keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

scaphoid fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718329/assessment-of-forearm-rotational-control-using-4-upper-extremity-immobilization-constructs
#1
Ayesha M Rahman, Nicole Montero-Lopez, Richard M Hinds, Michael Gottschalk, Eitan Melamed, John T Capo
BACKGROUND: Forearm immobilization techniques are commonly used to manage distal radius, scaphoid, and metacarpal fractures. The purpose of our study was to compare the degree of rotational immobilization provided by a sugar-tong splint (STS), short arm cast (SAC), Munster cast (MC), and long arm cast (LAC) at the level of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ), carpus, and metacarpals. METHODS: Seven cadaveric upper extremity specimens were mounted to a custom jig with the ulnohumeral joint fixated in 90° of flexion...
February 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709792/fixation-of-ultrasmall-proximal-pole-scaphoid-fractures-using-bioabsorbable-osteochondral-fixation-nails
#2
REVIEW
Eugene T Ek, Kemble Wang
Surgical treatment of ultrasmall proximal pole scaphoid fractures poses a number of challenges. The fragment may be too small to fix with conventional headless screw fixation owing to the high risk of fragmentation upon insertion. However, excision of the fragment risks compromising the scapholunate ligament complex and also exposes the radioscaphoid joint to potential degenerative changes. Under these circumstances, we describe the use of bioabsorbable osteochondral fixation nails that allows stable low-profile fixation while minimizing the risk of fracturing the proximal pole...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676150/volar-radioscapholunate-arthrodesis-and-distal-scaphoidectomy-after-malunited-distal-radius-fractures
#3
Stefan Quadlbauer, Martin Leixnering, Josef Jurkowitsch, Thomas Hausner, Christoph Pezzei
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess range of motion (ROM), pain, and incidence of radiographic degenerative joint disease (DJD) after volar radioscapholunate (RSL) arthrodesis and distal scaphoidectomy (DSE) following malunited distal radius fractures (DRF). METHODS: Fourteen patients with malunited DRF and DJD limited to the radiocarpal joint underwent RSL arthrodesis and DSE between 2006 and 2014. These were retrospectively analyzed both clinically and radiologically...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673626/treatment-of-scaphoid-fractures-european-approaches
#4
REVIEW
Joseph Dias, Shanjitha Kantharuban
Scaphoid fractures account for 2% of all fractures. In Europe, the incidence is 12.4/100,000/y. This article focuses on the European perspective on understanding and management of these injuries. These fractures occur in young, active patients. The aim of treatment is union. Osteoarthritis is almost inevitable if the fracture does not unite. Cast immobilization is the treatment of choice in occult or stable fractures with 90% to 95% healing. Acute/primary surgery may be considered in some patients. The European literature stresses the importance of taking the patient's wishes into consideration after careful counseling about alternative treatment methods...
August 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673624/the-nonoperative-management-of-hand-fractures-in-united-kingdom
#5
REVIEW
Grey Giddins
Hand fractures (excluding small avulsion fractures and scaphoid fractures) almost always unite with bone. The role of the hand surgeon is not to achieve bone union but to achieve stability in an adequate position, often with some displacement, and maintenance of good soft tissue gliding. This article establishes that many fractures treated operatively do no better and often could not realistically do better than with good nonoperative treatment. Yet many are treated surgically to satisfy surgical egos, the desire to produce excellent radiographs, or just the mistaken belief that current surgical techniques can improve on nonoperative treatment...
August 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657260/utilising-magnetic-resonance-imaging-as-the-gold-standard-in-management-of-suspected-scaphoid-fractures-in-the-emergency-department-setting
#6
B Ramasubbu, E Mac Suibhne, A El-Gammal, N Sheehy, D Shields
Scaphoid fractures are the most common carpal bone fracture. Up to 40% of scaphoid fractures can be missed at initial presentation and investigation. Follow-up plain film radiograph has overall poor sensitivity and reliability. MRI has been shown to have an almost 100% sensitivity and specificity and so is the gold standard in scaphoid fracture diagnosis. Additionally, early specialist involvement is recommended. We proposed that following a designated pathway, there would be no significant increase in MRI requests...
February 10, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656159/the-prevalence-of-unanticipated-hamate-hook-abnormalities-in-computed-tomography-scans-a-retrospective-study
#7
Silke A Spit, Stéphanie J E Becker, Michiel G J S Hageman, David Ring
BACKGROUND: It is possible that some hamate hook fractures are not diagnosed or treated, thereby affecting the study of their natural history. Study of the prevalence of incidental hamate hook fractures, nonunions, and other abnormalities on computed tomography (CT) ordered for another reason could document a subset of undiagnosed and untreated hamate hook fractures which might change our understanding about the natural history. METHODS: Reports of 2489 hand, wrist, and forearm CT scans for hamate hook abnormalities were searched...
May 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644940/percutaneous-treatment-of-unstable-scaphoid-waist-fractures
#8
Andrew P Matson, Ryan M Garcia, Marc J Richard, Fraser J Leversedge, J Mack Aldridge, David S Ruch
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous techniques have been described for the treatment of nondisplaced scaphoid fractures, although less information has been reported about outcomes for unstable, displaced fractures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the union and complication rates following manual closed reduction and percutaneous screw placement for a consecutive series of unstable, displaced scaphoid fractures. METHODS: A total of 28 patients (average age, 27 years; 22 male/6 female) were treated for isolated unstable displaced scaphoid waist fractures...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633188/clarification-to-article-meier-r-panzica-m-first-results-with-a-resorbable-mgyrezr-compression-screw-in-unstable-scaphoid-fractures-show-extensive-bone-cysts
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594519/pediatric-scaphoid-fractures
#10
Beverlie Ting, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Joshua M Abzug, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick, Donald S Bae
Scaphoid fractures are the most common type of carpal injuries that occur in children and adolescents. The injury pattern seen in children and adolescents who have scaphoid fractures has recently shifted to resemble that of adults who have scaphoid fractures, with scaphoid waist fractures being the most common injury pattern. This shift has been attributed to increased body mass index in children and adolescents as well as more intense participation in extreme sports by both children and adolescents. The diagnosis of scaphoid fractures is based on both a clinical examination and radiographic fi ndings...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552760/denervation-of-the-wrist%C3%A2-with-two-surgical-incisions-is-it-effective-a-review-of-33-patients-with-an-average-of-41months-follow-up
#11
S Delclaux, F Elia, C Bouvet, C Aprédoaei, M Rongières, P Mansat
The goal of wrist denervation is to decrease pain at the wrist, whether caused by an intra- or extra-articular problem or even when the reason for the pain is unknown. It is an alternative to partial or total arthrodesis and proximal row carpectomy. Our hypothesis was that wrist denervation with a two-incision technique was a reliable and efficient way to treat painful degenerative wrists. Thirty-three patients, 48years old on average, were included in this study. Indications were scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) in 18 cases, scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) in 10, distal radius fracture sequelae with advanced radiocarpal osteoarthritis in 4, and post-traumatic ulnocarpal impingement in 1 case...
May 25, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533002/the-radial-aspect-of-the-distal-radial-metaphysis-diaphysis-as-a-source-of-cortical-bone-graft
#12
REVIEW
Steven Regal, Aakash Chauhan, Peter Tang
Cortical bone grafting is commonly required in the finger, hand, and carpus when managing bony trauma. A donor site that can provide a small or large amount of cortical bone graft that is easily accessible and within the same surgical field would be the ideal donor site. In high-energy injuries, a long cortical graft may be needed to reconstruct massive bony defects. In low-energy injuries such as scaphoid nonunions in which a wedge graft is needed, a reliable and easily accessible source of bone grafting would be beneficial...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515065/neonatal-vitamin-d-status-from-archived-dried-blood-spots-and-future-risk-of-fractures-in-childhood-results-from-the-d-tect-study-a-population-based-case-cohort-study
#13
Mina Nicole Händel, Peder Frederiksen, Arieh Cohen, Cyrus Cooper, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann, Bo Abrahamsen
Background: Whether antenatal and neonatal vitamin D status have clinical relevance in fracture prevention has not been examined extensively, although observational studies indicate that fetal life may be a sensitive period in relation to bone growth and mineralization during childhood.Objective: We examined whether 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] concentrations in stored neonatal dried blood spot (DBS) samples are associated with pediatric fracture risk. We hypothesized that in particular, low neonatal vitamin D status may be a risk factor for fracture incidence among children...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504811/percutaneous-screw-fixation-for-scaphoid-fractures
#14
Mohamed E Al-Ashhab, Hossam El-Dein A Elbegawi
Treatment of nondisplaced scaphoid waist fractures has evolved from conventional cast immobilization to percutaneous screw insertion. This study assessed clinical and radiologic outcomes of volar percutaneous screw fixation for 15 type B2 scaphoid fractures (according to the Herbert and Fisher classification). All patients were followed for an average of 33 months (range, 6-50 months). All fractures achieved radiographic union at an average of 57 days (range, 35-70 days), requiring no additional procedures...
May 15, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453341/the-scaphoid-staple-a-systematic-review
#15
John Dunn, Nicholas Kusnezov, Austin Fares, Justin Mitchell, Miguel Pirela-Cruz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review is to analyze the indications, outcomes, and complications of scaphoid fixation with a staple. METHODS: The literature was reviewed for all cases of the scaphoid staple. Five articles including 188 patients, of 77 primary scaphoid fractures and 111 other indications that included delayed union, nonunion, and avascular necrosis, were reviewed. Demographic data, outcomes, and complications were recorded. RESULTS: The union rate of the scaphoid staple is 94...
May 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448708/-wrist-x-ray-for-analysis-of-the-articular-surface-of-distal-radius
#16
E Vergara-Amador, R Penagos, E Pinilla
In the distal radius fracture requires radiographic views that allow you to see the articular surface without interposition. The objective was to determine whether lateral radiographic projections 7 and 22° improve the analysis of this surface. METHOD: Case series study with radiographs of healthy and operated patients, in order to identify the lunate and scaphoid facets in lateral and anteroposterior projections. Qualitative analysis was made on the radiographs of the distal radius with wedges of 7 and 22° in the lateral views and 11° in the anteroposterior view...
September 2016: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409141/intrathoracic-fracture-dislocation-of-the-humerus-case-report-and-literature-review
#17
Wilson Carlos Sola Junior, Paulo Sérgio Dos Santos
Shoulder fracture-dislocations are uncommon. Those associated with intrathoracic dislocation are very rare conditions, resulting from high-energy trauma; usually, the affected limb is in an abduction position. In Brazil, there is only one report of a teenager with displacement of the epiphysis into the chest cavity; the present is the first adult patient report of intrathoracic dislocation of the humerus. The authors present the case of a patient female, aged 56 years, who was hit by motorcycle and thrown approximately 5 meters away...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391752/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-for-nonoperative-treatment-of-scaphoid-nonunions-a-meta-analysis
#18
Edward W Seger, Julio J Jauregui, Steven A Horton, Gerardo Davalos, Erika Kuehn, Michael A Stracher
BACKGROUND: Scaphoid fractures progress to nonunion rates of up to 15% when non-displaced, and are even more frequent when the fracture is displaced. Standard treatment in these cases is surgery; however, individuals unable to undergo this operation, or for those who wish to try more conservative measures, there may be benefit from nonoperative options. Of these, low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been shown to improve fracture nonunion healing. The purpose of this study was to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis of relevant literature to determine success of the use of LIPUS for treatment of scaphoid nonunion...
April 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382830/effect-of-interfragmentary-gap-on-compression-force-in-a-headless-compression-screw-used-for-scaphoid-fixation
#19
E S Tan, I S Mat Jais, S Abdul Rahim, S C Tay
We investigated the effect of an interfragmentary gap on the final compression force using the Acutrak 2 Mini headless compression screw (length 26 mm) (Acumed, Hillsboro, OR, USA). Two blocks of solid rigid polyurethane foam in a custom jig were separated by spacers of varying thickness (1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 mm) to simulate an interfragmentary gap. The spacers were removed before full insertion of the screw and the compression force was measured when the screw was buried 2 mm below the surface of the upper block...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365801/a-modified-matti-russe-technique-of-grafting-scaphoid-non-unions
#20
Moritz Dustmann, Ralf Bajinski, Alexander Tripp, Joachim Gülke, Nikolaus Wachter
INTRODUCTION: In treatment of scaphoid non-union bone healing requires beside vital tissue and stability, enduring compression and a good interface between the graft and scaphoid fragments. While fixation techniques show a good primary stability, they reduce sintering and thus compression of fragments in the long term. Therefore, a modified technique optimising the cancellous interface between graft and scaphoid but still providing enough stability without fixating implants should be evaluated...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
keyword
keyword
96857
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"