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Braquial plexus

E Vergara-Amador, F Vela-Rodríguez
The independent neurovascular anatomy of the long head of the triceps brachii and its suitability as a free muscle transfer have been extensively studied. Instead muscle transposition of the long head of the triceps brachii to enhance elbow flexion has been rarely described. We describe in this paper two cases of injury of brachial plexus sequel in which transposition was performed only on the long head of the triceps. The elbow flexion was improved, the extension was preserved.
November 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
F de B de la Quintana Gordon, B Nacarino Alcorta, M Fajardo Pérez
Before diaphragm ultrasonography, assessment of diaphragm function was very difficult due to the complex nature of its exploration. The use of this new technique has shed light on diagnostic problems and treatment with an improvement in final outcomes for critically ill patients, in whom the incidence of diaphragm weakness or dysfunction has been underestimated. Better knowledge of diaphragm function enables us earlier diagnosis by quantification of diaphragm contractile activity or evaluation of functional status after delivery of plexus block anaesthesia, facilitating therapeutic decisions...
November 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
F Gonçalves, H Valentim, G Alves, J M Castro, F A d'Eça, J A Castro, L M Capitão
The authors report the clinical case of a 29 year-old caucasian male, previously healthy, victim of traffic accident with head and chest trauma, resulting in a prolonged stay (around 60 days) in an intensive care unit. After hospital discharge, the patient noticed a slow growing of a left supraclavicular pulsatile mass, associated with pain, both local and irradiating to the left arm. The diagnostic investigation revealed a complex false aneurysm with associated arterio-venous fistulae, dissecting cervical muscle planes and involving the braquial plexus...
April 2009: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
F Fernández-González, T Suárez-Fernández
INTRODUCTION: The nerve conduction studies, F-waves and dermatosomal and lor somatosensory evoked potential have a low level of sensitivity for Thoracic Outlet Compression Syndrome (TOCS) diagnosis. A standard negative electrodiagnostic study does not exclude the presence of TOCS. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this neurophysiological note is that the Wright's hyperabduction, costoclavicular compression and Adson's scalenus tests important in making a clinical diagnosis of TOCS can be used as neurophysiological provocative maneuvers to determine the effect of braquial position on electrodiagnostic parameters...
March 1998: Revista de Neurologia
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