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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677137/phages-make-for-jolly-good-stories
#1
Thomas Häusler
Phage therapy has an intriguing history. It was widely used from the 1920s until the 1940s. After this period, it was nearly completely forgotten in the Western world, while it continued to be used in the Soviet part of the globe. The study of the history of phage therapy provides valuable input into the present development of the field. Science journalists uncovered much of this history and played an important role in the communication of phage therapy after the fall of the Soviet Union, when it came to the attention of Western researchers and doctors...
April 20, 2018: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650872/-examination-of-patients-that-died-within-48-hours-after-urgent-hospitalization
#2
Kazuhiro Kawada, Ryota Yanaizumi, Osamu Takahashi
We offer inpatient support for end-stage cancer patients, not only in palliative care units, but also in general medical and long-term care units. We also provide outpatient palliative care and offer emergent backup for the regional home care clinics. From January 2014 to December 2016, 1,832 patients were hospitalized, and among them, 983 patients visited our hospital on an emergency basis. Among the urgent hospitalized patients, 378 patients returned home after adequate palliative care. But 605 patients had to stay admitted in the hospital until their time of death...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650472/could-exercise-improve-mental-health-and-cognitive-skills-for-surgeons-and-other-healthcare-professionals
#3
REVIEW
D A Parry, R S Oeppen, M S A Amin, P A Brennan
Workplace-related illness is common in the UK, and in healthcare more than five million working days over 10years have been lost as a result. Occupational stress is well known and can affect clinicians at any stage, yet many healthcare professionals continue to work with this or other psychological problems (including anxiety, chronic fatigue, and burnout) as they do not wish to let their colleagues down. Mental health issues might be dismissed, particularly in surgery, because there is a misconception that surgeons can cope better with stress than those working in other specialties, and are better protected from clinical burnout...
April 9, 2018: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650431/-efficacy-safety-and-satisfaction-of-sedation-analgesia-in-spanish-emergency-departments
#4
Concepción Míguez Navarro, Niki Oikonomopoulou, Arístides Rivas García, Andrea Mora Capín, Gloria Guerrero Márquez
OBJECTIVES: To offer analgesia and sedation should be a priority in paediatric emergency departments. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of the sedation-analgesia procedure, as well as the satisfaction of the doctors, patients and parents. METHODS: A multicentre, observational, and prospective analytical study was conducted on the sedation-analgesia procedure performed on children younger than 18 years old in 18 paediatric emergency departments in Spain from February 2015 until January 2016...
April 9, 2018: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644911/perceived-doctor-patient-relationship-and-satisfaction-with-general-practitioner-care-in-older-persons-in-residential-homes
#5
Claudia S de Waard, Antonius J Poot, Wendy P J den Elzen, Annet W Wind, Monique A A Caljouw, Jacobijn Gussekloo
OBJECTIVE: Understanding patient satisfaction from the perspective of older adults is important to improve quality of their care. Since patient and care variables which can be influenced are of specific interest, this study examines the relation between patient satisfaction and the perceived doctor-patient relationship in older persons and their general practitioners (GPs). DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: Older persons (n = 653, median age 87 years; 69...
April 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642776/the-pink-underside-the-commercialization-of-medical-risk-assessment-and-decision-making-tools-for-hereditary-breast-cancer-risk
#6
Sharlene Hesse-Biber, Bailey Flynn, Keeva Farrelly
The growth of the Internet since the millennium has opened up a myriad of opportunities for education, particularly in medicine. Although those looking for health care information used to have to turn to a face-to-face doctor's visit, an immense library of medical advice is now available at their fingertips. The BRCA genetic predispositions (mutations of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 breast cancer genes) which expose men and women to greater risk of breast, ovarian, and other cancers can be researched extensively online...
April 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642390/low-levels-of-knowledge-attitudes-and-preventive-practices-on-leptospirosis-among-a-rural-community-in-hulu-langat-district-selangor-malaysia
#7
Noramira Nozmi, Suhailah Samsudin, Surianti Sukeri, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Wan Mohd Zahiruddin Wan Mohd, Zawaha Idris, Wan Nor Arifin, Norazlin Idris, Siti Nor Sakinah Saudi, Nurul Munirah Abdullah, Zainudin Abdul Wahab, Tengku Zetty Maztura Tengku Jamaluddin, Hejar Abd Rahman, Siti Norbaya Masri, Aziah Daud, Malina Osman, Rukman Awang Hamat
Little is known on the knowledge, attitudes and preventive practices (KAP) of leptospirosis worldwide. This study embarked on assessing the KAP of leptospirosis among rural communities in Malaysia. A total of 444 participants (223 male; 221 female) aged between 18 and 81 years old were surveyed by using a self-administered questionnaire. A majority of participants had poor knowledge level (57.0%), unacceptable attitudes (90.3%) and unacceptable preventive practices (69.1%) on leptospirosis, and only 29.7% knew "rat-urine disease" as leptospirosis...
April 6, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627886/operation-evaluation-in-human-of-a-novel-remote-controlled-vascular-interventional-robot
#8
Xianqiang Bao, Shuxiang Guo, Nan Xiao, Youxiang Li, Cheng Yang, Rui Shen, Jinxin Cui, Yuhua Jiang, Xinke Liu, Keyun Liu
Remote-controlled vascular interventional robots (RVIRs) are being developed to increase the accuracy of surgical operations and reduce the number of occupational risks sustained by intervening physicians, such as radiation exposure and chronic neck/back pain. However, complex control of the RVIRs improves the doctor's operation difficulty and reduces the operation efficiency. Furthermore, incomplete sterilization of the RVIRs will increase the risk of infection, or even cause medical accidents. In this study, we introduced a novel method that provides higher operation efficiency than a previous prototype and allows for complete robot sterilization...
April 7, 2018: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621857/ten-tips-for-becoming-a-time-lord
#9
Andrew W Knight, Tony Lembke
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that extended waiting is the most important cause of patient dissatisfaction with a visit to their general practice. While waiting is sometimes unavoidable in primary care, sometimes its causes are systemic and modifiable. Our experience is that some doctors rarely run late and yet seem to meet their patients' needs. We call these colleagues 'Time Lords'. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to revise and share tips to help others become Time Lords...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619207/awareness-of-diabetic-retinopathy-among-people-with-diabetes-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#10
Sami H Alzahrani, Marwan A Bakarman, Saleh M Alqahtani, Maha S Alqahtani, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Emad M Salawati, Ahmad Alkatheri, Ahmad Azam Malik, Khaled Saad
Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the most common microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus (DM) and the foremost cause of blindness. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness of DR and its related risk factors among patients with DM in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among patients with DM attending primary health care centers at the Ministry of Health in Jeddah. A structured, pretested, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information on the sociodemographic and DM- and DR-related characteristics of the patients...
April 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616180/first-case-of-lymphaticovenular-anastomosis-for-treatment-of-secondary-lymphedema-in-costa-rica-japanese-contribution-to-microsurgery-development
#11
Madelein Centeno-Rodriguez, Isao Koshima
Although a large number of treatments have been developed for lymphedema, definitive management still remains a challenge for plastic surgery, because not all surgical techniques have a positive effect on every patient, and good results are difficult to reproduce. However, it is important to recognize the efforts that Professor Isao Koshima and his colleagues together with the Government of Japan are carrying out to spread information to the different countries on the newest surgical techniques available in current plastic surgery and to motivate young doctors in developing countries to create a microsurgery unit in their home country, providing them with the necessary knowledge and skills to deliver real solutions to complex problems that were previously unanswered...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611621/perception-attitude-and-satisfaction-of-paediatric-physicians-and-nurses-towards-clinical-practice-guidelines-at-a-university-teaching-hospital
#12
Yasser Sami Amer, Abdulrahman Al Nemri, Mohamed Elfaki Osman, Elshazaly Saeed, Asaad Mohamed Assiri, Sarar Mohamed
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: To explore perception, attitude, and satisfaction of paediatric clinicians, trainees, and nurses at King Khalid University Hospital towards clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) including the locally adapted diabetic ketoacidosis CPG (DKA-CPG). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to 260 doctors and nurses working in the paediatrics department. RESULTS: The response rate was 95.4%. The respondents had a positive perception and attitude towards general CPGs and specifically for the DKA-CPG; 98...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600570/medical-communication-the-views-of-simulated-patients
#13
William Laughey, Nora Sangvik Grandal, Gabrielle M Finn
CONTEXT: Simulated patients (SPs) are extensively used in the teaching of medical communication, both for students and doctors. They occupy a unique middle ground between patients and physicians: although free from the prejudices that medical training brings, they work closely with clinical tutors to promote the principles of patient-centred consulting. Despite this, there is relatively little research around their views on what makes for good communication practice. This study aims to address this gap in the literature through a qualitative analysis of SPs' opinions, especially in the context of medical student communication...
March 30, 2018: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599949/a-new-remote-health-care-system-based-on-moving-robot-intended-for-the-elderly-at-home
#14
Bing Zhou, Kaige Wu, Pei Lv, Jing Wang, Gang Chen, Bo Ji, Siying Liu
Nowadays, due to the growing need for remote care and the constantly increasing popularity of mobile devices, a large amount of mobile applications for remote care support has been developed. Although mobile phones are very suitable for young people, there are still many problems related to remote health care of the elderly. Due to hearing loss or limited movements, it is difficult for the elderly to contact their families or doctors via real-time video call. In this paper, we introduce a new remote health-care system based on moving robots intended for the elderly at home...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596513/bad-manners-in-the-emergency-department-incivility-among-doctors
#15
Karsten Klingberg, Khaled Gadelhak, Sabrina N Jegerlehner, Adam D Brown, Aristomenis K Exadaktylos, David S Srivastava
INTRODUCTION: Negative workplace behaviour, especially negative communication is a recognised problem in many organisations and is known to have serious impact on workplace performance, productivity and personal wellbeing. Emergency Departments (ED) can be high stress environments in which communication and perceptions of respect between physicians and other staff may underlie individual functioning. We conducted a study to estimate the influence of incivility (ICV) among physicians in the ED...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592834/patient-compliance-with-antimicrobial-drugs-a-chinese-survey
#16
Shuangmei Tong, Jiaqian Pan, Shan Lu, Jing Tang
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial therapy is among the mainstream treatment modalities employed in clinical settings. Antimicrobial sensitivity of the pathogen and patient compliance are key determinants of the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we sought to investigate the factors that affect patient compliance to antimicrobial therapy in a Chinese teaching hospital to enhance patient compliance and to prevent abuse and misuse of antibiotics by patients...
April 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587812/validation-of-the-neonatal-satisfaction-survey-nss-8-in-six-norwegian-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-quantitative-cross-sectional-study
#17
Inger Hilde Hagen, Marit Følsvik Svindseth, Erik Nesset, Roderick Orner, Valentina Cabral Iversen
BACKGROUND: The experience of having their new-borns admitted to an intensive care unit (NICU) can be extremely distressing. Subsequent risk of post-incident-adjustment difficulties are increased for parents, siblings, and affected families. Patient and next of kin satisfaction surveys provide key indicators of quality in health care. Methodically constructed and validated survey tools are in short supply and parents' experiences of care in Neonatal Intensive Care Units is under-researched...
March 27, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582444/-you-must-know-what-you-mean-when-you-say-that-the-morality-of-knowledge-claims-about-adhd-in-radio-phone-ins
#18
Wytske Versteeg, Hedwig Te Molder
Drawing on a corpus of radio phone-ins, we present a discursive psychological analysis of how mothers carefully tailor their knowledge claims regarding their children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Mothers typically claim knowledge about their children's good intentions, but not about the 'ADHD-ness' of their conduct. Whereas the former is seen as appropriate knowledge for a concerned parent, the latter is treated as a matter of expert knowledge. We show that as soon as problematic behaviour is treated as observable from the outside and describable by mothers and other lay persons, it becomes vulnerable to being formulated as 'normal disobedience', rather than symptomatic of a professionally administered, doctorable condition...
March 26, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582383/factors-associated-with-health-insurance-status-in-an-asian-american-population-in-new-york-city-analysis-of-a-community-based-survey
#19
Cynthia Tan, Laura C Wyatt, Julie A Kranick, Simona C Kwon, Oyinlola Oyebode
BACKGROUND: Immigrants comprise approximately 13% of the US population and 33% lack health coverage. Asian Americans are the fastest growing immigrant group; many lack a usual source of care. This study examines factors associated with health insurance among Asian American immigrants living in New York City. METHODS: Community needs assessments were conducted among Asian American subgroups in New York City from 2013 to 2015; analysis was completed in 2017 and 2018...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581985/the-feasibility-of-3d-printing-technology-on-the-treatment-of-pilon-fracture-and-its-effect-on-doctor-patient-communication
#20
Wenhao Zheng, Chunhui Chen, Chuanxu Zhang, Zhenyu Tao, Leyi Cai
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the three-dimensional (3D) printing technology in the treatment of Pilon fractures. Methods: 100 patients with Pilon fractures from March 2013 to December 2016 were enrolled in our study. They were divided randomly into 3D printing group ( n = 50) and conventional group ( n = 50). The 3D models were used to simulate the surgery and carry out the surgery according to plan in 3D printing group...
2018: BioMed Research International
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