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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054023/charting-the-territory-describing-the-functional-abilities-of-children-with-progressive-neurological-conditions
#1
Sandy K Tatla, Liisa Holsti, Gail Stephanie Andrews, Leanne Feichtinger, Rose Steele, Harold Siden
AIMS: Little is known about the functional abilities of children with progressive genetic, metabolic, or neurological conditions (PNCs). In this study, children with PNCs were followed over a 2-year period to assess their functional abilities over time. Specific aims were to: 1) describe the changes in functional skills and the effects of age for children with PNCs, 2) assess changes in these children's need for caregiver assistance over time, and 3) examine relationships between these children's functional skills and need for caregiver assistance...
October 17, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053772/the-effect-of-increased-alcohol-availability-on-alcohol-related-health-problems-up-to-the-age-of-42-among-children-exposed-in-utero-a-natural-experiment
#2
Emelie Thern, David Carslake, George Davey Smith, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen
Aim: To examine whether exposure to increased alcohol availability in utero is associated with later alcohol-related health problems. Method: Register-linked population-based longitudinal study using data from a natural experiment setting, including 363 286 children born 1965-71. An experimental alcohol policy change was piloted in two regions of Sweden in 1967-68, where access to strong beer increased for 16-20 year old. Children exposed in utero to the policy change were compared to children born elsewhere in Sweden (excluding a border area), and to children born before and after the policy change...
October 19, 2017: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053215/the-identification-of-barriers-to-insulin-therapy-and-approaches-for-overcoming-them
#3
REVIEW
D Russell-Jones, F Pouwer, K Khunti
Poor glycaemic control in type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a global problem despite the availability of numerous glucose-lowering therapies and clear guidelines for T2D management. Tackling clinical or therapeutic inertia, where the person with diabetes and/or their healthcare providers do not intensify treatment regimens despite this being appropriate, is key to improving patients' long-term outcomes. This gap between best practice and current level of care is most pronounced when considering insulin regimens, with studies showing that insulin initiation/intensification is frequently and inappropriately delayed for several years...
October 20, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052846/improvements-of-adolescent-psychopathology-after-insomnia-treatment-results-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-over-1%C3%A2-year
#4
Eduard J de Bruin, Susan M Bögels, Frans J Oort, Anne Marie Meijer
BACKGROUND: Adolescent insomnia can be treated effectively with cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBTI). However, little is known about effects of CBTI on psychopathology in adolescents. This study aimed to investigate whether (a) CBTI improves psychopathology in Internet- (IT) and face-to-face group treatment (GT) compared to waitlist (WL), (b) improvement in psychopathology can be attributed to reduced insomnia, (c) improvement in psychopathology remains stable for up to 1 year...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052691/discontinuing-inappropriate-medication-use-in-nursing-home-residents-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Hans Wouters, Jessica Scheper, Hedi Koning, Chris Brouwer, Jos W Twisk, Helene van der Meer, Froukje Boersma, Sytse U Zuidema, Katja Taxis
Background: Inappropriate prescribing is a well-known clinical problem in nursing home residents, but few interventions have focused on reducing inappropriate medication use. Objective: To examine successful discontinuation of inappropriate medication use and to improve prescribing in nursing home residents. Design: Pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial, with clustering by elder care physicians and their wards. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01876095)...
October 10, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052117/clinical-impact-of-an-interdisciplinary-patient-safety-program-for-managing-drug-related-problems-in-a-long-term-care-hospital
#6
Oreto Ruiz-Millo, Mónica Climente-Martí, Ana María Galbis-Bernácer, José Ramón Navarro-Sanz
Background Medication reviews intended to identify drug-related problems (DRPs) have been researched in primary care, acute care and nursing homes rather than in long-term care hospitals (LTCHs). Objectives To assess the clinical impact of an interdisciplinary pharmacotherapy quality improvement and patient safety program in elderly patients with polypharmacy admitted to an LTCH. Setting An interventional, longitudinal, prospective study was conducted in a Spanish LTCH Method A total of 162 elderly (≥ 70 years) patients with polypharmacy (≥ 5 medications) were included...
October 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051840/syrian-refugee-women-s-health-in-lebanon-turkey-and-jordan-and-recommendations-for-improved-practice
#7
Goleen Samari
Since 2011, an estimated nine million Syrian refugees have fled to neighboring countries, and over four million have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan. Seventy five percent of Syrian refugees are women and children. In times of conflict, women's health disproportionately suffers. Based on an assessment of academic literature and international policy and development reports, this study explores the vulnerabilities of Syrian women and girls in Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan, and how these countries approach Syrian refugee women's health care...
June 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051825/continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-neonates-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Christopher J D McKinlay, J Geoffrey Chase, Jennifer Dickson, Deborah L Harris, Jane M Alsweiler, Jane E Harding
Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is well established in the management of diabetes mellitus, but its role in neonatal glycaemic control is less clear. CGM has provided important insights about neonatal glucose metabolism, and there is increasing interest in its clinical use, particularly in preterm neonates and in those in whom glucose control is difficult. Neonatal glucose instability, including hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia, has been associated with poorer neurodevelopment, and CGM offers the possibility of adjusting treatment in real time to account for individual metabolic requirements while reducing the number of blood tests required, potentially improving long-term outcomes...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051703/buprenorphine-naloxone-maintenance-therapy-an-observational-retrospective-report-on-the-effect-of-dose-on-18%C3%A2-months-retention-in-an-office-based-treatment-program
#9
Theodore V Parran, A G Mace, Yael J Dahan, Christopher A Adelman, Mykola Kolganov
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Buprenorphine has been available with few reports of the dose range necessary to adequately maintain patients. We report on the effect of 8 mg/d versus 16 mg/d of buprenorphine on long-term patient retention in office-based opioid maintenance (OBOMT). DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Case series, at an urban hospital-based primary care clinic providing OBOMT to 157 opiate-dependent, low socioeconomic status, uninsured, nonhomeless patients...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051396/facial-transplantation-an-update-of-results-and-perspectives-from-tissue-engineering
#10
Francesco Simonacci, Roberto Toni, Edoardo Raposio
BACKGROUND/AIM: Facial transplantation is a revolutionary procedure developed recently, which is indicated if autologous transfers fail to restore human appearance. More than 30 patients have undergone facial transplantation in different centers worldwide. Here, we provide an update on its main anatomical, surgical, immunological, ethical, and follow- up aspects. We also provide innovative perspectives of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering that could hold promise for this emerging surgical field...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051324/corneal-complications-after-orbital-radiotherapy-for-primary-epithelial-malignancies-of-the-lacrimal-gland
#11
Sri K Gore, Nicholas P Plowman, Aruna Dharmasena, David H Verity, Geoffrey E Rose
PURPOSE: To review the long-term corneal complications after high-dose external beam orbital radiotherapy given to patients for lacrimal gland carcinomas. The impact of prophylactic measures to improve long-term ocular surface health is also assessed. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Patients under the care of Moorfields Eye Hospital and receiving external beam radiotherapy for primary epithelial lacrimal gland carcinoma between 1975 and 2014...
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051133/experiences-from-a-web-and-app-based-workplace-health-promotion-intervention-among-employees-in-the-social-and-health-care-sector-based-on-use-data-and-qualitative-interviews
#12
Nina Charlotte Balk-Møller, Thomas Meinert Larsen, Lotte Holm
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of Web- and app-based tools for health promotion are being developed at the moment. The ambition is generally to reach out to a larger part of the population and to help users improve their lifestyle and develop healthier habits, and thereby improve their health status. However, the positive effects are generally modest. To understand why the effects are modest, further investigation into the participants' experiences and the social aspects of using Web- and app-based health promotion tools is needed...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050826/live-cell-time-lapse-imaging-and-single-cell-tracking-of-in-vitro-cultured-neural-stem-cells-tools-for-analyzing-dynamics-of-cell-cycle-migration-and-lineage-selection
#13
Katja M Piltti, Brian J Cummings, Krystal Carta, Ayla Manughian-Peter, Colleen Worne, Kulbir Singh, Danier Ong, Yuriy Maksymyuk, Michelle Khine, Aileen J Anderson
Neural stem cell (NSC) cultures have been considered technically challenging for time-lapse analysis due to high motility, photosensitivity, and growth at confluent densities. We have tested feasibility of long-term live-cell time-lapse analysis for NSC migration and differentiation studies. Here, we describe a method to study the dynamics of cell cycle, migration, and lineage selection in cultured multipotent mouse or human NSCs using single-cell tracking during a long-term, 7-14 day live-cell time-lapse analysis...
October 16, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050690/how-should-we-treat-the-aya-patient-with-newly-diagnosed-all
#14
REVIEW
Nicolas Boissel
Adolescent and young adult (AYA) patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) are recognized as a unique population with specific characteristics and needs. In adolescents aged 15-20 years old, the use of full paediatric protocols is supported by many comparative studies of paediatric and adult cooperative groups. In young adults, growing evidence suggests that paediatric-inspired approaches may also improve outcomes and lead to long-term survival rates of almost 70%. In the last decade, better knowledge of ALL oncogenic landscape, age distribution, and minimal residual disease prognostic impact have improved risk stratification...
September 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049078/hearts-and-minds-real-life-cardiotoxicity-with-clozapine-in-psychosis
#15
George Joy, Eromona Whiskey, Mark Bolstridge, Alejandro Porras-Segovia, Theresa A McDonagh, Carla M Plymen, Sukhi S Shergill
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia has a 1% prevalence in the population; 30% of these patients are treatment refractory. Clozapine is the only drug licensed to treat treatment refractory psychosis, but concerns about potential adverse effects result in only a proportion of eligible patients being treated. Although a well-documented neutropenia risk is mitigated by routine blood testing, cardiac toxicity is a commonly cited reason to discontinue clozapine treatment. However, there is little data on the real-life cardiac outcomes in those receiving clozapine treatment...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049057/the-postpartum-maternal-and-newborn-microbiomes
#16
Abby D Mutic, Sheila Jordan, Sara M Edwards, Erin P Ferranti, Taylor A Thul, Irene Yang
Biological and environmental changes to maternal and newborn microbiomes in the postnatal period can affect health outcomes for the mother-baby dyad. Postpartum sleep deprivation and unmet dietary needs can alter commensal bacteria within the body and disrupt gut-brain communication. Perineal injury and breast infections also change microbial community composition, potentiating an environment favoring pathogen growth. The gut microbiome refers to the collection of microorganisms working in harmony. Disruptions within the gut microbiome and gut-brain communication may lead to postpartum depression, a potentially devastating sequela...
November 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048949/discovering-pediatric-asthma-phenotypes-based-on-response-to-controller-medication-using-machine-learning
#17
Mindy K Ross, Jinsung Yoon, Auke van der Schaar, Mihaela van der Schaar
RATIONALE: Pediatric asthma has variable underlying inflammation and symptom control. Approaches to address this heterogeneity such as clustering methods to find phenotypes and predicting outcomes have been investigated. However, clustering based upon the relationship between treatment and clinical outcome has not been performed. Also, machine learning approaches for long-term outcome prediction in pediatric asthma have not been studied in depth. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to use our novel machine learning algorithm, Predictor Pursuit (PP) to discover pediatric asthma phenotypes based on treatment response to different asthma controller medications, to predict outcomes of children with asthma over time, and to identify the most indicative features of asthma control for the discovered pediatric phenotypes...
October 19, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048571/pain-in-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer-applying-a-prevention-framework
#18
Amanda L Stone, Cynthia W Karlson, Lauren C Heathcote, Abby R Rosenberg, Tonya M Palermo
To apply a biopsychosocial framework to understand factors influencing pain in survivors of pediatric cancer to inform pain prevention efforts and highlight the need for interdisciplinary care. This topical review draws from both pediatric cancer survivorship research and chronic noncancer pain research to illustrate how components of a preventative model can be applied to pain in survivorship. Pain is a common experience among long-term survivors of pediatric cancer. The pain experience in survivorship can be conceptualized in terms of biological disease and treatment factors, cognitive and affective factors, and social and contextual factors...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048549/curcumin-sensitizes-pancreatic-cancer-cells-to-gemcitabine-by-attenuating-prc2-subunit-ezh2-and-the-lncrna-pvt1-expression
#19
Kazuhiro Yoshida, Shusuke Toden, Preethi Ravindranathan, Haiyong Han, Ajay Goel
Development of resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is a major challenge in the care of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Acquired resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in PDAC has been linked to a subset of cancer cells termed 'cancer stem cells' (CSCs). Therefore, an improved understanding of the molecular events underlying the development of pancreatic CSCs is required to identify new therapeutic targets to overcome chemoresistance. Accumulating evidence indicates that curcumin, a phenolic compound extracted from turmeric, can overcome de novo chemoresistance and re-sensitize tumors to various chemotherapeutic agents...
October 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048472/trajectories-of-long-term-care-in-28-eu-countries-evidence-from-a-time-series-analysis
#20
Maria Michela Gianino, Jacopo Lenzi, Maria Martorana, Marco Bonaudo, Maria Pia Fantini, Roberta Siliquini, Walter Ricciardi, Gianfranco Damiani
Background: This study aims to confirm whether an increase in the number of elderly people and a worsening in the auto-evaluation of the general health state and in the limitation of daily activities result in increases in the offered services (beds in residential LTC facilities), in the social and healthcare expenditure and, consequently, in the percentage of LTC users. Methods: This study used a pooled, cross-sectional, time series design focusing on 28 European countries from 2004 to 2015...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
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