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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452804/inter-observer-reliability-of-preoperative-cardiopulmonary-exercise-test-interpretation-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
T E F Abbott, M Gooneratne, J McNeill, A Lee, D Z H Levett, M P W Grocott, M Swart, N MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing importance of cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) for preoperative risk assessment, the reliability of CPET interpretation is unclear. We aimed to assess inter-observer reliability of preoperative CPET. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-centre, observational study of preoperative CPET interpretation. Participants were professionals with previous experience or training in CPET, assessed by a standardized questionnaire...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445515/telementoring-with-project-echo-a-pilot-study-in-europe
#2
Clíona Ní Cheallaigh, Aisling O'Leary, Shay Keating, Aileen Singleton, Sheila Heffernan, Eamon Keenan, Lisa Robson, Jess Sears, John Moloney, Sanjeev Arora, Colm Bergin, Suzanne Norris
The Extension of Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) project is a novel educational intervention designed in New Mexico to transfer subspecialty knowledge about hepatitis C virus (HCV) to primary care providers, thereby increasing patient access to HCV care. The ECHO model has been shown to deliver educational benefits and to result in good treatment outcomes for HCV-infected individuals in the USA; however, this approach has not been assessed in a European setting. We sought to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and implementation of the ECHO model in Ireland using a pilot study...
July 2017: BMJ Innovations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429156/guideline-adherence-to-colonoscopic-surveillance-intervals-after-polypectomy-in-korea-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#3
Seri Hong, Mina Suh, Kui Son Choi, Boyoung Park, Jae Myung Cha, Hyun-Soo Kim, Jae Kwan Jun, Dong Soo Han
Background/Aims: People around the world are increasingly choosing to undergo colorectal cancer screening via colonoscopy. As a result, guideline adherence to postpolypectomy colonoscopy surveillance has drawn increasing attention. The present study was performed to assess recognition and adherence to guidelines among primary care physicians and gastroenterologists and to identify characteristics associated with compliance. Methods: A nationwide sample of primary care physicians employed at cancer screening facilities and registered members of the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy were recruited...
February 13, 2018: Gut and Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428432/supporting-doctors-as-healthcare-quality-and-safety-advocates-recommendations-from-the-associations-of-surgeons-in-training-asit
#4
C A Fleming, G Humm, J R Wild, H M Mohan, S T Hornby, R L Harries, J E F Fitzgerald, A J Beamish
BACKGROUND: As front-line healthcare staff, doctors in surgical training occupy a unique organisational space rotating through hospitals and services in which they witness first hand both good and bad practice. This puts trainees in a clear position to identify and raise patient safety issues, and to contribute to discussions regarding quality and safety improvement. However, there are a number of real and perceived barriers to trainees doing so. These include concerns about the impact on training assessments and career progression, and uncertainty about the appropriate route...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424180/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-4-patients-with-knee-discoid-medial-meniscus-under-arthroscopic
#5
Peng Xiang, Yun Fu, Shou-Hui Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical characteristics of 4 patients with knee discoid medial meniscus under arthroscopic. METHODS: From April 2012 to May 2015, 4 patients(4 knees) with knee discoid medial meniscus were treated with arthroscopic, including 1 male and 3 females, aged from 7 to 56 years old with an average of 26 years old. All patients were performed discoid meniscus plasty under arthroscopic. Postoperative symptoms and signs were observed, and clinical effects were evaluated by Lysholm knee scores...
June 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423567/-diagnostic-management-of-fever
#6
REVIEW
M Kochanek, A Piepereit, B Böll, A Shimabukuro-Vornhagen, M Hallek
Fever is a symptom of a wide range of diseases. Its diagnostic management is of crucial importance, whereby the interface between general practitioner and hospital plays an important role. The family practitioner is of particular importance in the detection of life-threatening or complex situations involving fever. The diagnostic algorithm presented here can serve as the basis for rapid and targeted diagnostics. Good communication between the doctor and the hospital doctor is mandatory.
February 8, 2018: Der Internist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420234/-care-under-pressure-a-realist-review-of-interventions-to-tackle-doctors-mental-ill-health-and-its-impacts-on-the-clinical-workforce-and-patient-care
#7
Daniele Carrieri, Simon Briscoe, Mark Jackson, Karen Mattick, Chrysanthi Papoutsi, Mark Pearson, Geoffrey Wong
INTRODUCTION: Mental ill-health is prevalent across all groups of health professionals and this is of great concern in many countries. In the UK, the mental health of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce is a major healthcare issue, leading to presenteeism, absenteeism and loss of staff from the workforce. Most interventions targeting doctors aim to increase their 'productivity' and 'resilience', placing responsibility for good mental health with doctors themselves and neglecting the organisational and structural contexts that may have a detrimental effect on doctors' well-being...
February 2, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419904/predatory-conferences-caveat-emptor
#8
Manoj Pawar
It is a dream of every young researcher or postgraduate student to publish an article in an indexed journal and to present an oral paper or poster at a reputed conference. Unfortunately these young researchers are commonly fallen prey to predatory publications which have become a major hazard in recent years because of their rapid multidisciplinary proliferation. In fact many dermatologists daily come across with such fraudulent journals which have quite matured and rooted and now days, flourished with conference version i...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415689/reasons-for-lithium-discontinuation-in-men-and-women-with-bipolar-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Louise Öhlund, Michael Ott, Sofia Oja, Malin Bergqvist, Robert Lundqvist, Mikael Sandlund, Ellinor Salander Renberg, Ursula Werneke
BACKGROUND: Lithium remains first choice as maintenance treatment for bipolar affective disorder. Yet, about half of all individuals may stop their treatment at some point, despite lithium's proven benefits concerning the prevention of severe affective episodes and suicide. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study in the Swedish region of Norrbotten into the causes of lithium discontinuation. The study was set up to (1) test whether patients with bipolar affective disorder or schizoaffective disorder, treated with lithium maintenance therapy, were more likely to discontinue lithium because of adverse effects than lack of therapeutic effectiveness, (2) explore gender differences, (3) understand the role of diagnosis and (4) identify who, patient or doctor, took the initiative to stop lithium...
February 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409676/in-which-context-is-physician-empathy-associated-with-cancer-patient-quality-of-life
#10
Sophie Lelorain, Stéphane Cattan, Florian Lordick, Anja Mehnert, Christophe Mariette, Véronique Christophe, Alexis Cortot
OBJECTIVE: In cancer settings, physician empathy is not always linked to a better patient emotional quality of life quality of life (eQoL). We tested two possible moderators of the inconsistent link: type of consultation (bad news versus follow-up) and patient emotional skills (emoSkills, i.e., the way patients process emotional information). METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, 296 thoracic and digestive tract cancer patients completed validated questionnaires to assess their physician empathy, their emoSkills and eQoL...
February 1, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406764/-doctor-patient-relationship-from-the-perspective-of-medical-students-portfolio
#11
Beatriz Girela Pérez, María Araceli Rodríguez Cano, Eloy Girela López
Doctor-patient relationship is of paramount importance for a good medical practice, however as long as medicine has been increasingly influenced by technology and science, it may be at risk of losing contact with basic human values of respect for the beliefs and preferences of the other person. In this study, we have analyzed the deontological vision of the physician-patient relationship perceived through clinical situations reflected in the portfolios carried out by 225 students of the 5th year of the Degree of Medicine at the University of Córdoba, during the courses 2014/15 and 2015/16...
January 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402315/professionalism-and-non-technical-skills-in-radiology-in-the-uk-a-review-of-the-national-curriculum
#12
F Daley, D Bister, S Markless, P Set
OBJECTIVE: To drive quality and safe clinical practice, professional values and non-technical skills need to be explicit in all postgraduate medical curricula and appropriate assessment tools should be available for teachers to apply. We interrogate a national Radiology curriculum for content on professionalism and assessment tools, comparing it with the Royal College of Physicians' 2005 document. RESULTS: We found that whilst the knowledge for practising with professional values is embedded in the curriculum, the skills that have to be acquired have not been comprehensively developed...
February 5, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402146/incremental-validity-of-the-comprehensive-inventory-of-thriving-in-predicting-self-reporting-mental-and-physical-health-among-community-populations
#13
Wenjie Duan, Yujia Fei, Jinli Zhao, Xiaolong Guo
This study examined psychometric properties and 1-year predictive validity of the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving in China. In total, 556 participants in Chinese communities completed the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving for confirmatory factor analysis. The other 533 individuals further completed the Flourishing Scale and Satisfaction With Life Scale and reported their physical and mental health 1 year later. The 18-factor correlated model showed a better goodness-of-fit than the seven-factor second-order related model...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401474/medicine-procurement-in-hospital-pharmacies-of-nepal-a-qualitative-study-based-on-the-basel-statements
#14
Mina Shrestha, Rebekah Moles, Eurek Ranjit, Betty Chaar
BACKGROUND: Accessibility and affordability of evidence-based medicines are issues of global concern. For low-income countries like Nepal, it is crucial to have easy and reliable access to affordable, good-quality, evidence-based medicines, especially in the aftermath of natural or manmade disasters. Availability of affordable and evidence-based high quality medicines depends on the medicine procurement procedure, which makes it an important aspect of healthcare delivery. In this study, we aimed to investigate medicine procurement practices in hospital pharmacies of Nepal within the framework of International Pharmaceutical Federation [FIP] hospital pharmacy guidelines "the Basel Statements"...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393040/perioperative-treatment-of-patients-undergoing-acute-high-risk-abdominal-surgery%C3%A2
#15
Line Toft Tengberg
Critically ill acute high-risk abdominal surgery patients represent a major challenge to health care providers, with the typical patient being elderly and frail, and with severe and multiple comorbidities. The mortality rate in this population is high, and the postoperative course is characterized by complications, prolonged hospitalisation and considerable risk of permanent disability. With an ageing population, the number of elderly patients, as well as challenges concerning treatment will arise, calling for a coordinated effort both nationally and internationally to enhance treatment in this vulnerable patient group...
February 2018: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377995/high-glucose-concentrations-change-dna-methylation-levels-in-human-ivm-oocytes
#16
Qian Wang, Shou-Bin Tang, Xiao-Bing Song, Teng-Fei Deng, Ting-Ting Zhang, Shen Yin, Shi-Ming Luo, Wei Shen, Cui-Lian Zhang, Zhao-Jia Ge
STUDY QUESTION: What are the effects of high-glucose concentrations on DNA methylation of human oocytes? SUMMARY ANSWER: High-glucose concentrations altered DNA methylation levels of Peg3 and Adiponectin in human in vitro maturation oocytes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Maternal diabetes has a detrimental influence on oocyte quality including epigenetic modifications, as shown in non-human mammalian species. STUDY DESIGN, SIZE, DURATION: Immature metaphase I (MI) stage oocytes of good quality were retrieved from patients who had normal ovarian potential and who underwent ICSI in the Reproductive Medicine Center of People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University...
January 25, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371176/unhappy-patients-are-not-alike-content-analysis-of-the-negative-comments-from-china-s-good-doctor-website
#17
Wei Zhang, Zhaohua Deng, Ziying Hong, Richard Evans, Jingdong Ma, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND: With the rise in popularity of Web 2.0 technologies, the sharing of patient experiences about physicians on online forums and medical websites has become a common practice. However, negative comments posted by patients are considered to be more influential by other patients and physicians than those that are satisfactory. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze negative comments posted online about physicians and to identify possible solutions to improve patient satisfaction, as well as their relationship with physicians...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371100/the-zika-contraception-access-network-a-feasibility-programme-to-increase-access-to-contraception-in-puerto-rico-during-the-2016-17-zika-virus-outbreak
#18
Eva Lathrop, Lisa Romero, Stacey Hurst, Nabal Bracero, Lauren B Zapata, Meghan T Frey, Maria I Rivera, Erin N Berry-Bibee, Margaret A Honein, Judith Monroe, Denise J Jamieson
BACKGROUND: Prevention of unintended pregnancy is a primary strategy to reduce adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes related to Zika virus infection. The Zika Contraception Access Network (Z-CAN) aimed to build a network of health-care providers offering client-centred contraceptive counselling and the full range of reversible contraception at no cost to women in Puerto Rico who chose to prevent pregnancy during the 2016-17 Zika virus outbreak. Here, we describe the Z-CAN programme design, implementation activities, and baseline characteristics of the first 21 124 participants...
January 19, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366854/grading-of-urothelial-carcinoma-and-the-new-world-health-organisation-classification-of-tumours-of-the-urinary-system-and-male-genital-organs-2016
#19
REVIEW
Eva M Compérat, Maximilian Burger, Paolo Gontero, A Hugh Mostafid, Joan Palou, Morgan Rouprêt, Bas W G van Rhijn, Shahrokh F Shariat, Richard J Sylvester, Richard Zigeuner, Marko Babjuk
CONTEXT: In the management of urothelial carcinoma, determination of the pathological grade aims at stratifying tumours into different prognostic groups to allow evaluation of treatment results, and optimise patient management. This article reviews the principles behind different grading systems for urothelial bladder carcinoma discussing their reproducibility and prognostic value. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to show the evolution of the World Health Organisation (WHO) grading system, discussing their reproducibility and prognostic value, and evaluating which classification system best predicts disease recurrence and progression...
January 20, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364182/investigating-colorimetric-protein-array-assay-schemes-for-detection-of-recurrence-of-bladder-cancer
#20
Selma Gogalic, Ursula Sauer, Sara Doppler, Claudia Preininger
A colorimetric microarray for the multiplexed detection of recurrence of bladder cancer including protein markers interleukin-8 (IL8), decorin (DCN), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was established to enable easy and cheap read-out by a simple office scanner paving the way for quick therapy monitoring at doctors' offices. The chip is based on the principle of a sandwich immunoassay and was optimized prior to multiplexing using IL8 as a model marker. Six different colorimetric assay formats were evaluated using a detection antibody (dAB) labeled with (I) gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs), (II) carbon NPs, (III) oxidized carbon NPs, and a biotinylated dAB in combination with (IV) neutravidin-carbon, (V) streptavidin (strp)-gold, and (VI) strp-horseradish peroxidase (HRP)...
January 24, 2018: Biosensors
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