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Stephanie Truelove, Leigh M Vanderloo, Patricia Tucker
BACKGROUND: Many young children are not meeting the Canadian physical activity guidelines. In an effort to change this, the term "active play" has been used to promote increased physical activity levels. Within this young cohort, physical activity is typically achieved in the form of active play behaviour. The current study aimed to review and synthesize the literature to identify key concepts used to define and describe active play among young children. A secondary objective was to explore the various methods adopted for measuring active play...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Hoon Koon Teoh, Pei Pei Chong, Maha Abdullah, Zamberi Sekawi, Geok Chin Tan, Chooi Fun Leong, Soon Keng Cheong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Pathology
Meredith McGinley, Kathleen M Rospenda, Li Liu, Judith A Richman
Collegiate extracurricular activities, despite their benefits, may place students at an increased risk for experiencing harassment. This study utilizes multiple waves of data from an online longitudinal survey to examine how participation in college activities (intramural sports, fraternities/sororities, school clubs) relates to experiences of sexual and generalized harassment and outcomes (psychological distress, heavy alcohol use) among undergraduates (N = 1852, 58.6% female, 57.4% White) in the Midwestern United States...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
Matthew T Keough, Jeffrey D Wardell, Christian S Hendershot, R Michael Bagby, Lena C Quilty
Gray's Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) predicts that the Behavioral Inhibition System (BIS) may relate to coping-motivated problem gambling, given its central role in anxiety. Studies examining the BIS-problem gambling association, however, are mixed. The revised RST posits that the Behavioral Approach System (BAS) may moderate the effect of the BIS on coping-motivated problem gambling. A concurrently strong BAS may highlight the negatively reinforcing effects of gambling, which may strengthen coping motives and increase gambling-related harms...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Gambling Studies
Lisa G Rosas, Deborah Salvo, Sandra J Winter, David Cortes, Juan Rivera, Nicole M Rodriguez, Abby C King
Middle- and low-income countries bear 80 % of the global chronic disease burden. Population-level, multi-sectoral approaches to promoting healthful lifestyles that take into local physical, socioeconomic, and sociocultural characteristics of both the environment and the population are needed. The "Nuestra Voz (Our Voice)" is one such approach that involves neighborhood residents acting as "citizen scientists" to systematically gather information on the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in their neighborhoods and then use their data to collectively advocate for local environmental- and policy-level changes to support active living...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
Anne C Grunseit, Samantha Rowbotham, Melanie Pescud, Devon Indig, Sonia Wutzke
Issue addressed: The Australian National Partnership Agreement on Preventive Health (NPAPH) charged states and territories with the development and implementation of the Healthy Workers Initiative (HWI) to improve workplace health promotion. Most evaluation efforts focus on the setting (micro) level. In the present study the HWI at the meso-level (state program development) was examined to understand how jurisdictions navigated theoretical, practical, and political priorities to develop their programs, and the programmatic choices that support or hinder perceived success...
October 13, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
Meryem Yilmaz Soylu, Roger H Bruning
This study examined differences in self-regulation among college-age expert, moderately expert, and non-expert video game players in playing video games for fun. Winne's model of self-regulation (Winne, 2001) guided the study. The main assumption of this study was that expert video game players used more processes of self-regulation than the less-expert players. We surveyed 143 college students about their game playing frequency, habits, and use of self-regulation. Data analysis indicated that while playing recreational video games, expert gamers self-regulated more than moderately expert and non-expert players and moderately expert players used more processes of self-regulation than non-experts...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Kim Tien Ng, Jack Bee Chook, Xiang Yong Oong, Yoke Fun Chan, Kok Gan Chan, Nik Sherina Hanafi, Yong Kek Pang, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Kok Keng Tee
Human rhinovirus (HRV) is the major aetiology of respiratory tract infections. HRV viral load assays are available but limitations that affect accurate quantification exist. We developed a one-step Taqman assay using oligonucleotides designed based on a comprehensive list of global HRV sequences. The new oligonucleotides targeting the 5'-UTR region showed high PCR efficiency (E = 99.6%, R(2) = 0.996), with quantifiable viral load as low as 2 viral copies/μl. Assay evaluation using an External Quality Assessment (EQA) panel yielded a detection rate of 90%...
October 10, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hanna Sepp, Karin Höijer
BACKGROUND: There is a need for research both in relation to food education at preschools and in relation to how the individual teacher can handle and relate to the many different scientific facts and paradigms that are prevalent in relation to food, health, and a sustainable lifestyle. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences and meanings that preschool teachers associate with involving food as a tool for learning in planned educational activities...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
Chun-Jui Weng, Chi-Chuan Wu, Kuo-Fun Feng, I-Chuan Tseng, Po-Cheng Lee, Yu-Chih Huang
BACKGROUND: Treatment of supraintercondylar (AO/OTA 33-C) and supracondylar (AO/OTA 33-A) femur fractures is generally challenging. Standard treatments include open reduction and internal fixation. However, optimal implants are now being well-defined. This study focus on the comparison between clinical and functional outcomes of fractures treated with condylar buttress plates (CBPs). METHODS: We treated 87 patients with supraintercondylar or supracondylar femur fracture from 2004 to 2008, including 30 supraintercondylar and 24 supracondylar fractures treated with CBPs...
October 4, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Susan Smith, James Fisher, Iain Goff
BACKGROUND: During their training, medical students are expected to acquire the ability to use thousands of new terms that make up the medical lexicon. Clear communication requires knowledge of this lexicon. We developed a simple word game, MediLex, to facilitate the development of these skills. This paper describes the intervention and evaluates students' experiences. METHODS: MediLex is a card-based description game played in small groups. One hundred cards contain 500 medical terms grouped into five categories...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Teacher
Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson, Jeremy Staff, Megan E Patrick, John E Schulenberg
This study examines the impact of the "Great Recession" (from December 2007 to June 2009) on 8th and 10th graders in the USA, using annual nationally representative data from the Monitoring the Future study. Historical changes in youth adjustment (self-esteem, depressed mood, risk taking, aggression and property crime), school achievement (grade point average [GPA], time spent on homework and educational expectations) and structured and unstructured activities (volunteering, employment, sports and evenings out for fun) were examined between 1991 and 2014...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
Songül Atasavun Uysal, Gül Baltaci
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at assessing how the addition of Nintendo Wii(™) (NW) system to the traditional therapy influences occupational performance, balance, and daily living activities in children with spastic hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study is a single-blind and randomized trial involving 24 children aged 6-14 years, classified as level I or II on the Gross Motor Function Classification System. The children were allocated into two groups: an intervention and a control group, and their families participated in the study...
October 5, 2016: Games for Health
Wen-Ta Li, Hui-Wen Chang, Chian-Ren Jeng, Chen-Hsuan Liu, Fun-In Wang, Li-Jen Chang, Victor Fei Pang
An ~21-year-old female Barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia) died spontaneously following a lengthy episode of difficulty in walking. An ~6 × 3 × 3 cm, unilocular cystic growth was found in the cranioventral thorax. The fibrotic cystic wall, lined by a single layer of flattened to cuboidal epithelial cells, was invaginated and partially encircled solid masses of fusiform neoplastic cells with multiple intratumoral cystic structures. The fusiform neoplastic cells were intensely positive for cytokeratin (CK) and partially positive for α-smooth muscle actin and vimentin, but negative for thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and neuron-specific enolase (NSE)...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Mohammed Al Azri, Hamed Al Reesi, Samir Al-Adawi, Abdullah Al Maniri, James Freeman
OBJECTIVE: Drivers' behaviors such as violations and errors have been demonstrated to predict crash involvement among young Omani drivers. However, there is a dearth of studies linking risky driving behaviors to the personality of young drivers. The aim of the present study was to assess such traits within a sample of young Omani drivers (as measured through the behavioral inhibition system, BIS, and the behavioral activation system, BAS) and determine links with aberrant driving behaviors and self-reported crash involvement...
September 30, 2016: Traffic Injury Prevention
Naseera Kasujee, John Britton, Jo Cranwell, Ailsa Lyons, Manpreet Bains
BACKGROUND: Whilst many countries have introduced legislation prohibiting tobacco advertising and sponsorship, references to tobacco continue to appear in the media. This study quantified and characterized tobacco smoking content in popular women's magazines. METHODS: The 10 top weekly and 5 monthly women's magazines most popular among 15-34 year olds in Britain published over a 3-month period were included. A content analysis was conducted for both written and visual content...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Miriam Boeri, Megan Gardner, Erin Gerken, Melissa Ross, Jack Wheeler
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to understand how people with problematic drug use access positive social capital. Social capital is defined as relations that provide valuable resources to individuals through participation in social networks. People with low socioeconomic status remain at a disadvantage for acquiring positive social capital, a component of recovery capital. The concept of social recovery emphasises the relational processes of recovery. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: In-depth life history data were collected from 29 individuals who used heroin, cocaine, crack, or methamphetamine for at least five years, have less than a high school education, and unstable employment and housing...
2016: Drugs Alcohol Today
Louis Jacob, Ji Won Han, Tae Hui Kim, Joon Hyuk Park, Seok Bum Lee, Jung Jae Lee, Seung-Ho Ryu, Shin-Kyeom Kim, Jong Chul Yoon, Jin Hyeong Jhoo, Jeong Lan Kim, Kyung Phil Kwak, Seok Woo Moon, Bong Jo Kim, Dong Young Lee, Ki Woong Kim
BACKGROUND: Measurements of patient quality of life (QoL) play a major role in the management of dementia. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the self-proxy discrepancy of QoL ratings in the elderly and the impact of dementia severity on the discrepancy. METHODS: QoL of 718 patients with dementia and 651 non-demented elderly were rated by themselves and their caregivers (CG) using the Quality of Life-AD (QoL-AD). The impact of the rater on the total and item scores of QoL-AD was analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and differential response patterns between self and proxy were analyzed using differential item functioning (DIF) analysis...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Srikant Vallabhajosula, Jessica B Holder, Elizabeth K Bailey
OBJECTIVE: With an increasing rate of childhood obesity, it is critical to find fun and effective ways of providing children with opportunities to be physically active while at school to mediate this outcome. Using games as a mode of exercise (Exergaming) could be one such way. We aimed to compare the physiologic response and enjoyment of elementary school children when playing Xbox(®) Kinect(®) versus participating in regular activities during recess. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four children participated individually once in Kinect and once in regular activity sessions on separate days during recess for the allotted time...
September 23, 2016: Games for Health
Chih-Chun Chang, Chin-Chuan Yeh, Fang-Yeh Chu
The Formosa Fun Coast explosion, occurring in a recreational water park located in the Northern Taiwan on 27 June 2015, made 499 people burn-injured. For those who had severe burn trauma, surgical intervention and fluid resuscitation were necessary, and potential blood transfusion therapy could be initiated, especially during and after broad escharotomy. Here, we reviewed the literature regarding transfusion medicine and skin grafting as well as described the practicing experience of combined tissue and blood bank in the burn disaster in Taiwan...
October 2016: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
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