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Radial nerve entrapment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166638/predictors-of-surgical-outcomes-of-traumatic-peripheral-nerve-injuries-in-children-an-institutional-experience
#1
Bhagavatula Indira Devi, Subhas K Konar, Dhananjaya I Bhat, Dhaval P Shukla, R Bharath, M S Gopalakrishnan
AIM: This study was undertaken to address the epidemiological characteristics, operative details, and surgical outcome of peripheral nerve injuries in children treated in a tertiary hospital in India (NIMHANS, Bangalore). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of epidemiology, operative findings, and surgical outcomes over the period of 2000-2016. Our series includes 102 children with peripheral nerve injuries of various causes. RESULTS: Intramuscular injections were the most common cause (52...
November 23, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979592/irreparable-radial-nerve-palsy-due-to-delayed-diagnostic-management-of-a-giant-lipoma-at-the-proximal-forearm-resulting-in-a-triple-tendon-transfer-procedure-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#2
Ingo Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Non-traumatic radial nerve palsy (RNP) caused by local tumors is a rare and uncommon entity. METHODS: A 62-year-old female presented with a left non-traumatic RNP, initially starting with weakness only. It was caused by a benign giant lipoma at the proximal forearm that was misdiagnosed over a period of 2 years. The slowly growth of the tumor led to an irreparable overstretching-related partial nerve disruption. For functional recovery of the patient, a triple tendon transfer procedure had to be performed...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969808/management-of-atraumatic-posterior-interosseous-nerve-palsy
#3
REVIEW
Kohila Vani Sigamoney, Abbas Rashid, Chye Yew Ng
The posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) is susceptible to a number of traumatic and atraumatic pathologies. In this article, we aim to review our current understanding of the etiology, pathology, diagnosis, treatment options, and published outcomes of atraumatic PIN palsy. In general, the etiology of atraumatic PIN palsy can be divided into mechanical, which is caused by an extrinsic compressive force on the nerve, and nonmechanical, which is caused by an intrinsic inflammatory reaction within the nerve. As per this discussion, there are 3 causes for atraumatic PIN palsy...
October 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844418/early-results-of-latitude-primary-total-elbow-replacement-with-a-minimum-follow-up-of-2-years
#4
Saurabh S Mehta, Adam C Watts, Sumedh C Talwalkar, Ann Birch, David Nuttall, Ian A Trail
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to present outcomes of primary Latitude total elbow replacement (TER) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was undertaken with prospective outcome data collection for the latest outcome. Included were 63 consecutive primary Latitude TERs in 58 patients performed during a period of 5 years at a specialist orthopedic hospital. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 62 years (33-85 years)...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831314/surgery-averted-using-a-novel-minimally-invasive-approach-to-treat-very-severe-radial-artery-spasm
#5
Anthony A Cochet, Daniel A Bellin
A 42-year-old male admitted with a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction was referred for invasive angiographic assessment. Based on preprocedural assessment, the right radial artery approach was selected. Despite possessing none of the consensus risk factors for radial artery spasm, in addition to receiving standard arterial spasm prophylaxis and conscious sedation, the patient suffered very severe radial artery spasm with initial catheter placement, resulting in entrapment of a 5 Fr pigtail catheter within the left ventricle...
2017: Case Reports in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718333/anomalous-radial-artery-as-an-incidental-finding-during-a-routine-carpal-tunnel-release
#6
Charles A Gober, Tarik Mujadzic, John E Hershman, Mirsad M Mujadzic
BACKGROUND: Compression of the median nerve at the wrist, or carpal tunnel syndrome, is the most commonly recognized nerve entrapment syndrome. Carpal tunnel syndrome is usually caused by compression of the median nerve due to synovial swelling, tumor, or anomalous anatomical structure within the carpal tunnel. METHODS: During a routine carpal tunnel decompression, a large vessel was identified within the carpal tunnel. RESULTS: The large vessel was the radial artery...
September 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642652/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-posterior-interosseous-nerve-entrapment-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Marco Aurélio DE Moraes, Rubens Guilherme Gonçalves, João Baptista Gomes Dos Santos, João Carlos Belloti, Flávio Faloppa, Vinícius Ynoe DE Moraes
Compressive syndromes of the radial nerve have different presentations. There is no consensus on diagnostic and therapeutic methods. The aim of this review is to summarize such methods. Eletronic searches related terms, held in databases (1980-2016): Pubmed (via Medline), Lilacs (via Scielo) and Google Scholar. Through pre-defined protocol, we identified relevant studies. We excluded case reports. Aspects of diagnosis and treatment were synthesized for analysis and tables. Quantitative analyzes were followed by their dispersion variables...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616261/nerve-entrapment-as-a-cause-of-shoulder-pain-in-the-spinal-cord-injured-patient
#8
Catherine M Curtin, Carl-Goran Hagert, Claes Hultling, Elisabet Hagert
INTRODUCTION: Many people with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) develop shoulder pain, which can adversely impact transfers and independence. Yet effective treatments remain elusive. CASE PRESENTATION: This report presents two patients with tetraplegia who had long-standing shoulder pain. Our exam showed muscle weakness and point tenderness, suggestive of nerve entrapments of the radial and axillary nerves in the posterior shoulder. These nerves were surgically decompressed and post-operatively the patients' pain resolved...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594495/ulnar-tunnel-syndrome-radial-tunnel-syndrome-anterior-interosseous-nerve-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome
#9
Adam B Strohl, David S Zelouf
In addition to the more common carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndromes, orthopaedic surgeons must recognize and manage other potential sites of peripheral nerve compression. The distal ulnar nerve may become compressed as it travels through the wrist, which is known as ulnar tunnel or Guyon canal syndrome. The posterior interosseous nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm as it travels through the radial tunnel, which results in a pain syndrome without motor weakness. The median nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm, which can result in a variety of symptoms...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553852/an-anatomical-study-of-additional-radial-wrist-extensors-including-a-unique-extensor-carpi-radialis-accessorius
#10
Charles Timothy West, David Ricketts, Cecilia Brassett
BACKGROUND: In this study, 82 forearms from 41 cadavers were dissected to establish the incidence of variant additional radial wrist extensors. Three variants have been described in the literature: extensor carpi radialis intermedius (ECRI), extensor carpi radialis accessorius (ECRA) and extensor carpi radialis tertius (ECRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the 41 cadavers studied, 5/41 (12%) had an additional radial wrist extensor. Of these 5 individuals, 2 had bilateral additional muscles and 3 were unilateral...
May 29, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526166/transhumeral-anterior-radial-nerve-transposition-to-simplify-anticipated-future-humeral-reconstruction
#11
REVIEW
David A Muzykewicz, Reid A Abrams
Anterior transhumeral radial nerve transposition has been described in the treatment of humeral shaft fracture to protect the nerve from implant irritation or callus entrapment. Transposing the radial nerve through a facilitating humeral defect also simplifies revision surgery should nonunion result. Here we describe a surgical technique for anterior transhumeral radial nerve transposition for complex humeral reconstruction when subsequent revision surgery is anticipated. Three cases are used for illustration: (1) revision of a total elbow arthroplasty with periprosthetic fracture; (2) revision of a total elbow arthroplasty after aseptic loosening from an allograft/prosthesis composite; and (3) septic humeral nonunion with substantial bone loss...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506176/neurolysis-with-amniotic-membrane-nerve-wrapping-for-treatment-of-secondary-wartenberg-syndrome-a-preliminary-report
#12
Michael P Gaspar, Patrick M Kane, Michael M Vosbikian, Constantinos Ketonis, Mark S Rekant
BACKGROUND: Entrapment of the superficial sensory branch of the radial nerve (SRN) commonly results in debilitating pain of the dorsoradial wrist. Symptom relief following SRN neurolysis is often incomplete or temporary due to recurrent perineural scarring. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review with prospective follow-up of all patients with SRN neuropathy who were treated with neurolysis and nerve wrapping using an amnion-based allograft adhesion barrier over a one-year interval...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417037/additional-muscle-slip-of-bicipital-aponeurosis-and-its-anomalous-relationship-with-the-median-cubital-vein
#13
Nandini Bhat, Kumar M R Bhat, Antony S D'Souza, Sushma R Kotian
The cubital region of the arm is a common site for recording blood pressure, taking blood for analysis and administering intravenous therapy and blood transfusions. During the routine dissection of a 70-year-old male cadaver at the Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India, in 2015, it was observed that the aponeurotic insertion of the biceps brachii muscle divided into two slips. The medial slip fused normally with the deep fascia of the forearm, while flexor carpi radialis muscle fibres originated from the lateral slip...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375915/common-entrapment-neuropathies
#14
Lisa D Hobson-Webb, Vern C Juel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article addresses relevant peripheral neuroanatomy, clinical presentations, and diagnostic findings in common entrapment neuropathies involving the median, ulnar, radial, and fibular (peroneal) nerves. RECENT FINDINGS: Entrapment neuropathies are a common issue in general neurology practice. Early diagnosis and effective management of entrapment mononeuropathies are essential in preserving limb function and maintaining patient quality of life...
April 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198531/superficial-brachial-artery-a-possible-cause-for-idiopathic-median-nerve-entrapment-neuropathy
#15
Pilani Nkomozepi, Nkosi Xhakaza, Elaine Swanepoel
Nerve entrapment syndromes occur because of anatomic constraints at specific locations in both upper and lower limbs. Anatomical locations prone to nerve entrapment syndromes include sites where a nerve courses through fibro-osseous or fibromuscular tunnels or penetrates a muscle. The median nerve (MN) can be entrapped by the ligament of Struthers; thickened biceps aponeurosis; between the superficial and deep heads of the pronator teres muscle and by a thickened proximal edge of flexor digitorum superficialis muscle...
February 15, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109556/minimally-invasive-lateral-plate-placement-for-metadiaphyseal-fractures-of-the-humerus-and-its-implications-for-the-distal-deltoid-insertion-it-is-not-only-about-the-radial-nerve-a-cadaveric-study
#16
Emanuel Benninger, Christoph Meier
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive lateral placement of plates on the humerus may be associated with a risk of injury to the radial nerve. Whereas this potential complication has been investigated in several studies, there is no data regarding potential injuries to the distal insertion of the deltoid muscle when the plates are passed distally in a submuscular tunnel. METHODS: Minimally invasive plate placement was performed on eight arms in fresh cadavers. A lateral deltoid split approach was made and the plates were introduced in an antegrade submuscular manner from proximal to distal...
March 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075090/carpal-tunnel-syndrome-diagnosis-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Jennifer Wipperman, Kyle Goerl
Carpal tunnel syndrome, the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity, is caused by compression of the median nerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel. Classically, patients with the condition experience pain and paresthesias in the distribution of the median nerve, which includes the palmar aspect of the thumb, index and middle fingers, and radial half of the ring finger. Additional clues include positive physical examination findings, such as the flick sign, Phalen maneuver, and median nerve compression test...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065869/predictors-of-radial-nerve-palsy-recovery-in-humeral-shaft-fractures-a-retrospective-review-of-17-patients
#18
N Nachef, V Bariatinsky, S Sulimovic, C Fontaine, C Chantelot
BACKGROUND: Radial nerve injury is common in humeral shaft fractures and fails to recover spontaneously in 30% of cases. Few studies have evaluated predictors of recovery. The objectives of this study were to identify predictors of radial nerve palsy recovery and to assess the usefulness of surgical radial nerve exploration in patients with preoperative radial nerve palsy. HYPOTHESIS: Factors predicting the outcome of radial nerve palsy can be identified. METHODS: Of 373 patients with humeral shaft fractures between 2005 and 2012, 43 had radial nerve palsy, including 23 who were lost to follow-up and 17 who were evaluated retrospectively at a mean of 26 months (range, 12-84 months) after internal fixation...
April 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915068/effects-of-pulsed-ultrasound-therapy-on-sensory-nerve-conduction-parameters-and-the-pain-threshold-perceptions-in-humans
#19
Othmar Schuhfried, Damir Vukanovic, Christian Kollmann, Karin Pieber, Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga
BACKGROUND: Therapeutic ultrasound is an often-used clinical modality in the nonsurgical treatment of entrapment neuropathies. To date, the possible mechanism of action of pulsed ultrasound therapy on the peripheral nerve in the treatment of entrapment neuropathies is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of pulsed ultrasound therapy on peripheral nerve conduction parameters. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, single blind, crossover study...
November 30, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902538/ulnar-tunnel-syndrome-radial-tunnel-syndrome-anterior-interosseous-nerve-syndrome-and-pronator-syndrome
#20
Adam B Strohl, David S Zelouf
In addition to the more common carpal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndromes, orthopaedic surgeons must recognize and manage other potential sites of peripheral nerve compression. The distal ulnar nerve may become compressed as it travels through the wrist, which is known as ulnar tunnel or Guyon canal syndrome. The posterior interosseous nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm as it travels through the radial tunnel, which results in a pain syndrome without motor weakness. The median nerve may become entrapped in the proximal forearm, which can result in a variety of symptoms...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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