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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691776/management-of-glioblastoma-at-safety-net-hospitals
#1
Michael G Brandel, Robert C Rennert, Christian Lopez Ramos, David R Santiago-Dieppa, Jeffrey A Steinberg, Reith R Sarkar, Arvin R Wali, J Scott Pannell, James D Murphy, Alexander A Khalessi
BACKGROUND: Safety-net hospitals (SNHs) provide disproportionate care for underserved patients. Prior studies have identified poor outcomes, increased costs, and reduced access to certain complex, elective surgeries at SNHs. However, it is unknown whether similar patterns exist for the management of glioblastoma (GBM). We sought to determine if patients treated at HBHs receive equitable care for GBM, and if safety-net burden status impacts post-treatment survival. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried for GBM patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2015...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691773/etelcalcetide-for-treating-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-an-evidence-review-group-evaluation-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#2
Micah Rose, Jonathan Shepherd, Petra Harris, Karen Pickett, Joanne Lord
The manufacturer of the calcimimetic drug etelcalcetide was invited to make an evidence submission as part of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Single Technology Appraisal (STA) programme. Within this submission, they reported evidence on the clinical and cost effectiveness of etelcalcetide for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on haemodialysis. The Southampton Health Technology Assessments Centre (SHTAC), part of the Wessex Institute at the University of Southampton, was the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG) commissioned to appraise the company's submission...
April 25, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691768/skin-cancer-following-solid-organ-transplantation-a-review-of-risk-factors-and-models-of-care
#3
REVIEW
Matthew D Howard, John C Su, Alvin H Chong
The number of solid organ transplants has been increasing annually worldwide. Advances in transplantation surgery and community awareness of organ donation have been key contributors. Combined with increased understanding of immunosuppression, there are a growing number of solid organ transplant recipients in the community as a result of improved long-term outcomes. There remains a high incidence of deaths worldwide post-transplant due to non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), which has greater morbidity and mortality in this population than in the general community...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691612/which-is-the-optimal-orthogeriatric-care-model-to-prevent-mortality-of-elderly-subjects-post-hip-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-based-on-current-clinical-practice
#4
REVIEW
J Moyet, G Deschasse, B Marquant, P Mertl, Frédéric Bloch
BACKGROUND: While there is a general consensus of the impact of an orthogeriatric organisation in terms of elderly patient mortality post hip fracture, it is unclear which, among these various care models, is the most optimal. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was undertaken using the keywords "Femoral fractures or total hip replacements or Accidental, falls" and "Aged, 80 and over" and "Mortality". The review is presented following PRISMA guidance...
April 24, 2018: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691303/therapy-of-endocrine-disease-denosumab-versus-bisphosphonates-for-the-treatment-of-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#5
Athanasios D Anastasilakis, Stergios A Polyzos, Polyzois Makras
The most widely used medications for the treatment of osteoporosis are currently bisphosphonates and denosumab. Both are antiresorptives, thus targeting the osteoclast and inhibiting bone resorption. Denosumab achieves greater suppression of bone turnover and greater increases of bone mineral density (BMD) at all skeletal sites, both in naïve and pre-treated patients. No superiority on fracture risk reduction has been documented so far. In long-term administration, bisphosphonates reach a plateau in BMD response after 2-3 years, especially at the hip, while BMD increases progressively for as long as denosumab is administered...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691208/the-use-of-digital-and-remote-communication-technologies-as-a-tool-for-multiple-sclerosis-management-narrative-review
#6
Martin Marziniak, Giampaolo Brichetto, Peter Feys, Uta Meyding-Lamadé, Karen Vernon, Sven G Meuth
Despite recent advances in multiple sclerosis (MS) care, many patients only infrequently access health care services, or are unable to access them easily, for reasons such as mobility restrictions, travel costs, consultation and treatment time constraints, and a lack of locally available MS expert services. Advances in mobile communications have led to the introduction of electronic health (eHealth) technologies, which are helping to improve both access to and the quality of health care services. As the Internet is now readily accessible through smart mobile devices, most people can take advantage of eHealth apps...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Rehabilitation and Assistive Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691174/ten-year-mortality-and-revision-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-morbidly-obese-patients
#7
Mina Tohidi, Susan B Brogly, Katherine Lajkosz, Heather J Grant, Elizabeth G VanDenKerkhof, Aaron R Campbell
BACKGROUND: Although morbid obesity has been associated with early surgical complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), evidence of long-term outcomes is limited. We conducted a population-based study to determine the association between morbid obesity and 10-year survival and revision surgery in patients undergoing primary TKA. METHODS: A cohort study of 9817 patients aged 18-60 years treated with primary TKA from April 1, 2002 to March 31, 2007 was conducted using Ontario administrative health-care databases of universal health-care coverage...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690855/maternal-phthalate-and-personal-care-products-exposure-alters-extracellular-placental-mirna-profile-in-twin-pregnancies
#8
Jia Zhong, Andrea A Baccarelli, Abdallah Mansur, Michal Adir, Ravit Nahum, Russ Hauser, Valentina Bollati, Catherine Racowsky, Ronit Machtinger
Prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) exerts both short- and long-term adverse effects on the developing fetus. However, the mechanisms underlying these effects have yet to be uncovered. Maternal-fetal signaling is mediated in part by signaling molecules (eg, microRNAs [miRNAs]) contained in extracellular vesicles (EVs) that are released by the placenta into the maternal circulation. We investigated whether maternal exposure to the EDCs phthalates and personal care products alters the miRNA profile of placental-derived EVs circulating in maternal blood...
January 1, 2018: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690829/psychosocial-characteristics-of-primary-care-seeking-long-distance-truck-drivers-in-kenya-and-associations-with-hiv-testing
#9
Matthew L Romo, Gavin George, Joanne E Mantell, Eva Mwai, Eston Nyaga, Jacob O Odhiambo, Kaymarlin Govender, Elizabeth A Kelvin
The 90-90-90 strategy from the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to end the AIDS epidemic by 2020 includes, as its first goal, to have 90% of all people living with HIV to know their status. Achieving this goal will depend on effectively reaching high risk populations, which include mobile populations such as truck drivers. This study aimed to characterise a sample of 305 truck drivers recruited from 2 roadside wellness clinics in Kenya in terms of anticipated HIV stigma, self-efficacy, fatalism, gender equity, sensation seeking, and self-esteem, and then determine the association of these psychosocial characteristics with HIV testing behaviour...
April 24, 2018: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#10
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689738/factors-associated-with-long-term-mechanical-ventilation-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#11
Lina Yossef, Edward G Shepherd, Susan Lynch, Kristina M Reber, Leif D Nelin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with long-term intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Study setting was a ten bed pod (SBP) part of the Level IV all referral NICU, dedicated to the care of infants born at <27 weeks and which utilizes a protocol-driven approach to care. All admissions to the SBP from 2005 to 2011 were included if admitted in the first week of life and alive at 56 days of age...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689646/beyond-lifestyle-interventions-exploring-the-potential-of-anti-obesity-medications-in-the-uk
#12
REVIEW
J P H Wilding
In the UK, over one-quarter of the adult population have obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg m-2 ). This has major implications for patients' health and the National Health Service. Despite published studies showing that significant weight loss can be achieved and maintained in primary care, and guidance from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, weight management services are inconsistently implemented. This may be due primarily to workload and financial constraints. There is also a lack of belief that specialist weight management services and anti-obesity medications (AOMs) are a viable alternative to bariatric surgery for long-term maintenance of weight loss...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689592/successful-treatment-of-endometriosis-related-hemorrhagic-ascites-a-report-of-three-cases
#13
Sofia Mendes, Catarina Carvalho, GonÇalo Rodrigues, Sónia Barata, Carlos Calhaz-Jorge, Filipa Osório
Endometriosis-related ascites is rare and is frequently confused with an ovarian malignancy. Since it affects women in reproductive age, its diagnosis and therapy are even more challenging. These patients usually present with abdominal distension, pelvic pain, and weight loss, but a careful questioning usually reveals the typical endometriosis symptoms-such as dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia. We present three cases of endometriosis-related ascites, one of them with pleural effusion. All cases were associated with extensive disease and required laborious laparoscopic surgery, medical therapy with gonadotropin releasing hormone analogs, and long-term follow-up...
April 23, 2018: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688339/4-5-years-within-patient-evolution-of-a-colistin-resistant-kpc-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-st258
#14
Agnès B Jousset, Rémy A Bonnin, Isabelle Rosinski-Chupin, Delphine Girlich, Gaëlle Cuzon, Nicolas Cabanel, Hélène Frech, Eric Farfour, Laurent Dortet, Philippe Glaser, Thierry Naas
Background: KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC-Kp) have emerged globally over the last decade as a major nosocomial pathogen that threatens patient's care. These highly resistant bacteria are mostly associated with a single Kp clonal group (CG) CG258, but the reasons for its host and hospital adaptation remain largely unknown. Methods: We analyzed the in vivo evolution of a colistin-resistant KPC-Kp-CG258 strain that contaminated a patient following an endoscopy, and was responsible for a fatal bacteraemia 4...
April 21, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688088/constant-light-during-lactation-programs-circadian-and-metabolic-systems
#15
Palma-Gómez Madahi, Osnaya Ivan, Balderas Adriana, Ortega Diana, Escobar Carolina
Exposure to light at night is a disruptive condition for the adult circadian system, leading to arrhythmicity in nocturnal rodents. Circadian disruption is a risk factor for developing physiological and behavioral alterations, including weight gain and metabolic disease. During early stages of development, the circadian system undergoes a critical period of adjustment, and it is especially vulnerable to altered lighting conditions that may program its function, leading to long-term effects. We hypothesized that during lactation a disrupted light-dark cycle due to light at night may disrupt the circadian system and in the long term induce metabolic disorders...
April 24, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687702/new-generation-devices-for-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation
#16
Laura Gatto, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Enrico Romagnoli, Giacomo Frati, Francesco Prati, Arturo Giordano
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has overcome the pioneering phase and thanks to accrued clinical evidence has become a mainstay alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in patients at high risk for post-operative complications. Despite these successes, TAVI remains a junior technology facing momentous developments in techniques and devices. Indeed, several new-generation devices for TAVI have become available in the last few years, including Acurate, Allegra, Evolut, Lotus, JenaValve, Portico, and SAPIEN3...
April 20, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687607/why-do-some-animals-mate-with-one-partner-rather-than-many-a-review-of-causes-and-consequences-of-monogamy
#17
Charlotta Kvarnemo
Why do some animals mate with one partner rather than many? Here, I investigate factors related to (i) spatial constraints (habitat limitation, mate availability), (ii) time constraints (breeding synchrony, length of breeding season), (iii) need for parental care, and (iv) genetic compatibility, to see what support can be found in different taxa regarding the importance of these factors in explaining the occurrence of monogamy, whether shown by one sex (monogyny or monandry) or by both sexes (mutual monogamy)...
April 23, 2018: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687556/total-5-mm-port-approach-a-feasible-technique-for-both-elective-and-emergency-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#18
Kyle Bender, Joel Lewin, Harriet O'Rourke, Freya C Hugh, Nicholas O'Rourke, Thomas J Hugh
BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic approach is considered the standard of care for cholecystectomy. Attempts to minimize incisions with single site and natural orifice approaches have shown promise but also have limitations. Technological advances have facilitated decreased port size, which may have a variety of benefits. The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of an all 5-mm port approach for patients undergoing both elective and emergency laparoscopic cholecystectomy. METHODS: A consecutive series of laparoscopic cholecystectomies at three different hospitals using all 5-mm ports was prospectively evaluated...
April 24, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687320/tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-phase-cml-strategies-for-frontline-decision-making
#19
REVIEW
James A Kennedy, Gabriela Hobbs
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Over the past two decades, the introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has transformed the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). With four agents currently approved for frontline use in chronic-phase (CP) disease, it follows that treatment decision-making has been rendered more challenging. Here we will review recent advances that help inform the selection of a first-line TKI. RECENT FINDINGS: Extended follow-up of the seminal CML trials has demonstrated the long-term efficacy of TKIs, while also highlighting significant differences in their respective toxicity profiles and potency...
April 23, 2018: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687082/probiotics-and-the-development-of-very-low-birthweight-infants-follow-up-study-of-a-randomised-trial
#20
Satsuki Totsu, Masaki Terahara, Satoshi Kusuda
Abstract: <AbstractText Label="Objective" NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">To investigate the effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum OLB6378 on the development of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants at 18 months of corrected age. Design: Long-term follow-up study of a cluster-randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Patients: VLBW infants (birth weight <1500 g) born between January 2010 and March 2011 and managed at 19 neonatal intensive care unit facilities assigned to two groups to account for the effect of probiotic cross-contamination within facilities...
2018: BMJ Paediatrics Open
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