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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822922/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-characteristics-of-disability-in-older-adults-in-china-findings-from-china-comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-study
#1
Lina Ma, Zhenzhen Li, Zhe Tang, Fei Sun, Lijun Diao, Jian Li, Yao He, Birong Dong, Yun Li
OBJECTIVE: Disability affects older adults' quality of life. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic characteristics of disability in older adults in China. METHOD: Data was obtained from the China Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment Study (CCGAS). The sample comprised 6864 people aged 60 years and above from seven provinces in China. A door-to-door survey was conducted by formally trained interviewers using a unified questionnaire. Disability was assessed with physical health assessment comprising activities of daily living (ADL), and independent activities of daily living (IADL)...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822837/delayed-pain-decrease-following-m1-tdcs-in-spinal-cord-injury-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Aurore Thibaut, Sandra Carvalho, Leslie Morse, Ross Zafonte, Felipe Fregni
Despite some encouraging findings for the treatment of neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) directed to the primary motor cortex (M1) has faced some mixed results. Prior to translating this technology to clinical care, consistent results and durable effects need to be found. We, therefore, aimed to assess the direct and long-term effects of tDCS on pain following SCI. We performed a two-phase randomized sham-controlled clinical trial where patients received 5days of tDCS followed by at 3-month follow-up period (Phase I); then, Phase II consisted of 10days of tDCS with an 8-week follow-up period...
August 16, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822830/chronic-kidney-disease-in-long-term-survivors-after-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-retrospective-analysis-at-a-single-institute
#3
Tomoyasu Jo, Yasuyuki Arai, Tadakazu Kondo, Toshiyuki Kitano, Masakatsu Hishizawa, Kouhei Yamashita, Akifumi Takaori-Kondo
The number of patients eligible for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has increased because of improvements in transplantation procedures. Among long-term survivors of allo-HSCT, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major cause of morbidity. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 106 consecutive patients with a median age of 43 (17-73) years who had undergone allo-HSCT at our institution between January 2001 and September 2009. Patients who died within 5 years after transplantation or had CKD at the time of transplantation were excluded in this study...
August 16, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822755/does-the-transformation-of-dietitians-from-counseling-to-therapy-also-apply-to-the-physical-and-therapeutic-environment-a-case-study-of-israeli-practice
#4
Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Yael Birman
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle change can be influenced through effective interaction between care receiver and care provider. The physical environment where the interaction occurs can affect the dynamics of long-term therapeutic treatment. There have been no studies on the perception of the physical environment in nutritional treatment. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to ascertain the impact of the physical environment on the dynamics and communication between dietitian and patient based on perceptions of dietitians...
August 17, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821303/validity-and-test-retest-reliability-of-the-self-completion-adult-social-care-outcomes-toolkit-ascot-sct4-with-adults-with-long-term-physical-sensory-and-mental-health-conditions-in-england
#5
Stacey Rand, Juliette Malley, Ann-Marie Towers, Ann Netten, Julien Forder
BACKGROUND: The Adult Social Care Outcomes Toolkit (ASCOT-SCT4) is a multi-attribute utility index designed for the evaluation of long-term social care services. The measure comprises eight attributes that capture aspects of social care-related quality of life. The instrument has previously been validated with a sample of older adults who used home care services in England. This paper aims to demonstrate the instrument's test-retest reliability and provide evidence for its validity in a diverse sample of adults who use publicly-funded, community-based social care in England...
August 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821284/physical-exercise-following-esophageal-cancer-treatment-perfect-study-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Jonna K van Vulpen, Peter D Siersema, Richard van Hillegersberg, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Ewout A Kouwenhoven, Richard P R Groenendijk, Donald L van der Peet, Eric J Hazebroek, Camiel Rosman, Carlo C G Schippers, Elles Steenhagen, Petra H M Peeters, Anne M May
BACKGROUND: Following esophagectomy, esophageal cancer patients experience a clinically relevant deterioration of health-related quality of life, both on the short- and long-term. With the currently growing number of esophageal cancer survivors, the burden of disease- and treatment-related complaints and symptoms becomes more relevant. This emphasizes the need for interventions aimed at improving quality of life. Beneficial effects of post-operative physical exercise have been reported in several cancer types, but so far comparable evidence in esophageal cancer patients is lacking...
August 18, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821268/hypo-fractionated-sbrt-for-localized-prostate-cancer-a-german-bi-center-single-treatment-group-feasibility-trial
#7
Ping Jiang, Katja Krockenberger, Reinhard Vonthein, Jane Tereszczuk, Arne Schreiber, Sebastian Liebau, Stefan Huttenlocher, Detlef Imhoff, Panagiotis Balermpas, Christian Keller, Kathrin Dellas, Rene Baumann, Claus Rödel, Guido Hildebrandt, Klaus-Peter Jünemann, Alex S Merseburger, Alan Katz, Andreas Ziegler, Oliver Blanck, Jürgen Dunst
BACKGROUND: For prostate cancer treatment, treatment options with minimal side effects are desired. External beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is non-invasive, standard of care and delivered in either conventional fractionation over 8 weeks or with moderate hypo-fractionation over about 5 weeks. Recent advances in radiotherapy technology have made extreme hypo-fractionated stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) of prostate cancer feasible, which has not yet been introduced as a standard treatment method in Germany...
August 18, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820610/asthma-treatment-and-outcomes-for-children-in-the-emergency-department-and-hospital
#8
Rupali Drewek, Lucia Mirea, Peter Touresian, Philip David Adelson
OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the treatment of acute asthma exacerbations in children seen in the emergency department (ED) and admitted to acute care floor in the hospital or intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: Retrospective chart review of visits for acute exacerbation of asthma treated at Phoenix Children's Hospital between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2016. RESULTS: A total of 287 asthma exacerbation cases were identified including 106 (37%) ED visits, 134 (47%) hospital floor and 47 (16%) ICU admissions...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819694/thoracic-corpectomy-for-neoplastic-vertebral-bodies-using-a-navigated-lateral-extracavitary-approach-a-single-center-consecutive-case-series-technique-and-analysis
#9
Sebastian Hartmann, Christoph Wipplinger, Anja Tschugg, Pujan Kavakebi, Alexander Örley, Pierre Pascal Girod, Claudius Thomé
Thoracic myelopathy is often caused by vertebral body fractures resulting from neoplastic conditions, traumatic events, or infectious diseases. One of the preferred procedures for treating it is the lateral extracavitary approach (LECA) with single-level or multilevel decompressive corpectomy and reconstruction. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the thoracic lateral extracavitary approach with corpectomy using vertebral body replacement systems (VBR-S) and dorsal reconstruction. Twenty-four patients with metastatic or primary lesions of thoracic vertebrae T2-T12 underwent spinal decompression and ventral column reconstruction with correction of spinal deformity via a LECA...
August 17, 2017: Neurosurgical Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819112/tracing-nitrate-sources-with-dual-isotopes-and-long-term-monitoring-of-nitrogen-species-in-the-yellow-river-china
#10
Fu-Jun Yue, Si-Liang Li, Cong-Qiang Liu, Zhi-Qi Zhao, Hu Ding
A heavy load of nitrogenous compounds reflects nutrient loss and influences water quality in large rivers. Nitrogenous concentrations and dual isotopes of nitrate were measured to ascertain the spatial and temporal distributions of nitrate transformation in the Yellow River, the second-longest river in China. Assessment of the long-term record indicates that [NO3(-)-N] has increased by two-fold over the past three decades. Weekly observation of ammonium over a twelve-year period revealed high concentrations and suggests impairment of water quality, particularly since 2011...
August 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818746/patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-coronary-artery-disease-double-trouble
#11
REVIEW
Ewelina Michniewicz, Elżbieta Mlodawska, Paulina Lopatowska, Anna Tomaszuk-Kazberuk, Jolanta Malyszko
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cardiovascular disease while atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. Both diseases share associated risk factors - hypertension, diabetes mellitus, sleep apnea, obesity and smoking. Moreover, inflammation plays a causative role in both diseases. The prevalence of CAD in patients with AF is from 17% to 46.5% while the prevalence of AF among patients with CAD is low and it is estimated from 0.2% to 5%. AF is a well-established factor of poor short- and long-term prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and is associated with a marked increase in overall mortality...
August 14, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818535/use-of-the-ileum-for-ureteral-stricture-and-obstruction-in-bilateral-unilateral-and-single-kidney-cases
#12
Aram Kim, Wook Nam, Sang Hoon Song, In Gab Jeong, Bumsik Hong
Objectives To investigate the functional outcomes of ileal ureter replacement for complex ureteral loss, including bilateral and single ureter stricture, as a result of various etiologies. Methods In 2013-2016, 31 patients underwent ileal ureter replacement surgery. The data for their assessments included etiology, combined surgical procedures, ureteral replacement type, postoperative complications, and changes in renal function. Results The 31 study patients had a median age of 56.0 (range 18 to 65) years old and were followed for a median 23...
August 14, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818526/which-patients-with-upper-tract-urothelial-carcinoma-can-be-safely-treated-with-conservative-treatment-by-flexible-ureteroscopy-with-holmium-yag-laser-photoablation-long-term-results-from-a-high-volume-institution
#13
Luca Villa, Mattieu Haddad, Umberto Capitanio, Bhaskar K Somani, Jonathan Cloutier, Steeve Doizi, Andrea Salonia, Alberto Briganti, Francesco Montorsi, Olivier Traxer
PURPOSE: To test the effects of tumour size, tumour distribution and tumour grade on progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) treated with flexible ureteroscopy with Holmium:YAG laser photoablation (FULP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 92 consecutive UTUC patients treated with FULP (2003-2015) at a single tertiary care referral center were included. A stringent follow-up was offered according to the European Association Urological guidelines...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818072/use-of-hospital-based-health-care-services-among-children-aged-1-through-9%C3%A2-years-who-were-born-very-preterm-a-population-based-study
#14
Søren T Klitkou, Tor Iversen, Hans J Stensvold, Arild Rønnestad
BACKGROUND: Very preterm (VPT) children, with a birth weight below 1500 g or delivered before 32 weeks of gestational age, are at increased risk of poorer long-term health outcomes and higher rates of hospitalization in childhood. However, considerable variation exists in the need for in-hospital care within this population. We assessed the utilization and distribution of hospital-based care from ages 1 through 9 years for a nationwide population. METHODS: This was a population-based cohort of VPT children born in the period 2001-2009...
August 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817454/cms-mds-3-0-section-m-skin-conditions-in-long-term-care-pressure-ulcers-skin-tears-and-moisture-associated-skin-damage-data-update
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817452/cms-mds-3-0-section-m-skin-conditions-in-long-term-care-pressure-ulcers-skin-tears-and-moisture-associated-skin-damage-data-update
#16
Elizabeth A Ayello
GENERAL PURPOSE: The purpose of this learning activity is to provide information about the updates to the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) MDS 3.0 Section M, Skin Conditions documentation in long-term care. TARGET AUDIENCE: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care. LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After participating in this educational activity, the participant should be better able to:1...
September 2017: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817374/long-term-survival-outcomes-of-cancer-directed-surgery-for-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#17
David B Nelson, David C Rice, Jiangong Niu, Scott Atay, Ara A Vaporciyan, Mara Antonoff, Wayne L Hofstetter, Garrett L Walsh, Stephen G Swisher, Jack A Roth, Anne Tsao, Daniel Gomez, Sharon H Giordano, Reza Mehran, Boris Sepesi
Purpose Small observational studies have shown a survival advantage to undergoing cancer-directed surgery for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM); however, it is unclear if these results are generalizable. Our purpose was to evaluate survival after treatment of MPM with cancer-directed surgery and to explore the effect surgery interaction with chemotherapy or radiation therapy on survival by using the National Cancer Database. Patients and Methods Patients with microscopically proven MPM were identified within the National Cancer Database (2004 to 2014)...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817372/financial-burden-in-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-a-report-from-the-childhood-cancer-survivor-study
#18
Ryan D Nipp, Anne C Kirchhoff, Douglas Fair, Julia Rabin, Kelly A Hyland, Karen Kuhlthau, Giselle K Perez, Leslie L Robison, Gregory T Armstrong, Paul C Nathan, Kevin C Oeffinger, Wendy M Leisenring, Elyse R Park
Purpose Survivors of childhood cancer may experience financial burden as a result of health care costs, particularly because these patients often require long-term medical care. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of financial burden and identify associations between a higher percentage of income spent on out-of-pocket medical costs (≥ 10% of annual income) and issues related to financial burden (jeopardizing care or changing lifestyle) among survivors of childhood cancer and a sibling comparison group. Methods Between May 2011 and April 2012, we surveyed an age-stratified, random sample of survivors of childhood cancer and a sibling comparison group who were enrolled in the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817370/conko-005-adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-gemcitabine-plus-erlotinib-versus-gemcitabine-alone-in-patients-after-r0-resection-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-multicenter-randomized-phase-iii-trial
#19
Marianne Sinn, Marcus Bahra, Torsten Liersch, Klaus Gellert, Helmut Messmann, Wolf Bechstein, Dirk Waldschmidt, Lutz Jacobasch, Martin Wilhelm, Bettina M Rau, Robert Grützmann, Arndt Weinmann, Georg Maschmeyer, Uwe Pelzer, Jens M Stieler, Jana K Striefler, Michael Ghadimi, Sven Bischoff, Bernd Dörken, Helmut Oettle, Hanno Riess
Purpose Gemcitabine is standard of care in the adjuvant treatment of resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib in combination with gemcitabine has shown efficacy in the treatment of advanced PDAC and was considered to improve survival in patients with primarily resectable PDAC after R0 resection. Patients and Methods In an open-label, multicenter trial, patients were randomly assigned to one of two study arms: gemcitabine 1,000 mg/m(2) days 1, 8, 15, every 4 weeks plus erlotinib 100 mg once per day (GemErlo) or gemcitabine (Gem) alone for six cycles...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817367/nutrition-implications-for-long-term-survivors-of-pancreatic-cancer-surgery
#20
Maria Q B Petzel, Leah Hoffman
With slowly increasing survival rates in pancreatic cancer and international consensus guidelines recommending surgical resection of premalignant lesions, survival post-pancreatic resection is increasing. With longer survival time, the significant comorbidities of such major surgery have far-reaching effects on the nutrition status of the survivor of pancreatic cancer. This review describes the many nutrition-related side effects of pancreatic surgery, including the development of pancreatic enzyme insufficiency, micronutrient deficiencies, diabetes, fatty liver, and metabolic bone disease...
August 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
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