...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679905/medical-informatics-idle-youtube-potential
#11
Anežka Hucíková, Ankica Babic
YouTube as an online video-sharing service in the context of Web 2.0 goes beyond the bounds of pure fun, for which the platform was primarily established. Nowadays, commonly to other social media, it serves also educational, informational and last but not least, marketing purposes. The importance of video sharing is supported by several predictions about video reaching over 90% of global internet traffic by 2020. Using qualitative content analysis over selected YouTube videos, paper examines the current situation of the platform's marketing potential usage by medical informatics organizations, researches and other healthcare professionals...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677644/2bc-non-structural-protein-of-enterovirus-a71-interacts-with-snare-proteins-to-trigger-autolysosome-formation
#12
Jeffrey K F Lai, I-Ching Sam, Pauline Verlhac, Joël Baguet, Eeva-Liisa Eskelinen, Mathias Faure, Yoke Fun Chan
Viruses have evolved unique strategies to evade or subvert autophagy machinery. Enterovirus A71 (EV-A71) induces autophagy during infection in vitro and in vivo. In this study, we report that EV-A71 triggers autolysosome formation during infection in human rhabdomyosarcoma (RD) cells to facilitate its replication. Blocking autophagosome-lysosome fusion with chloroquine inhibited virus RNA replication, resulting in lower viral titres, viral RNA copies and viral proteins. Overexpression of the non-structural protein 2BC of EV-A71 induced autolysosome formation...
July 4, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672836/sowing-seeds-for-healthier-diets-children-s-perspectives-on-school-gardening
#13
Edris Nury, Asia Sarti, Coosje Dijkstra, Jacob C Seidell, Christine Dedding
School gardening programmes are among the most promising interventions to improve children's vegetable intake. Yet, low vegetable intake among children remains a persistent public health challenge. This study aimed to explore children's perspectives, experiences, and motivations concerning school gardening in order to better understand and increase its potential for health promotion. Using participant observation and semi-structured interviews, we provided 45 primary schoolchildren (9-10 years) from Amsterdam, who participated in a comprehensive year-round school gardening programme, the opportunity to share their experiences and ideas on school gardening...
June 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655447/there-s-no-fun-like-work
#14
EDITORIAL
Carl L Backer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 3, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645620/jean-paul-amoureux-having-fun-with-quadrupolar-nuclei
#15
EDITORIAL
Olivier Lafon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2017: Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642217/an-interactive-mobile-based-tool-for-personal-social-network-data-collection-and-visualization-among-a-geographically-isolated-and-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-population-early-stage-feasibility-study-with-qualitative-user-feedback
#16
Katherine S Eddens, Jesse M Fagan, Tom Collins
BACKGROUND: Personal social networks have a profound impact on our health, yet collecting personal network data for use in health communication, behavior change, or translation and dissemination interventions has proved challenging. Recent advances in social network data collection software have reduced the burden of network studies on researchers and respondents alike, yet little testing has occurred to discover whether these methods are: (1) acceptable to a variety of target populations, including those who may have limited experience with technology or limited literacy; and (2) practical in the field, specifically in areas that are geographically and technologically disconnected, such as rural Appalachian Kentucky...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641105/it-s-not-all-fun-and-games-sports-concussions-and-neuroscience
#17
Christopher C Giza, Mayumi L Prins, David A Hovda
Few items grab the public's attention like sports, from extremes of great victory to injury and defeat. No injury currently arouses stronger interest than concussion. Giza et al., discuss how neuroscience can provide balance between physical activity and TBI, and guide thoughtful discourse and policy.
June 21, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638840/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-stand-up-paddle-boarding
#18
James Furness, Olayinka Olorunnife, Ben Schram, Mike Climstein, Wayne Hing
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle boarding (SUP) is a recreational activity and sport that has grown exponentially, with participation increasing from 1.1 million in 2010 to 2.8 million in 2014 in the United States alone. Despite this growth in participation, SUP remains underresearched with regard to injury epidemiology. PURPOSE: To investigate injury epidemiology (severity, location, type, mechanism) in SUP. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637518/non-digital-game-playing-by-older-adults
#19
W Ben Mortenson, Andrew Sixsmith, David Kaufman
Research on video games' effect on cognition and behaviour has been extensive, yet little research has explored non-digital forms of game playing, especially among older adults. As part of a larger survey on game playing, 886 respondents (≥ age 55) filled out questionnaires about non-digital game play. The study aims were to determine perceived benefits of non-digital game play and to determine socio-demographic factors that might predict perceived benefits. Survey results indicate that non-digital game playing is social in nature and common (73% of respondents) among older adults...
June 22, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634153/beyond-basic-feedback-in-mobile-brief-interventions-designing-sms-message-content-for-delivery-to-young-adults-during-risky-drinking-events
#20
Cassandra J C Wright, Paul M Dietze, Megan S C Lim
BACKGROUND: Brief interventions can reduce alcohol consumption in young people through screening and delivery of personally relevant feedback. Recently, Web and mobile platforms have been harnessed to increase the reach of brief interventions. Existing literature on mobile-based alcohol brief interventions indicates mixed use of theory in developing interventions. There is no research available to guide the development of SMS text messaging (short message service, SMS) interventions delivered during risky drinking events...
June 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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